GB2276438A - Heat treatment of expansible materials to form lightweight aggregate - Google Patents

Heat treatment of expansible materials to form lightweight aggregate

Info

Publication number
GB2276438A
GB2276438A GB9409759A GB9409759A GB2276438A GB 2276438 A GB2276438 A GB 2276438A GB 9409759 A GB9409759 A GB 9409759A GB 9409759 A GB9409759 A GB 9409759A GB 2276438 A GB2276438 A GB 2276438A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
kiln
heat treatment
charge
lightweight aggregate
expansible materials
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB9409759A
Other versions
GB2276438B (en
GB9409759D0 (en
Inventor
Robin Anthony Kyffin
Original Assignee
Robin Anthony Kyffin
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to GB919125423A priority Critical patent/GB9125423D0/en
Priority to GB9214642A priority patent/GB2261938A/en
Priority to PCT/GB1992/002188 priority patent/WO1993011084A1/en
Application filed by Robin Anthony Kyffin filed Critical Robin Anthony Kyffin
Publication of GB9409759D0 publication Critical patent/GB9409759D0/en
Publication of GB2276438A publication Critical patent/GB2276438A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of GB2276438B publication Critical patent/GB2276438B/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=26299936&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=GB2276438(A) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B20/00Use of materials as fillers for mortars, concrete or artificial stone according to more than one of groups C04B14/00 - C04B18/00 and characterised by shape or grain distribution; Treatment of materials according to more than one of the groups C04B14/00 - C04B18/00 specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Expanding or defibrillating materials
    • C04B20/02Treatment
    • C04B20/04Heat treatment
    • C04B20/06Expanding clay, perlite, vermiculite or like granular materials
    • C04B20/061Expanding clay, perlite, vermiculite or like granular materials in rotary kilns
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27BFURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS IN GENERAL; OPEN SINTERING OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • F27B7/00Rotary-drum furnaces, i.e. horizontal or slightly inclined
    • F27B7/20Details, accessories, or equipment peculiar to rotary-drum furnaces
    • F27B7/2016Arrangements of preheating devices for the charge
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27BFURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS IN GENERAL; OPEN SINTERING OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • F27B7/00Rotary-drum furnaces, i.e. horizontal or slightly inclined
    • F27B7/20Details, accessories, or equipment peculiar to rotary-drum furnaces
    • F27B7/34Arrangements of heating devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27BFURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS IN GENERAL; OPEN SINTERING OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • F27B7/00Rotary-drum furnaces, i.e. horizontal or slightly inclined
    • F27B7/20Details, accessories, or equipment peculiar to rotary-drum furnaces
    • F27B2007/2008Devices for reintroducing dust in the drum
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27MINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO ASPECTS OF THE CHARGES OR FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS OR RETORTS
    • F27M2003/00Type of treatment of the charge
    • F27M2003/09Expanding the charge, e.g. clay

Abstract

A rotary kiln (10) is employed which is inclined downwardly from its charge end (12) to its discharge end (14) and has a maximum length to breadth ratio of 5:1. The interior space of the kiln (10) is heated by means of at least one burner (B1, B2) directed into the kiln from one end thereof to a substantially constant elevated process temperature. Material is fed into the kiln (10) so that it occupies a maximum of 10 % of the cross-sectional area the interior space of the kiln at the charge end. Upon entering the kiln the material is subjected almost immediately to the required process temperature. As it moves along the bottom of the kiln from the charge to the discharge end, heat transfer to the material is primarily by radiation from the combustion space and from the lining of the kiln. <IMAGE>
GB9409759A 1991-11-29 1994-05-16 Heat treatment of expansible materials to form lightweight aggregate Expired - Fee Related GB2276438B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB919125423A GB9125423D0 (en) 1991-11-29 1991-11-29 Heat treatment of expansible materials to form lightweight aggregate
GB9214642A GB2261938A (en) 1991-11-29 1992-07-09 Heat treatment of expansible material to form lightweight aggregate
PCT/GB1992/002188 WO1993011084A1 (en) 1991-11-29 1992-11-26 Heat treatment of expansible materials to form lightweight aggregate

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB9409759D0 GB9409759D0 (en) 1994-07-13
GB2276438A true GB2276438A (en) 1994-09-28
GB2276438B GB2276438B (en) 1995-04-26

Family

ID=26299936

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB9409759A Expired - Fee Related GB2276438B (en) 1991-11-29 1994-05-16 Heat treatment of expansible materials to form lightweight aggregate

