HU0400919A2 - A catheter device - Google Patents

A catheter device Download PDF

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Publication number
HU0400919A2
HU0400919A2 HU0400919A HU0400919A HU0400919A2 HU 0400919 A2 HU0400919 A2 HU 0400919A2 HU 0400919 A HU0400919 A HU 0400919A HU 0400919 A HU0400919 A HU 0400919A HU 0400919 A2 HU0400919 A2 HU 0400919A2
Authority
HU
Hungary
Prior art keywords
catheter
section
sections
characterized
kit according
Prior art date
Application number
HU0400919A
Other languages
Hungarian (hu)
Inventor
Lars Bogelund Jensen
Allan Tanghoj
Original Assignee
Coloplast As
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to DK200101041A priority Critical patent/DK200101041A/en
Priority to US09/893,514 priority patent/US20030004496A1/en
Priority to DKPA200101386 priority
Priority to DKPA200101870 priority
Priority to DKPA200101869 priority
Priority to US10/026,819 priority patent/US7311698B2/en
Priority to DKPA200200569 priority
Priority to DKPA200200570 priority
Priority to DKPA200200895 priority
Application filed by Coloplast As filed Critical Coloplast As
Priority to PCT/DK2002/000450 priority patent/WO2003002179A2/en
Publication of HU0400919A2 publication Critical patent/HU0400919A2/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=43971015&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=HU0400919(A2) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/44Devices worn by the patient for reception of urine, faeces, catamenial or other discharge; Portable urination aids; Colostomy devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/44Devices worn by the patient for reception of urine, faeces, catamenial or other discharge; Portable urination aids; Colostomy devices
    • A61F5/4404Details or parts
    • A61F5/4405Valves or valve arrangements specially adapted therefor ; Fluid inlets or outlets
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0009Making of catheters or other medical or surgical tubes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0009Making of catheters or other medical or surgical tubes
    • A61M25/0015Making lateral openings in a catheter tube, e.g. holes, slits, ports, piercings of guidewire ports; Methods for processing the holes, e.g. smoothing the edges
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0017Catheters; Hollow probes specially adapted for long-term hygiene care, e.g. urethral or indwelling catheters to prevent infections
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/002Packages specially adapted therefor ; catheter kit packages
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0043Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by structural features
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0067Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by the distal end, e.g. tips
    • A61M25/0068Static characteristics of the catheter tip, e.g. shape, atraumatic tip, curved tip or tip structure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M25/0105Steering means as part of the catheter or advancing means; Markers for positioning
    • A61M25/0111Aseptic insertion devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M39/00Tubes, tube connectors, tube couplings, valves, access sites or the like, specially adapted for medical use
    • A61M39/22Valves or arrangement of valves
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/16Making multilayered or multicoloured articles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0043Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by structural features
    • A61M25/0045Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by structural features multi-layered, e.g. coated
    • A61M2025/0046Coatings for improving slidability
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M39/00Tubes, tube connectors, tube couplings, valves, access sites or the like, specially adapted for medical use
    • A61M39/22Valves or arrangement of valves
    • A61M39/221Frangible or pierceable closures within tubing
    • A61M2039/222Frangible or pierceable closures within tubing frangible within tubing or bags
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0067Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by the distal end, e.g. tips
    • A61M25/0068Static characteristics of the catheter tip, e.g. shape, atraumatic tip, curved tip or tip structure
    • A61M25/007Side holes, e.g. their profiles or arrangements; Provisions to keep side holes unblocked
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/16Making multilayered or multicoloured articles
    • B29C45/1676Making multilayered or multicoloured articles using a soft material and a rigid material, e.g. making articles with a sealing part
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS OR TO MATERIALS FOR MOULDS, REINFORCEMENTS, FILLERS OR PREFORMED PARTS, e.g. INSERTS
    • B29K2995/00Properties of moulding materials, reinforcements, fillers, preformed parts or moulds
    • B29K2995/0037Other properties
    • B29K2995/0092Other properties hydrophilic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
    • B29L2031/00Other particular articles
    • B29L2031/753Medical equipment; Accessories therefor
    • B29L2031/7542Catheters

Abstract

A set of body cavities for producing a body fluid catheter, comprising at least two catheter sections forming a passageway and configured to link the passages to a single catheter in a first mutual arrangement, and the sections together form a catheter of a length that is larger as the length of each section separately, and which is so rigid that the entire catheter can be manipulated by manipulating at least one of the sections, and the kit in a mutual arrangement is shorter than the section in the first mutual arrangement. The catheter according to the invention comprises a flexible elongated tube having an internal cross-section and size for determining a first passage for urinary emptying and having an end of insertion and an discharge end and a support element inserted into the first conduit having an outer cross-sectional shape and an outer cross-sectional shape. substantially the same as the inner cross-sectional shape and size of the elongated tube to hold said tube against bending of the tube while bending the tube and being so flexible that it can be screwed together. The human bladder emptying character generation kit includes at least two catheter sections (1,2), each forming a longitudinal longitudinal passage, and sections arranged in an overlapping manner such that the first, close end of said catheter sections (1,2) is surrounded by a tubular protector, and further comprising a joint for joining the first and second catheter sections forming a fluid-tight seal between the proximal end section (3) of the first catheter section (1) and the inner wall of the tubular protector; in a longitudinally extending cavity, which tubular protective element is removably attached to the fitting and / or catheter section (2), so that when the tubular element is removed, the proximal end portion (3) of the first catheter compartment comes out, ready to be inserted into the human urethra report. HE

Description

OUTPUT, LcvÁULJ kcJe / U? '' AíU <jIf

A kit for producing a body catheter for emptying body fluid, comprising at least two catheter sections forming a passageway within a 5, and arranged in such a way that, in a first reciprocal arrangement, the flights can be linked to a flight, and the sections together are forming a length catheter larger than the length of each section separately, and rigid enough to manipulate the entire catheter by manipulating at least one section, and in a second mutual arrangement, the kit is shorter than the sections in the first mutual arrangement . The catheter according to the invention comprises an elastic elongated tube having an internal cross-section and size that designates a first passage for discharging urine and has an end of insertion and an end of an emitter and a support element inserted into the first conductor, the outer cross-sectional shape and size are substantially the same as the inner cross-sectional shape and size of the elongated tube, to hold said tube against its indentation when bending the tube, and which is so flexible that it can be screwed together. The kit for preparing the catheter for emptying the human bladder comprises at least two catheter sections which interleave a longitudinally extending passage, and which further includes a joint for the first and second catheter section portions which are fluid-tight sealing

forming a substantially annular and longitudinal direction between the near end section of the first catheter section and the inner wall of the tubular protector.

at the close of the first catheter section, the end portion of the first catheter is ready to be introduced into the human urethra. (Figure 1)

·· · ♦> PC40Ö919

99934-14079 ER

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KITTER FOR MANUFACTURE AND CATEGORY OF CATEGORIES

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a kit for the production of a catheter and to body fluids e.g.

an oblong tubular catheter for emptying urine from the bladder.

