GB2371008A - Drill/chisel hammer - Google Patents

Drill/chisel hammer Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2371008A
GB2371008A GB0128365A GB0128365A GB2371008A GB 2371008 A GB2371008 A GB 2371008A GB 0128365 A GB0128365 A GB 0128365A GB 0128365 A GB0128365 A GB 0128365A GB 2371008 A GB2371008 A GB 2371008A
Authority
GB
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
means
driven
shaft
stop
switching
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB0128365A
Other versions
GB0128365D0 (en )
GB2371008B (en )
Inventor
Gerhard Meixner
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Robert Bosch GmbH
Original Assignee
Robert Bosch GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D16/00Portable percussive machines with superimposed rotation, the rotational movement of the output shaft of a motor being modified to generate axial impacts on the tool bit
    • B25D16/006Mode changers; Mechanisms connected thereto
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D2211/00Details of portable percussive tools with electromotor or other motor drive
    • B25D2211/003Crossed drill and motor spindles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D2216/00Details of portable percussive machines with superimposed rotation, the rotational movement of the output shaft of a motor being modified to generate axial impacts on the tool bit
    • B25D2216/0007Details of percussion or rotation modes
    • B25D2216/0046Preventing rotation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D2250/00General details of portable percussive tools; Components used in portable percussive tools
    • B25D2250/165Overload clutches, torque limiters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D2250/00General details of portable percussive tools; Components used in portable percussive tools
    • B25D2250/371Use of springs

Abstract

The invention is based on a drill/chisel hammer with a drive motor arranged in a housing 10, by means of which an application tool 56 arranged in a tool holder 54 can be driven in an impact manner via an impact means and can be rotatably driven via a driven shaft 12, and with an overlock coupling 16 that is connected in series in the power flux of the rotational drive with stop means 18 between the drive motor and driven shaft 12. It is proposed that the driven shaft 12 can be decoupled from the drive motor by means of a switching device 14 and can be fixed in the direction of rotation and that the overlock coupling 16 is integrated in the switching device 14.

Description

Drill/Chisel Hammer Prior Art

The invention is based on a hand-held tool according to the precharacterising part of claim 1.

In order to prevent a drill hammer held by a user continuing to rotate uncontrollably should a drill or a drill bit become jammed in a wall, it is known to connect the drill and/or the drill bit via a safety coupling to a drive of the drill hammer, the said safety coupling opening as soon as the drill jams.

A generic hand-held tool equipped with a safety coupling is known from DE 38 32 202 C1. The safety coupling has a first radially internal coupling part and a second coupling part surrounding the first coupling part for the transmission of a torque. The coupling parts are joined to one another via stop means formed as roller bearings. The roller bearings are guided in guide channels in the first coupling part. Springs are arranged in the guide channels that are supported at their first end on a channel floor and with their second end act radially outwardly on the roller bearings in the direction of the second coupling part and press the roller bearings into recesses formed in the second coupling part. If a specific torque is exceeded, the roller bearings are pressed radially inwardly from the recesses against the springs and the safety coupling opens.

The roller bearings then slide back over the recesses.

Advantages of the invention The invention is based on a drill/chisel hammer with a drive motor arranged in a housing by means of which an application tool arranged in a tool holder can be driven in an impact manner via an impact means and can be rotatably driven via a driven

shaft, and with an overlook coupling that is connected in series in the power flux of the rotational drive with stop means between the drive motor and driven shaft.

It is proposed that the driven shaft can be decoupled from the drive motor via a switching device and fixed in the direction of rotation, and that the overlook coupling be integrated in the switching device. By integrating the overlook coupling in the switching device structural parts can be used jointly and in this way structural parts, installation space and weight can be saved. Overall, a better handling and increased comfort is available to the user.

