JP2000102103A - Battery controlling system for electric vehicle - Google Patents

Battery controlling system for electric vehicle

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Publication number
JP2000102103A
JP2000102103A JP26547498A JP26547498A JP2000102103A JP 2000102103 A JP2000102103 A JP 2000102103A JP 26547498 A JP26547498 A JP 26547498A JP 26547498 A JP26547498 A JP 26547498A JP 2000102103 A JP2000102103 A JP 2000102103A
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
battery
electric vehicle
electric
vehicle
management system
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP26547498A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Chiaki Hiroya
Ryoji Wakabayashi
千亜紀 広谷
良治 若林
Original Assignee
Oki Electric Ind Co Ltd
沖電気工業株式会社
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Publication date
Application filed by Oki Electric Ind Co Ltd, 沖電気工業株式会社 filed Critical Oki Electric Ind Co Ltd
Priority to JP26547498A priority Critical patent/JP2000102103A/en
Publication of JP2000102103A publication Critical patent/JP2000102103A/en
Application status is Granted legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To take speedy and precise actions including the control of the residual electric power of a battery mounted on an electric vehicle and the charging of the battery, by providing a battery controlling center for the electric vehicles which receives information from the onboard terminal of each electric vehicle and warns the charging of the battery.
SOLUTION: A battery controlling center 1 for electric vehicles is structured in such a way that interactive communication with an electric vehicle 6 can be made possible via a communication network 2. The electric vehicle 6 is provided via an onboard terminal with an indicator 3 of the residual electric power of a battery, a navigation device 4, a warning device 5 of the residual electric power of a battery, and a transmitting and receiving part 31, which are connected to a micro-controller 14. This system enables the charging state of the electric vehicle 6 to be watched with the indicator 3 of the residual electric power of a battery, and the information can be transmitted to and controlled by the battery controlling center 1 for the electric vehicles via the onboard terminal.
COPYRIGHT: (C)2000,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、電気走行車のバッテリー管理システムに関するものである。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a battery management system for an electric vehicle.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】電気走行車のバッテリー残電気量の管理については、ドライバー自らがそれを管理し、それに対処するようにしている。 For management of the battery remaining amount of electricity BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION electric vehicles, their drivers to manage it, so that to deal with it. ところで、電気走行車の場合、 Incidentally, in the case of electric vehicles,
一般的には夜間充電か、充電スタンドでの充電が必要である。 In general, or nighttime charging, there is a need for charging at charging stations. その充電には普通8時間程度、急速充電で30分を要する。 Usually about 8 hours in the charging, take a 30-minute quick charge.

【0003】現状では、充電スタンドは数が少ないため、充電スタンドに移動できるだけのバッテリー残電気量が確保されているうちに充電スタンドに向かうようにする必要があった。 [0003] At present, since charging station fewer, it is necessary to toward the charging station while the battery remaining amount of electricity as possible moves to the charging station is ensured.

【0004】 [0004]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】上記したように、従来の方法では、電気走行車のドライバー自らの監視と判断により電気走行車の充電を行っている。 As described above [0005], in the conventional method, it is performed in the electric vehicle charging by determining the electric vehicle drivers own monitoring. しかしながら、 However,
公共車などにおいては、ドライバーはそれぞれの主なる作業を担当している。 In such public vehicle, the driver is in charge of each of the Lord work. 例えば、ゴミ収集車によるゴミ収集、バスによる乗客の輸送などが主たる業務であり、しかも、これに従事する人数は減らされる傾向にある。 For example, garbage collection by the garbage collection vehicles, is the main business and transportation of passengers by bus, moreover, is engaged in number of people in this tend to be reduced.

【0005】したがって、バッテリー残電気量の管理やそれに伴う対処には、十分に配慮できないのが現状である。 [0005] Thus, the deal associated with the management and it battery residual quantity of electricity, at present, can not be friendly enough. その結果、バッテリーの電気量がなくなると、立ち往生してしまい、上記したように充電スタンドは非常に数が少ないため、その充電には困難が伴うといった問題があった。 As a result, the quantity of electricity of the battery is eliminated, will be stuck, because the charging stand very less number as described above, there is a problem with difficulty in its charge.

【0006】本発明は、上記問題点を除去し、電気走行車のバッテリー残電気量の管理と、その充電を含めた対応を迅速、かつ、的確に実施できる電気走行車のバッテリー管理システムを提供することを目的とする。 [0006] The present invention is to eliminate the above problems, provides management and battery residual electricity quantity of the electric vehicle, the correspondence, including its charge quickly, and a battery management system for an electric vehicle that can be implemented accurately an object of the present invention is to.

