GB816673A - Non-woven fabric and method of producing same - Google Patents

Non-woven fabric and method of producing same

Info

Publication number
GB816673A
GB816673A GB1743455A GB1743455A GB816673A GB 816673 A GB816673 A GB 816673A GB 1743455 A GB1743455 A GB 1743455A GB 1743455 A GB1743455 A GB 1743455A GB 816673 A GB816673 A GB 816673A
Authority
GB
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
fibres
fabric
fibre
web
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB1743455A
Original Assignee
Hector Wallace Griswold
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/70Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres characterised by the method of forming fleeces or layers, e.g. reorientation of fibres
    • D04H1/74Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres characterised by the method of forming fleeces or layers, e.g. reorientation of fibres the fibres being orientated, e.g. in parallel (anisotropic fleeces)
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/70Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres characterised by the method of forming fleeces or layers, e.g. reorientation of fibres
    • D04H1/72Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres characterised by the method of forming fleeces or layers, e.g. reorientation of fibres the fibres being randomly arranged
    • D04H1/736Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres characterised by the method of forming fleeces or layers, e.g. reorientation of fibres the fibres being randomly arranged characterised by the apparatus for arranging fibres

Abstract

816,673. Paper; bonded fibre fabrics. GRISWOLD, H. W. June 16, 1955 [June 16, 1954; April 26, 1955], No. 17434/55. Classes 96 and 140. [Also in Group IX] A bonded-fibre fabric comprises a fibrous web in which the fibres have been rearranged into areas of relatively great fibre density formed by bundles of fibre segments bordering randomly-disposed areas of relatively small fibre density, the rearranged fibres being in mechanical engagement with one another in substantially unstressed positions and in mechanical equilibrium. Preferably the fabric is net-like or lace-like and composed of fibre bundles 23 of yarn-like appearance, in which the fibre segments 24 are substantially parallel, bordering areas 29 of almost zero fibre density and most of the individual fibres such as 28a, 28b, 28c, are common to more than one yarn-like bundle. Such a fabric is suitable for use in surgical dressings, as coverings for sanitary napkins and diapers, as a gauze substitute, and as wiping cloths, towelling, filter materials, lining materials, or industrial base fabrics. Alternatively, a flexible chamois-like material may be produced from a water-laid web containing 10 per cent by weight of binder. The fibres in the webs from which the fabric is formed may be disposed at random as by air- or waterlaying or may be given a definite direction of lay by carding, and several webs may be superimposed and impregnated with binder prior to working up into the fabric. Further adhesive may be applied by printing to strengthen the fabric. Suitable fibres are cotton, wood, wool, jute, ramie, abaca, viscose rayon, cuprammonium rayon, cellulose acetate, nylon, and vinyl chloride-acrylonitrile copolymer, preferably in lengths of “ inch to 2 inches although shorter fibres may be used. Suitable bonding agents are beaten wood pulp, caroa, and ramie, karaya and locust bean gums, gum arabic, starch, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl acetate, carboxymethylcellulose, solvent - softenable binders such as polyvinyl chloride and polyvinyl butyral, and the thermosetting binders such as urea- or melamine-formaldehyde used before they are set. Preferably, the binder is softened either with water or solvent as required and sufficient water is added-50 to 250 per cent by weight of the dry web-so that surface tension tends to draw fibres together. The fabric may be produced by taking such a wetted web and manually bunching it, rolling it in the hands, and opening it one or more times. Alternatively, the bunched web may be placed in a closed can having holes to allow escape of excess water and the can shaken vigorously by hand or mechanical means. In another arrangement the wetted fibrous web may be clamped in a deformable rectangular frame, if desired between facing sheets of rubber or gauze, and the frame deformed to apply biasing stresses to the web to cause rearrangement of the fibres. For a continuous process, wetted webs may be fed by resilient belts, e.g. of sponge rubber, through one or more sets of groups of rollers arranged to oscillate both axially and/or circumferentially as in a felting machine. Reference is made to rearranging the fibres by use of the force of flowing water or other fluids.
GB1743455A 1954-06-16 1955-06-16 Non-woven fabric and method of producing same Expired GB816673A (en)