If a switching sleeve of the switching device is effectively connected via the stop means to the driven shaft and if in particular the stop means are arranged radially inside the switching sleeve, then a compact and simple construction can be achieved and installation space can advantageously be saved. The installation space in the switching sleeve can be utilised and the stop means may advantageously be meshed via the switching sleeve.

If the stop means engage radially inwardly in a positive manner in the direction of rotation in recesses, and if the stop means are overlapped by an annular spring, several stop means can be loaded with only one spring element in the direction of their stop positions. The installation can be simplified and structural parts such as for example individual springs that load the stop means can be saved.

It is furthermore proposed that the recesses be formed by a toothing provided on the driven shaft. An additional connection element and thus associated installation space, weight and installation expense can thereby be avoided. The stop means may engage directly on the driven shaft.

The stop means are guided by a carrier part. Transmission means for transmitting a drive torque and/or for transmitting a retaining torque may advantageously be formed

on this carrier part. Conveniently these transmission means comprise teeth of a toothing. By actuating the switching device a connection may be chosen for the transmission of the rotational torque or for the transmission of the retaining torque.

Drawings Further advantages follow from the following description of the drawings. One

embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the drawings. The drawings, the description and the claims contain numerous features in combination. The person

skilled in the art will expediently consider the features also individually and form appropriate further combinations.

In the drawings: Fig. 1 shows a drill/chisel hammer; and Fig. 2 is part of a section in the longitudinal direction of the drill/chisel hammer of Fig. 1.

Description of the embodiment

Fig. 1 shows a drill/chisel hammer with an electric motor (not shown) accommodated in a housing 10 as well as a gear means and an impact means via which a tool 56 clamped in a tool holder 54 can be driven rotatably and in an impacting manner. A first handle 58 extending perpendicular to the actuation direction is secured on the housing 10 on a side of the drill/chisel hammer facing the tool holder 54. A second hoop-shaped handle 60 extending perpendicular to the actuation direction is secured on a side of the housing 10 remote from the tool 56.

A gear wheel 34 is driven via a drive shaft 32 arranged in the housing 10 (Fig. 2). The gear wheel 34 is mounted on a shaft 36. A pinion 38 is secured on the shaft 36 at an

end of the said shaft 36 facing a driven shaft 12. The driven shaft 12 is formed by a hollow shaft. The pinion 38 meshes in a ring gear 40 that is rotatably mounted in the driven shaft 12. On the ring gear 40 a toothing 42 is formed on the side remote from the tool holder 54.

The driven shaft 12 can be decoupled from the drive motor by means of a switching device 14 and fixed in the direction of rotation. In addition the drill/chisel hammer has an overlook coupling 16 that is connected in series in the force flux of the rotational drive with stop means 18 between the drive motor and driven shaft 12. According to the invention the overlook coupling 16 is integrated in the switching device 14.

The overlook coupling 16 integrated in the switching device 14 has stop means 18 formed by roller bearings that are retained by a carrier part 26. The stop means 18 engage radially inwardly in the direction of rotation and in a positive manner in recesses 22 and are radially overlapped externally by an annular spring 24. The recesses 22 are formed on the driven shaft 12 and form a toothing. The annular spring 24 presses the stop means 18 into the recesses 22.

The stop means 18 and the annular spring 24 are arranged radially inside a switching sleeve 20 of the switching device 14. The switching sleeve 20 encloses the driven shaft 12 radially and engages with its side walls radially inwardly in a positive manner in the carrier part 26 of the stop means 18. The switching sleeve 20 is in effective communication via the carrier part 26 and via the stop means 18 with the driven shaft 12. An annular groove 44 is formed on the outer circumference of the switching sleeve 20, in which groove an eccentrically arranged lug 46 of a rotarytype switch 48 mounted on the outside of the housing 10 engages positively.

