GB2498707A - Glenohumeral joint protractors - Google Patents

Glenohumeral joint protractors Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2498707A
GB2498707A GB1200589.8A GB201200589A GB2498707A GB 2498707 A GB2498707 A GB 2498707A GB 201200589 A GB201200589 A GB 201200589A GB 2498707 A GB2498707 A GB 2498707A
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United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
text
gt
lt
protractors
handles
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB1200589.8A
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GB201200589D0 (en
Inventor
Hippolite Onyejiaka Amadi
Original Assignee
Hippolite Onyejiaka Amadi
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hippolite Onyejiaka Amadi filed Critical Hippolite Onyejiaka Amadi
Priority to GB1200589.8A priority Critical patent/GB2498707A/en
Publication of GB201200589D0 publication Critical patent/GB201200589D0/en
Publication of GB2498707A publication Critical patent/GB2498707A/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/103Detecting, measuring or recording devices for testing the shape, pattern, colour, size or movement of the body or parts thereof, for diagnostic purposes
    • A61B5/107Measuring physical dimensions, e.g. size of the entire body or parts thereof
    • A61B5/1071Measuring physical dimensions, e.g. size of the entire body or parts thereof measuring angles, e.g. using goniometers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/45For evaluating or diagnosing the musculoskeletal system or teeth
    • A61B5/4504Bones
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/45For evaluating or diagnosing the musculoskeletal system or teeth
    • A61B5/4528Joints
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2/4657Measuring instruments used for implanting artificial joints
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B34/00Computer-aided surgery; Manipulators or robots specially adapted for use in surgery
    • A61B34/10Computer-aided planning, simulation or modelling of surgical operations
    • A61B2034/101Computer-aided simulation of surgical operations
    • A61B2034/105Modelling of the patient, e.g. for ligaments or bones
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B34/00Computer-aided surgery; Manipulators or robots specially adapted for use in surgery
    • A61B34/10Computer-aided planning, simulation or modelling of surgical operations
    • A61B2034/108Computer aided selection or customisation of medical implants or cutting guides

Abstract

The protractors are used to measure the circumferential location of points or regions relative to the anatomical neck of the humerus and the rim of the glenoid face of the scapula. The humerus compenent comprises a flat graduated ring 10 designed to pass through the hemispherical humeral head 4 to fit appropriately on the anatomical neck. The ring is divided into angled segments. The humeral component may also comprise a hemispherical cap 11 with finger grips 12. The glenoid component 8 is a pear shaped measuring piece. The rim is divided into angled segments. The glenoid component may additionally comprise a handle 9.

Description

GLENOHUMERAL JOINT (GHJ) PROTRACTORS

Background

This invention concerns a measuring device that assists to locate or describe points of interests relative to the bony articulation rims of the glenohumeral joint (GHJ).

Anatomical cadaveric works, surgical planning and surgical procedures often require the description and identification of points of interest such as places of construction, spots of defects and anatomical structures requiring further investigation. Presently such identifications are done by eye-balling' estimations based on the practitioner's experience. This does not efficiently produce reliable descriptions to achieve accurate intra-and inter-subject repetition and re-identification.

Statement of invention

The present invention is therefore presenting two complimentary components of measurement Protractors concomitant to the shapes of the articulating portions of the two GHJ bones, namely the Humerus and the Scapula, with appropriately fitting handles to assist easy positioning and adjustment of the protractors during usage.

Advantages: These are used to measure the circumferential location of points or regions relative to (a) the rim of the anatomical neck for the Humerus for the humeral-component' and (b) the rim of the glenoid face of the Scapula for the glenoid-component'. These can be used to describe location of bone defects or attachment of soft tissues on the Joint's bones thereby aiding disease diagnosis and the planning of repair interventions. These can also be used intra-operatively to aid in the absolute location of desired points of bony constructions during surgery. These can be applied for anatomical shape studies and other related anatomical investigations of the articulating bones and soft tissues. The two compliment protractors are made in different sizes to accommodate the wide variety of anatomical sizes of human GHJ bones as defined in the literature; all sizes having the same or slightly different aspect ratios in width and height. This hence makes it possible to apply in wide range of cases, specimens and patients.

Introduction of drawings

Further description of this invention is described following labelling of the accompanying drawings: -Figure 1 shows the articulating GHJ bones namely, the scapula and humerus -Figure 2 shows the scapula and humerus with their respective invented protractor in place -Figure 3 shows the graduated base of the Humeral-component -Figure 4 shows the graduation versions of the Glenoid-component -Figure 5 shows the construction steps and protractor handles

Detailed description

The two constituent bones of the glenohumeral joint, scapula 1 and humerus 2, anatomically articulate with their glenoid 3 and humeral-head 4, respectively. The glenoid-component 8 and humeral-component 10 of the devised protractors are made to conform to the anatomical shapes of their respective structures of measurement.

(i) Basic Shape (a) Humeral Component: A flat graduated hollow ring 10, designed to pass through the hemispherical humeral head 4 to fit appropriately on the anatomical neck 6. Appropriate size selection during usage for individual patient is subject to the user. However by standards, the choice is based on the hollow dimension' 13 that could comfortably pass through the humeral head cartilage surface to sit on the anatomical neck 6 but not too wobbly to independently move during measurement.

The flat rim of the ring is divided into thirty-six equal segments 14 unto which a graduation of 0°-to-360°' is affixed. The direction of increasing graduation could be clockwise 14 or anti-clockwise 15, being suitable for anterior-wise measurement on the left and right shoulders respectively.

