HU9901017A2 - Disposable diaper önrögzítő - Google Patents

Disposable diaper önrögzítő Download PDF

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Publication number
HU9901017A2
HU9901017A2 HU9901017A HU9901017A HU9901017A2 HU 9901017 A2 HU9901017 A2 HU 9901017A2 HU 9901017 A HU9901017 A HU 9901017A HU 9901017 A HU9901017 A HU 9901017A HU 9901017 A2 HU9901017 A2 HU 9901017A2
Authority
HU
Hungary
Prior art keywords
plate
portion
belt
front
layer
Prior art date
Application number
HU9901017A
Other languages
Hungarian (hu)
Other versions
HU9901017A3 (en
Inventor
Kenneth Barclay Buell
Edward Paul Carlin
Original Assignee
The Procter & Gamble Co.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US08/605,605 priority Critical patent/US5685874A/en
Application filed by The Procter & Gamble Co. filed Critical The Procter & Gamble Co.
Publication of HU9901017A2 publication Critical patent/HU9901017A2/en
Publication of HU9901017A3 publication Critical patent/HU9901017A3/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/45Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the shape
    • A61F13/49Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers
    • A61F13/494Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers characterised by edge leakage prevention means
    • A61F13/49406Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers characterised by edge leakage prevention means the edge leakage prevention means being at the crotch region
    • A61F13/49413Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers characterised by edge leakage prevention means the edge leakage prevention means being at the crotch region the edge leakage prevention means being an upstanding barrier
    • A61F13/4942Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers characterised by edge leakage prevention means the edge leakage prevention means being at the crotch region the edge leakage prevention means being an upstanding barrier the barrier not being integral with the top- or back-sheet
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/45Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the shape
    • A61F13/49Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers
    • A61F13/49007Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers
    • A61F13/49009Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers with elastic means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/45Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the shape
    • A61F13/49Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers
    • A61F13/49007Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers
    • A61F13/49009Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers with elastic means
    • A61F13/49011Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers with elastic means the elastic means is located at the waist region
    • A61F13/49012Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers with elastic means the elastic means is located at the waist region the elastic means being elastic panels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/45Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the shape
    • A61F13/49Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers
    • A61F13/49007Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers
    • A61F13/49009Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers with elastic means
    • A61F13/49014Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers with elastic means the elastic means is located at the side panels
    • A61F13/49015Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers with elastic means the elastic means is located at the side panels the elastic means being elastic panels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/45Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the shape
    • A61F13/49Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers
    • A61F13/496Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers in the form of pants or briefs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/45Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the shape
    • A61F13/49Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers
    • A61F13/496Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers in the form of pants or briefs
    • A61F13/4963Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers in the form of pants or briefs characterized by the seam

Abstract

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a single, self-adhesive self-fastening piece, a single diaphragm, comprising a base plate which is a knife plate and which has a front portion having an end edge, a bracket edge, a circumferential edge, a mid-plate containing a center plate of a belt plate, its slats, which protrude from the medial plate in the direction of the shoulder, and a seam plate extending from the shoulder to the base of the bracket, - a rear portion facing the front portion and having an end edge, a shoulder edge, a circumferential edge, an intervertebral disc comprising a shoulder plate and a center plate, its shoulder tabs extending outwardly from said post-plain plate outwardly of said slab and slidably extending outwardly from said shoulder, and a portion between said front and rear portions. The front and back sockets of the diaper cover overlap each other and are interrupted by intermittent sashes in a separate position from one another. The seam is ordered by individual joints in pipe shafts. The non-secured area ratio between pipe shafts is about 20-65% of the weld hero. The inventive self-fastening pieces of self-fastening according to the invention are distinguished by their excellent ventilation. ŕ

Description

COPIES

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a single disposable, self-fastening garment, a diaper pants comprising a base plate, which is a continuous plate and having a front portion having an end edge, lateral edge, thigh edges, a central plate containing a belt plate and a center plate, side panels extending laterally outward from the central plate and a seam plate extending laterally outwardly from the side panel;

- a rear portion facing the front portion having a end edge, lateral edge, thigh edges, a central plate comprising a belt plate and a center plate, laterally extending outwardly from said central plate and a seam plate which extends laterally outwardly from the side panel; and - a portion of the thigh between the front and back portions.

The front and back seam sheets of the diaper overlap and the interlocking seams are fixed to each other in a separate position. The seams are made up of individual joints arranged in groups. The ratio of the unmounted area between groups is about 20 to 65% of the length of the suture. The disposable self-fastening garments of the present invention exhibit excellent ventilation.

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H-1062 Budapest. Andras j ^ l. \ 3

Phone: 34-24-950. Fax: 34-24-323

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66. 479 / BE

Disposable self-locking diapers

The present invention relates to disposable, self-fastening garments which are obtained by inserting the wearer's legs in the thigh slots to place the garment in place on the lower body side. Examples of such disposable, self-locking garments are disposable underpants, diapers, training pants and disposable trousers used to hold the menstrual period. More specifically, the present invention relates to uniform, disposable, absorbent, self-fastening garments, such as diapers, training pants, incontinent, self-fastening underpants and the like, which provide improved wearer comfort, increased anti-seizure protection and long-lasting dynamic fit.

Small children and other incontinent individuals wear disposable absorbent articles, such as diapers, to hold and store urine and other selection products. Absorbent garments with fixed sides (such as training pants or diapers) have become popular for children who are already able to walk and are often in the habit of being accustomed to the bill. In order to accommodate the selection products and to accommodate a wide variety of body sizes and shapes, these trousers must fit smoothly over the waist and thighs of the wearer without hanging, gaping, or slipping from the forearm position, and must fit the larger size. wearers without irritating the skin, which is too tight. Therefore, the pants should be elasticly stretchable on the waist and thighs at the elastic parts that provide high tension.

In many training pants and self-fastening diapers, standard elastic elements are used, which are fastened flexibly in the waist and thighs. In order to ensure a fully elastic fit around the thighs and waist, typically, as is customary in long-lasting undergarments, the thigh openings and the waist opening are surrounded by an elasticized rubber or other material strip along the opening curvature. placed.

These trousers are typically referred to as "balloon-type pants due to contractions caused by the elastic strips in a specific area of the product, while the rest of their material is inflated.

Such training pants are US

Examples 5.171.239 and 4.610.681.

Although these trousers make it possible to fit a variety of waist-size fits to fit the wearers of different sizes by stretching the flexibly stretchable openings, these products still fit within limited size limits because the elastic members are in a constricted state and are not high degree of tension. In addition, the thin elastic bands in the waist and thigh slots concentrate the "fit force in a thin strip on the wearer's body, which results in a more frequent occurrence of red stripes on the wearer. Furthermore, the sides and the rest of the product are typically not elastic, which reduces the fit.

66.479 / BE ι

To overcome these shortcomings of balloon-type trousers, some manufacturers have placed flexible fibers on the entire front and back of the product. For example, WO 93/17648 discloses a panty-type diaper whose elastic and / or posterior portions are elastic and the ends of the absorbent core are located in these areas. These additional elastic fibers contract the entire front and back waist of the trousers, including the ends of the absorbent core. This allows for increased expansion of the product in the waist, but collects the absorbent core and keeps it in a knot in the waist opening. This constriction and clumping is associated with an increased risk of wheezing at the waist, as channels are formed along the absorbent core, allowing the release products to leak or leak out of the waist. The crumbling of the absorbent core also affects the appearance of the product, as such a product is less appealing than balloon-type pants.

Another type of trousers is described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,940,464, wherein the panty garment is formed by reinforcing discrete, extensible elements to the side edges of the garment head. These extensible elements allow the article to fit into different sizes because the extensible elements extend to the size of the wearer. However, the main problem with the product is the reinforcement of the extensible elements to the main part and its manufacturing process. The seams must be extremely strong and able to withstand the forces of use during use and use. One trousers for great forces and .479 / BE <

• ·· ·

exposed to stresses during use, which may cause the side panels to detach or fall off the main part. Furthermore, these separated, extensible elements are very difficult to handle during manufacture, and this increases the cost of pants for the consumer. The seams on the main part also tend to concentrate the joining forces on the upper and lower parts of the product, resulting in increased tearing of the seams and a minor fit of the garment.

U.S. Pat. No. 5,246,433 describes a panty which has elastic extending, layered side panels, and a flexible belt portion and thigh straps. The elastically stretchable layered material in the side panels provides elastic extensibility to the sides of the product, making the pants more comfortable for the wearer. Flexible stretchable sheets are standardized with the rest of the trousers, eliminating the disadvantage of separate elastic stretchable sheet elements for other pants and improving the fit beyond conventional balloon-type pants. However, these trousers have the disadvantage that the side panels are not stretchable enough to be easily pulled by the wearer. The resiliently stretchable layer material disclosed in the above description has only limited elastic extensibility. In addition, materials used for the production of laminated sheets may be wrinkled and wrinkled during processing, resulting in the product being discarded at the manufacturer.

Another drawback of all these products is the breathability of the product. The trousers are typically foils66.479 / BE

J.

or from foams, which precludes the breathability of such products. Lack of breathability can cause the wearer to feel hot.

Thus, it is an object of the present invention to provide a disposable, self-fastening garment that can be extensively stretched to suit the wearer comfortably across a wide range of dimensions.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a disposable, self-fastening garment having front and rear portions secured with breathable seams.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a disposable self-fastening garment which is highly breathable at least at the side panels and more preferably at the belt portion to allow the vapor to pass so that the garment is not hot and stuffy.

The disposable self-fastening garments of the present invention are preferably single disposable absorbent garments, such as diapers or training pants, which are able to withstand the forces of wear, while their production is relatively simple and economical. In a preferred embodiment, the self-securing garment is provided with a continuous belt at the front and rear portion to distribute the forces generated during wear to better accommodate the self-locking garment on the wearer. The continuous belt has a central plate consisting of a resiliently stretchable belt section and an unrelated center plate, extensible side panels on both sides of the central plate, and the edge plates so that the sides and upper middle waist of the garment make it easy to stretch. recording, move with the wearer in use, maintain ru66.479 / BE ·· · · · · · · · · · · · ·

I

• · · · · ··· · The fit of the arm piece during use and the absorbent core close to the body to better store the evacuated selection products, but the absorbent core is not secured in such a way as to increase the likelihood of littering. In a particularly preferred embodiment, the self-fastening garment is not uncomfortable for the wearer because it is provided with a device that allows the vapor to pass through apertures or pores or to use a breathable material to make the garment.

In a particularly preferred embodiment, the self-fastening garment comprises a base plate formed by a continuous plate defining the front portion, the rear portion and the thigh portion; a first belt layer attached to the base plate in the front section; a second belt layer attached to the base plate in the rear portion; and resiliently extensible sheet members disposed between the belt layers and the base plate, the layered material of which is mechanically creped to form the resiliently extensible layer material at both the front and back portions of the side panels; and intermittent overlapping seams that attach the front portion to the rear portion to form the thigh slots and the waist opening. The dashed overlapping seams fix the front part to the rear to have a certain distance between them, thus creating breathable seams allowing the passage of the vapor. Continuous base plate and belt layers, in conjunction with other elements, form a continuous belt of self-fastening garment. Since the belt layers are continuously extending laterally through the waist and do not cover the entire thigh, and after the base plate is visible66.479 / BE

I · ···· ·· · · * · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · >> over the thigh between , the self-fastening garment has a unique aesthetic appearance, because the consumer has a textile-like feel at the waist and has better storage characteristics in the thigh section. The self-fastening garment preferably further comprises an elastic waistband and elastic bands, more preferably an absorbent unit, such as a topsheet and an absorbent core for storing the selection products, and most preferably perforations and apertures at least on the side panels to enhance the breathability of the self-locking garment.

