HU0401616A2 - Flooring and method for laying and manufacturing the same - Google Patents

Flooring and method for laying and manufacturing the same Download PDF

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Publication number
HU0401616A2
HU0401616A2 HU0401616A HU0401616A HU0401616A2 HU 0401616 A2 HU0401616 A2 HU 0401616A2 HU 0401616 A HU0401616 A HU 0401616A HU 0401616 A HU0401616 A HU 0401616A HU 0401616 A2 HU0401616 A2 HU 0401616A2
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HU
Hungary
Prior art keywords
floor
edge
type
along
members
Prior art date
Application number
HU0401616A
Other languages
Hungarian (hu)
Inventor
Darko Pervan
Tony Pervan
Original Assignee
Välinge Innovation AB
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Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to SE0103130A priority Critical patent/SE525558C2/en
Application filed by Välinge Innovation AB filed Critical Välinge Innovation AB
Priority to PCT/SE2002/001731 priority patent/WO2003025307A1/en
Publication of HU0401616A2 publication Critical patent/HU0401616A2/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=20285387&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=HU0401616(A2) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/10Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products
    • E04C2/20Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products of plastics
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02005Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips
    • E04F15/02033Joints with beveled or recessed upper edges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0107Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges
    • E04F2201/0115Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges with snap action of the edge connectors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0153Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by rotating the sheets, plates or panels around an axis which is parallel to the abutting edges, possibly combined with a sliding movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/02Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04F2201/023Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections with a continuous tongue or groove
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/02Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04F2201/026Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections with rabbets, e.g. being stepped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/02Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04F2201/027Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections connected by tongues and grooves, the centerline of the connection being inclined to the top surface
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/04Other details of tongues or grooves
    • E04F2201/042Other details of tongues or grooves with grooves positioned on the rear-side of the panel
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/05Separate connectors or inserts, e.g. pegs, pins, keys or strips
    • E04F2201/0517U- or C-shaped brackets and clamps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T409/00Gear cutting, milling, or planing
    • Y10T409/30Milling
    • Y10T409/303752Process

Abstract

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a flooring system which is provided with mechanically interconnected rectangular flooring elements (1-22) and a set of flooring elements (1-22) for forming a floor, and a flooring element made of rectangular flooring elements (1-22). In the system, the single floor elements (1-22) are provided with four pairs of interconnecting pairs of mutually opposite edges, by means of which similar adjacent floor elements (1-22) can be connected to each other both vertically and horizontally. The connecting elements of the floor elements (1-22) are configured to engage by at least snaps in the first direction in the plane of the floor element (1-22) and by inward tilting and / or snaps in the second direction in the plane of the lower element (1-22). The system is provided with different types of floor elements (A, B), and the connecting elements formed on opposite sides of one pair of floor elements (A) (1-22) are mirror-symmetrical with respect to corresponding connecting elements formed on opposite sides of the other type (B). The invention further discloses a method of manufacturing a floor element and forming a floor from mechanically connected floor elements (1-22), and a method and gripping tool for disassembling such floor. SHE

Description

FLOORING FROM RECTANGULAR FLOOR ELEMENTS AND

CONNECTOR AND CONNECTING FLOOR ELEMENTS,

MORE PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF FLOOR ELEMENTS AND FORMING FLOORS FROM MECHANICALLY CONNECTED FLOOR ELEMENTS, NON-METHOD

AND GRAPHING TOOL FOR DISASSEMBLY

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a flooring system having mechanically interlocking rectangular flooring elements, and in each system comprising four pairs of connecting elements arranged in pairs at opposite ends thereof, so that similar adjacent flooring elements are both vertical and water15. in the first direction in the plane of the floor element by at least snap-in, and in the second direction in the plane of the floor element by inward tilting and / or snap, and a floor element kit for mechanically joining one another , with rectangular floor elements, and an adapter for floor elements, which is an untreated floor element, and a sealing strip for floor elements and a method for producing a flooring element consisting of two different types of flooring which can be mechanically connected to one another, the method comprising providing each flooring element with four pairs of connecting elements arranged in pairs at opposite ends thereof, each of which is arranged vertically. and horizontally joining together, a method of forming a floor comprising a floor consisting of mechanically connected floor elements and a gripping tool having a mechanically fixed rectangular floor element, and a method of mechanically joining together a rectangular floor element

2, and each floor element is provided in pairs by pairs of connecting elements along opposite longitudinal edges thereof, which can be connected to one another by at least inward tilting both vertically and horizontally.

The invention relates in particular to floor elements with mechanically joining systems such as WO 94/26999, WO 96/47834, WO 96/27721, WO 99/66151, WO 99/66152, WO 00/28171, disclosed in SE 0100100-7 and SE 0100101-5, but can also be manufactured with other joint systems which are generally used to connect floor elements.

In particular, the present invention relates to joining systems primarily intended for laying floating floors in a state-of-the-art pattern.

The invention is particularly suitable for use with floating wood flooring and laminate flooring, for example, solid wood flooring, parquet flooring, laminate flooring having a surface layer with a high pressure laminate or directly laminated. Parquet floors consist mainly of a wood surface layer, a core and a leveling layer, and are made of rectangular floor elements which are connected to each other along their long and short sides. Laminate flooring, which is provided with a surface layer and a screed layer, is made using a core material made of a fibrous material such as high density fiber (HDF). The layers can be applied by gluing an already prepared decorative layer as a high-pressure laminate. This decorative layer can be made in a single operation, where a plurality of impregnated sheets of paper are pressed together under high pressure and high temperature. However, the most common method used today for laminating floors is direct laminating, which is based on a much more modern operating principle, where both the decorative laminate layer and the application of the layer to the fibreboard are carried out in the same production step. The impregnated sheets of paper are applied directly to the sheet and pressed with high pressure and heat, but without adhesive.

The following description of the state of the art and the known systems, as well as the objects and features of the invention, are given below by way of non-limiting examples. However, it should be emphasized that the invention is applicable to any type of flooring which may be laid in different patterns by means of a mechanical joint system. The invention is thus applicable to floor elements with plastic surface flooring, linoleum, cork, lacquered wood fiber surfaces, and floor elements made of synthetic fibers.

Traditional laminate and parquet floors are usually laid in a floating manner, ie without gluing on an existing substrate, which does not have to be completely flat. The unevenness can be compensated by a substrate, such as corrugated paper, cork, or foamed plastic, which is placed between the floor elements and the substrate. Floating floors of this type are usually joined by glued tongue and groove joints (i.e. joints where the tongue is on one floor member and the groove is on the other floor member) along both their longer and shorter sides. During laying, the floor elements are connected horizontally to each other, i.e. the tongue protruding from the edge of one floor element is inserted into the tongue groove of the other floor element. The same procedure is used for both the long side and the shorter side, and the floor elements are usually laid parallel to each other along their long sides and shorter sides.

In addition to traditional flooring with such tongue / tongue and groove jointing, flooring elements have recently been developed which do not require adhesive to be laid, but are called mechanical fasteners. they are connected by mechanical joining systems. These systems include closures that secure the floor members in both vertical and horizontal directions. Mechanical joining systems can be formed by machining the core of the floor element. It is also possible to make individual parts of the floor elements of a separate material, which is made of .....

-4 are combined with a floor element, for example, it is already attached to the floor element during production of the floor element in the factory. The floor elements may be joined to one another by, for example, joining or sealing, by means of a variety of tilting, snaping and insertion methods, in which the floor elements are joined along their connecting edges and thus placed in a closed position. Connecting here means that the floor elements provided with connecting elements are mechanically connected to one another in one direction, for example horizontally or vertically. Connecting to each other means that the floor elements are fixed to each other both horizontally and vertically.

One of the major advantages of mechanical joining floating floors is that they can be laid quickly and easily with different inward tilting and snaps. However, they can be easily picked up and reused in another location.

All existing mechanical joining systems and floors that need to be glued to each other have vertical locking means that close the floor members along a plane passing through the plane of the floor member. The vertical closures include a tongue which fits into a groove formed on the adjacent floor element. Thus, the floor elements cannot be joined to one another along their grooved or tongue side. The horizontal joint system also generally includes a closure arranged on one side that cooperates with a groove on the other side. Thus, the floor elements cannot be assembled along their sides with the closure or along their grooved sides. This means that in practice the laying can only take place in parallel rows. Using this technique, it is impossible to create a traditional parquet pattern, whereby the floor elements along their longer sides also fit on the shorter side, forming various shapes of herringbone or cassette.

Such sophisticated patterns were originally created by laying a large number of logs of appropriate size so that the substrate was the correct pattern · «« * ·

-5 coatings were applied with glue and, after laying, the parquet could be sanded to create a smooth floor surface, finally applied with varnish or oil. The logs in this method were not fitted with closures because the logs were fixed to the substrate with glue.

Another known method for producing more demanding patterns is to provide a groove on the logs along the sides of the logs. By placing the logs, tongues were inserted into the grooves in the correct position. As a result, they obtained a floor where the logs were fixed vertically relative to each other by means of a tongue which was inserted into the groove of the adjacent log. This process may have been improved by using an adhesive to prevent horizontal movement and to prevent vertical movement of the floor relative to the subfloor.

U.S. Patent No. 1,787,027 to Wasleff discloses a different system for forming herringbone parquet. The system has a number of logs that are laid on the subfloor to create herringbone parquet. Each log is provided with elements consisting of tongues and tongue grooves extending over part of each edge of the log. When the logs are laid in a herringbone pattern, the tongues and tongue grooves are aligned so that the logs are mechanically secured to each other both vertically and horizontally. However, the tongues and tongue grooves found at Wasleff are of the conventional type, that is, they cannot be snap or tilted together, and the strong locking effect only occurs once a number of logs have been laid and a part of the floor has formed. The Wasleff system consists of two types of logs, which are mirror images of the tongue and the location of the tongue grooves. The joint system is designed so that a finger mill is required to form the tongue groove. This, in turn, is disadvantageous because machining using finger mills is a relatively slow machining operation.

* ί · · Τ

-6 U.S. Pat. No. 4,426,820 (Terbrack) discloses floor elements that can be joined along the long side to the shorter side of the other floor element if the floor comprises two different floor elements, where the floor elements are provided with an interlocking system and the floor elements are they can be laid together or laid in a closed position which cannot be slid so that the snap-on connection of these floor elements is out of the question. Figures 11 and 23 of that application show floor elements which are mirror images of one another. However, this is not described in detail in the description. Columns 5 through 10-13. lines seem to indicate that it is possible to connect shorter pages to longer ones. However, it is not apparent how a complete floor can be laid using such floor elements to form a pattern. Due to the lack of removability in the connected position and due to the lack of snap-in, it is not possible to create a floor using the floor elements revealed by Terbrack, which in turn can be formed using the present invention.

