IN2008DN03290A - Zeolite-like membranes from nano-zeolitic partticles - Google Patents

Zeolite-like membranes from nano-zeolitic partticles Download PDF

Info

Publication number
IN2008DN03290A
IN2008DN03290A IN3290/DELNP/2008 IN2008DN03290A IN 2008DN03290 A IN2008DN03290 A IN 2008DN03290A IN 2008DN03290 A IN2008DN03290 A IN 2008DN03290A
Authority
IN
India
Prior art keywords
field
membrane
support
building blocks
bit
Prior art date
Application number
IN3290/DELNP/2008
Inventor
Anita Buekenhoudt
Pierre Jacobs
Ivo Vankelecom
Johan Martens
Original Assignee
Vlaamse Instelling Voor Technologisch Onderzoek N.V. [Vito]
K.U Leuven Research & Development
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to EP20050447235 priority Critical
Priority to WO2006BE00117 priority
Priority to EP20060804575 priority
Application filed by Vlaamse Instelling Voor Technologisch Onderzoek N.V. [Vito], K.U Leuven Research & Development filed Critical Vlaamse Instelling Voor Technologisch Onderzoek N.V. [Vito]
Publication of IN2008DN03290A publication Critical patent/IN2008DN03290A/en

Links

Abstract

4

Description

A METHOD AM) APPARATUS FOR UPDATING CONFIGURATION ATTRIBUTES USING FASTREPAGE ATTRIBUTE IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS CLAIM OF PRIORITY UNDER 35 U.S.C. §119

[0001] The present Application fiarPtmnt claims priority to Provisional Application Ser. No. 60/731,126, entitled "METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING MOBILE BROADBAND WIRELESS LOWER MAC, filed October 27, 2005, assigned to the assignee hereof; and expressly incorporated herein by reference BACKGROUND Field

[0002] The present disclosure relates generally to wireless communication and more particularly to method and apparatus for updating configuration attributes by transmitting a FastRepage attribute.

Background

[0003] Wireless communication systems have become a prevalent means by which a majority of people worldwide have come to communicate. Wireless communication devices have become smaller and more powerful in order to meet consumer needs and to improve portability and convenience. The increase in processing power in mobile devices such as cellular telephones has lead to an increase in demands on wireless network transmission systems. Such systems typically are not as easily updated as the cellular devices that communicate there over. As mobile device capabilities expand, it can be difficult to maintain an older wireless network system in a manner that facilitates fully exploiting new and improved wireless device capabilities.

[0004] Wireless communication systems generally utilize different approaches to generate transmission resources in the form of channels. These systems may be code division multiplexing (CDM) systems, frequency division multiplexing (FDM) systems, and time division multiplexing (TDM) systems. One commonly utilized variant of FDM is orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) that effectively partitions the overall system bandwidth into multiple orthogonal subcarriers. These subcarriers may also be referred to as tones, bins, and frequency channels. Each subcarrier can be modulated with data. With time division based techniques, a each subcarrier can comprise a portion of sequential time slices or time slots. Each user may be provided with a one or more time slot and subcarrier combinations for transmitting and receiving information in a defined burst period or frame. The hopping schemes may generally be a symbol rate hopping scheme or a block hopping scheme.

[0005] Code division based techniques typically transmit data over a number of frequencies available at any time in a range. In general, data is digitized and spread over available bandwidth, wherein multiple users can be overlaid on the channel and respective users can be assigned a unique sequence code. Users can transmit in the samewide-band chunk of spectrum, wherein each user's signal is spread over the entire bandwidth by its respective unique spreading code. This technique can provide for sharing, wherein one or more users can concurrently transmit and receive. Such sharing can be achieved through spread spectrum digital modulation, wherein a user's stream of bits is encoded and spread across a very wide channel in a pseudo-random fashion. The receiver is designed to recognize the associated unique sequence code and undo the randomization in order to collect the bits for a particular user in a coherent manner.