The use of bladder emptying catheter is used for periodic, hospital or permanent catheterization. Typically, patients with urinary retention problems or persons with disabilities such as para-or tetrapleges are not using the catheter for the control of urination, and for whom catheterization is a method of urination.

Consequently, catheterization is increasingly becoming an everyday process that significantly improves the quality of life of a large group of patients.

Catheters are typically designed for single use and, accordingly, the cost of manufacturing, packaging and sterilizing the catheter is an important issue. Current catheters are made from a single continuous catheter tube. The thickness of the catheter tube is typically constant over the entire length.

The length of the catheter allows you to insert a certain length into the urethra until the urine begins to flow. At this point it is necessary to have a certain extra length from the catheter. The extra length helps the user firmly hold the catheter and lead the urine to the placement and safely retract the catheter without risking the catheter disappearing into the urethra.

· «* · *« • · · · · · «· · ···

The currently used catheters are designed to minimize the risk of mucosal injuries and do not cause any pain sensation during insertion. Accordingly, the surface of known catheters is generally smooth and slippery, optimized for safe and carefree insertion into the urethra. That is why it is often difficult to handle the catheter by manipulating the slippery extra length, not least for the disabled user.

It is important that the tubular member does not become crushed and dent in, as this would block the passage through which the urine can escape through the catheter. The currently used catheters are therefore typically form-resistant and relatively hard, but can be bent, e.g. They are made of PVC, PU or PE pipe. Since the hardness of the tubes is chosen to be relatively large to avoid denting, the catheter may be compressed by bending it with too little radius of curvature.

Accordingly, currently used catheters are not only quite long, but are also packaged in a typically extended shape. Consequently, existing catheters are often difficult to handle and, last but not least, for persons who have a daily catheterization process, which means that catheterisation occurs several times a day and that the catheters used must be placed in the garbage can. .

It is an object of the present invention to overcome the above-described drawbacks of the known catheters by providing a kit for the preparation of a catheter for emptying a human bladder, comprising at least two catheter sections forming a passage within each of these sections arranged in a first mutual arrangement relative to one another. the flights can be connected to one passage and the sections together form a catheter of a length that is larger than the length of each section separately and which is so rigid that the entire catheter can be manipulated by manipulating at least one section. Another object of the invention is to provide an improved catheter production process.

· «» · «« • «· · ···« * · «« · · *

Accordingly, the catheter according to the invention may be folded, compressed, bent, disassembled or otherwise adjusted to at least one configuration in which the catheter may be inserted into the urethra or into an artificial urethra and into a configuration in which the length of the catheter is reduced. For example, the length may be reduced to half, one-third, one-quarter, or one-fifth of the normal length including the extra length required to manipulate the catheter.

The catheter section may be formed from elongated tubular sections, characterized in that the passageway is formed inside the sections, or the sections may comprise an elongated solid inner core with one or more deflectors extending radially from the inner core along its entire length. The blades thus form a number of discharge passages through which urine can be emptied and the body discharged, e.g. between urethra. The advantage of using a passage between the solid inner core and the wall of the urethra is that the flow of body fluid clears the urethra and thus reduces the risk of infection relative to the conventional catheter, where the body fluid is discharged inside the catheter, isolated from the body channel.

If the catheter is substantially rigid throughout its length, this will allow it to be treated as a single catheter tube. In this way, the insertion of the proximal end of the catheter can be accomplished without touching the portion of the catheter to be inserted into the urethra. Preferably, the catheter has bending moments that are E-modulus and at least IMPamm 4 can be defined as the product of the moment of inertia. Since the close (insertable) end of the catheter is to pass through the prostate in the case of male individuals, the proximal end of the catheter, e.g. the first 10-50 mm, more preferably the first 20-40 mm, more preferably the first 25-33 mm, e.g. the first 30 mm can be formed with even smaller bending moments, which is the E-modulus and e.g. 0.6 Mpamm 4 less than or equal to 0.3 Mpamm 4 can be defined as the product of the inertia torque even less than. Other parts of the catheter, e.g. the distal end portion through which the urine is discharged into the toilet, bag or deposit site can also be trained for minor bending moments «« ·· · • »V · · ·

Λ 4 »·

The flow cross section or the hydraulic radius defined as the ratio of the flow cross-sectional area to the wetted circumference can be selected independently of the length, e.g. the size of the urethra, which size depends on the individual using the catheter. The flow cross section or hydraulic radius of each section may be the same, or each section may have a unique cross section or hydraulic radius. However, at least one section of at least one section should be of cross-sectional shape and size that is adapted to the size of the urethra or the artificial urethra. Likewise, the length of a section should preferably be selected according to the length of the urethra or urethra. In this way it is possible to insert only one section and consequently it is not necessary to insert a transition between the sections. However, especially for men with a particularly long urethra, a catheter can be provided whose insertion length is divided into two or more portions. In this particular case, it is expedient to create a transition between the sections so that at least the outer surface of the catheter is substantially free of recesses or sharp edges.

Preferably, the length of at least one of the catheter sections is in the range of 5090 mm, more preferably in the range of 55 to 85 mm, more preferably in the range of 60 to 80 mm, e.g. it can be 70 mm long, which has been shown to be a suitable insert length for most women. In the case of men, the length of the catheter sections is preferably in the range of 180 to 250 mm, more preferably in the range of 190 to 240 mm, more preferably in the range of 2002 to 30 mm, e.g. can be 220 mm. In the case of male subjects, it may also be advantageous to provide at least a portion of the inserted end of the catheter from a material or size such that the tube is very flexible without being stuck. This makes it easier for the catheter to drain next to the prostate.

The outer cross-sectional shape of at least one section is preferably substantially circular and has a cross-section of 0.5 mm 2 -30 mm 2 range.

