GB2505981A - Tracking arrangement comprising wearable transmitter and locator units - Google Patents

Tracking arrangement comprising wearable transmitter and locator units Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2505981A
GB2505981A GB1308082.5A GB201308082A GB2505981A GB 2505981 A GB2505981 A GB 2505981A GB 201308082 A GB201308082 A GB 201308082A GB 2505981 A GB2505981 A GB 2505981A
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United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
vital signs
transmitter
unit
locator
band
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Granted
Application number
GB1308082.5A
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GB201308082D0 (en
GB2505981B (en
Inventor
Tracy Buckland
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Tracy Buckland
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Priority to GBGB1216327.5A priority Critical patent/GB201216327D0/en
Priority to GBGB1219760.4A priority patent/GB201219760D0/en
Priority to GBGB1302667.9A priority patent/GB201302667D0/en
Priority to GBGB1306449.8A priority patent/GB201306449D0/en
Application filed by Tracy Buckland filed Critical Tracy Buckland
Publication of GB201308082D0 publication Critical patent/GB201308082D0/en
Publication of GB2505981A publication Critical patent/GB2505981A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of GB2505981B publication Critical patent/GB2505981B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/103Detecting, measuring or recording devices for testing the shape, pattern, colour, size or movement of the body or parts thereof, for diagnostic purposes
    • A61B5/11Measuring movement of the entire body or parts thereof, e.g. head or hand tremor, mobility of a limb
    • A61B5/1112Global tracking of patients, e.g. by using GPS
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/0202Child monitoring systems using a transmitter-receiver system carried by the parent and the child
    • G08B21/0205Specific application combined with child monitoring using a transmitter-receiver system
    • G08B21/0211Combination with medical sensor, e.g. for measuring heart rate, temperature
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/0002Remote monitoring of patients using telemetry, e.g. transmission of vital signals via a communication network
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/02Detecting, measuring or recording pulse, heart rate, blood pressure or blood flow; Combined pulse/heart-rate/blood pressure determination; Evaluating a cardiovascular condition not otherwise provided for, e.g. using combinations of techniques provided for in this group with electrocardiography or electroauscultation; Heart catheters for measuring blood pressure
    • A61B5/0205Simultaneously evaluating both cardiovascular conditions and different types of body conditions, e.g. heart and respiratory condition
    • A61B5/02055Simultaneously evaluating both cardiovascular condition and temperature
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/68Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient
    • A61B5/6801Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient specially adapted to be attached to or worn on the body surface
    • A61B5/6802Sensor mounted on worn items
    • A61B5/681Wristwatch-type devices
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/0202Child monitoring systems using a transmitter-receiver system carried by the parent and the child
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/0202Child monitoring systems using a transmitter-receiver system carried by the parent and the child
    • G08B21/0241Data exchange details, e.g. data protocol
    • G08B21/0252System arrangements wherein the child unit emits, i.e. the child unit incorporates the emitter
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/0202Child monitoring systems using a transmitter-receiver system carried by the parent and the child
    • G08B21/0241Data exchange details, e.g. data protocol
    • G08B21/0255System arrangements wherein the parent unit emits, i.e. the parent unit incorporates the emitter
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/0202Child monitoring systems using a transmitter-receiver system carried by the parent and the child
    • G08B21/0269System arrangements wherein the object is to detect the exact location of child or item using a navigation satellite system, e.g. GPS
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/0202Child monitoring systems using a transmitter-receiver system carried by the parent and the child
    • G08B21/0286Tampering or removal detection of the child unit from child or article
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B25/00Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems
    • G08B25/01Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium
    • G08B25/016Personal emergency signalling and security systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B2560/00Constructional details of operational features of apparatus; Accessories for medical measuring apparatus
    • A61B2560/04Constructional details of apparatus
    • A61B2560/0456Apparatus provided with a docking unit
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B2562/00Details of sensors; Constructional details of sensor housings or probes; Accessories for sensors
    • A61B2562/02Details of sensors specially adapted for in-vivo measurements
    • A61B2562/0209Special features of electrodes classified in A61B5/04001, A61B5/0408, A61B5/042, A61B5/0478, A61B5/0492 or A61B5/053
    • A61B2562/0214Capacitive electrodes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/02Detecting, measuring or recording pulse, heart rate, blood pressure or blood flow; Combined pulse/heart-rate/blood pressure determination; Evaluating a cardiovascular condition not otherwise provided for, e.g. using combinations of techniques provided for in this group with electrocardiography or electroauscultation; Heart catheters for measuring blood pressure
    • A61B5/021Measuring pressure in heart or blood vessels
    • A61B5/022Measuring pressure in heart or blood vessels by applying pressure to close blood vessels, e.g. against the skin; Ophthalmodynamometers
    • A61B5/02233Occluders specially adapted therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/02Detecting, measuring or recording pulse, heart rate, blood pressure or blood flow; Combined pulse/heart-rate/blood pressure determination; Evaluating a cardiovascular condition not otherwise provided for, e.g. using combinations of techniques provided for in this group with electrocardiography or electroauscultation; Heart catheters for measuring blood pressure
    • A61B5/024Detecting, measuring or recording pulse rate or heart rate
    • A61B5/02438Detecting, measuring or recording pulse rate or heart rate with portable devices, e.g. worn by the patient
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/68Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient
    • A61B5/6801Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient specially adapted to be attached to or worn on the body surface
    • A61B5/6843Monitoring or controlling sensor contact pressure
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F19/00Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific applications
    • G06F19/30Medical informatics, i.e. computer-based analysis or dissemination of patient or disease data
    • G06F19/34Computer-assisted medical diagnosis or treatment, e.g. computerised prescription or delivery of medication or diets, computerised local control of medical devices, medical expert systems or telemedicine
    • G06F19/3418Telemedicine, e.g. remote diagnosis, remote control of instruments or remote monitoring of patient carried devices
    • GPHYSICS
    • G16INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SPECIFIC APPLICATION FIELDS
    • G16HHEALTHCARE INFORMATICS, i.e. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE HANDLING OR PROCESSING OF MEDICAL OR HEALTHCARE DATA
    • G16H10/00ICT specially adapted for the handling or processing of patient-related medical or healthcare data
    • G16H10/60ICT specially adapted for the handling or processing of patient-related medical or healthcare data for patient-specific data, e.g. for electronic patient records
    • G16H10/65ICT specially adapted for the handling or processing of patient-related medical or healthcare data for patient-specific data, e.g. for electronic patient records stored on portable record carriers, e.g. on smartcards, RFID tags or CD
    • GPHYSICS
    • G16INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SPECIFIC APPLICATION FIELDS
    • G16HHEALTHCARE INFORMATICS, i.e. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE HANDLING OR PROCESSING OF MEDICAL OR HEALTHCARE DATA
    • G16H40/00ICT specially adapted for the management or administration of healthcare resources or facilities; ICT specially adapted for the management or operation of medical equipment or devices
    • G16H40/60ICT specially adapted for the management or administration of healthcare resources or facilities; ICT specially adapted for the management or operation of medical equipment or devices for the operation of medical equipment or devices
    • G16H40/67ICT specially adapted for the management or administration of healthcare resources or facilities; ICT specially adapted for the management or operation of medical equipment or devices for the operation of medical equipment or devices for remote operation

Abstract

A wearable transmitter and locator unit are provided for tracking children, vulnerable persons, or animals. The wearable units comprise a band formed of a plurality of interlocking sections wherein at least two of the sections can be unlocked. The transmitter unit comprises a radio communications means, a location tracking transceiver, a user interface, a skin contact sensor, an optical sensor, an ECG, a thermocouple, a tension indicator, an alarm, a camera, a speaker, a locking mechanism utilizing a fingerprint reader or code, a slot for an emergency key, a power source, and a low battery indicator. The transmitter is arranged to communicate with the locator unit which includes a touch screen to display location information received from the transmitter unit, a locking mechanism utilizing a fingerprint reader or code, a unique stowed key, an ECG, a thermocouple, a skin contact sensor, an optical sensor, a speaker, an alarm, a power source, a back-up battery slot and a low battery indicator. In a further aspect, transmitter and locator units are arranged to monitor and receive vital signs only, whilst the further aspect may also be modified to include an inflatable cuff for reading blood pressure.

