GB2257334A - Extended home system identification for cellular radiotelephone systems - Google Patents

Extended home system identification for cellular radiotelephone systems Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2257334A
GB2257334A GB9212166A GB9212166A GB2257334A GB 2257334 A GB2257334 A GB 2257334A GB 9212166 A GB9212166 A GB 9212166A GB 9212166 A GB9212166 A GB 9212166A GB 2257334 A GB2257334 A GB 2257334A
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GB
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Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
system id
mobile radiotelephone
id
terminal
service provider
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB9212166A
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GB2257334B (en )
GB9212166D0 (en )
Inventor
Irwin Gerszberg
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AT&T Corp
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AT&T Corp
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W8/00Network data management
    • H04W8/18Processing of user or subscriber data, e.g. subscribed services, user preferences or user profiles; Transfer of user or subscriber data
    • H04W8/183Processing at user equipment or user record carrier
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W48/00Access restriction; Network selection; Access point selection
    • H04W48/18Selecting a network or a communication service

Abstract

Transitions of a mobile radiotelephone (159) between operating on A band service and B band service are controlled to enable the mobile radiotelephone to utilize the bands of a single service provider (132, 152) over a wide area of cellular service areas (101, 150) in which service is provided on either A or B bands by that single service provider. Each mobile radiotelephone served by a single service provider has an extended home system identification entered into its number assignment module (NAM). When the mobile radiotelephone is operating in a roam mode it scans both the A and B bands searching for the extended home system identification. If the system is successful in locking onto one of the extended home system identification channels, the mobile radiotelephone uses that setup channel to establish and receive calls from its original service provider within the present service area. If the lockup can not be made, the mobile radiotelephone uses the system I.D. and the A or B band as normally set in the NAM. <IMAGE>

Description

EXTENDED HOME IDENTIFICATION FOR CELLULAR SYSTEMS Field of the Invention This invention relates to cellular radiotelephone systems, and in particular, to the provision of service to roaming subscribers by a single service provider operating at differing wireline and non-wireline frequency bands in nearby or adjacent cellular serving areas comprising a single cellular service system.

Background of the Invention Cellular radiotelephone systems are divided into cells to permit the systematic reuse of radio channels. A plurality of cells are often joined into a singular cellular system in which the entire geographical extent is defined as a single service area with separate service provided by two service providers. These two cellular providers are mandated by law and involve two bands of frequency for radiotelephone channels; one, the wireline band (A band), is assigned to a first service provider and the other, the non- wireline band (B band), is assigned to a second service provider.

When mobile radiotelephones are handed off in passage from one service area to another, during continuance of a call, (and become roamers) the same band (A or B) of frequency is normally retained for the balance of the call. When a roaming mobile telephone, initiates a new call within a new service area, it is programmed or otherwise operative to seek out or prefer the same A or B band it uses in its home territory. Some mobile radiotelephone units may permit manual selection of A or B bands by the user, but in general the mobile radiotelephone units are preset to at least prefer just one band regardless of its service area location.

Many service providers have acquired cellular systems in many differing cellular service areas. These areas are often nearby or adjacent to one another and the service provider has the opportunity to combine the various cellular systems into a large virtual single cellular service area. However the service provider may own A band channels in some service areas and B band channels in the balance of the service areas. Hence a typical customer, using one band in his home service area, may pass into an adjacent service area where his provider provides the other band and due to the mobile radiotelephone's propensity for remaining with a singular band becomes a customer of a competing service provider. This partially negates the advantage of acquiring a plurality of service areas to gain economies of scale in providing mobile radiotelephone service.

Summary of the Invention Transitions of a mobile radiotelephone between operating on A band service and B band service are controlled to enable the mobile radiotelephone to utilize the bands of a single service provider over a wide area of cellular service areas in which service is provided on either A or B bands by that single service provider.

