GB2500805A - Removable Blast Protection - Google Patents

Removable Blast Protection Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2500805A
GB2500805A GB201305091A GB201305091A GB2500805A GB 2500805 A GB2500805 A GB 2500805A GB 201305091 A GB201305091 A GB 201305091A GB 201305091 A GB201305091 A GB 201305091A GB 2500805 A GB2500805 A GB 2500805A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
blast
cabin
modular
detachable
panels
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB201305091A
Other versions
GB201305091D0 (en
GB2500805B (en
Inventor
Jeff Mears
Dan Russell
Walter John Budd
Craig F Hughes
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Navistar Defense Engineering LLC
Original Assignee
Navistar Defense Engineering LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201261615688P priority Critical
Application filed by Navistar Defense Engineering LLC filed Critical Navistar Defense Engineering LLC
Publication of GB201305091D0 publication Critical patent/GB201305091D0/en
Publication of GB2500805A publication Critical patent/GB2500805A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of GB2500805B publication Critical patent/GB2500805B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H5/00Armour; Armour plates
    • F41H5/013Mounting or securing armour plates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H7/00Armoured or armed vehicles
    • F41H7/02Land vehicles with enclosing armour, e.g. tanks
    • F41H7/04Armour construction
    • F41H7/042Floors or base plates for increased land mine protection

Abstract

A detachable blast protection structure 10, for use as underbelly protection for a personnel cabin for a vehicle, comprises at least one modular section. The modular section is attachable to the underbody via means for attaching and detaching the modular sections to the underbody.

Description

REMOVABLE BLAST PROTECTION

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application claims the benefit of U. S Provisional Patent Application Serial No. 61/615,688 filed on March 26, 2012.

TECHNICAL HELD

[0092] The present device relates to a protective armor for critical areas of vehicles, including underbody armor for military vehicles. More specifically, the device relates to a attachable/detachable blast protection structure and attachment means for use on a personnel cabin when needed to protect the vehicle occupants from blast energy and fragmentation resulting from an improvised explosive device (TED),

BACKGROUND

[0003] Armored vehicles are threatened by TEDs designed to cause harm to the vehicle and its occupants. IEDs are found in either a pure blast mode which is comprised of a detonation of a mass of explosive material, or a fragmentation device which is made of one or more grouped artillery shells redeployed and detonated in an effort to inflict casualties, Harm from these devices typically comes in the fonD of high pressure blast energy or blast energy and ballistic fragmentation in the following predominant ways: (1) rapid surface pressure and destructive hull deformation resulting in hull breach and direct occupant exposure to blast pressures and intense heat; (2) high velocity, hull andior floor accelerations resulting in occupant incapacities; and (3) high velocity fragmentation passing through armor and impacting occupants. :1.

[0004] Armor countermeasures typically consist of heavy metal structure placed between the threat and the vehicle occupants in such a way as to resist hull breach and aggressive floor accelerations. These heavy metal structures may also work in concert with layers of additional metal, ceramic, composite or plastic materials designed to prevent lethal high velocity fragments from entering the vehicle. The heavy meta' structures are typically mounted to the underside of the vehicle in various shapes in an effort to take advantage of shape efficiency and deflection characteristics when presented with incoming pressure and fragmentation. Carrying heavy blast and fragment resistant hulls results in significant performance disadvantage to the vehicle in terms of reduced fuel economy, lost cargo capacity and increased transportation shipping costs, as well as, weight challenges for the environment the vehicles operate in.

[0005] Therefore, it would be advantageous to have the option to attach and detach a blast protection structure, depending on the requirements of the situation and environment the vehide will be subjected to. The present device is a removable blast protection structure having an attachment/detachment means, which permits the structure to be easily attached and detached from a vehicle depending on the specific situation. The structure is designed to protect the occupants from blast energy and fragmentation. and because it is offered as modular sections or panels, can be customized to meet different levels of threats depending on the unique operational situation.

SUMMARY

[0006] There is disclosed herein an improved system and method for protecting a personnel cabin of a military vehicle which avoids the disadvantages of prior systems while affording additional structural and costs advantages.

[0007] Generally speaking, the present device is a detachable blast structure for use as an exterior underbody protection of a personnel cabin for a vehicle. The blast structure comprises at least one modular section attachable to a side of the underbody, and means for attaching and detaching the modular sections to the underbody.

[0008] In another embodiment, an armored blast system for attachment to and detachment from a vehicle having a cabin hull is disclosed. The armored blast system comprises a plurality of modular panels separately attachable to and removable from a portion of the cabin hull and a means for attaching and detaching the panels.

