GB2143978A - Vehicle safety device - Google Patents

Vehicle safety device Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2143978A
GB2143978A GB08319438A GB8319438A GB2143978A GB 2143978 A GB2143978 A GB 2143978A GB 08319438 A GB08319438 A GB 08319438A GB 8319438 A GB8319438 A GB 8319438A GB 2143978 A GB2143978 A GB 2143978A
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GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
vehicle
safety device
device according
operable
vehicle safety
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB08319438A
Other versions
GB8319438D0 (en
Inventor
William David Devine
Original Assignee
William David Devine
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by William David Devine filed Critical William David Devine
Priority to GB08319438A priority Critical patent/GB2143978A/en
Publication of GB8319438D0 publication Critical patent/GB8319438D0/en
Publication of GB2143978A publication Critical patent/GB2143978A/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C5/00Registering or indicating the working of vehicles
    • G07C5/08Registering or indicating performance data other than driving, working, idle, or waiting time, with or without registering driving, working, idle or waiting time
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K28/00Safety devices for propulsion-unit control, specially adapted for, or arranged in, vehicles, e.g. preventing fuel supply or ignition in the event of potentially dangerous conditions
    • B60K28/02Safety devices for propulsion-unit control, specially adapted for, or arranged in, vehicles, e.g. preventing fuel supply or ignition in the event of potentially dangerous conditions responsive to conditions relating to the driver
    • B60K28/06Safety devices for propulsion-unit control, specially adapted for, or arranged in, vehicles, e.g. preventing fuel supply or ignition in the event of potentially dangerous conditions responsive to conditions relating to the driver responsive to incapacity of driver
    • B60K28/063Safety devices for propulsion-unit control, specially adapted for, or arranged in, vehicles, e.g. preventing fuel supply or ignition in the event of potentially dangerous conditions responsive to conditions relating to the driver responsive to incapacity of driver preventing starting of vehicles

Abstract

A vehicle safety device comprises a switch (18) controlled sensor (10) operable to detect the movement due to fatigue, illness or the like of a vehicle driver from a normal driving position, and to activate a warning device (11, 12, 13) either audible (11) and/or visual (12, 13). If the normal position is restored within a predetermined time the sensor (10) detects this and deactivates the warning device (11, 12, 13). If not the clutch (22) may be disengaged, vehicle brakes (15, 17) applied, and/or engine stopped by interruption of fuel supply (27) or electrical supply (24). A programmable activating device (48) for the solenoid operated locks (47) of the vehicle (43) may immobilise the vehicle (43) and/or activate the warning device (11, 12, 13), the activating device (48) being operable in response to selection of predetermined digits stored in a memory of the activating device (48). <IMAGE>

Description

SPECIFICATION Vehicle safety device This invention relates to vehicle safety devices.

Many accidents occur as a result of a driver of a vehicle losing control of that vehicle due to a personal disability such as a heart attack, dizziness, fainting, sleep or the like or due to a vehicle disability such as brake or steering failure. In many instances of personal disability, and in most cases of vehicle disability, there is little or no warning of the onset of the trouble, which can occur at any time. It is an object of the present invention to provide means whereby the repercussions usually associated with the occurrence of any of the abovementioned disabilities are avoided or at least substantially mitigated.

The invention provides a vehicle safety device comprising a warning device, and a sensor operable to detect the movement of a vehicle driver from a normal driving position and to initiate operation of said warning device.

The warning device may comprise an audible and/or a visual warning device. In the former case it may comprise a horn of the vehicle or an independent audible device. In the latter case it may include hazard warning flashing lights and/or rear braking indicator lights.

The sensor may also be operable to interrupt the normal driving operation of the vehicle, and may be operable to apply braking to the vehicle and/or interruption of the vehicle driving system. in the former case the braking may be effected by a normally driver operated braking system or by braking means independent of the normally driver operated system. In the latter case the interruption of the vehicle driving system may be by disengagement of a clutch and also by stopping the engine, for example, by interruption of fuel flow to the engine or by interruption of the ignition circuit.