Description

MONITORING AND RECEIVING DEVICES

Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to difficult to remove or tamper with, lockable waterproof transmitter and locator devices, more particularly but not exclusively to a tracking device for tracking typically children, vulnerable persons or animals. There is supplied an emergency key for removal of bands by emergency services. The transmitter and locator also has the capability of monitoring vital signs, more particularly, but not exclusively, heart rate, pulse, blood pressure and temperature, has a two way speaker for communication, a spy cam for extra security and deterrent. The technology has been divided from the tracking device to create a separate pair of bands for use with vital signs without the tracking facilities. The said technologies has also been divided to create a vital signs monitor with the possibility of the adding of a blood pressure cuff for use by the general public, hospitals and veterinary services.

B a ckci round Keeping track of young children, babies, vulnerable people and animals outside of the home can be difficult, particularly busy places such as the beach, shopping centre or markets where there are a number of distractions and often a considerable amount of noise.

Typically the responsible person, such as the parent or carer, will try to keep the person or animal they are responsible for close to them, however this is not always possible.

Sometimes setting boundaries such as a set area for the child, vulnerable person or animal to stay in helps, however if the area is busy or not well known, the child, vulnerable person or animal may become confused and therefore easily lost.

Losing a child, vulnerable person or animal is a huge worry for responsible persons and as a consequence the responsible person may be over protective in order to ensure their charge remains safe. Unfortunately vastly restricting the activities of a child or vulnerable person, particularly by limiting their independence, may have an impact on developing useful life skills such as their confidence in social situations.

Children can be given identification devices to carry or wear such as a wrist band, however these can often be easily removed or lost. Some parents will allow their children use of a mobile phone so that they can keep in contact, however in some environments such as the seaside this is not practical.

Keeping track of a baby, child, adult or animal's vital signs is also very important. Critical illness is all too forever missed because it is not noticed in time therefore medical attention is sought too late. Most critical illness or virus are associated with a very high or low temperature, pulse, blood pressure or heart rate. Wearing the devices with this added technology for the monitoring of vital signs, can undoubtedly save lives through critical illness.

Thought has also been given to care in the community whether that be the elderly, people with ongoing medical conditions, or persons with disabilities whereby family members can have peace of mind whilst away from their loved ones because the bands can be linked to the GP surgery and emergency services.

For most parents, monitoring their child's vital signs whilst they are sleeping will give them peace of mind. There are sensor monitors already on the market but none of them are capable of detecting vital signs.

The separate bands have been created for vital signs purpose without the tracking technology to be used when, tracking technologies and difficult to tamper with materials are not a requirement as this makes for much smaller and lighter bands for a more comfortable wear.

The said technology has been created in a separate monitor for the purpose of monitoring vital signs both at home, in care homes, hospitals and veterinaries, this has the advantage of a possible blood pressure cuff for added benefit.

The present invention therefore arose in order to overcome problems associated with keeping track of children, vulnerable persons and animals without limiting their independence and now has the advantage of saving lives through the monitoring of vital signs.

Prior Art

Accordingly a number of patent applications have been filed in an attempt to resolve the problem or similar, including the following: United States patent application US 20 120 050 532 (RHYINS) discloses a latch and locking device, comprising: a band, sized to be worn about a limb of a user; an electro-mechanical latch retaining device, holding said band on said user wrist, said retaining device having a mechanical locking mechanism with spring loaded push-button that releases the retaining device, an electrical switch that produces an electrical state indicative of whether said locking mechanism is opened or closed, and said latch retaining device also having an electronic locking mechanism that is activated based on an electrical signal; a housing, held on said band; an electronic assembly, located in said housing, said electronic assembly, communicating information to a remote device; said electronic assembly coupled electrically to said mechanical latch retaining device, and receiving said electrical state indicative of whether said locking mechanism is opened or closed, producing an output signal which controls said electronic locking mechanism, said electronic assembly having a position sensor, detecting its position, sending information to said remote device indicative of whether said position is outside of a specified parameter, and information indicative of whether said latch is opened or closed, and information indicative of whether said push-button has been pressed, and receiving information from said remote device indicative of a command to lock said electronic locking mechanism.

International patent application WO 2010 026 566 (KANER) discloses a multiple homing devices system that transmits corresponding multiple unique signals to a pre-setup mobile phone, the system comprises: a. a set of homing devices, each of which transmitting a unique signal to said pre-setup mobile phone and comprising: i. a transmitter; ii. a signal generator in operative communication with said transmitter; and b. a mobile phone that can receive, decode and monitor each of said unique signals from said set of signalling devices and can calculate and indicate proximity and direction of each device in said set of signalling devices respectively and comprising: I means for selecting a monitoring mode in which mobile phone is being used to locate said set of homing devices; ii means for selecting the homing device the mobile device user desires to monitor; Hi an application software executed on said mobile phone to calculate the location of said set of homing devices; iv means for displaying the proximity and location of each device in said set of signalling devices the mobile device's user desires to monitor.

Granted United Kingdom patent GB 2 469 893 (BENTLEY) discloses a portable tracking and communications device comprising a Global Positioning System (GPS) module and a mobile telephony module, the device including at least a first passive, electronic ground plane simulator comprising a pair of antennae that are grounded to a casing of the device and are selectively connectable in parallel one to the other in a circuit that includes a resistorcapacitance resonator, the resonator being tuned to a first predetermined frequency or frequency range and the circuit being connected to provide mobile telephony signals in the device when the antennae are not connected to one another, and GPS signals when the antennae are so connected.

United Kingdom patent application GB 2 442 778 (SMITH) discloses a portable security apparatus comprising a master transponder and a secondary transponder, wherein each transponder is associated with an alarm, the transponders being arranged to transmit and receive two signals of different frequency back and forth between each other, characteristics of the signals providing information dependent on the distance between the master transponder and the secondary transponder, and the apparatus is further arranged to monitor the signals such that, in use, should the distance between the master transponder and the secondary transponder exceed a specified distance then at least one of the alarms is activated.

United States patent application US 2007 205 895 (BERGENER) discloses a system that produces an alarm consisting of radio frequency tag(s) or other device that can be polled and a two-polling device with speaker and computer chip. It can be attached to straps so they can be worn around the neck, or under a persons clothing. Alternately they can be attached, or worn in other places if a person wishes. There can be two radio frequency tags, so that a person's own body does not block the signal. The two-way polling device is designed so it can be attached to, or built into the wallet or any other item a person wishes to protect, with a pin or any other type of fastener. United States patent application US 2007 182 548 (RAAD) discloses a portable GPS transmitter configured to be mounted to a user comprising: activation means for sending, when the activation means is activated, a GPS location signal indicating a position of the user to a remote monitoring unit; video, audio and photo recording means for providing visual and audio recordings from the portable GPS transmitter, the video, audio and photo recording means automatically being activated when the activation means is activated; locking means for removably securing the attachment means of the portable GFS transmitter to the user, the locking means being displaceable only through entry of a locking code unique to the portable GPS transmitter; and attachment means for connecting the portable GPS transmitter to the user, a housing being connected to the attachment means for mounting the activation means, the locking means and the video, audio and photo recording means thereon.

Granted United Kingdom patent GB 2 425 202 (PAREKH) discloses a personal security device comprises a watch 1 having an internal chip and panic button 2 that, when pressed, will send a signal 6 to a call centre 4 giving the exact location of the individual, e.g. GPS coordinates, so that emergency services 5 can be sent out. The device also includes a vibration alert so that, when the call centre 4 receives the signal 6, it will then send a vibratory signal back to the individual to let them know that help is on its way. The internal chip may be coded with a user specific identifier so that it can only be used by the correct person. (From GB2425202 A) Granted United States patent US 7 259 671 discloses a proximity aware personal alert system comprising: a first mobile transceiver unit; and a second mobile transceiver unit in communication with the first mobile transceiver unit via an RF link, the second mobile transceiver providing an alarm indication when the first mobile transceiver has moved a predetermined distance from the second mobile transceiver unit.

In contrast the present invention provides a failsafe means of tracking a child, baby, vulnerable adult or animal and has the advantage of the saving of lives through the reading of vital signs also.