[0006] A typical wireless communication network (e.g., employing frequency, time, and/or code division techniques) includes one or more base stations that provide a coverage area and one or more mobile (e.g., wireless) tenninals that can transmit and receive data within the coverage area. A typical base station can simultaneously transmit multiple data streams for broadcast, multicast, and/or unicast services, wherein a data stream is a stream of data that can be of independent reception interest to a mobile terminal. A mobile terminal within the coverage area of that base station can be interested in receiving one, more than one or all the data streams transmitted from the base station. Likewise, a mobile terminal can transmit data to the base station or another mobile terminal. In these systems the bandwidth and other system resources are assigned utilizing a scheduler.

[0007] The signals, signal formats, signal exchanges, methods, processes, and techniques disclosed herein provide several advantages over known approaches. These include, for example, reduced signaling overhead, improved system throughput, increased signaling flexibility, reduced information processing, reduced transmission bandwidth, reduced bit processing, increased robustness, improved efficiency, and reduced transmission power SUMMARY

[0008] The following presents a simplified summary of one or more aspects in order to provide a basic understanding of such aspects. This summary is not an extensive overview of all contemplated aspects, and is intended to neither identify key or critical elements of all aspects nor delineate the scope of any or all aspects. Its sole purpose is to present some concepts of one or more aspects in a simplified form as a prelude to the more detailed description that is presented later.

[0009] According to an embodiment, a method is provided for transmitting a FastRepage attribute comprising generating a FastRepage attribute having an 8 bit Length field wherein the Length field indicates a value of length of the FastRepage attribute in octets excluding the length of Length field, an 8 bit AttributelD field, an 8 bit FastRepageEnabled field wherein the FastRepageEnabled field is set to a value '0x01' to indicate that FastRepage is enabled and a 16 bit FastRepagelnterval field, wherein the FastRepagelnterval field indicates a value of interval at which an access network pages an access terminal when the access network does not receive a response to a page and transmitting the FastRepage attribute over a communication link.

[0010] According to another embodiment, a computer-readable medium is described having a first set of instructions for generating a FastRepage attribute comprising an 8 bit Length field wherein the Length field indicates a value of length of the FastRepage attribute in octets excluding the length of Length field, an 8 bit AttributelD field, an 8 bit FastRepageEnabled field wherein the FastRepageEnabled field is set to a value '0x01' to indicate that FastRepage is enabled and a 16 bit FastRepagelnterval field, wherein the FastRepagelnterval field indicates a value of interval at which an access network pages an access terminal when the access network does not receive a response to a page and a second set of instructions for transmitting the FastRepage attribute over a communication link.

[0011] According to yet another embodiment, an apparatus is described which includes means for generating a FastRepage Attribute comprising an 8 bit Length field wherein the Length field indicates a value of length of the FastRepage attribute in octets excluding the length of Length field, an 8 bit AttributelD field, an 8 bit FastRepageEnabled field wherein the FastRepageEnabled field is set to a value '0x01' to indicate mat FastRepage is enabled and a 16 bit FastRepagelnterval field, wherein the FastRepagelnterval field indicates a value of interval at which an access network pages an access terminal when the access network does not receive a response to a page and means for transmitting the FastRepage attribute over a communication link.

[0012] According to yet another embodiment, a method is provided for receiving a FastRepage Attribute comprising an 8 bit Length field wherein the Length field is interpreted as a value of length of the FastRepage attribute in octets excluding the length of Length field, an 8 bit AttributelD field, an 8 bit FastRepageEnabled field wherein the FastRepageEnabled field is processed as a value '0x01' to interpret that FastRepage is enabled and a 16 bit FastRepagelnterval field, wherein the FastRepagelnterval field is interpreted as a value of interval at which an access network pages an access terminal when the access network does not receive a response to a page and processing the received FastRepage attribute.

