GB2468161A - A cladding element with integral hook-shaped mounting member - Google Patents

A cladding element with integral hook-shaped mounting member Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2468161A
GB2468161A GB0903472A GB0903472A GB2468161A GB 2468161 A GB2468161 A GB 2468161A GB 0903472 A GB0903472 A GB 0903472A GB 0903472 A GB0903472 A GB 0903472A GB 2468161 A GB2468161 A GB 2468161A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
cladding
mounting
building
support
shaped
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB0903472A
Other versions
GB0903472D0 (en
Inventor
Kevin Greaves
Bill Dunster
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BILL DUNSTER ARCHITECTS ZED FA
Aggregate Industries UK Ltd
Original Assignee
BILL DUNSTER ARCHITECTS ZED FA
Aggregate Industries UK Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB0903397A priority Critical patent/GB0903397D0/en
Application filed by BILL DUNSTER ARCHITECTS ZED FA, Aggregate Industries UK Ltd filed Critical BILL DUNSTER ARCHITECTS ZED FA
Publication of GB0903472D0 publication Critical patent/GB0903472D0/en
Publication of GB2468161A publication Critical patent/GB2468161A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/14Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements stone or stone-like materials, e.g. ceramics concrete; of glass or with an outer layer of stone or stone-like materials or glass
    • E04F13/142Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements stone or stone-like materials, e.g. ceramics concrete; of glass or with an outer layer of stone or stone-like materials or glass with an outer layer of ceramics or clays
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0801Separate fastening elements
    • E04F13/0803Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements
    • E04F13/0805Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements with additional fastening elements between furring elements and the wall
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0801Separate fastening elements
    • E04F13/0803Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements
    • E04F13/081Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements with additional fastening elements between furring elements and covering elements
    • E04F13/083Hooking means on the back side of the covering elements

Abstract

A cladding element 102 for mounting on a wall of a building, comprising a front surface; and a rear portion, which includes a mounting member 202. The mounting member is preferably located near to the top of the cladding element and extends along its length. The mounting member preferably has a hook-shaped profile defining recess 208 which corresponds to an upward-angled projection 116 on a horizontal support rail 110 attached to the building. The support rail may be supported in turn by cross-battens. The support rail and battens may both be timber. The upper and lower edges of the cladding preferably have corresponding profiles and are in use bonded together using lime cement. The cladding element may comprise extruded terracotta or moulded concrete. In use, the mounting member and optionally further projections on the rear portion of the cladding element, keep the main body of the cladding spaced from the wall of the building, thereby providing an insulating gap.