SummarQ of the Invention According to the present invention there is provided wearable monitoring device's with or without vital signs, wearable receivers and an emergency key, including: A wearable water and shock proof transmitter unit for tracking of persons or animals, comprising: a band to be worn on the body, ideally formed of a plurality of interlocking sections, but not indefinitely, wherein at least two of said sections may be unlocked, tamper proof materials, a casing encasing electronics including active radio communications, a printed circuit board, location tracking transceiver, slot for key locking, at least one lock mechanism, skin contact sensor, optical sensor, vital signs reader, user interface control, screen for displaying said information of transmitter, two way speaker, spy cam, tension indicator, at least one alarm, optional flash light, optional glow in the dark, a slot for emergency key, at least one power source inclusive of solar power adapted to communicate with: A wearable water and shock proof locator unit adapted to process information including identification, vital signs and location information received from the transmitter unit, user interface control, a sequence of number and symbols for coded locking, a scanner for finger print locking, unique attached key for key lock method, skin contact sensor, optical sensor, vital signs check, at least one alarm, optional flash light, optional glow in the dark, printed circuit board, active radio communications, location tracking transceiver, a slot for emergency key, at least one power source inclusive of solar power, app for Android phone and PC.

An emergency key system adapted for use with the transmitter and locator unit consisting of a coded key, a secure box, key card and a database.

Splitting of above mentioned technologies to create; a wearable waterproof shock resistant, vital signs only monitoring device independent of the above mentioned locator and transmitter, for the monitoring of animal and human vital signs, comprising; a wearable monitor, skin contact sensor, optical sensor, user interface control, screen for displaying said information, spy cam with video link and or two way speaker, thermocouple, ECG, printed circuit board, computer chips, WIFI, Bluetooth or similar, a cuff for blood pressure reading with cuff method, tension indicator, a possibility for separate band to commu nicate with monitor, a possible name tag with computer chip, barcoding or both to hold patient details or can be used with the already available hospital name tag, an app for android phone and pc and at least one power source inclusive of solar power.

The above vital signs technologies has been split again to create; water and shock proof vital signs and receiver bands independent of the transmitter, locator and vital signs monitor, with spy cam, room and water temperature reader, tension indicator, skin contact sensor, optical sensor, two way speaker, thermocouple, EGG, printed circuit board, possible computer chip, WIFI, Bluetooth or similar, app for phone and pc at least one power source.

In preferred embodiments the transmitter unit is worn by or affixed to a baby, child, vulnerable person or animal and the locator unit is worn by a responsible person such as a parent, carer, guardian, or user, so as to be able to identify the location of the child, vulnerable person or animal at all times by means of the locator unit.

Ideally therefore the transmitter unit may be altered in size as appropriate to the person or animal and may be for example altered or adjusted to compensate for growth in the animal or person, from baby, through child to vulnerable adult, from small to large animal.

Preferably the transmitter unit is fitted or affixed to a wrist or leg or any other pad of the body of the vulnerable person or animal by means of a band, wherein said band may not be opened by unauthorised persons.

In all preferred embodiments the sections and any intermediate interlock parts are provided in materials that are difficult to tamper with, damage or more particularly cut. For example the sections, or band may be formed in surgical steel, titanium or carbon fibre, or other strong, durable, lightweight material that may not be easily broken. In all preferred embodiments the material used is suitable for constant, consistent contact with sensitive skin, being hypoallergenic, minimal irritation, neutral and not prone to capture of bacteria.

Consequently, in all preferred embodiments there is provided a variety of lock mechanisms which interface with a complete unit or the interlocking sections so as to prevent separation of interlocking sections or complete unit, these locks will consist of a unique key, a finger print, number, symbol or letter coded locking.

An additional or alternative lock mechanism may also allow locking of the electronics, for example wherein a flap may be locked down, under which the electronics may be accessible.

Preferably in further embodiments the electronics may only be accessible by a user when the band is open, for example being on an inner face of the band when the band is closed.

Typically the band is formed of removable interlocking sections wherein the sections are connected by links allowing a section to be readily removed or added and therefore the size of the band to be adjusted, the same is possible for the complete band as this can also be adjusted from underneath. Typically or advantageously the casing is incorporated into the sections, wherein the casing and encased electronics are not identifiable.

Preferably each section or link of the interlocking sections may also include fine adjustrnent that allows incremental adjustment, so the size of the band can be altered to ensure the band fits snugly to the wearer.

Advantageously fine adjustment for the links, section or band is on an internal face so as to prevent the band being adjusted when worn, and potentially removed by a person other than the user.

Ideally each interlocking section is accurate so as to match the shape of the body part it is worn on and to allow it to sit comfortably around the body part of the person or animal it is attached to. Ideally each interlocking section has a uniform depth so as to be less likely to be caught, displaced or damaged whilst worn.

In preferred embodiments the transmitter and locator unit is covered in a synthetic plastic or elastomer coating such as rubber, silicone, wherein said coating provides aesthetic appeal, removes sharp edges and aids in waterproofing. This can then be coated in liquipel for extra waterproofing.

In some embodiments the band may additionally or alternatively include a liner between the band and the wearer for improved comfort. Typically the liner is a soft, breathable fabric.

In preferred embodiments the band may be separated or hinged in order to be fitted to a wearer. Advantageously the band may be locked closed so that the band may only be opened by one of the locking methods, so as to prevent the child vulnerable person, adult or animal from losing the transmitter unit or the transmitter unit being removed by anyone other than the user. Such is an important security feature ensuring the safety of the vulnerable persons or animals.

In preferred embodiments the key or data reader is incorporated, with the locator unit so that only the user who holds the receiver unit may remove the band.

Preferably the key which is attached to the locator is unique to one transmitter device and/or a set of transmitter units, If for example the user has more than one vulnerable person or animal in their charge, more than one transmitter unit may be linked to one locator unit, the same can be said for the finger print or unique code method.

In some further embodiments as the transmitter unit is envisaged to be formed of materials that prevent unauthorised persons, it will be possible to register a master copy of a unique coded key with emergency services, so as to allow removal of the transmitter or locator unit from an injured person or animal, all units will be made to adapt this key.

The said emergency unlock key will allow a number of secure coded master keys to be registered with the emergency services, this has the advantage to be locked in a secure cabinet with break glass or key card entry, these coded keys can then be registered on a secure website, once used the website will be alerted as to that key's exact location, the key will have a time limit for use, once the time limit is reached the key will cease to work until it is recoded. The said data collected on the web site will show the exact location of the used key thus enabling person's to get details of when, where and what it was used for. The key will then be recoded and replaced, this will act as a deterrent for misuse.

In preferred embodiments, one section of the band acts as the casing that houses the active radio communication, location tracking transceiver, printed circuit board and batteries.

Ideally the casing includes a lockable cover so as to be able to access the components and protect the components when access is not required.

In preferred embodiments the active radio communications is active and sends periodical pulses to the locator unit to provide location information and vital signs. The range of radio-frequency transmission is typically limited by distance therefore when outside the range of the radio-frequency a DGPS or similar signal may be used to communicate between the transmitter unit and locator unit over larger distances.

It is envisaged that the radio communications provides location information for a range of approximately 300m from the locator unit. After this location information is provided by the DGPS or similar.

Preferably a pattern of regularity of signal transmission from the transmitter unit can be set by the user or defined at manufacture or retail wherein if at any time the regular signal is not detected or a break in signals is detected by the locator unit a warning notice is triggered on the locator unit to advise the user that the signal from the transmitter unit has stopped or changed. Typically the warning notice may be visual such as a flashing light, audible alarm, a vibration waming notice or all of the above.

Said break in signals may be caused by lowering battery levels, wherein the transmitter unit slows signal regularity when battery levels are falling, and consequently the locator unit displays a transmitter low battery indication. Ideal embodiments may include a back-up battery, such as may be stored on the locator unit for constant battery supplies to the transmitter unit.

In preferred embodiments the transmitter unit includes a capacitance activated panel or a contact sensor that can detect if in contact with the skin, if the transmitter unit is not in contact with the skin it is assumed the transmitter unit has become removed and the locator unit is notified. This may ensure that the transmitter unit is in constant contact with skin and cannot be misused.