More preferably, at least one section has a hydraulic radius of 0.21.5 mm. Alternatively, the cross-sectional shape of at least one section must correspond to the shape of the urethra or the artificial urethra, so that the cross-sectional area remains at 0.5 mm. 2 -30 mm 2 or the hydraulic radius within the range of 0.2 to 1.5 mm. However, the other sections need not necessarily have the same cross-sectional shape or the same hydraulic radius. The wall thickness of the catheter is preferably between 0.5 and 1.5 mm.

A catheter or at least a portion of the catheter may be made of thermoplastic elastomer, other thermoplastic materials, curable elastomeric materials, polyamide resin or elastomers, or any mixture thereof, i.e. the group may contain materials such as PVC, PU, PE, latex and / or Kraton ™.

In a preferred embodiment, the present invention relates to a catheter which is divided into completely separate catheter sections. Each catheter section has at least one end on which there is a means for linking the section to another section corresponding to the adjacent portion of the catheter. For example, the catheter may be divided into two tubular interconnected pieces coupled by connecting means.

The coupling means preferably have a stiffness that allows manipulation of at least one catheter section by manipulating one of the other catheter sections. The connection between each piece must be at least rigid enough to allow a close section to be inserted into the urethra by manipulating one of the other sections. Consequently, the connection is preferably arranged so that at least the portion of the catheter extending beyond the junction zone is the E-modulus and at least 0.6 Mpamm 4 , more preferably at least 1 Mpamm 4 have a bending moment corresponding to the product of the product. In order to avoid disintegration of the individual parts during use, the connection is preferably arranged to take at least 0.5 N axial force, or at least greater axial force than the axial force required to withdraw the catheter from the urethra or the artificial urethra.

The pieces can be connected eg telescoping or an articulated strap that allows one of the two sections to be rotated between the two legs. It is useful for the sections to be fixedly connected to each other so that they cannot separate from each other during the use of the catheter while the urine is drained through the catheter. However, since urine emptying is always in one direction, the connection does not necessarily have to be fluid-tight. For example, a telescopic connection may be provided by placing the section for insertion into the urethra into the distal section. The flow direction of the urine at least essentially prevents the connection from fading, even though the connection is not completely fluid-tight. At the same time, a fully sealed connection may provide a safer catheter, in which case there is less risk of hand, etc. staining.

In one embodiment in which the two catheter sections are telescopically arranged, one of the catheter sections is for insertion into the human urethra, while the other catheter section is generally designed to extend the catheter outside the human urethra during use of the catheter. . In use, i.e. in the first mutual configuration of the two catheter sections, the second catheter section preferably extends over the first catheter section at the distal end of the first catheter section. In the second mutual configuration, which is generally the configuration in which the telescopic assembly is stored and transported, at least a portion of the first catheter section may be surrounded! the second catheter section. In the second mutual configuration, a tubular protective element can be provided between the outer wall of the first catheter section and the inner wall of the second catheter. The dimensions of the tubular protector and the catheter sections may be such that, in the second mutual configuration, a substantially annular and longitudinal cavity is formed between the outer wall of the first catheter section and the inner wall of the second catheter section. The first catheter section may have a hydrophilic surface and a liquid swelling medium in the annular cavity for swelling the first catheter section, whereby the first catheter section enclosed in the hermetically sealed cavity can be retained in its wet, swollen state for 1-5 years, more preferably 3- 5 years or more. The air-tight closure of the annular cavity is desirable for all types of catheter surfaces, for both hydrophilic and hydrophobic catheter surfaces, as it prevents dirt from entering the cavity. Thus, in the case of the second mutual configuration, the telescopic fitting can form a liquid- and dirt-proof air-tight seal between the second catheter section and the surrounding atmosphere.

Preferably, the distal end of the second catheter section is provided with an airtight sealing portion that is not permeable to liquid or dirt, and which can be removed so that when the distal end of the second catheter section is inserted, e.g. into a urine collection bag, a passage for urine at the point where the closure was removed. The tubular protector is preferably removable when the first and second catheter sections take up the first reciprocal position, so that, after removal of the tubular protective element, the proximal end of the first catheter section is released, ready for insertion into the human urethra. The distal end of the second catheter section may alternatively be formed in one piece with the collecting bag. For example, on the second catheter section, there may be a plastic welding flange with which the plastic collecting bag can be glued with the second catheter section.

In another preferred embodiment, the catheter may comprise at least two sections that are not separated from each other but separated by a flexible zone. The bendable zone may be e.g. an accordion-shaped section or zone may be an area where the thickness of the tubular material is smaller and within which the bending torque of the zone is correspondingly smaller. The zone can be made of a more flexible material, whereby the catheter tube can be bent without being caught or damaged by the tube.

In general, the problems associated with the introduction of a catheter into the urethra depend not only on the size of the portion of the catheter introduced into the urethra, but also on the slip of the introduced part. A catheter section designed for insertion into the urethra or artificial urethra or at least a portion of the catheter section or sections is provided with a slippery surface for easy and safe insertion. However, experience has shown that the smudged or slippery surface is difficult to handle, especially for the low-skilled user. Therefore, it is an object of the present invention to provide a catheter whose insertion portion is treated so as to have a slippery surface and is preferably followed by another untreated portion after the aforementioned division of the catheter. its purpose is to make the catheter compressible or separable. According to an alternative embodiment, the parts may be designed so that one is smooth and the other part is coarse.

According to a preferred embodiment, at least one of the sections is provided with gripping means that facilitate the firm grip of the catheter. Not least for disabled users, the gripping device significantly improves the catheter value. The gripping device may be a radially projecting one or more flanges or a zone having a large outer cross-sectional diameter. In addition, the catheter or at least one catheter section may be provided with means for attaching an external pliers. For example, one tubular catheter tube may be provided with an annular bulb for engaging the pliers. The annular bulge may be formed in the form of a short, tubular plastic piece having a radial size greater than the catheter, such that the catheter is inserted and glued to the short plastic piece.

A hydrophilic surface treated with a liquid swelling material can provide excellent lubrication for insertion, while also being compatible with body tissue. Therefore, according to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, at least one section must be provided with a hydrophilic surface layer.

