GB2340653A - Repositionable sign - Google Patents

Repositionable sign Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2340653A
GB2340653A GB9919800A GB9919800A GB2340653A GB 2340653 A GB2340653 A GB 2340653A GB 9919800 A GB9919800 A GB 9919800A GB 9919800 A GB9919800 A GB 9919800A GB 2340653 A GB2340653 A GB 2340653A
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GB
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Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
transfer
tape
vinyl
adhesive
side
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB9919800A
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GB2340653B (en )
GB9919800D0 (en )
Inventor
Peter Shaw Lingamfelter
Original Assignee
Peter Shaw Lingamfelter
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F7/00Signs, name or number plates, letters, numerals, or symbols; Panels or boards
    • G09F7/16Letters, numerals, or other symbols adapted for permanent fixing to a support
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C1/00Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects
    • B44C1/10Applying flat materials, e.g. leaflets, pieces of fabrics
    • B44C1/105Applying flat materials, e.g. leaflets, pieces of fabrics comprising an adhesive layer

Abstract

A sign is made by providing a flexible sheet having an adhesive side and a nonadhesive side the nonadhesive having a precut vinyl signage display thereon, the adhesive side being capable of repeatedly releasably adhering itself to a supporting surface; mounting the flexible sheet to the support surface for display purposes and subsequently removing and remounting the flexible sheet to the support surface.

Description

2340653 Title - A METHOD FOR TRANSFERRING VINYL DESIGNS FROM A HOST

BACKING MATERIAL TO A SUBSTRATE Inventors: Peter Shaw Lingamfelter

Field of the invention:

Sign making, more specifically, utilizing a unique method of transferring vinyl sign designs from a host backing to a substrate.

Background of the Invention:

In the last 15 years or so, the jise of vinyl for sign making, especially for designating letters or numbers, has become common. Sheets of vinyl, which are adhered to a protective (typically paper) backing host utilizing an adhesive, are cut into the desired shape and then transferred from their protective backing to a suitable substrate. These vinyl letters and/or numbers or other designs_are frequently used on automobiles, planes, billboards, windows, sign substrates, and the like. The letters and/or numbers and/or devices come in various sizes and colors.

Sign makers transfer the vinyl letters from the paper backing to the substrate -through the use of transfer tape. Several companies that provide distribute tape are: Spartan International, Inc., 1845 Cedar Holt, MI 48842; R Tape Corp., llt'6 Ingersol Road, South Plainfield, NJ 07080; and Vector TM Graphics, 925 Sawmill

River Road, Yonkers, NY 10710. The transfer tape comes in a roll and is usually op4cjue, sometimes non-opague. The transfer tape is sticky on one s'Lde and is flexible. The sign maker removes the transfer tape from its roll and cuts it to a size sufficient to transfer the vinyl letters from their backing to the substrate. The transfer tape is pressed against the precut vinyl design and the pressure- sensitive adhesive picks up the vinyl off its backing. The vinyl designs are then ready to place against the substrate. Pressure against the transfer paper and vinyl applied evenly helps ensure good adhesion of the design to the substrate. Following the transfer, the transfer tape is pulled off the designs and then discarded.

U.S. Patent No. 4,339,886 (Griffith, et al. 1982) discloses a lettering kit and alignment grid which utilizes the transfer of 2 a specific font style of letter from a host to an alignment grid with a subsequent use of a transfer sheet to move a number of designs from the alignment grid to a substrate. Griffith does not disclose a method for moving designs from a host backing to a substrate through multiple use of a transfer tape.

Heretofore, the transfer tape has not been capable of multiple transfers in duplicating the process of transferring the designs from the backing to the substrate. That is, heretofore, transfer tape has been "single use". Moreover, transfer tape has, heretofore, been self destructive. By self destructive it is meant that, if one portion of the adhesion side of the transfer tape is to t ouch another portion of the same side of the transfer tape, subsequent separation typically removes the adhesive layer from one of the two touching portions or destroys its adhesive ability.