The skin and optical contact sensors can also detect vital signs by way of pulse, heart rate, temperature and blood pressure, but not limited so the locator unit will be notified in the same way if there is a change in pulse, heart rate, temperature, blood pressure or any vital sign.

This could potentially lower the risk of cot death or severe meningitis or any other fatal illnesses which involves a sudden rapid change in temperature, heart rate, blood pressure, pulse or other vital sign. The locator will be adapted to read the wearer of the locator vital signs also.

In some embodiments the panel may include biometric data provision, collection or acceptance.

Additionally the transmitter unit includes at least one button to activate the transmitter unit to send a panic alert to the locator unit. In some embodiments for example the casing, band includes two buttons; for example on opposing sides of the casing which buttons when pressed simultaneously for a predetermined amount of time will activate the transmitter unit to send a signal to the locator unit advising the user that the wearer of the transmitter unit wants to be found.

The use of two buttons pressed simultaneously reduces the chance of the buttons being pressed in error and erroneously alerting the user. In some embodiments the transmitter band may have a plurality of or continuous buttons.

However where this is not possible for babies, small children, vulnerable adults and animals, the predetermined set distance, will be used. Once the locator unit has been alerted to the breach, the locators screen will show the location and distance of the transmitter unit enabling the unit to be found.

It is envisaged that the panic alert may be similar or the same as the warning notice triggered if the periodical signal is lost to minimise components, for example provided with coded difference.

Typically the pressing of the buttons causes transmission of the signal from the transmitter unit to the locator unit. It is envisaged that multiple signals may be triggered by pressing the buttons including active radio communication and DGPS or similar so as to ensure the signal is detected at any range or bearing.

The locator unit is equipped to interpret the signal to establish location of the transmitter unit in relation to the receiver unit, wherein for example the locator unit may additionally include means of establishing location of the locatei unit.

In some embodiments the locator unit may be comprised by a standard unit, such as a smart phone or pc, wherein said unit may be adaptable by hardware, firmware or software so as to cooperate with the transmitter unit as required and appropriate.

Ideally said locator unit may be cloud based for example wherein the locator unit is at a remote serve and a myriad of equipped hardware may be adaptable to access the locator unit.

Preferably however the locator unit is also a wrist mounted unit, but not indefinitely, so as to be easily carried and readily available, and is waterpioof and shock lesistant, in oidei that the locator unit is always available for use, and in accident situations the key lock veision is well protected.

Ideally the locator unit includes the screen to display information such as the direction in which, the transmitter unit is located and the distance from the locator unit to the transmifter unit and show vital signs of the wearer of the transmitter and the locator.

Typically the direction may be visually displayed on the screen by means of an arrow or marker that points in the direction of the tiansmitter unit so as to guide the user.

The locatoi may also contain numbers! letters and symbols i.e. A c168f$%& etc. For the unique code locking or will have a reader for parent or carer fingerprint.

It is envisaged that the information may be recorded and stored so that it may be recalled at a latei time. For example, a route of the transmittei unit over a period of time may be viewed.

In preferred embodiments the information may be uploaded to a mobile telephone, smart phone or computer. Additionally or alternatively the locator unit may be linked to the phone or computer so as to more easily view the information.

In some embodiments the locator unit power source may be comprised by kinetic energy harvesting and a capacitor.

In some embodiments the locator unit may include predetermined settings or be capable of being set by the user to their desired distance between the transmitter and locator, this will advise the userwhen the transmitter unit is within orwith-out certain ranges, for example within 1 0Dm, 50Dm or 1 00Dm, and automatically trigger alert signals.

Once the alert signal is received by the locator unit the screen provides information of the direction and distance of the transmitter unit from the locator unit so that the user can be guided to the wearer of the transmitter unit.

According to another aspect of the present invention there is provided a tracking system including: a database of user defined codes, at least one lockable band having a transceiver that is capable of transmitting a location signal, the band being adapted to be worn by a person or animal when locked and is adapted to be unlocked on receipt of an unlock code transmitted from a remote location.

Transmission of the unlock code may be from a remote location or it may be directly from the database, or routed via the database. For example a signal to unlock a specific band may be transmitted from a remote location via a computer terminal or by using a mobile communication device, such as a mobile telephone or cell phone.

Optionally the band is fitted with an associated active radio frequency device.

Preferably the band has a unit that is adapted to process information including identification and location information received from the transmitter unit. A screen acts to display said information to the wearer and a dedicated power source is supplied in order to power the display.

Ideally the code is a user definable code. For example it may be a numerical code.

The code or fingerprint may be input at an input device, which is optionally the screen. The input device may take the form of an input keypad or mechanical locking barrel or any other electronic or electro-mechanical or mechanical device which permits the inclusion of a 4, 5 or 6 digit combination or a finger print.

The number of combinations may of course be increased by permitting the use of letters as well as optionally characters, such as & or or #, thereby creating a very high level of security, on the basis that so many possible combinations can be achieved with a 4, 5 or 6 feature lock.

Optionally the code can be backed up on a secure website, for example at the database, so that the user can input their own code directly via a connection to a secure site, as well as Input this into the band locally. Code matching may then be performed either at the database or locally on the band. Transmission between the two is via a telecommunication, such as DGPS or similar and this can be used to set the code. Once used again this code then acts to lock and unlock the transmitter by communicating with the communication device, which again may be performed locally -that is at the device or remotely -that is via telecommunication link.

A system of multiple bands may include a plurality of bands, each of whose codes may of course also be stored on the secure web site. An optional feature is to provide a master code allowing for multiple release of more than one or groups or sub-groups of bracelets. This feature has the advantage that the transmitter and locator are less bulky.

In preferred embodiments the transmitter unit and locator unit are water and shock proof so as to allow the device to operate in wet conditions such as on a beach, in a swimming pool or in the rain.

In preferred embodiments the transmitter and locator will have a tension indicator so as to alert to any swelling of the area where the band is worn.

In preferred embodiments the transmitter and locator will work on kinetic energy harvesting, a capacitor! long life battery, be chargeable in a docking station or a mix of said power sources.

The technology from the transmitter and locator has been split to create vital signs and receiving bands and a vital signs monitor with receiver band.

The said vital signs monitor, like the transmitter and locator device, will be waterproof, shatterproof, shockproof, made from hypoallergenic materials suitable for constant contact to sensitive skin and not prone to capture bacteria.

This vital signs monitor will preferably be a sealed unit, fully rechargeable, mains adapted charger units will be supplied, larger charging units will be supplied for purpose of use by hospitals and veterinarians. This unit may also be powered by kinetic energy harvesting, a capacitor, long life battery or a mix of said power sources.

The vital signs monitor also has the possibility for a backup battery for use in emergencies, this monitor also has the capabilities to connect to the pc or smart phone for the purpose of showing results.

This vital signs monitor is by way of user interface control, has a choice of a fixed blood pressure cuff, for cuff method, it is possible to make the cuff removable, alternatively works by the using of optical sensor for the reading of blood pressure.

The aforementioned monitor will possibly work on ECO, for pulse and heart rate this detects and amplifies the tiny electrical changes on the skin which are caused by the heart muscle depolarizing during each heartbeat. These changes will be picked up by the use of a small metallic electrode which will work in conjunction with the skin contact sensor.

For the detecting of temperature, this will possibly work on a thermocouple technology, this is two precious metal wires welded together, when there is a change in temperature the resistance in the wires change causing a change in electrical signal, this then relates to a temperature change in the control electronics.

The benefits of these vital signs monitors are by way of them being strapped directly to the patient or animal. Once fitted these devices will read the patient or animal temperature, heart late blood pressure and pulse at the touch of the screen and integrated buttons.

This vital signs monitor also means when being used by hospitals and veterinarians, no more searching time for multiple pieces of equipment to check these vital signs as these will be on the patient or animal at all times. Less bulky equipment being required also means more space around the patient or animal therefore less chance of accident falling over equipment.

Any sudden dramatic changes will alert carers by way of an audible or flashing alarm and will display the results on the screen provided, on the pc or smart phone, even when the carer is in a different vicinity to the vital signs monitor wearer the carer will be made aware of sudden change.