The sensor may be operable to interrupt the normal driving operation of the vehicle a predetermined period after initiating operation of the warning device. The sensor may also be operable to detect the movement of the vehicle driver back into a normal driving position and to cause cessation of operation of the warning device and non-interruption of the normal driving operation of the vehicle.

A plurality of sensors may be provided, each operable to detect the movement of a respective part of the vehicle driver from its normal position during driving different from that part of the vehicle driver whose position is sensed by the or each other sensor. In this case operation of the warning device may be effected only in response to signals from all of the sensors.

Switch means may be provided whereby said sensor or sensors may be in an operational or non-operational condition. The switch means may be operable by an ignition circuit of the vehicle, or by movement of a handbrake lever to brake-off position.

By means of the invention it is believed that loss of life, serious injury and damage to vehicles and other property as a result of the occurrence of a personal or vehicle disability can be prevented or substantially mitigated.

However, another cause for concern is that of the number of vehicles stolen or otherwise taken without the owner's consent. It is another object of the present invention to provide means whereby such theft or unauthorised removal may be prevented or the risk thereof substantially reduced.

The invention provides a vehicle safety device comprising vehicle locking means and actuating means therefor, said actuating means being operable to activate said vehicle locking means and to interrupt the normal driving operation of the vehicle. The normal driving operation of the vehicle may be interrupted by engagement of brakes to the vehicle and/or interruption of the vehicle driving system. Interruption of the vehicle driving system may be by disengagement of a clutch of the vehicle and/or by prevention of fuel and/or ignition supply to the engine. The vehicle safety device may also include a warning device and a second actuating means operable to activate said warning device, which may be an audible and/or visual warning device. Said second actuating means may be operable in response to opening of said vehicle whilst said vehicle locking means is actuated.

Preferably said actuating means is operable in response to the selection of a predetermined plurality of digits, and said actuating means may include a programmable device having memory means in which said predetermined plurality of digits may be stored.

Embodiments of safety device in accordance with the invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which Figure 1 is a schematic layout of a first embodiment, Figure 2 is a schematic layout of a second embodiment, Figure 3 is a schematic perspective view of part of a vehicle inporating the safety device of Fig. 1 or Fig. 2, Figure 3a is a scrap section of the steering wheel of Fig. 3, and Figure 4 is a schematic perspective view of a vehicle incorporating a third embodiment of safety device.

Referring now to Fig. 1 there is shown a sensor 10 which when activated causes operation of warning devices in the form of a horn 11, hazard warning flashing lights 1 2 and rear braking indicator lights 1 3 of a vehicle (not shown). In order that there may not be an undue drain of the vehicle's battery (not shown) the sensor 10 provides a pulsed signal to the warning devices 11, 1 2 and 1 3 so that these devices operate intermittently. The sensor 10 is operable to detect movement of a driver of the vehicle from a normal driving position but is only operable when a switch 18 is switched to an on-position by movement of the hand-brake lever 14 to the brakes-off position.In this way activation of the warning devices 11, 12, 1 3 is prevented when the driver gets out of the vehicle or simply moves about whilst the vehicle is parked. As an alternative the sensor 10 may be operable only when the ignition circuit of the vehicle is switched on, or for added security when both handbrake lever 14 is in the brakes-off position and the ignition circuit of the vehicle is switched on.

If the movement of the driver from his normal driving position is due to drowsiness, he may be aroused by the operation of the horn 11 and/or by an indicator light (not shown) usually provided on the dashboard of the vehicle to indicate operation of the hazard warning lights. In such circumstances he will probably return rapidly to the normal driving position, in which case the sensor 10 will sense the same and cease activation of the warning devices 11, 12, 1 3. By this means an accident as a consequence of the drowsiness of the vehicle driver may be avoided.

