IT7850790D0 - A method and apparatus for the chemical conversion of compounds by means of enzymatic action - Google Patents

A method and apparatus for the chemical conversion of compounds by means of enzymatic action

Info

Publication number
IT7850790D0
IT7850790D0 IT5079078A IT5079078A IT7850790D0 IT 7850790 D0 IT7850790 D0 IT 7850790D0 IT 5079078 A IT5079078 A IT 5079078A IT 5079078 A IT5079078 A IT 5079078A IT 7850790 D0 IT7850790 D0 IT 7850790D0
Authority
IT
Italy
Prior art keywords
compounds
apparatus
means
method
chemical conversion
Prior art date
Application number
IT5079078A
Other languages
Italian (it)
Other versions
IT1107204B (en
Original Assignee
Stamicarbon
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to NL7709179A priority Critical patent/NL7709179A/en
Application filed by Stamicarbon filed Critical Stamicarbon
Publication of IT7850790D0 publication Critical patent/IT7850790D0/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of IT1107204B publication Critical patent/IT1107204B/en

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/02Aerobic processes
    • C02F3/08Aerobic processes using moving contact bodies
    • C02F3/085Fluidized beds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J8/00Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes
    • B01J8/18Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes with fluidised particles
    • B01J8/20Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes with fluidised particles with liquid as a fluidising medium
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J8/00Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes
    • B01J8/18Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes with fluidised particles
    • B01J8/24Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes with fluidised particles according to "fluidised-bed" technique
    • B01J8/26Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes with fluidised particles according to "fluidised-bed" technique with two or more fluidised beds, e.g. reactor and regeneration installations
    • B01J8/28Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes with fluidised particles according to "fluidised-bed" technique with two or more fluidised beds, e.g. reactor and regeneration installations the one above the other
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/34Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the microorganisms used
    • C02F3/342Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the microorganisms used characterised by the enzymes used
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M21/00Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses
    • C12M21/18Apparatus specially designed for the use of free, immobilized or carrier-bound enzymes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M23/00Constructional details, e.g. recesses, hinges
    • C12M23/34Internal compartments or partitions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M25/00Means for supporting, enclosing or fixing the microorganisms, e.g. immunocoatings
    • C12M25/16Particles; Beads; Granular material; Encapsulation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M25/00Means for supporting, enclosing or fixing the microorganisms, e.g. immunocoatings
    • C12M25/16Particles; Beads; Granular material; Encapsulation
    • C12M25/20Fluidized bed
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M29/00Means for introduction, extraction or recirculation of materials, e.g. pumps
    • C12M29/04Filters; Permeable or porous membranes or plates, e.g. dialysis
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • Y02W10/15Aerobic processes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S435/00Chemistry: molecular biology and microbiology
    • Y10S435/813Continuous fermentation

Abstract

Chemical enzymatic conversions are conducted by contacting an aqueous solution of the substrate with a granular immobilized enzyme, the substrate solution being passed through several series-connected, separate fluidized beds of the granular enzyme, while the enzyme particles are passed from one fluidized bed to the next countercurrently and against the direction of flow of the substrate solution. Multi-compartment reactor columns are also disclosed.
IT5079078A 1977-08-19 1978-08-18 A method and apparatus for the chemical conversion of compounds by means of enzymatic action IT1107204B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NL7709179A NL7709179A (en) 1977-08-19 1977-08-19 A process for carrying out enzymatic conversions.

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
IT7850790D0 true IT7850790D0 (en) 1978-08-18
IT1107204B IT1107204B (en) 1985-11-25

Family

ID=19829036

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
IT5079078A IT1107204B (en) 1977-08-19 1978-08-18 A method and apparatus for the chemical conversion of compounds by means of enzymatic action

Country Status (11)

Country Link
US (1) US4209591A (en)
JP (1) JPS6250113B2 (en)
BE (1) BE869496A (en)
CA (1) CA1117043A (en)
CH (1) CH646195A5 (en)
DE (1) DE2835979C2 (en)
DK (1) DK344378A (en)
FR (1) FR2400386B1 (en)
GB (1) GB2003048B (en)
IT (1) IT1107204B (en)
NL (1) NL7709179A (en)