U.S. Patent No. 5,295,341 to Kajiwara discloses snap-on floor elements having two different longer side portions. One side of the longer side is formed with a groove and the other part with a tongue. These floor elements cannot be moved in their closed position either. Their production is complicated and they do not produce the desired pattern.

In January 1997, Domotex introduced a "Bódén Wand Decke" laminate flooring, where the floor elements are connected to each other to form a floor with a simple pattern. It can also be seen that the floor elements are connected to the shorter sides along their long sides, but only so that each shorter side that is connected to the longer side lies along a straight line. As a result, this application is also a prior art system.

· «· Ί · · 1 · ·» V χ. ··: · ·· * · »* · · * *** ·

-7All known floors that can be laid in a herringbone pattern are usually provided with a wooden surface. However, it is not known how laminate flooring can be laid in a herringbone pattern. Such a laminate flooring has the same appearance as a real wood flooring, but can be manufactured at significantly lower costs and better properties, especially with regard to durability and impact resistance.

Therefore, the object of the present invention is to lay flooring elements, joints, laying! develop a process, a manufacturing process and a disassembly process that allows the laying of a floor consisting of square or rectangular floor elements that can be mechanically but in a more sophisticated pattern secured to each other by attaching their longer sides to shorter sides , and can be reused. Another object of the present invention is to provide a floor that is cheaper than floors that can be produced today by rational manufacturing processes, and that it is cheaper to lay and more demanding. A particular object of the invention is to provide a floor having a surface of a high pressure laminate or a direct laminate. The terms longer and shorter are used to facilitate understanding. According to the invention, the floor elements can be rectangular, rectangular or rectangular and rectangular, or may have different patterns or have other decorative properties in different directions.

The object of the present invention is to provide a flooring system which is provided with mechanically connectable rectangular flooring elements, and in the system each flooring element is provided with four pairs of connecting elements along opposite edges of each other, with similarly arranged adjacent flooring elements. they may be connected in a horizontal direction, and the connecting elements of the floor elements shall be formed by at least snap-in in the first direction designated in the plane of the floor element and inwardly tilted and / or be in position in the second direction designated by the plane of the floor element. · ·, ·,, · V ,. , »

The system is provided with two different types of floor elements, and the connecting elements formed on opposite sides of one type of floor element are arranged mirror-symmetrically with respect to the corresponding connecting elements formed on opposite sides of the other type of floor element.

Preferably, the floor elements can be displaced in one of the first and second directions defined in the plane of the floor element in the connected position of the connecting elements, along the joint between the floor elements.

Advantageously, the coupling elements which can be connected in the first direction can be disconnected at a lower tension than the connecting elements which can be connected in the second direction.

The coupling elements are conveniently coupled coupling elements.

The two mutually perpendicular edges of the floor member are preferably provided with identical connecting members.

Preferably, one of the pairwise facing edges of the floor member is provided with a protruding closure formed of the material of the floor member, while the other of the pairwise facing edges of the floor member is provided with a locking slot receiving the closure member of the floor member.

Preferably, the closure member is formed on a lower closure band.

Preferably, the locking groove is open downwards and is spaced from the edge of the floor member.

The locking groove is preferably formed on the back of the floor member.

Preferably, the closure member is joined to the lower portion of the tongue engaging member formed at the first edge, and the closure groove is disposed on the lower lip forming the tongue engaging engagement member at the second opposite edge.

The lower lip preferably extends beyond the upper surface of the floor member.

The closure member is preferably joined to the upper portion of the tongue groove connector formed on the first edge, and the closure groove is provided with the second, »X

- »*

At the edge opposite to the eye, it is arranged on the upper lip forming a tongue-and-groove connector.

The first type of floor member is preferably provided with a longer side which is several times the length of the shorter side of the second type of floor member.

The connecting elements of the floor elements are preferably made of different materials or materials of the same but different material properties in the first and second directions indicated in the plane of the floor element.

The connecting elements of the floor elements are preferably formed in a manner that can be coupled with inward tilting in the first and second directions in the plane of the floor element.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a flooring system having mechanically connectable rectangular flooring members, each pair of flooring members having four pairs of members joining pairs at opposite ends thereof, so that similar adjacent floor members are at least vertical to one another. and the pairs of connecting members formed at opposing edges of the floor members are designed to be connected by tilting and / or snap in both horizontal and vertical directions at least in a first designated direction in the plane of the floor member, and the system is provided with two different types of floor members; connecting elements formed on opposite sides of one pair of floor elements of the other type they are mirror-symmetrical with respect to the corresponding coupling members formed along opposite edges of each pair of lemen.

The pairs of connecting members formed along opposite edges of the floor members are preferably arranged in the second direction of the plane of the floor member so that they can be closed vertically.

Preferably, in the second direction, only a tongue-in-tongue insert for a tongue-and-groove connector for vertical mounting is provided.

The connecting members arranged along the long side of the floor members are preferably configured to be connected both vertically and horizontally, and the connecting members are only vertically connectable along the short side of the floor member.

Advantageously, both the horizontal and vertical fasteners are formed along the short side of the floor element, and only the vertical fasteners are formed along the long side of the floor elements.

Advantageously, a gripping groove is formed along at least one of the four edges of the floor member on the back of the floor member into which a force is applied from the grip groove to the edge of the floor member by inserting a gripping tool.

Preferably, the gripping groove is at a certain distance from the wind.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a set of flooring elements which are made of flooring and which are mechanically connected to each other by means of rectangular flooring elements, and each floor element is provided with pairs of connecting elements arranged in pairs opposite each other. both vertically and horizontally coupled together, the connecting elements of the floor elements are configured to be interconnected by at least snaps in the first direction defined in the plane of the floor element and inwardly tilted and / or snaps in the second direction designated by the plane of the floor element; with a type of floor element and a connector formed along opposite sides of one of the types of floor element the flaps are mirror-symmetrical with respect to the corresponding connecting members formed on opposite sides of the other type of floor element.

Further, our object is to provide a set of flooring elements which are suitable for forming a flooring and which are provided with rectangular flooring elements which can be mechanically connected to each other, and each of the flooring elements has four opposite pairs of sides t · · · ··· · «· ··« · t «

-11 are provided with pairs of means for connecting similar adjacent floor elements at least vertically, and pairs of connecting elements formed at opposite edges of each other such that at least in the first direction defined in the plane of the floor, both they are connected vertically inwardly by tilting and / or snaps and the system is provided with two different types of floor elements, and the connecting elements formed on opposite sides of one type of floor element are mirrored relative to the corresponding connecting elements formed on opposite sides of the other type arranged.

The different types of floor elements are preferably packaged in the same package.

The different types of floor elements are preferably packaged in different packages.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a connector which is usable for the floor elements forming the system of the invention and which has an untreated floor member and at least one inclined edge and a connector member cooperating with the floor members connected thereto.

Preferably, each coupling member is adapted to receive a projection protruding from the adjacent floor member.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a sealing strip suitable for connecting the floor elements according to the invention, the sealing strip being substantially two-way in two directions and adapted to connect the same closing elements of adjacent floor elements.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a method for producing two different types of flooring consisting of mechanically adjoining flooring elements, in which each flooring is arranged in pairs against each other (· · · · ··· ···· «« ··· · · ···· · ·

- pairs of connecting members along their 12-point edges, which allow similar adjacent floor elements in both vertical and horizontal directions (to be connected to each other, and to form the connecting elements of the floor elements by at least snaps in the designated direction in the plane of the floor element; connected by tilting in and / or snap in a designated second direction in the plane of the floor member, and forming the floor members as first and second type floor members, and connecting members of the first type floor member along opposing edge pairs of second type floor member align the mirror elements symmetrically, then move the untreated floor element and the first set of tools in a straight line and in the first direction relative to one another, and forming a pair of opposed first edges of the untreated floor member by forming a first pair of connecting members and moving the untreated floor member and second set of tools in a straight line and in a second direction relative to one another and machining a second pair of opposed second pair of edges forming a connecting member, and continuously manufacturing the first type of floor element from the first set of tools to the second set of tools, while manufacturing the second type of floor element from the first set of tools to the second set by rotating the floor in its own plane and forming a second pair of connecting members in a mirror-symmetrical position relative to the position of the first type of floor element.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a flooring element comprising two different types of flooring consisting of mechanically connectable flooring elements, wherein each flooring is provided with pairs of four connecting elements arranged in pairs at opposite ends thereof. adjacent floor elements (at least horizontally) may be joined to each other and pairs of connecting elements along opposite edges of the floor elements may be joined by tilting and / or snaping in at least the first direction in the plane of the floor element, both horizontally and vertically and forming a first and second type of flooring elements which differ from each other in that the joints formed along the edges of the floorboard are mirror-symmetrically arranged relative to the corresponding coupling members formed on opposite sides of the other type of flooring element, and the untreated floorboard and the first set of tools are moved and aligned with each other; forming a first pair of fasteners, moving the unprocessed floor member and second tool set in a straight line and in a second direction relative to one another, and machining a pair of opposing second edges of the unprocessed floor member to form a second pair of flooring members; during which the raw floor element is continuously transferred from the first tool set to the second tool set, m In the manufacture of the second type of floor element, the floor element is conveyed from the first set of tools to the second set of tools by rotating the floor element in its own plane by half a turn and forming a second pair of connecting elements in mirror-symmetrical position.

In addition, our object is to provide a method for forming a floor consisting of mechanically connectable floor elements, wherein each floor element is provided with four pairs of elements which are joined in pairs at opposite ends thereof, so that similar adjacent floor elements are provided. and connecting the floor members by at least snaps in the first direction in the plane of the floor, and by tilting in and / or snap in the second direction in the plane of the floor, and the first and second types of floor members ί · ··: ·

-14, and connecting the first type of flooring members to the respective connecting members formed by opposing edge pairs of the second type of flooring, mirror-symmetrically arranged to one of the short sides of the first type of flooring, attaching and then sealing the first edge of the third floor member with the long side of a previously joined floor member and moving the first edge of the third floor member along the joint and snaping the second edge of the third floor member to the longer side of a previously connected floor member; repeat.