Each mobile radiotelephone served by a single service provider has an extended home system identification entered into its number assignment module (NAM). When the mobile radiotelephone is operating in a roam mode it scans overhead and/or control channels of both the A and B bands searching for the extended home system identification. If the system is successful in locking onto one of the extended home system identification setup channels the mobile radiotelephone uses that setup channel to establish and receive calls from its original service provider within the present service area. If the lockup can not be made the mobile radiotelephone uses the system LD. and the A or B band as normally set in the NAM.

Brief Description of the Drawing In the Drawing: FIG. 1 is a block schematic of a plurality of cellular service areas each having service provided by a single service provider; and FIG. 2 is a block schematic of a mobile radiotelephone used in a system embodying the invention; and FIG. 3 discloses a flow chart of a method of operating the mobile radiotelephone of FIG. 2 in accord with the principles of the invention.

Detailed Description A typical illustrative cellular radiotelephone system, of a single service provider, covering a primary cell and at least a cell in at least another proximate cellular radiotelephone system is shown in the FIG. 1. A first cell or system 101 is connected to a public switched land telephone network 111. A first service provider operates from a switching center or site 121 at which the telephone signals are connected to at least one of a plurality of base stations 122 which services a single cell. The base station 122 transmits signals, via the antenna 123, to mobile radiotelephone units which include homer mobile radiotelephone units 124 and roamer mobile radiotelephone units 125.The first service provider utilizes the "B" band of frequencies and the customers of the first service provider have their mobile radiotelephone units programmed to seek the "B" band of frequencies when seeking radiotelephone service.

A second service provider, who has the switching station 132, is connected to the telephone network 111 and to a base station 133 and associated antenna 134. The second service provider operates within a cell or cells of the same geographical area served by the first service provider. The second service provider utilizes the "A" band of frequencies to service both home and roamer mobiles within the immediate service area The second service provider also provides mobile radiotelephone service is a proximate serving area 150 with a mobile switching office 152 connected to the land telephone network 151. In this serving area 150 the second service provider has been assigned the "B" band of frequencies and hence the base station 155 operates with the "B" band to service the mobile radiotelephone units.A roamer mobile radiotelephone unit 159, within the service area 150, may be one normally serviced by the service provider in the area 101 in which it is assigned the "A" band of frequencies.

If the roamer mobile radiotelephone unit 159 is adapted to respond to extended home IDs, it automatically connects to the second service provider when it seeks to initiate a call. Without this feature the roamer 159 automatically connects to the "A" band service provider 158 which in this case is the system of a competitor of the second service provider.

A mobile radiotelephone unit having features in accord with the invention is shown in the FIG. 2. An antenna 201 operative for receiving and transmitting radio signals is connected to a radio transceiver 202 (receiver/transmitter) which includes RF and IF signal processing circuits for receiving and transmitting message and control radio signals. The transceiver 202 is controlled by a controller 203 which includes a ROM memory 205, a RAM memory 215, timing circuits 218, and a CPU 217. The ROM memory 20 includes stored program controls controlling the operation of the mobile radiotelephone unit. The RAM memory includes NAM data storage such as the telephone number assigned to the mobile radiotelephone unit. It also includes NAM information such as the system identification, paging channels, A/B system selection etc. In accord with the invention, extended home system identifications are also included. The controller's ROM memory 205 also includes a stored program control to control the operation of the mobile unit. Controller 203 is also connected to a readout apparatus 204 which allows access to read and an ability to alter stored parameters of the mobile radiotelephone unit such as the NAM parameters.

The controller 203 connects message and information signals between the radio transceiver 202 and the data interface 207 and the voice handset interface 206. The voice interface 206 is connected to a handset unit used by the subscriber to receive and transmit voice message signals. The data source 209 may comprise a portable data processing device or a facsimile terminal or other data handling device.