Although the specification ending with the claims clearly points out and clearly describes the subject matter to which the invention relates, it is believed that the present invention will be more readily apparent from the following description, which is linked to the accompanying drawings, in which similar designations are used to denote substantially identical elements and which They are as follows:

Figure 1. A disposable self-fastening garment according to the invention is a perspective view of a typical in-use configuration.

1A. figure. A simplified plan view of the self-fastening garment according to the invention is in a smooth, non-constricted state, which shows the various plates and fields of the garment.

Figure 2. A plan view of the self-fastening garment of the present invention is in a flat, non-constricted state, with the outer surface showing visible slits to illustrate the underlying structure.

Figure 3. Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view of the self-fastening garment shown in Figure 2, line 3-3.

Figure 4. The look of the self-fastening garment according to the invention, in a smooth, not contracted state, with the inner surface visible

66.479 / BE • · «· Cut out slits to show the underlying structure.

Figure 5. A cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the self-fastening garment according to the invention is provided.

Figure 6. A further cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the self-fastening garment according to the invention is provided.

Figure 7. A further cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the self-fastening garment according to the invention is provided.

Figure 8. The self-fastening garment of the present invention is a fragmentary cross-sectional view of another elastic part of the thigh portion.

8A. figure. Fig. 8 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view of the elastic portion at the front.

Figure 9. A plan view of another embodiment of the present invention wherein the base plate is "windowed to enhance the breathability of the self-fastening garment at the belt plate.

Figure 10. A further cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the self-fastening garment according to the invention is provided.

Figure 11. A plan view of the seam pattern of the present invention.

Figure 12. A tension / contraction curve of a 25.4 mm wide sample of a particularly preferred stretchable material for use as a resilient sheet member in the flexible layers of the present invention.

Figure 13. Tensile / contraction curves of a 25.4 mm wide sample without elongate openings according to the invention (elongation and contraction curves).

66.479 / BE • · «· · · ····

Figure 14. Figure 13 is a tension / contraction curve of a 25.4 mm wide sample of the elastic layer illustrated in FIG.

In the present invention, the term "self-fastening garment" refers to garments having a defined waist opening and a pair of leg holes, which are pulled on the wearer's body to fit the legs into the thigh slots and pull the article up to the waist. The term "disposable word is used to denote garments that are not intended to be washed or otherwise restored and used as a garment (i.e. intended to be disposed of after one use and preferably recycled, composted, or other environmentally friendly). destroyed properly). The "uniform self-fastening garment is a self-fastening garment that is formed by combining separate parts into a single whole.

The self-fastening garment is also preferably "absorbent to absorb and store the various excretory products leaving the body. A preferred embodiment of the self-fastening garment according to the invention is the uniform, disposable, absorbent, self-fastening garment, diaper 20 shown in Figure 1. The name "diapers" is the name of self-fastening garments commonly used by infants and other incontinent persons to absorb and store urine and feces. It will be appreciated, however, that the present invention may also be applied to other self-fastening garments such as training pants, incontinent pantyhose, women's health garments and the like.

66.479 / BE • ·· ·

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a diaper 20 according to the invention. The diaper 20 has an outer surface 22, an inner surface 24 facing the outer surface 22, a front portion 26, a rear portion 28, a portion of the thigh 30, and a seam 32 extending from the front portion 26 and the front 28 the rear part is reinforced to form the thigh openings 34 and the waist opening 36. A continuous belt 38 is formed around the waist opening 36. The continuous belt 38 dynamically generates matching forces and distributes the dynamically generated forces, so that the diaper 20 preferably comprises a base plate 40; a first belt layer 42; a second belt layer 44; an elastically extensible, creped laminate sheet on both sides of the front portion 26, the front, creped layer 46; an elastically extensible, creped laminated sheet in both sides of the back portion 28, the rear creped layer 48; and a flexible waist portion 50 in both the front and back portions 26. The diaper 20 further includes the elastic bands 52. (In another embodiment, the perforations or apertures - not shown in the figure - are most preferably at the side panels of the diaper 20 to provide breathability and ventilation.) Since the front belt layer 42 and the rear belt layer 44 (the belt sections) are preferably non-woven on a fabric and the base plate 40 is preferably made of a plastic film, the diaper 20 has a uniquely aesthetic appearance and provides both clothing and wearers with clothing-like comfort and feel at the waist, while having a noticeably better storage capacity between the thighs.

66.479 / BE • * <· «I» · '. : .. · .. · · · ·· ·· * · U · · · * * · * · · · ·· «· <, partly.

1A. Fig. 1 shows a simplified view of the diaper 20 of the diaper shown in Fig. 1 in a smoothed, non-contracted state, showing the various plates and their relative positions. The word "plate" is used to denote areas or elements of diapers or belts. (Although a disc is typically a delimited area or element, it may coincide, i.e., it may have a functional interaction with an adjacent plate.) The diaper 20 has a portion between the thighs 30 that includes a main plate 56 and a pair of thighs 58; a front portion 26 comprising a central plate consisting of a belt 60 and a central plate 62; 64 side plates and 66 seam plates; and a rear portion 28 comprising a central plate comprised of a 60 'plate and a middle plate 62'; 64 'side plates and 66' seam plates. The part between the thighs 30 is that part of the diaper 20 from which the continuous belt (the other plates) starts. Generally, the absorbent core is disposed in the main plate 56, as the selection products typically appear in this area, although the absorbent core typically extends into the middle plates of the belt 62 and 62 '. Usually, the thigh plate plates 58 extend laterally outwardly from both side edges 68 of the main plate 56 and run along them. Generally, both of the thighbone plates 58 are at least a portion of the elastic bands. The continuous belt (the front portion 26 and the rear portion 28) generally extends longitudinally outwardly from the side edges 69 of the thigh 30 along their entire length (along the main plate 56 and the thighbone plates 58). In FIG

66.479 / BE in the front part, the central plate 62 of the central plate generally extends longitudinally outwardly from the side edge 69 of the thigh 30 along its length. The belt 60 generally extends longitudinally outwardly from the central plate 62 thereon. The side panels 64 generally extend laterally outward from the central plate along it. The seam plates 66 generally extend laterally outward along the respective side plates 64. In the rear portion 28, the central plate 62 'of the central plate generally extends longitudinally outwardly from the side edge 69 of the thigh portion 30 along its length. The belt 60 'generally extends longitudinally outwardly from the central plate 62' along it. The side panels 64 'generally extend laterally outward from the central plate along it. The seam plates 66 'generally extend laterally outward from the respective side panels 64' along them. The front portion 26 has, in addition to its plates, an end edge 70, a femoral edge 71 and a side edge 72. The rear portion 28, in addition to its plates, also has an end edge 70 ', a leg' 71 'and a side edge 72'. The thigh 30 has thigh edges 74.

Fig. 2 is a plan view of a partially cut-off plan view of the diaper 20 of Fig. 1 in a smoothed, non-constricted state (i.e., the contraction resulting from elasticity is extended, except for the side panels 64, where the creped, laminated sheets - the front creped, laminated sheets 46 and 48 rear creped, laminated sheets are shown in a constricted state with the outer surface 22 facing the observer before the front portion 26 and the rear portion 28 are secured to each other by the seams 32. The outer surface 22 of the diaper 20 includes the parts that have been used as a / g / s. · · ··················· · · · ··· ·· · · ··· ·· · · ··· · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · When placed on the body of the wearer during outage. In the embodiment shown here, the outer surface 22 of the diaper 20 comprises a first belt layer 42 in the front portion 26, a second belt layer 44 in the rear portion 28 and a base plate 40 in the portion 30 between the thigh. (The inner surface of the diaper 24 is opposite to the outer surface 22 and includes portions adjacent to the wearer's body during use.)

In the embodiment shown in Figure 2, the base plate 40 preferably consists of a continuous sheet or web comprising a portion between the front portion 26, the rear portion 28 and the thigh 30. Thus, the base plate 40 is the primary layer of diaper pants. (The term "layer word" refers not only to elements consisting of a single layer of material, but also to laminates and sheets or webs of the desired type of material.) The base plate 40 has an inner surface 76 (not shown in FIG. outer surface. The orientation of the inner surface 76 and outer surface 77 of the base plate 40 corresponds to the inner surface 24 and outer surface 22 of the diaper 20. Since the base plate 40 preferably defines the front portion 26, the rear portion 28 and the thigh 30, the base plate 40 also has the areas and plates defined above. (For the sake of simplicity, these areas and plates are represented by the same reference numerals as the corresponding areas and plates of the diaper shown in Figure 1A.) The first belt layer 42 is located on the outer surface 77 of the base plate 40, the front portion 26, and laterally. continuously extends through the front 26 from one side edge 72 to the other side edge 72 and length 66.479 / BE · · ·

in the direction from the end 70 to at least the thigh 71. The first belt layer 42 is preferably attached to the base plate 40. The second belt layer 44 is located on the outer surface 77 of the base plate 40, the rear portion 28, and extends continuously transversely through the rear portion 28 from one side edge 71 'to the other side 72' and from the ends 70 'to at least 71'. The second belt layer 44 is preferably attached to the base plate 40. Thus, the belt layers together with the base plate 40 form a continuous belt (as shown in Figure 1) around the wearer's waist. As will be explained later, this belt has various elastic extensibility characteristics in different fields to enhance the fit and storage of the diaper 20.

In the side panels, both the front part 26 and the rear part 28 are elastic stretchable creped sheets (the front creped, layered sheets 46 and the rear creped, laminated sheets 48). Each of the front creped 46 layered sheets comprises at least the portion of the first belt layer 42 in the side panels and an elastically extensible sheet member 78 attached to the former, and in this particular embodiment also the portion of the base plate 40 forming the side panel. The resiliently extending plate member 78 is preferably disposed between the base plate 40 and the first belt layer 42, and more preferably extends longitudinally from the ends 70, most preferably from the femur 71. Each rear crepe 48 is provided with at least a portion of the rear panel layer side panels and an elastically extensible plate member 78 'attached to the former, and also a portion of the base plate 40 forming the side panel in this particular embodiment. A 78 'ru66. 479 / BE • ·

the galvanically extendable sheet member is preferably positioned between the base plate 40 and the second belt layer 44, and more preferably from the ends 70 ', most preferably from the femur 71'. In the diaper pants shown in Figure 2, the creped laminated sheets preferably further comprise a portion of the topsheet 80 (the sealing layer) in the side panel. Creped, laminated sheets are mechanically creped or wrinkled (denoted by compression lines), allowing the creped, laminated sheet to be stretched at least laterally. (The lateral direction - X-direction or width - the direction parallel to the transverse centerline of the diapers; the longitudinal direction - the direction or the length - is the direction parallel to the longitudinal centreline of the diapers; the axial direction - the Z-direction or the thickness - is that direction that travels through the diapers.)