Clearly, utility lies in the discovery of a medium to use in place of the heretofore available transfer tape which will allow multiple uses of the same piece of transfer tape for a multiplicity of transfers. Moreover., it is clear that utility will lie in the use of a transfer tape that is non-self destructive -- meaning that, if one adhesive portion of the transfer tape touches another, subsequent separation will not destroy the tackiness and ability of the tape to subsequently transfer vinyl from a protective host backing to a substrate. This "forgiveness" feature, for example, is useful in temporary storage or in the case of accidental contact of adhesive side to adhesive side. Utility also lies in the utilization of a clear transfer tape so as to allow better positioning of the design to the substrate, especially where registration marks or the like are applied to the substrate to assist in positioning. Last, utility lies in the use of a transfer tape tha-t, between transfers, can be placed sticky side down onto a temporary backing medium to protect its adhesive side when not in use, but which may be released and reused for transfers without destroying its tackiness.

Thus, utility is provided in transfer tape that provides sufficient tack (adhesive) capabilities (including tack retention) such that it can be used repeatedly to transfer vinyl letters from a host backing to a' substrate. Further utility lies in a transfer 3 tape sufficiently clear to allow proper positioning of the vinyl letter material to the substrate. Further utility lies in t)1e use of a transfer tape that can be placed against foreign surfaces but which will release and allow re-adhesion to vinyl sign material capable to lift such material off its backing. Further utility lies in the use of a transfer tape that has a high shelf life, specifically one which, after one or more uses, may be set aside for a period of approximately 30 days and then reused to transfer vinyl sign material from a paper backing to a substrate.

SMdMARY OF THE INVENTION in summary, applicant's unique method provides for the use of a single piece of transfer tape for multiple transfers from a host backing directly to a substrate, with the transfer tape being forgiving, clear, having a high shelf life, and being non-self destructive. Such a method has been heretofore unavailable.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Figures 1-5 illustrate, in perspective views, the steps, set forth sequentially, of applicant's method.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMEN'T

Figs. 1-5 illustrate a typical transfer operation whose objective is to transfer vinyl designs (such as letters) from an adhesive backing to a substrate.

Here, in Fig.' 1, the user is illustrated holding a piece of appropriately sized transfer tape (10) stretched between his hands and poised to place it, adhesive side down, to vinyl sign material (12) with letters (14) cut out.

Fig% 2 illustrates the application of transfer tape (10) to letters (14) by applying pressure, as through a squeegee (16).

Fig. 3 illustrates the user holding vinyl sign material (12) down as transfer tape (10) is lifted off, the lift off releasing letters (14) from the paper backing of vinyl sign material (12) and ontcr the adhesive side of transfer tape (1o).

Fig. 4 illustrates transfer tape (10) with all of vinyl letters (14) attached to the adhesive side thereof, having been 4 lifted off from their paper backing, with the user poised to place the letters on substrate (18) in their preferred location.

Fig. 5 illustrates the removal of transfer tape (10) from letters (14), letters (14) having been adhered to by the application of pressure, as through a squeegee (16) (see Fig. 2), being rubbed across the nonadhesive side of transfer tape (10) to force the letters (14) onto substrate (18). The removal of the transfer tape leaves letters (14) on the substrate (18). The removal is effected by a slow uniform pull of one end of the transfer tape (10) across the substrate, generally along the longitudinal axis of the transfer tape.

Applicant's method then, is for the repetition of the above steps using the same piece of transfer tape for transferring vinyl signage designs which have an adhesive and nonadhesive side, the adhesive side adhering to a protective backing or host paper to a substrate, typicallyglass, metal, fiberglass, wood, stiff plastic, styrene, or the like, using a trans fher member, the transfer member having an adhesive side and a nonadhesive side. one trans f er member sufficient to practice applicant's method is presently being sold under the trademark MAGIC COVERO, the registered trademark of Kittrich Corporation, MAGIC COVERO Division, 4500 District Boulevard, Los Angeles, California 90058. Vinyl signage members are supplied to the sign industry by such companies as Spartan International, Inc., 1845 Cedar Holt, MI 48842; Vector TM Graphics, 925 Sawmill River Road, Yonkers, NY 10710; and Universal Products, Inc., 21 Industrial 57, Goddard, KS 67052. Typically the vinyl signage material is on a backing paper that comes in rolls about inches1wide in a variety of color and thicknesses, typically _ (5 1,0% 3 -02"M 1 M between 2 m1l_and 4 M I- t-, ick.