【0007】 [0007]

【課題を解決するための手段】本発明は、上記目的を達成するために、 〔1〕電気走行車のバッテリー管理システムにおいて、 The present invention SUMMARY OF], in order to achieve the above object, in [1] electric vehicle battery management system,
バッテリー残電気量表示装置と、ナビゲーション装置と、バッテリー残電気量警告装置と、送受信装置とを有する車載端末と、メインバッテリーと、取付型バッテリーとを選択的に使用可能な電源ユニットとを具備する電気走行車と、この電気走行車の車載端末からの情報を受信し、給電スタンドや取付型バッテリーのショップに関する情報を送信し、バッテリーの充電を案内する電気走行車バッテリー管理センターとを具備するようにしたものである。 Includes a remaining battery electric quantity display device, a navigation device, a battery residual electric quantity warning device, in-vehicle terminal having a transceiver, a main battery, and a selectively usable power supply unit and an attachment-type battery and electric vehicles, so as to receive the information from the on-board terminal of the electric vehicle, to send the information about the shop of the power supply stand and mounting type battery, comprising an electric vehicle battery management center to guide the charging of the battery it is obtained by the.

【0008】〔2〕上記〔1〕記載の電気走行車のバッテリー管理システムにおいて、前記電源ユニットに電気走行車の振動により電力を発生させ、充電可能な発電機能付き補助バッテリーを搭載するようにしたものである。 [0008] [2] In [1] electric vehicle battery management system according, to generate power by the vibration of the electric vehicle to the power supply unit, and to be mounted to the auxiliary battery with a rechargeable power generation function it is intended. 〔3〕上記〔1〕記載の電気走行車のバッテリー管理システムにおいて、前記電源ユニットの取付型バッテリーを電気走行車に予備的に載置するようにしたものである。 [3] In [1] above electric vehicle battery management system according, in which so as to preliminarily mount the mounted type battery of the power supply unit to the electric vehicle.

【0009】 [0009]

【発明の実施の形態】以下、本発明の実施の形態について図面を参照しながら詳細に説明する。 BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Hereinafter, will be described in detail with reference to the drawings, embodiments of the present invention. 図1は本発明の実施例を示す電気走行車の残電気量管理及び緊急充電システムの模式図、図2はその電気走行車に搭載される車載端末の配置を示す斜視図、図3はその車載端末のブロック図、図4はその電気走行車バッテリー管理センターのブロック図である。 Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of an electric vehicle of the remaining electrical quantity management and emergency charging system according to the embodiment of the present invention, FIG 2 is a perspective view showing the arrangement of a vehicle-mounted terminal mounted in the electric vehicle, FIG. 3 is the block diagram of the vehicle-mounted terminal, FIG. 4 is a block diagram of the electric vehicle battery management center.

【0010】図1に示すように、電気走行車バッテリー管理センター1は通信網2を介して電気走行車6との双方向の通信が可能になるように構成されている。 [0010] As shown in FIG. 1, the electric vehicle battery management center 1 is configured to allow two-way communication with the electric vehicle 6 via the communication network 2. 電気走行車6には、図3に示すように、メインバッテリー19 The electric vehicle 6, as shown in FIG. 3, the main battery 19
A、取付型バッテリー19B、振動発電機付き補助バッテリー19Cが、切り替えスイッチ19−1によって電源ユニット19として構成されている。 A, Mount battery 19B, the vibration generator with auxiliary battery 19C is configured as a power supply unit 19 by the selector switch 19-1. ここで、取付型バッテリー19Bは、通常車両のトランクに予備を収納しておき、緊急時には、その取付型バッテリー19Bを取付型バッテリー取付部32(図1参照)に配備するようにしている。 Here, Mount battery 19B is normally leave housed spare in the trunk of the vehicle, in an emergency, and so as to deploy the attachment type battery 19B to mount the battery mounting unit 32 (see FIG. 1).

【0011】また、振動発電機付き補助バッテリー19 [0011] In addition, the vibration generator with auxiliary battery 19
Cは、常時、電気モータ(図示なし)にアダプタを介して、その電気モータの振動するコイルや磁石を有する発電機で充電される補助バッテリーを搭載可能にしている。 C is always via the adapter to the electric motor (not shown), and enables mounting the auxiliary battery is charged by the generator having a coil and a magnet which oscillates in the electric motor. 更に、自動車のサスペンションの振動に応動するコイルや磁石を有する発電機によって充電される振動発電機付き補助バッテリー16Cを設けることができる。 Furthermore, it is possible to provide a vibration generator with auxiliary battery 16C, which is charged by a generator having a coil and a magnet which operates in response to the vibration of the vehicle suspension.
(振動による発電機付きの自動車としては、例えば、実開昭64−37378号公報、特開昭52−22238 (The car with the generator due to vibration, for example, Japanese Utility Model 64-37378, JP-Sho 52-22238
号公報、実開昭61−74277号公報等参照)。 JP, reference, etc. Japanese Unexamined Utility Model Publication No. 61-74277).

