GB2344771A - Monitoring diminished NOx trap performance - Google Patents

Monitoring diminished NOx trap performance Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2344771A
GB2344771A GB9925994A GB9925994A GB2344771A GB 2344771 A GB2344771 A GB 2344771A GB 9925994 A GB9925994 A GB 9925994A GB 9925994 A GB9925994 A GB 9925994A GB 2344771 A GB2344771 A GB 2344771A
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United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
catalytic converter
nox storage
storage catalytic
method
characterised
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB9925994A
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GB9925994D0 (en
GB2344771B (en
GB2344771A8 (en
GB2344771B8 (en
Inventor
Hong Zhang
Corinna Pfleger
Wolfgang Ludwig
Dirk Voigtlaender
Walter Boegner
Christof Schoen
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Siemens AG
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Siemens AG
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Priority to DE19851564A priority Critical patent/DE19851564C2/en
Application filed by Siemens AG filed Critical Siemens AG
Publication of GB9925994D0 publication Critical patent/GB9925994D0/en
Publication of GB2344771A publication Critical patent/GB2344771A/en
Publication of GB2344771B publication Critical patent/GB2344771B/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of GB2344771A8 publication Critical patent/GB2344771A8/en
Publication of GB2344771B8 publication Critical patent/GB2344771B8/en
Application status is Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N3/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust
    • F01N3/08Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous
    • F01N3/0807Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by using absorbents or adsorbents
    • F01N3/0828Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by using absorbents or adsorbents characterised by the absorbed or adsorbed substances
    • F01N3/0842Nitrogen oxides
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/92Chemical or biological purification of waste gases of engine exhaust gases
    • B01D53/94Chemical or biological purification of waste gases of engine exhaust gases by catalytic processes
    • B01D53/9495Controlling the catalytic process
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N11/00Monitoring or diagnostic devices for exhaust-gas treatment apparatus, e.g. for catalytic activity
    • F01N11/007Monitoring or diagnostic devices for exhaust-gas treatment apparatus, e.g. for catalytic activity the diagnostic devices measuring oxygen or air concentration downstream of the exhaust apparatus
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02DCONTROLLING COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02D41/00Electrical control of supply of combustible mixture or its constituents
    • F02D41/02Circuit arrangements for generating control signals
    • F02D41/021Introducing corrections for particular conditions exterior to the engine
    • F02D41/0235Introducing corrections for particular conditions exterior to the engine in relation with the state of the exhaust gas treating apparatus
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02DCONTROLLING COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02D41/00Electrical control of supply of combustible mixture or its constituents
    • F02D41/02Circuit arrangements for generating control signals
    • F02D41/021Introducing corrections for particular conditions exterior to the engine
    • F02D41/0235Introducing corrections for particular conditions exterior to the engine in relation with the state of the exhaust gas treating apparatus
    • F02D41/027Introducing corrections for particular conditions exterior to the engine in relation with the state of the exhaust gas treating apparatus to purge or regenerate the exhaust gas treating apparatus
    • F02D41/0275Introducing corrections for particular conditions exterior to the engine in relation with the state of the exhaust gas treating apparatus to purge or regenerate the exhaust gas treating apparatus the exhaust gas treating apparatus being a NOx trap or adsorbent
    • F02D41/028Desulfurisation of NOx traps or adsorbent
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02DCONTROLLING COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02D41/00Electrical control of supply of combustible mixture or its constituents
    • F02D41/02Circuit arrangements for generating control signals
    • F02D41/14Introducing closed-loop corrections
    • F02D41/1438Introducing closed-loop corrections using means for determining characteristics of the combustion gases; Sensors therefor
    • F02D41/1473Introducing closed-loop corrections using means for determining characteristics of the combustion gases; Sensors therefor characterised by the regulation method
    • F02D41/1475Regulating the air fuel ratio at a value other than stoechiometry
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2550/00Monitoring or diagnosing the deterioration of exhaust systems
    • F01N2550/03Monitoring or diagnosing the deterioration of exhaust systems of sorbing activity of adsorbents or absorbents
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2570/00Exhaust treating apparatus eliminating, absorbing or adsorbing specific elements or compounds
    • F01N2570/04Sulfur or sulfur oxides
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02DCONTROLLING COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02D41/00Electrical control of supply of combustible mixture or its constituents
    • F02D41/02Circuit arrangements for generating control signals
    • F02D41/14Introducing closed-loop corrections
    • F02D41/1401Introducing closed-loop corrections characterised by the control or regulation method
    • F02D2041/1409Introducing closed-loop corrections characterised by the control or regulation method using at least a proportional, integral or derivative controller
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/20Exhaust after-treatment
    • Y02T10/22Three way catalyst technology, i.e. oxidation or reduction at stoichiometric equivalence ratio
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/20Exhaust after-treatment
    • Y02T10/24Selective Catalytic Reactors for reduction in oxygen rich atmosphere
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/40Engine management systems
    • Y02T10/47Exhaust feedback

