GB779698A - Lubricant - Google Patents

Lubricant

Info

Publication number
GB779698A
GB779698A GB31292/52A GB3129252A GB779698A GB 779698 A GB779698 A GB 779698A GB 31292/52 A GB31292/52 A GB 31292/52A GB 3129252 A GB3129252 A GB 3129252A GB 779698 A GB779698 A GB 779698A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
phenol
alcohols
butyl
referred
sulphur
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB31292/52A
Inventor
Ronald William Morton
Edwin Mathieson Dodds
John Lincoln Heaton
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Co
Original Assignee
Exxon Research and Engineering Co
Esso Research and Engineering Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Exxon Research and Engineering Co, Esso Research and Engineering Co filed Critical Exxon Research and Engineering Co
Priority to GB31292/52A priority Critical patent/GB779698A/en
Publication of GB779698A publication Critical patent/GB779698A/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

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    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M111/00Lubrication compositions characterised by the base-material being a mixture of two or more compounds covered by more than one of the main groups C10M101/00 - C10M109/00, each of these compounds being essential
    • C10M111/02Lubrication compositions characterised by the base-material being a mixture of two or more compounds covered by more than one of the main groups C10M101/00 - C10M109/00, each of these compounds being essential at least one of them being a non-macromolecular organic compound
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    • C10M101/00Lubricating compositions characterised by the base-material being a mineral or fatty oil
    • C10M101/02Petroleum fractions
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    • C10M101/00Lubricating compositions characterised by the base-material being a mineral or fatty oil
    • C10M101/04Fatty oil fractions
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    • C10M105/00Lubricating compositions characterised by the base-material being a non-macromolecular organic compound
    • C10M105/08Lubricating compositions characterised by the base-material being a non-macromolecular organic compound containing oxygen
    • C10M105/32Esters
    • C10M105/34Esters of monocarboxylic acids
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    • C10M105/00Lubricating compositions characterised by the base-material being a non-macromolecular organic compound
    • C10M105/08Lubricating compositions characterised by the base-material being a non-macromolecular organic compound containing oxygen
    • C10M105/32Esters
    • C10M105/36Esters of polycarboxylic acids
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    • C10M169/00Lubricating compositions characterised by containing as components a mixture of at least two types of ingredient selected from base-materials, thickeners or additives, covered by the preceding groups, each of these compounds being essential
    • C10M169/04Mixtures of base-materials and additives
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    • C10M2203/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds and hydrocarbon fractions as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2203/10Petroleum or coal fractions, e.g. tars, solvents, bitumen
    • C10M2203/1006Petroleum or coal fractions, e.g. tars, solvents, bitumen used as base material
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    • C10M2203/10Petroleum or coal fractions, e.g. tars, solvents, bitumen
    • C10M2203/102Aliphatic fractions
    • C10M2203/1025Aliphatic fractions used as base material
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    • C10M2203/10Petroleum or coal fractions, e.g. tars, solvents, bitumen
    • C10M2203/104Aromatic fractions
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    • C10M2203/10Petroleum or coal fractions, e.g. tars, solvents, bitumen
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    • C10M2207/023Hydroxy compounds having hydroxy groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
    • C10M2207/025Hydroxy compounds having hydroxy groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings with condensed rings
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Abstract