Description

A cladding element and method of cladding The present invention relates to construction technologies, and more particularly to a cladding element and method of cladding.
A problem with buildings constructed many years or many decades ago is that the external appearance has deteriorated with time; and demolishing buildings and replacing them with new build can present logistical problems. Further, existing elderly buildings often perform poorly in terms of thermal insulation and protection from noise poflution.
More recently, where new buildings are built, it is known to use in some cases a construction with an inner wall and outer facing or cladding elements -forming a tiled appearance -attached by spacer and/or fixing members to the internal wall.
However, such new build can entail significant cost, and the fixing members and cladding elements can be energy intensive to manufacture and/or made of non-recyclable materials, increasing the overall carbon usage in relation to the building.
A further problem is that the fixing members can be numerous and difficult to use, ands the cladding elements time-consuming to install.
Known systems include Terracotta rainscreen cladding systems. Host precast concrete or extruded terracotta rainscreen overcladding systems have a very high embodied C02, require a metal rail support system that is expensive, and rattles in the wind, is easily vandalised, and supports durable material on shortlife easily corroded metal components.
The present invention seeks to address the aforementioned and other issues.
According to one aspect of the present invention there is provided a cladding element for mounting on a wall of a building, comprising: a front surface; and a rear portion, on the opposite side of the cladding element to the front surface, the rear portion including at least one mounting member, for mounting the cladding element on the building. -1-S
Preferably, the at least one mounting member includes a first mounting member, shaped for engaging a correspondingly shaped support member attached to the building.
Preferably, the said first mounting member includes a mounting member at or near the top of the cladding element.
Preferably, the said first mounting member extends along the length of the cladding element.
Preferably, the said first mounting member has a hook-shaped profile.
Preferably, the said hook-shaped profile is shaped for engaging an elongate projection on the support member that extends upwardly in a direction at an acute angle to the outer surface of the building.
According to another aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of cladding a wall of a building, comprising: securing a supporting structure to the wall; securing a plurality of cladding elements to the supporting structure in a tiled formation, the cladding elements being in accordance with any of claims I to 6 of the appended claims.
Preferably, the support structure includes a plurality of vertically disposed beams.
Preferably, the support structure includes a plurality of horizontally disposed beams, the horizontally disposed beams including an upward projection for engaging first mounting member on the cladding elements.
According to another aspect of the present invention there is provided a cladded building obtainable by the method of claim 7, 8 or 9 of the appended claims.
An advantage of the invention is that the system uses cladding rails supported on cross battens to provide an insulation gap between cladding and structural wall, or the existing wall of a building A further advantage of the invention arises from the use of uses lime mortar to set each tile in place, effectively allowing future reuse, but preventing all scope for rattle, vibration or theft today.
The same techniques for making blocks or rooftiles (e.g. from terracotta) can be used to make the cladding elements for the insulated wall overcladding according to embodiments of the invention.
A further advantage of the invention lies in the use of low embodied CO2 treated timber for the cladding rails supported on low cost timber cross battens.
Embodiments of the invention will now be described in detail, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which: Figure 1 is a perspective view of (corner) portion of a building, which is partially cladded using the cladding element and method according to an embodiment of the invention; Figure 2 is a side view at the corner of the cladding of Fig. 1; Figure 3 is a close up view of the cladding of the cladding of Fig. 3, showing in more detail a cladding element according to an embodiment of the invention; Figure 4 is a front view of the building of Fig. 1, showing part of the cladding fully mounted; Figure 5 is a perspective view of a building that is partially cladded, and illustrating first and second embodiments of the cladding element according to the invention; Figure 6 shows (a) a cross-sectional view of a cladding element according to a second embodiment of the invention, and (b) a cross-sectional view of a partially cladded wall using the second embodiment of the cladding element; and Figure 7 is a partial, perspective view of the cladding of Fig. 6(b), omitting the wall and part of the supporting structure.
In the following, like references will be used to describe like elements. Unless indicated otherwise, and design feature disclosed or illustrated herein may be used in conjunction with any other design feature disclosed or illustrated herein.
Figure 1 is a perspective view of (corner) portion of a building 100, which is partially cladded using the cladding element 102 (also referred to herein as "tiles") and method according to an embodiment of the invention. In the following, the discussion relates to cladding of one wall 104 of the building 100 using the cladding system, and it will be appreciated that other walls on the remainder of the building are cladded in a similar manner.
According to the method, vertical support member 106, resting on the ground 108, are first secured to the wall 104 -any suitable securing method may be used, including bolting (through to the interior (not shown) of the wall 104), nailing, or plug and screw fastening. The vertical support members 106 are preferably made of timber and have a rectangular cross-section whose dimensions are each 7.5-15 cm.