Transmission means 28, 30 are formed on both sides in the axial direction on the carrier part 26 of the stop means 18. The transmission means 28, 30 are formed by toothings. By actuating the rotary-type switch 48 the switching sleeve 20 together

s with the carrier part 26, the annular spring 24 and the stop means 18 can be displaced in both axial directions. If the switching sleeve 20 is displaced via the rotary-type switch 48 axially in the direction of the tool holder 54, the transmission means 28 formed on the carrier part 26 are brought into engagement with the transmission means 42 formed on the ring gear 40. A torque can then be transmitted from the drive shaft 32 of the drive motor via the gear wheel 34, the pinion 38, the ring gear 40, the transmission means 42 and 28, the carrier part 26 and via the stop means 18 to the driven shaft 12.

If the tool 56 jams in an object that is being drilled/chiselled and the torque thereby exceeds a predetermined value, which is determined by the annular spring 24 and by the contour of the recesses 22, the stop means 18 are deflected radially outwardly from the recesses 22 of the driven shaft 12 towards the annular spring 24 and overlook in the circumferential direction.

If the switching sleeve 20 is displaced via the rotary-type switch 48 axially in the direction away from the tool holder 54, then the transmission means 30 formed on the carrier part 26 are brought into engagement with transmission means SO that are formed on a retaining ring 52 fixed in a torsionally rigid manner in the housing 10.

The driven shaft 12 can thus be fixed in a torsionally rigid manner in the housing 10, and more specifically a torque can be absorbed by the driven shaft 12 via the stop means 18, the carrier part 26, the transmission means 30, 50, and via the retaining ring 52 in the housing 10.

List of reference numerals 10 Housing 36 Shaft 12 Driven shaft 38 Pinion 14 Switching device 40 Ring gear 16 Overlook coupling 42 Teething 18 Stop means 44 Annular groove 20 Switching sleeve 46 Lug 22 Recess 48 Rotarytype switch 24 Annular spring 50 Transmission means 26 Carrier part 52 Retaining ring 28 Transmission means 54 Tool holder 30 Transmission means 56 Tool 32 Drive shaft 58 Handle 34 Gear wheel 60 Handle

Claims (8)

Claims
1. Drill/chisel hammer with a drive motor arranged in a housing (10), by means of which an application tool (56) arranged in a tool holder (54) can be driven in an impact manner via an impact means and can be rotatably driven via a driven shaft (12), and with an overlook coupling (16) that is connected in series in the power flux of the rotational drive with stop means (18) between the drive motor and driven shaft (12), characterised in that the driven shaft (12) can be decoupled from the drive motor with a switching device (14) and can be fixed in the direction of rotation, and the overlook coupling (16) is integrated in the switching device (14).
2. Drill/chisel hammer according to claim 1, characterized in that the switching sleeve (20) of the switching device (14) is effectively connected via the stop means (18) to the driven shaft (12).
3. Drill/chisel hammer according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the stop means (18) are arranged radially inside the switching sleeve (20) .
4. Drill/chisel hammer according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the stop means (18) engage radially inwardly in the direction of rotation in a positive manner in recesses (22) and are overlapped radially outwardly by an annular spring (24).
5. Drill/chisel hammer according to claim 4, characterized in that the recesses (22) are formed by a toothing provided on the driven shaft (12).
6. Drill/chisel hammer according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least one transmission means (28) for transmitting a drive torque is formed on a carrier part (26) of the stop means (18).
I
7. Drill/chisel hammer according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least one transmission means (30) for transmitting a retaining torque is formed on a carrier part (26) of the stop means ( 18).
8. A drill/chisel hammer substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
GB0128365A 2000-11-28 2001-11-27 Drill/chisel hammer Expired - Fee Related GB2371008B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE2000158994 DE10058994B4 (en) 2000-11-28 2000-11-28 Drilling and chipping hammer

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB0128365D0 GB0128365D0 (en) 2002-01-16
GB2371008A true true GB2371008A (en) 2002-07-17
GB2371008B GB2371008B (en) 2003-01-15