[0013] According to another embodiment, a computer-readable medium is described having a first set of instructions for receiving a FastRepage Attribute comprising an 8 bit Length field wherein the Length field is interpreted as a value of length of the FastRepage attribute in octets excluding the length of Length field, an 8 bit AttributelD field, an 8 bit FastRepageEnabled field wherein the FastRepageEnabled field is processed as a value '0x01' to interpret that FastRepage is enabled and a 16 bit FastRepagelnterval field, wherein the FastRepagelhterval field is interpreted as a value of interval at which an access network pages an access terminal when the access network does not receive a response to a page and a second set of instructions for processing the FastRepage attribute.

[0014] According to yet another embodiment, an apparatus is described which includes means for receiving a FastRepage Attribute comprising an 8 bit Length field wherein the Length field is interpreted as a value of length of the FastRepage attribute in octets excluding the length of Length field, an 8 bit AttributelD field, an 8 bit FastRepageEnabled field wherein the FastRepageEnabled field is processed as a value '0x01' to interpret that FastRepage is enabled and a 16 bit FastRepagelnterval field, wherein the FastRepagelnterval field is interpreted as a value of interval at which an access network pages an access terminal when the access network does not receive a response to a page and means for processing the received FastRepage attribute.

[0015] To the accomplishment of the foregoing and related ends, the one or more aspects comprise the features hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in the claims. The following description and the annexed drawings set form in detail certain illustrative aspects of the one or more aspects. These aspects are indicative, however, of but a few of the various ways in which the principles of various aspects may be employed and the described aspects are intended to include all such aspects and their equivalents.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0016] Fig. 1 illustrates aspects of a multiple access wireless communication system.

[0017] Fig. 2 illustrates aspects of a transmitter and receiver in a multiple access wireless communication system.

[0018] Figs. 3 A and 3B illustrate aspects of superframe structures for a multiple access wireless communication system.

[0019] Fig. 4 illustrates aspect of a communication between transceivers..

[0020] Fig. 5 A illustrates a flow diagram of a process by a transceiver.

[0021] Fig. 5B illustrates one or more processors configured for transmitting a FastRepage attribute over a communication link.

[0022] Fig. 6A illustrates a flow diagram of a process by the transceiver..

[0023] Fig. 6B illustrates one or more processors configured for receiving a FastRepage attribute.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0024] Various aspects are now described with reference to the drawings, wherein like reference numerals are used to refer to like elements throughout. In the following description, for purposes of explanation, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of one or more aspects. It may be evident, however, that such aspects) may be practiced without these specific details. In other instances, well-known structures and devices are shown in block diagram form in order to facilitate describing one or more aspects.

[0025] Referring to Fig. 1, a multiple access wireless communication system according to one aspect is illustrated. A multiple access wireless communication system 100 includes multiple cells, e.g. cells 102, 104, and 106. In the aspect of Fig. 1, each cell 102,104, and 106 may include an access point 150 tihat includes multiple sectors. The multiple sectors are formed by groups of antennas each responsible for communication with access terminals in a portion of the cell. In cell 102, antenna groups 112,114, and 116 each correspond to a different sector. In cell 104, antenna groups 118,120, and 122 each correspond to a different sector, hi cell 106, antenna groups 124,126, and 128 each correspond to a different sector.

[0026] Each cell includes several access terminals which are in communication with one or more sectors of each access point. For example, access terminals 130 and 132 are in cornmunication base 142, access terminals 134 and 136 are in communication with access point 144, and access terminals 138 and 140 are in communication with access point 146.

[0027] Controller 130 is coupled to each of the cells 102,104, and 106. Controller 130 may contain one or more connections to multiple networks, e.g. the Internet, other packet based networks, or circuit switched voice networks that provide information to, and from, the access terminals in communication with the cells of the multiple access wireless communication system 100. The controller 130 includes, or is coupled with, a scheduler mat schedules transmission from and to access terminals. In other aspects, the scheduler may reside in each individual cell, each sector of a cell, or a combination thereof.