The closure of the first two floor elements is preferably accomplished by tilting inward.

The closure of the first two floor elements is preferably performed by snap-in.

The closure of the first two floor elements is preferably accomplished by joining the edge of the previously laid floor element.

Preferably, the edge of the third floor element is tilted inwardly with the floor element or floor elements already laid.

The closure of the edge of the third floor element is preferably accomplished by snaps on one of the previously laid floor elements.

The first edge of the third floor element is inserted into the edge of the previously laid floor element, preferably along the edge of the previously laid floor element.

The object of the present invention is to provide a method for forming a floor of mechanically interlocking floor elements, wherein each floor element is provided with four pairs of elements which are connected in pairs at opposite ends thereof, so that similar adjacent floor elements are both vertical and horizontal. can be connected in the direction of one another, and the connecting elements of the floor elements are formed so that they are snaped at least in the first direction in the plane of the floor element and in the plane of the floor element.

·

Can be connected by tilting in and / or snap in the second designated direction, and the floor elements are formed as first and second type floor elements, and the connecting elements of the first type floor element are mirror-symmetrical to respective connecting elements formed by opposing edge pairs of arranging and joining two floor panels of the same type along their long sides by moving the floor panels relative to each other at a distance corresponding to the width of the second floor panel and closing the first edge of the second floor panel to the first edge of a previously laid floor panel; moving the first edge along its edge and the second edge of a second type of third floor element with the first edge of a previously laid floor element, snap in and repeat the process to add new flooring elements.

The closure of the first two floor elements is preferably accomplished by tilting inward.

The closure of the first two floor elements is preferably accomplished by snap-in.

The sealing of the first two floor elements is preferably accomplished by insertion into the edge of a previously laid floor element.

The edge of the third floor element is preferably made by tilting inwardly with the floor element or floor elements already laid.

The edge sealing of the third floor element is preferably performed by snaps on one of the previously laid floor elements.

Preferably, the first edge of the third floor element is inserted into the edge of the previously laid floor element, preferably along the edge of the previously laid floor element.

Preferably, the first edge of the third floor member is joined to the first edge of one of the two floor members by aligning the shorter side of the third floor member with the longer side of the first floor member of the two floor members.

• · * / · ·· »· • ·« · 4 ♦

Preferably, the first edge of the third floor member is joined to the first edge of one of the two floor members by aligning the longer side of the third floor member with the shorter side of the first floor member among the two floor members.

Preferably, a fourth floor member is connected to its longer side with its longer side and moved along the longer side, then closes the shorter side of the fourth floor member with the longer side of the first floor member and snaps the connecting member of the other longer side of the fourth floor member. with a shorter side.

In addition, our object is to provide a method of forming a floor from mechanically interlocking floor elements, wherein each floor element is provided with four pairs of joining elements (pairs of pairs opposite each other in pairs), whereby similar adjacent floor elements are at least horizontal. pairs of connecting elements along opposite edges of the floor elements by connecting them by tilting and / or snaping in at least one first direction in the plane of the floor element, both horizontally and vertically, and forming first and second type of floor elements which differ from one another in that one type of floor element is formed by coupling elements formed on opposite sides of each other a second type of floor member is connected to one of the long sides of a second type of floor member and then closes the first edge of a third floor member with a previously joined side and moving the first edge of the third floor member along the joint and snaping the second edge of the third floor member to the long side of a previously joined floor member and repeating the process to add additional floor members.

The closure of the edge of the third floor member is preferably accomplished by tilting inwardly with the floor member (s) already laid.

The sealing of the edge of the third floor element is preferably accomplished by snap-in with one of the previously laid floor elements.

The joining of the first edge of the third floor element with the edge of a previously laid floor element is preferably accomplished by insertion along the edge of the previously laid floor element.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a floor comprising mechanically interlocking floor elements, wherein each floor element is provided with pairs of four connecting elements arranged in pairs at opposite ends thereof, at least horizontally adjacent to each other. and connecting pairs of connecting members at opposing edges of the floor members by interconnecting them by tilting and / or snap in both horizontal and vertical directions at least in the first direction defined in the plane of the floor member, and forming first and second type of floor members; they differ from each other in that the connecting members formed on opposite sides of each other are paired with the other two floor elements of the same type are connected to each other along their long sides by moving the floor elements relative to each other at a distance similar to the width of the first type of floor element, and moving the first edge of a previously laid floor element and moving the first edge of the third floor element along its edge and snaping the second edge of a second type of third floor element with the first edge of a previously laid floor element and repeating the process to add new floor elements.

··> · * · ι ·

-18Αζ first two floor elements are sealed preferably by tilting inward.

The closure of the first two floor elements is preferably accomplished by snap-in.

The joining of the first two floor elements is preferably accomplished by insertion into the edge of a previously laid floor element.

The joining of the two first floor elements is preferably accomplished by sealing.

The connection of the first edge of the third floor element to one of the previously laid floor elements is preferably performed by inwardly tilting.

The joining of the first edge of the third floor element with one of the previously laid floor elements is preferably performed by snap-in.

The joining of the first edge of the third floor element with one of the previously laid floor elements is preferably accomplished by insertion along the edge of the previously laid floor element.

The joining of the first edge of the third floor element is preferably accomplished by sealing it with one of the previously laid floor elements.

Preferably, the first edge of the third floor member is joined to the first edge of the two floor members by connecting the shorter side of the third floor member to the longer side of one of the two floor members.

The joining of the first edge of the third floor element to the first edge of the two floor elements is preferably accomplished by connecting the longer side of the third floor element to the shorter side of the first floor element.

Preferably, a fourth floor member is joined with its longer side to the longer side of the third floor member, and is moved along this by connecting the shorter side of the fourth floor member to the longer side of the first floor member and the second longer side of the fourth floor member. · · · ·

-19, during the movement, is joined to the shorter side of a fifth floor member.

Preferably, one of said connections is made by closure.

A further object of the present invention is to use a gripping tool which can be used to disassemble a floor consisting of rectangular floor elements which are mechanically fastened and where each floor element is provided with pairs of four connecting elements paired at opposite ends thereof, each of which is adjacent to each other. and horizontally connected to each other, the connecting elements of the floor elements being configured to engage by at least snaps in the first direction in the plane of the floor element and inwardly tilting and / or snaping in the second direction in the plane of the flooring element. to the opposite edge of the edge and substantially to the edge of the edge of the connector to be disconnected it is provided with a force pick-up device for receiving force in the direction of force and a device for transmitting the force from the pick-up device to the grip member and for generating tension in the coupling member.

Preferably, the gripping member is adapted to fit into a gripping groove at a distance spaced from the edge of the floor member, or preferably to engage the attachment member of the floor member.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a method for dismantling a floor consisting of rectangular floor panels which can be mechanically connected to one another, wherein each floor section of the floor is provided with pairs of pairs of similarly adjacent floor panels. they can be connected to each other both vertically and horizontally, and the connecting elements of the floor elements are designed to snap in at least one snap in the first direction in the plane of the floor and inward in the second direction in the plane of the floor.

-20 and / or snap-in, and a gripping element is applied to an edge opposite to the edge of the floor member to be disconnected, and a force is applied substantially perpendicular to the edge of the floor member to be disconnected.

Preferably, the gripping element is fitted to the connecting means arranged on the edge.

The gripping member is preferably inserted into a gripping groove formed on the lower half of the wind.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a floor consisting of rectangular floor elements, each pair of floor members having pairs of connecting elements arranged in pairs along opposite longitudinal sides thereof, which can be connected to each other by tilting at least vertically and horizontally is made of layered floor elements in a herringbone pattern.

Preferably, the shorter edges of the floor members are provided with pairs of opposed connecting members for horizontal closure.

Preferably, the shorter edges of the floor members are provided with pairs of opposed connecting members that permit vertical closure.

The floor is preferably provided with two different types of flooring elements, and one type of flooring member connecting elements arranged in opposite pairs of mirrors is a mirror image of the connecting members arranged at opposite edges of the other type of flooring member.

The connecting means of the longer edges are preferably of a size and function to be fitted to the floor element adjacent long edge arranged coupling elements, and the short edges connecting ·· · »· * • 't .. · ·.

Its -21 elements are dimensioned so that they can be attached to one of the longer edges.

One of the great advantages of the present invention is that the floor members can be joined along their longer sides to their shorter sides, and the connection can be made quickly and easily in all four directions from a starting point. variations. Mirror symmetric interface systems do not need to be the same to make the connection. Surfaces that do not cooperate with the vertical and horizontal locking means may, for example, have different shapes. For example, the outer part of the tongue and the inner part of the groove can be varied.

The floor element kit of the present invention is suitable for the production of the floor of the present invention. Such a kit can be commercially advantageous because the buyer obtains a kit of flooring elements that can be matched to one another by purchasing such a kit. This is particularly advantageous if there are differences in the color of the surface or in the tolerance of the joints during the manufacturing process.

The fasteners of the present invention can provide substantial assistance in a pattern that is more demanding than laying the floor, such as a herringbone pattern, since it is possible to quickly and efficiently lay the floor members at angles other than 90 °. Because the joints are provided with connecting members, a herringbone pattern can be formed where both the frame and the actual herringbone pattern are mechanically connected to each other so that the entire floor is mechanically held together.

For example, the closure tape of the present invention may help when no adapter is available or if one wants to make all the adapters with the same attachment means, for example, to reduce the number of variations of the attachments.

The advantage of identical and mirror-symmetrical jointing systems according to the invention is that the floor elements can be manufactured economically, although they have two different types, for example type A and type B floor elements, which have ··) · * · χ *

-22 identical but mirror symmetric interfaces along their longer and shorter sides. For example, the longer sides of floor elements A and B can be machined on a first machine. Subsequently, the Type A floor element is fed to an additional machining machine where the shorter sides are machined. Floor elements, such as type B floor elements, which are intended to be provided with a mirror-symmetrical joint system, can be rotated 180 ° in their own plane before machining their shorter sides. Thus, the two type A and B floor elements can be machined with the same machining machine and the same tool set.

The quick and efficient laying of the flooring according to the invention can be achieved by all four different methods according to the invention.

In one embodiment of the flooring system according to the invention, the shorter sides need not be provided with locking means over the entire length of the shorter side, since the floor elements are narrow and the shorter sides are held together by the longer sides. The shorter sides may, however, be provided with vertical and / or horizontal mechanical coupling or locking means as described above, and the floor may also be partially joined by gluing applied to the shorter and / or longer sides below the floor members. The mechanical fasteners guide the floor along the long sides and make it easier to lay the floor even when adhesive is used.