A resiliently extending waist portion 50 is provided in the front panel, the rear portion 28, or preferably the front portion 26 and the rear portion 28 of the web. The elastically extensible waist portion 50 provides a resiliently extensible member, preferably a wrinkled, flexibly constricting member to dynamically fit and conform to the wearer's waist at the central plate. In the illustrated embodiment, the elastically extensible waist portion 50 is preferably a uniform waist closure belt 82 operably attached to the belt member in a resiliently extensible condition, preferably to the primary layer of the topsheet 80. The single waistband belt 82 acts as a barrier against the leakage of the selection products at the waist opening of the diaper 20 and as well as

66.479 / BE • · *

a contraceptive belt belt, ensures that the diaper 20 fits the wearer's waist. In the most preferred embodiments, the uniform waist closure belt is also breathable to allow the water vapor to pass from the diaper to the waist opening.

The diaper 20 also has 52 elastic compartments that improve the fit to the thighs at the thigh 30. The diaper 20 further includes a topsheet 80 and an absorbent core 84 disposed between the topsheet 80 and the base plate 40 to form the absorbent unit that stores the selection products in collaboration with the continuous belt. Pores or openings (not shown) may also be located on the side panels to provide breathability or ventilation.

FIG. 3 is a perspective cross-sectional view of the diaper pants 20 of the present invention at line 3-3 of FIG. As can be seen, the base plate 40 forms the primary layer of the diaper 20 and has an inner surface 76 and an outer surface 77. The first belt layer 42 is located on the outer surface 77 of the base plate 40 and forms the outer surface 22 of the diaper 20 in the front portion 26. Preferably, the flexible sheet members 78 are disposed between the first belt layer 42 and the base plate 40. The topsheet 80 is on the inner surface 76 of the base plate 40 and is attached thereto.

The topsheet 80 preferably comprises a liquid impervious primary layer 86 and two sealing layers 88. The sealing layers 88 extend laterally outward from the primary layer 86 to the side edges 72. Both sealing layers 88 have a cam portion 90 and an upright portion 92. The 92 uprights are not the 86 primary layers66.479 / BE • · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · Connected to allow the elastic force of the elastic intermediate element (s) 94 to be positioned on the surface of the primary layer 86 to form a barrier or wall during use. The crank member 90 extends laterally outward from the upright portion 92 (the proximal edge) to the side edge 72. The absorbent core 84 is preferably located between the primary layer 86 and the base plate 40. The structure of the rear part 28 is preferably the same as that of the front part 26.

Figure 4 is a partially cut-away plan view of the diaper pants 20 of the present invention, in a smoothed, non-contracted state (i.e., the elasticity-induced contraction is stretched except for the side panels where the creped, laminated sheets are in a constricted state), wherein the diaper pants 24 are inner the surface is facing the viewer and the front portion 26 and the rear portion 28 are not yet welded together. In order to provide the absorbency required for the storage of the selection products, the diaper pad 20 includes a liquid permeable topsheet 80 and an absorbent core 84 disposed between the topsheet 80 and the base plate 40. In the embodiment shown in Figure 4, the topsheet 80 preferably comprises three separate, reinforced layers. A liquid-permeable primary layer 86 is disposed above the absorbent core 84 so that liquids are rapidly absorbed into the product. The primary layer 86 is secured with sealing layers 88, which are preferably stretchable, more preferably hydrophobic, and allow for mechanical elongation of the side panels without tearing when the closure cuffs are formed along the sides of the diaper 20.

. 479 / BE

The barrier layers 88 have a crank member 90 and a channel or a 92 upright member which form different elements of the flexible part 52. The elastic members 52 preferably comprise a sealing cuff and a closing cuff. The sealing cuff is preferably formed by one or more elastic elastic members 96 operably attached to the base member 40, to the barrier layer 88, or both, preferably between the base plate 90 and the closure portion 90 of the barrier layer 88, at the thigh tab portion of the thigh 30. Preferably, the closure cuff is formed by a sleeve (the upright portion 92 of the barrier layer 88), the fastening members 98 for attaching the longitudinal ends of the upright portion 92 to the primary layer 86, and an elastic intermediate member 94 operably attached to the upright portion 92 to be attached.

As shown in FIG. 1 to 3, a continuous belt 38 is formed around the waist opening 36. This belt 38 creates dynamic matching forces in the diaper when placed on the wearer to maintain the diaper wearer on the wearer even if it is filled with selection products to keep the absorbent core close to the wearer and disperse the dynamic forces which are formed around the waist during wear, thereby providing an additional support for the absorbent core without crumpling or collapsing at the center plate of the diaper. The belt is designed to be elasticly stretchable in certain sections and at least resiliently stretchable, preferably resiliently concave in other sections at the waist opening, and can be flexibly stretched.

66.479 / BE • · .1

in a portion of the femoral apertures and not to wrinkle or clump at the center plate where the absorbent core is disposed. The elastic extensibility of the belt also has a "force / elongation wall beyond which the belt will not flex flexibly to allow the diaper pants to be dispensed much more easily because the diaper pants will not be overstretched and more easily slid onto the bottom. This force / elongation wall is especially important for young children who take the product themselves and are unable to pull a fully tensioned product perfectly on their bottoms and in place. This belt also handles wear tensions better than the webbing around the absorbent core. The diapers made in this way fit in a less bulky way to the wearer's waist. The fact that the belt is not wrinkled or stretched over the absorbent core, in conjunction with the continuity of the belt around the absorbent core, also provides enhanced fit by waking a constant force from the circular stresses in the belt, and this absorbent core tightens the wearer's body during use. Thus, the absorbent core will remain in place more tightly, more comfortably, and to a lesser extent than in the diapers where elastic contraction or wrinkling occurs over the absorbent core or in which there is no belt that would concentrate and distribute the circular stresses in the area of the absorbent core around.

As shown in FIG. 1, the belt 38 includes a central plate in each of the front portions 26 and the rear part 28, which consist of a belt 60 and 60 'and a front plate 62, respectively.

66.479 / BE or 62 'from the central plate 64 and 64' on both sides of the central plate and one of the 66 and 66 'seam plates on the side panels 64 and 64'. The side panels can be flexibly stretched to fit the sides of the diapers. The belt plate can be flexibly stretched, preferably flexibly contracted or wrinkled to better fit the diaper pants at the center of the waist opening. The center plate is not wrinkled to maintain the integrity of the absorbent core during wear. Although the center plate may be flexible (but not wrinkled), in the embodiments shown in Figures 1 to 4, the center plate is preferably not stretchable. The continuous belt 38 may be formed of a plurality of different materials and layers as follows. The belt 38 comprises at least one first belt layer 42 and a second belt layer 44 which are attached to each other on the sides of the seam plates 66 and 66 '. In the embodiments shown in Figures 1 to 4, the belt 38 preferably comprises a portion of the base plate 40, the belt layers (the first belt layer 42 in the front portion 26 and the second belt layer 44 in the rear portion 28), the creped, laminated sheets (the front panel 46). and a rear creped, laminated sheet 48) in the side panels, and a flexible waist portion 50 on each of the belt plates, preferably comprising a single waist closure belt 82 operably, resiliently contracted to the belt 38 to fold it 60 and 60; 'for belt layers.

In preferred embodiments of the invention, the base plate 40 generally defines the overall shape of the diaper 20. The base plate 40 is the main structural layer of the diaper pants for which further

66.479 / BE • ······························ · · · ··· ·· · · · · · · Elements can be connected or reinforced. Thus, the base plate is located throughout or over a portion of the diaper surface, although in many embodiments, many portions of the base plate may be perforated or cut out, or may be removed ("windowed") to enhance the extensibility and / or breathability of the diaper pants or their elements in that area. Thus, the base plate preferably comprises a continuous layer or web that has no "joints or seam, so the forces are distributed over the entire layer. As already described, a continuous sheet or web of a base sheet may consist of a single material web or a layered material of several continuous webs, or layers of different materials. The base plate also forms part of the continuous belt, which provides the diaper with the force / elongation required to hold the wearer, but stretches to allow easy wear of the diaper. The base plate may form the outer surface, the inner surface, one or both parts of it, or may be located entirely inside the diaper pants. In the embodiments shown in Figures 1 to 4, the base plate preferably forms the outer surface of the diaper pants in the thigh, thereby providing a unique aesthetic quality of the diaper pants.

After at least a portion of the base plate 40 has been mechanically creped to form creped, laminated sheets of side panels, the material is preferably stretchable, more preferably tensile (but not necessarily elastic) so that the base plate extends at least to some degree by mechanical tension, i.e. do not return to the original, undistorted

66.479 / BE * ·· · ··. The base plate may thus be made of any material known for making absorbent articles, such as woven or nonwoven webs; polymeric films, such as polyethylene, polypropylene, or mixtures thereof, of thermoplastic films; laminated materials made from such materials; or composite materials. In preferred embodiments, the base plate may be mechanically creped at a minimum degree to the limit of separation. To this end, the base plate 40 is preferably a polymer film.

Since the base plate 40 is preferably a polymeric film, it generally does not leak liquids (e.g. urine), so it can also serve as a component that prevents liquids absorbed and stored in the absorbent core from wetting the clothing that touches the diaper, such as bedding and bedding. underwear (ie works like the back of traditional diapers). If the base plate is non-liquid impervious, typically an additional layer, such as a conventional backsheet, should be used behind the absorbent core. If desired, the base plate may be breathable (passes air and water vapor). Specifically, since the belt layers and preferably the barrier layers are both stretchable, nonwoven webs to reinforce creped, laminated sheets to absorb forces, and since there is no need for a high transverse tensile strength in the thigh section, the base plate may consist of microporous and therefore typically of lower strength and lower strength. including breathable materials. An example of such films is the EXXAIRE film produced by Exxon Chemical Co.. In the present invention as a base plate

66.479 / BE is a relatively good extensibility but non-breathable exemplary polymer film includes Clopay 1401 from Clopay Corp. (Cincinnati, Oh) or X-8323 or X-9954 from Tredegar (Terre Haute, In) .

The size of the base plate depends on the size of the diapers designed to fit the wearer. In a preferred embodiment, the base plate has a modified hourglass shape to better fit the wearer. In a preferred embodiment designed for larger toddler children (about 9-15.4 kg), the base plate 40 is preferably about 483 mm long, about 234 mm wide at the front and rear, and about 165 mm wide at the thigh. between the two. The central plate has a width of 135 mm, the side panels are about 41 mm wide, the activated part of the side panels is about 32 mm wide, and the seam plates are about 8.5 mm wide. (The actual overlap of the seam plates is about 11 mm in the preferred embodiments illustrated herein.) The front part is about 114 mm long, the rear portion is about 165 mm long and the thigh portion is about 220 mm long.

The belt layers (the first belt layer 42 and the second belt layer 44) operate, preferably in cooperation with the base plate 40 and other parts, to create a continuous belt 38 around the waist opening 36 of the diaper 20. Thus, each belt layer preferably consists of a continuous sheet or web that does not have "joints or stitches so that forces are transmitted across the entire belt layer. (The continuous sheet or web of each belt layer may consist of a single material fabric layer, or a plurality of continuous webs, or layers of different materials.) The materials of the belt layers preferably provide strength to the creped, laminated sheets in the side panels. and allowing mechanical creping without excessive splitting, tearing or damaging of the material.

