GB2561263A - Battery systems - Google Patents

Battery systems Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2561263A
GB2561263A GB1712121.1A GB201712121A GB2561263A GB 2561263 A GB2561263 A GB 2561263A GB 201712121 A GB201712121 A GB 201712121A GB 2561263 A GB2561263 A GB 2561263A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
vehicle
battery
means
replacement
system
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
GB1712121.1A
Other versions
GB201712121D0 (en
Inventor
Abolkheir Mohamed
Original Assignee
Abolkheir Mohamed
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Abolkheir Mohamed filed Critical Abolkheir Mohamed
Priority to GB1712121.1A priority Critical patent/GB2561263A/en
Publication of GB201712121D0 publication Critical patent/GB201712121D0/en
Publication of GB2561263A publication Critical patent/GB2561263A/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S5/00Servicing, maintaining, repairing or refitting of vehicles
    • B60S5/06Supplying batteries to, or removing batteries from, vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K1/00Arrangement or mounting of electrical propulsion units
    • B60K1/04Arrangement or mounting of electrical propulsion units of the electric storage means for propulsion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L50/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L50/50Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells
    • B60L50/60Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells using power supplied by batteries
    • B60L50/64Constructional details of batteries specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/80Exchanging energy storage elements, e.g. removable batteries
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F9/00Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes
    • B66F9/06Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes movable, with their loads, on wheels or the like, e.g. fork-lift trucks
    • B66F9/075Constructional features or details
    • B66F9/07513Details concerning the chassis
    • B66F9/0754Battery removal arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K1/00Arrangement or mounting of electrical propulsion units
    • B60K1/04Arrangement or mounting of electrical propulsion units of the electric storage means for propulsion
    • B60K2001/0455Removal or replacement of the energy storages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K1/00Arrangement or mounting of electrical propulsion units
    • B60K1/04Arrangement or mounting of electrical propulsion units of the electric storage means for propulsion
    • B60K2001/0455Removal or replacement of the energy storages
    • B60K2001/0494Removal or replacement of the energy storages with arrangements for sliding
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/124Electric charging stations by exchange of energy storage elements

Abstract

A vehicle battery replacement system for incorporation within an electric vehicle and that comprises: an electric battery enclosure; a sliding means for facilitating removal and insertion of an electric battery; and a flap means which opens to allow access to the enclosure. The flap means can be in the form of a lockable door. The battery enclosure can include electricity measuring means to determine the power level of a battery. Also disclosed is a vehicle-battery with a handle that can be grabbed at one axial end. Further disclosed is a vehicle-battery robotic replacement system that comprises: electro-mechanical battery grabbing means for grabbing a used electric battery and releasing it before grabbing a replacement battery; electro-mechanical pulling-out and pushing-in means for positioning the used battery away from a vehicle and directing the replacement battery towards a vehicle battery compartment before pushing it into position; and programmable computing means.

Description

Battery Systems

This application covers three closely-related inventions, the object of each of which is a vehicle-battery replacement system primarily for electric vehicles.

Electric vehicles are becoming increasingly acknowledged for their environmental advantages over combustion-engine vehicles. One currently dominant design paradigm is to focus on the acceleration of vehicle-battery recharging — which is generally assumed to be undertaken by the vehicle driver — and as such minimise the time during which the vehicle is not operational. However, an alternative design paradigm is to focus on the replacement of the vehicle-batteries, in a similar fashion to the swapping of empty and full milk glass bottles. The replacement of vehicle-batteries can take place at nationwide locations, for example at fuel (petrol/diesel) stations which are already strategically located along road networks. However, this understanding shifts the design attention to the practical challenges that would be faced. Specifically, if refuelling a vehicle with petrol or diesel would normally take only a few minutes, then in principle so should vehicle-battery replacement. But how? This application covers three closely-related inventions, the object of each of which is a facilitating vehicle-battery replacement system for electric vehicles (or hybrid vehicles which combine the use of electric and combustion means).