Abstract

The ageing status of the NOx storage catalytic converter is expressed by means of an ageing factor (AF) which describes the current storage capacity of the NOx storage catalytic converter after it has been reduced by ageing influences. The ageing factor (AF) is compared in succession with multiple threshold values (SW1-SW3) of differing levels, where the level of the threshold values (SW1-SW3) decreases as the flow distance of the NOx storage catalytic converter increases. In the event of certain threshold values (SW1 - SW3) not being reached, different operational strategies are initiated for the NOx storage catalytic converter and/or the internal combustion engine, e.g: a sulphur purge.

Description

2344771

Description

Method for operating and checking of a NOx storage reduction catalytic converter for a lean internal combustion engine The invention relates to a method for the operation and checking of a NOx storage reduction catalytic converter for a lean internal combustion engine in accordance with the pre-characterising clause of Claim 1.

In order to further reduce the fuel consumption of motor vehicles powered by an internal combustion engine, increasingly frequent use is made of internal combustion engines which are operated with a lean mixture at least in selected operating ranges.

In order to meet exhaust gas emission limit value requirements, special exhaust gas secondary treatment is needed for lean internal combustion engines of this type. NOx storage reduction catalytic converters, referred to simply as NOx storage catalytic converters in the following, are used for this purpose.

By virtue of their coating, these NOx storage catalytic converters are able during a storage phase, also referred to as a loading phase, to adsorb NOx compounds from the exhaust gas produced during lean combustion. During a regeneration phase the adsorbed, or stored, NOx compounds are converted into harmless compounds through the addition of a reducing agent. CO, H2 and HC (hydrocarbons) can be used as the reducing agent for lean internal combustion engines. These are produced by operating the internal combustion engine for a short period with a rich mixture and are made available to the NOx storage catalytic converter in the form of exhaust gas components, as a consequence of which the stored NOx compounds are broken down in the catalytic converter.

2 NOx storage catalytic converters of this type are tlerefore loaded and unloaded in cyclical fashion, where the extent of the loa4ing process is limited by the storage capacity of the NOx storage catalytic cnverter. This storage capacity is subject to degradation over the operationl life of the internal combustion engine as a result of a wide range of influo: ncing factors such as thermal ageing or sulphurisation.

If the current storage capacity of the catalytic converte' is ascertained in an i appropriate manner, this information can be used io provide optimum adjustment of control facilities for the catalytic converteir (e.g. duration of the storage and regeneration phases, initiation of a dqsulphatisation phase, transition to stoichiometric motor operation) with regard to emission behaviour and fuel consumption and also, if necssary, to provide a malfunction indication with regard to the operabilit of the exhaust gas system.

The object of the invention is therefore to set down a mTthod which offers the best possible means of control and assessment with regald to the activity of the 1 NOx storage catalytic converter whilst taking into coisideration the ageing status of the NOx storage catalytic. converter.

"This object is achieved by the features described in C[aim 1. Useful further embodiments of the invention are set down in the subcla ms.

The current storage capacity of the NOx storage -.atalytic converter is calculated from the stored quantity of NOx and the associated loading level of the NOx storage catalytic converter, using the signal om a sensor) located downstream of the NOx storage catalytic converter, which is capable of determining the concentration of at least one exhauJ, gas component. This 3 allows an ageing factor for the NOx storage catalytic converter to be derived which defines the current storage capacity of the NOx storage catalytic converter after it has been reduced by external influences. The ageing factor is compared in succession with multiple threshold values of differing levels, where the level of the threshold values decreases as the flow distance of the NOx storage catalytic converter increases. In the event of certain threshold values not being reached, different operational strategies are initiated for the NOx storage catalytic converter and/or the internal combustion engine.