In the embodiment shown in Figures 1 to 4, the belt layers are preferably located on and attached to the outer surface of the base plate, forming part of the outer surface of the diaper pants. However, the belt layers may be placed on the inner surface of the base plate and may, in some embodiments, form part of the inner surface of the diaper pants. Some of these different implementations will be presented and described later. The belt layers are attached to the base plate by connecting elements (not shown in the figures) at least at the side panel. Suitable connection modes are described. The belt layers extend laterally continuously through the respective waist portions of the diaper (the front or back area) to form the continuous belt 38 as described above and extend longitudinally from the end to about the thigh. Alternatively, the belt layers may extend in the longitudinal direction between the thighs, so that the diaper pants can even create a garment-like feel. While it is preferred that the first and second belt layers extend longitudinally inwardly so that a gap between them is provided between the thigh and thereby provides the aesthetic advantage described, they may overlap, if desired, to provide a general tissue-like appearance and feeling.

Since the belt layers are mechanically creped in the side panels,

66.479 / BE is preferably stretchable, more preferably stretchable (but not necessarily elastic) without excessive tear or ripping of any degree. Furthermore, since the belt layers are preferably located on the outer surface of the diaper pants, the belt layers are also preferably smooth, soft to the touch and non-irritating to the wearer's skin, giving the diapers a feeling and comfort as if they were a textile garment. Suitable belt layers may be made of a wide variety of materials, such as plastic films; perforated plastic foils; from woven or nonwoven webs of natural fibers (for example, wood or cotton fibers), from woven or nonwoven webs of mixtures of synthetic fibers (e.g., polyolefin, polyamide, polyester, polyethylene or polypropylene fibers) or natural and / or synthetic fibers; or coated with woven or nonwoven materials. The belt layers are preferably made of a nonwoven web of synthetic fibers.

In typical nonwoven webs, localized tears are formed at many points of the web as it passes between the mechanical crepe rolls. These ruptures occur due to the lack of extensibility of the nonwoven web or the lack of stretchability of the individual fibers. The preferred nonwoven webs of the present invention exhibit a high degree of extensibility, and the individual fibers are preferably stretched so that the bonds between the fibers are not substantially damaged or torn. Thus, the belt layers are the most extensively stretchable, non-woven webs that can generally be provided more uniformly and with minimal local tears to the less extensible.

66,479 / BE «

• · Typical nonwoven webs made of fibers. Examples of such nonwoven webs are molten font webs made of polyethylene or polyethylene blend fibers. More preferably, the belt layers are made of polyethylene, polyethylene polymer blends or polyethylene / polypropylene polymer blends, molten font webs. Exemplary molten nonwoven nonwoven webs are Polybond Co. (Waynesboro, Va) No. 87257, Corovin (Peine, NSZK) COROLIND 17184, and Fiberweb (Simpsonville, SC) E1004204.

The belt 38 can be flexibly stretched in the side panels 64 and 64 'to provide a more comfortable and stroke-like fit with the initial strap fit of the diapers, and maintain this fit during wear well after the diaper is filled with selection products to distribute it. the forces around the waist and thighs, because the sides of the diaper are able to expand and contract. The side panels can be stretched in at least one direction, preferably in a direction having a lateral vector component, more preferably laterally, to provide a better fit. However, it should be noted that the side panels may be extensible in any other direction or in more than one direction. In addition, the side panels may have one or more discrete, extensible fields.

The flexible extensibility of the side panels can be provided by a variety of materials or arrangements. The various parts of the belt (i.e., the belt layers or the base layer) may contain conventional elastic stretchable materials, or the side panels of the belt may be formed by a variety of flexible stretchable layers. 479 of BE. For example, the side panels of the belt may include a resiliently extensible material operably attached to one or more inflexible components (belt layer, base plate, or both) in a resiliently constricted condition as described in U.S. Patent No. 3,860,003 herein. we refer to it as a reference. On the other hand, the side panels may consist of a SELF material (Structural Elastic-Like Film) as described in WO 95/03765, which is incorporated by reference. Since the side panels of the belt may be made of a variety of different, extensible or elastic stretchable materials known in the art, one or more of the side panels of the belt, preferably each, is made of a creped, laminated sheet.

In the embodiments shown in Figures 1 to 4, the creped, laminated sheets (the front creped, laminated sheet 46 and the rear creped, laminated sheet 48) are the uniform elements of the diaper pants (i.e., not separately mounted on the diapers, but one or more of the diapers). comprising a plurality of different layers, at least of the belt layer, preferably of the base layer, and forming parts thereof. In a preferred embodiment, each of the creped, laminated sheets is provided from a portion of the base plate, a portion of the respective sheet, and is resiliently stretched between the base plate and the belt layer and formed from a portion of the barrier layer.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, an elastic plate member 78 is operably attached to the side panels, preferably between the base layer and the belt layers, to allow

Elastic extensibility of creped, laminated sheets at least laterally. The term "resiliently extensible" is applied to sections or portions extending in at least one direction (preferably laterally in the case of side panels) when they are subjected to tensioning forces (typically lateral tension forces on the side panels) and return to their original size and shape when the tensioner is applied. forces to disappear. Flexibly stretchable materials particularly suitable for making flexible stretchable sheet members (especially stress-free creped, laminated sheets) are styrene block polymer-based flexible films, preferably 0.05 to 0.064 mm thick, such as PA18-2870 manufactured by Clopay Corp. or Exxon 500 Series Flexible Films (Exxon Chemical, Baytown, Tx). The tension / contraction (force / elongation) graph of the PA18-2870 flexible material is shown in Figure 12. The tension / contraction graph shows a typical shape curve obtained on a 25.4 mm wide sample when stretched at 50.8 cm / min at about 23 ° C (room temperature). Elastic stretchable materials suitable for other flexible sheet members include "live synthetic or natural rubbers, other synthetic or natural rubber foams, elastically stretchable films (including heat-shrinkable, flexible stretchable films), elastically stretchable, woven or nonwoven. webs, fabrics, elastic stretchable materials, or the like.

In a particularly preferred embodiment, the elastic sheet members are operably secured in the side panel such that it is

66 479 / BE

attached to a base layer, a belt layer, or both, in substantially unstretched (stress-free) condition. At least a portion of the composite layer thus obtained is then mechanically creped so that the non-elastic parts (the base plate, the barrier layer and the belt layer) extend permanently. The composite creped, laminated sheet is then allowed to return to its original, stress-free state. The side panel thus formed is a stress-free ("zero voltage") creped, laminated sheet. (Alternatively, the resilient plate member can be reinforced and creped in a workable manner, but it is not as advantageous as the "zero-voltage creped, laminated sheet." A stress-free, "zero-voltage, creped, layered sheet is a layered material structure comprising at least two sheets of material secured to at least a portion of their contacting surface in substantially non-tensioned ("zero voltage") state; one of the layers is made of a stretchable and resiliently extensible material (i.e., returns substantially to its original dimensions at the end of the applied tensile force), the other layer can be stretched (but not necessarily elastic) so that the tension will cause at least some permanent elongation on the employee after the end of power and will not return to its original, undistorted shape. The resulting creped, laminated sheet is thus flexibly stretchable, at least to the initial tension point, in the direction of the initial tension. A particularly preferred method and apparatus for making creped, laminated sheets is mechanical creping with the associated ribbed roller pair. particularly

66.479 / BE • · · • · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,367,897, 5,156,793, and 5,443,679, which are hereby incorporated by reference.

The flexible sheet members are operably attached to the base plate at the creped, layered sheet, belt layer, or both, or an interrupted binding pattern or a substantially continuous bond pattern. By "interrupted bonded layered web" is meant layered webs in which the layers are spaced apart in discrete points, or where the layers are not mutually confined in a discrete area substantially interlocked. In contrast, the term "substantially continuous bonded layered web" refers to layered webs where the layers are substantially continuous on each other over the entire contact surface. Since it is preferred that the layered sheet is fully or substantially secured so that the inflexible webs (belt layers, base layer and sealing layers) can be stretched or pulled out without tearing, and the layers of the laminated sheets are preferably secured in such a manner that all layers retain their relative position relative to the rest after mechanical creping, the other sheets of the resilient sheet member and the creped, laminated sheet are substantially permanently attached to one another by an adhesive. In a particularly preferred embodiment, the selected adhesive is applied in a spiral pattern (as disclosed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,911,173 and 4,842,666) in an amount of about 0.00116 g / cm 2 . The width of the spirals is about 1.9 cm and you are

66.479 / BE • ·············· ····· ·· · · · · · ···· · · ··· ·· ···· · «I are directly next to each other or overlap slightly (less than 2 mm). The adhesive is preferably a H2120 material manufactured by Findley Adhesives. On the other hand, any resilient sheet member or any other part of the creped laminated sheet may be interlocked in a continuous or continuous pattern by heat, pressure, ultrasound, dynamic mechanical engagement, or by any other means known in the art.

It has been found that the stretching properties of creped, laminated sheets, such as elongation forces, stretch modulus, available tension (elongation), tightening forces, and contraction rate are all important components of both creped, laminated sheet and diaper wear. Stretching properties and matching forces give the user and the wearer the overall "sense of tension." The same affects the ability of the user to achieve a sufficient degree of application tension (i.e., "normal tension when dispensing diapers", the total amount of tension required to achieve and maintain good fit and fit). The creped, layered sheet with relatively high stretch modulus or force causes red stripes on the wearer's skin, while the relatively low stretch modulus or force causes slit formation or slipping from the wearer. Creped, layered sheets in which the available tension is too small do not provide the right level of body fit and contribute to the wear and tear of the diaper pants. Creped, layered sheets in which the tightening forces are very high

66 479 / BE

they are small (either excessive elastic creep, excessive relaxation of elastic forces or excessive rigid "sticking") do not remain in place on the wearer and tend to slit or slip from the wearer, resulting in poor fit and storage capacity.

In the case of creped, laminated sheets according to the invention, it has been found that the stretching properties, such as the stretching force and the stretching modulus, are preferably within a certain range of values. Figure 13 shows a preferred (non-aperture), creped, layered sheet strength / elongation response curve of the invention in two stretch / return cycles. The sample was creped, layered at a rate of 50.8 cm / min at about 23 ° C and held for 30 seconds at 200% elongation. The sample is then allowed to contract at the same rate. Leave for one minute before reaching the second stretch under similar speed and conditions. The initial tensile stretch strength is preferably greater than or equal to about 0.39 N / cm at 100% elongation. More preferably, the initial tensile strength is from about 0.59 to about 0.88 N / cm, most preferably from about 0 to about 62 to about 0.78 N / cm at 100% elongation to fit well with the wearer. At 200% elongation, the initial tensile strength is preferably from about 0.78 to 1.57 N / cm, more preferably from about 0.94 to 1.26 N / cm. The contraction force of the creped, laminated sheet in the second cycle is preferably between about 0.1 and 0.78 g / cm, more preferably between about 0.24 and about 59 g / cm, between the wear limits (20 to 140% elongation). These values correspond to the nominal wear forces after stretching and shrinking the size of 66.479 / BE · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ·.

The force wall is the part of the elongation curve where the forces of widening are much quicker than before, with increasing elongation. The power wall provides additional tensioning forces without overstretching its belt. As a result, the garment is easier to pull, especially when self-picking. The force wall is reached at forces greater than 1.57 N / cm. Thus, if the stretching of the creped, laminated sheet is gradually increased by 50% or less than the desired maximum design value, a force greater than 1.57 N / cm is awakened. As shown in Figure 14, the force wall of the creped laminated sheet is typically achieved at an elongation of greater than about 200% (this is the desired maximum design value for this creped, laminated sheet). A 50% increase in elongation extends from 200% to 250% with a force greater than 1.57 N / cm.

