GB738538A - Detergent compositions - Google Patents

Detergent compositions

Info

Publication number
GB738538A
GB738538A GB2290053A GB2290053A GB738538A GB 738538 A GB738538 A GB 738538A GB 2290053 A GB2290053 A GB 2290053A GB 2290053 A GB2290053 A GB 2290053A GB 738538 A GB738538 A GB 738538A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
carbon atoms
specifications
r1
polyvalent metal
specified
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB2290053A
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GAF Chemicals Corp
Original Assignee
GAF Chemicals Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US309953A priority Critical patent/US2766212A/en
Application filed by GAF Chemicals Corp filed Critical GAF Chemicals Corp
Publication of GB738538A publication Critical patent/GB738538A/en
Application status is Expired legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/02Inorganic compounds ; Elemental compounds
    • C11D3/04Water-soluble compounds
    • C11D3/046Salts
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds
    • C11D1/12Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof
    • C11D1/29Sulfates of polyoxyalkylene ethers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S516/00Colloid systems and wetting agents; subcombinations thereof; processes of
    • Y10S516/01Wetting, emulsifying, dispersing, or stabilizing agents
    • Y10S516/02Organic and inorganic agents containing, except water

Abstract

Detergent compositions comprise (1) a water-soluble chloride, bromide, sulphate, nitrate or acetate of a polyvalent metal, and (2) a compound of the formula RO(CH2CH(R1)O)nSO3M, where R is a branched alkyl or an alkylaryl radical of at least 10 carbon atoms, R1 is hydrogen or methyl, n is 1-8 and M is a monovalent cation, e.g. sodium, potassium or ammonium or an alkylamine or hydroxyalkylamine. Specified salts of polyvalent metals are the chlorides, sulphates, nitrates, bromides and acetates of magnesium, calcium, aluminium and iron, and mixtures thereof. Suitable compounds of the formula above are obtained by condensing a branched-chain aliphatic alcohol of at least 10 carbon atoms, e.g. an alcohol obtained by the oxo process, or an alkylphenol having at least 4 carbon atoms in the alkyl group, with ethylene oxide or propylene oxide, and esterifying the product with sulphuric acid; a number of alcohols and phenols from which suitable products are obtainable are specified. The proportion of polyvalent metal salt may be 5-50 per cent, based on the weight of the sulphated alkylene oxide condensation product. Examples are given. Specifications 380,431, 380,851 and 719,445, and U.S.A. Specifications 2,167,326, 2,174,761 and 2,203,883 are referred to.
GB2290053A 1952-09-16 1953-08-19 Detergent compositions Expired GB738538A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US309953A US2766212A (en) 1952-09-16 1952-09-16 Detergents

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB738538A true GB738538A (en) 1955-10-12

Family

ID=23200373

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB2290053A Expired GB738538A (en) 1952-09-16 1953-08-19 Detergent compositions

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US2766212A (en)
BE (1) BE522826A (en)
DE (1) DE1013379B (en)
FR (1) FR1083752A (en)
GB (1) GB738538A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4592875A (en) * 1984-06-25 1986-06-03 Atlantic Richfield Company Alkoxylated ether sulfate anionic surfactants from plasticizer alcohol mixtures
US4594185A (en) * 1984-06-25 1986-06-10 Atlantic Richfield Company Alkoxylated plasticizer alcohol ether sulfate surfactants
US4608197A (en) * 1984-06-25 1986-08-26 Atlantic Richfield Company Alkoxylated ether sulfate anionic surfactants from branched chain plasticizer alcohols
US4732707A (en) * 1984-08-17 1988-03-22 Lever Brothers Company Detergent compositions containing special alkyl ether sulphate in combination with alkylbenzene sulphonate and/or dialkyl sulphosuccinate esters
US7781390B2 (en) 1996-11-26 2010-08-24 Shell Oil Company Highly branched primary alcohol compositions, and biodegradable detergents made therefrom