If the driver does not return to the normal driving position within a predetermined time interval, for example 2 second, the sensor 10 is then operable to interrupt the normal driving operation of the vehicle. In this case the sensor 10 causes activation of a stepping motor 19 to apply the front and rear brakes 1 5, 1 7. The stepping motor 1 9 is connected to the piston (not shown) of the master cylinder 20 and brake fluid reservoir by means of a screwed and slotted shaft 26 whilst the lever carrying the brake pedal 1 6 is slidable in the slot of shaft 26.By this means rotation of the shaft 26 by stepping motor 19 does not affect the position of brake pedal 16 and operation of the brake pedal 1 6 does not affect the shaft 26 or stepping motor 1 9. A brake servo unit 25 of conventional form and having a vacuum inlet 23 may be provided as shown if required.

At the same time the sensor 10 is operable to open circuit a relay 24 in the ignition circuit of the vehicle and/or close a valve 27 to interrupt the fuel supply to the engine in the case of petrol driven engines, or close valve 27 to interrupt the fuel supply to the engine in the case of diesel engined vehicles.

In addition, the sensor 10 energises a solenoid 28 to open a valve 21 in a hydraulic fluid supply line 29 from the master cylinder 20 to the clutch operating cylinder 22, thereby causing disengagement of the clutch.

Such disengagement of the clutch would not occur on normal operation of the brake pedal 16 since valve 21 would be closed.

By means of the above, if the driver does not return to his normal driving position a predetermined time after actuation of the warning devices 11, 12, 13, the vehicle is brought to rest with the brakes 1 5, 1 7 on, the engine stopped and clutch disengaged.

Referring now to Fig. 2 there is shown an arrangement which is similar in many respects to that shown in Fig. 1 and like parts are indicated by the same reference numerals in the two cases. In the case of the embodiment of Fig. 2 the brakes 15, 1 7 are applied normally by means of brake pedal 1 6 operating through brake servo unit 25 and master cylinder 20 and the clutch disengaged normally by operation of the clutch cylinder 22 under pressure in the normal hydraulic fluid supply line 31. However, in each hydraulic fluid supply line 32 to the brakes 1 5, 1 7 and line 31 to the clutch cylinder 22 is provided a separator valve 30.Each valve 30 comprises a cylinder having inlets at opposed ends thereof and an outlet disposed centrally, and a valve member slidable within the cylinder so as to seal a low pressure inlet and provide a fluid flow path between the outlet and a high pressure inlet. One of the inlets is connected to a normal supply line 32 or 31 whilst the other inlet is connected to an auxiliary supply line 33. The outlet is connected to a brake 1 5 or 1 7 or the clutch cylinder 22 as appropriate. By this means operation of the normal brake or clutch mechanisms does not affect the fluid in the auxiliary supply system and vice-versa. The auxiliary supply system comprises a second master cylinder and fluid reservoir 34 to which the auxiliary supply line 33 is connected.The auxiliary supply system is activated by the sensor 10 a predetermined time interval after activation of the warning devices 11, 12, 1 3 as in the previous embodiment, and interruption of the fuel supply to the engine and/or open circuiting of the ignition circuit may occur as described in respect of the previous embodiment.

Referring now to Figs. 3 and 3a there is shown two sensors 1 Oa and 1 Ob. As previously mentioned the sensors 1 Oa, 1 Ob are only operable when the switch 18 is switched to the on position by means of handbrake lever 14 being moved to the brake-off position shown in Fig. 3. Sensor 1 Oa is located in the back of the driver's seat 35 and is responsive to pressure thereon by the driver when he is in a normal driving position. To avoid actuation of the warning devices 11, 12, 13 by sensor 1 0a in the event that a driver leans forward deliberatly whilst driving, a second sensor 1 Ob is provided in the steering wheel 36. Only when both sensors 1 0a and 1 Ob detect movement of the driver from his nor mal driving position are the warning devices 11, 12, 13 activated.The sensor lObcom- prises sensor strip contacts 37, 38, contact 37 being secured to the core 39 of the wheel 36 whilst contact 38 is embedded in a resiliently flexible outer sheath 40.

So as to avoid either unduly harsh braking when a vehicle is moving slowly or insufficient braking when the vehicle is moving at high speed the braking effort applied to the vehicle may be dependent upon the vehicle's speed.