[0009] In yet another embodiment, an amiored blast system for attachment to and detachment from a vehicle having a cabin hull is disclosed. The armored blast system comprises a plurality of modular panels separately attachable to and removable from a portion of the cabin hull, a means for attaching and detaching the panels, and a comb and wedge fastening system.

wherein a blast load is transferred between the modular panels and the cabin hull through the comb and wedge fastening system.

[0010] These and other features and advantages of the present detachable blast structure can be more readily understood from the following detailed discussion with reference to the appended drawing figures.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0011] FIG. 1 is all isometric underbody view of a portion of a persoimel cabin with the detachable blast protection structure; [0012] FIG. 2 is perspective view of a portion of a personnel Cahill with the detachable blast protection structure removed to show the interface; [0013] FIG. 3 is a front cross-section view of a portion of a personnel cabin (12) with the detachable blast protection structure; [0014] FIG. 4 is cut-away view of a personnel cabin with the detachable blast protection structure removed to show the comb and wedge fastening system; [0015] FIG. SA and FiG. SB are perspective views of the comb and wedge fastening system: and, [0016] FIG. 6A and Fig. GB are other views of the comb and wedge fastening system.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0017] Referring to FIGS. l-6B, there is illustrated an embodiment of the detachable blast protection structure generally designated by the numeral 10. as well as the components thereof.

The device 10 is designed for use as a removable blast structure to provide additional blast protection to the personnel cabin 12 of a vehicle, particularly a military vehicle, which is used in war-zones for transporting personnel or cargo, However, other military vehicles may also be retro-fitted with embodiments of the present device 10 to protect both military personnel as well as components of the propulsion system (e.g.. drive axles, engine, etc.) when the vehicle encounters an explosive device.

[0018] Specifically, when needed, the blast structure 10 is designed to attach to an underbody interface 14, forming the underside of the cabin 12. It should be understood, however, that the blast structure can be attached to any portion of the cabin needing additional protection. In this manner, the blast structure 10 functions to diminish or halt certain classes of ballistic and blast threats, while providing a structural and automotive function as part of the occupant cabin and/or hull of the vehicle.

[0019] Armored vehicles having integrated blast solutions are often extremely heavy to begin with, and face weight challenges in the environments they operate. Additionally, because of their weight, such vehicles are often a challenge for transporting to locations where they are needed. Thus, it would be advantageous to have an attachable/detachable blast system, which permits the attachment of a blast structure only when needed, or alternatively, provides the option to remove a large portion of the weight on the vehicle so it can be transported, and/or not carry weight that is not needed.

[0020] The underbody interface section 14 of the vehicle is generally configured having a mounting flange to accept the load transfer comb/key structures 50, 51 and allow bolting of the underbody blast protection structure 10 to the cabin 12. Alternative embodiments and configurations of the underbody can include curvilinear, saddle and sinusoidal shapes. While a specific shape or embodiment will be iflustrated. it should be understood that other contigurations, such as those created by sharper, rectangular. or square lines, and peaks and valleys, may also be used in creating the configuration of the underbody.

[0021] The plurality of high and low areas of the underbody section 14 plus the blast protection structure 10 create deflection faces and venting openings, or blast surfaces, which deflect and vent the blast and resulting fragmentation away from the interior of the cabin 12, as well as, provide separation distances for separating the interior of the cabin from the blast force.

The high and low areas of the underbody section 14 plus the blast protection structure 10 further act to dissipate the force of the explosion. The blast structure 10 of the present disclosure is designed to be attachable and detachable to the various shapes of the underbody of the vehicle, and the modular characteristic of the blast structure provides various options, and are customizable for attachment to the possible shape variations of the underbody.

[0022] In addition to the blast protection structure 10 shown in FTC, 3 a plurality of modular sections or panels can be added to provide additional protection from artillery shell based lED's which present a fragmentation hazard to the vehicle occupants. While the embodiment of FIG. 3 shows at least four separate additional modular sections or panels 18. 20, 22, 24. which in combination with the removable blast pands comprise the underbody protection system 10, it should be understood that any number of sections or panels may be used depending on the design of the cabin hull. The modular sections or panels 18, 20, 22, 24 may be a solid structure, or constructed as a layered composite structure. As a solid structure, the sections or panels may be constructed from high-strength low-alloy steel, a hardened aluminum, or high carbon steel, or any combination of these materials [0023] Attachment of the blast structure to the cabin hull can be accomplished by any known attaching and detaching means, such as a fastener. Examples of fasteners include screws or bolts 30, which are commonly used to attach the individual panels to the chassis. Regardless of the type of fastener used, it should be compatible with standard tools that can be carried in the field, quickly attachable and detachable, and readily available.

