GB2293849A - Lining for a landfill site - Google Patents

Lining for a landfill site Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2293849A
GB2293849A GB9420082A GB9420082A GB2293849A GB 2293849 A GB2293849 A GB 2293849A GB 9420082 A GB9420082 A GB 9420082A GB 9420082 A GB9420082 A GB 9420082A GB 2293849 A GB2293849 A GB 2293849A
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GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
liner
framework
members
side face
lining
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB9420082A
Other versions
GB2293849B (en
GB9420082D0 (en
Inventor
Michael Leonard Davies
Ian Michael Spencer
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BRITISH REINFORCED CONCRETE ENG CO Ltd
Original Assignee
BRITISH REINFORCED CONCRETE ENG CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by BRITISH REINFORCED CONCRETE ENG CO Ltd filed Critical BRITISH REINFORCED CONCRETE ENG CO Ltd
Priority to GB9420082A priority Critical patent/GB2293849B/en
Publication of GB9420082D0 publication Critical patent/GB9420082D0/en
Publication of GB2293849A publication Critical patent/GB2293849A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of GB2293849B publication Critical patent/GB2293849B/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D31/00Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution

Abstract

A method of lining a side face 11 of a landfill site comprises the steps of erecting a framework including laterally spaced substantially vertically extending members 12 adjacent the surface of the side face 11, covering the framework with a wire mesh, filling the space between the mesh and the side face with pieces of substantially inert material 16, laying an impermeable liner 17 - 19 over the wire mesh and constructing a retaining wall 21 over the liner, wherein the vertically extending members are tubular and have spaced apertures along their lengths. <IMAGE>

Description

LINING FOR A LANDFILL SITE This invention concerns a lining for a landfill site.
British Patent No. 2239036 discloses a method of lining a side face of a landfill site wherein a flexible impermeable liner is located between inner and outer walls which are constructed from loosely assembled pieces of substantially inert material held in position adjacent to the side face of the site. In a preferred arrangement the walls are comprised by block-shaped baskets of wire mesh loosely packed with pieces of stone or rock and known as "gabions". The patent also discloses the possibility of incorporating vertically extending pipes or ducts within the gabion walls for monitoring gas and leachate at various positions and on either side of the liner.
The present invention provides a novel method of lining a side face of a landfill site which enables monitoring of the integrity of the liner in a particularly expeditious manner.
According to the present invention there is provided a method of lining a side face of a landfill site comprising the steps of erecting a framework including laterally substantially vertically extending members adjacent the surface of the side face, covering the framework with a wire mesh, filling the space between the mesh and the side face with pieces of substantially inert material, laying an impermeable liner over the wire mesh and constructing a retaining wall over the liner, wherein the vertically extending members are tubular and have spaced apertures thereto along their lengths.
The impermeable liner may be sandwiched between layers of protective geotextile material.
The liner may be of high density polyethylene.
The retaining wall may be a gabion wall.
The framework may carry a track along its upper edge along which a carriage supporting rolls of geotextile or liner may run to facilitate deployment of same.
The invention will be further apparent from the following description with reference to the several figures of the accompanying drawings, which show, by way of example only, one form of lining for a landfill site embodying the methods of the invention.
Of the drawings: Figure 1 shows a cut-away and exploded perspective view of part of the lining; Figure 2 shows a cross-section through the lining on the line II-II of Figure 1; Figure 3 shows a perspective view of a detail of the framework of the lining of Figure 1 on an enlarged scale; and Figure 4 shows how the framework may incorporate a track along its upper edge to facilitate construction of the lining.
It should be understood that the drawings are diagrammatic only and that in practice the lining might have considerable height to cover the side faces of a disused quarry for example.
Referring firstly to Figures 1 and 2 it will be seen that the lining is comprised by a framework 10 lying in a substantially vertical plane as closely adjacent the side face 11 of a disused quarry as possible having regard to the irregularities of such side face.
The framework 10 comprises vertical members 12 of box-section and horizontal members 13 also of box-section, and is secured by rockbolts 14.
The framework 10 is covered by a wire mesh 15 and the space between the mesh 15 and the face 11 is loosely filled with pieces 16 of stone and rock sized from 5 to 10 centimetres upwards.
The mesh 15 is covered by an impervious liner 17 of high density polyethylene sandwiched betweeen inner and outer protective layers 18 and 19 of geotextile.
The liner 17 is held in position by a retaining wall 20 constructed from gabions 21, which is to say block-shaped baskets of wire mesh filled with pieces of stone and rock.
Turning now to Figure 3, it will be seen that the junctions between the vertical and horizontal members 12 and 13 of the framework 10 are provided by cruciform connecting members 30, which are themselves of hollow contruction to preserve a passage through the vertical members 12 over the full height of the framework 10.
Apertures 22 are provided in the sides of the members 12 at spaced intervals along their lengths.
Typically the members 12 will be spaced apart by 1.Sm and since they lie on the outside (i.e. quarry face side) of the liner 17, the integrity of the liner can be closely monitored by instruments analysing any gas or leachate present within the members 12. Such instruments may provide continuous monitoring or may be deployed (for example lowered through the members 12) as required. Narrow bore pipes (of plastics for example) may be installed through the members 10 to enable leachate to be pumped to the surface for analysis.
When any fault in the liner 17 might be detected the possibility of repair by pumping a sealant such as a cementitious grout to the damaged site through the nearest members 12 is present.
Referring now to Figure 4 it can be seen how the framework 10 might support a monorail track 40 along its upper edge to carry machines supporting rolls 41 of liner or geotextile to facilitate their installation.
It will be appreciated that it is not intended to limit the invention to the above example only, many variations, such as might readily occur to one skilled in the art, being possible, without departing from the scope thereof.
Thus for example, the apertures to the interior of the vertical members might be provided only by unsealed joints at the members 30 or by apertures in the members 30 themselves.
Again, for example, a Bentonite or similar membrane may be included in juxtaposition with the impermeable liner.