If the length of the long side is several times the length of the shorter side, for example one, two, three or four times, a symmetrical pattern can be formed. If the fitting system is operable or the connection can be made by decision, extremely fast laying can be achieved, for example by tilting the longer side and snaping the shorter side.

The joining systems on the longer or shorter sides may be made of different materials or of the same material but with different properties, for example made of wood or veneer sheet, different wood materials or different fiber directions, or wood-based flooring materials such as HDF or MDF or different types wood-fiber plates.

-23Aluminium may also be used to form the joint system. This results in lower production and manufacturing costs, more reliable operation with respect to inward bending, better fit along the connection flange, and snap properties and durability.

The invention will now be further exemplified. with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the drawing it is

1a to 1e. Figures 2a to 2e show prior art interface systems; Fig. 4a shows known floor elements that can be laid by snap and snap, a

3a - 3b. Fig. 4A shows a layout in parallel lines according to the state of the art, a

4a - 4b. Fig. 2A shows a floor element with a mirror symmetrical joint system according to the present invention

5a - 5b. Figures 6a-6c show the laying of floor elements according to the invention; FIG. 7a to 7b. Figure 2 is a second view of the invention. 8a to 8e. Figure 3 is a third view of the invention. 9a to 9e. Figures 10a-10c illustrate the joining elements used to form the herringbone pattern floor of the present invention; FIG. represent patterns, a

Figure 11 illustrates a method for manufacturing floor elements according to the invention, a

Figure 12 shows how the floor elements can be separated and a

Figure 13 illustrates how, in accordance with the invention, the long sides can be joined to the shorter sides.

In the following description, two types of floor elements 1, 2 according to the invention will be described. This is just an illustration of the cooperation between the two floor elements 1, u. · ♦ # · ·· »·

-24 targeting. Which of the 1,1 'floor elements is designated A or B is completely irrelevant to the present invention.

1a. - 1e. Figures 1 to 5 show floor elements 1,1 'having a surface 31, a core 30 and a backside 32, and the joining edges 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b of the state of the art are provided with mechanical joining systems. The vertical fastening is provided by a tongue-in-groove connector 9 and a tongue-in-connector 10. The locking elements 8, which provide horizontal anchorage, engage the locking grooves 12. 1a. 1c and 1c. 6 to 9, the bottom 32 has a lower lip 6 which is integrally formed or supported by the closure 8. 1b. 1d, 1d and 1e. 6 to 8 are distinguished by the closure element 8 and the locking groove 12, which are formed in the form of a tongue groove. Interface systems are shown in Figure 1a. 1c. 1A to 4A, 4b, 5a, 5b, they can be joined together by snap-in, and snap-in, while in Figs. and 1e. The systems shown in Figures 1 to 4 can only be interconnected by horizontal snaps.

2a. - 2e. Figures 2 to 4 illustrate a known floor element 1 with known mechanical joining systems for connecting the same floor elements 1 'by tilting (Fig. 2d) or snap-in (Fig. 2e) along their connecting edges. This type of floor element can only be connected along its longer side 4a with the longer side 4b, since it is not possible to connect the tongue connector 10 to the tongue groove connector 9 here. The same applies to the shorter pages 5a, 5b.

3a. - 3b. Figs. procedure to introduce known laying! sample. 3a. In Fig. 4, the tongue coupling 10 is marked on the long side 4 and on the shorter side 3 by a thicker line. The method that would be used today for laying wood and laminate floors with mechanical coupling means is shown in Fig. 3b. is shown. Identical floor elements 1 are laid in parallel rows with shorter sides 3 offset.

::; bow. »» * «*» * *

-25A 4a. - 4b. 4A, 4b, which in this embodiment are three times longer than the shorter sides 5a, 5b. The floor members have a first pair of vertical and horizontal coupling members, also called coupling members 9, 10, which cooperate with a second pair of vertical and horizontal coupling members 9, 10. The two types are identical in this embodiment, except that the position of the coupling members 9, 10 is mirror-symmetrical. The tongue-and-groove connector 9 and the tongue-and-groove connector 10 allow the longer sides to be connected to the shorter sides when the first pair of tongue-and-groove connector 9 is connected to the second pair of connector members 9, 10. In this embodiment, the connection can be made by snap-in or by inward inclination, but also by inserting the connector along the edges 4a, 5a, 4b, 5b. There are quite a few variants. The two types of floor elements 1, A, B must have the same shape and the connecting elements 9, 10 may have a different shape, as mentioned above, that the longer side 4 can be connected to the shorter side 3. The coupling 9, 10 may be made of the same or different materials or of the same material but with different material properties. For example, the connector 9, 10 may be plastic or metal. It can be made of the same material as the floor element, but undergoes a modification of the properties, such as impregnation.

5a. - 5b. Figs. and 4b. 1 to 4, which can be joined in a herringbone pattern by connecting their longer sides 4 to the shorter sides 3. The laying! For example, the order may be as shown in Figure 5, where the floor elements 1 are numbered from 1 to 22.

The invention can also be applied to floor elements 1 of various sizes. For example, the floor elements 1 can be of the same size as the wooden pattern beams of conventional patterned parquet flooring. For example, the width may vary from 7 to 9 cm and the length from 40 to 80 cm. However, it is also possible to apply the invention to floor elements 1 whose size today

Λ * ·· • »

-26a matches the size of parquet or laminate flooring often found on the market. Of course, other sizes are acceptable. It is also possible that different types of flooring elements (such as A and B) can be of different sizes and thus create different patterns. Further, different materials can be applied to different floor elements in the same floor. Suitable combinations are, for example, wood laminate, laminate linoleum and wood linoleum combinations. Floatable floor elements 1 can be produced with synthetic fiber surfaces, such as felt, for example applied to a fiber-based floor element, such as HDF. Wood and laminate flooring can also be combined with synthetic flooring. These material combinations are particularly advantageous if the floor elements are suitably of the same thickness and of a joint system that allows the connection of the different floor elements. Such combinations of materials also make it possible to create floors with different properties, such as sound insulation or durability, etc. As. For example, high strength and durability materials can be used in corridors. Of course, these floor combinations can be connected in the conventional way.

Figures 6 to 8 show various methods of laying herringbone flooring using floor elements 1. LD in each figure indicates the direction of the laying.

Figure 6 is the first installation! procedure. 6a. In Figures 1 to 4, a first floor element G1 and a second floor element G2 are connected to one another and preferably secured to one another so that the longer side 4 is connected to the shorter side 3. Here, the connection can be made either by snap-in, edge-to-edge connection 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, or by tilting inward. Such inward inclination means rotation about a substantially horizontal axis. A third floor element G3 is added to the laid ones by first connecting the long side 4 to the long side 4 of the floor element G2, and then moving it fixedly along the floor element G2 and attaching it to the shorter side 3 of the floor element G1. Connection with G2 floor element by tilting inward or snap

· * | *

-27 can go on while the G2 floor element snaps into place.

6b. Figure 3A shows a further possibility of laying the third floor element G3, first connecting the floor element G3 to the longer side 4 of the floor element G1, then moving it in a fixed position along the floor element G1 and then snaping it onto the floor element G2. 6a. 6b and 6b. The method shown in FIG. 1B gives essentially the same result.

6c. 6A shows how an additional floor element G4 can be laid over the same way as with the floor element G3, i.e., as shown in FIG. 6a. 6b, up to FIG. 6b. with the connection shown in fig. Further floor elements 1 can be laid by repeating these steps.

7a. Figure 2 is a second layout! procedure. 7a. 6a, two floor elements G1 and G2 are joined to each other in the same manner as in FIG. 6a. . Subsequently, the floor element G3 is joined to the shorter side 3 of the floor element G1 and to the longer side 4 of the floor element G2, since these shorter and longer sides 3 have identical connecting elements 9, 10. Thus, the G3 floor element can be attached and secured either by bending inwardly or by tilting it, or by inserting or snaping on the joint edge. The position of the floor element G3 can be changed by moving the floor element G3 along the edges 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b so that the shorter side 3 is in line with the longer side 4 of the floor element G1 and forms a uniform connecting flange. 7b. FIG. 4A shows how the G4 floor unit is connected to the unit G1 and G3 in the same way as the G3 floor unit.

Figure 8 is a third layout! procedure.

8a. FIG. 3A shows that a plurality of floor elements GO, G1 and G3 are arranged and joined to one another along their long sides 4, whereby the shorter sides 3 of the floor elements are offset relative to one another. The extent of displacement of the shorter sides 3 is equal to the width of the floor element G2. The move is finally »* ·» * * »->

,, 4 ». · Ψ · »υ

-28 can be folded using, for example, adapters, which will be seen in Figure 9. There are two ways to lay the G2 floor element.

8a. Fig. 4A shows that the long side of the floor member G2 is first connected by tilting, pasting or snaping inwardly to the shorter side of the floor member G1. The floor member G2 is then moved, when connected, along the short side of the floor member G1 until the shorter side 3 of the floor member G2 snaps into contact with the longer side 4 of the floor member G3.

8b. Fig. 2A shows a second option for laying the floor element G2, i.e., when the shorter side 3 is first connected with the longer side 4 of the floor element G3 by tilting, pasting or snaping inwards, and then the floor element G2 is moved in the inserted state until snaps into the shorter side 3 of the G1 floor unit.

8c. Fig. 4A shows how an additional floor element G4 is laid next to the already laid floor elements GO, G1, G2. First, the longer side 4 of the G4 floor panel is connected to the longer side of the G2 floor panel. The floor member G4 is then moved between the floor members G2 and GO so that the other longer side 4 of the floor member G4 and the shorter side 3 of the floor member G4 move and the connecting member 9,10 of the floor member slides in a straight line to the shorter side 3 of the floor member GO. 9, 10, and the connector 3 of the shorter side of the floor member G4 is clicked into the longer side 4 of the floor member G1.

Adding additional floor elements to these 8c. 7A is repeated by repeating the steps of FIG.

8d. and 8e. Figures 6 to 9 show the possibility of connecting a further floor element G2, G4 to a row of floor elements G0, G1, G3.