[0028] As used herein, an access point may be a fixed station used for communicating with the terminals and may also be referred to as, and include some or all the functionality of, a base station, a Node B, or some other terminology. An access terminal may also be referred to as, and include some or all the functionality of, a user equipment (UE), a wireless communication device, terminal, a mobile station or some other terminology.

[0029] It should be noted that while Fig. 1, depicts physical sectors, i.e. having different antenna groups for different sectors, other approaches may be utilized. For example, utilizing multiple fixed "beams" that each cover different areas of the cell in frequency space may be utilized in lieu of, or in combination with physical sectors. Such an approach is depicted and disclosed in co-pending US Patent Application Serial No. 11/260,895, entitled "Adaptive Sectorization in Cellular System."

[0030] Referring to Fig.2, a block diagram of an aspect of a transmitter system 210 and a receiver system 250 in a MIMO system 200 is illustrated. At transmitter system 210, traffic data for a number of data streams is provided from a data source 212 to transmit (TX) data processor 214. In an aspect, each data stream is transmitted over a respective transmit antenna. TX data processor 214 formats, codes, and interleaves the traffic data for each data stream based on a particular coding scheme selected foT that data stream to provide coded data. The transmitter system 210 and the receiver system 250 may be combined to work as a transceiver.

[0031] The coded data for each data stream may be multiplexed with pilot data using OFDM, or other orthogonalization or non-orthogonalization techniques. The pilot data is typically a known data pattern that is processed in a known manner and may be used at the receiver system to estimate the channel response. The multiplexed pilot and coded data for each data stream is then modulated (i.e., symbol mapped) based on one or more particular modulation schemes (e.g., BPSK, QSPK, M-PSK, or M-QAM) selected for that data stream to provide modulation symbols. The data rate, coding, and modulation for each data stream may be detennined by instructions performed on provided by processor 230.

[0032] The modulation symbols for all data streams are then provided to a TX processor 220, which may further process the modulation symbols (e.g., for OFDM). TX processor 220 then provides NT modulation symbol streams to NT transmitters (TMTR) 222a through 222t Each transmitter 222 receives and processes a respective symbol stream to provide one or more analog signals, and further conditions (e.g., amplifies, filters, and upconverts) the analog signals to provide a modulated signal suitable for transmission over the M1MO channel. NT modulated signals from transmitters 222a through 222t are then transmitted from NT antennas 224a through 224t, respectively.

[0033] At receiver system 250, the transmitted modulated signals are received by NR antennas 252a through 252r and the received signal from each antenna 252 is provided to a respective receiver (RCVR) 254. Each receiver 254 conditions (e.g., filters, amplifies, and downconverts) a respective received signal, digitizes the conditioned signal to provide samples, and further processes the samples to provide a corresponding 'deceived" symbol stream.

[0034] An RX data processor 260 then receives and processes the NR received symbol streams from NR receivers 254 based on a particular receiver processing technique to provide NT "detected" symbol stasams. The processing by RX data processor 260 is described in further detail below. Each detected symbol stream includes symbols that are estimates of the modulation symbols transmitted for the corresponding data stream. RX data processor 260 then demodulates, deinterleaves, and decodes each detected symbol stream to recover the traffic data for the data stream. The processing by RX data processor 218 is complementary to that performed by TX processor 220 and TX data processor 214 at transmitter system 210.

[0035] RX data processor 260 may be limited in the number of subcarriers that it may simultaneously demodulate, e.g. 512 subcarriers or 5 MHz, and such a receiver should be scheduled on a single carrier. This limitation may be a function of its FFT range, e.g. sample rates at which the processor 260 may operate, the memory available for FFT, or other functions available for demodulation. Further, the greater the number of subcarriers utilized, the greater the expense of me access terminal.

