GB2443211A - Detectable magnetic label and method of labelling an article - Google Patents

Detectable magnetic label and method of labelling an article Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2443211A
GB2443211A GB0621032A GB0621032A GB2443211A GB 2443211 A GB2443211 A GB 2443211A GB 0621032 A GB0621032 A GB 0621032A GB 0621032 A GB0621032 A GB 0621032A GB 2443211 A GB2443211 A GB 2443211A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
magnetic
label
article
data
apparatus
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB0621032A
Other versions
GB0621032D0 (en
Inventor
Zahir Ahmed
Original Assignee
Zahir Ahmed
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zahir Ahmed filed Critical Zahir Ahmed
Priority to GB0621032A priority Critical patent/GB2443211A/en
Publication of GB0621032D0 publication Critical patent/GB0621032D0/en
Publication of GB2443211A publication Critical patent/GB2443211A/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K19/00Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings
    • G06K19/06Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the kind of the digital marking, e.g. shape, nature, code
    • G06K19/06187Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the kind of the digital marking, e.g. shape, nature, code with magnetically detectable marking
    • G06K19/06196Constructional details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65CLABELLING OR TAGGING MACHINES, APPARATUS, OR PROCESSES
    • B65C5/00Labelling fabrics or comparable materials or articles with deformable surface, e.g. paper, fabric rolls, stockings, shoes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D1/00Woven fabrics designed to make specified articles
    • D03D1/0011Woven fabrics for labels
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material or construction of the yarn or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/02Woven fabrics characterised by the material or construction of the yarn or other warp or weft elements used the warp or weft elements being of stiff material, e.g. wire, cane, slat
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06HMARKING, INSPECTING, SEAMING OR SEVERING TEXTILE MATERIALS
    • D06H1/00Marking textile materials; Marking in combination with metering or inspecting
    • D06H1/04Marking textile materials; Marking in combination with metering or inspecting by attaching threads, tags, or the like
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F3/00Labels, tag tickets, or similar identification or indication means; Seals; Postage or like stamps

Abstract

A detectable magnetic label for use in distinguishing genuine articles from counterfeit article. The label is made by a fabric and a length of magnetic material coupled to the fabric, the magnetic material is arranged to store data on it. The magnetic material may be woven into the fabric and thereby be enclosed in the fabric. A writer and a reader for writing data on the magnetic material and following read the data are mentioned. Also described is a weaving loom that may use a magnetic thread to be woven into a fabric.

Description

1 2443211

DETECTABLE LABEL AND METHOD OF LABELLING AN ARTICLE

The present invention relates to detectable labels. In particular, but not exclusively, the invention relates to detectable labels for use in distinguishing genuine articles from counterfeit articles.

It is known to attach identification tags or labels to articles in order to assist in determining the authenticity of an article. For example, an identification label may be used to determine whether an article is genuine or counterfeit, at the point of sale of the article. Identification tags known in the art include bar codes, alpha-numeric characters, REID tags and holographic images.

The problem exists that organisations or individuals involved in the production of counterfeit articles can readily copy conventional barcode and alpha-numeric character identification labels. RFID tags are less easy to copy, however they are relatively : ***, expensive to produce, and are therefore less attractive for use in high volume low margin articles. Furthermore, REID tags are also potentially vulnerable to damage. S..

In a first aspect of the present invention there is provided a label comprising: a fabric; and a length of magnetic material coupled to the fabric, the magnetic material being arranged to store data.

S * .

* . The invention has the advantage that the label may be produced at a relatively I ow cost compared to an RFID tag. This is because writing of data to the label may be performed by storing a digital or analogue signal along a length of the magnetic material. The label is not required to have any electrical or electronic elements, nor is a power supply required by the label. Furthermore, the magnetic material may be made sufficiently resilient to survive storage and shipping over wide ranges of temperature and humidity, and to remain stable for extended periods of time. This is at least in part due to the fact that no power supply or electronic circuitry is required in order to maintain the data stored by the magnetic material.

Preferably, the magnetic material comprises magnetic tape.

This feature has the advantage that the magnetic material may be supplied in a convenient form for incorporation into a garment. Magnetic tape may be made so as to exhibit uniform magnetic properties along a length of the tape. Furthermore, the tape may be provided in a form convenient for use in mass production of labels. For example, the tape may be provided on a drum.