For this purpose a speed sensor 41 incorporated in the speed indicator 42 of the vehicle is connected in circuit with the sensor 10. The speed sensor 41 comprises a potentiometer operable so that at high speed a relatively large current output from sensors 10 and 41 is transmitted to the stepper motor 1 9 or auxiliary master cylinder 34 to provide heavy braking, whilst at low speed a relatively small current output is transmitted to provide only light braking.

Referring now to Fig. 4 there is shown a vehicle 43 of conventional form having a bonnet 44, doors 45 and boot 46, each of which has a solenoid operated lock 47. All of the locks 47 are operated by a programmable controller 48 located within the vehiele 43, for example under the bonnet 44 as shown in Fig. 4.Mounted on the side of vehicle 43 is a keyboard 49 connected with the controller 48 and the controller 48 is programmed so that the input of a predetermined selection of digits on the keyboard 49 causes unlocking of locks 47 whilst the input of any other selection of digits activates one or more of the warning devices 11, 12, 13, in particular the horn 11 and hazard warning flashing lights 1 2. Such an arrangement is preferably additional to the conventional key-operated locks so that the vehicle may be used by persons other than the owner, for example at a garage during servicing or repair, without revealing the predetermined digit selection. To facilitate such security a module, programmed by the vehicle owner himself may be inserted in the controller 48 after purchase of the vehicle so that only the vehicle owner can known the correct digit selection. By this means vehicle theft may be prevented or the risk thereof substantially reduced, possibly leading to lower insurance premiums for the vehicle owner.

The solenoid operated locks 47 are preferably of the mechanically latched type so that there is no undue loss of current to run down the vehicle's battery.

Claims (25)

1. A vehicle safety device comprising a warning device and a sensor operable to detect the movement of a driver of a vehicle from a normal driving position and to initiate operation of said warning device in response to such movement.
2. A vehicle safety device according to claim 1 wherein said warning device comprises audible warning means.
3. A vehicle safety device according to claim 1 or claim 2 wherein said warning device comprises visual warning means.
4. A vehicle safety device according to any one of claims 1 to 3 wherein said sensor is operable to interrupt the normal driving operation of a vehicle in response to such movement.
5. A vehicle safety device according to claim 4 wherein said sensor is operable to interrupt the normal driving operation of a vehicle a predetermined period after initiating operation of said warning device.
6. A vehicle safety device according to claim 5 wherein said sensor is operable to detect the return movement of a driver of a vehicle to a normal driving position and to cause cessation of operation of said warning device and non-interruption of the normal driving operation of a vehicle in response to said return movement.
7. A vehicle safety device according to any one of claims 4 to 6 comprising a plurality of sensors, each operable to detect the movement of a respective part of a driver of a vehicle from its normal driving position different from that part of said driver whose position is sensed by the or each other sensor.
8. A vehicle safety device according to claim 7 wherein operation of said warning device is effected only in response to signals from all of said sensors.
9. A vehicle safety device according to any one of claims 4 to 8 comprising switch means operable to put said sensor or sensors in an operational condition.
10. A vehicle safety device according to claim 9 when fitted to a vehicle having an ignition circuit wherein said switch means is operable on activation of said ignition circuit.
11. A vehicle safety device according to claim 9 or claim 10 when fitted to a vehicle having a hand operated brake means wherein said switch means is operable on release of said hand operated brake means.
1 2. A vehicle safety device according to any one of claims 1 to 11 comprising vehicle locking means and actuating means therefor, said actuating means being operable to actuate said vehicle locking means and to interrupt the normal driving operation of a vehicle.
1 3. A vehicle safety device according to claim 1 2 wherein said locking means comprises a plurality of solenoid operated locks.
1 4. A vehicle safety device according to claim 1 3 wherein each of said locks has a mechanical latch operable to retain said lock in a locked position after actuation of said solenoid thereof.
1 5. A vehicle safety device according to any one of claims 12 to 14 comprising an activating device operable to initiate operation of said warning device in response to opening of said vehicle whilst said locking means is actuated.
1 6. A vehicle safety device according to any one of claims 1 2 to 1 5 wherein said actuating means is operable in response to the selection predetermined plurality of digits.
1 7. A vehicle safety device according to claim 1 6 wherein said actuating means comprises a programmable device having memory means in which said predetermined plurality of digits may be stored.
1 8. A vehicle safety device according to any one of claims 4 to 1 7 when fitted to a vehicle having brake means wherein said interruption comprises activation of said brake means.
1 9. A vehicle safety device according to claim 18 comprising a vehicle speed sensor operable to detect the speed of said vehicle and to adjust the activation of said brake means in accordance with the detected speed.
20. A vehicle safety device according to any one of claims 4 to 1 9 when fitted to a vehicle having a drive transmission operable to drivingly engage drive wheels with an engine of said vehicle wherein said interruption comprises interruption of said drive transmission to disengage said drive wheels from said engine.
21. A vehicle safety device according to, claim 20 wherein said drive transmission f means includes a clutch and said interruption comprises disengagement of said clutch.
22. A vehicle safety device according to any one of claims 4 to 21 when fitted to a vehicle having an engine and a fuel supply therefor wherein said interruption comprises interruption of said fuel supply to said engine.
23. A vehicle safety device according to any one of claims 4 to 22 when fitted to a vehicle having an engine and an electrical supply therefor wherein said interruption comprises interruption of said electrical supply to said engine.
24. A vehicle safety device according to any one of claims 1 to 23 wherein said sensor is operable to transmit a pulsed signal to said warning device.
25. A vehicle safety device substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to and as illustrated in Fig. 1 or Fig. 2, Figs. 3 and 3a, or Fig. 4 of the accompanying drawings.
GB08319438A 1983-07-19 1983-07-19 Vehicle safety device Withdrawn GB2143978A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB08319438A GB2143978A (en) 1983-07-19 1983-07-19 Vehicle safety device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB08319438A GB2143978A (en) 1983-07-19 1983-07-19 Vehicle safety device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB8319438D0 GB8319438D0 (en) 1983-08-17
GB2143978A true GB2143978A (en) 1985-02-20