One advantage of using this strategy is that the converter does not need to be replaced when its NOx storage capacity has fallen irreversibly below a minimum value; instead, the operational mode of the internal combustion engine is adapted to the status of the NOx storage catalytic converter.

A further advantage is that when desulphatisation of the NOx storage catalytic converter has been activated, the calculation of the storage capacity increment takes into consideration the dependency on the current value of the ageing factor along with the dependency on the converter temperature and the current air/fuel ratio.

The invention will be described in the following with reference to the drawing. In the drawing:

Figure I shows a schematic representation of an internal combustion engine with a NOx exhaust gas secondary treatment system, Figure 2 shows a flowchart enabling evaluation of the ageing factor, 4 Figure 3 shows a diagram illustrating the progression or the ageing factor in relation to the flow distance of the NOx storage catalytic converter, and Figure 4 shows a diagram illustrating the progression' of the ageing factor i over the flow distance and the operational strategy derived from this I during lean operation of the internal combustion engine.

In the form of a block diagram, Fig. I illustrates a lea I internal combustion engine with a NOx exhaust gas secondary treatment ystem in which the I method according to the invention is applied. The diaram shows only the components which are required to understand the inventi n.

An air/fuel mixture is fed to the lean internal combustior engine 10 by way of an induction port 11. Viewed in the direction of flow of the intake air, the induction port I I contains, in sequence, a load sensor the form of an air mass meter 12, a throttle-valve block 13 with a throttle va ve 14 an a throttlevalve sensor (not shown) for determining the angle of pening of the throttle valve 14 and, according to the number of cylinders, a set of injection valves 15, of which only one is shown. The method accordin to the invention can, 9 however, also be used in a system in which the fuel is injected directly into the cylinders in question (direct injection).

On the outlet side, the internal combustion engine I) is connected to an exhaust gas port 16. This exhaust gas port 16 contains an exhaust gas secondary treatment system for lean exhaust gas. This s tem consists of a precatalytic converter 17 (three-way catalytic converter)l located close to the internal combustion engine 10, and a NOx storage reduction catalytic converter 18 referred to simply as a NOx storage catalytic converter in the following, which is located after the pre-catalytic converter 17 in the exhaust gas flow direction.

The sensor system for the exhaust gas secondary treatment system consists of an oxygen sensor 19 upstream of the pre-catalytic converter 17, a temperature sensor 20 in the connecting pipe between pre-catalytic converter 17 and NOx storage catalytic converter 18 close to the inlet area of the latter, and a further oxygen sensor 21 downstream of the NOx storage catalytic converter 18. Instead of the temperature sensor 20, which measures the exhaust gas temperature and whose signal can be used to calculate the temperature of the NOx storage catalytic converter 18 on the basis of a temperature model, it is also possible to measure the NOx storage catalytic converter temperature directly. In Fig. 1, a temperature sensor 201 of this type which directly measures the monolithic temperature of the NOx storage catalytic converter 18 has been drawn with a broken line.

The calculation or measurement of the temperature of the NOx storage catalytic converter 18 is required in order to optimise fuel consumption control and exhaust gas emission control for the system. Catalytic converter heating or catalytic converter protection measures are also initiated or prohibited on the basis of this temperature signal.

By preference, a broadband lambda probe is used for the oxygen sensor 19 which provides a steady, e.g. linear output signal depending on the oxygen content in the exhaust gas. The signal provided by this broadband lambda probe serves to control the air ratio during lean operation and during the regeneration phase with a rich mixture in accordance with the predetermined desired values. This function is handled by an already familiar lambda 6 regulation device 22 which is by preference integrated into a control unit 23 controlling the operation of the internal combustion engir e 10.

Such electronic control facilities which normally contain 1 a microprocessor and which in addition to fuel injection and ignition also han le a large number of other control and regulation functions including control of the exhaust gas secondary treatment system are already known; therefo e. their structure and mode of operation are described in the following only ' to the extent that is relevant to the invention. In particular, the control u 23 is connected to a memory unit 24 which serves to store information including various characteristic curves and fields, and threshold values WI-SW3, SWO, the respective meanings of which are explained in detail in e descriptions of the following figures. The memory unit additionally inco orates a malfunction raemory 25 which has an associated malfunction indicator device 26. By preference, the malfunction indicator device 26 is implemented in the form of

1 a malfunction indication lamp (NfiL).