Families Citing this family (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5726590A (en) * 1980-06-17 1982-02-12 Exxon Research Engineering Co Continuous oxidized organic substrate increasing method with low energy consumption
JPS5876096A (en) * 1981-10-31 1983-05-09 Mitsubishi Kakoki Kaisha Ltd Continuous alcohol fermentation process
US4451566A (en) * 1981-12-04 1984-05-29 Spencer Donald B Methods and apparatus for enzymatically producing ethanol
US4604361A (en) * 1983-03-29 1986-08-05 Agropur Cooperative Agro-Alimentaire Reactor for producing gas by means of micro-organisms
JPH0634695B2 (en) * 1984-09-07 1994-05-11 株式会社日立製作所 Medium transport piping
EP0215820A1 (en) * 1985-02-28 1987-04-01 Verax Corporation Fluidized bioreactor and cell cultivation process
US4978616A (en) * 1985-02-28 1990-12-18 Verax Corporation Fluidized cell cultivation process
EP0205790B1 (en) * 1985-06-18 1992-01-08 Anawa München Aktiengesellschaft Biologische Laboratorien Support for the cultivation of human or animal cells in a fermenter
DE3603792C2 (en) * 1986-02-07 1989-10-12 Thomas Dipl.-Ing. 5100 Aachen De Caro
DE3926609A1 (en) * 1989-08-11 1991-02-14 Solvay Enzymes Gmbh & Co Kg A new method for the continuous implementation of enzymatic implementations with immobilized biocatalyzers
DE4119281A1 (en) * 1991-06-12 1992-12-17 Basf Ag Method for producing enzyme preparations
CN1036146C (en) * 1992-09-09 1997-10-15 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Multi-layer separated biological reactor and method of production of alcohol with fermented mellow corn using same
US6054319A (en) * 1998-02-03 2000-04-25 Board Of Trustees Operating Michigan State University Method and apparatus for growing cells using gas or liquid aphrons
EP1112229A4 (en) 1998-05-29 2004-06-16 Proton Energy Systems Fluids management system for water electrolysis
KR20020074451A (en) * 1999-11-18 2002-09-30 프로톤 에너지 시스템즈, 인코포레이티드 High differential pressure electrochemical cell
US7153409B2 (en) * 1999-12-16 2006-12-26 Proton Energy Systems, Inc. Electrochemical cell system and method of operation
JP2003517096A (en) * 1999-12-16 2003-05-20 プロトン エネルギー システムズ,インク. Electrochemical cell
AU2454101A (en) 1999-12-22 2001-07-03 Proton Energy Systems, Inc. Electrochemical cell system
CA2354782C (en) * 2001-08-02 2013-02-26 Bradley A. Saville Recovery method for immobilized biocatalysts
US20050250003A1 (en) * 2002-08-09 2005-11-10 Proton Energy Systems, Inc. Electrochemical cell support structure
EP1840203A1 (en) * 2006-03-31 2007-10-03 Cargill, Inc. Enzymatic modification in a continuously regenerated packed bed column
US7815741B2 (en) 2006-11-03 2010-10-19 Olson David A Reactor pump for catalyzed hydrolytic splitting of cellulose
US7815876B2 (en) * 2006-11-03 2010-10-19 Olson David A Reactor pump for catalyzed hydrolytic splitting of cellulose
US20150353970A1 (en) * 2012-12-31 2015-12-10 Trans Bio-Diesel Ltd. Enzymatic transesterification/esterification processing systems and processes employing lipases immobilzed on hydrophobic resins

Family Cites Families (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL74556C (en) * 1900-01-01
GB864991A (en) * 1957-07-29 1961-04-12 Instituto Nacional Industria Improvements in or relating to the passage of solids between fluidized beds
DE1166158B (en) * 1959-11-09 United Steel Companies Ltd Rust for fluidized bed reactors
US3525590A (en) * 1964-03-03 1970-08-25 Pechiney Saint Gobain Process and apparatus for the preparation of ammonia and chlorine from ammonium chloride
US4016293A (en) * 1972-02-23 1977-04-05 Coughlin Robert W Method of carrying out enzyme catalyzed reactions
US3928143A (en) * 1972-02-23 1975-12-23 Robert W Coughlin Method of carrying out enzyme-catalyzed reactions
US4048018A (en) * 1974-08-05 1977-09-13 Coughlin Robert W Method of carrying out enzyme catalyzed reactions
SE397336B (en) * 1975-02-28 1977-10-31 Arbman Dev Ab Method and device for biological purification of waste vetskeformigt
US4032407A (en) * 1976-02-24 1977-06-28 The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Energy Research & Development Administration Tapered bed bioreactor
US4138290A (en) * 1976-04-22 1979-02-06 Novo Laboratories, Incorporated Glucose isomerization under expanded bed conditions

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
NL7709179A (en) 1979-02-21
DE2835979C2 (en) 1987-08-06
FR2400386A1 (en) 1979-03-16
DE2835979A1 (en) 1979-03-01
GB2003048A (en) 1979-03-07
BE869496A (en) 1979-02-05
GB2003048B (en) 1982-07-21
CA1117043A (en) 1982-01-26
CA1117043A1 (en)
JPS6250113B2 (en) 1987-10-22
FR2400386B1 (en) 1984-11-16
JPS5444088A (en) 1979-04-07
BE869496A2 (en)
CH646195A5 (en) 1984-11-15
DK344378A (en) 1979-02-20
US4209591A (en) 1980-06-24
IT1107204B (en) 1985-11-25

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