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2236419A (en) * 1989-09-15 1991-04-03 Gen Engineering Vehicle safety arrangement
US5101926A (en) * 1990-09-14 1992-04-07 Berman Carol W Mental incompetency safety system for operating a vehicle
WO1996022897A1 (en) * 1995-01-24 1996-08-01 Grupo G M-90, S.L. Automatic system for accident prevention in motor vehicles due to the sleep effect on the driver
WO1997046158A1 (en) * 1996-06-05 1997-12-11 Hök Instrument Ab System for controlling the attention of a vehicle driver
GB2327521A (en) * 1997-07-22 1999-01-27 Tudor Lloyd Thomas Vehicle driver alerting apparatus
EP0877992A4 (en) * 1996-01-29 2001-04-25 Progressive Casualty Insurance Motor vehicle monitoring system for determining a cost of insurance
ES2172447A1 (en) * 2000-12-11 2002-09-16 Serrano Martin Blas Gonzalez Emergency control and stopping system for motor vehicles
US6868386B1 (en) 1996-01-29 2005-03-15 Progressive Casualty Insurance Company Monitoring system for determining and communicating a cost of insurance
US7774217B1 (en) 2004-11-19 2010-08-10 Allstate Insurance Company Systems and methods for customizing automobile insurance
WO2011028083A1 (en) * 2009-09-07 2011-03-10 Salgarin Almat Kojshygara-Uly Method for increasing the safety of an automobile in motion
US8090598B2 (en) 1996-01-29 2012-01-03 Progressive Casualty Insurance Company Monitoring system for determining and communicating a cost of insurance
US8140358B1 (en) 1996-01-29 2012-03-20 Progressive Casualty Insurance Company Vehicle monitoring system
US9875508B1 (en) 2004-11-19 2018-01-23 Allstate Insurance Company Systems and methods for customizing insurance
US10282785B1 (en) 2004-11-19 2019-05-07 Allstate Insurance Company Delivery of customized insurance products and services