The available voltage measures the maximum amount of material in the creped, laminated sheet which is tensioned in the reverse direction to the wearer's body during use. Thus, the available tension is related to the maximum amount of elongation required for the diaper wear to fit the wearer. In addition, the maximum amount of recoverable voltage is available to the diaper to accommodate the wearer's body. The amount of available voltage is calculated using the following equation:

extended length - original length ---------------------------------------- x 100 original lengths

66-479 / BE ·· «· · ·· · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ·

In diaper pants using creped, laminated sheets, the minimum amount of available tension required for recording is at least about 75%, preferably at least 100%, where the available voltage limits are 100 to 250%, most preferably about 200%.

The continuous belt 38 is also preferably elasticly stretchable in the central plate, preferably at least in the belt plates 60 and 60 ', longitudinally outward of the absorbent core. Flexible elasticity is provided by a flexible waistband 50. The elastic waist portion 50 provides the element that can be flexibly stretchable, preferably flexibly contracted, at least laterally, to form a portion of the continuous belt comprising creped, laminated sheets and elastic waist portions of the side panels in the webs to dynamically fit and simulate the waist of the wearer and ensure increased fit. Thus, the elastic waist portion is generally the part of the belt extending from the ends to the edge of the absorbent core. Preferably, the elastic waistband is capable of elastic contraction in order to fold the belt plate outwardly from the absorbent core and thereby tighten the fit of the garment for better fit to the wearer.

The elastic waist portion 50 includes at least the protrusions of the belt layers (the first or second belt layer 42) and preferably one of the other diaper pants, such as the base plate 40 or the topsheet 80, or any combination of the above elements alone (if one of these layers is can be stretched or contracted) or with a flexibly stretchable material. The elastic waist portion 50 may have a number of different structures, including those described for laminated sheets; but may also be any of the elasticized belt members known in the art, such as those described in U.S. Patent Nos. 4,515,595, 5,151,092 or WO 95/13765; these are referred to here as references.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 4, the elastic waist portion 50 preferably extends over the 60 and 60 'webs, up to the side panels 64 and 64'. Preferably, the elastic waist portion 50 extends over the side panels 64 and 64 ', up to the seam plates 66 and 66'. The elastic waistband may extend into one or both of the seam plates 66 and 66 'to form a circular elastic waist. When the elastic waist portion 50 reaches at least the side panels 64 and 64 ', it provides the user with additional material for gripping the garment upon pulling. The transition between the side panel material and the waist / side panel laminated sheets provides a bending point that allows the consumer to twist the waist portion of the side panel to create a "handle when recording." This makes it easier to use because the product will not slide out of the user's hands when he pulls the garment. In addition, the larger size and increased flexibility of the elastic waistband 50 also provides improved fit.

Preferably, the elastic waistband 50 preferably comprises a uniform waistband belt 82 disposed on the topsheet 80 and operably attached in a resiliently constricted condition to fringe the shoulder pads 60 and 60 'of the diaper 20. Bar

66.479 / BE • ··· · · · ··· · · ······ ······················ · · · The elastic waistband 50 is operably, flexibly contracted to the webs 60 and 60 'to fringe them, preferably also in a functional manner, but is relaxed attached to the side panels 64 and 64' to allow full extensibility of the side panels. exploitation.

Preferably, the uniform waistband belt 82 comprises a non-woven coating material, an elastically extensible layer, and more preferably a second nonwoven coating material. Such a uniform waist closure belt is exemplified in U.S. Patent 5,026,364, which is hereby incorporated by reference. The elastically extensible layer is at least about 50%, preferably about 100-300%, most preferably about 250% prestressed. Materials that can be found to form a resiliently stretchable layer include "live synthetic or natural gums, other synthetic or natural rubber foams, elastically stretchable films (including heat-shrinkable, flexible stretchable films), elastically stretchable, woven or nonwoven webs. elastic canvases, elastic yarn bundles, elastic stretchable materials or the like. If it is operably attached to the topsheet of the diaper's central plate, the single waist closure belt cooperates with the layers below the diaper underneath to provide tensile forces of 67% (25.4 mm in this particular embodiment), preferably about 0.39. 1.18 N / cm, more preferably between 0.59 and 0.78 N / cm. The single waist belt is in this

66.479 / 3E • ··· · · · · · · · ··· · · · ···· · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 4 «.

in a given embodiment, provides a contraction of at least 19 mm (i.e. a contraction of 38 mm in the entire product) to ensure an exact fit at the upper part of the diaper.

In a particularly preferred embodiment, the uniform waist closure belt is breathable to allow water vapor to escape from the front and back portions of the diapers. The breathability of the uniform waist closure belt can be ensured by selecting relatively breathable materials for its construction and / or by creating perforations or apertures on the waist closure belt as described for creped laminated sheets of side panels.

In a further embodiment, the single waist closure belt may be a combination of hydrophobic, hydrophilic, or hydrophobic and hydrophilic elements. A hydrophilic waist closure belt can be used to remove moisture from the wearer's skin and prevent skin hydration. On the other hand, a hydrophobic waist closure belt can be used to prevent the fluid absorbed by the garment from slipping through the waist opening. However, a combined hydrophobic / hydrophilic waist closure belt can be used to prevent the fluid absorbed by the garment from slipping through the waist opening while removing moisture from the wearer's skin and thereby preventing skin hydration.

The middle plates 62 and 62 'of the belt 38 are not fringed to block or crease the absorbent core 84 during use. 1 to 4 In the embodiments shown in FIGS.

· * · ♦

· · Ók hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy hogy to maintain the integrity of the absorbent core 84. Alternatively, the middle plates can be flexibly stretchable, but not folded, for example, by flexibly stretching but non-contraction materials for their design. For example, the middle plates may contain stress-free creped, laminated sheets as used for the side panels, or may contain a SELF material such as that described in WO 95/03765. If the center plate is made flexible, it is preferable to "leave the absorbent core" (not to be attached to the center plate) to maintain the integrity of the absorbent core and not to limit the elongation of the center plate.

Seam plates 66 and 66 'are portions of the belt 38 which are designed to be bonded by the manufacturer to form the defined waist opening 36 and thigh openings 34. As shown in FIG. 1, the seam plates 66 and 66 'extend laterally outward from the respective side panels 64 and 64' to the ends 72 or 72 ', and generally longitudinally from the ends 70 or 70' to the 71 or 71 'legs. Preferably, the seam plates are protrusions of the base plate and other elements such as the belt layer and the topsheet, or combinations thereof. In a preferred embodiment, all the seam plates are formed from parts of the base plate, the belt layers, the flexible sheet members and the sealing layer of the topsheet. (In the seam plate, the layered sheet is preferably not mechanically creped, although it would be possible to provide additional flexibility to this area if desired.)

Referring to FIG. 1, the seams 32 are preferably located

66 479 / BE

designed to secure the seam plates 66 of the front portion 26 to the seam plates 66 'of the rear portion 28. The jointing of the seams according to the invention can be carried out in any manner known in the art for use in special materials used in the seam plates. For example, ultrasonic welding, heat welding, pressure fastening, adhesive fastening, sewing, self-fastening or similar suitable techniques can be used.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the diaper 20 is configured to overlap the seam plates 66 of the front portion 26 with the seam plates 66 'of the rear portion 28 and to bind it with a seam. The seam plates are preferably fixed by pattern heat / pressure or ultrasonic welding as shown in Figure 11. In this particular embodiment, the seam is an intermittent pattern of individual joints 1200 arranged in groups 1202. In this embodiment, the seam 32 comprises four 1202 groups. There may be any number of groups in other, also suitable, seams such as two, three, five or more. The total W width of the seam is about 7 mm, the total X overlap of the seam plates is about 11 mm. Groups 1202 are separated by the distance s, which is about 6-20 mm, preferably about 11 mm. Each group 1202 preferably has a height h of about 6 to 60 mm. Different patterns, sizes, and distances can be imagined.

The distances between adjacent groups 1202 form gaps or non-secured portions in the seam 32. When wearing the garment 20, the seams 32 tend to deform due to the wearer's movement. Deformation of the seams 32 is adjacent

66.479 / BE * - * k creates channels between the gaps between which the air can flow into and out of the garment during wear. Thus, the non-secured portion of the seam 32 (i.e., the total of the s distances) determines the breathability of the seams and thus the breathability of the garment. As the fixed portion of the seams 32 increases, the breathability of the garment increases. However, as the fastening portion of the seams 32 increases, the strength of the seams 32 decreases. The ratio of the non-secured portion of the seam 32 is preferably about 20 to 65% of the total length of the seam measured from the throat opening 34 to the waist opening 36 along the seam 32. Examples of suitable sutures are those in which the ratio of the non-secured portion is about 30, 35, or 40% of the total length of the suture. An unsecured part below 20% is undesirable because it does not allow airflow sufficient for ventilation of the garment. An unlocked portion of over 65% is also undesirable because it allows enough air to be vented to ventilate the garment, but is not strong enough to withstand the high forces and stresses exerted on the garment during wear.

The group adjacent to the thigh opening 34 has the highest height h of all groups. Preferably, this group has a height ah of at least about 20 mm, preferably about 30 to 40 mm. This arrangement helps to minimize the twisting of the seam 32 at the thigh opening 34, thereby reducing the rubbing of the wearer's skin.

Preferably, there is also a group adjacent to the waist opening 36. This group creates a voltage line a

66 479 / BE

around the waist, ensuring improved fit and storage of the garment. Groups adjacent to the thigh openings 34 and the waist opening 36 are separated by a small distance, such as less than about 5 mm, from the thigh openings 34 or the waist opening 36.

The first belt layer 42, a portion of the base plate 40, a portion of the elastic plate member 78 on the front panel, a portion of the end plate 82, the second belt layer 44, another portion of the base plate 40, the resilient plate members 78 'of the side panels on one side and, by combining another portion of the barrier layer 88, the seam 32 will become very strong and will not open or tear when the diaper 20 is raised or worn.

A potentially strong seam can be made by raising the amount of polymer material in the seam plates. The amount of polymer material in the seam plates can be increased by using nonwoven materials having a higher weight, using thicker plastic films, or incorporating additional material layers into the seam sheets. For example, additional plastic films or nonwoven webs may be attached to the seam plates. Alternatively, the diaper-forming layers may extend over the seam-forming site and can be turned back onto the seam plate to form additional layers on the seam plate. Examples of this type of suture are disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 5,236,430, cited above.

In addition to the continuous belt 38, the diaper pants 20 include a base unit (the main plate 56 and the thighbone plates 58) extending between the thighs of the wearer and the thigh.

66.479 / BE • · · ·

part. The thigh portion 30 typically comprises at least one outer cover layer and preferably an absorbent core 84. In the embodiments shown in Figures 1 to 4, the outer covering layer comprises the base plate 40 and the topsheet 80. Preferably, the base unit further comprises the elastic members 52.

The elastic members 52 provide improved storage of liquids and other selection products between the thigh 30 and generally the thigh slots. Both elastic bands 52 may comprise a number of different solutions to prevent pickling of the selection products at the thighbone plate (the elastic bands may be and are often referred to as thigh bands, side bosses, cuffs, or elastic cuffs). U.S. Pat. No. 3,860,003 describes a disposable diaper provided with a collapsible thigh opening having a lateral flap and one or more resilient sheet members forming an elasticized leg cuff (sealing cuff). U.S. Pat. No. 4,909,803 discloses a disposable diaper having "upright elasticized cuffs (closure cuffs) for improving storage capacity in the thighs. U.S. Pat. No. 4,695,278 describes disposable diapers having double cuffs comprising a sealant and a closing cuff. U.S. Pat. No. 4,795,454 discloses a disposable diaper having double cuffs for stopping where the topsheet ends shortly before the diaper side edge to prevent leakage.