Furthermore, the use of tape is compatible with the fabrication of labels comprising a fabric since tape may be woven into the fabric or woven to form part of the fabric.

Preferably, at least a portion of the magnetic tape is provided within the fabric.

This feature has the advantage that detection of the presence of magnetic tape by visual inspection may be impeded. This feature is of particular value in the detection of counterfeit goods, since manufacturers of counterfeit goods and associated labels are less likely to be aware of the presence of magnetic tape in labels associated with non-counterfeit goods.

: ** Preferably, a warp thread of the label is provided by the magnetic tape.

This feature has the advantage of facilitating incorporation of the tape into the label. S... * .

Preferably, the magnetic tape is enclosed by thread along its entire length.

This feature has the advantage that the magnetic tape is concealed along its entire length making visual detection of the presence of the magnetic tape difficult.

The label may further comprise magnetic data stored on the magnetic tape. The data may comprise an identification code.

This feature has the advantage that data associated with an article may be read from a label. For example, the data may enable determination of a history of movement of the article, such as a date and location of manufacture. Alternatively or in addition the label may comprise data corresponding to an intended destination of an article, such as a country, a city or a business entity.

A label may be provided in combination with apparatus comprising a magnetic write head, the magnetic write head being arranged to write magnetic data to the magnetic tape The apparatus may further comprise a magnetic read head, the magnetic read head being arranged to read magnetic data from the magnetic tape.

This feature has the advantage that the apparatus may be used to both read and write data In a second aspect of the invention there is provided writer apparatus comprising a magnetic write head, the magnetic write head being arranged to write magnetic data to a label according to one or more embodiments of the invention.

In a third aspect of the invention there is provided reader apparatus comprising a magnetic read head, the magnetic read head being configured to read magnetic data from a label according to one or more embodiments of the invention.

: ** The reader apparatus may comprise a computing device, the computing device being configured to provide a display of the magnetic data.

This feature has the advantage that a person inspecting an article, for example at a point S...

* 20 of sale of an article in a retail establishment may read the data stored by the label whilst I.....

* the person is still at the point of sale.

S

S..... * S

The computing device may be configured to read data from a database comprising data associated with the magnetic data stored on the label.

This feature has the advantage that data associated with the label may be provided to the person at the point of sale, without having to move to a further location in order to access the data.

The database may comprise data corresponding to at least one selected from amongst trade origin of an article; place of fabrication of an article; date of fabrication of an article; intended destination of an article; geographical location where sale of an article is permitted; and geographical location where sale of an article is prohibited.

This feature has the advantage that the person reading the label can determine whether an article to which a label is attached is being legitimately marketed. Furthermore, in the event that an article is not being legitimately marketed, the person may determine a location where the article may be legitimately marketed.

The apparatus may further comprise a magnetic write head.

In a fourth aspect of the invention there is provided a weaving loom having a warp thread comprising magnetic tape.

In a fifth aspect of the invention there is provided a method of labelling an article to enable determination of trade origin of the article comprising the steps of: providing a label comprising a fabric, the label having a magnetic material coupled to the fabric; and attaching the label to the article.

Embodiments of the invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying figures in which: * ** * . S FIGURE 1 shows a label according to a first embodiment of the invention; and **..

FIGURE 2 shows a label according to the first embodiment of the invention during a * process of fabricating the label.

According to a first embodiment of the invention a label 10 comprises a length of a woven fabric material 12 having a corresponding length of magnetic tape 14 provided along a longitudinal edge 15 of the label 10. The magnetic tape 14 is concealed by stitching 16 along the edge 15 of the label 10.

The label may be made of any suitable size corresponding to the article to which the label is to be attached. Typically, labels are fabricated having a width of between 10 and 20mm, and a length of between 30 and 80mm. It will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art, however, that the size of a label is not limited to these dimensions.

The label 10 is manufactured by conventional weaving techniques using a weaving loom such as a Jacquard loom whereby warp threads 20 of the label run parallel to the edge of the label. The magnetic tape 14 is introduced into the label by replacing one of the warp threads 20 with the tape 14. As the tape 14 is fed through the loom, it passes through one of several warp thread guide apertures 30, the apertures having a size smaller than a width of the tape 14. The tape 14 is folded and compacted as it passes through the aperture 30, before being incorporated into the label 10 (see Figure 2).