A temperature sensor 29 registers a signal corresponding' to the temperature of the internal combustion engine, for example through measurement of the coolant temperature. The rotational speed of the internal combustion engine is registered by means of a sensor 30 which scans markin s on the crankshaft or a transmitter wheel connected to tile crankshaft.

The output signal from the air mass meter 12 and the si nals from the throttlevalve sensor, the oxygen sensors 19, 21, the temperature sensors 20, 29, and the rotational speed sensor 30 are fed to the contr unit 23 by way of corresponding connecting leads.

7 For controlling and regulating the internal combustion engine 10, apart from being connected to an ignition unit 27 for the air/fuel mixture, the control unit 23 is also connected by way of a data and control line 28 (shown only in schematic form) to other sensors and actuators which are not shown explicitly.

For regulating the fuel/air mixture of the internal combustion engine in the optimum lambda window during stoichiometric operation, the signal from the oxygen sensor 21 located as a reference probe downstream of the NOx storage catalytic converter 18 is required. A zirconium oxide Zr02 based binary lambda probe (2-point lambda probe), for example, can be used for the oxygen sensor 21; this probe exhibits a step characteristic at a lambda value of.=1 with regard to its output signal. This probe signal from the lambda probe located downstream of the NOx storage catalytic converter 18 is also used for controlling the storage regeneration and for adapting model variables such as the oxygen storage capacity or NOx storage capacity of the NOx storage catalytic converter 18, for example, and for registering the ageing status of the NOx storage catalytic converter 18.

Instead of a binary lambda probe, any sensor whose output signal allows a conclusion to be drawn regarding a switch from a lean to a rich exhaust gas mixture composition, or vice versa, downstream of the NOx storage catalytic converter 18. In particular, an HC sensor or a NOx sensor can be used.

The ageing status of the NOx storage catalytic converter 18 is registered by means of the sensor 21 located downstream of the NOx storage catalytic converter 18, through evaluation of its output signal.

The ageing status of the NOx storage catalytic converter should be expressed by means of an ageing factor. This ageing factor describes the current storage 8 capacity of the NOx storage catalytic converter after ithas been reduced by ag,eing influences. It registers deterioration in the storage capacity resulting both from sulphate formation caused by the sulphur contained in the fuel and frorn ageing effects. It is assumed for the other versio 1 that a high value for this ageing factor corresponds to an as-new converter, while a low value for this ageing factor corresponds to a NOx storage cata 1 ytic converter in an ageing condition. However, it is also possible for the scal I. to be reversed.

In German patent application P 198 23 921.1 filed by e same applicant, a method is described which makes it possible to determine the current storage capacity of the NOx storage catalytic converter both from the signals from an oxygen sensor located downstream of a NOx storage catalytic converter and also from a NOx sensor, and allows conclusions to be drawn on the efficacy and operability of the converter.

On the basis of the flowchart in Fig. 2, the method exF'Iains how the ageing factor AF is evaluated to provide control and diagnostic facilities for the NOx storage catalytic converter 18.

In the first method step S1, a check is performed to determine whether the ageing factor AF falls below a first threshold value SW1. If this is the case, a desulphatisation phase is requested in step S2; otherwise' 1 the method branches back to step 1. If this desulphatisation phase cannot be implemented, e.g. because the temperature level required for desulphatisal Ion is not reached by the NOx storage catalytic converter 18, and the ageing factor AF continues to fall, then on failure to reach a further threshold value SW2 (interrogated in step S3) needed to attain the temperature level required for desulphatisation, an increase in exhaust gas temperature is requested (steri S4), e.g. by retarding lhe ignition angle or by means of double injection. In this way it is possible to 9 attain the temperature level required for initiation of a desulphatisation phase even when the load on the internal combustion engine is low.

