GB2255019A - Pressure sleeve for reduction of digital swelling - Google Patents

Pressure sleeve for reduction of digital swelling Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2255019A
GB2255019A GB9107080A GB9107080A GB2255019A GB 2255019 A GB2255019 A GB 2255019A GB 9107080 A GB9107080 A GB 9107080A GB 9107080 A GB9107080 A GB 9107080A GB 2255019 A GB2255019 A GB 2255019A
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GB
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
sleeve
device
finger
device according
swelling
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB9107080A
Other versions
GB9107080D0 (en )
Inventor
Neil William Rasburn
John Knowles Stanley
Original Assignee
Neil William Rasburn
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/30Pressure-pads
    • A61F5/34Pressure pads filled with air or liquid

Abstract

Accidental or surgical trauma to the body, generally gives rise to swelling. Because finger joints are surrounded by tendon and ligament only and, therefore, lack the hydromechanical action of muscle to reduce the swelling of the joint, such joints are particularly prone to prolonged swelling which prevents correct flexion of the finger. By rolling a device comprising a hollow fluid-filled sleeve having a continuous and endless elastomeric wall (12) formed as two tubes (12A, 12B) one inside the other and connected together at respective ends, back and forth along the finger from tip to base, accumulated intracellular fluid is urged towards the lymphatics hence reducing the swelling. The device may be inflated using an inflation tube (18) with a self-sealing valve (20). <IMAGE>

Description

A DEVICE FOR THE REDUCTION OF DIGITAL OEDEMA This invention relates to digital oedema therapy, and in particular to a device for such therapy.

Both accidental and surgical trauma to the hand gives rise to swelling, as it does in any other part of the body. The effect of this swelling is to reduce hand function, impede rehabilitation, and prolong the period of time the patient spends away from useful activity. Injuries to the joints of the fingers are particularly prone to prolonged swelling, the effect of which is directly to prevent correct flexion of the finger. A finger tends to stay swollen for much longer than say a knee or an elbow because, in essence, the fingers do not have any muscle within them or across any of the joints. Instead, the joints are surrounded by tendon and ligament only and, therefore, lack the hydromechanical action of muscle that is usually effective in reducing the swelling of the joint. As a result, a swollen finger joint requires external pressure to be applied.

It is known to apply pressure to the finger for the reduction of oedema by massaging the finger, or by wrapping string around it. The latter technique involves taking a piece of sash cord, for instance, and wrapping it around the finger tightly, starting at the tip of the finger and continuing until the base of the finger is reached, and then removing the string. This has the effect of reducing some of the swelling and allows improved flexion of the joint.

However, the technique is time consuming and uncomfortable for the patient, and is difficult if a middle or ring finger is involved. A further technique is to use an external pressurised box or giant glove which is pulse inflated to reduce the swelling of the hand and wrist. This is a <RTI>complex</RTI> method of treatment and does not specifically treat the fingers where the main problem usually lies.

It is an object of the present invention to provide for specific treatment of finger injuries and finger swelling causing restriction of flexion.

According to this invention, a device for the reduction of digital oedema comprises a hollow fluid-filled sleeve having a continuous and endless elastomeric wall formed as two tubes one inside the other and connected together at respective ends. Typically, the length of the sleeve is in the region of 30mm to <RTI>50mm,</RTI> with a diameter in the region of 20 to 35mm when in use. The sleeve is preferably inflated with air or another gas or a liquid through a self-sealing valve and a tube connecting the valve to an opening in the wall of the sleeve. Since the continuous wall is endless, the inflated device may be progressively rolled onto the finger, with the wall material forming the inner tube continuously rolling around the trailing end to form the outer tube and vice versa at the leading end. The device may be self-applied by the patient.The presence of an elastomeric outer wall allows a predetermined pressure to be applied largely irrespective of the size of the finger without re-inflation or deflation.

While the length and diameter measurements given above are preferred, it is possible to construct a device of any length between 25mm and <RTI>60mum,</RTI> and with an inflated outer diameter of up to 40mm. The thickness of the elastomeric wall is preferably in the range of 0.3mm to 0.8mm, and preferably 0.5mm. The material typically has a shore hardness no greater than 50, and preferably in the region of 35 to 45.

By inflating the sleeve to a pressure in the region of, for example, 20 to 30mm of mercury and rolling the sleeve back and forth along the finger from tip to base, accumulated intracellular fluid is urged towards the lymphatics and hence into a general circulation.

The invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the drawing in which: Figure 1 is a perspective view of a device in accordance with the invention, shown in an inflated condition; and Figure 2 is a longitudinal cross-section of the device of Figure 1.

Referring to the drawings, a device for the reduction of digital oedema is in the form of an inflated or inflatable tube 10 having a thin continuous and endless elastomeric wall 12 so formed to constitute an outer tube 12A, which is generally cylindrical when the sleeve is inflated, and a coextensive inner tube 12B which is joined to the outer tube by end wall portions 12C and 12D. Since the actual length of material of the inner wall in a transverse cross-section of the sleeve is substantially the same as the length of the material of the outer wall in the same cross-section, the inner wall forms a number of creases 14 as shown. The wall 12 is provided with an opening with a connection element 16 for connecting an inflation tube 18.This preferably communicates with a releasable non-return valve 20 which is shown in the drawings at the distal end of the tube 18, but which could equally be located at the proximal end, forming part of the connection element 16.