One catheter section may be used for sterile packing of catheter sections, e.g. such that the sections are telescopically arranged in a section, sealed at each end of the section and sealed, e.g. can be pulled out and optionally with a metal coating, which can be made e.g. thermoplastic elastomeric material, other thermoplastic materials, curable elastomeric materials, polyamide resin or elastomers, or any mixture thereof, i.e., the group may contain materials such as PVC, PU, PE, latex and / or Kraton ™, which allows for assembly in radiation sterilization.

A liquid swelling medium for the hydrophilic surface can be provided in the package so that the small scratching coefficient begins at the packaging of the catheter. The liquid swelling medium may be simply saline. or a bactericidal solution capable of swelling the hydrophilic surface and maintaining the surface in a sterile state, or it may be pure water. The swelling can also be started before the catheter is placed in the container if it is placed in a substantially gas-tight container for the ka5 stack to preserve the wetted surface. In addition, the liquid swelling medium may be provided in a capsule or container packed with the catheter for swelling of the hydrophilic material immediately prior to insertion.

According to a second embodiment, the present invention provides a bendable urinary catheter for emptying a human bladder 10 comprising:

- a flexible elongated tube having an internal cross-sectional shape and size for determining a first passage for discharging urine, characterized in that said tube has an end of insertion and an end of an emitter, and a support element introduced into the first conduit, having an outer cross-sectional shape and size substantially the same as the inner cross-sectional shape and size of the elongated tube, to hold said tube against bending thereof when bending the tube, characterized in that the support member is so flexible that it can be screwed together.

The shape of the elastic elongated tube may correspond to the shape of a regular catheter of the known type. Preferably, the tube or at least a portion of the tube may be made of a thermoplastic elastomer material, other thermoplastic materials, curable elastomeric materials, polyamide resin or elastomers, or any mixture thereof, i.e. the group may contain materials such as:

PVC, PU, PE, latex and / or Kraton ™.

The support member holds the catheter so that it does not squeeze when the catheter is bent, e.g. the catheter is user friendly for short wrapping. The support member may be solid or the support member may be hollow to form a second wire. The solid support element must be designed to be removed prior to bladder emptying, while the hollow support member may remain in the tube while the bladder is first and in the liver.

it is emptied through the duct.

For example, the support member may be adhered to the elongated tube, or the support member may be poured into the tube during the tube manufacturing process. The support element can be fully integrated into the elongated tube.

The support member may be made of any suitable material, such as. eg. plastics, steel, aluminum, thermoplastic elastomer, other thermoplastic materials, curable elastomeric materials, polyamide resin or elastomers, or any mixture thereof. The support member may be, for example, a coil spring having a length in the range of 20-60 mm, more preferably in the range of 30-50 mm, e.g. in the 35-45 mm range. The spring must be placed inside the elongated tube in the zone where bending of the catheter is desired, e.g. halfway along the longitudinal axis of the elongated tube. When used, the urine is discharged through the first conduit of the elongated tube and the second conduit along the support element.

In a preferred embodiment, the support member has a length in the range of 60-120 mmes, more preferably in the range of 70-110 mm, such as in the 80-100 mm range, and the support member may even hang out in the elongated tube emitter. beyond. This allows the user to remove the support element when inserting the catheter into the urethra.

According to a further preferred embodiment, the gripping means are provided on the support member to facilitate removal of the support member from the discharge end during insertion of the catheter.

According to a third embodiment of the invention, there is provided a kit for the preparation of a catheter for emptying the human bladder, the kit comprising at least two catheter sections forming a longitudinally extending passage, and which sections are arranged in an overlapping manner such that said catheter sections the first proximal end thereof is surrounded by a tubular protector, and the kit further comprises a joint for connecting the first and second catheter sections, forming a fluid-solid seal between the near end section of the first catheter section and the inner wall of the tubular protective element , in a substantially annular and longitudinally extending cavity extending in a tubular protective member removably attached to the joint and / or the second catheter section, such that the first catheter section k is removed when the tubular member is removed; Smart end part emerges, ready for insertion into the human urethra. The passage can be formed in the hollow tubular catheter sections or between the solid inner core and the wall of the urethra or the like.

In connection with the first embodiment of the invention, the above described features of the embodiments that the first and second catheter sections are telescoping are also applicable to the kit according to the third embodiment of the invention. Thus, the embodiments of the kit according to the third embodiment of the invention can be considered as modifications of the telescopically arranged set according to the first embodiment of the invention, the change being generally not intended to be longitudinal displacement of the two catheter sections relative to one another, and generally only a mutual configuration. is designed to fit. Further, in connection with the first embodiment of the invention, all the elements and features discussed above can be provided for the kit according to the third embodiment of the invention as long as these features and elements are suitable for the catheter of the third embodiment of the invention.

In particular, the catheter according to the third embodiment can be designed so that the sections are designed to be movable between at least two positions. One position is when the second section surrounds the first section, and the second position is when the second section is the extension of the first section.

Preferably, the alignment between the first section and the second section is a telescopic fit which forms a fluid-tight lock between the sections when they are moved between the first position and the second position. For example, the first section may be provided with a piston seal designed to slip along the inner surface of the second section while pulling the first section out of the second section between the first and second positions.

♦ · ·

In order for the user to insert the first section into the body channel, it is useful if there is a recording device for the first and / or second catheter section, whereby the first section can be fixed in a certain position relative to the second section when the sections in the second position that is, when the catheter is in a ready configuration for insertion into the body channel.

In order for the user to pull the first catheter section out of the second catheter section without touching the insertion portion of the catheter, the tubular protector is preferably designed to grip and secure the first catheter section. In this way, the tubular protector can be used to pull the first catheter section out of the second catheter section.

When the first catheter section is pulled out of the second catheter section, i.e. when the sections take up the second position, i.e. the position in which the second catheter section is the extension of the first catheter section, the tubular protector should be able to release the first catheter section. After removal of the tubular protective element, the catheter is in the "ready for insertion" state.

In order to use the second catheter section as the first catheter section, i.e. the sealing casing or wrapper of the insertion catheter section, the distal end of the first catheter section should preferably be configured to seal an opening at the distal end of the second catheter section when the sections are in the first position and do not close the opening when the sections are in the second position. When the sections are brought to the second position, i.e. when the catheter is in "ready for insertion", the opening at the distal end of the second section may be used for body fluids, e.g. to remove urine from the catheter.