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0011087A1 (en) * 1978-11-02 1980-05-28 Robert Bosch Gmbh Alarm device, particularly for automotive vehicles
GB2115196A (en) * 1982-02-22 1983-09-01 Robert John Taylor Anti-theft systems
GB2119574A (en) * 1982-04-28 1983-11-16 Sentrol Systems Ltd Detection device

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0011087A1 (en) * 1978-11-02 1980-05-28 Robert Bosch Gmbh Alarm device, particularly for automotive vehicles
GB2115196A (en) * 1982-02-22 1983-09-01 Robert John Taylor Anti-theft systems
GB2119574A (en) * 1982-04-28 1983-11-16 Sentrol Systems Ltd Detection device

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2236419A (en) * 1989-09-15 1991-04-03 Gen Engineering Vehicle safety arrangement
GB2236419B (en) * 1989-09-15 1993-08-11 Gen Engineering Improvements in or relating to a safety arrangement
US5101926A (en) * 1990-09-14 1992-04-07 Berman Carol W Mental incompetency safety system for operating a vehicle
WO1996022897A1 (en) * 1995-01-24 1996-08-01 Grupo G M-90, S.L. Automatic system for accident prevention in motor vehicles due to the sleep effect on the driver
US8140358B1 (en) 1996-01-29 2012-03-20 Progressive Casualty Insurance Company Vehicle monitoring system
US8595034B2 (en) 1996-01-29 2013-11-26 Progressive Casualty Insurance Company Monitoring system for determining and communicating a cost of insurance
EP0877992A4 (en) * 1996-01-29 2001-04-25 Progressive Casualty Insurance Motor vehicle monitoring system for determining a cost of insurance
US8311858B2 (en) 1996-01-29 2012-11-13 Progressive Casualty Insurance Company Vehicle monitoring system
US6868386B1 (en) 1996-01-29 2005-03-15 Progressive Casualty Insurance Company Monitoring system for determining and communicating a cost of insurance
US9754424B2 (en) 1996-01-29 2017-09-05 Progressive Casualty Insurance Company Vehicle monitoring system
US8892451B2 (en) 1996-01-29 2014-11-18 Progressive Casualty Insurance Company Vehicle monitoring system
US8090598B2 (en) 1996-01-29 2012-01-03 Progressive Casualty Insurance Company Monitoring system for determining and communicating a cost of insurance
WO1997046158A1 (en) * 1996-06-05 1997-12-11 Hök Instrument Ab System for controlling the attention of a vehicle driver
GB2327521A (en) * 1997-07-22 1999-01-27 Tudor Lloyd Thomas Vehicle driver alerting apparatus
ES2172447A1 (en) * 2000-12-11 2002-09-16 Serrano Martin Blas Gonzalez Emergency control and stopping system for motor vehicles
US8046246B1 (en) 2004-11-19 2011-10-25 Allstate Insurance Company Processing an application for insurance coverage
US8219426B1 (en) 2004-11-19 2012-07-10 Allstate Insurance Company Processing an application for insurance coverage
US8219427B1 (en) 2004-11-19 2012-07-10 Allstate Insurance Company Processing an application for insurance coverage
US8046244B1 (en) 2004-11-19 2011-10-25 Allstate Insurance Company Systems and methods for customizing insurance
US9875508B1 (en) 2004-11-19 2018-01-23 Allstate Insurance Company Systems and methods for customizing insurance
US7774217B1 (en) 2004-11-19 2010-08-10 Allstate Insurance Company Systems and methods for customizing automobile insurance
US10282785B1 (en) 2004-11-19 2019-05-07 Allstate Insurance Company Delivery of customized insurance products and services
WO2011028083A1 (en) * 2009-09-07 2011-03-10 Salgarin Almat Kojshygara-Uly Method for increasing the safety of an automobile in motion

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