A conventional mobile radiotelephone unit includes a stored program control which allows the seller or the user to choose either the wireline - "B" band or the non-wireline - "A" band in which the mobile radiotelephone will operate. Most conventional mobile radiotelephones have a selectable registration scheme with five options of operation as defined below. These options defined in control software are: 1. Preferred "B" then "A" 2. Preferred "A" then "B" NO ROAMING (HOME SYSTEM ONLY) 4. BONY 5.AONLY Selection of one of these five registration options is normally made by the vendor of the mobile radiotelephone unit or the service provider. Some mobile units may have provision for the subscriber to manually access and select the desired option.In one exemplary commercially available unit, the mobile unit has a dial keystroke responsive menu display on the readout device 204 which allows selection of the desired option. As is readily apparent, the selectable options available require the active input of the subscriber when he enters a new service area. With the available options the mobile unit operates on an "A" band or a "B" band but not both bands unless the user actively decides otherwise. As indicated herein above, this arrangement may result in lost revenue for a cellular provider having differing bands in proximate cellular telephone service areas.

Permitting a single service provider to retain customers over a wide ares of service in which the bands differ from service area to service area is achieved by providing an extended home service registration in the mobile radiotelephone unit.

The mobile radiotelephone unit of FIG. 2, according to the principles of the invention, is provided with an extended home system registration. This is enabled by providing or making available non-volatile memory in the RAM memory to store a selectable system preference known as the extended home system ID.

In accordance with the invention, the programmed instructions of the mobile radiotelephone determine which system has been preset or preprogrammed as the preferred carrier at the initiation of a call. A preferred carrier determination is made by scanning a bank of stored channels for a setup channel at the initiation of a call by the subscriber of a preferred carrier system. The signal strength of these preferred channels are measured.

The mobile radiotelephone terminals stored instructions have it determine the two strongest channels available for setup. The terminal now attempts to acquire word synchronization on the strongest setup channel. If this synchronization attempt succeeds, the programmed instructions of the terminal updates its overhead information by acquiring such items as the system parameters and the system identification (six). When this operation is complete a paging channel is selected by the mobile.

If synchronization is not attainable on the strongest channel, word synchronization is attempted on the second strongest channel. Failing that, the terminal switches to an alternate carrier (if allowed by the selectable system preference).

After the terminal has established synchronization with a setup channel it must determine if it is in a home or a roam mode. The terminal is in a roamer mode when it is in an authorized operating area where the received system identification (SID) differs from the terminals stored home SID. If the terminal is in the roamer mode and the service provider has activated the extended home system ID the terminal in accord with the invention takes measures to use service provided by the original provider. The roaming radiotelephone terminal immediately begins to search for an extended home ID which it compares with a plurality of stored extended IDs. The terminal scans all "A" and "B" band setup channels and attempts to gain synchronization and then search for an ID match with the stored extended IDs.Upon finding a match, the terminal indicates that it is in the roam mode and operates on the preferred channel of the single service provider. If no match is found the terminal retreats to a fallback mode and attempts to gain channel synchronization in the standard manner as dictated by selectable system preference in the terminals memory.

In accord with the invention, the extended home identification is entered into the terminal's memory as a special set of NAM parameters. When in a roam mode the terminal scans both the "A" and "B" bands searching for the extended home identifications. The stored instructions enabling the roamer to access its home service provider are shown by the flow chart of FIG. 3.

The flow process in FIG. 3 begins at the start terminal 301 activated when the radiotelephone is operative to initiate a call. An initial decision is made by comparing the received system ID with the stored home ID, as specified by decision block 305. If the received system ID matches the home ID the flow process proceeds to the block 315 whose instructions determine that the mobile radiotelephone is in the home mode of operation. The roamer mode is disabled. The scan interval timers of the mobile radiotelephone are reset per the instructions of block 317 and the flow process returns to the input of the decision block 305 in readiness for the next ID comparison.

If the result of the decision of decision block 305 shows that the received ID does not match the home ID, the mobile radiotelephone is in a roaming state. The instructions indicated by decision block 307 determine if the mobile radiotelephone has the extended ID feature enabled which permits it to automatically remain with its home service provider.