[0036] The channel response estimate generated by RX processor 260 may be used to perform space, space/time processing at the receiver, adjust power levels, change modulation rates or schemes, or other actions. RX processor 260 may furuier estimate the signal-to-noise-and-interference ratios (SNRs) of the detected symbol streams, and possibly other channel characteristics, and provides these quantities to a processor 270. RX data processor 260 or processor 270 may further derive an estimate of the "operating" SNR for the system. Processor 270 then provides channel state information (CSI), which may comprise various types of information regarding the communication link and/or the received data stream. For example, the CSI may comprise only the operating SNR- In other aspects, the CSI may comprise a channel quality indicator (CQI), which may be a numerical value indicative of one or more channel conditions. The CSI is then processed by a TX data processor 278, modulated by a modulator 280, conditioned by transmitters 254a through 254r, and transmitted back to transmitter system 210.

[0037] At transmitter system 210, the modulated signals from receiver system 250 are received by antennas 224, conditioned by receivers 222, demodulated by a demodulator 240, and processed by a RX data processor 242 to recover the CSI reported by the receiver system. The reported CSI is then provided to processor 230 and used to (1) determine the data rates and coding and modulation schemes to be used for the data streams and (2) generate various controls for TX data processor 214 and TX processor 220. Alternatively, the CSI may be utilized by processor 270 to determine modulation schemes and/or coding rates for transmission, along with other information. This may then be provided to the transmitter which uses this information, which may be quantized, to provide later transmissions to the receiver.

[0038] Processors 230 and 270 direct the operation at the transmitter and receiver systems, respectively. Memories 232 and 272 provide storage for program codes and data used by processors 230 and 270, respectively.

[0039] At the receiver, various processing techniques may be used to process the NR received signals to detect the NT transmitted symbol streams. These receiver processing techniques may be grouped into two primary categories (i) spatial and space- time receiver processing techniques (which are also referred to as equalization techniques); and (ii) "successive nulling/equaUzartion and interference cancellation" receiver processing technique (which is also referred to as "successive interference cancellation" or "successive cancellation" receiver processing technique).

[0040] While Fig. 2 discusses a MIMO system, the same system may be applied to a multi-input single-output system where multiple transmit antennas, e.g. those on a base station, transmit one or more symbol streams to a single antenna device, e.g. a mobile station. Also, a single output to single input antenna system may be utilized in the same manner as described with respect to Fig. 2.

[0041] The transmission techniques described herein may be implemented by various means. For example, these techniques may be implemented in hardware, firmware, software, or a combination thereof. For a hardware implementation, the processing units at a transmitter may be implemented within one or more application specific integrated circuits (ASICs), digital signal processors (DSPs), digital signal processing devices (DSPDs), programmable logic devices (PLDs), field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), processors, controllers, micro-controllers, microprocessors, electronic devices, other electronic units designed to perform the functions described herein, or a combination thereof. The processing units at a receiver may also be implemented within one or more ASICs, DSPs, processors, and so on.

[0042] For a software implementation, me transmission techniques may be implemented wim modules (e.g., procedures, functions, and so on) that perform the functions described herein. The software codes may be stored in a memory (e.g., memory 230,272x or 272y in FIG. 2) and executed by a processor (e.g., processor 232, 270x or 270y). The memory may be implemented within the processor or external to the processor.

[0043] It should be noted that the concept of channels herein refers to information or transmission types that may be transmitted by the access point or access terminal. It does not require or utilize fixed or predetermined blocks of subcarriers, time periods, or other resources dedicated to such transmissions.

[0044] Referring to Figs. 3 A and 3B, aspects of superframe structures for a multiple access wireless communication system are illustrated. Fig. 3 A illustrates aspects of superframe structures for a frequency division duplexed (FDD) multiple access wireless communication system, while Fig. 3B illustrates aspects of superframe structures for a time division duplexed (TDD) multiple access wireless communication system. The superframe preamble may be transmitted separately for each carrier or may span all of the carriers of the sector.

