GB2329741A - Liquid crystal display driver - Google Patents

Liquid crystal display driver Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2329741A
GB2329741A GB9720654A GB9720654A GB2329741A GB 2329741 A GB2329741 A GB 2329741A GB 9720654 A GB9720654 A GB 9720654A GB 9720654 A GB9720654 A GB 9720654A GB 2329741 A GB2329741 A GB 2329741A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
signal
data
frequency
time
control system
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB9720654A
Other versions
GB9720654D0 (en
Inventor
Yz-Wei Hsuan
Hong-Ta Kuo
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Holtek Microelectronics Inc
Utek Semiconductor Corp
Original Assignee
Holtek Microelectronics Inc
Utek Semiconductor Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Holtek Microelectronics Inc, Utek Semiconductor Corp filed Critical Holtek Microelectronics Inc
Priority to GB9720654A priority Critical patent/GB2329741A/en
Publication of GB9720654D0 publication Critical patent/GB9720654D0/en
Publication of GB2329741A publication Critical patent/GB2329741A/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/34Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source
    • G09G3/36Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source using liquid crystals
    • G09G3/3611Control of matrices with row and column drivers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2330/00Aspects of power supply; Aspects of display protection and defect management
    • G09G2330/02Details of power systems and of start or stop of display operation
    • G09G2330/021Power management, e.g. power saving
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G5/00Control arrangements or circuits for visual indicators common to cathode-ray tube indicators and other visual indicators
    • G09G5/18Timing circuits for raster scan displays

Abstract

A liquid crystal display driver scheme that incorporates a bi-directional data transfer capability between a data packet generator (31) and RAM (33). Data is stored in RAM before being written to the display (35) and may be recalled for correction. The device is able to operate in a number of modes to either read, write or correct data packets before they are decoded by the display driver (34).

Description

AN IMPROVED MULTI-FUNCTION SELECTING DEVICE FOR LCD DRIVER This invention relates to a multi-function selecting device for LCD driver, and particularly to a structure to use command made control and a time control system for providing an improved multi-function selection.

A conventional LCD driver as shown in FIG. 1 is usually to have a plurality of data bits 110, a selected control signal 111 and a timing pulse 112 synchronously put in a shift register 10 of a micro controller; the shift register 10 will have several bits stored therein sent, in a cascade made, into the driver; the microcontroller will send a loading control signal 113 to have the several bit data latched 11, and then send such data into a level shifter 12; after input of a display frequency signal 114, the level shifter 12 will be controlled to have the level-driving circuit 13 applied with a fixed bias 116 and an enabling signal 115 sent the data to a LCD panel 14 to display the data.

FIG. 2 is an operation flow chart, showing the operation of the conventional driving for LCD driver; first the shift register is started; then, several bit data 22 is put in through an interface (a) of microcontroller and driver, and the several bit data is latched 23 by means of a loading control signal; the data and a display frequency are controlled in the level shifter 24, and then an outer bias and an enabling signal are applied thereto so as to have the data sent to a panel 25 to display such data 26 until the latch data being displayed completely.

The aforesaid conventional LCD driver has drawbacks as follows; 1. A latch data containing several bits of data can be put in the shift register under a microcontroller in a cascade made; however, in case of one bit thereof having an error, the whole latch data has to be transmitted into the shift register again; such processing mode is deemed cumbersome considerably.

2. When the driver reads data, a latch data containing several bits has to moved out of the shift register in a sequence and then transmitted into the driver; such one-way input into the driver can not be moved in bidirectional transmission, i.e., to have the data read back into the register to make necessary correction.

3. When LCD panel receives data which have an error, such error can not be corrected separately unless re-processing the whole latch data.

4. Since the data terminal of the device is furnished with an input structure, the function of the microcontroller is rather simple, and unable to provide efficient multi-control function.

Summing up the aforesaid description, it is apparent that the conventional LCD driver is unable to meet the current requirements, and should be improved.

Consequently, the inventor has made a careful study theoretically on the aforesaid drawbacks, and provided a concept and design so as to improve the aforesaid drawbacks.

The prime object of the present invention is to provide an improved multi-function selecting device, in which a time-control system is used and operated under a command mode so as to select effective steps, such as testing, buzzer or interruption, etc.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an improved multi-function selecting device, in which the RAM can project a data to a driving circuit under a command mode operation, and then such circuit transmits such data on a panel for display; furthermore, the time-control system and the RAM can perform reading mode, writing mode and reading and modification before re-writing-in mode by means of bi-directional switching method.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide an improved multi-function selecting device for LCD driver, in which the oscillator will stop to operate upon the system being discontinued to run, i.e., entering a sleeping state so as to save electric power.