In this preferred embodiment of the invention the length of the device when inflated is approximately <RTI>5 Omm</RTI> and the outside diameter about 30mm. The device may be constructed from a rectangular sheet of medical grade latex rubber or silicone rubber having a length of about 100mm and a width of about 60mm, although variations of these dimensions within the ranges 60mm to 120mm and 50mm to 70mm are possible. A double-walled hollow sleeve may be formed from the rectangular sheet by joining together the two longer edges and then joining the two shorter edges together.

Before inflation, the inner diameter of the tube may be in the region of 20 to 25mm. When inflated the inner wall becomes creased as shown in the drawing, while the outer wall stretches.

The sleeve 10 may be filled with a fluid such as air or another gas, or even with a silicone liquid through tube 18, preferably to a pressure in the region 20 to 30mm of mercury. At this point, it is best to arrange the sleeve so that the inflation tube 18 is adjacent one end. Then, the end of the sleeve furthest from the inflation tube 18 is placed on the tip of the finger and the sleeve is rolled onto the finger with the material of the outer wall 12A moving forwards and around the end 12C to form the inner wall 12B as the material of the inner wall 12B moves around the other end 12D to form the outer wall 12A. The air or liquid within the sleeve exerts a gentle compressive force.

The sleeve is preferably rhythmically rolled down the finger from tip <RTI>-to</RTI> base. Since the circumference of the finger increases towards its base, pressure within the sleeve increases as the finger is progressively inserted, so that the finger is massaged and the accumulated intracellular serous fluid within it is mobilized towards the lymphatics and hence into the general blood circulation. Repeated movement up and down the finger is preferably performed over a period of several minutes.

The pressure within the device is not critical, but 20 to 30mm of mercury is generally more than sufficient to overcome the natural tendency for fluid to collect within the finger since the normal osmotic pressure of the fluid amounts to some 7 to 8mm of mercury. Very high pressures are generally unsuitable since they cause distention of the device and prevent its ease of use on the middle two fingers (a problem with some prior methods of treatment).

The pressure within the device can be increased or decreased via the inflation tube 18 and the valve 20. Use of a tube 18 is not essential to the invention, and a valve may be incorporated directly in the wall 12A, substantially flushfitted.

A trial with an air-filled device has shown very high patient compliance with its use, and some particularly effective results, in that chronic finger swelling of the type that might occur for anything up to a year following a joint injury was dramatically reduced within minutes of using the device. This improvement allowed greater flexion of the finger joint which, in turn, allowed for better natural reduction of the oedema. Although there was a relapse of the finger swelling, it was never to the same degree as that before treatment. A reduction in circumference at the proximal interphalangeal joint amounting to lmm in diameter improved the range of movement of the finger by 2.70 per millimetre of diameter reduction on average, and within a period of 3 to 4 weeks of using the device large improvements in finger flexion were noted.

Beyond 800 of flexion was achieved with the result that natural pressure generation within the finger by the fat pads of the finger on either side of the joint meeting was found to be sufficient to maintain the improvement.

Claims (9)

1. A device for the reduction of digital oedema comprising a hollow fluid-filled sleeve having a continuous and endless elastomeric wall formed as two tubes one inside the other and connected together at respective ends.
2. A device according to claim 1 having a self-sealing valve and a tube connecting the valve to an opening in the wall of the sleeve.
3. A device according to any preceding claim, wherein the sleeve is inflated with air or another gas, or a liquid.
4. A device according to claim 3, wherein the sleeve is inflated to a pressure in the range of 2666Pa to 3999Pa (20mm to 30mm of mercury).
5. A device according to any preceding claim, wherein the length of the sleeve is between 25mm and 60mm.
6. A device according to any preceding claim, wherein in use, the outer diameter of the device is up to 40mm.
7. A device according to any preceding claim, wherein the thickness of the elastomeric wall is in the range of from 0.3mm to 0.8mm.
8. A device according to any preceding claim, wherein the elastomeric wall has a shore hardness in the range of 35 to 45.
9. A-method of reducing digital oedema whereby, a device comprising a hollow fluid-filled sleeve having a continuous and endless elastomeric wall formed as two tubes one inside the other and connected together at respective ends is rolled onto a finger, the wall material forming the inner tube continuously rolling around the trailing end to form the outer tube and the outer tube continuously rolling around the leading end to form the inner tube.
<RTI>10.</RTI> A device for the reduction of digital oedema substantially as described herein, with reference to the drawing.
GB9107080A 1991-04-04 1991-04-04 A device for the reduction of digital oedema Withdrawn GB9107080D0 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9107080A GB9107080D0 (en) 1991-04-04 1991-04-04 A device for the reduction of digital oedema