Next, horizontal support members 110 are attached to the vertical support members 106, using any suitable securing method, such bolting, nailing and/or screw fastening 112. In this embodiment, the horizontal support members 110 do not have a rectangular cross-section rather, the profile is such that at the outward facing surface 114 thereof is an upwardly extending projection 116 that project away from the wall 104 and provides a supporting and engaging projection, for receiving a correspondingly shaped recess in the cladding elements 104, as discussed further hereinafter.
Figure 2 is a side view at the corner of the cladding of Fig. 1, showing the profile of the cladding element 102. This includes an upper spacing projection 202 having a surface 204 for abutting the outer surface 206 of an upper support member 106 when mounted, the upper spacing projection 202 having a recess 208 defined therein for engaging the upwardly extending projection 116 of the horizontal support member and enabling the cladding element 102 to be supported on the horizontal support member 110.
In this embodiment, the cladding element 102 includes an intermediate spacing projection 210 also for abutting the outer surface 206 of an upper support member 106 when mounted, and a lower spacing projection 212 also for abutting the outer surface 206 of an upper support member 106 when mounted.
The cross-sectional profile of the cladding element 102 preferably also includes a lower abutment profile 214 (in this case of substantially arcuate cross-section), for engaging a corresponding upper abutment profile 216 of a horizontally adjacent cladding element 102'.
Also, in this embodiment, the cladding element 102 is provided with a number (here 5) of through holes 218, thereby saving weight and permitting the circulation of air or other gases.
Figure 3 is a close up view of the cladding of Fig. 3, showing in more detail a cladding element 102 according to an embodiment of the invention. It can be seen that in this embodiment the lower abutment profile 214 of cladding element 102 includes minor downward projections 220, 222, and the upper abutment profile 216 of a horizontally adjacent cladding element 102' includes corresponding minor downward recesses 224, 226.
According to the cladding method, after installing cladding element 102', cement or adhesive material 230 is applied, and cladding element 102 then mounted above, whereby the cement or adhesive material 230 fills the gap between the lower abutment profile 214 of cladding element 102 and the upper abutment profile 216 of a horizontally adjacent cladding element 102' and binds the two cladding elements 102, 102' together. As the cladding elements 102 are supported on the upwardly extending projection 116 of the horizontal support member 110, there is no need to cure the cement or adhesive material 230 after mounting of each cladding element 102, 102', or after mounting of each row of cladding elements 102, 102'.
In preferred embodiments, the cement or adhesive material 230 comprises lime mortar to set each tile in place, effectively allowing future reuse, but preventing all scope for rattle, vibration or theft.
Figure 4 is a front view of the building of Fig. 1, showing part of the cladding fully mounted. It can be seen that the cladding elements 102 are mounted in an array of rows and columns, with cement or adhesive material 230 filing the gaps between adjacent cladding elements 102 so as to provide a substantially continuous and flat front surface, i.e. a new and refurbished exterior surface to the building 100 in place of old waIl 104.
Figure 5 is a perspective view of a building 100 that is partially cladded, and illustrating first 102 and second 502 embodiments of the cladding element according to the invention. The cladding element 102 according to the first embodiment is as previously discussed. The cladding element 502 according to the second embodiment is the same as the first embodiment, except as described hereinafter.
Figure 6 shows (a) a crosssectionaI view of a cladding element 502 according to a second embodiment of the invention, and (b) a crosssectional view of a partially cladded wall 104 using the cladding element 502.
Referring to Fig. 6(a), the cladding element 502 includes an upper spacing projection 522, as in the first embodiment, but the upper abutment profile 516, instead of being substantially arcuate, includes a major upward projection 518 and major upward recess 520.
In this embodiment, the intermediate spacing projection is omitted, and the lower spacing projection 512 includes an abutting surface 524 for abutting a vertical support member 106 (see Fig. 6(b)). Also in this embodiment, the lower abutment profile 514, instead of being substantially arcuate, includes a major downward recess 526.
Referring to Fig. 6(b), as before, cement or adhesive material 230 fills the gap between the lower abutment profile 514 of cladding element 502 and the upper abutment profile 516 of a horizontally adjacent cladding element 502' and binds the two cladding elements 502, 502' together.
Figure 7 is a partial, perspective view of the cladding of Fig. 6(b), omitflng the wall and part of the supporting structure. As mentioned, the horizontal support members have an elongate upwardly extending projection 116 which engages recess 208 in upper spacing projection 202 of the cladding elements 102, 102', so as to support the latter thereon.
The cladding elements 102, 502 may be fabricated from wet casting of concrete using moulds. In this process, a wet concrete mix is poured into a mould (not shown) made of polyurethane or the like. This mould forms the shape of the product. The concrete is left until cured sufficiently, and thereafter removed from the mould.
In Fig. 6, arrows A and B indicate the direction (angles) of removal of the top and bottom halves of the mould, respectively, when this fabrication methods for the cladding elements 102, 502 is used.
Alternatively, cladding elements 102, 502 may be fabricated by extrusion of terracotta, using techniques well known in the art. As is well known, terra cotta is a clay-based ceramic. An appropriate refined clay is partially dried and extruded into the desired shape. After further thorough drying it is placed in a kiln and then fired.
After firing the hot product is cooled, for example by covering with sand. When unglazed, the material is not waterproof, but it is suitable building decoration in tropical environments. For building usage in colder environments, it is required that the material be glazed. Some types of terra cotta are created from clay that includes recycled terra cotta.