If the radiotelephone does not have this extended ID feature, the flow process proceeds to the block 311 which enables the radiotelephone to roam normally and access its service band in the normal manner. The flow proceeds to block 313 having instructions to reset all the scan interval timers and the flow then returns to the input of the decision block 305.

If the result of the decision of instructions of block 307 indicate that the radiotelephone has the extended ID feature, the flow proceeds to the block 309. The instructions of the block 309 have the radiotelephone scan both the "A" and "B" bands to find an ID matching one of the extended IDs stored in the memory of the mobile radiotelephone. The instructions of the decision block 319 determine if during the scan a match is found between the received system ID and the stored extended IDs.

If no match is found between the received ID and the stored extended system IDs, the flow process proceeds to the block 325 which instructs the mobile radiotelephone to roam normally and select the operative band in the traditional manner. The instructions of block reset the scan interval timers and the flow process returns to the input of the decision block 305.

If a match is found between the received system ID and one of the extended system IDs as determined by decision block 319 the flow process proceeds to the block 321. The instructions of block 321 use the extended system ID to access the cellular network using the same service provider used in the home service area.

The flow process then proceeds to the block 323 whose instructions reset the scan interval timers. The flow returns to the input of decision block 305.

Claims (8)

Claims:
1. A mobile radiotelephone terminal for use in a cellular radiotelephone system in which a single service provider services different bands in at least two nearby service areas, the terminal including apparatus for predisposing the terminal to utilize the band of the single service provider in each of the two nearby service areas, the apparatus including memory for storing a home system ID and an extended system ID, means for comparing a received system ID with the home system ID, means for scanning all the different bands to determine if a system ID matches the extended system ID when the received system ID is a mismatch with the home system ID, means for determining if a match exists between the received ID and any extended system ID stored in the mobile radiotelephone terminal, and means for responding to a match between the received ID and any extended system ID by using the extended system ID to access a band provided by the single service provider.
2. A terminal as claimed in claim 1 wherein the memory includes storage means for storing a preferred frequency of operation of use for the home system and a preferred frequency of operation for use in the extended system.
3. A terminal as claimed in claim 1 or 2 including evaluation apparatus operative for determining if the mobile radiotelephone terminal is in a roaming state.
4. A method for use in a cellular radiotelephone system in which a single service provider services different bands in at least two nearby service areas, the method being for predisposing a roaming radiotelephone terminal to utilize the band of the single service provider in each of the two nearby service areas, including the steps of storing a home system ID in the mobile radiotelephone terminal, storing an extended system ID in the mobile radiotelephone terminal, in the mobile radiotelephone terminal comparing a received system ID with the home system ID, in the mobile radiotelephone terminal scanning all the different bands to determine if a system ID matches the extended system ID, when the received system ID is a mismatch with the home system ID, in the mobile radiotelephone terminal determining if a match exists between the received ID and any extended system ID stored in the mobile radiotelephone terminal, and in the mobile radiotelephone terminal responding to a match between the received ID and any extended system ID by using the extended system ID to access a band provided by the single service provider.
5. A method as claimed in claim 4 including the steps of storing a preferred frequency of operation in a memory for use in the home system, and storing a preferred frequency of operation in the memory for use in the extended system.
6. A method as claimed in claim 4 or 5 including determining if the radiotelephone terminal is in a roaming state.
7. A mobile radiotelephone terminal substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
8. A method for use in a cellular radiotelephone system substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
GB9212166A 1991-06-17 1992-06-09 Mobile radio telephone terminal and method for use in cellular radiotelephone system Expired - Fee Related GB2257334B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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US71645391 true 1991-06-17 1991-06-17

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GB9212166D0 GB9212166D0 (en) 1992-07-22
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GB2257334B GB2257334B (en) 1995-02-15

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Cited By (13)

