GB2388182A - A burner with an internal venturi arrangement - Google Patents

A burner with an internal venturi arrangement Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2388182A
GB2388182A GB0209849A GB0209849A GB2388182A GB 2388182 A GB2388182 A GB 2388182A GB 0209849 A GB0209849 A GB 0209849A GB 0209849 A GB0209849 A GB 0209849A GB 2388182 A GB2388182 A GB 2388182A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
burner
gas
inlet
venturi
fired
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB0209849A
Other versions
GB0209849D0 (en
Inventor
Grahame Bentley
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
THERMACO Ltd
Original Assignee
THERMACO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by THERMACO Ltd filed Critical THERMACO Ltd
Priority to GB0209849A priority Critical patent/GB2388182A/en
Publication of GB0209849D0 publication Critical patent/GB0209849D0/en
Publication of GB2388182A publication Critical patent/GB2388182A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D14/00Burners for combustion of a gas, e.g. of a gas stored under pressure as a liquid
    • F23D14/46Details, e.g. noise reduction means
    • F23D14/60Devices for simultaneous control of gas and combustion air
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D14/00Burners for combustion of a gas, e.g. of a gas stored under pressure as a liquid
    • F23D14/02Premix gas burners, i.e. in which gaseous fuel is mixed with combustion air upstream of the combustion zone
    • F23D14/04Premix gas burners, i.e. in which gaseous fuel is mixed with combustion air upstream of the combustion zone induction type, e.g. Bunsen burner
    • F23D14/10Premix gas burners, i.e. in which gaseous fuel is mixed with combustion air upstream of the combustion zone induction type, e.g. Bunsen burner with elongated tubular burner head
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23MCASINGS, LININGS, WALLS OR DOORS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, e.g. FIREBRIDGES; DEVICES FOR DEFLECTING AIR, FLAMES OR COMBUSTION PRODUCTS IN COMBUSTION CHAMBERS; SAFETY ARRANGEMENTS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR COMBUSTION APPARATUS; DETAILS OF COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F23M20/00Details of combustion chambers, not otherwise provided for, e.g. means for storing heat from flames
    • F23M20/005Noise absorbing means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D2210/00Noise abatement
    • F23D2210/101Noise abatement using noise dampening material

Abstract

A gas-fired burner 10 comprising a burner body 12, has a burner inlet 20 through which a gas can be fed and a plurality of burner outlets 32. A venturi 26 is disposed inside the burner body 12 and communicates with the burner inlet. The venturi 26 may split the inlet flow into two substantially even flows, or may extend from the inlet in opposite directions in order to distribute flow. The burner body 12 may be hollow and elongate. The venturi 26 may be symmetrical about the burner inlet 20, which is positioned central in the bottom of the burner body. The burner may have a mixing chamber (14 fig 1) to mix primary air, which may also include regulating means (51 fig 1) and acoustic damping material. The burner may be part of a flame-effect gas fire.