Claims (8)

1. A method of lining a side face of a landfill site comprising the steps of erecting a framework including laterally spaced substantially vertically extending members adjacent the surface ofthe side face, covering the framework with a wire mesh, filling the space between the mesh and the side face with pieces of substantially inert material, laying an impermeable liner over the wire mesh and constructing a retaining wall over the liner, wherein the vertically extending members are tubular and have spaced apertures thereto along their lengths.
2. A method according to claim 1 wherein the impermeable liner is sandwiched between layers of protective geotextile material.
3. A method according to claim 1 or claim 2 wherein the liner is of high density polyethylene.
4. A method according to any preceding claim wherein the retaining wall is a gabion wall.
5. A method according to any preceding claim wherein the framework includes vertically spaced horizontal members.
6. A method according to claim 5 wherein cruciform connecting members are provided at the junctions between the vertical and horizontal members.
7. A method according to claim 6 wherein the connecting members are of hollow construction to preserve a passage through the vertical members over the full height of the framework.
8. A method according to any preceding claim wherein the framework carries a track along its upper edge along which a carriage supporting rolls of geotextile or liner may run to facilitate deployment of same.
GB9420082A 1994-10-05 1994-10-05 Lining method of a side face of a landfill site Expired - Fee Related GB2293849B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9420082A GB2293849B (en) 1994-10-05 1994-10-05 Lining method of a side face of a landfill site

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9420082A GB2293849B (en) 1994-10-05 1994-10-05 Lining method of a side face of a landfill site

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB9420082D0 GB9420082D0 (en) 1994-11-16
GB2293849A true GB2293849A (en) 1996-04-10
GB2293849B GB2293849B (en) 1997-11-26

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB9420082A Expired - Fee Related GB2293849B (en) 1994-10-05 1994-10-05 Lining method of a side face of a landfill site

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (1) GB2293849B (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1997049873A1 (en) * 1996-06-25 1997-12-31 Woodman Ip Holdings Limited Lining of landfill sites
GB2351518A (en) * 1999-07-01 2001-01-03 Cordek Ltd Improvements in or relating to facings for a ground slope and method of building such facings
EP1256391A2 (en) * 2001-05-08 2002-11-13 Ivan Rowe A hydraulic barrier

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2239036A (en) * 1989-11-18 1991-06-19 Tarmac Econowaste Ltd Lining of landfill sites

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2239036A (en) * 1989-11-18 1991-06-19 Tarmac Econowaste Ltd Lining of landfill sites

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1997049873A1 (en) * 1996-06-25 1997-12-31 Woodman Ip Holdings Limited Lining of landfill sites
GB2314574A (en) * 1996-06-25 1998-01-07 Woodman Ip Holdings Ltd A support structure for lining a landfill site
AU714539B2 (en) * 1996-06-25 2000-01-06 Woodman Ip Holdings Limited Lining of landfill sites
GB2314574B (en) * 1996-06-25 2000-05-17 Woodman Ip Holdings Ltd Lining of landfill site
US6241423B1 (en) 1996-06-25 2001-06-05 Woodman Ip Holdings Limited Lining of landfill sites
GB2351518A (en) * 1999-07-01 2001-01-03 Cordek Ltd Improvements in or relating to facings for a ground slope and method of building such facings
GB2351518B (en) * 1999-07-01 2003-09-03 Cordek Ltd Improvements in or relating to facings for a ground slope and method of building such facings
EP1256391A2 (en) * 2001-05-08 2002-11-13 Ivan Rowe A hydraulic barrier
EP1256391A3 (en) * 2001-05-08 2003-04-09 Ivan Rowe A hydraulic barrier

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB2293849B (en) 1997-11-26
GB9420082D0 (en) 1994-11-16

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
732E Amendments to the register in respect of changes of name or changes affecting rights (sect. 32/1977)
PCNP Patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 20011005