The ring-shaped cavity can be used e.g. a friction reducing agent, e.g. for storing water or saline, hydrogel or similar lubricant for the hydrophilic catheter, the kit should preferably be configured to provide a sealing connection between the tubular protector and the first catheter section when the tubular protector grips the first catheter section. When the

the tubular protective element is separated from the first catheter section, i.e., after the catheter has been "ready for insertion", the annular cavity opens towards the ambient atmosphere, thereby exposing the insertion tip of the first catheter section and allowing the user to evacuate excess frictional material.

According to one preferred embodiment, the first catheter section is provided with a hydrophilic surface and the friction reducing material available in the annular cavity is a liquid swelling medium, e.g. water or saline.

According to a fourth embodiment, the invention provides a method for producing a urethral catheter comprising a proximal insertion section which forms an elongated inner passage for urine and at least one aperture for proximal insertion! at the near end of the epithelium, to urinate from the human bladder to the elongated inner passage, the procedure comprising the following steps:

- Ensure a casting template that determines at least the near insertion! section shape

- close insertion! section training with injection molding,

- close insertion! Remove section from casting template.

While longitudinal plastic catheters have been manufactured by a costly process so far that the catheter body is extruded, its rounded tip is formed by heat treatment, transverse passages are made with the cutting device for urine near the tip of the catheter, and the edges of the transverse lines are heat treated. rounded, the fourth embodiment of the invention has the advantage of providing a more efficient and more precise manufacturing process with less material loss and fewer production stages.

The catheter may further comprise a connecting portion for connecting the proximal insertion portion to the further catheter section or urine collection bag. The connecting part can be made of the same material as the close insert! part and close insertion! and the connecting part 14 can be formed substantially simultaneously. Alternatively, the connecting part may be made of a material other than the material of the near insertion portion, in which case the coupling part and the proximal insertion! Part II should be produced in separate production stages, for example in a multi-component injection molding process.

Preferred embodiments of the invention will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. It is in the drawing

Figure 1 shows a catheter set according to the invention, a

Figure 2 shows the catheter set of Figure 1, assembled for use, a

Figure 3 shows a "Swiss knife" embodiment of the catheter set according to the invention, a

Fig. 4 shows the catheter set of Fig. 3 assembled and assembled for use;

Figure 5

Fig. 6 shows a compressed catheter with a reinforcing sleeve showing the catheter set of Fig. 5, opened and in a configuration of use;

Fig. 7 shows an embodiment of the kit, wherein one of the catheter sections is inserted into one of the catheter parts for storage so as to replace the catheter package;

Figure 8 shows an embodiment of Figure 7, characterized in that the inserted catheter portion is partially withdrawn at one end of the container,

Fig. 9 shows an embodiment according to Figures 7 and 8, characterized in that the inserted catheter portion is completely pulled out of the container and is then connected to the other end of the container, whereby the container serves as a gripper for manipulating the catheter, the

Figure 10 shows the collapsed telescopic catheter set, a

Fig. 11 shows the catheter set of Fig. 10 in a withdrawn configuration;

Fig. 12 shows the catheter set of Fig. 10 after opening and pulling out the combined lock and pull cap,

Figure 13 shows a preferred embodiment of a combined lock and pull cap for the set shown in Figures 11 and 12;

Fig. 14 shows another preferred embodiment of the combined lock and pull cap for the set shown in Figs.

15-18. Figure 1 shows an embodiment of the kit according to the invention, characterized in that the catheter sections are arranged telescopically,

19-22. Figure 1 shows a further embodiment, characterized in that the catheter sections are telescopically arranged,

Fig. 23 shows a kit in which the distal portion of the catheter bends over the inserted portion of the catheter to protect the inserted part of the catheter;

Fig. 24 shows a bendable catheter with a support element, a

Fig. 25 shows a catheter on which a gripping means is provided to facilitate catheter management;

Fig. 26 shows a preferred cross-sectional shape of the catheter section for insertion into the urethra;

Fig. 27 shows a catheter made according to the method of the invention;

Figures 28, 29 and 30 illustrate an embodiment of a catheter section, according to which the passage is formed between the solid inner core and a body channel such as the urethra.

As shown in Figure 1, the catheter set according to the invention comprises a first elongated tubular catheter section 1 configured for insertion into the urethra or an artificial urethra and a second elongated tubular catheter section 2 which is a catheter. The tubular catheter section at the proximal end 3 is provided with holes 4 through which the urine may be discharged into the tubular member. For the sake of the mucosa, the holes are preferably formed on the side of the tubular member. Alternatively, the tubular member may be provided with a hole at the tip. It is important that the edge of the tube is smoothly rounded, or that the material, or at least that part of the tubular member, is selected so as not to cut or damage the urethra, e.g. made of soft, elastic rubber material.

The tubular member at the distal end 5 is provided with a connecting means 6 for connecting the catheter section to the corresponding connecting means 7 of the second tubular section. Preferably, the first and second sections are made of a thermoplastic elastomer material, other thermoplastic materials, curable elastomeric materials, polyamide resin or elastomers, or any mixture thereof, i.e., the group may contain materials such as PVC, PU, PE, EVA, latex and / or or Kraton ™, PTE (Teflon), FEP, Siloxane (silicone rubber) and / or FEP.

Figure 2 shows the assembled catheter. The second catheter section is configured to extend the first catheter section so that the first and second sections together form a rigid catheter long enough to allow catheterization. The first section should be rigid enough to allow the section to be inserted into the urethra without compressing the section. The link 6,7 between the second section and the first section and the second section, as shown in Figure 1, is rigid enough to allow the first section to be inserted by manipulation of the second section. As shown in Figures 1 and 2, the catheter is preferably provided with a gripping device 8 to facilitate good grip and manipulation of the catheter. In the embodiments of Figures 1 and 2, the kit is preferably packaged in a sterile container.

According to the marking of Figure 2, the kit may comprise a gripping section and a few catheter sections which are designed for insertion, or the kit may alternatively be packaged in two containers - one comprising a multi-use gripping device, and the other, separately sterilized wrapper. one or more sections for insertion and single use. For example, the sections may be packaged in the manner in which the cartridges are located in the revolver or in the cartridge strap, i.e. connected to form a long row or tube of sections.

Figure 3 shows a "Swiss knife" embodiment of the catheter set. The first catheter section 10 is folded into the slot 11 of the second catheter section. The first catheter sections are rotatably suspended on the second catheter section at the articulation 13.