66.479 / BE • · · · on the side of the garment. The above patent documents are referred to herein as reference. Although the elastic bands may be like the thigh bands, side shoots, like a closure or elastic cuff, it is preferred that the elastic bands consist of a combination of a seal and a cuff. The sealing and sealing cuffs are preferably made in U.S. Patent No. 4,795,454 and described herein.

In another embodiment of the present invention, the fingers 58 may further comprise a SELF material as described in WO 95/03765. The SELF material in the femoral plate provides lateral extensibility. Installing a SELF web alongside, inside or outside the elastic compartments provides an area for the diapers along the thighs, which can stretch if necessary and create an additional empty space at higher strain, and provide a smooth fit that reduces the gap formation. choking in the thighs. When the diaper becomes heavier and heavier, the weight extends laterally the expandable thighs and reduces the gap at the thighs rather than pulling the cuff out of the thighs. The result is that the operation of the sealing cuff is independent of the absorbent core and thus provides better fit and storage. In addition, the SELF web enhances the softness of the product at the sealing cuff and contributes to the overall child-friendly appearance. In fact, if desired, the main plate may comprise a SELF web of softness and a

66.479 / BE • · · · · ·

storage features. Alternatively, the femoral plates may comprise a SELF web or a mechanically creped laminated sheet extensible longitudinally to allow the longitudinal expansion of the femoral apertures and thus fit the wearers of the larger thighs.

Preferably, the absorbent core 84 is positioned adjacent to the inner surface 76 of the base plate 40 and is preferably attached thereto (not shown) as is well known in the art. For example, the base plate may be attached to the absorbent core by a uniform, continuous adhesive layer, a patterned adhesive layer, or by separate adhesive lines, spirals, or patches. The adhesive found for this purpose is manufactured by Findley Adhesives (Wauwatosa, Wi) with the designation H2120. Preferably, the fixation consists of an open pattern network of adhesive fibers, as described in U.S. Patent No. 4,573,986, which is hereby incorporated by reference. An exemplary method of attachment is the open pattern network in which the adhesive fibers are screwed into spiral patterns; its method and apparatus are described in U.S. Patent Nos. 3,911,173, 4,785,996, and 4,842,666. The above patent documents are referred to herein as reference. Alternatively, the fastening method may be a thermal fixation, a pressure fastening, an ultrasonic fixation, a dynamic mechanical fixation, or any other recording method, or combinations of recording modes known in the art.

The absorbent core 84 may be any absorbent device that is generally compressible, conformable, non-irritating to the wearer.

66.479 / BE • · · and absorb and retain fluids such as urine and other secretion products. The absorbent core can be manufactured in a variety of sizes and shapes (e.g., rectangular, hourglass, or T-shaped, asymmetric, and the like) and can be made of a wide variety of liquid absorbent materials commonly used in disposable diapers and other absorbent articles; such material is, for example, shredded wood pulp, commonly referred to as airborne. Other suitable materials include creped cellulose wadding, molten blown polymers, including molded materials, cross-linked cellulosic fibers, fabrics, including cover fabrics, absorbent foams and sponges, superabsorbent polymers, absorbent hydrogel-forming materials, or equivalent materials or combinations of materials. The arrangement and structure of the absorbent core may also vary (i.e., the fields of the absorbent core may have varying thickness fields, hydrophilic gradients, superabsorbent gradients, or smaller average density and average rice weight bearing fields; or may include one or more layers or structures). However, the total absorbent capacity of the absorbent core must correspond to the intended load and use of the diaper pants. In addition, the size and absorbent capacity of the absorbent core may be varied to accommodate infant to adult wearers.

A preferred embodiment of the absorbent core is an asymmetric modified hourglass; has a bodily surface on the body of the wearer (inner surface) and a surface of clothing against the body surface. As an absorbent core according to the invention, it is described in U.S. Patent No. 5,360,420, which is an exemplary, widely accepted and commercially successful absorbent article. This description is herein incorporated by reference. The absorbent core preferably comprises a capture / distribution layer comprising chemically stiffened cellulose fibers and a storage layer located below the receiving / distributing layer and comprising a mixture of wood pulp and superabsorbent material as disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 4,610,478. we can read what we consider here as a reference.

The topsheet 80 is disposed adjacent to the physical surface of the absorbent core, and is preferably attached to the absorbent core 84 and the base plate 40 (not shown) by a fastening method well known in the art. Suitable fastening methods have already been described in relation to the reinforcement of the absorbent core to the base layer. According to our use, "an attachment means an arrangement where an element is directly attached to another element by attaching one of the elements directly to the other element and arrangements in which one element is indirectly attached to the other such that one of the elements is attached to the other element. element is attached to the intermediate element (s), which is in turn fixed to the other element. In a preferred embodiment, the topsheet and base plate are indirectly secured to each other by being attached directly to the absorbent core or to the resilient sheet member or other diaper pants.

The topsheet 80 preferably consists of the three-member structure described in U.S. Patent No. 4,795,454, which is incorporated herein by reference. As the a

66.479 / BE ·

4, the topsheet 80 includes a primary layer 86 and sealing layers 88 attached to the primary layer 86 extending laterally outwardly from the primary layer 86. The primary layer 86 is a fluid permeable material that allows the fluids to rapidly pass through their thickness into the absorbent core. Preferably, the two barrier layers 88 are hydrophobic to prevent cracking at the edges of the diaper and more preferably to tighten the creped, laminated sheets.

Preferably, the primary layer 86 is tolerant, soft, and non-irritating to the wearer's skin. The primary layer is fluid permeable to allow easy passage of liquids (e.g., urine) at its thickness. A suitable primary layer can be manufactured from a wide variety of materials, such as porous foams, mesh foams, perforated plastic foils or three-dimensionally inflated films, or woven or nonwoven webs of natural fibers, synthetic fibers, or mixtures thereof. Preferably, the primary layer is product 6701 of Fibertec, Inc. (Landisville, NJ).

In the embodiment shown in Figure 3, the primary layer 86 preferably does not end at the same point with the base plate, so that the liquid will not leak at and along the primary layer at the edges of the diaper, and will not leak under and behind the closure seals formed by the barrier layers and more. a tensile material can be placed in the side panels to make the creped, laminated sheets stronger. Preferably, the primary layer covers most of the body surface of the absorbent core, more preferably the entire body surface of the absorbent core 66,479 / BE

at least in the part between the thigh, so that the excretory products flowing into the diaper pass through the primary layer and are absorbed in the absorbent core. The primary layer extends laterally outward towards the lateral edges of the absorbent core, preferably beyond the lateral edges of the absorbent core, at least in the region of the thigh. However, the primary layer ends in the thigh region at the thighs. In the most preferred arrangement, the primary layer terminates adjacent to the proximal end of the barrier layer (i.e., the end of the primary layer is adjacent to the proximal end), or the end thereof is remote and inward from the proximal end. "In the neighborhood, the word means that the primary layer ends at the near edge, but the primary layer with a small area may extend beyond the near edge, or end within the machine tolerance during manufacture, or due to variations in the production of the primary layer area from production. .

In the preferred embodiment of the topsheet 80 shown in Figure 3, the barrier layers 88 form the elastic members 52 (preferably a sealing cuff and / or a closing cuff), and preferably a portion of the creped, laminated sheets.

In order for the sealing / closing cuff to be elastic, as shown in Fig. 3, the sealing layer 88 preferably has a crank member 90 and a part (channel) 92. The upright portion 92 has a near end 95 and a distal end 95 '. Although the crank member 90 is preferably a continuous section of the barrier layer 88, the crank member 90 may also be formed from various pieces of material attached to the upright portion 92 so that the camshaft portion 66.479 / BE may have different physical properties, dimensions, and characteristics than the upright portion 92. In fact, either the crankshaft or the upright portion can be completely removed from the diaper pants if desired. The stand 92 forms and defines the closure cuff of the closure as described in U.S. Patent No. 4,795,454. The proximal edge 95 of the protruding portion 95 is preferably between the elastic members 96 and the longitudinal centerline, most preferably between the elastic members 96 and the side edge of the absorbent core 84, at least in the region of the thigh 30 to provide closure along the distal edge. Preferably, the proximal edge 95 'is not attached to any of the underside portions of the diaper pants at least in the region of the thigh 30 so as to warp the upward closing cuff. The end of the protruding portion is preferably attached to the underside of the diaper pants, so that it is secured to the primary layer by the closure members 98 to enhance the erection function of the closing cuff. The upright portion 92 of the barrier layer 88 is preferably hydrophobic to reduce the leakage of the selection products from the diaper.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the cuff portion 90 of the sealing layer 88 is mechanically creped on the front and back portion 26 to form creped laminated sheets 64 and 64 'respectively. Thus, at least the cam portion 90, but preferably the entire sealing layer 88, can be stretched, more preferably tensile (but not necessarily elastic) so that the barrier layer is permanently elongated at least to some degree by mechanical creping so that it does not return completely to its original state. In particularly preferred embodiments, the barrier layers may be creped nicely without mecha66.479 / BE without cracking or tearing. Thus, the sealing layers are preferably stretchable, more preferably pullable and most preferably made of hydrophobic material. Suitable materials for the barrier layers include most of the materials suitable for belt layers. A preferred barrier material is a molten font polyethylene or polypropylene fibrous web. A material suitable for a barrier layer is the molten font polyethylene web produced by Fiberweb with the designation E1004203.

The diaper 20 may advantageously be provided with openings or perforations to allow air to enter the diapers and to expel the water vapor from the diaper. In a preferred embodiment, the perforations are on the side panels. In this arrangement, the outlet of the selection products inhibits areas adjacent to the absorbent core, but air and water vapor can be exchanged in the product through ventilation so that the product does not become too moist and uncomfortable to the wearer. Additional apertures can also be placed on other plates and parts of the diaper pants. For example, openings may be provided on the front and back of the belt to provide ventilation and breathability in the waist and / or openings in the uniform waistband belt to further enhance product ventilation.

Advantageously, the diaper side plates have a plurality of apertures where large and small perforations can be arranged according to a particular pattern. The diameter of the perforations is generally about 0.3 to 2.5 mm, the larger perforations preferably have a diameter of about 1-2 mm, and the smaller perforations are about 0.5 66.479 / BE

*. ♦

0.9 mm. The perforations may be formed by punching the material or by self-bonding techniques such as ultrasonic or heat / pressure techniques. Such perforations and techniques for their preparation are described in U.S. Patent Nos. 2,544,069 and 4,834,738, which are hereby incorporated by reference. The perforations preferably pass through all the layers of the product, in the side panel, on all the layers of the creped, laminated sheet so that the openings lead from the inside of the product to the exterior. On the other hand, the openings can also be made to penetrate only one or more layers and may have slits or cutouts instead of holes.

Alternatively, the breathability can be achieved by making the diaper pants from air- or vapor-permeable materials known in the art. For example, the base plate may be a breathable (vapor permeable), but liquid impervious plastic film. Flexible sheet members can be made of open materials, such as foams, liners, non-woven or breathable, elastic stretchable films, to further enhance the breathability of the diapers.

