GB2234906A - Nuclectomy instrument - Google Patents

Nuclectomy instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2234906A
GB2234906A GB9016220A GB9016220A GB2234906A GB 2234906 A GB2234906 A GB 2234906A GB 9016220 A GB9016220 A GB 9016220A GB 9016220 A GB9016220 A GB 9016220A GB 2234906 A GB2234906 A GB 2234906A
Authority
GB
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
tube
material
nuclear
instrument
outer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB9016220A
Other versions
GB9016220D0 (en )
Inventor
John Anthony Norman Shepperd
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Aesculap-Skidmore Holdings Ltd
AESCULAP SKIDMORE HOLDINGS
Original Assignee
* AESCULAP-SKIDMORE HOLDINGS LIMITED
AESCULAP SKIDMORE HOLDINGS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/32Surgical cutting instruments
    • A61B17/320016Endoscopic cutting instruments, e.g. arthroscopes, resectoscopes
    • A61B17/32002Endoscopic cutting instruments, e.g. arthroscopes, resectoscopes with continuously rotating, oscillating or reciprocating cutting instruments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/00234Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for minimally invasive surgery
    • A61B2017/00238Type of minimally invasive operation
    • A61B2017/00261Discectomy
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B2017/00681Aspects not otherwise provided for
    • A61B2017/00685Archimedes screw

Abstract

A nuclectomy instrument 1, e.g. for the removal of nuclear material from an intervertebral disc, comprises a tube 2 with an open distal end, a means at the distal end of the tube to engage nuclear material and to cause the deposit of nuclear material within the tube 2 (e.g. blades 6 or a drilling member 15-Fig. 5) and there being a means to cause the withdrawal along the tube of nuclear material deposited in the tube (e.g. a source of suction 5). <IMAGE>

Description

<RTI>NU #E CTOMY</RTI> <RTI>INSTRUMENT</RTI> This invention relates to a nuclectomy instrument, particularly, but not exclusively for the removal of nuclear material from an intervertebral disc.

Between adjacent vertebrae of the spine there is an intervertebral disc composed of an annul us fibrosus within which is the nucleus pulposus. In the event of the prolapse of a disc, a frequent result is that a part of the annul us fibrosus presses against a nerve root extending from the spinal cord, to the considerable discomfort of the patient.

To relieve the patient, a surgical procedure called discectomy is known where the entire prolapsed intervertebral disc is removed, or alternatively the nucleus pulposus is removed together with that part of the annul us fibrosus in contact with the nerve root.

Thus it is known to employ a rongeur to remove the entire intervertebral disc, a forcep like instrument with cup shaped jaws, but this is a time consuming process due to the fact that a rongeur has to be used repeatedly to remove small fragments at a time, and the cup jaws of the <RTI>rongeur</RTI> repeatedly emptied.

The object of the present invention is to provide an instrument that avoids those disadvantages mentioned above, and which has uses other than in operations on parts of the anatomy other than intervertebral discs.

According to the present invention, a nuclectomy instrument comprises a tube with an open distal end, a means at the distal end of the tube to engage nuclear material and to cause the deposit of nuclear material within the <RTI>tube and</RTI> there being a means to cause the withdrawal along the tube -of nuclear material deposited in the tube.

Thus, in its simplest form, two diametrically disposed angled blades can be disposed in the open distal end of the tube, and the proximal end of the tube connected to suction.

With then the tube brought into contact with nuclear material, a gentle rotation of the tube causes the blades to direct nuclear material into the tube, the applied suction causing the removal of the nuclear material along the tube.

To ensure that tissues, nerves or the like in the vicinity of the nuclear material are not unduly disturbed or damaged, it is preferred to provide said rotatable tube within an outer tube that remains stationary whilst the said tube is rotated and advanced into the nuclear material to cause its <RTI>removal.</RTI>

According to a second aspect of the invention, a nuclectomy instrument comprises an outer tube with an open distal end, a rotatable second tube or rod extending through said outer tube and emerging from said distal end, said emerging part of said second tube or rod terminating in a means to engage nuclear material and cause the deposit of nuclear material in the outer tube, and there being a means to cause the removal of the nuclear material along the outer tube or the inner tube.

Thus, the outer tube may be connected to suction to remove nuclear material deposited in the outer tube.

Alternatively, when a rotatable second tube is provided, access holes or slots may be provided in the second tube, and the second tube connected to suction to remove nuclear material deposited in the outer tube.

The outer and inner tube or rod may be parallel sided or may taper distally or proximally whichever may be convenient. The outer tube may also be curved longitudinally to suit specific anatomical requirements. Desirably, in addition to being rotatable, the second rod or tube may be capable of being advanced and retracted through the outer tube.