Applicant's preferred transfer member is the MAGIC COVEERO self-adhesive, vinyl, decorative coverings from Kittrich th t ' (740- 35 s available in clear. Another preferred embodiment uses 3 mi.Lulear vinyl with a mix of water-based adhesives, about 30k shelf paper adhesive, and 701 book cover adhesive to coat the adhesive side of the vinyl. Such a tape is available under t he trademark EXAC-TAC from Exac-Tac, 635 S. Hill Avenue, New Braunfels, Texas '78130. Heretofore, the Kittrich product has been provided to consumers to affix to the surface of shelves, notebooks, pages, diplomas, posters, cards, books and manuals, newspapers clippings, and the like in order to provide protection and durability to the substrate while allowing viewing of the covered and protected document,.sbelf or sheet. The nature of the self-adhesive vinyl MAGIC COVERO member has been found to provide the surprising and beneficial advantages heretofore unrealized in existing transfer tape namely, reusability, allowing repeated transfers utilizing the same transfer member. Heretofore, available transfer tape has been used for a single transfer (or, at most, two) of a design from its host paper backing to the substrate and then thrown away. Additional designs or transfers are done with additional sheets of transer tape. Applicant has discovered a unique usage of the MAGIC COVERO material heretofore unused in the signage industry by applying its is highly desirable adhesive characteristics to a unique method of repeatedly reusing the same transfer member for removing vinyl signage designs from protective host paper to a substrate.

An additional property applicant has discovered is the use of the transfer tape to transfer vinyl designs or other graphics to paper or cardboard without the transfer tape sticking to the paper,or cardboard, as has prior art transfer paper.

Thus, applicant's method begins with the following materials: a properly sized transfer member, such as the MAGIC COVERO; and a sheet of vinyl signage material with the letters, numbers, or other pleasing designs cut out from the roll, typically by use of computers through- devices and methods known in the trade.

working in a clean, flat, well-lit area, the worker first applies the adhesive side of the transfer member, after having removed the backing paper (if it comes with backing paper) from the transfer'member and laying the backing paper aside for storing the transfer member when not in use or other suitable clean storage surface. Applying the adhesive side of the transfer member to a first vinyl signage design is done with sufficient pressure against the back (nonadhesive) side of the transfer member to adhere the adhesive side of the transfer member to the nonadhesive side of the vinyl signage design. When this is completed, the transfer member is lifted to remove from the paper host material the vinyl signage 6 design. Application of the vinyl signage design to the substrate is the next step. This is done by applying the vinyl signage design in the appropriate location on the substrate and then applying smooth and uniform pressure across the transfer member, urging the adhesive side of the vinyl signage design against the surface of the substrate sufficiently to assure complete and uniform adhesion of the vinyl signage material to the substrate in its proper location. This concluded, removal of the transfer member from the nonadhesive side of the first vinyl side material is proper.

- Applicant has discovered a novel method utilizing the heretofore undiscovered (for transfer purposes) material, MAGIC COVERO from Kittrich Corporation, which has the unique ability to retain sufficient adhesion and tackiness to be reused under normal working conditions, typically up to at least 15 times. Applicant has used a single piece 56 times, and it still had sufficient tackiness. Moreover, applicant provides the unique step of allowing the placement of the adhesive side of the transfer member to its original backing papers or other materials, such as vinyl signage design material, while still being capable of being released and reused for transfer purposes. Applicant's method allows the transfer tape to stick to itself when folded onto itself, and to retain its usefulness when pulled apart for reuse.

Applicant has performed the following tests, all utilizing the MAGIC COVERO material:

7/1bb AA TEST 1 Utilizing 3 mnl Vector vinyl sign material provided by vector Gr hics, Inc. of Yonkers, New York 10710, letters were cut into t 411teight for transfer from the host paper backing matpxia to a plast, a corrugated plastic sheet approximately 1/4 "Lthick, in a clean, dry state. Appl",cant measured and cut a piece of (1!FCPMJ") 4500"01) MAGIC COVERO 6"Lhigh and 18"Lin length. The paper backing was removed and transfer, according to the steps set forth above, was 35 repeated. The vinyl is precut and the undesired vinyl is removed.

A series of 15 words containing 6 letters prespaced on the vinyl backing material was transferred and accurately positioned, one set 7 below the other, on the substrate in approximately 8 minutes it was observed during this test that, throughout the 15 transfers, there was no discernable loss in the ability of the transfer paper to pick up additional signage material (vinyl or any other like adhesive sign material) after the first signage material was transferred.

TEST 2 The same steps of Test I were repeated except that, between each transfer, the transfer member was firmly placed, adhesive side down, on the protective backing paper that the vinyl signage material was removed from. Between each step, the transfer member had to be removed from the backing material; and no discernable curling of the transfer material or loss of tackiness or ability to effect proper adhesion to the vinyl signage material was noticed.

