GB766187A - Improvements in detachable cylinder head constructions for liquid-cooled internal combustion engines - Google Patents

Improvements in detachable cylinder head constructions for liquid-cooled internal combustion engines

Info

Publication number
GB766187A
GB766187A GB32905/53A GB3290553A GB766187A GB 766187 A GB766187 A GB 766187A GB 32905/53 A GB32905/53 A GB 32905/53A GB 3290553 A GB3290553 A GB 3290553A GB 766187 A GB766187 A GB 766187A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
cylinder
walls
head
buttress
combustion
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB32905/53A
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ricardo PLC
Original Assignee
Ricardo and Co Engineers 1927 Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ricardo and Co Engineers 1927 Ltd filed Critical Ricardo and Co Engineers 1927 Ltd
Priority to GB32905/53A priority Critical patent/GB766187A/en
Publication of GB766187A publication Critical patent/GB766187A/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02FCYLINDERS, PISTONS OR CASINGS, FOR COMBUSTION ENGINES; ARRANGEMENTS OF SEALINGS IN COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02F1/00Cylinders; Cylinder heads 
    • F02F1/24Cylinder heads
    • F02F1/26Cylinder heads having cooling means
    • F02F1/36Cylinder heads having cooling means for liquid cooling
    • F02F1/365Cylinder heads having cooling means for liquid cooling the cylinder heads being of side valve type
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02FCYLINDERS, PISTONS OR CASINGS, FOR COMBUSTION ENGINES; ARRANGEMENTS OF SEALINGS IN COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02F1/00Cylinders; Cylinder heads 
    • F02F1/24Cylinder heads
    • F02F1/26Cylinder heads having cooling means
    • F02F1/36Cylinder heads having cooling means for liquid cooling
    • F02F1/38Cylinder heads having cooling means for liquid cooling the cylinder heads being of overhead valve type
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02FCYLINDERS, PISTONS OR CASINGS, FOR COMBUSTION ENGINES; ARRANGEMENTS OF SEALINGS IN COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02F1/00Cylinders; Cylinder heads 
    • F02F1/24Cylinder heads
    • F02F1/26Cylinder heads having cooling means
    • F02F1/36Cylinder heads having cooling means for liquid cooling
    • F02F1/40Cylinder heads having cooling means for liquid cooling cylinder heads with means for directing, guiding, or distributing liquid stream 
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02FCYLINDERS, PISTONS OR CASINGS, FOR COMBUSTION ENGINES; ARRANGEMENTS OF SEALINGS IN COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02F1/00Cylinders; Cylinder heads 
    • F02F1/24Cylinder heads
    • F02F1/42Shape or arrangement of intake or exhaust channels in cylinder heads
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02FCYLINDERS, PISTONS OR CASINGS, FOR COMBUSTION ENGINES; ARRANGEMENTS OF SEALINGS IN COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02F1/00Cylinders; Cylinder heads 
    • F02F1/24Cylinder heads
    • F02F1/42Shape or arrangement of intake or exhaust channels in cylinder heads
    • F02F1/4214Shape or arrangement of intake or exhaust channels in cylinder heads specially adapted for four or more valves per cylinder
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B1/00Engines characterised by fuel-air mixture compression
    • F02B1/02Engines characterised by fuel-air mixture compression with positive ignition
    • F02B1/04Engines characterised by fuel-air mixture compression with positive ignition with fuel-air mixture admission into cylinder
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B2275/00Other engines, components or details, not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • F02B2275/16Indirect injection
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B2275/00Other engines, components or details, not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • F02B2275/22Side valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B2275/00Other engines, components or details, not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • F02B2275/34Lateral camshaft position
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B3/00Engines characterised by air compression and subsequent fuel addition
    • F02B3/06Engines characterised by air compression and subsequent fuel addition with compression ignition
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02FCYLINDERS, PISTONS OR CASINGS, FOR COMBUSTION ENGINES; ARRANGEMENTS OF SEALINGS IN COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02F1/00Cylinders; Cylinder heads 
    • F02F1/24Cylinder heads
    • F02F2001/244Arrangement of valve stems in cylinder heads
    • F02F2001/245Arrangement of valve stems in cylinder heads the valve stems being orientated at an angle with the cylinder axis
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02FCYLINDERS, PISTONS OR CASINGS, FOR COMBUSTION ENGINES; ARRANGEMENTS OF SEALINGS IN COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02F1/00Cylinders; Cylinder heads 
    • F02F1/24Cylinder heads
    • F02F2001/244Arrangement of valve stems in cylinder heads
    • F02F2001/247Arrangement of valve stems in cylinder heads the valve stems being orientated in parallel with the cylinder axis
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02FCYLINDERS, PISTONS OR CASINGS, FOR COMBUSTION ENGINES; ARRANGEMENTS OF SEALINGS IN COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02F1/00Cylinders; Cylinder heads 
    • F02F1/24Cylinder heads
    • F02F2001/248Methods for avoiding thermal stress-induced cracks in the zone between valve seat openings
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/12Improving ICE efficiencies