The emergent section of the second tube or rod may be formed after the manner of a helically fluted drill, or as a helical cutter blade and may be formed of solid material or of an appropriate fibrous material. Thus, as the helically fluted drill or the helical cutter blade engages nuclear material it is carried by the helical fluting or the curvature of the blade into the outer tube.

When it is the outer tube that is connected to suction, preferably, an enlarged chamber is provided on the proximal end with a connection to a source of suction, the open end of the chamber having a guide sleeve for the second tube or rod and a cap to form a sliding seal with the end of the second tube or rod passing out of the second tube through the guide sleeve. Preferably a means suitable to be gripped by the operative, e.g., a knurled knob, is provided at the emergent end of the second tube or rod.

According to a third aspect of the invention, a method of removing nuclear material comprises positioning a tube in contact with the nuclear material said tube having at its open distal end a means to engage the nuclear material, rotating the tube to cause the deposit of nuclear material within the tube, and removing said nuclear material along the tube.

According to yet another aspect of the invention, a method of removing nuclear material comprises positioning an outer tube in close proximity to the nuclear material and to bring the end of an inner assembly to the outer tube, into contact with the nuclear material rotating the inner assembly to cause the deposit of nuclear material within the outer tube and removing the nuclear material along the outer tube or the inner assembly by suction. To enable removal along the inner assembly, the inner assembly is formed by a second tube.

In the application of the invention to an intervertebral disc, access to the spineand nucleus puplosus can be achieved by any known and appropriate surgical technique, and the instrument of the invention introduced against an exposed part of the nucleus pulposus rotation of the tube or the inner assembly causing the instrument to penetrate and into the nucleus pulposus, continued rotation and if desired reciprocation of the tube or the inner assembly causing the removal of the nucleus pulposus.

It will be understood that in addition to the above application, the instrument of the invention may equally be used in the removal of for example mucous from airways, removal of subcutaneous fat, removal of liver tissue, aqueous or vitreous humours, <RTI>oancellous</RTI> bone and the contents of tumor material.

Four embodiments of an instrument in accordance with the present invention will now be described by way of example only with respect to the accompanying drawings; in which: Figure 1 is a part-sectional side elevation of one embodiment of nuclectomy instrument, according to the invention; Figure 2 is an enlarged view of the operative end of the instrument of Figure 1; Figure 3 is an end view of Figure 2; Figure 4 is a part-sectional side elevation of a second embodiment of nuclectomy instrument according to the invention; Figure 5 is a part-sectional side elevation of a third embodiment of nuclectomy instrument according to the invention; and Figure 6 is a part-sectional side elevation of a fourth embodiment of nuclectomy instrument according to the invention.

In Figures 1 to 3, a nuclectomy instrument 1 comprises an elongate tube 2 connected to a hand grip 3, rotatably connected to a support 4 for an upper tube member 5 for connection to a source of suction. At the operative end of the tube 2 as is shown more particularly by Figures 2 and 3, a pair of angled cutting blades 6 extend diametrically across the open end of the tube.

Thus, with the operative end of the tube 2 brought into contact with nuclear material to be removed, and with the upper tube 5 connected to a source of suction, the support 4 can be gripped in one hand and the hand grip 3 held by the other, and the tube gently rotated by the hand grip whilst at the same time the tube is eased into the nuclear material, and when the blades 6 sever small pieces of nuclear material and deposit them in the end of the tube 2, to be drawn away along the tube 2 by the applied suction.

In certain applications, it is necessary to pass the instrument through tissue to reach the nuclear material, and equally so that the nuclear material can be in very close proximity to nerves. Here, considerable care needs to be exercised to avoid or minimise damage to tissue and to nerves.

Thus, and as is shown in Figure 4, the instrument 1 of Figure 1 can be positioned within an outer tube 7 introduced simultaneously into the vicinity of the nuclear material, and when the device 1 can be operated as described above, with the outer tube held stationary.

In Figure 5, a nuclectomy instrument comprises an outer tube 8 having a chamber 9 at one end with a connection <RTI>1B</RTI> to a source of suction. The chamber <RTI>1~</RTI> is closed by a cap 11 and seal 12 with a rotatable rod 13 extending through the seal from a hand grip 14 and down the tube 8 to emerge at the opposite end, and where it is provided with a drill-like or archemedian screw-like cutting member 15. Thus, with the instrument brought into contact with nuclear material, the chamber 9 can be held in one hand to hold the outer tube 8 stationary, and the cutting member 15 rotated via the hand grip 14, to dislodge nuclear material and deposit it in the outer tube, to be drawn away along the outer tube by suction.