The diaper pants 20 of the present invention may be dispensed by a caregiver or taken by the wearer himself. Typically, the waist opening 36 is expanded so that the wearer hides one leg into one of the thigh openings 34. The other leg is hidden in the other leg opening 34. Then the diaper 20 is pulled to the wearer's body, the wearing position. In particular, the wall of creped, laminated sheets helps self-absorbing the diaper by forcing the bottom to be pulled over instead of further expansion. Then wear the diapers and store it. 479 / BE • ·· *

and keep the selection products. The diapers can be removed from the wearer either by pulling them through the legs or by tearing off the parts of the diapers that are adjacent to the seams.

Figure 5 shows a perspective cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the diaper according to the invention. As can be seen in Figure 5, the base plate 540 forms the inner surface 24 of the diaper 520. Thus, the base plate 540 serves as a topsheet. Therefore, in this embodiment, the base plate 540 is preferably a fluid-permeable nonwoven material. The base plate 540 is preferably the nonwoven material previously described for forming the primary layer of the topsheet. The belt layer 542 (not shown) is located adjacent to the outer surface 577 of the base plate 540. The second belt layer (not shown) is also adjacent to the outer surface of the base plate. In addition, the central backsheet 510, made of a liquid impervious plastic film, is disposed on the inner surface of the first belt layer 542 and on the outer surface 577 of the base plate 540 such that it is provided as a backsheet of the diaper. The flexible sheet members 78 are between the base plate 540 and the first belt layer 542 and form the front creped laminated sheets. The absorbent core 84 is preferably located on the outer surface 577 of the base plate 540, preferably between the base plate 540 and the central plate 510. The closure cuffs 514 of the elastic beam preferably comprise a relatively narrow strip of material (a closure flap) attached to the inner surface 576 of the base plate 540, according to U.S. Patent 4,695,278 cited above. The closure sleeves of the closing man66.479 / BE can consist of a nonwoven web, a plastic film, or a nonwoven web and a layer of plastic film.

As shown in FIG. 5, the creped laminated sheets further comprise an additional reinforcement layer 512 between the base plate 540 and the flexible sheet member 78. The reinforcing layer 512 acts as a stretch reinforcement in the creped, laminated sheet, and allows for a strong mechanical tension (elongation) of the sheet without causing local tears or holes in the creped, laminated sheet. As already described, some materials are more extensible to other materials, especially when the mechanical tensioning operations on creped, laminated sheets have strong stretching forces. Thus, by reinforcing a more extensible material to a less extensible material, a composite layered material that can be extensively stretched without tearing or cracking can be produced. This is particularly important in this embodiment, where the base plate 540 is a nonwoven material. Since the base plate 540 acts as a cover layer for diaper 520, the base plate 540 is typically made of a non-woven material that is readily fluid-permeable, but generally not as tensile as other nonwoven materials. Thus, in this embodiment, the base plate 540 tends to be slacked or torn when subjected to a mechanical crepe operation used to form a crepe layered layer. The reinforcing layer 512, which is made of a much more stretchable material than the base plate 540, bridges the openings in the base plate 540 when the laminate 540 is laminated prior to mechanical creping so that the entire creped, laminated sheet does not fail,

66.479 / BE • · · · ···· · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · use.

The reinforcing layer 512 can thus be made of a plurality of pullable materials to provide the required strength for the creped, laminated sheet. Materials for use in the reinforcing layer may be plastic films, perforated plastic films such as DRI-WEAVE (The Procter & Gamble Co.) or nonwoven materials. Preferably, the reinforcing layer is a perforated plastic film or a nonwoven material for the breathability of the creped laminated sheet. More preferably, the reinforcing layer is made of non-woven materials that can also be used for the belt layer and have already been described.

As described above, the reinforcing layers are preferably positioned adjacent to the weaker layers to provide strength. In the embodiment shown in Figure 5, the reinforcing layer 512 is preferably located on the outer surface 577 of the base plate 540, although it may also be desired on the inner surface of the base plate 540. Additional reinforcing layers may also be present in the creped, laminated sheets and may be provided with any element thereof.

Figure 6 shows another embodiment of the diaper shown in Figure 5. The base plate 640 serves as a topcoat. The first belt layer 642 is disposed on the outer surface 677 of the base plate 640, preferably in the immediate vicinity of the base plate 640 at the central plate. The flexible plate members 78 are between the first belt layer 642 and the base plate 640 in the side plates. Thus, the continuous belt is formed without intermediate elements. The forces are thus continuously distributed and transmitted around the waist opening. A central backsheet 610 has an outer shoulder 612 of the first belt layer 642

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and the outer surface of the diaper pants 620 forms an outer surface between the thigh and the central plate of the front and rear portions. The absorbent core 84 is disposed between the central backing layer 610 and the first belt layer 642. Since the first belt layer 642 extends over the surface of the absorbent core 84, the first belt layer 642 is preferably fluid-permeable. Thus, the first belt layer 642 may consist of a nonwoven web made of a molten polyethylene fiber as described above, but may also be permeable to liquid by the addition of a suitable surfactant. One or more reinforcing layers may also be provided in the side panels to prevent excessive splitting or tearing of both the base plate 640 and the front belt layer 642.

Fig. 7 is a perspective cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the diaper shown in Fig. 5. In this embodiment, the absorbent core 84 is disposed between the base plate 740 and the first belt layer 742. Since the belt layer 742 does not need to be fluid-permeable because it is located on the garment surface of the absorbent core 84, the first belt layer 742 is preferably stretchable and made of materials that have already been described for belt layers. The central backsheet 710 is on the outer surface 712 of the first belt layer 742, and the diaper pants 720 form an outer surface 22 of the thigh portion and the central plate of the front and back portions. A reinforcing layer (not shown) may also be provided between the base plate 740 and the plate member 78 to reinforce the base plate 740.

Figure 8 is another closure cuff according to the invention

66 479 / BE

cross section. As shown in FIG. 8, the closure of the closing cuff 810 comprises an upright portion 892 of the barrier layer 88. The closing cuff 810 has a proximal end 895 and a distal end 812. The proximal end 895 is attached to the base plate 840 and provides a seal that prevents leakage and leakage of the selection products at the edge of the thigh slots. The distal end 812 is formed by reversing a portion of the end plate 88 around itself on the elastic intermediate members 94. The elastic intermediate members 94 are operatively operable on the sleeve, secured to the sealing layer 88, in a resiliently constricted state adjacent to said distal end 812 so as to induce the distal end 812 to rise from the primary layer 86. A storage layer 814 is attached to the sleeve, attached to the sealing layer 88. Preferably, the storage layer 814 is a fluid-impermeable film to further inhibit the creep through the closing cuff 810. The storage layer 814 is preferably a polyethylene film. Advantageously, the storage layer 814 starts from the end near the proximal end 895, but at a point near the proximal end and extends to a point between the proximal end 895 and the distal end 812. In the embodiment shown in Figure 8, the storage layer is located below the folded portions of the sleeve. The storage layer 814 extends beyond the proximal end 895 to provide an additional impermeable seal at the proximal end 895. Preferably, the storage layer 814 does not extend beyond the distal end 812 (in this embodiment about 6.35 mm from the distal end) to provide a breathable portion adjacent to the distal end 812 for good skin health. Thus, the closing cuff 810 is impermeable to gas and liquid a

66 479 / BE

810 at the base of the closure cuff to prevent streaking while the gas passes adjacent to the near end 812 to enhance the softness and breathability of the closing cuff 810.

A second "barrier" is provided by a second elastic intermediate member 894 operably attached to said sleeve between said proximal end and said distal end, preferably about 12.5 mm from the elastic intermediate members 94. Preferably, the second elastic intermediate member 894 is attached to the sleeve between the sleeve and the storage layer 814. Since the storage layer is most preferably in the delimited fields attached to the sleeve (near the end near the 895 and adjacent the folded portion of the sleeve) so that the intermediate portion of the storage layer is not attached to the sleeve, the second elastic intermediate member is preferably adjacent to this intermediate portion attached to the sleeve so that the second intermediate portion lifts the sleeve from the storage layer 814 and forms a pocket. Thus, the flexible intermediate element 894 forms a more breathable part of the lapel next to the body because only the nonwoven lapel is in contact with the body. Preferably, the second elastic intermediate member 894 is operatively attached to the sleeve and has less force than the elastic intermediate members 94 to interfere with the operation of the elastic intermediate elements 94, but to raise the sleeve from the storage layer 814. The second elastic intermediate member 894 is operably secured in a resiliently constricted condition, preferably only at the end, so that the intermediate portion is not fastened to the sleeve (i.e., reinforced to form a flexible drawstring as described in U.S. Patent No. 4,816,025)

66.479 / BE ··· * · · · ♦ · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · * · a known here as a reference) to enable the second intermediate displacement of the element in the sleeve at the location defined by the lapel and the storage layer to provide softness and flexibility, as well as improved breathability and skin protection by removing the breathable nonwoven lapel from the storage layer and clamping it to the body.

In a further preferred embodiment of the above closing cuff, the height and position of the closing cuff can be adjusted by attaching the closing cuff to the diaper pants. 8A. Figure 810 shows how the closure cuff 810 can be fastened to the topsheet 80 to optimize cuff height and position. The inner surface of the sleeve is fastened to the diaper, typically to the topsheet 80, so as to end laterally inwardly from the proximal end, with a first closure 816, about half the height of the cuff (adjacent the second flexible intermediate member 894). The distal end 812 is then folded backwardly towards the near end so that a first closure 820 and a second sealing section 822 are formed. The outer surface of the sleeve is secured to the outer surface of the sleeve at the second closure 822 on the flange 820 at the ends of the sleeve by a second sealing member 818. The drive provides a wider cuff distance and a higher cuff height between the thighs 30 to significantly improve the anti-creep properties. It should be noted that the position of the second closure 818 can be varied along the sections to vary the height and distance between the cuffs. The height of the cuff is the tensile garments in a particularly fon66.479 / BE * ····················· · · ······ · · ·

.............

This is because the closing cuff can cause difficulty in recording because the wearer's feet may get caught. The cuff preferably has a height of less than about 44.5 mm, more preferably about 31.75 to 44.5 mm, while the distance between the cuffs in the thigh is about 63.5 to 90 mm.

Figure 9 shows another embodiment of the present invention, wherein the openings 54 are provided on the side panels and a portion of the base layer 940 is removed ("windowed" on the belt plates). This part of the base plate has been removed to provide increased breathability for the 60 and 60 'belt plates. In the case of the belt plates, the belt is thus composed of the respective belt layers (first belt layer 42 and second belt layer 44), the primary layer 86 of the topsheet 80, and individual sections of the single waistband belt 82. Since the primary layer of the belt layer and the topsheet is preferably nonwoven, the water vapor can be exchanged between the inside and the outside of the diaper pants, thereby increasing the overall ventilation of the diaper pants. The openings 54 are similar to those already described and provide increased ventilation through the side plates.