Priority Applications (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US836396X true 1954-06-16 1954-06-16
US3081515A US3081515A (en) 1954-06-16 1955-04-26 Foraminous nonwoven fabric
US3081514A US3081514A (en) 1954-06-16 1955-04-26 Foraminous nonwoven fabric
US3081500A US3081500A (en) 1954-06-16 1956-07-27 Method and apparatus for producing apertured nonwoven fabric
US3081512A US3081512A (en) 1954-06-16 1956-07-27 Method of producing apertured nonwoven fabric

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB816673A true true GB816673A (en) 1959-07-15

Family

ID=27536337

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB1743455A Expired GB816673A (en) 1954-06-16 1955-06-16 Non-woven fabric and method of producing same

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US3081512A (en)
GB (1) GB816673A (en)

Families Citing this family (50)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1560701C3 (en) * 1961-03-02 1973-11-15 Johnson & Johnson, New Brunswick, N.J. (V.St.A.)
US3284857A (en) * 1961-03-02 1966-11-15 Johnson & Johnson Apparatus for producing apertured non-woven fabrics
US3255496A (en) * 1963-11-01 1966-06-14 Johnson & Johnson Methods of producing perforated nonwoven fabric
US4252516A (en) * 1979-08-23 1981-02-24 Ethyl Corporation Apparatus for producing perforated film
US5804036A (en) * 1987-07-10 1998-09-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Paper structures having at least three regions including decorative indicia comprising low basis weight regions
US5820730A (en) * 1991-06-28 1998-10-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Paper structures having at least three regions including decorative indicia comprising low basis weight regions
US6136146A (en) * 1991-06-28 2000-10-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Non-through air dried paper web having different basis weights and densities
US5277761A (en) * 1991-06-28 1994-01-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Cellulosic fibrous structures having at least three regions distinguished by intensive properties
US5245025A (en) * 1991-06-28 1993-09-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for making cellulosic fibrous structures by selectively obturated drainage and cellulosic fibrous structures produced thereby
DK0652994T3 (en) * 1992-07-29 1998-10-07 Procter & Gamble The cellulosic fibrous structures in which there are discrete regions with radially oriented fibers, apparatus therefor, and method for
DE69210403T3 (en) * 1992-11-17 2000-08-03 Pantex Srl Method and apparatus for manufacturing a membrane or a film for coating of sanitary napkins or Leinentückern or in filter systems, or the like
CA2203795C (en) * 1994-11-02 2001-12-11 Paul Dennis Trokhan Method of producing nonwoven fabrics
US6039839A (en) 1998-02-03 2000-03-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for making paper structures having a decorative pattern
US6808791B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2004-10-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Applications for laminate web
US6863960B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2005-03-08 The Procter & Gamble Company User-activatible substance delivery system
CA2392695C (en) * 1999-12-21 2007-09-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Laminate web comprising an apertured layer and method for manufacture thereof
US6878433B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2005-04-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Applications for laminate web
US6730622B2 (en) * 1999-12-21 2004-05-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Electrical cable
US6884494B1 (en) 1999-12-21 2005-04-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Laminate web
US6830800B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2004-12-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Elastic laminate web
US20020022426A1 (en) * 1999-12-21 2002-02-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Applications for elastic laminate web
US7423003B2 (en) 2000-08-18 2008-09-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Fold-resistant cleaning sheet
US6736916B2 (en) 2000-12-20 2004-05-18 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Hydraulically arranged nonwoven webs and method of making same
US6986932B2 (en) * 2001-07-30 2006-01-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Multi-layer wiping device
US7732657B2 (en) * 2002-12-20 2010-06-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with lotion-containing topsheet
US8704036B2 (en) 2002-12-18 2014-04-22 The Procter And Gamble Company Sanitary napkin for clean body benefit
US8030535B2 (en) * 2002-12-18 2011-10-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Sanitary napkin for clean body benefit
EP1573108A1 (en) * 2002-12-20 2005-09-14 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Tufted laminate web
US7270861B2 (en) * 2002-12-20 2007-09-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Laminated structurally elastic-like film web substrate
US7553532B2 (en) * 2002-12-20 2009-06-30 The Procter & Gamble Company Tufted fibrous web
US7648752B2 (en) 2002-12-20 2010-01-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Inverse textured web
US7507459B2 (en) * 2002-12-20 2009-03-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Compression resistant nonwovens
US7682686B2 (en) * 2002-12-20 2010-03-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Tufted fibrous web
US7910195B2 (en) * 2003-12-16 2011-03-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with lotion-containing topsheet
US7838099B2 (en) 2002-12-20 2010-11-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Looped nonwoven web
US8241543B2 (en) 2003-08-07 2012-08-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for making an apertured web
JP4813358B2 (en) * 2003-08-07 2011-11-09 ザ プロクター アンド ギャンブル カンパニー Film having an opening
WO2006137413A1 (en) * 2005-06-20 2006-12-28 Keiko Sato Lace-like felt and process for producing the same
US8502013B2 (en) 2007-03-05 2013-08-06 The Procter And Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article
US20080221539A1 (en) * 2007-03-05 2008-09-11 Jean Jianqun Zhao Absorbent core for disposable absorbent article
US7935207B2 (en) * 2007-03-05 2011-05-03 Procter And Gamble Company Absorbent core for disposable absorbent article
US8158043B2 (en) 2009-02-06 2012-04-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for making an apertured web
US8153226B2 (en) 2009-03-31 2012-04-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Capped tufted laminate web
US8708687B2 (en) 2011-04-26 2014-04-29 The Procter & Gamble Company Apparatus for making a micro-textured web
US9925731B2 (en) 2011-04-26 2018-03-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Corrugated and apertured web
US9242406B2 (en) 2011-04-26 2016-01-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Apparatus and process for aperturing and stretching a web
US9724245B2 (en) 2011-04-26 2017-08-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Formed web comprising chads
US9044353B2 (en) 2011-04-26 2015-06-02 The Procter & Gamble Company Process for making a micro-textured web
US8657596B2 (en) 2011-04-26 2014-02-25 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for deforming a web
US9844476B2 (en) 2014-03-18 2017-12-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Sanitary napkin for clean body benefit