8d. FIG. 2B may be used to connect the floor member G2 to the floor member G0 and G1 by connecting the longer side 4 of the floor member G2 first by tilting, pasting or snaping inwardly on the shorter side 3 of the floor member G0,

Λ (ι * · · Μ A ·

ί. ". ·, · Λ Μ- · '· ν

-29 while the shorter side 3 is not connected to the longer side 4 of the G1 floor by snaps or by first connecting the shorter side 3 of the G2 floor to the longer side 4 of the G1 floor by tilting inward, pasting or snap, and then moving it until the 3 shorter sides 3 snap into the longer side 4 of the G1 floor member.

8e. Figure 4A shows the addition of another G4 floor element. Preferably, the longer sides 4 of this G4 floor member are first joined by inwardly tilting, snaping or insertion to the G1 and G4 floor members 4, the longer sides 3 of which are in line with each other and form a uniform continuous connecting flange. Subsequently, the floor member G4 is moved along this connection flange until the shorter side 3 of the floor member G4 snaps into the longer side 4 of the floor member G3. Alternatively, the reverse order of joining may be followed by first connecting the shorter side 3 of the G4 floor panel to the longer side 4 of the G3 panel by tilting inward, inserting or snaping it, and then sliding the G4 floor panel on The 4 longer sides of the G4 floor member are not connected to the 4 longer or 3 shorter sides of the G1 and G2 floor members.

The laying described! procedures if necessary the current laying! can be combined according to the situation. Generally, when two coupling members 9, 10 are connected to each other, the portion of the coupling member 9, 10 that is active during the connection comprises a smaller or larger portion (longer or shorter) of the coupling member 9, 10. The sealing or joining of the two floor elements 1 can thus be performed even if only a small portion of the connecting elements 9, 10 of the respective floor element 1 is active.

9a. - 9e. Figures 6 to 9 show the different ways in which the floor can be finished along the wall. The simplest method is to cut off the ends of the floor elements 1 to obtain a shape that fits the

-30falhoz. After the cut, the cut edge can be covered with a beading that is well known in the art.

Another possibility is to use a frame consisting of one or more rows of floor elements 1-13 that are laid along the walls. In such an arrangement, all floor elements 1 to 13 except the Type A floor 13 in the frame can be mechanically connected to each other. The other floor elements 1 to 12 may be cut while laying the floor and may be joined in an appropriate manner using adhesive or, for example, a tongue and tongue and groove joint formed by a hand milling machine. It may also be possible to use a tongue groove and a loose tongue as shown in Figure 9c. and 9d. .

A third possibility is to fill the frame of the floor elements 1-13 with ten different prefabricated joints 14-23, which are shown in Fig. 9b. 2 to 4, which have a mechanical joint system consisting of a tongue-in-groove connector 9 (indicated by a thin line in the drawing) and a tongue-shaped connector 10 (indicated by a thick line in the drawing). The joints 14-23 may have different shapes, for example triangular or trapezoidal, and preferably have at least one inclined side cut at an appropriate angle to fit the other floor members 1-13. For standard herringbone parquet floors, this angle is preferably 45 °. Of course, patterns and angles other than the pattern and angles shown in Figure 9 may be used. In further embodiments, the connecting members 14-23 are provided with connecting members 9, 10 at each of their edges to fit adjacent connecting floor members 1-13 as shown in FIG. 9b. is shown. It is also possible that the joints 14-23 are formed by cutting the floor member 1-13 into shape and then being provided with connecting means, even at the point of laying the floor, by means of a portable set of tools, but it is also possible the fittings are taken to a commissioning or workshop for design.

What we have said about the design of the connecting members 9,10 for the floor members 1 also applies to the connecting members 14-23 in the proper form.

-31 If the connector members 14-23 are provided with only one tongue-in-groove connector 9, and if a loose tongue connector 10 is used as shown in FIG. 9d to connect the floor elements 1-13, which is essentially the embodiment of FIG. 9d, with an adhesive or a loose tongue connector 10. 14 to 23, the number of adapters 14-23 in the assortment can be significantly reduced, since these adapters 14-23 can also be mirror images of one another. In a preferred embodiment, the number of interface elements 14-23 is shown in FIG. 4 to 14 can be reduced to four types 14-17. Using a factory-made groove with a loose tongue can greatly facilitate the laying of the floor, as the vertical position of the groove relative to the surface of the floor element can be formed with greater accuracy than would be possible with hand tools. The loose tongue coupling 10 may be, for example, a plastic or aluminum extruded section. However, it can also be formed from a suitable wood-based fibreboard, wood or similar material.

9d. The loose tongue coupling 10 shown in FIGS. 1 to 4 forms both vertical and horizontal attachment and thus allows mechanical fastening of each side of the floor member 1 to the sides of another similar floor member 1 '. The loose tongue coupling 10 may be formed in many different ways with one or more horizontal closure couplings 10 on each side, but may also be formed by a snap and a snap and / or inward inclination coupling 10. Variations of the tongue connector types 10 are shown in FIG. 1b. and 1d. 1e and FIG. 9a, but other known joining systems can also be modified to include double-sided loose tongues with closures 8 which close the floor members 1, since the connecting members 10 can be connected to tongue-in-place connecting members 9 which fit into the locking grooves 12 in FIG. as shown in FIG.

Further, a strip may be provided which may be arranged at the cut-off edge of the floor element 1, which serves to cooperate with and implement the connecting elements 9, 10 of the adjacent floor element 1 '.

-32összezárást. The tape may be formed of a suitable material, such as wood, aluminum, plastic, etc., and is designed to be fastened to an edge of the floor element 1, which, for example due to cutting, has no integrated mechanical joining system. The strip can be conveniently fitted to the type of connector 9, 10 provided with the other floor member 1 and can be mounted with or without pre-milling. The ribbon can be arranged along the appropriate cut. The tape may be properly secured to the floor member 1 by some mechanical means, such as slots or holes in the floor member 1 for certain types of tapes, but may also be by means of glue, screws, nails, clips, adhesive tape or other fastening means.

It is also possible to combine the embodiments so that both the joint members 14-23 having the factory-made connecting members 9, 10 along all the edges and the joining members 14-23 which are different 9, They are provided with 10 connecting elements and can be used on the same floor. For example, factory-made joints 14-23 lead to simplification of joining between floor members 1 when forming a frame and arranging the floor members 1 in a herringbone pattern. With this system, the frame can then be laid along one or two walls, and then the herringbone pattern can be attached to the frame using the joints 14-23, and the floor can be laid from one corner of the room. The fitting to the other walls can then be fine-tuned by other types of fasteners, or even conventionally, by completely omitting the fasteners 9, 10.

10a-10c. Fig. 4A shows a rectangular floor pattern. Also in this embodiment, the displacement in the closed position and the snap-in are used for rational positioning.

10a. Fig. 1A shows a pattern in which floor panels 1-12 have two A,

Type B can be laid. 10a. The numbering shown in FIG. shows the order.

• · · «· * · · · ί« • · · ♦ · ·· * · 4

-33Α 10b. Figures 10a and 2a show the two type A, B paddle members 1, 2, 3 4, 9, 10, and in particular how they are connected by their shorter sides 3 to the longer side 4 in Figure 10a. .

10c. Fig. 4A shows a method for facilitating the laying of symmetrical patterns. The floor element 4 is placed slightly offset to facilitate the laying of another type A floor element in line with the shorter side of the floor element B. The floor element 4 can then be pushed back into its proper position before continuing to lay the floor, but it can also be pushed in the middle between the type A and B floor elements and the rectangular patterns can be laid in offset rows. The rectangular pattern shown in Figure 10 can be advantageously combined with logs of different sizes, e.g. to create a Dutch pattern.

Fig. 11 schematically illustrates a method by which the floor elements 1 according to the invention can be manufactured. Reasonable production of the floor elements 1 essentially takes place by moving a tool set 110, 109 and a raw floor element relative to one another. The tool set 110, 109 preferably serves to work two opposing longitudinal edges 4a, 4b in a single movement. With the tool sets A109, 110, the respective connecting elements 9, 10 can be formed in the direction F of the floor element 1 on both sides of the floor element 1. The tool sets 109, 110 preferably consist of one or more milling tools which are sized to produce a given profile at high speed in a manner known in the art. In the example of Fig. 11, the tool set 109 is used for machining the side where the vertically locking tongue groove connector 9 is formed, and another tool set 110 is used to form the vertically closing tongue connector 10.

Following the first machining operation 101, which is formed by a pair of connecting members 9, 10 of the opposed longitudinal edges 4a, 4b of the floor member, a second machining operation 105 follows the second opposite shorter edges 5a, 5b of the floor member 1. connector front:::.:, • · * ·· ·· * · ί

-34makes it up. This second machining operation 105, like the first operation 101, takes place during the relative displacement of a further set of tools 109, 110 and the floor element 1, but in another direction F2, which is preferably perpendicular to the first direction F1. The carrying out of the machining operations 101, 105 is well known in the art and their order may vary within the scope of the invention.

Production of large quantities of floor elements 1 is generally fully automated. The floor element 1 is automatically moved between two machining operations 101, 105 in a sequence such that the raw floor element 1 first moves in a first machine direction F1 parallel to the longitudinal direction of the floor element 1 in which a first set of tools 109a, 110a is disposed. moves substantially perpendicularly F2 on the second processing machine in which the second processing tool set 109b, 110b is disposed. The floor elements 1 formed by this method according to the invention may be of type A or type B.

However, an existing plant in which the first Type A floor elements 1 according to the invention are manufactured can be converted to produce both Type A, B floor elements 1 using the same tool set 109, 110. In the manufacture, the first type A floor element is manufactured by the two machining operations 101, 105 described above, while the second type B floor element is manufactured by rotating the floor element 1/2 in its own plane after the first machining operation 101. Subsequently, the semi-finished floor element 1 undergoes a second machining operation 105. As a result, the position of one of the coupling members 9, 10 of the Type B floor member 1 is reversed relative to the Type A floor member. The type B floor element will thus be mirror-symmetrical with respect to the type A floor element.

Control of which floor element 1 is to be turned is based on information received from control system 103 which controls a rotary device 102 which reverses the raw floor element 1 after the first machining operation 101 and before the floor element 1 undergoes the second machining operation 105. .

• J ·

In this preferred embodiment of the method, the A, B type floor elements 1 are machined on the same production line and with the same tool set 109, 110, the two floor elements 1 having exactly the same length and width. This greatly facilitates symmetrical alignment of the pattern.

