GB837866A - Improvements in and relating to electrolysers - Google Patents

Improvements in and relating to electrolysers

Info

Publication number
GB837866A
GB837866A GB9900/56A GB990056A GB837866A GB 837866 A GB837866 A GB 837866A GB 9900/56 A GB9900/56 A GB 9900/56A GB 990056 A GB990056 A GB 990056A GB 837866 A GB837866 A GB 837866A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
rings
cells
manifold
perforated electrodes
compartments
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB9900/56A
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Lonza Electric and Chemical Works Ltd
Original Assignee
Lonza Electric and Chemical Works Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CH837866X priority Critical
Application filed by Lonza Electric and Chemical Works Ltd filed Critical Lonza Electric and Chemical Works Ltd
Publication of GB837866A publication Critical patent/GB837866A/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B9/00Cells or assemblies of cells; Constructional parts of cells; Assemblies of constructional parts, e.g. electrode-diaphragm assemblies; Process-related cell features
    • C25B9/70Assemblies comprising two or more cells
    • C25B9/73Assemblies comprising two or more cells of the filter-press type
    • C25B9/77Assemblies comprising two or more cells of the filter-press type having diaphragms

Abstract

837,866. Pressure electrolysers. LONZA ELECTRIC & CHEMICAL WORKS Ltd. March 29, 1956 [April 1, 1955 (6); July 7, 1955; Jan. 14, 1956], No. 9900/56. Class 41. An electrolyser of filter press form, Figs. 1 and 4, suitable for operating at not less than 5 atmospheres gas pressure, has the electrolyte space Z of each cell divided into two electrode compartments A and K by diaphragms 48 peripherally bounded by two steel rings (41, 42) enclosing an electrically insulating packing ring 47 (e.g. of asbestos board) each cell being separated from adjacent cells by metallic partitions 45, 46 in the form of sheet metal discs each with a smooth rim R tightly sealed to the corresponding steel ring and having a central area whereon a plurality of studs (45a and 45b, 46a and 46b) are pressed out alternately on either side, the heads thereof making contact with perforated electrodes (50a, 49, 50, 49b) adjacent on either side of, and separated by, said diaphragms. The sheet metal discs 45 and 46 may be set in grooves 51 and 52 in the steel rings. Slots 53 in the steel rings tightly engage the insulating packing ring 47 and the edges of the diaphragms and perforated electrodes are gripped by the steel rings, the inner edge of the insulating packing rings 47 protruding between the diaphragm and the perforated electrodes. As shown in Fig. 6, the gas-collecting manifolds 24 and 25 (not shown) comprise sleeves 54 and 54a of halogen substituted polyethylene (preferably mixed with asbestos) passing through openings in the partitions 45 and 46 and attached thereto by screwed-on rings 55 and 55a, corresponding holes being punched in the diaphragm and the perforated electrodes. The manifold 24 is connected by cross passages 56 and 56a to the anode compartments A and the manifold 25 similarly to the cathode compartments. A manifold 36 of the same construction but connected to both compartments is provided for returning electrolyte to the cells. Active coatings of platinum black or palladium may be applied to the perforated electrodes and the packing insulating rings may comprise a pliable core material covered with a sheath of polyfluoroethylene as described in Specifications 837,864 and 837,865. As shown in Fig. 1, several hundred of the cells 1 having the form of circular discs are combined in a stack clamped between heavy end-plates 2 and 3 being clamped by six tie rods of which 4, 8, 9 are shown in Fig. 1; these tie rods have a groove along their inner axis in which are inserted porcelain bobbins bearing against the cells. The one pole of the current source U is connected to plates 2 and 3 and the other through conductor 11 to the central plate 12 of the assembly. The stack of cells is divided into sub-assemblies I, II, III, IV, each enclosed within auxiliary end plates, e.g. 13 and 14, and joined by tie-rods, e.g. 15 and 17. Gas separator drums 20 and 21 (not shown) are connected by elastic tube bends 22 and 22a and 23 and 23a (not shown) to manifolds 24 and 25 (not shown). Liquid electrolyte carried to the separator drums along with effluent gases is separated from the gases and led back through pipe 31, filter 34 and branch pipes 31a and 31b (which engage either end of the stack) and manifold 36. The circuit is controlled by flow meter 33 and pump 35 so that the entire electrolyte volume circulates once in not more than 2 hours. Also present in this circuit are non-return valves 32, 37 and 38 and 32a (not shown). The drums 20 and 21 intercommunicate by U-tubes 26 and are connected to float-controlled blow-off valves 29 and 30 (not shown) through scrubbers 27 and 28 (not shown). Specifications 680,186 and 681,895 also are referred to.
GB9900/56A 1955-04-01 1956-03-29 Improvements in and relating to electrolysers Expired GB837866A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CH837866X 1955-04-01