TEST 3 The same steps of Test 1 were repeated except that, prior to the application of the vinyl signage material to the substrate, the substrate material surface to receive the vinyl is sprayed with a mist coating of water, the vinyl letters are applied and squeegeed with sufficient pressure.

Applicant notes that, compared to presently existing transfer tape (which loses its adhesion when it touches the water on the substrate), applicant's uniqie step allows for repeated use of the same transfer member, even when it has been dampened with water picked up from the substrate.

CQM2ARISON TESTS Applicant's comparison test method consists of the following steps: 6000--) (Atso A) cutting vinyl letters, all the same size (4111high and 18"L long) f rom the same roll of vinyl; B) preparing the substrate (in this case, clean styrene) onto which letters are to be transferred by wiping with a clean, wet rag and allowing to dry; (s is o m.) 4 90 m -) C) placing transfer tape (611 1 X 18). over letters; D) applying constant pressure o transfer tape through thq (s -46 ss (g) - C> 2t..A j application of 12 lbs. t of weight on. a 40 square inchl patch to pick up the letters; E) making 8 passes of the weight at a constant speed over the transfer tape (a. pass is the weight going over the tape one time, one way); F) lifting the transfer tape slowly, with uniform pressure, with letters on tape; G) placing transfer tape, with letters, onto styrene (no additional pressure applied); H) using same weight and patch (as in D above) to apply pressure; I) making 8 passes of the weight at a constant speed over the transfer tape (a pass is the weight going over the tar)e one time, one way); and j) pulling transfer tape up.

RESULTS 1. The above process (A-J) was repeated using one 6"ix 18,11 piece of MAGIC COVERO a total of 15 times with 100! effectiveness each time.

2. The piece of MAGIC COVERO used in 1,111 was then folded together (in half), opened and used in the same process (A-J above 1 time) with 100% effectiveness. (ic;oaq%m) (45(59--) 3. The above process (A-.J) was done using one 611 LX 1811/piece of Vectorm System 3 Premium Application Tape 3 times: the first time with 100k effectiveness, the second time with 70% effectiveness, and the third and subsequent attempts yielding 0% effectiveness. The Vector' System 3 Premium Application Tape-was useless as a transfer tape after the second use. Vector' System 3 Premium Application Tape is a transfer tape with the same weight, color, and adhesiveness (and other properties) as many other transfer tapes used in the sign industry. There are many brand names of transfer tape with their product interchangeable with other companies' transfer tapes.

9 4. The tests were all done under the same conditions and variables and by the same individual.

5. The word "effectiveness" as used above means applying transfer tape, lifting letters, and reapplying transfer tape with letters on it to the substrate, then lifting the transfer tape off of the letters and leaving 0-100!k of the letters on the designated substrate (100k being all the letters, 50k being half the letters, etc.), as desired, without letters sticking to the transfer tape or not releasing from the transfer tape when appropriate.

G. The "letters" in the above process could be any shape, design, numbers, or the like. The purpose was to use identical shapes and sizes in all testing under the same conditions. The term vinyl signage designs is used to denote numbers, letters, or any vinyl designs.

7. A second decorative covering that has been found to be effective as a transfer tape according to applicant's novel method is sold under the registered trademark TYE-TAC@. TYE-TACO is the registered trademark of Tye-Sil Corporation Ltd. of 5505 Des Grandes Prairies Boulevard, Montreal, Quebec Canada HIR 1B3 (a Canadian corporation).

Applicant also, utilizing the unique transfer tape as set forth above, provides a method for making a sign for display purposes wherein the method includes providing a flexible sheet having an adhesive-coated side and a nonadhesive side, the nonadhesive side having a signage or design thereon, the nonadhesive side being capable of repeatedly releasably adhering to the support surface. The utility lies in the fact that the sign technician, in mounting the flexible sheet having the signage design thereon to a support surface, may inadvertently misposition it. Additionally, the utility lies on the sign being of a temnorary nature, where the sheet can be removed from the support surface and either placed on a storage board or folded onto itself, with the adhesive side of one portion of the sign touching the adhesive side of the other, so the adhesive does not pick up dust, etc. Utility also lies in the method of making a sign using the forgiving flexible sheet in that, if during the handling of the sheet and placement of the sheet on the support surface the REPLACEMENT PAGE adhesive side of one portion touches the adhesive side of a second portion, it can be straightened out for placement on the support z-,=- face without destroying the adhesiveness. In other words, Applicant provides in a tape with the unique properties set forth above, but with signage, designs, letters, etc., on the surface thereof, a novel method of making a sign for display purposes. it is known that Applicant's unique method can be practiced with the transfer tape set forth above with signage applied through one of four different ways: thermal color transfer, wax color transfer, rosin-based ink, and acrylic paint (paint jet).