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WO1993017529A1 (en) * 1992-02-24 1993-09-02 Nokia Telecommunications Oy Telecommunication system and subscriber authentication method
FR2700655A1 (en) * 1993-01-20 1994-07-22 Murata Machinery Ltd Portable mobile telephone
WO1998002008A2 (en) * 1996-07-10 1998-01-15 Orange Personal Communications Services Ltd. Mobile communications network
EP0779753A3 (en) * 1995-12-12 1999-05-12 AT&amp;T Wireless Services, Inc. A method for selecting a preferable wireless communications service provider in a multi-service provider environment
EP1022868A1 (en) * 1998-07-22 2000-07-26 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Mobile communication system and mobile communication method
GB2352135A (en) * 1999-06-11 2001-01-17 Motorola Inc Searching for a home public land mobile network
US6195532B1 (en) 1996-06-28 2001-02-27 At&T Wireless Srcs. Inc. Method for categorization of multiple providers in a wireless communications service environment
US6223042B1 (en) 1997-06-26 2001-04-24 At&T Wireless Services Inc Method of intelligent roaming using network information
US6282420B1 (en) 1995-12-12 2001-08-28 At&T Wireless Services Inc. Method for selecting a wireless communications service provider in a multi-service provider environment
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US6456843B1 (en) 1996-10-08 2002-09-24 At&T Wireless Services, Inc. Method and apparatus for over-the-air programming of telecommunication services
US6470182B1 (en) 1998-08-17 2002-10-22 At&T Wireless Service, Inc. Mobile station roaming in a multiple service provider area
DE102008047543A1 (en) * 2008-09-16 2010-04-15 T-Mobile International Ag Minimizing the signaling traffic at Home Base Stations

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US4916728A (en) * 1988-07-25 1990-04-10 Gte Mobilnet Incorporated Cellular telephone unit with prioritized frequency acquisition
EP0382309A1 (en) * 1989-02-08 1990-08-16 Philips Electronics Uk Limited Mobile radio transmission system and a mobile station for use in the system

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US4916728A (en) * 1988-07-25 1990-04-10 Gte Mobilnet Incorporated Cellular telephone unit with prioritized frequency acquisition
EP0382309A1 (en) * 1989-02-08 1990-08-16 Philips Electronics Uk Limited Mobile radio transmission system and a mobile station for use in the system

Cited By (38)