These monitors will link to the pc and smart phone and may also, depending upon legalities, be fitted with a spy cam, which will also link to the computer or smart phone, for the purpose of protecting patients and staff alike. Not shown in the images.

This can be used by Veterinarians, hospitals, emergency services and the general public.

Although these units will vary in design and fitting methods depending on where they are being used.

These units will have the benefit of being strapped to a patient or animal using the already in use waterproof hospital name tags, that being Veterinary, NHS or private sector. There can be supplied aforementioned name tag with the adding of bar code, computer chip or both for the reading of patient details. The unit will have a small gap between the skin contact and face of the device so as to thread the tag.

The other advantages of using these tags are hygiene, as the tags can be replaced between patients, the tags are lockable therefore young children vulnerable adults and animals will not be able to remove them easily and they are sizeable.

For the general public an already fitted band will be supplied, this also has the advantage to be lockable.

There will be a battery low indicator, preferably a flashing light or audible alarm different to that of the vital signs alarm.

These monitors will also come with the choice for the purchase of a receiver band so as loved ones can keep up to date with family members who are staying in hospital, nursing homes or the veterinaries. This will give peace of mind when out of visiting hours.

The design and technology in this device may change as new material and technology comes to market, the principle will stay the same.

The aforementioned technology in the transmitter! locator and vital signs monitor can also be used as vital signs and receiver only bands, independent of the tracker unit and vital signs monitor.

The bands will be of waterproof hypo allergic material, not prone to capture of bacteria, light weight and shock proof, with many designs and can come in multiple vital signs bands to one receiver band for the purpose of multiple persons or animals in one's care. These band will be very similar in design and technology to the transmitter and locator, therefore have not been illustrated by diagram in this application.

There is a skin contact sensor, optical sensor, ECG and thermocouple for the reading of vital signs. The said technologies will change as technology advances.

The advantages of these bands are of being more lightweight as they will not contain tracking facilities, nor will they have the need for tamperproof material and they have the means to check vital signs continuously whilst attached to the body.

There is a two way speaker system so as to be able to hear and speak to the wearer of the vital signs band and a possibility for a spy cam. The said vital signs band will have night light facilities and room temperature check. The said vital signs band will be capable of communicating with the receiver band.

The receiver band will have a screen so as when an alarm by way of audio, visual or both is sent from the vital signs band to alert the wearer to any changes in vital signs of the wearer of the vital signs band, example, high or low temperature, rapid heartbeat or change in pulse or blood pressure, the results will be displayed on the screen. The said screen will also display the wearers vital signs as this is important too.

This in turn will have the advantage of an alert to a change in vital signs in the middle of the night, whilst out shopping or whilst the wearer of the vital signs band has an aftemoon sleep or any other time we would otherwise not be aware.

There can be supplied an app for a phone or computer for added benefit.

Both the receiver and the vital signs bands will be powered by either kinetic energy harvesting, a capacitor, battery, charging dock, all or a mixture of said power sources.

The receiver band will have a slot for back up batteries, thus benefitting if any said powers fail, both bands will have a battery low indicator that will differ to the vital signs alarm.

The receiver band will possibly work by way of wireless protocol, Bluetooth, WIFI or any other communication technology.

The said mentioned receiver band will be capable of reading the wearers vital signs using the aforementioned technologies as in the vital signs band.

The importance of this device is being able to pick up on dramatic vital signs changes when we might not otherwise be aware! this is vital to quick response and can save lives through this knowledge.

Brief Description of Figures

Figure 1 shows an exploded isometric view of a preferred embodiment of the transmitter unit; Figure 2 shows an isometric view of the embodiment of Figure 1; Figure 3 shows a side view of the embodiment of Figure 1 Figure 4 shows a second side view of the embodiment of Figure 1; Figure 5 shows a view from above of the embodiment of Figure 1 showing the casing; Figure 6 shows a second view from above of the embodiment of Figure 1; Figure 7 shows a third view from above of the embodiment of Figure 1; Figure 8 shows a fourth view from above of the embodiment of Figure 1; Figure 9 shows a view of a locator unit with key extended; Figure 10 shows a transmitter with vital signs and spy camera; Figure 11 shows a transmitter highlighting fingerprint locking; Figure 12 shows transmitter with vital signs and skin contact electrode hidden in strap; Figure 13 shows motor controlled shutter to seal off access and ratchet locking; Figure 14 shows the emergency key in sealed box.

Figure 15 shows vital signs monitor with hospital tag for attaching to patient; Figure 16 shows vital signs monitor with hospital tag and blood pressure sleeve attachment; Figure 17 shows vital signs monitor with attached band and blood pressure cuff for personal use; Figure 18 shows side view of vital signs monitor with written explanation; Figure 19 shows vital signs monitor with single charger unit for personal use; Figure 20 shows vital signs monitor with multiple charger unit

Detailed Description of Figures

In the pictured embodiment of the transmitter unit 1 is a band composed of five interlocking sections 2, said sections can be more or less than five, as required, said sections formed in possibly either surgical steel, titanium or carbon fibre or other lightweight strong material that can't be easily broken and covered in use with a silicone, plastic or rubber coating or jacket (not shown). The unit 1 also includes a casing 3 which contains electronics 4 including a PCB, active radio communications and location tracking transceiver components, ECG and thermocouple Said electronics 4 with skin and optical contact sensor 6, will activate if a change in vital signs of the wearer is detected. Said other electronics 4 may be activated by the two buttons 5 (the buttons 5 being located on opposing sides of the casing) when this is not possible, such as for animals, babies young children and vulnerable adults then an alarm may be sent to the locator unit when the transmitter goes out of a set preferred range. This can be set as appropriate.

When an older child raises an alarm by pressing both buttons 5 for 2 seconds. This will then alert the locator unit and show the transmitter unit's location, in some embodiments including directions to the transmitter unit. If this is not responded to by the user the alarm will be sent through to the emergency services.

In preferred embodiments of the locator unit the user swipes a finger across the locator screen to activate local tracking; to scan location and show the direction of any connected tran smitters or units within a range of 300m and swipes the finger to the right to activate DGPS or similar, tracking and locate any connected transmitter unit(s) to within lOm. Swiping again will cycle through all connected transmitter unit(s) or units.

The transmitter or locator unit may be adjusted in length to suit the child, vulnerable adult or animal and tightened in place to make small adjustments, wherein it is possible to add links as the wearer grows.

The bands are unlockable with a unique key (as shown in Figure 9 as 9) in the lock (Figure 2 as 10). Fingerprint method as shown in figure 11 or unique unlocking code method, the interlocking sections may be adjusted using an adjustor 9 in the adjustment means 7 when the band is opened or open, or the interlocking sections may be opened by means of the fingerprint, key or by means of the unique code method.

Ideally the transmitter unit 1 is activated when the transmitter unit 1 is secured or closed.

The locator unit is a wearable unit so as to be close to hand at all times and easily worn, (Figure 9) with a unique key for the transmitter band hinged in the unit, that when not in use in a stowed position sits virtually invisible following the curve of the unit about a person or the fingertip key is stowed in the locator if this method is in use or the locator stores the unique locking code or fingerprint inside its technology if these methods are in use.

For example variation to the embodiment may be made by including a locking device with a code which may include a numerical code. The device may take the form of an input keypad or mechanical locking barrel or any other electronic or electro-mechanical or mechanical device which permits the inclusion of a 4, 5 or 6 digit combination. The number of combinations increase by permitting the use of letters as well as optionally characters, such as & or $ or U' or similar, thereby creating a very high level of security, on the basis that so many possible combinations can be achieved with a 4, 5 or 6 feature lock.

Optionally the code can be backed up on a secure website so that the user can input their own Code, directly via a connection to a secure site as well as verify this by input into the bracelet locally. Code matching may then be performed via a telecommunication link and this technique can be used to set the code. Once used again this code then acts to lock and unlock the bands by communicating with the communication device, which again may be performed locally -that is at the device or remotely -that is via a telecommunication link.

A system of multiple bands may include a plurality of bands! each of whose codes may of course also be stored on the secure web site. An optional feature is to provide a master code allowing for multiple release of more than one or groups or sub-groups of bracelets. This feature has the advantage that the tracker and locator are less bulky.