Figure 6 shows a still further possibility. Here an outer tube 16 has passed along it an inner tube 17, on which a hand grip 18 is provided, the tube extending to and being rotatably connected to, a support 19 having an upper tube <RTI>20</RTI> for connection to a source of suction. At the operative end, the inner tube has a drill-like or archemedian screw-like cutting member 21, and spaced above the cutting device, the inner tube has one or more apertures 22 leading to the interior of the inner tube. Here, and with the instrument brought into contact with nuclear material, the outer tube 16 is held stationary, and the inner tube rotated, the cutting member 21 dislodging small pieces of nuclear material and depositing them in the end of the outer tube 16, from where it is drawn by suction through the apertures 22 in the inner tube and away along the inner tube by suction.

Claims (12)

1. A nuclectomy instrument comprising a tube with an open distal end, a means at the distal end of the tube to engage nuclear material and to cause the deposit of nuclear material within the tube and there being a means to cause the withdrawal along the tube of nuclear material deposited in the tube.
2. A nuclectomy instrument as in Claim 1, wherein two diametrically disposed angled blades are disposed in the open distal end of the tube.
3. A nuclectomy instrument as in Claim 1 or Claim 2, wherein the said tube is connected to a source of suction.
4. A nuclectomy instrument as in any of Claims 1 to 3, wherein said tube is rotatively and slidably located in an outer tube.
5. A nuclectomy instrument comprising an outer tube with an open distal end, a rotatable second tube or rod extending through said outer tube and emerging from said distal end, said emerging part of said second tube or rod terminating in a means to engage nuclear material and cause the deposit of nuclear material in the outer tube, and there being a means to cause the removal of the nuclear material along the outer tube or the inner tube.
6. A nuclectomy instrument as in Claim 5, wherein the outer tube is connected to a source of suction.
7. A nuclectomy instrument as in Claim 5 and when a rotatable second tube is provided, the second tube is connected to a source of suction, and access holes are provided in the second tube to allow the passage of nuclear material deposited in the outer tube.
8. A nuclectomy instrument as in any of Claims 5 to 7, wherein the second tube or rod is provided at its distal end with a helically fluted drill.
9. A nuclectomy instrument as in Claim 8, wherein said helically fluted drill is an archimedes screw.
<RTI>l~.</RTI> A nuclectomy instrument as in any of Claims 5 to <RTI>l~,</RTI> wherein an enlarged chamber is provided on the proximal end with a connection to a source of suction, the open end of the chamber having a guide sleeve for the second tube or rod and a cap to form a sliding seal with the end of the second tube or rod passing out of the second tube through the guide sleeve.
11. A nuclectomy instrument substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to Figures 1 to 3, Figure 4, Figure 5 or Figure 6 of the accompanying drawings.
12. A method of removing nuclear material as herein defined.
GB9016220A 1989-08-02 1990-07-24 Nuclectomy instrument Withdrawn GB9016220D0 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB8917679A GB8917679D0 (en) 1989-08-02 1989-08-02 Nuclectomy instrument
GB9016220A GB9016220D0 (en) 1989-08-02 1990-07-24 Nuclectomy instrument

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9016220A GB9016220D0 (en) 1989-08-02 1990-07-24 Nuclectomy instrument

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB9016220D0 GB9016220D0 (en) 1990-09-05
GB2234906A true true GB2234906A (en) 1991-02-20

Family

ID=26295694

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB9016220A Withdrawn GB9016220D0 (en) 1989-08-02 1990-07-24 Nuclectomy instrument

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (1) GB9016220D0 (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5395317A (en) * 1991-10-30 1995-03-07 Smith & Nephew Dyonics, Inc. Unilateral biportal percutaneous surgical procedure
EP0651973A1 (en) * 1993-11-09 1995-05-10 Bristol-Myers Squibb Company Surgical router
US5792044A (en) * 1996-03-22 1998-08-11 Danek Medical, Inc. Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
EP0904123A1 (en) * 1996-05-02 1999-03-31 Smith &amp; Nephew, Inc. Oval cannula assembly
US6162170A (en) * 1996-03-22 2000-12-19 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US6679833B2 (en) 1996-03-22 2004-01-20 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US7198598B2 (en) 1996-03-22 2007-04-03 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US7427264B2 (en) 2005-04-22 2008-09-23 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Instruments and methods for selective tissue retraction through a retractor sleeve
US7699877B2 (en) 2000-08-01 2010-04-20 Zimmer Spine, Inc. Method of securing vertebrae
US7985247B2 (en) 2000-08-01 2011-07-26 Zimmer Spine, Inc. Methods and apparatuses for treating the spine through an access device
US8540746B2 (en) 1998-08-20 2013-09-24 Zimmer Spine, Inc. Cannula for receiving surgical instruments