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WO1993017529A1 (en) * 1992-02-24 1993-09-02 Nokia Telecommunications Oy Telecommunication system and subscriber authentication method
US5557654A (en) * 1992-02-24 1996-09-17 Nokia Telecommunications Oy System and method for authenticating subscribers of a transmission network and subscription, having differing authentication procedures, using a common authentication center
FR2700655A1 (en) * 1993-01-20 1994-07-22 Murata Machinery Ltd Portable mobile telephone
US6418318B1 (en) 1995-12-12 2002-07-09 At&T Wireless Services, Inc. Method for selecting a preferable wireless communications service provider in a multi-service provider environment
US8081973B2 (en) 1995-12-12 2011-12-20 At&T Mobility Ii Llc Method for selecting a preferable wireless communications service provider in a multi-service provider environment
EP0779753A3 (en) * 1995-12-12 1999-05-12 AT&amp;T Wireless Services, Inc. A method for selecting a preferable wireless communications service provider in a multi-service provider environment
US6771961B2 (en) 1995-12-12 2004-08-03 At&T Wireless Services, Inc. Method for selecting a wireless communications service provider in a multi-service provider environment
US6782259B2 (en) 1995-12-12 2004-08-24 At&T Wireless Services, Inc. Method for selecting a preferable wireless communication service provider in a multi-service provider environment
US6430396B1 (en) 1995-12-12 2002-08-06 At&T Wireless Services, Inc. Method for selecting a wireless communications service provider in a multi-service provider environment
US7356338B2 (en) 1995-12-12 2008-04-08 At&T Mobility Ii Llc Method for selecting a wireless communication service provider in a multi-service provider environment
US7346350B2 (en) 1995-12-12 2008-03-18 At&T Mobility Llc Method for selecting a preferable wireless communications service provider in a multi-service provider environment
US6282420B1 (en) 1995-12-12 2001-08-28 At&T Wireless Services Inc. Method for selecting a wireless communications service provider in a multi-service provider environment
US6298235B1 (en) 1995-12-12 2001-10-02 At&T Wireless Services, Inc. Powered down selection of a preferable wireless communications service provider in a multi-service provider environment
US6311064B1 (en) 1995-12-12 2001-10-30 At&T Wireless Services, Inc. Powered down selection of a preferable wireless communications service provider in a multi-service provider environment
EP1337126A2 (en) * 1995-12-12 2003-08-20 AT&amp;T Wireless Services, Inc. A method for selecting preferable wireless communications service provider in a multi-service provider environment
EP1337126A3 (en) * 1995-12-12 2003-09-17 AT&amp;T Wireless Services, Inc. A method for selecting preferable wireless communications service provider in a multi-service provider environment
US6807418B2 (en) 1996-06-28 2004-10-19 At&T Wireless Services, Inc. Method for categorization of multiple providers in a wireless communications service environment
US6195532B1 (en) 1996-06-28 2001-02-27 At&T Wireless Srcs. Inc. Method for categorization of multiple providers in a wireless communications service environment
US7409213B2 (en) 1996-06-28 2008-08-05 At&T Mobility Ii Llc Method for categorization of multiple providers in a wireless communications service environment
US7664499B2 (en) 1996-06-28 2010-02-16 At&T Mobility Ii Llc Method for categorization of multiple providers in a wireless communication service environment
US8095133B2 (en) 1996-06-28 2012-01-10 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method for categorization of multiple providers in a wireless communication service environment
US6377787B1 (en) 1996-06-28 2002-04-23 At&T Wireless Services, Inc. Method for categorization of multiple providers in a wireless communications service environment
US9002355B2 (en) 1996-06-28 2015-04-07 At&T Mobility Llc Method for categorization of multiple providers in a wireless communication service environment
WO1998002008A2 (en) * 1996-07-10 1998-01-15 Orange Personal Communications Services Ltd. Mobile communications network
WO1998002008A3 (en) * 1996-07-10 1998-03-12 Timothy Haysom Mobile communications network
US7136633B2 (en) 1996-10-08 2006-11-14 Cingular Wireless Ii, Llc Method and apparatus for over-the-air programming of telecommunication services
US6456843B1 (en) 1996-10-08 2002-09-24 At&T Wireless Services, Inc. Method and apparatus for over-the-air programming of telecommunication services
US6223042B1 (en) 1997-06-26 2001-04-24 At&T Wireless Services Inc Method of intelligent roaming using network information
US6473627B1 (en) 1998-07-22 2002-10-29 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Mobile communication system and mobile communication method
EP1022868A1 (en) * 1998-07-22 2000-07-26 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Mobile communication system and mobile communication method
EP1022868A4 (en) * 1998-07-22 2001-05-09 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Mobile communication system and mobile communication method
US6470182B1 (en) 1998-08-17 2002-10-22 At&T Wireless Service, Inc. Mobile station roaming in a multiple service provider area
GB2352135A (en) * 1999-06-11 2001-01-17 Motorola Inc Searching for a home public land mobile network
DE10027047B4 (en) * 1999-06-11 2006-10-19 Motorola, Inc., Schaumburg Process for the continuous search of a Public Land mobile home network
GB2352135B (en) * 1999-06-11 2002-01-16 Motorola Inc Method for continuous home public land mobile network search
US6567663B1 (en) 1999-06-11 2003-05-20 Motorola, Inc. Method for continuous home public land mobile network search
CN1111340C (en) * 1999-06-11 2003-06-11 摩托罗拉公司 Method for continuously searching origin public land mobile network
DE102008047543A1 (en) * 2008-09-16 2010-04-15 T-Mobile International Ag Minimizing the signaling traffic at Home Base Stations

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
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GB9212166D0 (en) 1992-07-22 grant

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Effective date: 20080609