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9107080A GB9107080D0 (en) 1991-04-04 1991-04-04 A device for the reduction of digital oedema

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB9107080D0 GB9107080D0 (en) 1991-05-22
GB2255019A true true GB2255019A (en) 1992-10-28

Family

ID=10692639

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB9107080A Withdrawn GB9107080D0 (en) 1991-04-04 1991-04-04 A device for the reduction of digital oedema

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (1) GB9107080D0 (en)

Cited By (37)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2344524A (en) * 1998-10-19 2000-06-14 Rosemary Chukwulobelu Tourniquet
WO2000035356A1 (en) * 1998-12-01 2000-06-22 Atropos Limited An exsanguinator
US6578577B2 (en) 1998-12-01 2003-06-17 Atropos Limited Laparoscopic sealed access device
US6582364B2 (en) 1999-10-14 2003-06-24 Atropos Limited Retractor and method for use
US7153261B2 (en) 2003-04-25 2006-12-26 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Surgical hand access apparatus
US7195590B2 (en) 1998-12-01 2007-03-27 Atropos Limited Surgical device
US7393322B2 (en) 2004-04-05 2008-07-01 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Surgical hand access apparatus
US7717847B2 (en) 2004-04-05 2010-05-18 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Surgical hand access apparatus
US7766824B2 (en) 2005-03-31 2010-08-03 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Surgical hand access apparatus
US7867164B2 (en) 1999-10-14 2011-01-11 Atropos Limited Wound retractor system
US7998068B2 (en) 1998-12-01 2011-08-16 Atropos Limited Instrument access device
US8016755B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2011-09-13 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical access apparatus and method
US8021296B2 (en) 1999-12-01 2011-09-20 Atropos Limited Wound retractor
US8109873B2 (en) 2007-05-11 2012-02-07 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical retractor with gel pad
US8157835B2 (en) 2001-08-14 2012-04-17 Applied Medical Resouces Corporation Access sealing apparatus and method
US8187177B2 (en) 2003-09-17 2012-05-29 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical instrument access device
US8187178B2 (en) 2007-06-05 2012-05-29 Atropos Limited Instrument access device
US8226552B2 (en) 2007-05-11 2012-07-24 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical retractor
US8235054B2 (en) 2002-06-05 2012-08-07 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retractor
US8262568B2 (en) 2008-10-13 2012-09-11 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Single port access system
US8267858B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2012-09-18 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retractor with gel cap
US8317691B2 (en) 1998-12-01 2012-11-27 Atropos Limited Wound retractor device
US8343047B2 (en) 2008-01-22 2013-01-01 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical instrument access device
US8375955B2 (en) 2009-02-06 2013-02-19 Atropos Limited Surgical procedure
US8388526B2 (en) 2001-10-20 2013-03-05 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retraction apparatus and method
US8657740B2 (en) 2007-06-05 2014-02-25 Atropos Limited Instrument access device
US8703034B2 (en) 2001-08-14 2014-04-22 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Method of making a tack-free gel
US8734336B2 (en) 1998-12-01 2014-05-27 Atropos Limited Wound retractor device
US8752553B2 (en) 1993-09-06 2014-06-17 Atropos Limited Apparatus for use in surgery and a valve
US8758236B2 (en) 2011-05-10 2014-06-24 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retractor
US8932214B2 (en) 2003-02-25 2015-01-13 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical access system
US9271753B2 (en) 2002-08-08 2016-03-01 Atropos Limited Surgical device
US9289200B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2016-03-22 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Natural orifice surgery system
US9289115B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2016-03-22 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Natural orifice surgery system
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US9949730B2 (en) 2014-11-25 2018-04-24 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Circumferential wound retraction with support and guidance structures

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1319574A (en) * 1969-06-17 1973-06-06 Mobul Ltd Inflatable sleeve for treating a swollen limb of a patient
EP0001357A1 (en) * 1977-09-23 1979-04-04 Noel Ceredig Rhys-Davies Exsanguinating device
US4269177A (en) * 1979-08-16 1981-05-26 Clark Stanley M Therapeutic device
WO1983001192A1 (en) * 1981-10-02 1983-04-14 LÖFQVIST, Johan Device for applying and/or keeping an ischaemic area during surgery on the limbs
US4573453A (en) * 1983-06-16 1986-03-04 Jean Tissot Pressure therapy apparatus

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1319574A (en) * 1969-06-17 1973-06-06 Mobul Ltd Inflatable sleeve for treating a swollen limb of a patient
EP0001357A1 (en) * 1977-09-23 1979-04-04 Noel Ceredig Rhys-Davies Exsanguinating device
US4269177A (en) * 1979-08-16 1981-05-26 Clark Stanley M Therapeutic device
WO1983001192A1 (en) * 1981-10-02 1983-04-14 LÖFQVIST, Johan Device for applying and/or keeping an ischaemic area during surgery on the limbs
US4573453A (en) * 1983-06-16 1986-03-04 Jean Tissot Pressure therapy apparatus

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US7998068B2 (en) 1998-12-01 2011-08-16 Atropos Limited Instrument access device
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