It will be appreciated that in alternative embodiments of the invention, the width of the tape need not be greater than a dimension of the warp thread guide aperture.

Label weaving apparatus typically produces a series of labels in the form of a continuous strip, the strip being wound onto a drum for transportation. When the labels are ready to be incorporated into an article such as a garment, labels are sequentially cut from the drum and attached to the article. For example, the labels may be attached to a garment by sewing, by using an adhesive, or by any other suitable means.

An identification code may be stored to a label by passing a magnetic write-head over the label, and writing magnetic data to the tape. A traditional audio cassette tape head such as those used in magnetic recording of analogue or digital audio signals may be : *** used. In embodiments of the invention, a GMR (Giant Magneto-Resistance) or Hall sensor may be used. A magnetic flux concentrator may be incorporated into the sensor head. I... * * ****

The magnetic write head may be provided as a portable module that may be used to write magnetic data manually to a label, for example by swiping the module along a length of the label. In embodiments of the invention the magnetic write head is mounted at a location whereby the magnetic data is written to the label before it is attached to the article. For example, the write head may be mounted on the loom to write the magnetic data to the tape before or after it is incorporated into the label. Alternatively the write head may be mounted at a location between a storage drum of the labels and the point at which the label is incorporated into an article.

Similarly, a magnetic read head may be provided in a portable module that may be used to read labels attached to articles stored in warehouses, on a shop floor, or at a point of sale of the article.

In embodiments of the invention a computing device is associated with the portable module. The computing device is configured to provide an indication of whether the magnetic data read from a label is likely to correspond to a counterfeit article. The computing device may also be configured to provide an indication of when and/or where an article was manufactured.

Throughout the description and claims of this specification, the words comprise" and "contain" and variations of the words, for example "comprising" and "comprises", means "including but not limited to", and is not intended to (and does not) exclude other moieties, additives, components, integers or steps.

Throughout the description and claims of this specification, the singular encompasses the plural unless the context otherwise requires. In particular, where the indefinite article is used, the specification is to be understood as contemplating plurality as well as singularity, unless the context requires otherwise.

Features, integers, characteristics, corn pounds, chemical moieties or groups described in conjunction with a particular aspect, embodiment or example of the invention are to be : ** understood to be applicable to any other aspect, embodiment or example described herein unless incompatible therewith. * S **** *

****** * S

S

S..... S * * . S

S S

Claims (29)

  1. CLAIMS: 1. A label comprising: a fabric; and a length of magnetic
    material coupled to the fabric, the magnetic material being arranged to store data.
  2. 2 A label as claimed in claim 1 wherein the magnetic material comprises magnetic tape.
  3. 3. A label as claimed in claim 2 wherein at least a portion of the magnetic tape is provided within the fabric.
  4. 4. A label as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3 wherein a warp thread of the label is provided by the magnetic tape. * S. * * . *..
  5. 5. A label as claimed in any one of claims 2 to 4 wherein the magnetic tape is S...
    enclosed by thread along its entire length. S... * S *...
  6. 6. A label as claimed in any preceding claim further comprising magnetic data stored on the magnetic tape.
    S..... * S
  7. 7. A label as claimed in claim 6 wherein the magnetic data comprises an identification code.
  8. 8. A label as claimed in any preceding claim in combination with apparatus comprising a magnetic write head, the magnetic write head being arranged to write magnetic data to the magnetic tape.
  9. 9. A label as claimed in claim 8 wherein the apparatus further comprises a magnetic read head, the magnetic read head being arranged to read magnetic data from the magnetic tape.
  10. 10. Writer apparatus comprising a magnetic write head, the apparatus being configured to write magnetic data to a label as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 7.
  11. 11. Reader apparatus comprising a magnetic read head, the apparatus being configured to read magnetic data from a label as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 7.
  12. 12. Apparatus as claims in claim 11 further comprising a computing device, the computing device being configured to provide a display of the magnetic data.
  13. 13. Apparatus as claimed in claim 12 further comprising a database comprising data associated with the magnetic data stored on a label.
  14. 14. Apparatus as claimed in claim 13 wherever the database comprises data corresponding to at least one selected from amongst trade origin of an article; place of fabrication of an article; date of fabrication of an article; intended destination of an article; geographical location where sale of an article is permitted; and geographical location where sale of an article is prohibited.
    : **
  15. 15. Apparatus as claimed in any one of claims 11 to 14 further comprising a magnetic write head.
  16. 16. A weaving loom having a warp thread comprising magnetic tape.
    *
  17. 17 A method of labelling an article to enable determination of trade origin of the article comprising the steps of: providing a label comprising a fabric, the label having a magnetic material coupled to the fabric; and attaching the label to the article.
  18. 18. A method as claimed in claim 17 further comprising the steps of applying a magnetic signal to the magnetic material thereby to store data in the magnetic material.
  19. 19. A method as claimed in claim 17 or 18 wherein the magnetic material comprises magnetic tape.
  20. 20. A method as claimed in claim 19 wherein at least a portion of the magnetic tape is provided within the fabric.
  21. 21. A method as claimed in claim 19 or 20 wherein a warp thread of the label is provided by the magnetic tape.
  22. 22. A method as claimed in any one of claims 19 to 21 wherein the magnetic tape is enclosed by thread along its entire length.
  23. 23. A method as claimed in any one of claims 19 to 22 wherein the label further comprises magnetic data stored on the magnetic tape.
  24. 24. A method as claimed in any preceding claim further comprising the step of reading a magnetic signal stored in the magnetic material.
  25. 25. A label substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
    : **
  26. 26. A magnetic write head substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to S...
    the accompanying drawings. S...
    * .
  27. 27. A magnetic read head substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to *...
    the accompanying drawings.
    * *
  28. 28. A weaving loom substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
  29. 29. A method of labelling an article substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
GB0621032A 2006-10-23 2006-10-23 Detectable magnetic label and method of labelling an article Withdrawn GB2443211A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0621032A GB2443211A (en) 2006-10-23 2006-10-23 Detectable magnetic label and method of labelling an article