The temperature of the NOx storage catalytic converter at the time when an exhaust gas temperature increase is activated (outlet temperature level) is, in addition to being dependent on the temperature level for the NOx storage catalytic converter required for the desulphatisation operations, also dependent on the temperature difference which needs to be bridged in order to attain a temperature level needed for the desulphatisation operations, and on the current value of the ageing factor. The further the value of the ageing factor AF falls, the higher is the permissible temperature difference to be bridged. This relationship is represented in the form of the graph in Fig. 3.

If it is not even possible to attain the outlet temperature level reduced in this way and if the ageing factor AF continues to fall, then on failure to reach a third threshold value SW3 (interrogated in method step S5) lean operation of the internal combustion engine is prohibited and the NOx storage capacity of the NOx storage catalytic converter 18 then no longer comes into play.

From this point in time the NOx storage catalytic converter 18 is operated as a conventional three-way catalytic converter and a malfunction entry is made in the malfunction memory 25 (method step S6). The central malfunction indication lamp is not illuminated. The malfunction memory can be read out by means of suitable tools. Alternatively, the vehicle can then be operated with an air ratio of lambda=1 or the NOx storage catalytic converter 18 can be replaced.

If the motor vehicle continues to be operated with a stoichiometric mixture corresponding to an air ratio of lambda=l, the NOx storage catalytic converter 18 continues to age and the oxygen storage capabili: of the NOx storage catalytic converter 18 continues to fall.

This oxygen storage capability can be diagnosed by means of known diagnostic methods (method step S8). One method of checking the oxygen storage capability and thus the three-way properties of the NOx storage catalytic converter 18 consists, for example, in evaluating the output signals from the sensors located upstream and downstream of the NOx storage catalytic converter (DE 4140 618 AI). If the oxygen storage capability falls below a prespecified minimum permissible threshold value SWO, then the NOx storage catalytic converter 18 is considered to be no longer operable and it must be replaced. In this case, the malfunction i dication lamp 26 'is illuminated.

If the attainment of the temperature level required in order to initiate desulphatisation is detected and if desulphatisation is requested, a desulphatising atmosphere is created in the NOx storage catalytic converter 18 by means of appropriate measures, for example by ffirther increasing the exhaust gas temperature or by appropriate setting of the e ir/fuel ratio.

If a desulphatising atmosphere is detected, the value fo the ageing factor AF is raised in a suitable manner. This increment can be dependent for example on the current air/fuel ratio, on the temperature of the NOx storage catalytic 1 converter, and on the current value of the ageing factor AF.

lf lean operation of the internal combustion engine is again permissible after a desulphatisation operation has taken place on the basi s of the value of the ageing factor AF, the correction of the increased ageing factor AF which results from desulphatisation is performed in the next stages of ageing detection. If during this process the storage capacity of the NOx storage catalytic converter 18 is found not to have risen by a required amount as a result of desulphatisation, it is assumed that the NOx storage capacity of the NOx storage catalytic converter has fallen irreversibly below a minimum value. From this point in time, lean operation is prohibited and no further desulphatisation is requested. The method is continued with the method steps S6-S8 described previously.

Fig. 4 shows the progression of the ageing factor AF over the flow distance of the NOx storage catalytic converter and the operational strategy derived from this during lean operation of the internal combustion engine. In addition to the individual threshold values SW1-SW3, a value AFN is entered on the ordinate in this diagram which indicates the ageing factor of an as-new NOx storage catalytic converter. The associated points in time G-G at which the measures described above are initiated are entered for the individual threshold values SW1-SW3.

12

Claims (14)