Also for niche and bespoke applications there is a slim key which is adapted to be inserted into the adult locator and which operates using an adult fingertip control in order to lock and unlock the tracker bracelet. This is not shown.

The transmitter or locator unit may be adjusted in length to suit the adult child, vulnerable adult or animal and tightened in place to make small adjustments, wherein it is possible to add links as the wearer grows.

Figure 10 illustrates an alternative complete band with spy cam and alternative locking method, this will run with the coded and fingerprint locking which is illustrated in figure 11 and figure 13's shutter control.

The coded locking previously mentioned in the description, where by a code is entered onto a secure web site is not illustrated.

Figure 12 is illustrating the vital signs on the digital screen and also the skin contact sensor on the underneath of the wrist with wires hidden in the strap leading back up to the digital screen to make contact with the already mentioned technology in the transmitter. The reason behind this is that the vital signs can be detected easier underneath the wrist.

Figure 13 illustrates the shutter control lock which works with the fingerprint or code method.

This will unlock the band for resizing, this will not be able to be achieved whilst the shutter is closed or whilst the device is being worn.

Figure 14 illustrates an emergency backup key housed in a secure cabinet. This will be accessible by way of either breaking the glass or a key card coded entry.

All of the above figures are for illustration purposes, these can be altered for the vital signs only bands, all of the bands will be similar in size and style, they will contain different technologies for each purpose.

Figure 15 shows the vital signs monitor with the use of a hospital identity tag, this method can be used by hospitals and veterinaries, the tag will thread through the monitor without interrupting the skin contact sensor, this has the advantage to hold the patient or animals name and lock on so that small children and vulnerable adults cannot remove it and animals cannot lose it, it also means better hygiene because the tags can be thrown away between patients and animals. These said tags will be of the same design for bar coded and computer chip patient data tags, not illustrated. The skin contact sensor, with the aid of EGG, thermocouple, optical sensor, will read the vital signs of the wearer then display the results on the screen.

This device will be waterproof and shatter proof.

Figure 16 shows the vital signs monitor with hospital tag but also shows the blood pressure cuff and where it will be attached, the blood pressure cuff will inflate at the touch of a button, show the results on the screen and quickly deflate.

Figure 17 shows the vital signs monitor with the blood pressure sleeve and a strap attached, this will be made of hypoallergenic materials for sensitive skin, the reason for the strap is for the purpose of public sale, Figure 16 also highlights the skin contact sensor being on the underneath of the wrist with showing the concealed wires leading back up to the screen so as to make contact with the circuit board. This device will also still be waterproof and shatter proof.

Figure 18 shows a side view of said device attached to a hospital tag, with written explanation on how the device works.

Figure 19 shows said device in a single charger unit for use with the public devices.

Figure 20 shows the units in a multiple charger unit for use by hospitals and veterinary services, these charger units are mains adapted but the device itself has a backup battery for use on the move.

The invention has been described by way of examples only and it will be appreciated that variation may be made to the above-mentioned embodiments without departing from the scope of invention.

With respect to the above descriptions then, it is to be realised that the optimum dimensional relationships for the parts of the invention, to include variations in size, materials, shape, form, function and manner of operation, assembly and use, are deemed readily apparent and obvious to one skilled in the art, and all equivalent relationships to those illustrated in the drawings and described in the specification are intended to be encompassed by the present invention.

Therefore, the foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of the invention.

Further, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown and described, and accordingly, all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the invention.

Claims (41)