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0621032A GB2443211A (en) 2006-10-23 2006-10-23 Detectable magnetic label and method of labelling an article
PCT/GB2007/050651 WO2008050155A2 (en) 2006-10-23 2007-10-23 Detectable label and method of labelling an article

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB0621032D0 GB0621032D0 (en) 2006-11-29
GB2443211A true GB2443211A (en) 2008-04-30

Family

ID=37508208

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB0621032A Withdrawn GB2443211A (en) 2006-10-23 2006-10-23 Detectable magnetic label and method of labelling an article

Country Status (2)

Country Link
GB (1) GB2443211A (en)
WO (1) WO2008050155A2 (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1988002523A1 (en) * 1986-09-24 1988-04-07 Ten Cate Over-All Fabrics Bv System for establishing production history
WO1998038365A1 (en) * 1997-02-25 1998-09-03 Viva-Sistems Di U. Vivarelli E C. S.A.S. A yarn comprising at least one identifiable fiber
US5896087A (en) * 1996-08-02 1999-04-20 Friedrich Graf Sohne GmbH & Co. KG Theft protection system, Particularly for textiles, leather goods and other products
US20030177095A1 (en) * 2000-06-21 2003-09-18 Zorab James Leigh Remote authentication system
US20060212946A1 (en) * 2002-12-06 2006-09-21 Cryptic System for the producing, controlling and using identification, authentication and traceability coded markings

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2694431B1 (en) * 1992-07-29 1994-09-09 Kiota Int reading apparatus of a magnetic label.
US7124955B2 (en) * 2003-01-28 2006-10-24 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. Compact or convenient transaction cards

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1988002523A1 (en) * 1986-09-24 1988-04-07 Ten Cate Over-All Fabrics Bv System for establishing production history
US5896087A (en) * 1996-08-02 1999-04-20 Friedrich Graf Sohne GmbH & Co. KG Theft protection system, Particularly for textiles, leather goods and other products
WO1998038365A1 (en) * 1997-02-25 1998-09-03 Viva-Sistems Di U. Vivarelli E C. S.A.S. A yarn comprising at least one identifiable fiber
US20030177095A1 (en) * 2000-06-21 2003-09-18 Zorab James Leigh Remote authentication system
US20060212946A1 (en) * 2002-12-06 2006-09-21 Cryptic System for the producing, controlling and using identification, authentication and traceability coded markings

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2008050155A2 (en) 2008-05-02
WO2008050155A3 (en) 2008-07-31
GB0621032D0 (en) 2006-11-29

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Legal Events

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WAP Application withdrawn, taken to be withdrawn or refused ** after publication under section 16(1)