Family

ID=7664935

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB0128365A Expired - Fee Related GB2371008B (en) 2000-11-28 2001-11-27 Drill/chisel hammer

Country Status (3)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2002219669A (en)
DE (1) DE10058994B4 (en)
GB (1) GB2371008B (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2392966A (en) * 2002-09-13 2004-03-17 Black & Decker Inc Power tool with overload clutch and an arrangement for detecting tool bit blocking
US7121359B2 (en) 2002-12-24 2006-10-17 Robert Bosch Gmbh Drilling hammer having an external mechanism for selectively switching operation between impact drilling and chiseling modes
US7861799B2 (en) 2008-03-21 2011-01-04 Makita Corporation Impact tool

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102004034268B3 (en) * 2004-07-15 2005-12-29 Wacker Construction Equipment Ag Rotary Hammer with safety clutch
JP4515181B2 (en) * 2004-07-20 2010-07-28 株式会社マキタ Electric hammer drill
JP4812471B2 (en) * 2006-03-09 2011-11-09 株式会社マキタ Work tools
DE102011075763A1 (en) * 2011-05-12 2012-11-15 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Hand tool
CN102248520B (en) * 2011-06-14 2013-07-10 常熟市迅达粉末冶金有限公司 Function switching device
GB201321893D0 (en) 2013-12-11 2014-01-22 Black & Decker Inc Rotary Hammer
DE102016220192A1 (en) * 2016-10-17 2018-04-19 Robert Bosch Gmbh Hand tool

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4776406A (en) * 1985-11-19 1988-10-11 Robert Bosch Gmbh Motor-driven hand tool for drilling or impact drilling operations
US5401124A (en) * 1991-04-12 1995-03-28 Robert Bosch Gmbh Hand-held power tool with jamming-detection sensor
GB2306356A (en) * 1995-11-02 1997-05-07 Bosch Gmbh Robert Hand tool safety device
GB2334909A (en) * 1998-03-04 1999-09-08 Scintilla Ag Torque clutch arrangement
US6035945A (en) * 1997-04-18 2000-03-14 Hitachi Koki Co., Ltd. Operating mode switching apparatus for a hammer drill

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3832202C1 (en) * 1988-09-22 1990-03-22 Robert Bosch Gmbh, 7000 Stuttgart, De Hand-held machine tool
DE19545260A1 (en) * 1995-11-24 1997-05-28 Black & Decker Inc Rotary Hammer

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4776406A (en) * 1985-11-19 1988-10-11 Robert Bosch Gmbh Motor-driven hand tool for drilling or impact drilling operations
US5401124A (en) * 1991-04-12 1995-03-28 Robert Bosch Gmbh Hand-held power tool with jamming-detection sensor
GB2306356A (en) * 1995-11-02 1997-05-07 Bosch Gmbh Robert Hand tool safety device
US6035945A (en) * 1997-04-18 2000-03-14 Hitachi Koki Co., Ltd. Operating mode switching apparatus for a hammer drill
GB2334909A (en) * 1998-03-04 1999-09-08 Scintilla Ag Torque clutch arrangement

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2392966A (en) * 2002-09-13 2004-03-17 Black & Decker Inc Power tool with overload clutch and an arrangement for detecting tool bit blocking
GB2392966B (en) * 2002-09-13 2006-05-31 Black & Decker Inc Rotary tool with overload clutch
US7121359B2 (en) 2002-12-24 2006-10-17 Robert Bosch Gmbh Drilling hammer having an external mechanism for selectively switching operation between impact drilling and chiseling modes
US7861799B2 (en) 2008-03-21 2011-01-04 Makita Corporation Impact tool

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB0128365D0 (en) 2002-01-16 grant
DE10058994A1 (en) 2002-06-06 application
GB2371008B (en) 2003-01-15 grant
JP2002219669A (en) 2002-08-06 application
DE10058994B4 (en) 2005-04-21 grant

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PCNP Patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 20051127