[0045] In both Figs. 3A and 3B, the forward link transmission is divided into units of superframes. A superframe may consist of a superframe preamble followed by a series of frames. In an FDD system, the reverse link and the forward link transmission may occupy different frequency bandwidths so that transmissions on the links do not, or for the most part do not, overlap on any frequency subcarriers. In a TDD system, N forward link frames and M reverse link frames define the number of sequential forward link and reverse link frames that may be continuously transmitted prior to allowing transmission of the opposite type of frame. It should be noted that the number of N and M may be vary within a given superframe or between superframes.

[0046] In both FDD and TDD systems each superframe may comprise a superframe preamble, hi certain aspects, the superframe preamble includes a pilot channel that includes pilots that may be used for channel estimation by access terminals, a broadcast channel that includes configuration information that the access terminal may utilize to demodulate the information contained in the forward link frame.

Further acquisition information such as timing and other information sufficient for an access terminal to communicate on one of the carriers and basic power control or offset information may also be included in the superframe preamble. In other cases, only some of the above and/or other information may be included in mis superframe preamble.

[0047] As shown in Figs. 3 A and 3B, the superframe preamble is followed by a sequence of frames. Each frame may consist of a same or a different number of OFDM symbols, which may constitute a number of subcarriers that may simultaneously utilized for transmission over some defined period. Further, each frame may operate according to a symbol rate hopping mode, where one or more non-contiguous OFDM symbols are assigned to a user on a forward link or reverse \mVj or a block hopping mode, where users hop within a block of OFDM symbols. The actual blocks or OFDM symbols may or may not hop between frames.

[0048] Fig,4 illustrates transmission of a FastRepage message 410 between two transceivers 402 and 404. Using a communication link 406 and based upon predetermined timing, system conditions, or other decision criteria, the transceivers 402 and 404 will update the configuration attributes. The communication link may be implemented, using communication protocols/standards such as World Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX), infrared protocols such as Infrared Data Association (IrDA), short-range wireless protocols/technologies, Bluetooth® technology, ZigBee® protocol, ultra wide band (UWB) protocol, home radio frequency (HomeRF), shared wireless access protocol (SWAP), wideband technology such as a wireless Ethernet compatibility alliance (WECA), wireless fidelity alliance (Wi-Fi Alliance), 802.11 network technology, public switched telephone network technology, public heterogeneous communications network technology such as the Internet, private wireless communications network, land mobile radio network, code division multiple access (CDMA), wideband code division multiple access (WCDMA), universal mobile telecommunications system (UMTS), advanced mobile phone service (AMPS), time division multiple access (TDMA), frequency division multiple access (FDMA), orthogonal frequency division multiple (OFDM), orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA), orthogonal frequency division multiple FLASH (OFDM- FLASH), global system for mobile communications (GSM), single carrier (IX) radio transmission technology (RTT), evolution data only (EV-DO) technology, general packet radio service (GPRS), enhanced data GSM environment (EDGE), high speed downlink data packet access (HSPDA), analog and digital satellite systems, and any other technologies/protocols that may be used in at least one of a wireless communications network and. a data communications network. [00491 The transceiver 402 or 404 is configured to update the configuration attribute by generating a FastRepage message block. The FastRepage block 410 comprises an 8 bit Length field wherein the Length field indicates a value of length of the FastRepage attribute in octets excluding the length of Length field, an 8 bit AttributelD field, an 8 bit FasfRepageEnabled field wherein the FastRepageEnabled field is set to a value '0x01' to indicate that FastRepage is enabled and a 16 bit FastRepagelnterval field, wherein the FastRepagelnterval field indicates a value of interval at which an access network pages an access terminal when the access network does not receive a response to a page and transmitting the FastRepage attribute over a communication link. The transmitting transceiver 402 or 404 may incorporate the FastRepage block message 410 into one or more data packets 412 which are transmitted on a communication link 406. The receiving transceiver receives the FastRepage block and processes it.