It is advantageous if the floor elements 1 can be picked up after laying and then laid again and again without damaging the fitting system. The pick-up of the floor element 1 is carried out in the usual manner by a method which is essentially the opposite of the laying. One side, in most cases the shorter side 3, is detached by pulling the floor element 1 horizontally so that the locking element 8 will pop out of the locking groove 12. The other side, preferably the longer side 4, can then be detached by pulling out the connector 9, 10 by squeezing or tilting the floor element 1 upwards.

12a. - 12d. Figures 1 to 5 show various alternatives to dismantling the floor elements 1, T. 12a. In Fig. 1A, the back side 32 of the floor member T is formed with a gripping groove 120 at the shorter side 3, which serves to accommodate the gripping tool 121 so that it can engage the gripping groove 120 with the gripping element 122 of the gripping tool. This gripping element 122 is provided with a power absorbing means 123 which allows pressure or impact to be applied horizontally to the outside of gripping tool 120 at the rear of the floor member 32, thereby detaching the floor member 1 'without damaging it. For example, the force may be exerted on the force pickup device 123 using a hammer tool. The gripping tool 120 may be configured so that the gripping member 122 engages another portion of the floor member 1, such as a locking groove 12 or locking member 8, depending on the configuration of the shorter side 3. The snap-off can be facilitated, for example, on the shorter side 3 by forming the connector 9, 10 with a lower or smaller radius or other radius than the longer side 4, so that the snap-off and thus disassembly result in a lower tensile stress, such as page. As a result, the long side fitting system can be configured, e.g.

-3612a. 12b and the shorter side 3 is shown in Fig. 12b. As shown in FIG. 6A, the joint system has the same geometry, except that the closure 8 is lower. 12b. FIG. 4A also shows that the upper connection flanges may be formed by inclined chamfering 131, 132 along the shorter side 3 and / or the longer side 4. When the floor elements 1 are laid at a certain angle so that the longer side 4 is connected to the shorter side 3 in a manner similar to that of FIG. 5, the longer sides 4 prevent the shorter sides from separating, particularly when parallel to the longer sides 4. displacement occurs and can be prevented, for example, by high friction, adhesive or some mechanical device. In such a layout pattern, the shorter sides 3 can be formed only by the vertically closing coupling members 9, 10 in the 12c. 12b, or completely without connection means 9, 10, as shown in FIG. 12d. is shown. The gripping tool 121 may also be used to separate other types of mechanically connected floor elements 1 which are laid in a different pattern, for example in parallel rows. The connection elements 9, 10 and the installation! Various combinations of embodiments of processes can be designed and used to provide the optimum flooring for both laying the process and increasing durability, recycling, and collection that is essential for reuse.

13a. - 13d. Figures 6 to 8 show how a longer embodiment 4 and a shorter side 3 may be formed in a further embodiment of the invention. The longer edges 4a and 4b are shown in FIG. Figs. In a preferred embodiment, the floor element 1 is made of a material which does not allow the lower lip 6 to bend downwards, and therefore no horizontal snap can be made. 13b. Figs. 5 to 5 show the shorter edges 5a, 5b of the above floor element 1. The closure 8 is lower than the longer side 4 and the closure 12 of the groove 12 is also made shorter. In this embodiment, the shorter side 3 cannot be fixed in a horizontal direction (the connection is closed only vertically). 13c. and 13d. Figures 1 to 5 show that the longer side 4 can be closed with the shorter side 3 by both inward inclination and bepat fc J · ··: ·

-37 inks, since the modified joint system requires only a slight downward bending of the short sides from the lower lip 6 when the floor members 1 are horizontally joined and snap into each other. The longer side 4a in this embodiment has a decorative groove 133 which is visible only along the long edge of the connector 4a. This has the advantage that the fitting is less pronounced than when the decorative elements 131, 132 are formed at the edges of each of the floor members 1,.. In addition, manufacturing is simplified. For example, if the joint system on the short side 3 does not have a tongue connector 10, the floor elements 1 can only be fixed together in a horizontal direction.

A number of different patterns have been tested which are obvious in their design provided that flooring elements of the same or different formats and having snap-in or mirror-symmetrical connecting elements 9, 10 are used for laying the floor. Essentially, the invention can be used to create any pattern otherwise known for laying parquet, which has a tongue and groove, but also in connection with parquet that is glued or nailed to the substrate and thus has no joining system that restricts the possibility of joining any sides. It is also possible to provide floor elements 1 having more than four sides and having a first pair of connecting members 9, 10 on several sides and a second pair of connecting members 9, 10 on the respective sides. The floor elements 1 may also be formed by more than two different pairs of cooperating connecting elements 9, 10. This makes it possible to use any prior art snap-fit mechanical fitting system.

Claims (72)