Families Citing this family (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2908651A (en) * 1954-05-07 1959-10-13 Colgate Palmolive Co Liquid detergent composition
US2956947A (en) * 1957-08-06 1960-10-18 Union Carbide Corp Fire extinguishing method
FR1204531A (en) * 1958-04-14 1960-01-26 Oreal anion-active detergents anhydrous aerosol
US2970963A (en) * 1958-04-23 1961-02-07 Procter & Gamble Opaque liquid detergent composition
US3229777A (en) * 1961-03-22 1966-01-18 Swift & Co Method of transporting water from a well as a substantially stable foam
US3186943A (en) * 1961-12-11 1965-06-01 Safety Dev Corp Foam method for atmosphere control
US3223186A (en) * 1962-05-23 1965-12-14 Pan American Corp Method of drilling with air or gas
US3320172A (en) * 1964-12-07 1967-05-16 Domtar Ltd Detergent composition
US3391750A (en) * 1965-08-09 1968-07-09 Union Carbide Corp Surfactant composition
US3422011A (en) * 1966-05-03 1969-01-14 Kidde & Co Walter Foam producing material
US3704262A (en) * 1970-03-19 1972-11-28 Gaf Corp Surfactant for electrolyte-containing processing solutions
US4174291A (en) * 1972-04-28 1979-11-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Crystallization seed-containing composition
JPS5116036B2 (en) * 1972-05-23 1976-05-21
US3898186A (en) * 1973-04-09 1975-08-05 Procter & Gamble Dishwashing compositions containing gel forming gelatin
JPS5347807B2 (en) * 1973-05-08 1978-12-23
US3910978A (en) * 1973-05-31 1975-10-07 Alcolac Inc Aqueous soluble mixed complex salts of aluminum aliphatic alcohol sulfates
JPS5412926B2 (en) * 1973-06-08 1979-05-26
US3997692A (en) * 1974-09-16 1976-12-14 Lever Brothers Company Process of coating calcium sulfate dihydrate detergent filler particles
US3954649A (en) * 1974-09-16 1976-05-04 Lever Brothers Company Detergent compositions containing coated particulate calcium sulfate dihydrate
US4054541A (en) * 1974-11-04 1977-10-18 Witco Chemical Corporation Spray dried alcohol ether sulfate detergent compositions
CA1052223A (en) * 1975-01-06 1979-04-10 David S. Lambert Detergent composition containing semi-polar nonionic detergent and alkaline earth metal anionic detergent
JPS5413242B2 (en) * 1975-03-20 1979-05-29
US4024078A (en) * 1975-03-31 1977-05-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid detergent composition
US3998750A (en) * 1975-06-30 1976-12-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid detergent composition
GB1553561A (en) * 1975-07-24 1979-09-26 Chem Y Alkylether sulphate detergent compositions containing them
US4166048A (en) * 1975-09-22 1979-08-28 Kao Soap Co., Ltd. High foaming detergent composition having low skin irritation properties
US4299739A (en) * 1976-03-25 1981-11-10 Lever Brothers Company Use of aluminum salts in laundry detergent formulations
US4125370A (en) * 1976-06-24 1978-11-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Laundry method imparting soil release properties to laundered fabrics
US4129515A (en) * 1976-09-13 1978-12-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Heavy-duty liquid detergent and process
US4524002A (en) * 1983-02-23 1985-06-18 Gaf Corporation Foaming agent
FR2573452B1 (en) * 1984-11-21 1987-03-06 Atochem Process for bleaching domestic linen in a washing cycle menager
US5096622A (en) * 1988-12-05 1992-03-17 Colgate-Palmolive Company Liquid detergent composition containing alkylbenzene sulfonate, alkyl ethonal ether sulfate, alkanolamide foam booster and magnesium and triethanolammonium ions
US4923635A (en) * 1987-07-06 1990-05-08 Colgate-Palmolive Company Liquid detergent composition containing alkylbenzene sulfonate, alkyl ethanol ether sulfate, alkanolamide foam booster and magnesium and triethanolammonium ions

Family Cites Families (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1970578A (en) * 1930-11-29 1934-08-21 Ig Farbenindustrie Ag Assistants for the textile and related industries
US2213477A (en) * 1935-12-12 1940-09-03 Gen Aniline & Film Corp Glycol and polyglycol ethers of isocyclic hydroxyl compounds
GB485649A (en) * 1936-11-23 1938-05-23 Ig Farbenindustrie Ag Washing preparations
FR880343A (en) * 1940-01-06 1943-03-23 Ig Farbenindustrie Ag Detergent
US2470719A (en) * 1945-05-26 1949-05-17 Nat Foam System Inc Stabilized foam-forming composition
US2506062A (en) * 1946-01-12 1950-05-02 Gen Aniline & Film Corp Fire extinguishing composition and method
US2562155A (en) * 1949-11-03 1951-07-24 American Cyanamid Co Wetting and detergent composition
GB874845A (en) * 1957-03-07 1961-08-10 Hispano Aviacion S A Means for controlling the stability of an aircraft

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4592875A (en) * 1984-06-25 1986-06-03 Atlantic Richfield Company Alkoxylated ether sulfate anionic surfactants from plasticizer alcohol mixtures
US4594185A (en) * 1984-06-25 1986-06-10 Atlantic Richfield Company Alkoxylated plasticizer alcohol ether sulfate surfactants
US4608197A (en) * 1984-06-25 1986-08-26 Atlantic Richfield Company Alkoxylated ether sulfate anionic surfactants from branched chain plasticizer alcohols
US4732707A (en) * 1984-08-17 1988-03-22 Lever Brothers Company Detergent compositions containing special alkyl ether sulphate in combination with alkylbenzene sulphonate and/or dialkyl sulphosuccinate esters
US7781390B2 (en) 1996-11-26 2010-08-24 Shell Oil Company Highly branched primary alcohol compositions, and biodegradable detergents made therefrom
US7871973B1 (en) 1996-11-26 2011-01-18 Shell Oil Company Highly branched primary alcohol compositions, and biodegradable detergents made therefrom
US7888307B2 (en) 1996-11-26 2011-02-15 Shell Oil Company Highly branched primary alcohol compositions, and biodegradable detergents made therefrom

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR1083752A (en) 1955-01-12
BE522826A (en)
US2766212A (en) 1956-10-09
DE1013379B (en) 1957-08-08

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