[0050] Fig.5A illustrates a flow diagram of process 500, according at an embodiment. At 502, a FastRepage attribute is generated which comprises an 8 bit Length field wherein the Length field indicates a value of length of the FastRepage attribute in octets excluding the length of Length field, an 8 bit AttributelD field, an 8 bit FastRepageEnabled field wherein the FastRepageEnabled field is set to a value '0x01' to indicate that FastRepage is enabled and a 16 bit FastRepagelnterval field, wherein the FastRepagelhterval field indicates a value of interval at which an access network pages an access terminal when the access network does not receive a response to a page and at 504, the FastRepage attribute.is transmitted over a communication link.

[0051] Fig. 5B illustrates a processor 550 for transmitting a FastRepage attribute.

The processors referred to may be electronic devices and may comprise one or more processors configured for transmitting the attribute according to the embodiment A processor 552 is configured for generating a FastRepage message block which comprises an 8 bit Length field wherein the Length field indicates a value of length of the FastRepage attribute in octets excluding the length of Length field, an 8 bit AttributelD field, an 8 bit FastRepageEnabled field wherein the FastRepageEnabled field is set to a value '0x01' to indicate that FastRepage is enabled and a 16 bit FastRepagelnterval field, wherein the FastRepagelnterval field indicates a value of interval at which an access network pages an access terminal when the access network does not receive a response to a page and a processor 554 is configured for transmitting the FastRepage attribute over a communication hnk. The functionality of the discrete processors 552 to 554 depicted in the figure maybe combined into a single processor 556. A memory 558 is also coupled to the processor 556.

[0052] In an embodiment, an apparatus is described which includes means for generating a FastRepage Attribute comprising an 8 bit Length field wherein the Length field indicates a value of length of the FastRepage attribute in octets excluding the length of Length field, an 8 bit AttributelD field, an 8 bit FastRepageEnabled field wherein the FastRepageEnabled field is set to a value '0x01' to indicate that FastRepage is enabled and a 16 bit FastRepagelnterval field, wherein the FastRepagelhterval field wherein the FastRepagelnterval field is interpreted as a value of interval at which an access network pages an access terminal when the access network does not receive a response to a page and a means is provided for processing the received FastRepage attribute. The means described herein may comprise one or more processors.

[0056] Furthermore, embodiments may be implemented by hardware, software, firmware, middleware, microcode, or any combination thereof. When implemented in software, firmware, middleware or microcode, me program code or code segments to perform the necessary tasks may be stored in a machine readable medium such as a separate storage(s) not shown. A processor may perform the necessary tasks. A code segment may lepiesent a procedure, a function, a subprogram, a program, a routine, a subroutine, a module, a software package, a class, or any combination of instructions, data structures, or program statements. A code segment may be coupled to another code segment or a hardware circuit by passing and/or receiving information, data, arguments, parameters, or memory contents. Information, arguments,.parameters, data, etc. may be passed, forwarded, or transmitted via any suitable means including memory sharing, message passing, token passing, network transmission, etc.

[0057] Various modifications to these aspects will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other aspects. Thus, the description is not intended to be limited to the aspects shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein. indicates a value of interval at which an access network pages an access terminal when the access network does not receive a response to a page and a means is provided for transmitting the FastRepage attribute over a communication link. The means described herein may comprise one or more processors.

[0053] Fig.6A illustrates a flow diagram of process 600, according to another embodiment At 502, a FastRepage attribute is received which comprises an 8 bit Length field wherein the Length field is interpreted as a value of length of the FastRepage attribute in octets excluding the length of Length field, an 8 bit AttributelD field, an 8 bit FastRepageEnabled field wherein the FastRepageEnabled field is processed as a value '0x01' to interpret that FastRepage is enabled and a 16 bit FastRepagelhterval field, wherein the FastRepagelnterval field is interpreted as a value of interval at which an access network pages an access terminal when the access network does not receive a response to a page and at 504, the FastRepage attribute is processed.