  1. PATENT CLAIMS
    A flooring system having mechanically interconnected rectangular floor elements (1, 1 ') and connecting each floor element (1, 1') along four mutually opposing edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b). elements (9, 10) are provided with pairs for connecting similar adjacent floor elements (1, 1 ') both vertically and horizontally (D1, D2), and connecting elements of the floor elements (1, 1') (9, 10) are configured to engage with at least a snap in the first direction defined in the plane of the floor element (1, 1 ') and tilt inward and / or snap in the second direction determined in the plane of the floor element (1, 1'), that the system is provided with two different types of floor elements (A, B) and that one type (A) floor element (1, 1 ') is opposed in pairs fastening elements (9, 10) formed along the edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) of the other type (B), mirror-symmetrically relative to the corresponding fastening elements (9, 10) along the opposite edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) are arranged.
  2. System according to claim 1, characterized in that the floor elements (1, 1 ') in the connected position of the connecting elements (9, 10), along the joint between the floor elements (1, 1'), the floor element (1, 1 '). ) in one of the first and second directions selected in its plane.
  3. System according to any one of claims 1 to 2, characterized in that the connecting elements (9, 10) which can be connected in the first direction can be disconnected at a lower tension than the connecting elements (9, 10) which can be connected to each other in the second direction.
  4. System according to claim 3, characterized in that the connecting elements (9, 10) are clickable detachable connecting elements (9, 10).
    1 '· Ί ·
    -395. A system according to any one of claims 1 or 2, characterized in that the two mutually perpendicular edges (4a, 2) of the floor element (1, T)
  5. 5b, 4b, 5a) are provided with the same connecting elements (9, 10).
  6. System according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that one of the edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) of the floor element (1, Γ) arranged in pairs opposite one another is provided with a protruding closing element (T). 8), while the other edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) of the floor element (1, 1 ') arranged opposite each other are provided with a locking groove (12) for receiving the closing element (8) of the floor element (Γ).
  7. System according to Claim 6, characterized in that the closure (8) is formed on a lower closure (6).
  8. System according to any one of claims 6 to 7, characterized in that the locking groove (12) is open downwards and is located at a certain distance from the edge (4a, 5b, 4b, 5a) of the floor element (1 ').
  9. System according to any one of claims 6 to 8, characterized in that the locking groove (12) is formed on the rear side (32) of the floor element (1 ').
  10. System according to Claim 6, characterized in that the closure member (8) is connected to the lower part of the tongue connecting member (10) formed on the first edge and the locking groove (12) on the second opposite edge (4a, 5b). 4b, 5a) are disposed on the lower lip (6) forming the tongue groove coupling (9).
  11. System according to claim 10, characterized in that the lower lip (6) extends over the edge of the upper surface (31) of the floor element (1).
  12. System according to Claim 6, characterized in that the closure member (8) is connected to the upper part of the tongue groove connecting element (10) formed on the first edge and the locking groove (12) on the second opposite edge (4a, 5b). 4b, 5a) are arranged on the upper lip forming the tongue groove coupling (9).
  13. 13. System according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the first type (A) floor element (1) has a longer side (4) * ·· * 44 • · * ♦ · * «
    -40fold, whose length is several times the length of the shorter side (5) of the other type of floor element (B).
  14. 14. System according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the connecting elements (9, 10) of the floor elements (1) are made of different materials or materials of the same but different material properties in the first and second directions in the plane of the floor element (1).
  15. 15. System according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the connecting elements (9, 10) of the floor elements (1) are formed in a manner which is connected in a first and second directions with inward inclination in the plane of the floor element (1).
  16. A floor-forming system which is provided with mechanically interconnected rectangular floor elements (1, T), and in the system each floor element (1, 1 ') is joined by four mutually opposing edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b). (9, 10) are provided with pairs for connecting similar adjacent floor elements (1, Γ) in at least vertical direction (D1), and the opposite sides (4a, 4b, 5a) of the floor elements (1, Γ), 5b) pairs of coupling members 9, 10 formed in such a way that they can be joined by tilting and / or snaping in at least in the first direction in the plane of the floor element 1, both in horizontal and vertical direction (D1, D2). characterized in that the system is provided with two different types of floor elements (A, B) and one type (A) floor element (1, Γ) the connecting members (9, 10) formed along the lower edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) of the other type relative to the corresponding connecting members (9, 10) along the opposite opposite edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) of the other type (B) they are mirror-symmetrical.
  17. System according to claim 16, characterized in that the floor elements (1, T) are formed along their opposite edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) ·, · * · ι
    The pairs of connecting members -41 (9, 10) in the second direction of the plane of the floor member (1) are designed to be closed in a vertical direction (D2).
  18. System according to claim 17, characterized in that a tongue connecting element (10) which can be inserted into the tongue groove coupling element (9) only in the second direction for vertical mounting only.
  19. 19. At 16-18. System according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the connecting elements (9, 10) arranged along the long side (4) of the floor elements (1) are designed to be connected both vertically and horizontally (D1, D2) and the shorter side of the floor element. Only connecting elements (9, 10) which can be connected in a vertical direction are formed along the (3).
  20. 20. At 16-19. System according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that connecting elements (9, 10) which can be closed in both horizontal and vertical directions (D1, D2) are arranged along the short side (3) of the floor element (1) and the floor elements (1) are longer. The connecting elements (9, 10) can be closed only vertically (D2) along its side (4).
  21. 21. System according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that a gripping groove (120) is formed along at least one of the four edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) of the floor element (1) on which the gripping tool (121) is inserted. a force can be exerted from the gripping groove (120) towards the edge (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) of the floor element (1).
  22. System according to claim 21, characterized in that the gripping groove (120) is at a certain distance from the edge (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b).
  23. Floor according to any one of claims 1 to 22.
  24. A flooring set for forming a floor which is mechanically connected to one another by means of rectangular flooring elements (1, 1 ') and each floor element (1, Γ) being joined by four mutually opposite edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) (9, 10) are provided with pairs with which similar, adjacent floor elements (1, T)
    -42 can be connected to each other both vertically and horizontally (D1, D2), and the connecting elements (9, 10) of the floor elements (1, Γ) are formed by at least snapping in the first direction in the plane of the floor element (1, Γ), while the floor element (1, Γ) can be connected by inward tilting and / or snap in the designated direction of the plane (1, Γ), characterized in that the system is provided with two different types of floor elements (A, B) and one type (A) 1 ') connecting members (9, 10) along opposite pairs of edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) to corresponding connecting members (8a, 4b, 5a, 5b) on opposite sides (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) 9, 10) are mirror-symmetrical.
  25. A set of flooring elements for forming a flooring having mechanical rectangular floor elements (1, 1 '), and each floor element (1, Γ) being joined by four mutually opposite edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) (9, 10) are provided with pairs for connecting similar adjacent floor elements (1, 1 j) at least vertically (D1), and the opposite elements (4a, 4b, 5a) of the floor elements (1, Γ), 5b) pairs of coupling members 9, 10 formed in such a way that they can be connected at least in the first direction defined in the plane of the floor element 1, 1j in both horizontal and vertical directions (D1, D2) by inward inclination and / or snap that the system is provided with two different types of floor elements (A, B) and one type (A) floor element (1, 1 ') connecting members (9, 10) formed along opposite edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) of each other and corresponding connecting members (9, 10) paired opposite pairs (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) of the other type of floor element (B). are mirror-symmetrical.
    ',, ϊ. * · »·
    -4 326. Kit according to any one of claims 24 to 25, characterized in that the different types of floor elements (A, B) are packed in the same package.
  26. Kit according to any one of claims 24 to 25, characterized in that the different types of (A, B) floor elements are packaged in different packages.
  27. 28. An adapter as shown in Figs. The floor elements forming the system according to any one of claims 1 to 4, which is an unprocessed floor element, characterized in that the connector has at least one inclined edge and a connector element (9,10) which cooperates with the floor elements (1 ') attached thereto.
  28. An adapter according to claim 28, characterized in that each connecting element (9, 10) is adapted to receive a projection protruding from the adjacent floor element (Γ).
  29. Closure band for connecting the floor elements according to any one of claims 1 to 22 or 28 to 29, characterized in that the closure band is substantially two-way and is adapted to connect the same closure elements of adjacent floor elements (1, Γ).
  30. 31. A method of producing a flooring element comprising two different types of flooring members which can be mechanically connected to one another, wherein the flooring members (1, 1 ') are joined by four oppositely spaced edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b). 9, 10) by means of which pairs of similar adjacent floor elements (1, 1 ') can be connected to each other both vertically and horizontally (D1, D2) and the connecting elements (9, 10) of the floor elements (1, Γ). 10) formed by engaging them by at least snaps in the first direction in the plane of the floor element (1, 1 ') and by inward tilting and / or snaps in the second direction in the plane of the floor element (1, Γ), and
    -44a floor elements are formed as first and second type (A, B) floor elements (1), and connecting elements (9, 10) of the first type (A) floor element (1) are opposed by opposite edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b). pairs of second type flooring elements (B) on respective connecting elements (9, 10) formed along pairs of opposite edge (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b), mirrored symmetrically, characterized in that the unprocessed floor element and first tool set (109a, 110a) moving relative to one another in a straight line and in a first direction (F1) and machining a pair of opposed first edges (4a, 4b) of the untreated floor member by forming a first pair of connecting members (9, 10); moving the tool set (109b, 110b) relative to one another in a straight line and in a second direction (F2) and machining the second edge (5a, 5b) by forming a second pair of connecting members (9, 10) and, during manufacture of the first type (A) floor element (1), continuously from the first tool set (109a, 110a) to the second tool set (109b, 110b). ), while in manufacturing the second type of floor element (B), the floor element (1) is transferred from the first tool set (109a, 110a) to the second tool set (109b, 110b) by rotating the floor element (1) in its own plane and a second pair of connecting elements (9, 10) is formed in a mirror-symmetrical position with respect to the position of the first type of floor element (A).
  31. 32. A method of producing a flooring element comprising two different types of flooring members which are mechanically connectable to one another, wherein the flooring members (1, Γ) are joined by four mutually opposing edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b). 9, 10) are paired to connect similar adjacent floor elements (1, 1 j at least horizontally (D1, D2)) and ····
    - pairs of connecting elements (9, 10) along opposite edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) of floor elements (1, T) are formed so that they are at least horizontal in the first direction in the plane of the floor element (1, T), each being connected in a vertical direction (D1, D2) by inward inclination and / or snap, and forming first and second type (A, B) floor members (1), which differ in that one type (A) floor member (1, 1 ') connecting members (9, 10) along opposite pairs of edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) to corresponding connecting members (8a, 4b, 5a, 5b) on opposite sides (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) 9, 10) are mirror-symmetrical, characterized in that the untreated floor element and the first tool set (109a, 110a) are moved in a straight line and in the first direction (F1) relative to one another and machining a pair of opposed first edges (4a, 4b) of the untreated floor member by forming a first pair of connecting members (9, 10) and the untreated floor member and the second tool set (109b, 110b) in a straight line and second direction relative to one another. Moving (F2) and machining a pair of opposed second edges (5a, 5b) of the untreated floor member by forming a second pair of connecting members (9, 10) and manufacturing the first type of floor member (A) the floor element from the first set of tools (109a, 110a) being continuously supplied to the second set of tools (109b, 110b), while the floor element (1) from the first set of tools (109a, 110a) to the second set of tools (109b, 110b) ) is transmitted by rotating the floor element (1) in its own plane by half a turn and the first type A second pair of connecting members (9, 10) is formed in a mirror-symmetrical position relative to the position of the floor member (A).
    • · 9 · ·· «·
    -4 633. A method of forming a floor from mechanically interconnected floor elements, wherein each floor element (1, 1 ') is provided with four pairs of interconnecting members (9, 10) along opposite opposing edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b). similar adjacent floor elements (1, 1 ') can be connected to each other both vertically and horizontally (D1, D2), and the connecting elements (9, 10) of the floor elements (1, T) are formed by (1, Γ) can be connected by at least snaps, and in the second direction of the floor element (1, T) by inward tilting and / or snaps, and the floor elements are formed as first and second type (A, B) floor elements (1) and the coupling elements (9, 10) of the first type (A) floor element (A) are paired by pairs of opposing edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) The second type (B) floor element (1) is arranged mirror-symmetrically on respective connecting elements (9, 10) formed along pairs of opposite edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b), characterized in that the first type (A) floor element (G1) ) is connected to one of the long sides (4) of a second type (B) floor element (G2) and then seals the first edge of the third floor element (G3) with the longer side (4) of a previously connected floor element (G1, G2). and moving the first edge of the third floor element (G3) along the joint and snaping the second edge of the third floor element (G3) into the longer (4) side of a previously connected floor element (G1, G2) and the method for adding further floor elements repeat.