(b) Glenoid Component: This measuring piece is cut in the basic pear-shape of the glenoid 3. Approximate size to use during application is chosen based on the closest dimension to the specimen's or patient's actual glenoid height 20 and width 21 to enable a read-out without much eye-balling estimation. The rim of the object is divided into thirty-six unequal segments. The broader bottom end of the pear shape is a circular segment 18 of which thirty-six equal divisions are outwardly projected to provide the main thirty-six object segments round the rim of the protractor 19. A 0°-to-360°' coordinate system is graduated round the rim following the thirty-six segments. The origin or 1O0 mark could be made to be positioned at any prominent anatomical reference landmark with the rest of the graduation proceeding either clockwise 22 or anticlockwise 17. This would be based on the specifications by intending users. However, the default design is such that graduation proceeds in the anatomical anterior direction with the 00 mark located superiorly at the position of the supraglenoid tubercle 7. Graduation could also be made internally round a conforming inscribed circle 16 at the lower half of the protractor (Figure 4).

(ii) Handle (a) Humeral Component: This is a hemispherical cap' 11 with a filling diameter relative to the hollow portion 13 of the humeral protractor object. This is fitted and assembled into the object to form one piece or made to be detachable. Outward projections are constructed on the surface of the cap to form finger traps' 12 to aid rotation adjustments of the protractor when aligning this to its anatomical reference point during application.

(b) Glenoid Component: This is an additional outwardly projecting material 9 affixed at the internal central area for use as handle. Handle is designed for a comfortable grip when aligning protractor with its anatomical reference on the specimen. By default, this is designed to be similar but not limited to the figure 8' shape of a rubber-stamp' handle.

This could be assembled by gluing to form one piece with protractor or be made a detachable unit.

MATERIAL: The manufacturing material should, by default, be transparent in the form of glassy, transparent plastic, Perspex or other materials for versions meant for cadaveric, clinical and surgical planning jobs that may be performed at room temperatures. Versions for use during intra-operative procedures are manufactured with tempered materials that can withstand the high pressure of the autoclave during sterilization.

CONSTRUCTION: The segmental divisions of the circles used in the creation of the protractor graduations is achieved by basic mathematical geographic construction techniques 23 or with any available software package that can aid the division of a circle into any given number of equal segments. This is followed by the imprinting of the graduations 14 as appropriate, the trimming of the outer rim and 19, the carving out of the inner humeral-component hole and finally the affixation of the handles.

Claims (1)

  1. <claim-text>Claims 1 Two complimenting components of measurement Protractors concomitant to the shape of the articulating portions of the two GHJ bones, namely the Humerus and the Scapula, with appropriately fitting handles to assist easy positioning of the protractors during usage.</claim-text> <claim-text>2 Protractors as in claim 1, in which components are manufactured with a see-through' material.</claim-text> <claim-text>3 Production material according to claim 2, in which the intra-operative version could be on tempered and autoclave-able material for sterilisation.</claim-text> <claim-text>4 Production material according to claim 2, in which the pre-operative surgical planning and intra-operative versions could also be a numerical computer version that could be superimposed on a digital image of the GHJ bone for measurements off digital medical images.</claim-text> <claim-text>Numerical version according to claim 4, in which this is integrated into any existing image guidance and navigation software for surgical interventions and anatomical studies.</claim-text> <claim-text>6 Protractors as in claim 1, in which the handles may be permanently fixed or detachable.</claim-text> <claim-text>7 Protractor handles as in claim 6, in which the humeral component incorporates finger-traps' for ease of rotation during usage; and the glenoid component incorporates shapes for firm gripping with the fingers.</claim-text>
GB1200589.8A 2012-01-13 2012-01-13 Glenohumeral joint protractors Withdrawn GB2498707A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB1200589.8A GB2498707A (en) 2012-01-13 2012-01-13 Glenohumeral joint protractors

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB1200589.8A GB2498707A (en) 2012-01-13 2012-01-13 Glenohumeral joint protractors

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB201200589D0 GB201200589D0 (en) 2012-02-29
GB2498707A true GB2498707A (en) 2013-07-31

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB1200589.8A Withdrawn GB2498707A (en) 2012-01-13 2012-01-13 Glenohumeral joint protractors

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (1) GB2498707A (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040193175A1 (en) * 2003-03-31 2004-09-30 Maroney Brian J Arthroplasty sizing gauge
US20060149288A1 (en) * 2004-12-30 2006-07-06 Howmedica Osteonics Corp. Arm angle indicator
WO2007004055A1 (en) * 2005-06-03 2007-01-11 Laurent Lafosse Instrument for use in a joint replacement procedure
US20070191741A1 (en) * 2006-02-15 2007-08-16 Chung Yuan Christian University Image analysis methods for gleno-humeral joint morphology

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040193175A1 (en) * 2003-03-31 2004-09-30 Maroney Brian J Arthroplasty sizing gauge
US20060149288A1 (en) * 2004-12-30 2006-07-06 Howmedica Osteonics Corp. Arm angle indicator
WO2007004055A1 (en) * 2005-06-03 2007-01-11 Laurent Lafosse Instrument for use in a joint replacement procedure
US20070191741A1 (en) * 2006-02-15 2007-08-16 Chung Yuan Christian University Image analysis methods for gleno-humeral joint morphology

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
Design right 4019723 *
Design right 4019724 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB201200589D0 (en) 2012-02-29

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