The following is an embodiment of the first invention which is a vehicle-battery replacement facilitating system that is to be incoporatedin the vehicle, and comprising: a longitudinal vehicle-battery enclosure which is substantially parallel to the dashboard and is located behind the backseat of a four (or five) seat car; sliding means which incorporates ejection and insertion actuators and are collectively located within the vehicle-battery enclosure; a lockable flap which is located within the external body of the vehicle, preferably on one side; and controlling electro-mechanical means through which the driver can control actions within the system. When the vehicle arrives at the vehicle-battery replacement station, the driver would position the car to the side of a vehicle-battery dispensing unit (that is generally like petrol and diesel dispensing bays). The driver would unlock and open the external flap. Following that they would eject the replaced battery (i.e. the battery to be replaced) out of the battery-enclosure (and out of the vehicle altogether). The replaced battery could be picked up manually or by another means. Then the replacing battery would be inserted into the vehicle-battery enclosure. Finally, the external flap would be closed and locked. The entire process could be completed in only a few minutes. Preferably, the vehicle-battery enclosure consists of three sub-enclosures: one is for a vehicle-battery that provides electricity supply to the engine, another is for at least one stored vehicle-battery, and a third is for the replacement of vehicle-batteries. Preferably, the vehicle-battery enclosure includes an electricity meter which transmits the reading of each vehicle-battery to the driver, for example by showing the readings on the dashboard. The controlling electro-mechanical means would allow the driver to control actions within the system, for example moving vehicle-batteries from one sub-enclosure to another, and the unlocking and opening (then closing and locking) of the flap.

The following is an embodiment of the second invention which is the vehicle-battery itself which is constructed as to facilitate its replacement. The easy-to-replace vehicle-battery is preferably substantially cylindrical in shape; and has grabbable means at one of its axial ends such that the vehicle-battery can be grabbed by a robotic arm. The cylindrical shape of the vehicle-battery is largely like miniature batteries that are used for example in electric tooth brushes. However, there being a grabbable means at one axial end could obstruct having a positive charge at one axial end of the vehicle-battery, and a negative charge at the other axial end. This should not be a problem, as a cylindrical vehicle-battery would normally have such a minimum diameter that it would allow the location of both the positive and negative charges at the same axial end, while maintaining a safe radial distance between them. Preferably, the grabbable means is an axial hole, which corresponds to a shaft on any robotic arm that is used to grab the vehicle-battery.

The following is an embodiment of the third invention which is a vehicle-battey robotic replacement system that is to be located on the premises of vehicle-battery replacement stations, and comprising: electro-mechanical vehicle-battery robotic grabbing means; electro-mechanical pulling-out and pushing-in means; and programable computing means, which are arranged such that when vehicle-battery replacement is activated, the robotic grabbing means would grab the replaced vehicle-battery; the pulling-out and pushing-in means would position it away from the vehicle; the grabbing means would release it before grabbing the replacing vehicle-battery; finally the pulling-out and pushing-in means would direct the replacing vehicle-battery towards the vehicle-battery enclosure before pushing it into position. It should be noted that unlike other replaceable artefacts such as milk glass bottles, which are normally returned completely empty, vehicle-batteries may be replaced while they still have some electricity stored in them. For example, it could be more practical for a driver who is on route to a far destination - and who has for example four vehicle-batteries in their vehicle: two empty, one part-full and one full — to stop at a replacement station and to replace three vehicle-batteries (the two empty ones and the part-full one). In such a practical situation, it would be helpful to have the technological means of measuring the electricity that is left in the part-full vehicle-battery as to subsequently calculate the overall price that is due. So, preferably the vehicle-battery replacement robotic means incorporates an electricity meter to measure any electricity left in the replaced vehicle-battery (or vehicle-batteries), and subsequently to calculate the price.

The above embodiments are provided only as examples and should not be interpreted as restricting the scope of any of the three inventions. Furthermore, once the core concept of each invention is understood, numerous design variations can be introduced individually and/or collectively. The three inventions can work for any type of vehicle.

It is beyond the scope of any of the present inventions to address issues of regulation, whether industry-based self-regulation or government-introduced regulation. However, lessons should be learnt from the history of technology regarding the introduction of technologies which mushroomed haphazardly under the misguided umbrella of liberal creativity, only to create considerable complexities and inconveniences for end-users and societies. Light-bulb fittings, printer cartridges, and mobile-phone chargers are well-known examples. So, it would be generally desirable if replaceable vehicle-batteries are produced with a nationwide (or even international) standard size and electric capacity, to which all vehicle manufacturers would adhere.

Claims (2)