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US720857A (en) * 1901-01-21 1903-02-17 Laineau Mfg Co Process of making wool fabrics.
US728804A (en) * 1901-04-26 1903-05-19 Gustaf Samuel Lindberg Method of manufacturing perforated sheets of wood-pulp.
US795719A (en) * 1903-12-14 1905-07-25 Frederick J Motz Art of making perforated paper.
US995602A (en) * 1909-09-25 1911-06-20 Knowlton Brothers Paper-making.
US1453575A (en) * 1918-04-27 1923-05-01 Scott Paper Co Absorbent-cotton substitute for medical bandages
US1447708A (en) * 1920-05-17 1923-03-06 James H Caffrey Fibrous wall board and process for producing the same
US1882599A (en) * 1931-04-28 1932-10-11 Hat Corp Apertured hat and method of making the same
US1978620A (en) * 1931-04-30 1934-10-30 Naugatuck Chem Co Sheet material and method of making the same
US1989435A (en) * 1933-03-28 1935-01-29 Wallquist Ivar Method and device in the manufacture of paper
GB422226A (en) * 1933-08-14 1935-01-08 Raccolta A G Improvements relating to the production of laps, fleeces or the like of fibrous material and pads or the like made therefrom
GB468106A (en) * 1936-08-07 1937-06-29 Paper Patents Co A new felted fibrous cellulosic sheet product
US2093709A (en) * 1936-12-16 1937-09-21 Casse Marcel Fulling machine of the roller type
US2302020A (en) * 1937-05-19 1942-11-17 Celotex Corp Decorative tile
US2506855A (en) * 1944-04-14 1950-05-09 Casse Marcel Roller felting machine
US2441390A (en) * 1945-01-24 1948-05-11 American Felt Co Method of felting
US2508968A (en) * 1945-10-26 1950-05-23 R R Whitehead & Brothers Ltd Manufacture of felted material
US2771363A (en) * 1949-03-03 1956-11-20 Paterson Parchment Paper Compa Paper web with a simulated woven texture
US2722868A (en) * 1950-10-03 1955-11-08 Norman P Harshberger Apparatus for manufacturing a composition material
CA526513A (en) * 1952-04-07 1956-06-19 Chicopee Manufacturing Corporation Fabric and method of producing same

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US3081512A (en) 1963-03-19 grant

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