  32. 34. The method of claim 33, wherein the closing of the first two floor elements (G1, G2) is performed by inwardly tilting.
  33. 35. The method of claim 33, wherein the sealing of the first two floor elements (G1, G2) is performed by a snap.
    t · «· · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ·
    -4 736. Method according to claim 33, characterized in that the sealing of the first two floor elements (G1, G2) is performed by fitting the edge of the previously laid floor element (G, G3).
  34. Method according to any one of claims 33 to 36, characterized in that the edge of the third floor element (G3) is performed by tilting inwardly with the floor element or floor elements (G1, G2) already laid.
  35. A method according to any one of claims 33 to 36, characterized in that the edge sealing of the third floor element (G3) is performed by snaps on one of the floor elements (G1, G2) already laid.
  36. A method according to any one of claims 33 to 36, characterized in that the first edge of the third floor element (G3) is inserted into the edge of the previously laid floor element (G1, G2) along the edge of the previously laid floor element.
  37. 40. A method of forming a floor from mechanically interconnected floor elements, wherein each floor element (1, T) is provided with four pairs of connecting elements (9, 10) along their opposite pairs (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b). similar adjacent floor elements (1, 1 j) can be connected to each other both vertically and horizontally (D1, D2), and the connecting elements (9, 10) of the floor elements (1, 1 ') are formed by the floor element (1, 1 ') can be connected by at least snap-in, while the floor element (1, 1') is tilted inwardly and / or snap-in, and the floor elements as first and second type (A, B) 1) and the connecting elements (9, 10) of the first type (A) floor element (1) are formed by the opposite edge (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b). the second type (B) of the second type of floor element (1) being mirror-symmetrically arranged on respective connecting elements (9, 10) formed along pairs of opposite edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b), characterized in that:
    V · τ
    -48 two floor elements (G1, G3) of the same type (A) are joined to one another along their long sides (4) by moving the floor elements (G1, G3) relative to each other at a distance corresponding to the width of the second type floor element (B); (B) sealing the first edge of a floor element (G2) with a first edge of a previously laid floor element (G1, G3) and moving the first edge of the third floor element (G3) along its edge and a second type (B) of a third floor element (G3) edge is closed with the first edge of a previously laid floor element (G1, G3), and the procedure is repeated to add new floor elements.
  38. 41. The method of claim 40, wherein the sealing of the first two floor elements (G1, G3) is performed by inwardly tilting.
  39. 42. The method of claim 40, wherein the first two floor elements (G1, G3) are snap-closed.
  40. The method of claim 40, wherein the sealing of the first two floor elements (G1, G3) is accomplished by insertion into an edge of a previously laid floor element (G1, G3).
  41. A method according to any one of claims 40 to 43, characterized in that the edge of the third floor element (G3) is performed by tilting inwardly with the floor element or floor elements (G1, G2) already laid.
  42. A method according to any one of claims 40 to 43, wherein the sealing of the edge of the third floor element (G3) is performed by snaps on one of the floor elements (G1, G2) already laid.
  43. Method according to any one of claims 40 to 43, characterized in that the first edge of the third floor element (G3) is inserted into the edge of the previously laid floor element (G1, G2), along the edge of the previously laid floor element,
  44. A method according to any one of claims 40 to 46, characterized in that the first edge of the third floor element (G2) is joined to the first edge of one of the two floor elements (G1, G3) so that the third floor element (G2) is shorter. Β • · · »· · · · · * r · τ
    -49 (3) of the two floor elements (G1, G3) is fitted to the long side (4) of the first floor element (G3).
  45. A method according to any one of claims 40 to 46, characterized in that the first edge of the third floor element (G2) is connected to the first edge of one of the two floor elements (G1, G3) so that the long side (4) of the third floor element (G2) is connected. fitting it to the short side (3) of the first floor element (G3) of the two floor elements (G1, G3).
  46. Method according to any one of claims 40 to 48, characterized in that a fourth floor element (G4) is connected to the longer side (4) of the third floor element (G3) and moved along the longer side (4). and then closing the shorter side (3) of the fourth floor member (G4) with the longer side (4) of the first floor member (G1) and the snap member (9, 10) of the fourth floor member (G4) on the other long side (4). connecting it to the shorter side (3) of a fifth floor element (G0).
  47. 50. A method of forming a floor by means of mechanically connectable floor elements, wherein in the method each floor element (1, 1 ') is provided with pairs of connecting elements (9, 10) along their opposite pairs (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b). by means of which similar adjacent floor elements (1, legalább) can be connected to one another at least horizontally (D1, D2) and connecting elements (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) along opposite edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) of the floor elements (1, 1 '). 9, 10) are paired so that they can be joined by tilting and / or snaping in at least one first direction in the plane of the floor element (1, 1 ') in both horizontal and vertical directions (D1, D2), and A, B) floor elements (1) are formed which differ from each other in that they have opposite edges (4a) of one type of floor element (A), 4b, 5a, 5b) for connecting couplings (9, 10) along respective opposite edges (9a, 4b, 5a, 5b) of the other type of floor element (B);
    -5010) are mirror-symmetrical, characterized in that one of the short sides (3) of the first type (A) floor member (G1) is connected to one of the long sides (4) of the second type (B) floor member (G2) moving the first edge of the floor element (G3) with the long side (4) of a previously connected floor element (G1, G2) and moving the first edge of the third floor element (G3) along the joint and snaping the second edge of the third floor element (G3) with the longer side (4) of the previously connected floor element (G1, G2), and the procedure is repeated to add further floor elements.
  48. 51. The method of claim 50, wherein the edge sealing of the third floor element (G3) is accomplished by tilting inwardly with the floor element (s) (G1, G2) previously laid.
  49. A method according to claim 50, characterized in that the edge sealing of the third floor element (G3) is performed by snaps on one of the floor elements (G1, G2) already laid.
  50. 53. The method of claim 50, wherein joining the first edge of the third floor element (G3) with an edge of a previously laid floor element (G1, G2) is carried out along the edge of the previously laid floor element.
  51. 54. A method of forming a floor from mechanically interconnected floor members, wherein in the method each floor member (1, 1 ') is provided with four pairs of connecting members (9, 10) along opposite opposite edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) thereof. by means of which similar adjacent floor elements (1, 1 ') are connected to each other at least horizontally (D1, D2) and connecting elements (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) along opposite sides of the floor elements (1, Γ) 9, 10) pairs such that they are at least in the first direction in the plane of the floor element (1, mind), both horizontally and vertically.
    -51 g (D1, D2) can be connected by inward tilting and / or snap, and forming first and second type (A, B) floor elements (1), which differ in that one type (A) floor element (1) , Γ) coupling elements (9, 10) formed along opposite pairs of edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) and corresponding coupling elements (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) formed on opposite sides (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) 9, 10) are arranged mirror-symmetrically, characterized in that two floor elements (G1, G3) of the same type (A) are connected to each other along their long sides (4) so that the floor elements (G1, G3) are Moving (B) at a distance corresponding to the width and closing the first edge of the second type (B) floor element (G2) with the first edge of a previously laid floor element (G1, G3), and moving the first edge of the third floor element (G3) along its edge and snaping the second edge of a second type (B) third floor element (G3) with the first edge of a previously laid floor element (G1, G3), and adding further floor elements we repeat it.
  52. 55. The method of claim 54, wherein the first two floor elements (G1, G3) are closed by inwardly tilting.
  53. 56. The method of claim 54, wherein the first two floor members (G1, G3) are snap-closed.
  54. The method of claim 54, wherein the joining of the two first floor members (G1, G3) is accomplished by insertion into an edge of a previously laid floor member (G1, G3).
  55. 58. A method according to any one of claims 55 to 57, characterized in that the joining of the two first floor elements (G1, G3) is accomplished by sealing.
  56. A method according to any one of claims 55 to 58, characterized in that the first edge of the third floor element (G2) has already been laid.
    I · · «·· * ·» »f *» «·» * · »« · ♦ *
    -52 is connected to one of the floor elements (G1, G3) by tilting inwards.
  57. A method according to any one of claims 54 to 58, characterized in that the first edge of the third floor element (G2) is joined by snap-on with one of the previously laid floor elements (G1, G3).
  58. A method according to any one of claims 54 to 58, wherein the first edge of the third floor element (G2) is joined to one of the previously laid floor elements (G1, G3) along the edge of the previously laid floor element (G1, G3). insertion.
  59. 62. The method according to any one of claims 59 to 61, characterized in that the first edge of the third floor element (G2) is joined with one of the previously laid floor elements (G1, G3).
  60. A method according to any one of claims 54 to 62, wherein the first edge of the third floor element (G2) is joined to the first edge of the two floor elements (G1, G3) by connecting the third floor element (G2). the shorter side (3) with the longer side (4) of one of the two floor elements (G1, G3).
  61. Method according to any one of claims 54 to 62, characterized in that the first edge of the third floor element (G2) is joined to the first edge of the two floor elements (G1, G3) by the long side (4) of the third floor element (G2). by attaching two floor elements (G1) to the first shorter side (3).
  62. A method according to any one of claims 54 to 64, characterized in that a fourth floor element (64) is connected with its long side (4) to the long side (4) of the third floor element (G2) and then moved along such a connecting the shorter side (3) of the floor member (G4) to the longer side (4) of the first floor member (G1) and joining the connecting member (9, 10) of the second longer side (4) of the fourth floor member (G4) during movement; G0) with its shorter side (3).
  63. 66. The method of claim 65, wherein one of said interconnections is made by sealing.
    -5 367. A clamping tool for mechanically disassembling a floor consisting of rectangular floor elements (1, mechan), wherein each floor element (1, 1 ') is provided with pairs of connecting elements (9, 10) along four mutually opposite edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) , by means of which the similar adjacent floor elements (1, 1 ') are connected to each other both vertically and horizontally (D1, D2), and the connecting elements (9, 10) of the floor elements (1, 1') are formed, that the floor element (1, 1 ') can be engaged by at least snaps in the first direction and the inward direction and / or snap in the second direction of the floor element (1, 1'), characterized in that the gripping tool (121) is , 1 ') can be connected to the edge opposite to the carrier edge of the connector (9, 10) to be disconnected, and the connector to be disconnected a means (123) for receiving a force substantially perpendicular to the edge carrying the connecting element (9, 10) and a means (2) for applying tension in the connecting element (9, 10) and for applying tension to the connecting element (9, 10); 124).
  64. The clamping tool of claim 67, wherein the clamping member (122) is configured to fit into a clamping groove (120) spaced from the edge of the floor member (1, 1).
  65. A gripping tool according to claim 67, characterized in that the gripping element (122) is configured to engage with the connecting element (9, 10) of the floor element (1, Γ).
  66. 70. A method for dismantling a floor consisting of rectangular floor elements which can be mechanically connected to one another, wherein in the process each floor floor element (1, 1 ') is joined by four opposite pairs (9, 10) of opposite sides (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b). are paired with similar adjacent floor elements (1, 1 ') »·»
    -54 can be connected to each other both vertically and horizontally (D1, D2), and the connecting elements (9, 10) of the floor elements (1, Γ) are formed by at least snapping in the first direction in the plane of the floor element (1, Γ), whereas the floor element (1, 1 ') can be connected inwardly by tilting and / or snap in a designated second direction in the plane of the floor element (1, 1'), characterized in that the edge (4a, 4b, 5a) carrying the connecting elements (9, 10) , 5b) engaging a gripping element (122) on the opposite edge (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) and substantially engaging the gripping element (122) on a bearing edge (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b) of the floor element to be disconnected. acting with perpendicular and pointing force.
  67. 71. The method of claim 70, wherein the gripping member (122) is joined to the engaging means (9, 10) disposed on the edge (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b).
  68. 72. The method of claim 70, wherein the gripping member (122) is inserted into a gripping groove (120) formed on the underside of the edge (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b).
  69. 73. Floor consisting of rectangular floor elements (1, 1 '), each pair of floor elements (1, 1') being paired by pairs of connecting elements (9, 10) along their opposite longitudinal edges (4a, 4b). They can be connected to each other by tilting at least inwards vertically and horizontally (D1, D2), characterized in that the floor is made of laminated surface layers (1, 1 ') laid in a herringbone pattern.
  70. 74. A floor according to claim 73, characterized in that the shorter edges (5a, 5b) of the floor members (1, 1 ') are provided with pairs of opposed connecting members (9, 10) for horizontal closure (D2). .
  71. 75. A floor according to any one of claims 73 to 74, characterized in that the shorter edges (5a, 5b) of the floor elements (1, Γ) are vertically oriented.
    .. * * · * .h · *>
    -55 opposed coupling members (9, 10) which allow for closure (D1).
  72. A floor according to any one of claims 73 to 75, characterized in that the floor is arranged in two different types (A, B) of flooring elements (1, 1 ') and connecting elements (9) of one of the type (A) flooring elements. , 10), which are arranged along pairs of opposite edges (4a, 4b, 5a, 5b), mirror images of the connecting members (9, 10) e located at opposite edges of the other type of floor member (B) (1, 1) arranged.
    10 77. A 73-75. Floor according to one of Claims 1 to 4, characterized in that one of the connecting elements (9, 10) of the long edges (4b, 4a) is of such size and function that it can be joined to the connecting elements (4b, 4a) on the adjacent floor element (4). 9, 10), and
    15, the connecting elements (9, 10) of the shorter edges (5a, 5b) are dimensioned such that they can be connected to one of the connecting elements (9, 10) of the longer edges (4b, 4a).
HU0401616A 2001-09-20 2002-09-20 Flooring and method for laying and manufacturing the same HU0401616A2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SE0103130A SE525558C2 (en) 2001-09-20 2001-09-20 System for forming a floor covering, set of floorboards and method for manufacturing two different types of floorboards
PCT/SE2002/001731 WO2003025307A1 (en) 2001-09-20 2002-09-20 Flooring and method for laying and manufacturing the same

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