Figure 4 shows an embodiment of the "Swiss knife" opened. The crevice 11 may be covered e.g. a thin latex film that seals the second catheter section. When folded, the first catheter section simply folds the latex film into the second catheter section. When the catheter is opened, the elasticity and slight pre-tension of the film exacerbates the film from the cleft, providing a free passage for the urine, which can be emptied through the second catheter section. The latex film is not shown in Figures 3 and 4.

Figure 5 shows an embodiment of the invention in which the catheter is simply bent, whereby the catheter is divided into the first catheter section 14 and the second catheter section 15 by the compressed catheter portion 15. The catheter has 17 reinforcing sleeves. By means of the switch 18, the catheter coupling e.g. for the urine collection bag.

Figure 6 shows the catheter of Figure 5, open. The sleeve 17 is now displaced along the catheter to hold the catheter around the compressed portion of the catheter.

Fig. 7 shows an embodiment of the catheter set according to the invention that the first catheter section not shown in Fig. 7 is sterile packed inside the second catheter section 21 and at the end of the second catheter section. are sealed with sealing caps or foils 22, 23.

Preferably, the first section is provided with a hydrophilic coating which, when treated with a liquid swelling medium, provides a surface with a low coefficient of friction on the first catheter section. The coating should be of a variety that has a longer duration, e.g. keep the activated state of the liquid barrier for several months. In this way, the liquid barrier medium can be used in the catheter package for placing in the container, such as: · "·" · · · · · · «" · · · · · · · provides a ready-to-use catheter. The hydrophilic coatings are well known per se. WO 98/58988, WO 98/58990 or EP 0570370. For this purpose, the sealing caps or films are preferably made of gas-solid material for a longer period of time, e.g. for several months the moisture of the catheter is preserved and thus its lubricity. For example, the second catheter section and / or the sealing caps may be made of thermoplastic elastomer material, other thermoplastic materials, curable elastomeric materials, polyamide resin or elastomers, or any mixture thereof, i.e. the group may contain materials such as PVC, PU, PE, ÉVA. , latex and / or Kraton ™. The caps should be designed to be thick enough to be gas-tight. Alternatively, they can be made of metal-coated foil.

As shown in Figure 8, the first catheter section can be easily pulled out of the second catheter by tightening the cap or foil 23, which cap or foil fits to the distal end of the first catheter section.

Figure 9 shows the assembled catheter after attachment to the second catheter section. The film or cap 23 may either be completely removable as shown in FIG. 9 or at least be punctured by the engagement means 24 of the second catheter section.

Fig. 10 shows an embodiment of the catheter set according to which the first and second catheter sections are telescopically connected. The first catheter section is sterile packaged inside the second catheter section 26. The second catheter section is sealed by the first sealing member 27 and the second sealing seal 28. Before use, the first sealing part must be removed. If the first catheter section has a hydrophilic surface layer, and if this catheter section is packed with a liquid swelling medium, the liquid medium can be emptied through a passage opened by the first sealing portion. Fig. 11 shows best that the second sealing section holds the first catheter section 30 so that the first catheter section can be easily pulled out. When the first catheter section is fully extended, the distal portion of the first catheter section grips the proximal end of the second catheter section in the junction zone 31 · · «· · ·" «· · · ·, and the second sealing portion easily releases the first catheter section. The catheter is then in ready-to-use configuration.

Fig. 13 shows a preferred embodiment of the second sealing portion 28 according to which the closure portion 33 is provided with internal and radially inwardly protruding protrusions 32 associated with the hole 32 shown in Fig. 12.

Figure 14 shows another embodiment of the second sealing portion 28, wherein the elastic gripper blades 34 softly grip the near (inserted) end of the first catheter section so that the first catheter section can easily be pulled out of the second catheter section after removal of the second sealing portion.

The catheter set is shown in FIGS. 1, the inner diameter of the second catheter section is slightly greater than the outer diameter of the first catheter section. This is advantageous e.g. when the first catheter section is provided with a hydrophilic surface coating so as not to scrape off the coating when the first catheter section is slid out of the second catheter section. On the other hand, it is an important aspect to create a coupling zone in which the first catheter section and the second catheter section are closely connected. In this way, the insertion and control of the first section becomes possible simply by manipulating the second section without the slots sliding in relation to each other at the telescopic coupling. Furthermore, it is important to ensure that the first catheter section does not slide out of the second stage, in which case the first catheter section may disappear in the urethra. For this purpose, at the distal end of the first catheter section (opposite the inserted end), a radially outwardly extending flange can be formed which prevents the first catheter section from sliding out of the second catheter section.

15-18. Figure 2 shows a second embodiment of the catheter set, characterized in that the first and second catheter sections 42, 44 are telescopically connected. A portion of the first catheter section 42 is surrounded by a tubular protector 46 forming a substantially annular cavity 48 around the first catheter. In the second mutual configuration shown in FIG. 16, for the storage and transport kit, the first catheter section 42 and the tubular protector 46 are inserted as far as possible into the second catheter section 44. In the cavity 48, a hydrophilic swelling medium, e.g. water to make the hydrophilic surface coating optionally provided on the first catheter section 48 stored in a wet state. Additional hydrophilic swelling media may be present in the cavity 48 to prevent drying of the hydrophilic surface coating. At the distal end of the first catheter section 42, a fluid sealing member 52 is provided. In one embodiment, the closure member 52 may be removed to provide a passage between the second catheter section 44 and the urine collection bag, or any other means for collecting or transporting the urine, mounted at the distal end of the second catheter section 44 to remove the closure 52 following. In another embodiment, the closure member 52 is an integral part of the second catheter section 44, in which case the wall 53 of the closure member 52 may be perforated to provide a passage for the second catheter section 44 and the urine collection bag or other means for collecting or transporting urine. between the distal end of the second catheter section 44. In another embodiment, the closure member 52 may be replaced by a perforated wall, e.g. a wall formed from a central plate connected to the outer wall of the second catheter section 44 at its distal end in the form of radially projecting ribs or spokes. In such an embodiment, the first catheter section 42 and the seal 50 may be formed from a single, integral piece.