  1. Claims Monitoring and receiving devices including: 1. A wearable waterproof and shock resistant transmitter for the tracking at persons, made up of difficult to tamper with or cut through, hypoallergenic materials not prone to the capture of bacteria and for use with sensitive skin, a liner for wear between skin and transmitter, transmitter comprises a band farmed of a plurality of interlocking sections wherein at least two of said sections may be unlocked, Said sections may also be added or removed to alter size of the band allowing for growth changes or alternatively a single band without links, a casing encasing electronics including active radio communications, a printed circuit board, location tracking transceiver, user interface control, skin contact, optical sensor, vital signs reading by way of ECG, thermocouple, or similar, tension indicator, at least one alarm, a spy cam, two way speaker, at least one lock mechanism, reader for fingerprint and numerical code locking and unlocking, slot for emergency key, a torch, optional glow in the dark, at least one power source inclusive of solar power, a battery low indicator, adapted to communicate with: A wearable waterproof and shock resistant locator unit made up of hypoallergenic, not prone to the capture of bacteria, suitable for constant contact with sensitive skin materials, a liner for wear between the skin and the locator, formed of a plurality of interlocking sections wherein at least two said sections may be unlocked, alternatively a single band without links, a unique stowed key, band adapted to process information including identification and location information received from the transmitter unit, a touch screen to display said information including mapping, said screen swiped one way will use local tracking, said screen swiped the opposite way will use global tracking, a sequence of numbers, letters and symbols for coded locking and unlocking oftransmittera source adapted forfingerprint locking and unlocking, vital signs reader by way of ECG, thermocouple, skin contact and optical sensor or similar communication technology to communicate the vital signs of the wearer of the transmitter, printed circuit board, a torch, optional glow in the dark, range setter, two way speaker, at least one lock mechanism, at least one alarm, at least one power source inclusive of solar power, back up battery slot, battery low indicator.Above aforementioned transmitter and locator adapt to work with an emergency backup key system comprising, a coded key, secure box, key card and secure data base.The said technology in the transmitter and locator units has been broken down to create similar monitors for the reading and receiving of vital signs only, the vital signs band will be by way of a wearable, water and shock proof band, made from hypoallergenic materials for sensitive skin, made up of links for size adjustment, a liner for wear between the device and skin, a screen for displaying information, two way speaker and spy cam, room temp reader, night light, optional glow in the dark, skin contact and optical sensor, ECG and thermocouple or similar, active radio communication, printed circuit board, computer chip, tension indicator, at least one alarm, at least one power source inclusive of solar power, a battery low indicator, adapted to communicate with: A receiver band, said band will include a screen for the displaying of inforniation and vital signs of the wearer and of the wearer of the vital signs band, active radio communications, printed circuit board, computer chip, two way speaker, room and water temperature reader, a torch, optional glow in the dark, at least one alarm, at least one power source inclusive of solar power, a battery low indicator.The said vital signs technology in the transmitter and locator have also been used to create another vital signs monitor that differs slightly to the vital signs and receiver bands, an inflatable cuff has been added for the purpose of reading blood pressure with cuff method, supplied band, hospital name tags or bar coded and computer chipped name tag containing patient data for securing monitor, screen for displaying the wearers vital signs, at least one alarm, button and touch screen control, skin contact and optical sensor, ECO thermocouple or similar, active radio communications, printed circuit board, computer chip, spy cam, at least one power source inclusive of solar power, single charger unit, multi charger unit, a battery low indicator to communicate with: A receiver band, said band will include a screen tor displaying information received from said vital signs monitor, active radio communications, printed circuit board, computer chip, at least one power source inclusive of solar power. All of the above aforementioned monitors and receivers will come supplied with communications apps for PC and android phone.
  2. 2. A tracking device according to claim 1, transmitter and locator, wherein the locator unit includes a stowed unique key which interfaces with the interlocking sections of the transmitter unit and is removable to interface with the locator unit so as to prevent separation of said sections or unit by anyone other than the user, a separate unique key will be held with the emergency services.
  3. 3. A tracking device according to either of claims 1, transmitter and locator or 2, wherein an alternative locking device can be used, this will work through DGPS or similar, said locking device is made up of unique number and symbol sequences chosen by the user, said sequence can then be entered into a secure website, said sequence can be changed at any time by user, this will lock and unlock the transmitter or locator unit when in close proximity to each other.
  4. 4. A tracking device according to any one of claims 1, transmitter and locator or 3, with an alternative locking device, said locking device being of users fingertip or fingerprint control, by way of printing them on a key or directly on the transmitter.
  5. 5. A tracking device according to any one of claims 1, transmitter and locator to 4 wherein both transmitter and locator will be adapted for use with an override coded key which can be registered with the emergency services, this has the advantage to be locked in a secure cabinet with break glass or key card entry, be registered on a secure website, once said key is used its exact location will notify the secure website, said keys code will be deactivated after a set period of time which enables said key to be used on more than one person at an incident sight, said key will then be matched to the incident, said key will be recoded and re secured, this will assist in the prevention of misuse.
  6. 6. A tracking device according to any one of claims 1, transmitter and locator to 5 wherein the transmitter unit provides periodic information.
  7. 7. A tracking device according to any one of claims 1, transmitter and locator to 6 wherein the transmitter unit includes skin and optical contact sensors adapted to detect if contact with skin is maintained and aid along with thermocouple and EGG or similar, in relaying vital signs of wearer of transmitter to locator, this gives the advantage of seeking immediate medical attention.
  8. 8. A tracking device according to any one of claims 1. transmitter and locator to 7 wherein the locator includes a skin and optical contact sensor along with thermocouple and EGG or similar to detect the wearers temperature, pulse, heart rate and blood pressure, enabling the user to be alerted to a sudden change in said vital signs, this has the advantage to be any time of day or night and will aid in saving lives when we might not otherwise be aware.
  9. 9. A tracking device according to any one of claims 1, transmitter and locator to 8 wherein the transmitter unit includes at least one button which when pressed for a predetermined amount of time will activate the transmitter unit to send a signal to the locator unit.
  10. 10. A tracking device according to any one of claims 1, transmitter and locator to 9 wherein the transmitter unit includes two buttons which when pressed simultaneously for a predetermined amount of time will activate the transmitter unit to send a signal to the locator unit.
  11. 11. A tracking device according to any one of claims 1, transmitter and locator to 10 wherein the two buttons are located on opposite sides of the transmitter casing unit.
  12. 12. A tracking device according to any one of claims 1, transmitter and locator to 11 wherein a tension indicator in transmitter will alert the locator if the area where the transmitter is worn, swells and the transmitter becomes tight.
  13. 13. A tracking device according to any one of claims 1, transmitter and locator to 12 wherein the locator unit has the option to set a desired range from locator to transmitter for babies small children and animals, if said range is breached the locator will be notified.
  14. 14. A tracking device according to any one of claims 1, transmitter and locator to 13 wherein a spy cam is placed in the transmitter and will send images when the wearer of the transmitter is out of set range or activates panic alarm, this system will also work the two way speakers, neither of these will work continuously for reasons of privacy and children playing with them.
  15. 15. A tracking device according to any one of claims 1, transmitter and locator to 14 wherein the locator unit will have a Slot for spare batteries for both the transmitter and the locator, a battery low indicator will also be included in both the transmitter and locator.
  16. 16. A tracking device according to any one of claims 1, transmitter and locator to 15 wherein the choice for glow in the dark band so as to be able to see screen and buttons so as to activate built in torch when the need arises.
  17. 17. A tracking device according to any one of claims 1, transmitter and locator to 16 wherein the locator and transmitter will have varying means of alarms for different purposes such as distance breach, SOS, vital signs, unauthorised opening of device, and any other alarm requirements.
  18. 18. A tracking device according to any one of claims 1, transmitter and locator to 17 wherein the materials used will be partly waterproof, tamper proof, not easy to cut, strong, durable, noncorrosive, light weight, hypo-allergic for sensitive skin, suitable for constant contact to the skin and not prone to capture bacteria, with a breathable liner for use between the wrist and the unit also.
  19. 19. A tracking device according to any one of claims 1, transmitter and locator to 18 wherein both transmitter and locator will be waterproof so as can be wom in the sea, swimming pool and rain meaning removal is not necessary even in wet conditions.
  20. 20. A tracking device according to any one of claims 1, transmitter and locator to 19 wherein an app for a mobile phone will be provided which will be able to track the transmitter, software for the pc will also be provided and have the added benefits of storing information enabling the user to track the transmitters activity over a period of time.
  21. 21. Vital signs bands according to any one of claims 1, vital signs and receiver bands wherein the vital signs band can be fixed to a baby, child, adult or animal, for the purpose of monitoring the wearers vital signs, temperature, heart rate, pulse and blood pressure but not limited.
  22. 22. Vital signs bands according to any one of claims 1 and 21, vital signs and receiver bands wherein both said bands have screens for the displaying of information.
  23. 23. Vital signs bands according to any one of claims 1,21 and 22, vital signs and receiver bands wherein ECG, thermocouple, optical and skin contact sensors or similar technology, will read the vital signs of the wearer of both bands, this is advantageous to the saving of lives through critical illness where one might not otherwise be aware of these signs without the wearing of the bands.
  24. 24. Vital signs bands according to any one of claims 1, 21, 22 and 23, vital signs and receiver bands, wherein WIFI, blue tooth or similar will be used for the sending and receiving of the vital signs of the wearer of the vital signs band to the receiver band.
  25. 25. Vital signs bands according to any one of claims 1, 21, 22, 23 and 24, vital signs and receiver bands, wherein a two way speaker system is added so as the wearer of the receiver band can communicate and listen to the wearer of the vital signs band.
  26. 26. Vital signs bands according to any one of claims 1, 21, 22, 23, 24 and 25, vital signs and receiver bands, wherein the vital signs band has a spy cam so as the wearer of the receiver band can watch the wearer of the vital signs band as they sleep.
  27. 27. Vital signs bands according to any one of claims 1, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, and 26, vital signs and receiver bands, wherein a tension indicator has been added for reasons of swelling of a limb due to accident or possible insect bite reaction.
  28. 28. Vital signs bands according to any one of claims 1,21,22, 23,24, 25, 26, and 27, vital signs and receiver bands, wherein possibility for glow in the dark and or night light can be added to vital signs band for reasons of comfort whilst sleeping, this method will not be used in the bands for animal use, this will be replaced by DGPS or similar so as the person in charge can find their way to a sick animal, for example in a field.