【0012】更に、詳細は、後述するが、その他に、バッテリー残電気量表示装置3、ナビゲーション装置4、 [0012] Further details will be described later, other in the battery residual electric quantity display device 3, a navigation device 4,
バッテリー残電気量警告装置5、送受信部31を備え、 Remaining battery electric quantity warning device 5 includes a transceiver 31,
マイクロコントローラ14に接続されるようになっている。 It is adapted to be connected to the microcontroller 14. その電気走行車6には、図2及び図3に示すように、送受信アンテナ11を有する車載端末10が配置され、その車載端末10は、受信されたビーコンを増幅する増幅器12と、その増幅されたビーコンを復調する復調器13と、その復調された信号波を読み取るマイクロコントローラ14と、このマイクロコントローラ14に接続される報知装置15(表示装置15A、音声装置1 Its electric vehicle 6, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the vehicle-mounted terminal 10 is arranged with a transmitting and receiving antenna 11, the vehicle terminal 10 includes an amplifier 12 for amplifying the received beacon, it is amplified and a demodulator 13 for demodulating the beacon, the microcontroller 14 to read the signal wave thereof demodulated, notification device 15 (display device 15A that is connected to the microcontroller 14, voice device 1
5B)が設けられている。 5B) is provided.

【0013】また、マイクロコントローラ14にはIC [0013] In addition, IC is in the micro-controller 14
カード(図示なし)からのデータを読み取るリーダ・ライタユニット18と、電源ユニット19とを具備している。 A reader-writer unit 18 for reading the data from the card (not shown), and a power supply unit 19. なお、16は車載端末10から電波を送信するための変調器、17はその送信電波を増幅する増幅器である。 Incidentally, 16 is a modulator for transmitting a radio wave from the vehicle terminal 10, 17 is an amplifier for amplifying the transmission wave. 更に、電気走行車6には、バッテリー残電気量表示装置3、ナビゲーション装置4、バッテリー残電気量警告装置5がマイクロコントローラ14に接続されるようになっている。 Furthermore, the electric vehicle 6, the battery residual electric quantity display device 3, the navigation device 4, a battery residual electric quantity warning device 5 is adapted to be connected to the microcontroller 14.

【0014】一方、電気走行車バッテリー管理センター1は、図4に示すように、CPU20、ROM21、R [0014] On the other hand, electric vehicles battery management center 1, as shown in FIG. 4, CPU 20, ROM 21, R
AM22、送受信装置23、情報記憶装置(地図情報、 AM22, transceiver 23, the information storage device (map information,
充電スタンド情報、取付型バッテリーを販売するカー部品ショップ情報等を記憶)24、音声プロセッサ25、 Charging stand information, stored in the car parts shop information or the like to sell-mounted battery) 24, an audio processor 25,
音声装置26、画像プロセッサ27、画像メモリ28、 Audio device 26, an image processor 27, image memory 28,
表示装置29とを備えている。 And a display device 29.

【0015】そこで、図1に示すように、(1)取付型バッテリー19Bを取付型バッテリーの取付部32に取り付けて、新たな取付型バッテリーによる給電を行うようにすることができる。 [0015] Therefore, as shown in FIG. 1, (1) the Mount battery 19B is attached to the attachment portion 32 of the mounting type battery, it is possible to perform the power feeding by new-mounted battery. その間に、電気走行車バッテリー管理センター1からの充電スタンド情報を得て、メインバッテリー19Aの充電を依頼することもできる。 In the meantime, with the charging station information from the electric vehicle battery management center 1, it is also possible to request the charging of the main battery 19A. (2)また、振動発電機能付きの補助バッテリーを用いることにより、近距離であれば、いつ何どきでもバッテリーによる給電を行い、『電欠』を略皆無にすることができる。 (2) Further, by using an auxiliary battery with the vibration power generation function, if a short distance, when subjected to feed by battery anything pottery, can be made substantially nil to "Denketsu".