Claims (10)

  1. Claims: 1. A cladding element for mounting on a wall of a building, comprising: a front surface; and a rear portion, on the opposite side of the cladding element to the front surface, the rear portion including at least one mounting member, for mounting the cladding element on the building.
  2. 2. The cladding element of claim 1, wherein at least one mounting member includes a first mounting member, shaped for engaging a correspondingly shaped support member attached to the building.
  3. 3. The cladding element of claim 1 or 2, wherein said first mounting member includes a mounting member at or near the top of the cladding element.
  4. 4. The cladding element of claim 2, or any claim dependent thereon, said first 0 mounting member extends along the length of the cladding element.
    CO
  5. 5. The cladding element of claim 3, wherein said first mounting member has a hook-shaped profile. r
  6. 6. The cladding element of claim 3, wherein said hook-shaped profile is shaped for engaging an elongate projection on the support member that extends upwardly in a direction at an acute angle to the outer surface of the building.
  7. 71 A method of cladding a wall of a building, comprising: securing a supporting structure to the wall; securing a plurality of cladding elements to the supporting structure in a tiled formation, the cladding elements being in accordance with any of claims 1 to 6.
  8. 8. The method of claim 7, wherein the support structure includes a plurality of vertically disposed beams.
  9. 9. The method of claim 7 or 8, wherein the support structure includes a plurality of horizontal'y disposed beams, the horizontally disposed beams including an upward projection for engaging first mounting member on the cladding elements.
  10. 10. A cladded building obtainable by the method of claim 7, 8 or 9. r C") r
GB0903472A 2009-02-28 2009-03-02 A cladding element with integral hook-shaped mounting member Withdrawn GB2468161A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0903397A GB0903397D0 (en) 2009-02-28 2009-02-28 A cladding element and method of cladding

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GB0903472D0 GB0903472D0 (en) 2009-04-08
GB2468161A true GB2468161A (en) 2010-09-01

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GB0903472A Withdrawn GB2468161A (en) 2009-02-28 2009-03-02 A cladding element with integral hook-shaped mounting member

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102505821A (en) * 2011-10-11 2012-06-20 应孝华 Revetment and mounting method thereof
US9598892B2 (en) 2014-09-15 2017-03-21 Gregory Header Quick release cladding system for door, window, sloped and vertical glazing systems frames, and the like

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2108173A (en) * 1981-10-26 1983-05-11 Gomei Kaisha Osawa Shoten Apparatus for tile-setting
EP0134583A2 (en) * 1983-09-09 1985-03-20 Winfred Klink Coverings for façades
FR2562591A1 (en) * 1984-04-06 1985-10-11 Gen Batiment Cladding system for buildings
US4553366A (en) * 1982-02-25 1985-11-19 Gabriel Guerin Fixation device for an artificial stone plate facing on a wall structure
US4803821A (en) * 1987-03-05 1989-02-14 Motokatsu Funaki Tiled wall structure
DE102005019977A1 (en) * 2005-04-27 2006-11-09 Deutsche Steinzeug Cremer & Breuer Ag Building facade has support frame defining ventilation space for ceramic panels attached by fixings in grooves in rear panel faces
US20070251181A1 (en) * 2006-05-01 2007-11-01 Louis Dupont Panel attachment system
US7698864B2 (en) * 2005-07-14 2010-04-20 Atlantis Plastics, Inc. Bonded siding panels

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2108173A (en) * 1981-10-26 1983-05-11 Gomei Kaisha Osawa Shoten Apparatus for tile-setting
US4553366A (en) * 1982-02-25 1985-11-19 Gabriel Guerin Fixation device for an artificial stone plate facing on a wall structure
EP0134583A2 (en) * 1983-09-09 1985-03-20 Winfred Klink Coverings for façades
FR2562591A1 (en) * 1984-04-06 1985-10-11 Gen Batiment Cladding system for buildings
US4803821A (en) * 1987-03-05 1989-02-14 Motokatsu Funaki Tiled wall structure
DE102005019977A1 (en) * 2005-04-27 2006-11-09 Deutsche Steinzeug Cremer & Breuer Ag Building facade has support frame defining ventilation space for ceramic panels attached by fixings in grooves in rear panel faces
US7698864B2 (en) * 2005-07-14 2010-04-20 Atlantis Plastics, Inc. Bonded siding panels
US20070251181A1 (en) * 2006-05-01 2007-11-01 Louis Dupont Panel attachment system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102505821A (en) * 2011-10-11 2012-06-20 应孝华 Revetment and mounting method thereof
US9598892B2 (en) 2014-09-15 2017-03-21 Gregory Header Quick release cladding system for door, window, sloped and vertical glazing systems frames, and the like
US9970231B2 (en) 2014-09-15 2018-05-15 Gregory Header Quick release cladding system for fenestration frames

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB0903472D0 (en) 2009-04-08
GB0903397D0 (en) 2009-04-08

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