  29. 29. Vital signs bands according to any one of claims 1,21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, and 28, vital signs and receiver bands, wherein the vital signs and receiving bands will be capable of reading room temperature.
  30. 30. Vital signs bands according to any one of claims 1, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28 and 29, vital signs and receiver bands, wherein the receiver band will be capable of reading water temperature.
  31. 31. Vital signs bands according to any one of claims 1,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29 and 30, vital signs and receiver bands, wherein both said bands will have alarms, by way of flashing light audible or both, for the alerting to serious vital signs change, tension increase and battery low.
  32. 32. Vital signs bands according to any one of claims 1, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, and 31, vital signs and receiver bands, wherein both said bands will be solar light powered with additional long life batteries.
  33. 33. A vital signs monitor according to any one of claims 1, vital signs monitor with receiver band, wherein a touch screen and button control will operate said vital signs monitor.
  34. 34. A vital signs monitor according to anyone of claims 1 and 33, vital signs monitor and receiver band, wherein a skin contact sensor sits on the skin of the wearer and detects with the help of ECG, thermocouple, optical sensor or similar technology, heart rate, pulse, blood pressure and temperature of the wearer, said results will be displayed on said screen and a computer.
  35. 35. A vital signs monitor according to anyone of claims 1, 33 and 34, vital signs monitor and receiver band, wherein a blood pressure cuff can be attached as an alternative or as well as, the optical sensor for the reading of blood pressure, said reading will appear on said screen, cuff will quickly deflate.
  36. 36. A vital signs monitor according to anyone of claims 1, 33, 34 and 35, vital signs monitor and receiver band, wherein a hospital name tag can be thread through a manufactured gap between the monitor and skin contact, this tag can lock the device to the wearer, is readily available and can be changed between patients thus helping with hygiene, said hospital tag can be made with the adding of bar code and computer chip for reasons of holding patient data, these can also be disposable, for public use a lockable band and key will be supplied.
  37. 37. A vital signs monitor according to anyone of claimsl, 33, 34, 35 and 36, vital signs monitor and receiver band, wherein a spy cam can be added to the hospital and veterinary units so as to protect staff and patients alike from false accusations or wrongful treatment, this can be reviewed over a period of time as it will be connected and stored in the computer database.
  38. 38. A vital signs monitor according to any one of claims 1, 33, 34, 35, 36 and 37, vital signs monitor and receiver band, wherein said mentioned connection to computer will be by way of live link so as patient vital signs and information can be viewed by doctors, nurses and veterinarians at their stations on wards.
  39. 39. A vital signs monitor according to any one of claims 1, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37 and 38, vital signs monitor and receiver band, wherein alarms by way of visual, audio or both will alert carers to sudden change in vital signs of the wearer, this is advantageous to the saving of lives when we might not otherwise be aware.
  40. 40. A vital signs monitor according to any one of claims 1, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38 and 39, vital signs monitor and receiver band, wherein said monitor and band will include solar power, long life batteries and be capable of being charged in a charging unit, said charger will be singular for public use and of a much larger capacity for use by hospitals and veterinarians.
  41. 41. A vital signs monitor according to any one of claims 1, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39 and 40, vital signs monitor and receiver band, wherein the materials used will be of waterproof, hypoallergenic, not prone to the capture of bacteria, suitable for sensitive skin, shatter proof and shock proof materials, with a breathable liner for between the skin and monitor.Amendments to the claims have been filed as follows: Claims Monitoring arrangement including: 1. A wearable waterproof and shock resistant touch screen transmitter unit for persons or animals comprising: tamper resistant materials; a liner worn between person's or animal's skin and the transmitter; the unit comprising a band formed of a plurality of interlocking sections wherein at least two of said sections maybe unlocked, said sections also being added/removed to alter the size of the band; a casing housing electronics including active radio communications; a printed circuit board; a microchip; a tracking transceiver for purpose of tracking device; a user interface; at least one button for sending a panic alert; a vital signs sensor reading by way of ECG, a thermocouple, a skin contact sensor and an optical sensor; a tension indicator; at least one alarm; a spy camera; a speaker at least one lock mechanism; a fingerprint reader; a room temperature reader; a numerical code locking/unlocking means; a torch; glow in the dark band; a power source including solar power; a slot for a spare battery; a low battery indicator; and a slot for an emergency key; the emergency key consists of a secure box with key card or break glass entry, a coded key and a secure database: the transmitter being arranged to communicate with; C') A wearable waterproof and shock resistant receiver unit comprising; a liner worn between a person's skin and the receiver; the unit being formed from a plurality of interlocking sections 0 wherein at least two of the sections may be unlocked; a unique stowed key; the unit being adapted to process information including identification information received from the transmitter unit; a touch screen to display the information; at least one button; a sequence of numbers, letters and symbols for coded locking and unlocking; a water temperature reader; a room temperature reader; a vital signs sensor reading by way of ECG, a thermocouple, a skin contact sensor, an optical sensor; means for receiving vital signs of the wearer of the transmitter unit; a printed circuit board; a microchip; a torch; glow in the dark band; a speaker; at least one locking mechanism; at least one alarm; a power source including solar power; a slot for a spare battery, a low battery indicator and a slot for an emergency key.2. A transmitter unit and receiver unit according to claim 1 wherein the touch screen on the receiver unit is arranged to display information, including mapping, said screen when swiped in a first direction will track the transmitter unit up to a predetermined distance, said screen when swiped in a second direction opposite to the first direction will track the transmitter unit greater than the predetermined distance, the receiver unit can also be of a smart phone or PC.3. A transmitter unit and receiver unit according to claim 1 or 2 wherein the unique stowed key is removable and is arranged to interface with interlocking sections of the transmitter unit whereby separation of the sections is limited to the user of the receiver unit.4. A transmitter unit and receiver unit according to claims ito 3 wherein an alternative locking device can be used, said locking device is made up of a unique code and can be input at an input device, which is optionally the screen, the input device can take the form of an input keypad or mechanical locking barrel or any other electronic or electro-mechanical or mechanical device which permits the inclusion of a 4, 5, or 6 digit combination, the number of combinations can be increased by permitting the use of letters as well as characters, such as & or $ or #, thereby creating a very high level of security, on the basis that so many possible combinations can be achieved with a 4, 5 or 6 code feature lock, the code can be backed up on a secure website, for example at the database, so that the user can input their own code directly via a connection to a secure sight, as well as input this into the band locally, code matching may then be performed either at the database or locally on the band, transmission between the two is via a telecommunication such as DGPS' or similar and this can be used to set the code, once used again this code then acts to lock and unlock the transmitter by communicating with the communication device, which again can be performed locally, that is at the device or remotely via telecommunication link.5. A transmitter unit and receiver unit according to claims ito 4, wherein an alternative locking device can be used, said locking device being of user fingerprint, directly onto the device. C')6. A transmitter unit and receiver unit according to claims ito 5 wherein both transmitter unit 0 and receiver unit will be adapted for use with an override coded key which will be registered with the emergency services, this will be locked in a secure box with key card or break glass entry, be registered on a secure website, once said key is used its exact location will notify the (0 secure website, said keys code will be deactivated after a set period of time which enables said key to be used on more than one person at an incident sight, said key will then be matched to the incident, said key will be recoded and re secured.7. A transmitter unit and receiver unit according to claims 1 to 6 wherein the transmitter unit provides periodic information of vital signs and location then relays the information to the receiver unit using active radio communication.8. A transmitter unit and receiver unit according to claims 1 to 7 wherein the transmitter unit and receiver unit includes skin contact and optical sensors adapted to detect if contact with the skin is maintained and aid along with thermocouple and ECG in relaying the vital signs of the wearer of transmitter unit and the receiver unit.9. A transmitter unit and receiver unit according to claims 1 to 8 wherein the transmitter unit and the receiver unit will work on a mixture of solar power and long life batteries and be capable of being charged in a charging unit, said charger will be singular for public use and of a multiple capacity for use by hospitals, care homes and veterinarians.10. A transmitter unit and receiver unit according to claims ito 9 wherein a variety of alarms by way of visual, audio or both will alert the wearer of the receiver unit and carers to sudden changes in vital signs, distance breech, panic alert, swelling of a limb of the wearer of the transmitter unit and low battery on the transmitter unit and the receiver unit.11. A transmitter unit and receiver unit according to claims 1 to 10 wherein a connection to a computer will be by way of live link so as patient vital signs and information can be viewed by doctors, nurses and veterinarians at their stations on wards.12. A transmitter unit and receiver unit according to claims ito 11 wherein the spy camera has been added for reasons of protecting staff and patients alike from false accusation or wrongful treatment, this can be reviewed over a period of time as it will be connected and stored in a computer database.13. A transmitter unit and receiver unit according to claims 1 to 12 wherein an already supplied hospital name tag or a tag with added barcode and microchip to hold patient details can be C') used to attach the differently designed transmitter to a patient or animal thread through a manufactured gap between the monitor and skin contact, this tag can lock the device to the O wearer, is readily available and can be changed between patients thus helping with hygiene, this design also has a detachable blood pressure cuff, all results will be displayed on the touch screen provided. (014. A transmitter unit and receiver unit according to claims ito 13 wherein the glow in the dark band is supplied with the transmitter unit and receiver unit for reasons of seeing and being seen in the dark.15. A transmitter and receiver unit according to claims 1 to 14 wherein the speaker of the transmitter unit and receiver unit allow for two way communication.16. A transmitter and receiver unit according to claims 1 to 15 wherein the tension indicator is fitted in the transmitter unit to alert the receiver unit by means of an alarm, if any sudden swelling occurs to the limb where the transmitter unit is affixed to.17. A transmitter unit and receiver unit according to claims ito i6 wherein two buttons are added on opposite sides of the transmitter unit which includes the tracking transceiver, when pressed simultaneously for a predetermined amount of time, a panic alert will be sent to the receiver unit, the location of the wearer of the transmitter unit will appear on the screen of the receiver unit.18. A transmitter unit and receiver unit according to claims ito 17 wherein the transmitter unit can be linked to GP and emergency services. C') r (0 r
GB1308082.5A 2012-09-13 2013-05-03 Transmitter and receiving units Active GB2505981B (en)

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GBGB1302667.9A GB201302667D0 (en) 2012-09-13 2013-02-15 Angel eye
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GB201306449D0 (en) 2013-05-22
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GB201216327D0 (en) 2012-10-24
GB201302667D0 (en) 2013-04-03

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