The invention, as well as its many advantages, may be further understood by the following detailed description and drawings in which: FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the present invention, showing a conventional driving device for LCD (liquid-crystal display) driver.

FIG. 2 is an operation flow chart of the present invention, showing the conventional driving device for LCD driver.

FIG. 3 is a block diagram of the present invention, showing an improved multi-function selecting device for LCD driver.

FIG. 4 is a block diagram of time-control system according to an embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 5 is an operation flow chart of the improved multi-function selecting device for LCD driver according to an embodiment of the present invention.

In order to let examiner well understand the features and effectiveness of the present invention, it is further described in detail with accompanying drawings as follows: Referring to FIG. 3, an embodiment of the present invention is shown with a block diagram, which is substantially a brief block diagram of an improved multi-function selecting device for LCD driver; the input terminal of the time-control system 3 is connected with a bit-reading tenninal, a bitwriting terminal, a bit-selecting terminal, a data-transmitting terminal and a pair of transmission terminals for oscillation system, which form into an input system 1 as shown with a dated line. The time-control system receives the reading bits, the writing bits, the selecting bits, the frequency signal, and data; the time-control system 31 is connected with many output routes, in which the command code signal and the decoding signal are sent to an instruction decoder 32 synchronously. The command code data obtained are in normal mode and test mod; the normal mode data is written into the RAM 33 so as to have the RAM 33 provide a bi-directional data projection operation for the LCD driver 34, simultaneously, the timecontrol system 31 which will provide a bi-directional switching operation for the RAM 33 in data-reading mode, data-writing mode, and the readingand-modification before re-writing-in mode. Further, time-control system 31, under test mode, will send out a display frequency signal to LCD driver 34, which with be able, by means of a programmable bias and a programmed flexible cycle, to operate with different LCD chips and to modify a single data a point on the panel, and then such data will be sent to the LCD panel 25 to show the sequent data and the common-electrode data.

Another set of output system 2 in the time-control system as shown with a dotted line will, under normal mode control, be supplied with a programmable frequency signal from the frequency divider to the timer or a watchdog timer to enable the same to generate an interrupt request signal upon overflow taking place.

The structure of the time-control system is shown in FIG. 4 as an embodiment thereof, in which an outer oscillator or a quartz oscillator 412 is put in, via an input terminal 3, a loading frequency signal. or an oscillation frequency signal generated with a built-in oscillator 411 of the time-control system; a multiplex switching device is used for selecting one of the aforesaid frequency signal and transmitting the same into a built-in frequency divider 414. Under normal mode control, a programmable frequency 417 will be sent into an enabling unit 415 of the buzzer system; by means of an outer power supply VDD, the buzzer output terminal 416 can generate a buzzer sound; or the programmable frequency 417 may be sent into an enabling unit 418 of an interrupt request system; before being sent into a timer 419, the previous data or signal therein must be removed and cleared before loading a frequency signal or being sent into a watchdog timer 420; in that case, the data and signal previously stored in the watchdog timer must be cleared before loading a frequency signal; by means of overflow action thereof, the multiplex-switching device 421 can select frequency signal to send into the enabling device 423; then, two inputs from a watchdog timer and an enabling device are sent synchronously into the OR gate 422, which will generate and send out an enabling and triggering signal so as to cause an interrupt-request signal output 424 to generate an interrupt-request signal. The built-in frequency divider 414 will also, under test mode, send out a low level signal to AND gate 425, while the buzzer input terminal 426 has no any frequency signal to inject in; then, AND gate 425 has no output of display frequency signal; at that time, a programmable frequency signal will be sent to the buzzer system or the interrupt-request system. When the frequency divider 414 sends a high level signal to the AND gate 425, and a frequency signal is injected into the buzzer input terminal 426, the AND gate 425 will have an output of display frequency to the LCD circuit.

Referring to FIG. 5, it is an operation flow chart of an embodiment according to the present invention, in which the power supply 51 is first started; a microcontroller will send into block of control signal and data 52; an injection frequency signal 54 or a built-in frequency signal 55 will be sent into the time-control system so as to enable the same to transmit a signal or data 53; through an instruction decoder 53, the data can be shown whether the decoding step is completed or not 532; if the answer is no, repeat the decoding step; simultaneously, the time control system will also perform writing mode operation 560, read mode operation, and reading and modification before re-writing mode operation; then, the RAM data 551 will be sent through the time control system 53 and to the test mode or normal moder for further process so as to select the test mode 552, under which the frequency divider will stop to supply programmable frequency signal 553; then, a frequency signal 554 will be injected into the buzzer terminal so as to obtain an output of display frequency 555 and to enable a test to the segments of the LCD panel and the common-electrode points 556, and continue to operate so until the operation being ended. When the normal mode 533 is selected, the decoded data will be written into RAM 534, and then the data projection 536 will be projected into the driving circuit, which also receives a display frequency 555 from the time controller, a programmable bias and flexible cyclic data 537 so as to enable the panel to show the data modified 538 and other data until the operation being ended. Under normal mode operation, a programmable frequency signal 535 may be generated with the frequency divider so as to select the buzzer system to generate a buzzer sound 541, or to operate as a timer or a watchdog timer overflow 542, and to generate an interrupt-request signal 543 until the operation being ended 557. If the system discontinue to operate, the built-in oscillator or the outer oscillator will stop to operate, being in sleeping state so as to save power.