As shown in FIG. 16, the outer wall of the second catheter 44 forms a gripper, since the tubular protector 46 is arranged to protrude from the grip at its proximal end. The tubular protector 46 may form a flange at its proximal end to allow the user to pull out the first catheter section 42 and the tubular protector 46 from the handle 44 / second catheter section. In the extended state, the tubular protective element 46 and thus the first catheter section 42 surrounded by it extend beyond the gripper 44 or the second catheter section as shown in FIG. The protrusion 47 at the distal end of the tubular protective element 46 removably fixes the tubular protective element 46 to the seal 50, I 15, 17 and * * *.

Figure 18. The seal 50 may be formed by momentarily gripping the proximal end of the second catheter section 44 as soon as the seal 50 and the tubular protector 46 have reached the fully withdrawn position shown in Figure 17. In the example shown in FIG. 15, the seal 50 has a groove 51 which, in the withdrawn position shown in FIGS. 17 and 18, grips the flange 45 at the proximal end of the second catheter section 44. Immediately prior to using the catheter, the tubular member 46 must be removed to release the first catheter section 42 as shown in Figure 18.

See Figures 19-22. Figure 1 shows a further embodiment of the catheter set, characterized in that the catheter sections are telescopically arranged. As shown in the perspective exploded sectional view of Figure 22, the kit comprises: a first catheter section 62; 64 second catheter sections with one or more 65 internal flanges; 66 conductors with 67 protruding parts; 69 fitting with collar 70 and clips 71 for guide element 66; and remote closure element 72 and close closure element 73. The kit should be stored and transported in the configuration shown in FIG. 19, wherein the second catheter section surrounds the first catheter section 62 and the guide element 66. Before using the catheter, the remote closure 72 must be removed and the guide element 66 removed as shown in Figure 20. The guide element 66 must be pulled out of the possible length, i.e., until the protruding parts 67, due to their elasticity, do not adhere to the corresponding (not visible) grooves of the splits 71 of the joint 69. FIG. The displacement of the joint 69 is prevented by the inner flange portions 65 on the catheter section 64 from the second catheter section 64. Close closure element 73 must also be removed. The guide element 66 is then pushed back into the second catheter section 64. When the conductive element enters the joint, which is firmly coupled to the distal end of the first catheter section, the fitting 69 and the first catheter section 62 extend at the distal end of the second catheter section 64, as the guide element 66 enters the second catheter section 62. When the collar 70 of collar 69 fits into the inner flange or cam formed at the near end of the second catheter section 64, the kit is ready for use and the first catheter section 62 may be introduced into the human urethra. At the close end of the second catheter section 64, a urine collection bag or ♦ t * «« · can be fitted. »Other means for collecting or transporting urine.

Fig. 23 shows an embodiment of the catheter set according to which the second catheter section surrounding the first catheter section can be turned so that the second catheter section protects the first catheter section prior to use. If there are sealing foils or caps at both ends, the first catheter section may be maintained in a sterile state within the second section. Prior to use, the second catheter section must be turned by twisting or twisting, whereby the catheter is placed in a suitable configuration.

As shown in Figure 24, one embodiment of the invention relates to a bendable catheter. The catheter e.g. 35 is a soft and flexible plastic hose which can be made, at least in part, e.g. thermoplastic elastomer material, other thermoplastic materials, curable elastomeric materials, polyamide resin or elastomers, or any mixture thereof, i.e. the group may contain materials such as PVC, PU, PE, EVA, latex, Kraton ™, PTFE (Teflon), FEP , Siloxane (silicone rubber) and / or FEP. The catheter has 36 zones that allow the catheter to bend. The zone can be formed, for example, as a catheter-like part of the catheter. If the catheter is relatively long and if a large part of the catheter is to be inserted into the urethra - and this is generally the case for male users - it may be advantageous to provide a catheter having a curved zone that is smooth on the outside so that into the urethra. For this purpose, the present invention relates to a catheter having a support element inserted in at least the bendable zone. The support member may be a piece of elongated roll spring having a passage for emptying the urine. The spring can easily support the catheter so that the catheter does not squeeze. The spring must be constructed as close as possible to the outer diameter of the catheter. For example, the support member may be a small piece of spring that is glued to the inside of the catheter in the bending zone. As another example, the support member may be a longer spring 37 extending from the catheter opening at the distal end of the catheter (against the inserted end). The support member can thus be removed before the catheter is inserted into the urethra, or at the same time as the catheter is inserted into the urethra. To this end, the supporting element is \ t

can be formed with 38 pliers.

Figure 25 shows a pliers 40 for easy handling of the catheter. The pliers can be very sensitive, not least for the disabled users of the catheter, e.g. people with reduced skills.

Figure 26 shows a preferred cross-sectional shape of the catheter insertion portion. Since the inserted part is oval in cross-sectional shape, the bending torque (indicated in Figure 26) at the ely axis will be different from the bending torque at the axis. The relatively small bending moment measured at the y-axis increases the catheter's ability to bend in one direction, thereby facilitating insertion of the catheter beside the prostate. The relatively high bending torque at the ely axis increases the overall rigidity of the catheter, thereby facilitating manipulation of the inserted catheter portion from the unattached portion of the catheter.

Fig. 27 shows a catheter made according to the method of the invention, having a section of a near catheter 60, at least partially configured to be inserted into the human urethra. The catheter section 60 forms one or more transverse passages 62 through which urine may flow when the near end of catheter section 60 is inserted into the bladder. In addition, the section 60 is provided with a rounded proximal tip 64 to provide insertion of the section without violation of the urethra membrane. The catheter section 60 is formed in one piece by injection molding. The connecting portion 66 is formed with the catheter section 60 during the same molding operation. The connecting portion 66 may be formed to connect the section to the gripping section or to a urine bag.

Fig. 28 is a perspective view of an embodiment of a catheter or catheter section comprising a hard inner core 281 with one or more blades 282 radially protruding from the inner core along its entire length. The blades thus form a plurality of drainage channels 283 for discharging urine from the inner core and the body discharge channel, e.g. between urethra. The advantage of using a passage between the rigid inner core and the urethra wall is that the flow of body fluid clears the urethra and thus reduces the risk of infection.

Figure 29 is a side view of the catheter section of Figure 28; Fig. 30 shows a solid portion 281 coupled with a plurality of shovels 282. The blades themselves are coupled with a switch 302 by means of a plurality of spools 301.