[0024] During a blast event, the energy loading between the base hull cabin 12 and the blast protection structure 10 is transferred through the use of a unique comb 50 and key or wedge 51 design. In this design, the comb material is loaded in shear as the two separate components -the removable blast protection 10 and the cabin hull 12 -are forced either apart or together by the explosive force of the blast. The key or wedge 51 component of the system keeps the comb structure 50 fully engaged between the cabin hull 12 and the removable blast protection structure 10.

[0025] FIGS. 4, 5A, 5B, 6A and 6B, the load transfer from the removable blast protection structures 10 to the cabin structures 121s achieved partly by fasteners and metal to metal contact.

In addition, and to ensure a significant portion of the blast load is transferred properly to the cabin walls 16, the comb and wedge fastening system is also employed as an attachment means to secure the blast protection structures to the cabin structures. When installed, the combs 50 and wedges 5 1 act to both transfer vertical blast forces from the face of the blast protection structures i 0 directly to the cabin I 2 side walls and tunnel structures 52 and, more securely connect the blast protection structures 10 to the cab 12 side walls and tunnel structures 52 than fasteners alone. When properly sized for the structure and blast loads, the combs 50 and wedges 51 comprise a system with sufficient fastening and load transfer capability to prevent breach and enable the blast load path to enter the vertical members of the cabin structure 12.

[0026] The attachable/ removable blast protection structure 10 of the present disclosure is designed to meet or exceed military requirements for hull breach and occupant performance criteria when subjected to a given type of blast threat, In addition, the blast structure meets the requirements for minimal floor (subiloor) deformation and tactical load requirements, while being manufactured at competitive costs. Finally, the blast structure and its modular components provide the advantage of accommodating various shapes of vehicles, and are independently attachable/detachable to meet weight and levels of protection requirements.

Claims (17)

  1. CLAIMS1. A detachable blast structure for use as an exterior underbody protection for a personnel cabin for a vehicle, the structure comprising: at least one modular section attachable to a side of the underbody; means for attaching and detaching the modular sections to the underbody.
  2. 2. The detachable blast structure of claim I, wherein the modular sections are comprised of at least one material selected from the group consisting of a high-strength low-alloy steel, a hardened aluminum, or a high carbon steel.
  3. 3. The detachable blast structure of claim I, wherein an air gap is formed between the attached modular sections and the intenor of the cabin.
  4. 4. The detachable blast structure of claim 1, wherein an air gap is formed between the attached modular sections and a blast center.
  5. 5. The detachable blast structure of claim 1, wherein the means for attaching and detaching comprises a fastener.
  6. 6. The detachable blast structure of claim 5, wherein a blast load is transferred between the detachable blast structure and the cabin through the use of a load transfer comb/key component.S
  7. 7. The detachable blast structure of claim 1, further comprising at least one exterior shield structure formed within at least one modular section.
  8. 8. An armored blast system for attachment to and detachment from a vehicle having a cabin hull, the system comprising: a plurality of modular panels attachable to and removable from a portion of the cabin hull; and, a means for attaching and detaching the panels.
  9. 9. The armored blast system of claim 8, wherein the modular panels are comprised of a multi-layered structure.
  10. 10. The armored blast system of claim 9, wherein the modular panels are separately attachaffle to the cabin hull.
  11. 11. The armored blast system of claim 10, wherein the modular panels are separately attachable to an underbody of the cabin hull.
  12. 12. The armored blast system of claim 10, wherein the modular panels are separately attachaHe to a blast center of the cabin hull.
  13. 13. The armored blast system of claim 8, wherein the means for attaching and detaching the panels include fasteners.
  14. 14. The armored blast system of claim 8, further comprising at least one exterior shield structure formed within the modular panels.
  15. 1 5. An armored blast protection system for attachment to and detachment from a vehicle having a cabin hull, the system comprising: a plurality of modular panels attachable to and removable from a portion of the cabin hull; a means for attaching and detaching the panels; and, a comb and wedge fastening system, wherein a blast load is transferred between the modular panels and the cabin hull through the comb and wedge fastening system.
  16. 16. A detachable blast structure as hereinbefore descnbed and as shown in the Figures.
  17. 17. An armored blast protection system as hereinbefore described and as shown in the Figures.
GB201305091A 2012-03-26 2013-03-20 Removable blast protection Active GB2500805B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201261615688P true 2012-03-26 2012-03-26

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GB2500805A true GB2500805A (en) 2013-10-02
GB2500805B GB2500805B (en) 2014-05-07

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US (1) US20140150633A1 (en)
CA (1) CA2809607A1 (en)
GB (1) GB2500805B (en)
IL (1) IL225344D0 (en)