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB837866A true GB837866A (en) 1960-06-15

Family

ID=4540898

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB9900/56A Expired GB837866A (en) 1955-04-01 1956-03-29 Improvements in and relating to electrolysers

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US2881123A (en)
BE (1) BE546593A (en)
DE (1) DE1006401B (en)
FR (1) FR1151507A (en)
GB (1) GB837866A (en)

Families Citing this family (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3312614A (en) * 1967-04-04 Diaphragm electrolysis cell
US3239442A (en) * 1957-10-03 1966-03-08 Ionics Method for electrodialysis of solutions and apparatus therefor
US3392058A (en) * 1963-08-27 1968-07-09 Gen Electric Heat transfer arrangement within a fuel cell structure
FR2460342B1 (en) * 1979-07-05 1981-07-03 Creusot Loire
GB2081743B (en) * 1980-07-31 1984-06-27 Spirig Ernst Cooling electrolysis apparatus generating gases
FR2556981B1 (en) * 1983-12-23 1988-10-14 Creusot Loire Degassing device for electrolysis installation for gas production, particularly for water electrolysis installation
JPH0572069B2 (en) * 1984-03-23 1993-10-08 Hitachi Ltd
US4892636A (en) * 1988-06-17 1990-01-09 Olin Corporation Modular electrolytic cell and processing apparatus
DE3829901C2 (en) * 1988-09-02 1991-09-05 Linde Ag, 6200 Wiesbaden, De
US5006215A (en) * 1989-07-27 1991-04-09 The Dow Company Squeezer apparatus
CN1019590B (en) * 1990-09-03 1992-12-23 张学明 High-efficient electrolytic apparatus for producing hydrogen and oxygen
DE4418999C2 (en) * 1994-05-31 1996-04-11 Von Hoerner System Gmbh Pressure electrolyser with an encapsulated cell block made up of individual electrolysis cells
DK178317B1 (en) 2014-09-05 2015-11-30 Greenhydrogen Dk Aps Electrolyser Stack Divided into Sub-stacks

Family Cites Families (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1094728A (en) * 1913-05-09 1914-04-28 Internat Oxygen Company Electrolytic apparatus.
US1211687A (en) * 1913-10-20 1917-01-09 Arthur Dohmen Apparatus for the electrolytic decomposition of water.
US1272397A (en) * 1914-12-01 1918-07-16 Albert F Krause Apparatus for effecting electrolysis.
US1239530A (en) * 1916-04-17 1917-09-11 Harry T Shriver Electrolytic apparatus.
US2070612A (en) * 1932-03-19 1937-02-16 Niederreither Hans Method of producing, storing, and distributing electrical energy by operating gas batteries, particularly oxy-hydrogen gas batteries and electrolyzers
US2075688A (en) * 1935-01-10 1937-03-30 Bamag Meguin Ag Electrolytic apparatus
FR892885A (en) * 1943-03-26 1944-05-23 Entpr Rene & Jean Moritz Improvements in the construction of electrolyser electrodes for the production of oxygen and hydrogen by electrolysis of water
BE499654A (en) * 1949-11-30
CH286097A (en) * 1950-08-12 1952-10-15 Lonza Ag Pressure electrolyzer of the filter press type.
US2767135A (en) * 1951-01-23 1956-10-16 Ionics Electrolytic transfer of salts

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR1151507A (en) 1958-01-31
BE546593A (en)
US2881123A (en) 1959-04-07
DE1006401B (en) 1957-04-18

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