【0016】また、電気走行車に搭載される取付型バッテリー19Bは、それを販売するカー部品ショップ40 [0016] In addition, the mounting type battery 19B, which is mounted on an electric vehicle, the car parts shop 40 to sell it
で、取り替えたり、新たな取付型バッテリー19Bを得ることができる。 In, it can be replaced or, obtain a new mount battery 19B. その場合のカー部品ショップ40の位置情報なども車載端末10から電気走行車バッテリー管理センター1に問い合わせることにより、その情報を得ることができる。 By inquiring the position information such as the even-vehicle terminal 10 of the car parts shop 40 in this case to an electric vehicle battery management center 1, it is possible to obtain that information.

【0017】したがって、本発明によれば、電気走行車の電源ユニットは、バッテリー切れによる走行不可能が回避されるような構成となっている。 [0017] Thus, according to the present invention, the power supply unit of the electric vehicle is configured as not running by battery exhaustion is avoided. つまり、メインバッテリー19Aの残電気量が少なくなると、バッテリー残電気量表示装置3に表示される。 That is, when the remaining quantity of electricity of the main battery 19A is low, is displayed on the battery remaining amount of electricity display device 3. このように、本発明の電源ユニットは、増強された電源構成となっている。 Thus, the power supply unit of the present invention has a enhanced power configuration.

【0018】また、電気走行車の充電状態はバッテリー残電気量表示装置3で見ることができる。 [0018] In addition, the state of charge of the electric vehicle can be seen in the battery remaining amount of electricity display device 3. また、その情報は、車載端末10を介して電気走行車バッテリー管理センター1へ発信されて、そのセンター1で管理することができる。 Further, the information is transmitted to the electric vehicle battery management center 1 via the vehicle terminal 10, it can be managed at the center 1. 更に、標準走行距離(目安)と連動させることができる。 Furthermore, it is possible to work with standard running distance (approximate).

【0019】また、電気走行車内のナビゲーションシステムと連動して、走行可能エリア内の給電スタンドを表示することができる。 [0019] In addition, in conjunction with the electric drive car navigation system, it is possible to display the power supply stand of traveling possible within the area. また、取付型バッテリーはアタッシュケース型代替バッテリであり、取り付け型代替バッテリーとして、電気走行車内に予備的に載せておくようにする。 The mounting type battery is attache type alternative battery, as mount alternative battery, so that should put preliminarily to the electrical driving car. また、電気走行車バッテリー管理センター1等にガイドされた給電ポイントやカーショップ等でも広く代替品を配備することができる。 Further, it is possible to deploy a wider replacement in an electric vehicle battery management center 1 or the like guided feed point and car shops like.

【0020】更に、振動型発電機能付きバッテリー16 [0020] In addition, the vibration-type power generation function with a battery 16
Cを備えており、バッテリー補助機能として、電気モータや走行中の振動を利用して発電、一定距離の走行を可能にすることができる。 Includes a C, as a battery auxiliary function, power generation by utilizing the vibration of the electric motor and during running, it is possible to allow the travel of a predetermined distance. なお、本発明は上記実施例に限定されるものではなく、本発明の趣旨に基づいて種々の変形が可能であり、これらを本発明の範囲から排除するものではない。 The present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, but various modifications are possible based on the spirit of the present invention and is not intended to exclude from the scope of the present invention.

【0021】 [0021]

【発明の効果】以上、詳細に説明したように、本発明によれば、次のような効果を奏することができる。 Effect of the Invention] As described above in detail, according to the present invention can exhibit the following effects. (A)電気走行車のバッテリー残電気量の管理と、その充電を含めた対応を迅速、かつ的確に実施できる電気走行車のバッテリー管理システムを提供する。 (A) provides management and electric vehicle battery residual quantity of electricity, the battery management system corresponding rapid, and the electric vehicle that can be carried out accurately, including the charge.

【0022】(B)電気走行車のバッテリーを増強して電気走行車のバッテリー切れを回避することができ、電気走行車の走行の円滑化を図ることができる。 [0022] (B) to enhance the electric vehicle battery can avoid the battery out of electric vehicles, it is possible to achieve the smooth running of the electric vehicle.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】本発明の実施例を示す電気走行車の残電気量管理及び緊急充電システムの模式図である。 1 is a schematic diagram of the electric vehicle of an embodiment remaining electrical quantity management and emergency charging system of the present invention.

【図2】本発明の実施例を示す電気走行車に搭載される車載端末の配置を示す斜視図である。 2 is a perspective view showing the arrangement of a vehicle-mounted terminal that is mounted on an electric vehicle illustrating an embodiment of the present invention.

【図3】本発明の実施例を示す電気走行車に搭載される車載端末のブロック図である。 3 is a block diagram of a vehicle terminal mounted in the electric vehicle of an embodiment of the present invention.