Summing up the aforesaid description, it is apparent that the present invention is deemed to be useful in the industry of the kind, and to be novel without showing in any pnhlicrtions, and therefore it is conformed with the provisions of Article 19 of the Patent Law.

The aforesaid description is merely to explain the embodiment of the present invention, and any modification thereof is deemed within the spirit and scope of the claims defined.

Claims (2)

Claims
1. An improved multi-function selecting device for LCD driver comprising a time-control system and a LCD driving circuit, which further including: an instruction decoder for receiving a decoding signal, a command code to be decoded into a normal mode and a test mode; a RAM for receiving a decoding data sent from said instruction decoder; a LCD driver for receiving a display frequency from said time-control system and data projected from said RAM so as to provide an output of LCD panel data.
2. An improved multi-function selecting device for LCD driver as claimed in claim 1, wherein said time-control system including: a built-in oscillator which can generate an oscillation frequency signal; an outer oscillator which provides an oscillation frequency signal from outside; a multiplex-switching device connected with said built-in oscillator and said outer oscillator for selecting a signal optionally; a frequency divider connected electrically with said multiplexswitching device so as to provide a programmable frequency; a buzzer provided with a programmable frequency signal by means of said frequency divider so as to generate a buzzer sound; an interrupt-request system provided with a programmable frequency signal by means of said frequency divider; by means of overflow of a timer or watchdog timer, an interrupt-request signal being generated; an input signal system for receiving signal and data upon reading bits, writing bits and selecting bits.
GB9720654A 1997-09-29 1997-09-29 Liquid crystal display driver Withdrawn GB2329741A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9720654A GB2329741A (en) 1997-09-29 1997-09-29 Liquid crystal display driver

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9720654A GB2329741A (en) 1997-09-29 1997-09-29 Liquid crystal display driver

Publications (2)

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GB9720654D0 GB9720654D0 (en) 1997-11-26
GB2329741A true GB2329741A (en) 1999-03-31

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7068686B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2006-06-27 Genesis Microchip Inc. Method and apparatus for efficient transmission of multimedia data packets
US7088741B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2006-08-08 Genesis Microchip Inc. Using an auxilary channel for video monitor training
US7405719B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2008-07-29 Genesis Microchip Inc. Using packet transfer for driving LCD panel driver electronics
US7733915B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2010-06-08 Genesis Microchip Inc. Minimizing buffer requirements in a digital video system
US7800623B2 (en) 2003-09-18 2010-09-21 Genesis Microchip Inc. Bypassing pixel clock generation and CRTC circuits in a graphics controller chip
US7839860B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2010-11-23 Genesis Microchip Inc. Packet based video display interface
US8059673B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2011-11-15 Genesis Microchip Inc. Dynamic resource re-allocation in a packet based video display interface
US8068485B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2011-11-29 Genesis Microchip Inc. Multimedia interface
US8156238B2 (en) 2009-05-13 2012-04-10 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Wireless multimedia transport method and apparatus
US8204076B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2012-06-19 Genesis Microchip Inc. Compact packet based multimedia interface
CN102637420A (en) * 2011-02-10 2012-08-15 联咏科技股份有限公司 Display control driver and method for testing the same
US8291207B2 (en) 2009-05-18 2012-10-16 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Frequency and symbol locking using signal generated clock frequency and symbol identification
US8370554B2 (en) 2009-05-18 2013-02-05 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Operation of video source and sink with hot plug detection not asserted
US8385544B2 (en) 2003-09-26 2013-02-26 Genesis Microchip, Inc. Packet based high definition high-bandwidth digital content protection
US8429440B2 (en) 2009-05-13 2013-04-23 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Flat panel display driver method and system
US8468285B2 (en) 2009-05-18 2013-06-18 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Operation of video source and sink with toggled hot plug detection
US8582452B2 (en) 2009-05-18 2013-11-12 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Data link configuration by a receiver in the absence of link training data
US8671234B2 (en) 2010-05-27 2014-03-11 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Level shifting cable adaptor and chip system for use with dual-mode multi-media device
US8760461B2 (en) 2009-05-13 2014-06-24 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Device, system, and method for wide gamut color space support
US8860888B2 (en) 2009-05-13 2014-10-14 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Method and apparatus for power saving during video blanking periods
US8963937B2 (en) 2011-02-10 2015-02-24 Novatek Microelectronics Corp. Display controller driver and testing method thereof