Several openings 303 are formed between the solid catheter portion 281 and the switch 302. Apart from the fact that the passageway is formed between the solid inner core and the wall of the body channel, rather than inside a hollow tube-shaped body, FIGS. Figs. The openings 303 correspond to the perforation on the catheter section shown in Figure 15. The aperture 10 is designed to expel the friction reducing material from the cavity 48 which is formed between the first and second catheter sections. Preferably, the spokes 301 are configured in accordance with the hydrodynamic aspects to allow the liquid to be evacuated with the spokes without causing swirling and without dispersing the liquid. The diamond cross-sectional spokes, arranged in such a way that the longest leg is parallel to the direction of the flow, promote the substantially undisturbed flow of the spokes.

• · · · »· ··« ·

Claims (30)

  1. PATIENT INDIVIDUAL POINTS
    A kit for producing a body catheter for emptying body fluid, characterized in that it comprises at least two catheter sections forming a passageway within a first reciprocal arrangement and connecting the flights to one passage and the sections " together, they form a catheter of a length greater than the length of each section separately, and which is so rigid,
    V that the entire catheter can be manipulated by manipulating at least one of the sections, and in a second mutual arrangement, the kit is shorter than the sections in the first mutual arrangement.
  2. A kit according to claim 1, characterized in that at least two of the catheter sections are located in a single tubular member and the sections are separated from each other by the structural transition of the tubular member.
  3. Kit according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that at least one structural transition forms a bendable zone between two adjacent sections of the catheter.
  4. 4. Referring to 1-3. Kit according to one of Claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the bendable zone is defined by a portion of the tubular member whose bending moment is different from the bending moment of the rest of the tubular member.
  5. Kit according to claim 4, characterized in that the bendable zone is formed by the tubular member's harmonic part.
  6. A kit according to claim 2, wherein at least one structural transition 25 allows the interior of one of the sections to be turned so that said section can be pulled outwardly from the other section.
  7. 7. Kit according to one of Claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the at least two sections are divided into a pair of separate sections coupled to the coupling means.
    • · ·
  8. Kit according to claim 7, characterized in that the connecting means provide a rigidity that allows manipulation of at least one of the catheter sections by manipulating one of the other catheter sections.
  9. Kit according to Claim 7 or 8, characterized in that the connecting means form a telescopic connection.
  10. 10. The kit of claim 9, wherein at least a portion of one of the catheter sections in the second mutual arrangement is surrounded by a second catheter section.
  11. Kit according to claim 9 or 10, characterized in that the telescopic connection provides a fluid-tight seal at the proximal end of a substantially annular and longitudinally extending cavity, where the cavity is between the near end of the first catheter section and the inner wall of the tubular protective element. is designed.
  12. A kit according to claim 11, characterized in that the annular cavity has a liquid swelling medium disposed to swell the first hydrophilic catheter surface.
  13. 13. Referring to FIGS. Kit according to one of Claims 1 to 3, characterized in that at least one of the catheter sections has a hydrophilic surface, at least a portion of which has a low friction surface character when treated with a liquid swelling medium prior to use of the catheter.
  14. 14. References 1-13. Kit according to one of Claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the catheter sections are arranged in a package in the second mutual arrangement.
  15. 15. The kit of claim 14, wherein said at least one of said catheter sections comprises said container.
  16. Kit according to claim 14 or 15, characterized in that the container comprises an amount of liquid swelling medium sufficient to treat the hydrophilic portion to provide a low friction surface to that part of the catheter.
    • · «
  17. 17. References 1-16. Kit according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that at least one of the catheter sections is coated with a lubricant.
  18. 18. Foldable catheter for emptying body fluid, comprising:
    - a flexible elongated tube having an internal cross-section and size for determining a first passage for discharging urine and having an end of insertion and an end of an emitter, and
    - a support element inserted into the first conduit having an outer cross-sectional shape and size substantially equal to the inner cross-sectional shape and size of the elongated tube to hold said tube against bending it during bending of the tube and which is so flexible that it can be combined screwed.
  19. 19? A set for the preparation of a catheter for emptying a human bladder, comprising at least two catheter sections forming a longitudinal longitudinal passage, and which sections are arranged in an overhang such that the first proximal end of said catheter sections is tubular surrounded by a protective element and further comprising a fitting for joining the first and second catheter sections, which joints to form a fluid-tight seal between the near end section of the first catheter section and the inner wall of the tubular protector in a cavity, which is tubular protective member removably attached to the joint and / or to the second catheter section, so that when the tubular member is removed, the proximal end portion of the first catheter section emerges, ready to be introduced into the human urethra sre.
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    Ρ 04 009 ί 9 • · · ·
  26. 26/30
    Kg. 26
    P040Ü919 ·
  27. 27/30
    Fig. 27
    Ti hitting q · «· ·· ·
  28. 28/30 ci oo
    CM b
    I
    Ph
  29. 29/30 • · · »
  30. 30/30
    Fig. 30
HU0400919A 2001-06-29 2002-06-28 A catheter device HU0400919A2 (en)

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DK200101041A DK200101041A (en) 2001-06-29 2001-06-29 Bendable catheter for draining bodily fluids has flexible elongated tube with inner cross-sectional shape and size defining first conduit for draining urine, and support to support the tube against collapsing during bending
US09/893,514 US20030004496A1 (en) 2001-06-29 2001-06-29 Urinary catheter divided into catheter sections and a catheter package
DKPA200101386 2001-09-24
DKPA200101870 2001-12-13
DKPA200101869 2001-12-13
US10/026,819 US7311698B2 (en) 2001-09-24 2001-12-27 Urinary catheter assembly allowing for non-contaminated insertion of the catheter into a urinary canal
DKPA200200569 2002-04-17
DKPA200200570 2002-04-17
DKPA200200895 2002-06-13
PCT/DK2002/000450 WO2003002179A2 (en) 2001-06-29 2002-06-28 A catheter device

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HU0400197A HU0400197A3 (en) 2001-06-29 2002-06-28 A bag for collection of bodily fluids
HU0400973A HU0400973A2 (en) 2001-06-29 2002-06-28 A catheter assembly
HU0401276A HU227350B1 (en) 2001-06-29 2002-06-28 A method of producing a catheter and a catheter
HU0400364A HU0400364A3 (en) 2001-06-29 2002-06-28 A catheter assembly valve system

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HU0401276A HU227350B1 (en) 2001-06-29 2002-06-28 A method of producing a catheter and a catheter
HU0400364A HU0400364A3 (en) 2001-06-29 2002-06-28 A catheter assembly valve system

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