A lubricant composition comprises a blend of castor oil and a liquid carboxylic mono or diester which has a viscosity lower than that of castor oil and has no ether, sulphide, unesterified hydroxyl or unesterified carboxyl group. The esters are formed from alcohols and mono or dicarboxylic acids or from monocarboxylic acids and glycols. Alcohols referred to are those containing 3-16 carbon atoms, e.g. aliphatic alcohols such as isopropanol, lauryl alcohols and oxo alcohols; and glycols having up to 20 carbon atoms e.g. branched chain alkylene glycols. Acids specified are fatty acids e.g. those having 8-22 carbon atoms and the ao polymethylene dicarboxylic acids, e.g. adipic and sebacic acid. Diesters mentioned are isopropyl oleate, di - 2 - ethyl hexyl sebacate or adipate and dinonyl sebacate or adipate. The proportion of castor oil to ester may be between 95:5 and 5:95. Mineral oil, for example up to 50 per cent of the composition, may be added. Antioxidants may be added to the compositions; those referred to are phenols, aromatic nitro compounds, aromatic amines, aliphatic primary amines, organic sulphur compounds containing phosphorus and sulphur. Phenols referred to are 2, 4, 6 - tri - t - butyl phenol, 2, 4 - methyl - 6 - t - butyl phenol, 2, 6 - di - t - butyl p - cresol, 2 - t - butyl - 4 - methoxy phenol, 3 - t - butyl - 4 - methoxy phenol, di - 2 - (4 - methyl, 6 - t - butyl phenol) methane, a - naphthol, b -naphthol, 1 - 2 - [di- -4 - (2, 6 - di - t - butyl phenol)] propane, catechol, homocatechol, hydroquinone, n - dodecyl gallate, o - hydroxy diphenyl, rufigallol and euganol. Aromatic nitro compounds mentioned are 2, 4, 6 - trinitrophenol, onitrophenol, m - dinitrobenzene and 1, 5 - dinitronaphthalene. Aromatic amines referred to are N - lauroyl p - aminophenol, N - stearyl p - aminophenol, ophenylene diamine, b - naphthylamine, phenyl - b - naphthlyamine, phenyl a-naphthylamine, N - amyl p - toluidine, diethyl - a - naphthylamine, p - aminophenol, p - amino dimethylaniline, aniline and p - (di - iso - propyl) - o - methylamine phenol. Organic sulphur compounds specified are thiodiphenylamine, dithio oxamide, mercaptobenzthiazole, diphenyl thiazine, diphenyl thiophene, dibutyl thiophene, p - thiocresol and (5 methyl-2-hydroxy phenol) sulphide. Phosphorus and sulphur containing compounds mentioned are those obtained by reacting phosphorus and sulphur either elementally or as chemical compounds with organic materials such as terpenes, e.g. a - pinene and dipentene; natural oils waxes and fats, e.g. mineral oil, sperm, lard, coconut, linseed, rapeseed and cottonseed oils, spermaceti, carnauba and candelilla wax, lanoline, lecithin and the sulphurized or chlorinated derivatives of such oils, waxes and fats; paraffins, olefins, olefin polymers, diolefins, acetylene, aromatics, alkyl aromatics, cycloaliphatics, petroleum fractions such as naphthas, heating oils or condensation products of petroleum fractions and solvent extracts of petroleum fractions. Less than 5 per cent of the antioxidant may be added. Specification 461,715 is referred to. The Provisional Specification refers also to esters formed from ether alcohols or polyoxyalkylene glycols.
GB31292/52A 1952-12-10 1952-12-10 Lubricant Expired GB779698A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB31292/52A GB779698A (en) 1952-12-10 1952-12-10 Lubricant

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB31292/52A GB779698A (en) 1952-12-10 1952-12-10 Lubricant
FR1092703D FR1092703A (en) 1952-12-10 1953-12-10 Lubricating composition
DEST7459A DE944748C (en) 1952-12-10 1953-12-10 lubricant

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GB779698A true GB779698A (en) 1957-07-24

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GB (1) GB779698A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2388227A1 (en) * 1977-04-22 1978-11-17 Westinghouse Electric Corp CENTRIFUGAL REFRIGERATING COMPRESSOR SYSTEMS

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
BE526014A (en) * 1953-01-28
DE102007001189A1 (en) * 2007-01-05 2008-07-10 Wet-Protect-Gmbh Moisture-protection and anti-corrosion composition, e.g. for engines, jet skis and electrical parts, contains means of reducing the density and surface tension of water, plus glycol or glycol ether, wax and stabilisers
DE102007001190A1 (en) * 2007-01-05 2008-07-10 Wet-Protect-Gmbh Anti-moisture and corrosion inhibiting protective composition, e.g. for metal parts, comprises water density and surface tension reducing agents and surface distribution and treatment agents

Family Cites Families (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2494592A (en) * 1945-05-19 1950-01-17 Standard Oil Dev Co Process of treating synthetic polymers with phosphorus and sulfur and products obtained thereby
NL63961C (en) * 1946-01-23
BE477120A (en) * 1946-11-08
US2629693A (en) * 1947-07-01 1953-02-24 Shell Dev Lubricating composition
NL142969B (en) * 1947-10-28 Monsanto Co PROCESS FOR PREPARING A MIXTURE CONTAINING POLYVINYL CHLORIDE AND / OR ONE OR MORE VINYL CHLORIDE VINYL ACETATE COPOLYMERS AND A PHTHALATE PROCESSING AGENT.
US2550406A (en) * 1948-08-31 1951-04-24 Standard Oil Dev Co Extreme pressure lubricants
US2594279A (en) * 1949-02-17 1952-04-29 Sinclair Refining Co Mineral oil compositions
US2595170A (en) * 1949-11-14 1952-04-29 Standard Oil Dev Co Stabilized mineral oil
DE843852C (en) * 1950-08-06 1952-07-14 Basf Ag Process for the preparation of sulfur and phosphorus containing lubricating oil improvers

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2388227A1 (en) * 1977-04-22 1978-11-17 Westinghouse Electric Corp CENTRIFUGAL REFRIGERATING COMPRESSOR SYSTEMS

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DE944748C (en) 1956-06-21
FR1092703A (en) 1955-04-26

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