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2038640A (en) * 1978-12-22 1980-07-30 Draegerwerk Ag Cutting device
WO1981001363A1 (en) * 1979-11-22 1981-05-28 Unisearch Ltd Co-axial tube surgical infusion/suction cutter tip
US4274414A (en) * 1979-02-21 1981-06-23 Dyonics, Inc. Surgical instrument
GB2111390A (en) * 1981-12-14 1983-07-06 Heskel Marshall Haddad Surgical device for excision of tissue
EP0125070A2 (en) * 1983-04-27 1984-11-14 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Surgical cutting instrument
EP0174084A2 (en) * 1984-07-23 1986-03-12 Surgical Dynamics Inc. Surgical instrument
GB2198950A (en) * 1986-12-06 1988-06-29 Smiths Industries Plc Surgical instruments

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2038640A (en) * 1978-12-22 1980-07-30 Draegerwerk Ag Cutting device
US4274414A (en) * 1979-02-21 1981-06-23 Dyonics, Inc. Surgical instrument
WO1981001363A1 (en) * 1979-11-22 1981-05-28 Unisearch Ltd Co-axial tube surgical infusion/suction cutter tip
GB2111390A (en) * 1981-12-14 1983-07-06 Heskel Marshall Haddad Surgical device for excision of tissue
EP0125070A2 (en) * 1983-04-27 1984-11-14 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Surgical cutting instrument
EP0174084A2 (en) * 1984-07-23 1986-03-12 Surgical Dynamics Inc. Surgical instrument
GB2198950A (en) * 1986-12-06 1988-06-29 Smiths Industries Plc Surgical instruments

Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5395317A (en) * 1991-10-30 1995-03-07 Smith & Nephew Dyonics, Inc. Unilateral biportal percutaneous surgical procedure
EP0651973A1 (en) * 1993-11-09 1995-05-10 Bristol-Myers Squibb Company Surgical router
US7198598B2 (en) 1996-03-22 2007-04-03 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US7993378B2 (en) 1996-03-22 2011-08-09 Warsaw Orthopedic, IN. Methods for percutaneous spinal surgery
US5902231A (en) * 1996-03-22 1999-05-11 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US5954635A (en) * 1996-03-22 1999-09-21 Sdgi Holdings Inc. Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US6007487A (en) * 1996-03-22 1999-12-28 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Tissue retractor for use through a cannula
US5792044A (en) * 1996-03-22 1998-08-11 Danek Medical, Inc. Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US6162170A (en) * 1996-03-22 2000-12-19 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US6176823B1 (en) 1996-03-22 2001-01-23 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Fixture for supporting a viewing element within a cannula
US6206822B1 (en) 1996-03-22 2001-03-27 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US6217509B1 (en) 1996-03-22 2001-04-17 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US6425859B1 (en) 1996-03-22 2002-07-30 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Cannula and a retractor for percutaneous surgery
US6520907B1 (en) 1996-03-22 2003-02-18 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Methods for accessing the spinal column
US6679833B2 (en) 1996-03-22 2004-01-20 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
EP0904123A1 (en) * 1996-05-02 1999-03-31 Smith &amp; Nephew, Inc. Oval cannula assembly
EP0904123A4 (en) * 1996-05-02 2000-03-29 Smith & Nephew Inc Oval cannula assembly
US8540746B2 (en) 1998-08-20 2013-09-24 Zimmer Spine, Inc. Cannula for receiving surgical instruments
US7722530B2 (en) 2000-08-01 2010-05-25 Zimmer Spine, Inc. Method of securing vertebrae
US7850695B2 (en) 2000-08-01 2010-12-14 Zimmer Spine, Inc. Method of securing vertebrae
US7985247B2 (en) 2000-08-01 2011-07-26 Zimmer Spine, Inc. Methods and apparatuses for treating the spine through an access device
US9622735B2 (en) 2000-08-01 2017-04-18 Zimmer Spine, Inc. Method for securing vertebrae
US8277486B2 (en) 2000-08-01 2012-10-02 Zimmer Spine, Inc. System for performing a procedure at a spinal location
US7699877B2 (en) 2000-08-01 2010-04-20 Zimmer Spine, Inc. Method of securing vertebrae
US8777997B2 (en) 2000-08-01 2014-07-15 Zimmer Spine, Inc. Method for securing vertebrae
US8864785B2 (en) 2000-08-01 2014-10-21 Zimmer Spine, Inc. Method for securing vertebrae
US9101353B2 (en) 2000-08-01 2015-08-11 Zimmer Spine, Inc. Method of securing vertebrae
US7427264B2 (en) 2005-04-22 2008-09-23 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Instruments and methods for selective tissue retraction through a retractor sleeve

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