  1. A vehicle-battery replacement facilitating system, which is to be incorporated within a vehicle, and comprising: a vehicle-battery enclosure; sliding means; and flap means, which are arranged such that when vehicle-battery replacement starts, the flap means opens to allow access the vehicle-battery enclosure, and the sliding means facilitates the ejection of the replaced vehicle-battery, and the insertion of the replacing vehicle-battery. A vehicle-battery replacement facilitating system as claimed in Claim 1, in which the flap means is located within the external body of the vehicle. A vehicle-battery replacement facilitating system as claimed in Claim 2, in which the flap means is located on one side of the vehicle. A vehicle-battery replacement facilitating system as claimed in Claim 2, in which the flap means is lockable. A vehicle-battery replacement facilitating system as claimed in Claim 1, in which the sliding means incorporates electro-mechanical vehicle-battery ejection means. A vehicle-battery replacement facilitating system as claimed in Claim 1, in which the sliding means incorporates electro-mechanical vehicle-battery insertion means. A vehicle-battery replacement facilitating system as claimed in Claim 1, in which the vehicle-battery enclosure incorporates electricity measuring means. A vehicle-battery replacement facilitating system as claimed in Claim 1, in which the vehicle-battery enclosure is substantially longitudinal and substantially parallel to the dashboard. A vehicle-battery replacement facilitating system as claimed in Claim 8, in which the vehicle-battery enclosure is hidden behind the backseat. battery enclosure incorporates at least two sub-enclosures. . A vehicle-battery replacement facilitating system as claimed in Claim 10, in which the vehicle-battery enclosure incorporates three sub-enclosures: one is for a vehicle-battery that provides electricity supply to the engine, another is for at least one stored vehicle-battery, and a third is for the replacement of vehicle-batteries. ί. A vehicle-battery replacement facilitating system as claimed in Claim 1, in which there is also controlling electro-mechanical means through which the driver can control actions within the system. i. An easy-to-replace vehicle-battery that has grabbable means at least at one axial end, such that it facilitates the grabbing of the vehicle-battery by robotic vehicle-battery replacement means. -. An easy-to-replace vehicle-battery as claimed in Claiml3, which is substantially longitudinal in shape. i. An easy-to-replace vehicle-battery as claimed in Claiml3, which is substantially cylindrical in shape. i. An easy-to-replace vehicle-battery as claimed in Claiml3, in which the grabbing means is an axial hole. ’. A vehicle-battery robotic replacement system, comprising: electro-mechanical vehicle-battery grabbing means; electro-mechanical pulling-out and pushing-in means; and programmable computing means, which are arranged such that when vehicle-battery replacement is activated, the robotic grabbing means grabs the replaced vehicle-battery; the pulling-out and pushing-in means positions it away from the vehicle; the grabbing means releases it before grabbing the vehicle-battery towards the vehicle-battery enclosure before pushing it into position.
  2. 1. A vehicle-battery robotic replacement system as claimed in Claim 17, in which the grabbing means is shafting means. '. A vehicle-battery robotic replacement system as claimed in Claim 17, in which there is also electricity measuring means. I. A vehicle-battery robotic replacement system as claimed in Claim 17, in which there is also price-calculation means.
GB1712121.1A 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 Battery systems Pending GB2561263A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB1712121.1A GB2561263A (en) 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 Battery systems

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB1712121.1A GB2561263A (en) 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 Battery systems

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB201712121D0 GB201712121D0 (en) 2017-09-13
GB2561263A true GB2561263A (en) 2018-10-10

Family

ID=59778712

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB1712121.1A Pending GB2561263A (en) 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 Battery systems

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (1) GB2561263A (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5760569A (en) * 1997-02-26 1998-06-02 Chase, Jr.; Robert B. Replaceable battery module for electric vehicle
WO2005035288A2 (en) * 2003-10-07 2005-04-21 Martin Mccann Vehicle electric battery systems
US20100291418A1 (en) * 2009-05-15 2010-11-18 Sinoelectric Powertrain Corporation Battery packs, systems, and methods
US20100292877A1 (en) * 2009-05-18 2010-11-18 Gabrielle W. Lee Comprehensive engineering / operation system for electric vehicle and smart networked and decentralized power storage
WO2011162685A1 (en) * 2010-06-21 2011-12-29 Sten Corfitsen A method for exchanging batteries in battery-powered vehicles
WO2012114040A1 (en) * 2011-02-24 2012-08-30 Synergethic Sa Electric vehicle comprising automated means for connecting/disconnecting the batteries

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5760569A (en) * 1997-02-26 1998-06-02 Chase, Jr.; Robert B. Replaceable battery module for electric vehicle
WO2005035288A2 (en) * 2003-10-07 2005-04-21 Martin Mccann Vehicle electric battery systems
US20100291418A1 (en) * 2009-05-15 2010-11-18 Sinoelectric Powertrain Corporation Battery packs, systems, and methods
US20100292877A1 (en) * 2009-05-18 2010-11-18 Gabrielle W. Lee Comprehensive engineering / operation system for electric vehicle and smart networked and decentralized power storage
WO2011162685A1 (en) * 2010-06-21 2011-12-29 Sten Corfitsen A method for exchanging batteries in battery-powered vehicles
WO2012114040A1 (en) * 2011-02-24 2012-08-30 Synergethic Sa Electric vehicle comprising automated means for connecting/disconnecting the batteries

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Publication number Publication date
GB201712121D0 (en) 2017-09-13

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