Abstract

766,187. Cylinder cooling and construction; combustion chambers. RICARDO & CO. ENGINEERS (1927), Ltd. Nov. 3, 1954 [Nov. 26, 1953], No. 32905/53. Classes 7 (2) and 7 (3). Upper and lower faces N<SP>1</SP>, N of a watercooled cylinder head form with side walls N<SP>2</SP> a coolant chamber, there being integral with the face N a buttress wall (or walls) P lying closely around the (or each) cylinder combustion space as seen in plan view, allowing the ingress and egress of water to and from the space it surrounds and acted on by spaced holding-down nuts P<SP>2</SP> or the like. Water flows from a cylinder jacket M via ducts Q over liquid-injection combustion pockets N<SP>8</SP>, the outer walls O<SP>2</SP> of which act as part of the walls P, passing via bores O<SP>4</SP> around inlet and exhaust guides N' and over the walls P to exit ports N<SP>10</SP>. An additional duct Q<SP>1</SP> or ducts may communicate with the cylinder jacket M. The pockets N<SP>8</SP> have multiple-bore inserts O having limited contact therewith. In a modification, Fig. 7 (not shown), the buttress walls have a common section between adjacent cylinders of a side-valve spark-ignition engine block, and have supporting spurs above the cylinder bore, whilst the exit port is in the upper head face. In a further modification, Fig. 1 (not shown), the buttress wall of a single cylinder head interconnects the upper and lower head faces, water entering the head at the cylinder side remote from a liquid-injection combustion pocket, passing above the cylinder bore via an aperture in the lower part of the buttress wall and over lowered portions of the wall on either side of the combustion pocket to an exit duct in the side face of the head.
GB32905/53A 1953-11-26 1953-11-26 Improvements in detachable cylinder head constructions for liquid-cooled internal combustion engines Expired GB766187A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB32905/53A GB766187A (en) 1953-11-26 1953-11-26 Improvements in detachable cylinder head constructions for liquid-cooled internal combustion engines

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB32905/53A GB766187A (en) 1953-11-26 1953-11-26 Improvements in detachable cylinder head constructions for liquid-cooled internal combustion engines
US467571A US2788776A (en) 1953-11-26 1954-11-08 Detachable cylinder head constructions for liquid-cooled internal combustion engines
FR1116185D FR1116185A (en) 1953-11-26 1954-11-16 Enhancements to removable cylinder heads for liquid-cooled internal combustion engines
BE533709A BE533709A (en) 1953-11-26 1954-11-26 Enhancements to removable cylinder heads for liquid-cooled internal combustion engines

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB766187A true GB766187A (en) 1957-01-16

Family

ID=10345764

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB32905/53A Expired GB766187A (en) 1953-11-26 1953-11-26 Improvements in detachable cylinder head constructions for liquid-cooled internal combustion engines

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US2788776A (en)
BE (1) BE533709A (en)
FR (1) FR1116185A (en)
GB (1) GB766187A (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1062060B (en) * 1958-06-14 1959-07-23 Zbynek Hrncir Cylinder head for air-cooled engines with a combustion chamber provided in a body inserted into it
DE1214935B (en) * 1960-11-25 1966-04-21 Maschf Augsburg Nuernberg Ag One-piece cast cylinder head of high-speed, liquid-cooled high-performance diesel engines
DE1268431B (en) * 1961-05-15 1968-05-16 Ricardo & Co Engineers Fluid-cooled cylinder head for an internal combustion engine
US4009693A (en) * 1972-05-19 1977-03-01 Caterpillar Tractor Co. Air purging and cooling system for internal combustion engines
FR2464374A1 (en) * 1979-08-28 1981-03-06 List Hans INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH COOLING ENVELOPE
US6427642B1 (en) * 1999-09-09 2002-08-06 Dr. Ing. H.C.F. Porsche Ag Cylinder head for a water-cooled internal combustion engine
US6499444B1 (en) 1999-09-09 2002-12-31 Dr. Ing H.C.F. Porsche Ag Cylinder head for a water-cooled internal combustion engine
EP1736660A3 (en) * 2005-06-23 2007-12-12 MAN Nutzfahrzeuge AG Culasse pour un moteur à combustion interne