Cited By (3)

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US20130205981A1 (en) * 2010-04-23 2013-08-15 Krauss-Maffei Wegmann Gmbh Vehicle Floor Pan Comprising Auxiliary Armoring
GB2506272A (en) * 2012-08-31 2014-03-26 Int Truck Intellectual Prop Co Blast protection attachment
FR3013670A1 (en) * 2013-11-22 2015-05-29 Nexter Systems CASH STRUCTURE

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US9163910B2 (en) * 2011-11-22 2015-10-20 Bae Systems Tactical Vehicle Systems Lp Armored cab for light tactical vehicles
CA2809605C (en) * 2012-03-26 2018-12-04 Navistar Defense Engineering, Llc Load transfer device
US9038523B2 (en) * 2012-08-24 2015-05-26 International Truck Intellectual Property Company, Llc Vehicle floor
US8826796B1 (en) * 2013-01-31 2014-09-09 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Tapered V underbody protection enhancement
CN104386143A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-03-04 北奔重型汽车集团有限公司 Cab having protection ability
JP6452716B2 (en) * 2014-11-20 2019-01-16 三菱重工業株式会社 Armor and vehicle
US10495419B1 (en) * 2017-04-27 2019-12-03 Oshkosh Defense, Llc Vehicle armor systems and methods
US20190310055A1 (en) * 2018-04-09 2019-10-10 Pratt & Miller Engineering and Fabrication, Inc. Blast deflector

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EP1574812A1 (en) * 2004-03-09 2005-09-14 Giat Industries Floor for military or civil vehicle for protecting against land mines
US20070084337A1 (en) * 2004-02-18 2007-04-19 Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeug Ag & Co. Kg Mine-detonation-resistant understructure for a vehicle
GB2472717A (en) * 2009-04-10 2011-02-16 Force Prot Technologies Inc Kit for blast resistant vehicle
WO2011139307A2 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-11-10 Force Protection Technologies, Inc Mine resistant vehicle flexible underbody layer
US20120255428A1 (en) * 2010-12-01 2012-10-11 Ceradyne, Inc. V-shaped blast shield for protection against IEDs
WO2013036924A1 (en) * 2011-09-09 2013-03-14 Bae Systems Land & Armaments L.P. Armored vehicle with bolt-on bottom

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US7712409B2 (en) * 2005-12-20 2010-05-11 Armor Holdings, Inc. Modular body for use on an armored vehicle
WO2008069807A1 (en) * 2005-12-22 2008-06-12 Blackwater Lodge And Training Center Llc Armored vehicle with blast deflecting hull
US7997182B1 (en) * 2007-08-16 2011-08-16 Timothy J. Cox Protective hull for vehicles
IL196456D0 (en) * 2009-01-12 2009-12-24 Shlomo Birger Uderbelly of armord vehicle

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070084337A1 (en) * 2004-02-18 2007-04-19 Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeug Ag & Co. Kg Mine-detonation-resistant understructure for a vehicle
EP1574812A1 (en) * 2004-03-09 2005-09-14 Giat Industries Floor for military or civil vehicle for protecting against land mines
GB2472717A (en) * 2009-04-10 2011-02-16 Force Prot Technologies Inc Kit for blast resistant vehicle
WO2011139307A2 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-11-10 Force Protection Technologies, Inc Mine resistant vehicle flexible underbody layer
US20120255428A1 (en) * 2010-12-01 2012-10-11 Ceradyne, Inc. V-shaped blast shield for protection against IEDs
WO2013036924A1 (en) * 2011-09-09 2013-03-14 Bae Systems Land & Armaments L.P. Armored vehicle with bolt-on bottom

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20130205981A1 (en) * 2010-04-23 2013-08-15 Krauss-Maffei Wegmann Gmbh Vehicle Floor Pan Comprising Auxiliary Armoring
US9157704B2 (en) * 2010-04-23 2015-10-13 Krauss-Maffei Wegmann Gmbh & Co. Kg Vehicle floor pan comprising auxiliary armoring
GB2506272A (en) * 2012-08-31 2014-03-26 Int Truck Intellectual Prop Co Blast protection attachment
GB2506272B (en) * 2012-08-31 2015-06-24 Int Truck Intellectual Prop Co Blast protection attachment
FR3013670A1 (en) * 2013-11-22 2015-05-29 Nexter Systems CASH STRUCTURE

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
IL225344D0 (en) 2013-07-31
GB201305091D0 (en) 2013-05-01
US20140150633A1 (en) 2014-06-05
GB2500805B (en) 2014-05-07
CA2809607A1 (en) 2013-09-26

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