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WO1996002908A1 (en) * 1994-07-14 1996-02-01 Honeywell Inc. Driver error compensation in a flat panel display
GB2295478A (en) * 1992-07-07 1996-05-29 Seiko Epson Corp Matrix displays
EP0740284A2 (en) * 1995-04-05 1996-10-30 Citizen Watch Co. Ltd. Liquid crystal display device
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4839638A (en) * 1985-03-06 1989-06-13 Createc Gesellschaft fur Elektrotechnik mgH Programmable circuit for controlling a liquid crystal display
EP0411464A2 (en) * 1989-07-31 1991-02-06 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Flat panel display controller using dual-port memory
EP0529934A2 (en) * 1991-08-23 1993-03-03 Motorola, Inc. LCD driver and control unit
WO1993006587A1 (en) * 1991-09-20 1993-04-01 Icl Personal Systems Oy A method for controlling a display device in a display system, and a display system and a display device
GB2295478A (en) * 1992-07-07 1996-05-29 Seiko Epson Corp Matrix displays
US5459833A (en) * 1992-12-15 1995-10-17 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Display control system
US5606347A (en) * 1992-12-16 1997-02-25 Texas Instruments Incorporated Devices systems and methods for flexible format data storage
GB2280980A (en) * 1993-08-09 1995-02-15 Motorola Inc Active addressing display system
WO1996002908A1 (en) * 1994-07-14 1996-02-01 Honeywell Inc. Driver error compensation in a flat panel display
EP0740284A2 (en) * 1995-04-05 1996-10-30 Citizen Watch Co. Ltd. Liquid crystal display device

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8204076B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2012-06-19 Genesis Microchip Inc. Compact packet based multimedia interface
US7088741B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2006-08-08 Genesis Microchip Inc. Using an auxilary channel for video monitor training
US7177329B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2007-02-13 Genesis Microchip Inc. Method and apparatus for efficient transmission of multimedia data packets
US7405719B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2008-07-29 Genesis Microchip Inc. Using packet transfer for driving LCD panel driver electronics
US7733915B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2010-06-08 Genesis Microchip Inc. Minimizing buffer requirements in a digital video system
US7839860B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2010-11-23 Genesis Microchip Inc. Packet based video display interface
US8059673B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2011-11-15 Genesis Microchip Inc. Dynamic resource re-allocation in a packet based video display interface
US8068485B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2011-11-29 Genesis Microchip Inc. Multimedia interface
US7068686B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2006-06-27 Genesis Microchip Inc. Method and apparatus for efficient transmission of multimedia data packets
US7800623B2 (en) 2003-09-18 2010-09-21 Genesis Microchip Inc. Bypassing pixel clock generation and CRTC circuits in a graphics controller chip
US8385544B2 (en) 2003-09-26 2013-02-26 Genesis Microchip, Inc. Packet based high definition high-bandwidth digital content protection
US8156238B2 (en) 2009-05-13 2012-04-10 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Wireless multimedia transport method and apparatus
US8760461B2 (en) 2009-05-13 2014-06-24 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Device, system, and method for wide gamut color space support
US8429440B2 (en) 2009-05-13 2013-04-23 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Flat panel display driver method and system
US8860888B2 (en) 2009-05-13 2014-10-14 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Method and apparatus for power saving during video blanking periods
US8788716B2 (en) 2009-05-13 2014-07-22 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Wireless multimedia transport method and apparatus
US8370554B2 (en) 2009-05-18 2013-02-05 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Operation of video source and sink with hot plug detection not asserted
US8468285B2 (en) 2009-05-18 2013-06-18 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Operation of video source and sink with toggled hot plug detection
US8582452B2 (en) 2009-05-18 2013-11-12 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Data link configuration by a receiver in the absence of link training data
US8291207B2 (en) 2009-05-18 2012-10-16 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Frequency and symbol locking using signal generated clock frequency and symbol identification
US8671234B2 (en) 2010-05-27 2014-03-11 Stmicroelectronics, Inc. Level shifting cable adaptor and chip system for use with dual-mode multi-media device
CN102637420A (en) * 2011-02-10 2012-08-15 联咏科技股份有限公司 Display control driver and method for testing the same
US8963937B2 (en) 2011-02-10 2015-02-24 Novatek Microelectronics Corp. Display controller driver and testing method thereof

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