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (1) US5482458A (en)
EP (1) EP0614452B1 (en)
AU (1) AU2951992A (en)
DE (1) DE69210839T2 (en)
DK (1) DK0614452T3 (en)
GB (1) GB2276438B (en)
WO (1) WO1993011084A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2438864A (en) * 2006-06-07 2007-12-12 Ffestiniog Expanded Slate Comp Production of lightweight aggregates by rotary kiln tilted upward from inlet to outlet

Families Citing this family (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5788481A (en) * 1995-11-15 1998-08-04 Lockhead Haggerty Engineering & Manufacturing Co. Ltd. Carbon reactivation apparatus
US5704972A (en) * 1997-01-23 1998-01-06 Trans Ash, Inc. Product and process for strong light-weight aggregate
FR2785668B1 (en) * 1998-11-10 2001-02-23 Air Liquide METHOD FOR HEATING A CONTINUOUSLY LOADING OVEN IN PARTICULAR FOR STEEL PRODUCTS, AND CONTINUOUSLY LOADING HEATING OVEN
DE19947247B4 (en) * 1999-09-30 2005-01-27 Verfahrenstechnisches Institut Saalfeld Gmbh Porous moldings of natural rock flour and their use
FI109483B (en) * 2000-11-16 2002-08-15 Andritz Oy Method and apparatus for treating pulp with filler
GR1006855B (en) * 2005-01-14 2010-07-06 Σοφια Μπεθανη Construction materials using aggregates from solid wastes
US7780781B2 (en) * 2005-01-14 2010-08-24 Alkemy, Ltd. Pyroprocessed aggregates comprising IBA and low calcium silicoaluminous materials and methods for producing such aggregates
US7655088B2 (en) 2005-01-14 2010-02-02 Alkemy, Ltd. Synthetic aggregates comprising sewage sludge and other waste materials and methods for producing such aggregates
DE102013017943A1 (en) * 2013-10-29 2015-04-30 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method for operating a rotary drum furnace
EP3037765A1 (en) * 2014-12-26 2016-06-29 L'Air Liquide Société Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procédés Georges Claude Direct-fired inclined counterflow rotary kilns and use thereof
CN104748559A (en) * 2015-02-16 2015-07-01 赤峰多维尔生物工程有限公司 Perlite preheating system

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2035845A (en) * 1935-10-08 1936-03-31 Nat Gravelite Corp Method of making light weight aggregate
FR1128059A (en) * 1955-06-21 1957-01-02 Process for preparing a product intended to act as an insulator and in the form of grains of vesicular structure
DE1137989B (en) * 1959-11-24 1962-10-11 Veit Dennert K G Baustoffbetr Process for the production of a porous product containing alumina and silica
US3116055A (en) * 1959-02-09 1963-12-31 Pelm Res And Dev Corp Apparatus for forming lightweight aggregates
FR1434462A (en) * 1964-03-21 1966-04-08 Fellner & Ziegler Gmbh A method of making a lightweight building material from shale, shale clay, or the like
FR2082036A5 (en) * 1970-01-06 1971-12-10 Venot Pic Sa Rotary cylinder roasting furnace - use of exothermic reaction in roasting combustible materials
US3834862A (en) * 1972-05-15 1974-09-10 K Eliasson Apparatus for producing pellets of expanded clay
EP0451648A2 (en) * 1990-03-29 1991-10-16 Praxair Technology, Inc. Opposed fired rotary kiln

Family Cites Families (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB253049A (en) * 1926-03-03 1926-06-10 Ammann A G U Improvements in machines for drying road-making materials
GB420560A (en) * 1934-02-01 1934-12-04 Watson James Improvements in and relating to rotary or semi-rotary furnaces for melting metals
GB611800A (en) * 1944-03-27 1948-11-03 Fr Des Charbonnages Du Tonkin Improvements in or relating to process for the production of metal from oxide ores
GB673484A (en) * 1950-05-02 1952-06-04 Belmont John Dale Improvements in or relating to furnaces for heating vermiculite or other materials
GB676338A (en) * 1950-06-16 1952-07-23 Belmont John Dale Improvements in or relating to furnaces for heating vermiculite or other materials
GB786500A (en) * 1954-07-20 1957-11-20 Southern Lightweight Aggregate A method and apparatus for the production of lightweight aggregate
NL293480A (en) * 1962-06-01
BE663891A (en) * 1964-05-22 1965-11-16
US3813210A (en) * 1972-07-26 1974-05-28 Thermo Electron Corp Cement kiln and method
US4427376A (en) * 1982-07-16 1984-01-24 Wylie Manufacturing Company Apparatus for heating aggregate, recycled asphalt and the like
US4741694A (en) * 1984-02-17 1988-05-03 Reynolds Metals Co. Method for calcining carbonaceous materials
DE3724541C2 (en) * 1987-07-24 1990-01-11 Applied Industrial Materials Corp. Aimcor, Deerfield, Ill., Us
GB2214625B (en) * 1987-12-24 1992-01-02 British Steel Plc Regenerative burner system
US5102330A (en) * 1990-03-29 1992-04-07 Union Carbide Industrial Gases Technology Corporation Opposed fired rotary kiln