[0054] Fig. 6B illustrates a processor 650 for receiving a FastRepage attribute The processors referred to may be electronic devices and may comprise one or more processors configured for receiving the attribute according to the embodiment. A processor 652 is configured for receiving a FastRepage message block which comprises an 8 bit Length field wherein the Length field is interpreted as a value of length of the FastRepage attribute in octets excluding the length of Length field, an 8 bit AttributelD field, an 8 bit FastRepageEnabled field wherein the FastRepageEnabled field is processed as a value '0x01' to interpret that FastRepage is enabled and a 16 bit FastRepagelnterval field, wherein the FastRepagelnterval field is interpreted as a value of interval at which an access network pages an access terminal when the access network does not receive a response to a page and a processor 654 is configured for processing the received FastRepage attribute. The functionality of the discrete processors 652 to 654 depicted in the figure may be combined into a single processor 656. A memory 658 is also coupled to the processor 656.

[0055] In an embodiment, an apparatus is described which includes means for receiving the FastRepage message block comprising an 8 bit Length field wherein the Length field is interpreted as a value of length of the FastRepage attribute in octets excluding the length of Length field, an 8 bit AttributelD field, an 8 bit FastRepageEnabled field wherein the FastRepageEnabled field is processed as a value '0x01' to interpret mat FastRepage is enabled and a 16 bit FastRepagelnterval field,

Claims (12)

  1. A silicate-based microporous ceramic molecular sieve membrane with zeolite-like properties, the membrane comprising a support and a membrane layer coated on a surface of said support, and wherein said membrane layer comprises nanometre-sized slab-shaped building blocks having zeolite framework.
  2. 2. The membrane according to claim 1, wherein said building blocks are arranged in a layered stack on said surface.
  3. 3. The membrane according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the membrane layer comprises super-micropores in between the building blocks and the building blocks comprise zeolite-like micropores.
  4. 4. The membrane according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the building blocks have a size smaller than 10 nanometre.
  5. 5. A method of coating a silicate-based layer onto a support, the method comprising the steps of : a. mixing a solution comprising nanometre-sized slab-shaped building blocks having zeolite framework and an appropriate surfactant, b. coating the support with this mixture, the concentration of said surfactant in said mixture during coating lying in the range between 0.01 and 1 wt %, c. drying and calcining the coated support.
  6. 6. The method according to claim 5, further comprising the step of ageing said mixture, said ageing step to be performed between steps a and b.
  7. 7. The method according to claim 6, wherein said ageing step lasts between 1 hour and 3 0 days.
  8. 8. The method according to claim 6 or 7, wherein the ageing step comprises the step of diluting said mixture.
  9. 9. The method according to any one of the W claims 5 to 8, further comprising the step of subjecting the support to a pre-treatment.
  10. 10. The method according to any one of the claims 5 to 9, wherein said building blocks have a size smaller than 10 nm.
  11. 11. A silicate-based microporous ceramic molecular sieve membrane with zeolite-like properties substantially as herein described with reference to forgoing examples and as illustrated in the accompanying figures.
  12. 12. A method of coating a silicate-based layer onto a support substantially as herein described with reference to forgoing examples and as illustrated in the accompanying figures.
IN3290/DELNP/2008 2005-10-19 2008-04-21 Zeolite-like membranes from nano-zeolitic partticles IN2008DN03290A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP20050447235 2005-10-19
WO2006BE00117 2006-10-19
EP20060804575 2006-10-19

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
IN2008DN03290A true IN2008DN03290A (en) 2008-07-25

Family

ID=

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
KR100942403B1 (en) A method and apparatus for transmitting and receiving an accessparameters group message in a wireless communication system
JP4814332B2 (en) How to handle supplemental assignment and non supplemental assignments and device
KR100977429B1 (en) A method and apparatus for transmitting and receiving a timing correction message in a wireless communication system
WO2007051030A1 (en) A method and apparatus for transmitting and receiving an uatiassignment message in wireless communication system
WO2008054381A1 (en) A method of requesting connection on a channel in wireless communication systems
IN2008DN03290A (en) Zeolite-like membranes from nano-zeolitic partticles