Description

23881 82
A BURNER
This invention relates to a gas-fired burner.
S Gas-fired burners are known. They can be seen in numerous gas-fired appliances, including flame-effect fireplaces and flame-effect stoves which make use of elongate bumers.
It is known that an elongate gas-fired burner without a venturi system results 10 in poor combustion of the gas-air mixture.
An externally connected venturi system results not only in uneven combustion of the gas-air mixture occurring across the burner outlets but also in the burner being larger than is acceptable for many modern appliances or building recesses.
When placing the venturi system inside the body of the burner, the gas inlet has to be placed at one end to supply the venturi system with gas at its throat. This can cause a problem if the space in which the burner is to be housed is narrow.
20 Furthermore, with this type of internal venturi system, an adequate pressure distribution across the burner outlets is difficult to achieve, which results in flames of uneven height.
To alleviate this problem, baffles and other components or devices are
incorporated into the burner body. However, this increases the cost and size of the burner. The present invention seeks to overcome these problems.
According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a gas-
fired burner comprising a burner body, having a burner inlet through which a gas-air mixture can be fed and a plurality of burner outlets from which combustion of the gas-air mixture occurs, and a venturi member which is disposed inside the burner 10 body, in fluid-communication with the burner inlet, and which acts to in use split the inflowing gas-air mixture into two flows so that the burner outlets are evenly or substantially evenly supplied with the gas-air mixture.
Preferable and/or optional features of the present invention are set forth in 15 claims 2 to 13, inclusive.
According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a gas-
fired burner comprising an elongate hollow burner body, a gas inlet in a base of the body, a plurality of gas outlets in an upper surface of the body, and a venturi member 20 within the body, the venturi member communicating with the gas inlet and extending from the gas inlet in opposite directions to distribute gas flow over the longitudinal extent of the body.
According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a flame
( effect gas fire equipped with a gas-fired burner in accordance with the first and/or second aspects of the present invention.
The present invention will now be described, by way of example, with 5 reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein: Figure 1 is a perspective view of one embodiment of a gas-fired burner, in accordance with the first and second aspects of the present invention; 10 Figure 2 is an exploded perspective view of a burner body and venturi member of the burner; Figure 3 is a slightly enlarged perspective view of one part of the burner body; Figure 4 is a perspective view of one part of a mixing chamber of the burner; and Figure S is a perspective view of another part of the mixing chamber.
Referring to the drawings, a burner 10 is shown which comprises an elongate hollow burner body 12 and a mixing chamber 14, both typically formed from press-
moulded metal.
( The burner body 12 has a bottom part 16 and a top part 18. These two parts 16 and 18 are crimped together, which reduces the cost associated with welding.
A burner inlet 20 is centrally formed in the bottom surface 22 of the bottom 5 part 16, and a gas-air mixture inflow pipe 24 extends externally from the burner inlet 20. A venturi member 26 is provided along the interior of the bottom surface 22 of the bottom part 16, and has a single throat constriction 28 mid-way between two 10 opposing outlet openings 30 which face opposite ends of the burner body 12. The venturi member 26 is symmetrical about the throat constriction 28 and is positioned over the burner inlet 20 so that the throat constriction 28 coincides, and is in direct fluid-comnunication, with the centrally placed burner inlet 20.
15 The top part 18 of the burner body 12 includes a plurality of burner outlets 32 from which, in use, combustion of the gas-air mixture occurs. The burner body top part 18 is configured so that it is spaced from the venturi member 26.
The mixing chamber 14 is generally box-shaped and is formed from an outer 20 liner 34 and an inner liner 36 which can be received in the outer liner 34.
The outer liner 34 has a U-shaped longitudinal cross-section with a gas inlet opening 38 formed in its bottom surface 40 and an air inlet opening 42 formed in one side 44.
s The inner liner 36 has an inverted U-shaped transverse cross-section with a gas outlet opening 46 formed in its upper surface 48.
The inner and outer liners 34 and 36 are both formed with tabs 50 which 5 extend from their free-edges and which enable the liners 34, 36 to be fixed to one another. When assembled, the outer liner 34 forms two sides and the bottom of the mixing chamber 14, while the inner liner 36 forms the remaining two sides and the 10 top.
The outer liner 34 has an air-flow regulating element 51 which can be slid along runners 52 to open or close, to varying degrees, the air inlet opening 42.
15 The mixing chamber 14 is attached, typically by welding, to the exterior of the bottom surface 22 of the burner body 12, so that the burner inlet 20 is covered and the inflow pipe 24 extends into the interior of the mixing chamber 14.
The mixing chamber 14 enables acoustic damping. To improve the acoustic 20 damping, the mixing chamber 14 may include acoustic damping material (not shown).
The material is positioned internally within the mixing chamber 14, typically lining the sides while not obstructing the gas inlet / outlet openings 38 and 46 and the air inlet opening 42, and is resistant to temperatures at which the burner 10 operates.
A gas injector (not shown), which feeds a gas supply to the burner 1O, is fixed at one end to the outer liner gas inlet opening 38 and at the other end, for example, to a control valve and an isolation valve through which the gas supply has to flow.
5 The gas from the gas injector flows firstly into the mixing chamber 14 where primary aeration of the gas flow is set by the position of the airflow regulating element relative to the air inlet opening 42.
The gas-air mixture is then drawn into the burner body 12, through the inflow 10 pipe 24 and burner inlet 20, by the venturi member 26. On entering the venturi member 26 at the throat constriction 28, the gas-air mixture is split into two flows which flow from the throat constriction 28 to the opposing venturi outlet openings 30.
Since the outlet openings 30 are of identical or substantially identical size, the pressure differentials between the two outlet openings 30 and the throat constriction 15 28 are equal or substantially equal, resulting in the split gas-air mixture flows having equal or substantially equal volume-flow rates.
On exiting the venturi member 26, the split gas-air mixture flows disperse and move towards the burner outlets 32. Since equal or substantially equal volumes of the 20 gas-air mixture move from the sides of the burner body 12 towards the centre, the pressure distribution of the gas-air mixture across the burner outlets 32 is constant or substantially constant. This results in an even or substantially even flame height.
The venturi member can be asymmetrical about the throat constriction. In this
( case, the venturi outlet openings need to be sized so that the equal or substantially equal pressure differentials between the outlet openings and the throat constriction are maintained. This enables the equal or substantially equal volume-flow rates of the split gas-air mixture flows to be maintained. Consequently, the burner inlet can be 5 positioned offcentre, if necessary.
The venturi member may also have more than two outlet openings.
The mixing chamber acts to suppress or eliminate undesirable noise caused by 10 primary aeration while regulating the gas-to-air ratio of the mixture. However, the acoustic damping material is only typically required if the burner is sized to have an approximately 6 kW or greater output.
By press-moulding the top and bottom parts of the burner body, various IS lengths of burner can be obtained from one base die by inserting or removing sections from between the ends of the die. Tooling costs can therefore be significantly reduced. It is thus possible to provide a quiet gas-fired burner which, in use, produces a 20 uniform or substantially uniform flame across the burner outlets, has good combustion performance, and does not require additional internal components or devices to evenly disperse the gas-air mixture flow across the burner outlets.
The embodiments described above are given by way of example only and
( various modifications will be apparent to persons skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims. For example, the gas-fired burner may be used as part of a flame-effect gas fire or any other suitable gas-fired appliance.