Fig. 10 shows another embodiment of the diaper pants according to the invention. The base plate 1040 also serves as belt layers. The base plate 1040 also provides the outer surface 22 of the diaper 1020, both on the front and rear portions and between the thighs. In this embodiment, the base plate 1040 is preferably made of a nonwoven material that gives the diapers a fabric-like look and feel. The topsheet 80 comprises a primary layer 86 and a pair of sealing layers 88. In this embodiment, the diaper 1020 is provided with a composite backsheet

66.479 / BE »·· is the backing of the absorbent core 84 and reinforcing plates for the creped, laminated sheets in the side panels. In this embodiment, the backsheet comprises a central backsheet 1002 and a pair of backsheet reinforcement plates 1004. Preferably, the central backsheet 1002 is a fluid-permeable film that retains the selection products in the absorbent core 84. However, since the central backsheet 1002 does not need to be mechanically creped, it may be made of a liquid impervious vapor-permeable film that has already been described to give the product general breathability between the thigh and the central plate in the front and back portions. Since the backsheet reinforcement plates 1004 are mechanically creped, they may preferably contain any material suitable for use in the reinforcing plates described above, including non-woven materials or plastic films. In the illustrated embodiment, the backsheet reinforcement plates 1004 are made of a plastic film such as that shown in FIGS. 1 to 3 are used as base plates. While it is preferred that the backsheet reinforcement layers overlap the central backsheet layer and, more preferably, be attached thereto, the backsheet reinforcement layers may alternatively be laterally outwardly bounded to and not reinforced from the central backsheet layer; so the backing reinforcement layer acts as a self-supporting reinforcing layer. Since both the central backsheet 1002 and the backsheet reinforcement layer 1004 are preferably made of a plastic foil, the layers can be attached to each other prior to incorporation into the diaper pants to make the manufacturing process easier. The 78 flexible disks66.479 / BE ·· • ·· · • ·

the members are preferably disposed between the base plate 1040 and the backsheet reinforcement layer 1004 to form the creped laminated sheets.

Although particular embodiments of the present invention have been described and described, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that a number of further modifications and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Hence the attached

Claims (15)

  1. It is intended to include all modifications and modifications within the scope of the present invention.
    66.479 / BE .1
    • ·· ·
    PATIENT INDIVIDUAL POINTS
    1. A single, disposable, self-locking garment comprising:
    (a) a base plate formed by a continuous plate comprising (i) a front portion having an end edge, side edges, thigh edges, a central plate comprising a belt plate and a center plate, side panels extending laterally outwardly said central plate and a seam plate extending laterally outwardly from said side panel to said side edge, said seam plates and said side panels extending longitudinally from said end to said thighs;
    (ii) a rear portion facing said front portion, said rear portion having an end edge, lateral edge, thigh edges, a central plate comprising a belt plate and a center plate, laterally extending outwardly of said central portion; from a sheet and a seam plate extending laterally outwardly from said side panel to said lateral side, said seam plates and said side panels extending longitudinally from said end to said thighs; and (iii) a portion of the thigh between said front and said rear portions;
    66.479 / BE • · ···················· · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ¨ · ¨ · · · · · · · · · · a belt layer is positioned such that it extends laterally through said front portion from at least one of said side panels to said second side panel, said first belt layer being fixed to said base plate;
    (c) a second belt layer is positioned such that it extends laterally through said rear portion from at least one of said side panels to said second side panel, said second belt layer being secured to said base plate;
    (d) a resiliently extensible front creped, laminated sheet is disposed on said side panels of said front portion, said front creped laminated sheets comprising a portion of said base plate in said side panel, a portion of said first belt layer in said side panel, and a resilient sheet member which is operably attached to said base plate or said first belt layer, said front creped laminated sheets may be stretched at least laterally;
    (e) a resiliently extensible back crepe layered sheet is disposed on said side panels of said back portion, said rear creped laminated sheets comprising a portion of said base plate in said side panel, a portion of said second belt layer in said side panel, and a resilient plate -
    66.479 / BE * «· · · * · · · · ······ ······· · ················ · · ··· ·« · ·· · · · ./· got operably attached to said base plate or said second belt layer, said rear creped laminated sheets can be stretched at least laterally; and (f) intermittent warps reinforcing said front portion at said rear portion in confined spaces so as to form two femoral openings and a waist opening.
  2. 2. A single, disposable, self-locking garment comprising:
    (a) a base plate formed by a continuous plate comprising (i) a front portion having an end edge, side edges, thigh edges, a central plate comprising a belt plate and a center plate, side panels extending laterally outwardly said central plate and a seam plate extending laterally outwardly from said side panel to said side edge, said seam plates and said side panels extending longitudinally from said end to said thighs;
    (ii) a rear portion facing said front portion, said rear portion having an end edge, lateral edge, thigh edges, a central plate comprising a belt plate and a center plate, laterally extending outwardly of said central portion; and a seam plate extending laterally outward
    Said side plates, said seam plates and said side panels extend longitudinally from said ends to said thighs; and (ii) a part of the thigh between said front and said rear portions, said base plate having an outer surface and a nonwoven material;
    characterized in that (b) a backsheet is located on said inner surface of said base plate, said backsheet having an outer surface adjacent to said inner surface of said base plate and having an inner surface opposite said exterior surface, em11t. the backsheet comprises a central backsheet layer and a backsheet reinforcement layer which is laterally outwardly facing the backsheet layer in each side panel, said central backsheet layer being fluid impervious and vapor-permeable;
    (c) a liquid permeable topsheet is located on said inner surface of said backsheet;
    (d) a resiliently extensible front creped laminated sheet is disposed on said side panels of said front portion, said front creped laminated sheets comprising a portion of said base plate in said side panel, a portion of said backsheet reinforcement layer in said side panel; one part
    66.479 / BE • ··· · · ♦
    .5.
    • a coating layer in said side panel and a resilient sheet member attached to said base plate, said front creped, laminated sheets being stretchable at least laterally;
    (e) a resiliently extensible back crepe layered layer is disposed on said side panels of said back portion, said rear creped laminated sheets comprising a portion of said base plate in said side panel, a portion of said backsheet reinforcement layer in said side panel, part of said topsheet in said side panel, and a resilient sheet member attached to said base plate, said rear creped, laminated sheets can be stretched at least laterally; and (f) intermittent warps reinforcing said front portion at said rear portion in confined spaces such that two femoral openings and a waist opening are formed.
  3. A disposable, self-fastening garment comprising (a) a belt having (i) a front portion having a central plate having a belt plate and a central plate that is not creased;
    a side panel disposed on either side of said central plate, said side panels being elastic at least laterally; and
    66.479 / BE * · «· · · · · · · ······ ·» ··· · t «Μ ·· ··· ··· ·· ····· · · a seam plate extending laterally outwardly from each side panel;
    (ii) a rear portion having a central plate having a belt plate and a central plate which is not fringed;
    a side panel disposed on either side of said central plate, said side panels being elastic at least laterally; and a seam plate extending laterally outwardly from each side panel;
    (iii) intermittent folds of said sheath plate in said front section with said respective seam plates in said rear portion in a spaced apart position, said belt being continuous;
    said belt comprising a first belt layer extending continuously across said front portion and a second belt layer extending continuously through said rear portion;
    a resilient sheet member operably attached to said first belt layer in said individual sides of said front portion;
    a flexible sheet member operably attached to said second belt layer at said rear
    66.479 / BE • · »· Part 4 on each side of the page;
    a resiliently extensible sheet member operably attached to said first belt layer in said side panels of said front portion;
    a resiliently extensible sheet member operably attached to said second belt layer in said side panels of said rear portion; and (b) an absorbent assembly is attached to said belt in said front portion and said rear portion so as to form a part between the thighs that fits between the wearer's thighs; said absorbent unit has an outer cover layer and an absorbent core attached thereto.
  4. A single, disposable, self-locking garment having a front portion and a rear portion, said front portion and said rear portion overlapping, and at least one interrupted blade in said front portion separated from said back portion.
  5. A single, disposable, self-fastening garment comprising (a) a base plate formed by a continuous plate comprising (i) a front portion having an end edge, side edge, thigh edges, a central plate containing a belt plate and a center plate, side panels extending laterally outward from said central plate and a seam plate extending laterally outwardly from said side panel 66,479 / BE
    Ig from said side edge, said seam plates and said side panels extend longitudinally from said ends to said thighs;
    (ii) a rear portion facing said front portion, said rear portion having an end edge, lateral edge, thigh edges, a central plate comprising a belt plate and a center plate, laterally extending outwardly of said central portion; from a sheet and a seam plate extending laterally outwardly from said side panel to said lateral side, said seam plates and said side panels extending longitudinally from said end to said thighs; and (iii) a portion of the thigh between said anterior and said rear portions, characterized in that (b) an elastically extensible front crepe layer is disposed on said side panels of said front portion, said front creped laminated sheets being at least can be stretched laterally;
    (c) a resiliently extensible back-crepe laminated sheet is disposed on said side panels of said rear portion, said rear creped laminated sheets being stretchable at least laterally; and (d) intermittent seams affix the said front portion to the said rear portion apart
    66.479 / BE with two leg holes and a waist opening • »· 4 · ο» ». >
    • · ······ develop.
  6. The garment according to any one of claims 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5, characterized in that said interrupted sheet seams are fixed to said front and said rear plates.
  7. The garment of claim 6, wherein said front seam plates overlap said back seam plates.
  8. 8. The garment of claim 7, wherein said seams comprise a plurality of individual bond groups, said groups being spaced apart to form fixed portions between them.
  9. 9. The garment of claim 8, wherein the fixed portion ratio is about 20-65% of the length of the suture.
  10. Garment according to claim 8, characterized in that said seam comprises a group adjacent to the thigh opening having a height of at least about 20 mm.
    r
    The proxy:
    66.479 / BE • · · ·
    1/15
    DISCLOSURE
    COPIES
    Figure 1
    Oh · · · · · · · · · · · · ··· · · · · ···· · · · · ··· · · ····
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    3/15 • · * · · · V »• · ······ : 'ί · <* · .. <. Ό & 479 / ΒΕ
    DISCLOSURE EXAMPLE
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    4Ó.479 / BE
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    CM • ···· · · · · ·
    DISCLOSURE
    Figure 8
    8A. «4« · «·« »» ♦ : ·: · & 479Κ · ß · PUBLICATION 10/15 EXAMPLES
    Figure 9
    THANK YOU
  11. 11/15
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    DISCLOSURE
    COPIES
    T9So Loia e · · · · · "* 6ά.'479 / BE · · · · · · · · ··,
  12. 12/15
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  13. 13/15 DISCLOSURE
    COPIES
    7.85 _____________________________________________________________
    POWER (N / cm)
    Figure 12 ···· · · ··. : .'Z5Ő ^ -79? É £ ψ33,> lo A
  14. 14/15
    DISCLOSURE
    COPIES
    POWER (N / cm)
    Figure 13 • ·· · ·· ·· *
    · · ·
  15. 15/15
    DISCLOSURE
    EXAMPLES —'O''.-dTtyBE
    POWER (N / cm)
    Figure 14
HU9901017A 1996-02-22 1997-02-18 Disposable pull-on pant HU9901017A3 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US08/605,605 US5685874A (en) 1996-02-22 1996-02-22 Disposable pull-on pant

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HU9901017A2 true HU9901017A2 (en) 1999-07-28
HU9901017A3 HU9901017A3 (en) 1999-11-29

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JP (4) JP3336014B2 (en)
KR (1) KR19990087168A (en)
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AR (1) AR005981A1 (en)
AU (1) AU2129497A (en)
BR (1) BR9708154A (en)
CA (1) CA2247027C (en)
CO (1) CO4780010A1 (en)
CZ (1) CZ264198A3 (en)
DE (2) DE69709547T2 (en)
ES (1) ES2167713T3 (en)
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HU (1) HU9901017A3 (en)
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