Families Citing this family (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1057825B (en) * 1956-11-27 1959-05-21 Sueddeutsche Bremsen A G Cylinder head for internal combustion engines
DE1476397A1 (en) * 1965-01-05 1969-05-29 Motoren Werke Mannheim Ag Water-cooled internal combustion engine
FR1436612A (en) * 1965-02-08 1966-04-29 Applic Tech Improvements to internal combustion engines of the thermally insulated chamber type
DE1258654B (en) * 1965-12-10 1968-01-11 Maybach Mercedes Benz Motorenb Fluid-cooled cylinder head for internal combustion engines
FR2389771B1 (en) * 1977-05-04 1982-02-19 Berliet Automobiles
DE3113308A1 (en) * 1981-04-02 1982-10-21 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag CYLINDER HEAD FOR AIR COMPRESSING, SELF-IGNITIONING INJECTION INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
DE3208341A1 (en) * 1982-03-09 1983-09-15 Kloeckner Humboldt Deutz Ag CYLINDER HEAD FOR A WATER-COOLED INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE
JPH0115879Y2 (en) * 1982-12-20 1989-05-11
FR2601076B1 (en) * 1986-07-04 1988-10-21 Peugeot Internal combustion engine cylinder head with three valves per cylinder and at high pressure in the cylinders.
DE19600448C1 (en) * 1996-01-09 1997-04-10 Daimler Benz Ag Liquid-cooled cylinder head for multicylinder engine
DE19644530C1 (en) * 1996-10-26 1998-02-12 Daimler Benz Ag Cylinder head for multi-cylinder IC engine
DE19713246C2 (en) * 1997-03-29 1999-01-21 Daimler Benz Ag Cylinder head of a multi-cylinder internal combustion engine
JP4199355B2 (en) * 1999-02-09 2008-12-17 ダイハツ工業株式会社 Cylinder head of internal combustion engine
US6343574B1 (en) * 1999-12-29 2002-02-05 Cummins Engine Company, Inc. Load distribution rib for the combustion deck of an internal combustion engine
CH713618A1 (en) * 2017-03-22 2018-09-28 Liebherr Machines Bulle Sa Liquid-cooled internal combustion engine.

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1107946A (en) * 1913-02-24 1914-08-18 Knut Jonas Elias Hesselman Cylinder-head for internal-combustion engines.
US1331420A (en) * 1917-02-23 1920-02-17 Aluminum Castings Company Internal-combustion engine
US1792867A (en) * 1930-04-07 1931-02-17 Caterpillar Tractor Co Cylinder head
US1998706A (en) * 1931-11-02 1935-04-23 Campbell Wyant & Cannon Co Internal combustion engine
US2318915A (en) * 1941-07-26 1943-05-11 American Locomotive Co Internal combustion engine

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1062060B (en) * 1958-06-14 1959-07-23 Zbynek Hrncir Cylinder head for air-cooled engines with a combustion chamber provided in a body inserted into it
DE1214935B (en) * 1960-11-25 1966-04-21 Maschf Augsburg Nuernberg Ag One-piece cast cylinder head of high-speed, liquid-cooled high-performance diesel engines
DE1268431B (en) * 1961-05-15 1968-05-16 Ricardo & Co Engineers Fluid-cooled cylinder head for an internal combustion engine
US4009693A (en) * 1972-05-19 1977-03-01 Caterpillar Tractor Co. Air purging and cooling system for internal combustion engines
FR2464374A1 (en) * 1979-08-28 1981-03-06 List Hans INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH COOLING ENVELOPE
US6427642B1 (en) * 1999-09-09 2002-08-06 Dr. Ing. H.C.F. Porsche Ag Cylinder head for a water-cooled internal combustion engine
US6499444B1 (en) 1999-09-09 2002-12-31 Dr. Ing H.C.F. Porsche Ag Cylinder head for a water-cooled internal combustion engine
EP1736660A3 (en) * 2005-06-23 2007-12-12 MAN Nutzfahrzeuge AG Culasse pour un moteur à combustion interne

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
BE533709A (en) 1954-12-15
US2788776A (en) 1957-04-16
FR1116185A (en) 1956-05-04

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