【図4】本発明の実施例を示す電気走行車バッテリー管理センターのブロック図である。 4 is a block diagram of an electric vehicle battery management center illustrating an embodiment of the present invention.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 電気走行車バッテリー管理センター 2 通信網 3 バッテリー残電気量表示装置 4 ナビゲーション装置 5 バッテリー残電気量警告装置 6 電気走行車 10 車載端末 11 送受信アンテナ 12,17 増幅器 13 復調器 14 マイクロコントローラ 15 報知装置 15A 表示装置 15B 音声装置 16 変調器 18 リーダ・ライタユニット 19 電源ユニット 19−1 切り替えスイッチ 19A メインバッテリー 19B 取付型バッテリー 19C 振動発電機付き補助バッテリー 20 CPU 21 ROM 22 RAM 23 送受信装置 24 情報記憶装置(地図情報、充電スタンド情報、 1 electric vehicle battery management center 2 network 3 remaining battery electric quantity display 4 navigation device 5 remaining battery electric quantity warning device 6 electrically vehicle 10 vehicle terminal 11 transmit and receive antennas 12, 17 amplifier 13 demodulator 14 the microcontroller 15 notification device 15A the display device 15B audio device 16 modulator 18 reader-writer unit 19 power supply unit 19-1 with the selector switch 19A main battery 19B mounted type battery 19C vibration generator auxiliary battery 20 CPU 21 ROM 22 RAM 23 transceiver apparatus 24 the information storage device ( map information, a charging station information,
取付型バッテリーを販売するカーパーツショップ情報等を記憶) 25 音声プロセッサ 26 音声装置 27 画像プロセッサ 28 画像メモリ 29 表示装置 31 送受信部 32 取付型バッテリーの取付部 40 カー部品ショップ Mount storing car parts shop information or the like to sell battery) 25 of the voice processor 26 audio device 27 image processor 28 image memory 29 display device 31 receiving unit 32 mounted type battery mounting unit 40 Car parts shop

フロントページの続き Fターム(参考) 5H115 PA14 PC06 PG04 PI11 PI16 PI29 PO01 PO07 QN03 SF30 SL01 SL05 TI02 TR19 TU17 TW10 TZ01 TZ07 TZ14 UB01 UB02 UB05 UB07 UB08 UB11 Front page of the continued F-term (reference) 5H115 PA14 PC06 PG04 PI11 PI16 PI29 PO01 PO07 QN03 SF30 SL01 SL05 TI02 TR19 TU17 TW10 TZ01 TZ07 TZ14 UB01 UB02 UB05 UB07 UB08 UB11

Claims (3)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】(a)バッテリー残電気量表示装置と、ナビゲーション装置と、バッテリー残電気量警告装置と、 [1 claim] (a) a remaining battery electric quantity display device, a navigation device, a battery residual electric quantity warning device,
    送受信装置とを有する車載端末と、メインバッテリーと、取付型バッテリーとを選択的に使用可能な電源ユニットとを具備する電気走行車と、(b)該電気走行車の車載端末からの情報を受信し、給電スタンドや取付型バッテリーのショップに関する情報を送信し、バッテリーの充電を案内する電気走行車バッテリー管理センターとを具備することを特徴とする電気走行車のバッテリー管理システム。 Receiving a vehicle terminal having a transceiver, a main battery, an electric vehicle comprising a selectively usable power supply unit and an attachment-type battery, the information from the in-vehicle terminal (b) electric vehicle and, the power supply stand and send information about mounting type battery of the shop, the electric vehicle battery management system, characterized in that it comprises an electric vehicle battery management center to guide the charging of the battery.
  2. 【請求項2】 請求項1記載の電気走行車のバッテリー管理システムにおいて、前記電源ユニットに電気走行車の振動により電力を発生させ、充電可能な振動発電機能付き補助バッテリーを搭載することを特徴とする電気走行車のバッテリー管理システム。 2. The method of claim 1 electric vehicle battery management system according, to generate power by the vibration of the electric vehicle to the power supply unit, and characterized by mounting the auxiliary battery with rechargeable vibration power generation function electric vehicle battery management system that.
  3. 【請求項3】 請求項1記載の電気走行車のバッテリー管理システムにおいて、前記電源ユニットの取付型バッテリーを電気走行車に予備的に載置することを特徴とする電気走行車のバッテリー管理システム。 3. A process according to claim in 1 electric vehicle battery management system according, electric vehicles battery management system, characterized by preliminarily mounting the mount battery of the power supply unit to the electric vehicle.
JP26547498A 1998-09-18 1998-09-18 Battery controlling system for electric vehicle Granted JP2000102103A (en)

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