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2035845A (en) * 1935-10-08 1936-03-31 Nat Gravelite Corp Method of making light weight aggregate
FR1128059A (en) * 1955-06-21 1957-01-02 Process for preparing a product intended to act as an insulator and in the form of grains of vesicular structure
US3116055A (en) * 1959-02-09 1963-12-31 Pelm Res And Dev Corp Apparatus for forming lightweight aggregates
DE1137989B (en) * 1959-11-24 1962-10-11 Veit Dennert K G Baustoffbetr Process for the production of a porous product containing alumina and silica
FR1434462A (en) * 1964-03-21 1966-04-08 Fellner & Ziegler Gmbh A method of making a lightweight building material from shale, shale clay, or the like
FR2082036A5 (en) * 1970-01-06 1971-12-10 Venot Pic Sa Rotary cylinder roasting furnace - use of exothermic reaction in roasting combustible materials
US3834862A (en) * 1972-05-15 1974-09-10 K Eliasson Apparatus for producing pellets of expanded clay
EP0451648A2 (en) * 1990-03-29 1991-10-16 Praxair Technology, Inc. Opposed fired rotary kiln

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2438864A (en) * 2006-06-07 2007-12-12 Ffestiniog Expanded Slate Comp Production of lightweight aggregates by rotary kiln tilted upward from inlet to outlet

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB9409759D0 (en) 1994-07-13
DE69210839T2 (en) 1996-11-28
GB2276438B (en) 1995-04-26
US5482458A (en) 1996-01-09
DE69210839D1 (en) 1996-06-20
AU2951992A (en) 1993-06-28
EP0614452A1 (en) 1994-09-14
EP0614452B1 (en) 1996-05-15
WO1993011084A1 (en) 1993-06-10
DK0614452T3 (en) 1996-08-19

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
GB2276438A (en) Heat treatment of expansible materials to form lightweight aggregate
CA2080481A1 (en) Manufacture of cement clinker in long rotary kilns by the addition of volatile fuel elements directly into the calcining zone of the rotary kiln
FR2441682A1 (en) DEVICE FOR THE PREPARATION OF BITUMINOUS COATED PRODUCTS FOR ROAD COVERINGS
SE9001029D0 (en) PROCEDURE AND DEVICE FOR DRYING OF SOLID MATERIALS
ES8405347A1 (en) Method and apparatus for the heat treatment of a fine grained product
ES8200234A1 (en) Process for the drying and calcination of bulk materials.
ES453780A1 (en) Burning of pulverous or granular raw materials
JPS60221349A (en) Treatment of combustible waste
JPS60171225A (en) Batch raw material liquefaction apparatus
GB1062199A (en) Improvements in and relating to the calcining of gypsum
GB1402246A (en) Manufacture of cement clinker
SE8003445L (en) PROCEDURE FOR PAINT-DRYING AND CARBING
GB955785A (en) Production of dead burned basic refractory
US1924905A (en) Method for heating substances such as gypsum in air currents
GB1106406A (en) A process for heat-treating a material
GB1518233A (en) Burning or sintering of cement clinker lime magnesite dolomite or similar materials
ES456829A1 (en) Device for controlling the gas temperature in the drying chamber of a moving grate preheater for cement clinker production
SU1689736A1 (en) Rotating furnace
SU1712757A1 (en) Device for firing loose material
JPS59102498A (en) Calcining apparatus of wet sludge
FI925391A (en) Drum-burning stove
US1708693A (en) Rotary kiln
RU2031877C1 (en) Method for cement clinker production
SU41435A1 (en) Rotary kiln for lime and similar materials
SU768775A1 (en) Method of cement clinker production

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
737A Proceeding under section 37(1) patents act 1977
737A Proceeding under section 37(1) patents act 1977
437E Application made to the patents appeal tribunal (sect. 37/1949)
732E Amendments to the register in respect of changes of name or changes affecting rights (sect. 32/1977)
737N Appeal to the patents court dismissed-reference under section 37(1)
732E Amendments to the register in respect of changes of name or changes affecting rights (sect. 32/1977)
PCNP Patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 20081126