Claims
1, Method for operating and checking of the activity of a NOx storage catalytic converter (18) located in an exhaust gas port (16) of an internal combustion engine (10), - which stores NOx contained in the exhaust gas during a storage phase and, when a predefined loading has been reached, converts stored NOx during a regeneration phase through the addition of a reducing agent in order to empty the NOx storage catalytic converter (18), and - the current storage capacity of the NOx storage catalytic converter (18) is calculated from the stored quantity of NOx and the associated loading level of the NOx storage catalytic converter (18) by usi. ig the signal from a sensor (2 1) located downstream of the NOx storage c Ltalytic converter (18) which detects the concentration of at least one exhau& gas component, - from this is derived an ageing factor (AF) for the Ox storage catalytic converter (18), which defines the current storage -apacity of the NOx storage catalytic converter (18) after it has been reduced by external influences, and the ageing factor (AF) is compared in succession with multiple threshold values (SW1-SW3) of differing levels, where the vel of the threshold values (SW1-SW3) decreases as the flow distance of the NOx storage catalytic converter increases, and in the event of certain threshold values (SW1-SW) not being reached, different operational strategies are initiated for the NOx storage catalytic converter (18) and/or the internal combustion engine 10).
2. Method in accordance with Claim 1, characterised i that the ageing factor (AF) is compared with a first threshold value (SW1) an i t e irst threshold 13 value (SW1) is not reached, a desulphatisation phase is requested for the NOx storage catalytic converter (18).
3. Method in accordance with Claim 2, characterised in that after a desulphatisation phase has been requested through temperature increase, a desulphatising atmosphere is created and the value for the ageing factor (AF) is raised by means of an incremental value during the desulphatisation phase.
4. Method in accordance with Claim 3, characterised in that the definition of the incremental value for the ageing factor (AF) is dependent on at least one of the following variables: temperature of the NOx storage catalytic converter (18), air/fuel ratio, current value of the ageing factor (AF).
5. Method in accordance with Claim 2, characterised in that the ageing factor (AF) is compared with a second threshold value (SW2), lower compared with the first threshold value (SW1), if the requested desulphatisation phase for the NOx storage catalytic converter (18) cannot be carried out because the temperature level is too low and, if the second threshold value (SW2) is not reached, an increase in exhaust gas temperature is requested.
6. Method in accordance with Claim 5, characterised in that the ageing factor (AF) is compared with a third threshold value (SW3), lower compared with the second threshold value (SW2), if the temperature level for desulphatisation is not reached and, if the third threshold value (SW3) is not reached, lean operation of the internal combustion engine (10) is no longer permitted.
7. Method in accordance with Claim 6, characterised in that if the third threshold value (SW3) is not reached, a malfunction entry is made in a malfunction memory (25) of a memory unit (24) which is associated with a control unit (23) serving to control the internal combustion engine (10).
1 14
8. Method in accordance with Claim 6, characterised in that if the third threshold value (SW3) is not reached, the NOx storage catalytic converter (18) is operated as a three-way catalytic converter.
9. Method in accordance with Claim 6, characterised in that if the third threshold value (SW3) is not reached, the internal combustion engine is operated with a stoichiometric air/fuel mixture.
10. Method in accordance with Claims 6 and 8, characterised in that if the third threshold value (SW3) is not reached, the oxyge storage capability of the NOx storage catalytic converter (18) is determined by means of the output signals from the sensors (19,2 1) located upstream and downstream of the NOx storage catalytic converter (18), is compared with a prespecified threshold value (SWO) and, if the threshold value (SWO) is not reached, the NOx storage catalytic converter (18) is considered to be no longer opwable.
11. Method in accordance with Claim 10, characterised 1 in that a malfunction indication lamp (26) is illuminated to indicate that the NOx storage catalytic c,.onverter (18) is considered to be no longer operable.
1.2. Method in accordance with Claim 1, characterised in that an oxygen sensor which registers the oxygen concentration is used as the sensor (2 1).
13. Method in accordance with Claim 1, characterised in that a NOx sensor which registers the nitrogen oxide concentration is used s the sensor (2 1).
14. Method in accordance with Claim 1, characterised In that an HC sensor, ,.vhich registers the hydrocarbon concentration is used as the sensor (21).
GB9925994A 1998-11-09 1999-11-04 Method for operating and checking of a NOx storagereduction catalytic converter for a lean internal combustion engine Expired - Fee Related GB2344771B8 (en)

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GB2380431A (en) * 2001-06-19 2003-04-09 Ford Global Tech Inc A system for controlling a purge time cycle and a fill time cycle of an emission control device.
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CN101592060B (en) 2008-05-28 2013-09-18 福特环球技术公司 Exhaust gas after-treatment device and method for operating the same
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GB9925994D0 (en) 2000-01-12
DE19851564A1 (en) 2000-05-11
GB2344771B (en) 2002-09-18
GB2344771A8 (en) 2014-01-29
FR2785640B1 (en) 2005-04-15
GB2344771B8 (en) 2014-01-29
FR2785640A1 (en) 2000-05-12
DE19851564C2 (en) 2000-08-24

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