The adhesive side of the single piece of transfer member may be placed against a holding surface and subsequently removed from that holding surface any time before, during or after applying the adhesive side of the single piece of the transfer member to a is signage design. The transfer member may be removed from the support surface and remounted to the support surface for temporary storage.

The flexible sheet (the transfer sheet), with the vinyl signage thereon, can be mounted to a support surface and removed and remounted, without the vinyl coming off, if, for example, the signage is not in the proper position or otherwise misaligned.

Terms such as "left," "right," "up," "down," "bottom," "top," "front," "back," "in," "out,". and like are applicable to the embodiments shown and described in conjunction with the drawings.

These terms are -merely for purposes of description and do not necessarily apply to the position or manner in which the invention may be constructed for use.

Although the invention has been described in connection with the preferred embodiment, it- is not intended to limit the invention's particular form set forth, but on the contrary, it is intended to cover such alternatives, modifications, and equivalences that may be included in the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (3)

1. A method for making a sign for display purposes, the methodincluding the steps of:
providing a flexible sheet having an adhesive side and a nonadhesive side, the. nonadhesive side having a precut vinyl signage display thereon, the adhesive side being capable of repeatedly releasably adhering itself to a support surface; mounting the flexible sheet to the support surface for display purposes; and subsequently removing and remounting the flexible sheet to the support surface.
2. The method as set forth in Claim I, further providing the step of temporarily storing the flexible sheet on a storage board by applying the adhesive surface to the storage board, sa id temporary mounting step being utilized following the providing step.
3. The method for making a sign for display purposes as set forth in Claim 1, further providing the step of folding a first portion of the flexible sheet so that the adhesive side is contacted with the adhesive side of a second portion of the flexible sheet for temporary storage purposes.
GB9919800A 1996-01-16 1997-01-16 A method for making a sign Expired - Fee Related GB2340653B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US58622996 true 1996-01-16 1996-01-16
PCT/US1997/000665 WO1997026136A1 (en) 1996-01-16 1997-01-16 A method for transferring vinyl designs from a host backing material to a substrate
GB9815517A GB2323561B (en) 1996-01-16 1997-01-16 A method for transferring vinyl designs from a host backing material to a substrate

Publications (3)

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GB9919800D0 GB9919800D0 (en) 1999-10-27
GB2340653A true true GB2340653A (en) 2000-02-23
GB2340653B GB2340653B (en) 2000-08-23

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB9919800A Expired - Fee Related GB2340653B (en) 1996-01-16 1997-01-16 A method for making a sign

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4487872A (en) * 1983-07-07 1984-12-11 The Kendall Company Repositionable pressure-sensitive adhesive composition
EP0274875A1 (en) * 1986-12-15 1988-07-20 Coated Sales, Inc. Adherable, yet removable, sheet material
US5290067A (en) * 1992-01-14 1994-03-01 Moore Business Forms, Inc. Repositional window pricing label
US5464681A (en) * 1992-09-30 1995-11-07 Service Litho-Print, Inc. Replaceable adhesive display

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4487872A (en) * 1983-07-07 1984-12-11 The Kendall Company Repositionable pressure-sensitive adhesive composition
EP0274875A1 (en) * 1986-12-15 1988-07-20 Coated Sales, Inc. Adherable, yet removable, sheet material
US5290067A (en) * 1992-01-14 1994-03-01 Moore Business Forms, Inc. Repositional window pricing label
US5464681A (en) * 1992-09-30 1995-11-07 Service Litho-Print, Inc. Replaceable adhesive display

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB2340653B (en) 2000-08-23 grant
GB9919800D0 (en) 1999-10-27 grant

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Legal Events

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732E Amendments to the register in respect of changes of name or changes affecting rights (sect. 32/1977)
732E Amendments to the register in respect of changes of name or changes affecting rights (sect. 32/1977)
PCNP Patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 20040116