Claims (1)

  1. ( CLAIMS
    1. A gas-fired burner comprising a burner body, having a burner inlet through which a gas-air mixture can be fed and a plurality of burner outlets from which 5 combustion of the gas-air mixture occurs, and a venturi member which is disposed inside the burner body, in fluidcommunication with the burner inlet, and which acts to in use split the inflowing gas-air mixture into two flows so that the burner outlets are evenly or substantially evenly supplied with the gas-air mixture.
    10 2. A gas-fired burner as claimed in claim 1, wherein the venturi member has two outlet openings through which the split gas^air mixture flows can exit, respectively.
    3. A gas-fired burner as claimed in claim 2, wherein the venturi member is symmetrical about the burner inlet.
    4. A gas-fired burner as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3, wherein the pressure differentials of the split gas-air mixture flows between the inlet of the venturi member and the respective venturi member outlet openings are equal or substantially equal.
    20 5. A gas-fired burner as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the burner inlet is disposed in the bottom of the burner body and directly supplies the venturi member.
    6. A gas-fired burner as claimed in claim 5, wherein the burner inlet is
    positioned in the centre of the bottom of the burner body.
    7. A gas-fired burner as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the burner body is formed from two parts which are crimped together.
    s 8. A gas-fired burner as claimed in claim 8, wherein one of the said parts of the burner body includes the burner inlet and the other said part includes Me burner outlets. 10 9. A gas-fired burner as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, further comprising a mixing chamber positioned to cover the burner inlet of the burner body, the mixing chamber in use acting to regulate the gas to air ratio of the gas-air mixture. 15 10. A gas-fired burner as claimed in claim 9, wherein the mixing chamber includes an air inlet opening and an air-flow regulating element by which the air inlet opening can be opened or closed to varying degrees so that the gas-to-air ratio of the gas-air mixture is regulated.
    20 11. A gas-fired burner as claimed in claim 9 or claim 10, wherein the mixing chamber acts to in use suppress undesirable noise due to the inflow of air into the burner. 12. A gas-fired burner as claimed in any one of claims 9 to 11, wherein the
    ( mixing chamber includes acoustic damping.
    13. A gas-fired burner as claimed in claim 12, wherein the acoustic damping is positioned within the mixing chamber and is resistant to temperatures at which the 5 burner operates.
    14. A gas-fred burner comprising an elongate hollow burner body, a gas inlet in a base of die body, a plurality of gas outlets in an upper surface of the body, and a venturi member within the body, the venturi member communicating with the gas 10 inlet and extending from the gas inlet in opposite directions to distribute gas flow over the longitudinal extent of the body.
    IS. A gas-fired burner substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
    16. A flame-effect gas fire equipped with a gas-fred burner as claimed in any one of the preceding claims.
GB0209849A 2002-04-30 2002-04-30 A burner with an internal venturi arrangement Withdrawn GB2388182A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0209849A GB2388182A (en) 2002-04-30 2002-04-30 A burner with an internal venturi arrangement

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0209849A GB2388182A (en) 2002-04-30 2002-04-30 A burner with an internal venturi arrangement

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB0209849D0 GB0209849D0 (en) 2002-06-05
GB2388182A true GB2388182A (en) 2003-11-05

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ID=9935779

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB0209849A Withdrawn GB2388182A (en) 2002-04-30 2002-04-30 A burner with an internal venturi arrangement

Country Status (1)

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GB (1) GB2388182A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2525873A (en) * 2014-05-07 2015-11-11 Worgas Burners Ltd Gas burner

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4940406A (en) * 1988-12-14 1990-07-10 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Incomplete combustion preventing gas burner
GB2256268A (en) * 1991-05-31 1992-12-02 Zanussi Elettrodomestici Cooker burner mounting
FR2711774A1 (en) * 1993-10-27 1995-05-05 Sourdillon Sa Gas burner for household cooking appliance
EP0903538A1 (en) * 1997-09-23 1999-03-24 SABAF S.p.A. Gas burner

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4940406A (en) * 1988-12-14 1990-07-10 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Incomplete combustion preventing gas burner
GB2256268A (en) * 1991-05-31 1992-12-02 Zanussi Elettrodomestici Cooker burner mounting
FR2711774A1 (en) * 1993-10-27 1995-05-05 Sourdillon Sa Gas burner for household cooking appliance
EP0903538A1 (en) * 1997-09-23 1999-03-24 SABAF S.p.A. Gas burner

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2525873A (en) * 2014-05-07 2015-11-11 Worgas Burners Ltd Gas burner

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB0209849D0 (en) 2002-06-05

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WAP Application withdrawn, taken to be withdrawn or refused ** after publication under section 16(1)