GB2123785A - Machine for packing articles in trays - Google Patents

Machine for packing articles in trays Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2123785A
GB2123785A GB08314550A GB8314550A GB2123785A GB 2123785 A GB2123785 A GB 2123785A GB 08314550 A GB08314550 A GB 08314550A GB 8314550 A GB8314550 A GB 8314550A GB 2123785 A GB2123785 A GB 2123785A
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GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
articles
machine
tray
platform
trays
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB08314550A
Other versions
GB8314550D0 (en
Inventor
Arthur John Freemantle
Original Assignee
Freemantle A J
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB8215435 priority Critical
Application filed by Freemantle A J filed Critical Freemantle A J
Priority to GB08314550A priority patent/GB2123785A/en
Publication of GB8314550D0 publication Critical patent/GB8314550D0/en
Publication of GB2123785A publication Critical patent/GB2123785A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B5/00Packaging individual articles in containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, jars
    • B65B5/06Packaging groups of articles, the groups being treated as single articles
    • B65B5/068Packaging groups of articles, the groups being treated as single articles in trays

Abstract

Articles, such as lightweight plastics containers (1), are packed into shallow trays (15) by assembling the articles on a horizontal slatted collection platform (2). When the articles have been assembled, the platform is displaced rapidly by operation of an actuator to cause the articles to be stripped therefrom and to drop into a tray (15) which has been elevated to a position directly beneath the platform by a pneumatically operated elevator (10) which is subsequently lowered to deposit the loaded tray on a continuously moving conveyor (12). The articles (1) are held in the loaded tray by a vertical pusher element (20) which descends with the loaded tray. <IMAGE>

Description

SPECIFICATION Machine for packing articles in trays This invention relates to a machine for packing articles into trays.
Packing machines are known in which articles for packing in trays are assembled on a horizontal platform or conveyor from which they are subsequently released to drop under gravity into a horizontal tray. A practical difficulty associated with such machines is that the articles to be packed can become dislodged during the drop from the assembly platform or conveyor into the tray, particularly if the articles are of substantial bulk. This in turn can impede the efficiency of the speed of operation of the machine.
An object of the present invention is to provide a packing machine which is efficient and positive in operation, ailowing bulky articles of light weight, for example, empty plastic containers, to be loaded positively into trays.
According to the present invention there is provided a machine for packing articles into trays comprising elevating means for lifting a tray to a loading position below a horizontal article collection platform means for displacing the article collection platform horizontally to allow the articles to fall into the tray at the loading position, and a conveyor onto which the loaded tray is deposited by subsequent descent of the elevating means from the loading position.
By elevating each empty tray to a loading position it can be arranged that the articles collected on the platform have to drop through only a short distance to be loaded into the tray, thereby minimising the risk of disturbance or displacement of the articles during their displacement from the platform into the tray. To further assist the positive loading of the articles into the trays, a powdered pusher element is preferably provided for pushing the collected articles downwardly into the tray at the loading position when the collection platform has been displaced horizontally to release the articles.
The article collection platform preferably comprises an assembly of support slats forming a conveyor which passes around pulleys or guide rollers, the conveyor being movable to effect horizontal displacement of the collection platform in its own plane. The displacement of the article collection platform may be effected by a convenient means. In a preferred embodiment the support slats forming the article collection platform are interconnected by belts, chains or cables passing around guide pulleys.
Displacement of the platform may be effected by a linear actuator, preferably a pneumatic actuator, connected to one of the belts, chains or cables, or to one of the guide pulleys.
The conveyor for receiving the loaded trays is preferably a continuously moving conveyor which, as well as receiving the loaded trays from the elevating means, also delivers empty trays in succession to the elevating means. Empty trays for supply singly in succession elevating means may be stacked vertically in a magazine from which the trays are released one at a time to fall vertically onto the conveyor which conveys each empty tray - to a position vertically below the loading position, at which the tray encounters a stop valve which triggers the operation of the elevating means to lift the tray vertically to the loading position.
In order to ensure separation of the trays in the magazine one or more brush elements may be provided on one or more sides of the magazine to make contact with the edges of the trays as the latter descend in the magazine. Release of the lowermost tray from the magazine onto the continuously moving conveyor may be effected by a retractable stop or stops at the bottom of the magazine, operation of which to release the lowermost tray being initiated when a full complement of articles has been assembled on the collection platform.Thus in one embodiment of the invention the articles may be displaced in successive rows onto the article collection platform, in a horizontal direction transverse to the direction of displacement of the platform, the first row of articles loaded onto the platform engaging a trip element to initiate a tray-loading sequence when a full complement of articles has been assembled on the collection platform.
The invention will be further described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying purely diagrammatic drawings, in which: Figure 1 is a side elevation and partly sectional view of a packing machine according to one embodiment of the invention, and Figure 2 is an end view of a machine shown in Figure 1, taken in the direction of arrow Il in Figure 1.
The illustrated machine is intended for the packing of bulky lightweight articles, in this case plastics containers 1 into shallow trays for storage and transportation. The machine includes a horizontal article collection platform 2 which consists of an assembly of flat support slats 3 supported at opposite longitudinal ends by a pair of endless chains or cables 4 passing around fixed pulleys 5, so that upon displacement of the cable 4,the slats 2 can pass around the pulleys in the manner of a roller blind, as illustrated diagrammatically in Figure 1.
One of the pulleys 5 is drivingly connected to or formed integrally with a drive sprocket 6 engaged by an endless chain 7. One of the links of the chain 7 supports a drive member 8 which is coupled to the piston rod of a double acting pneumatic actuator 9. The actuator 9 is so arranged that when it makes a complete stroke the drive member is displaced over a linear part of the endless chain 7, and imparts rotation to the pulley 5 coupled to the sprocket wheel 6. Since the pulley 5 has a larger diameter than the sprocket wheel 6 in the illustrated embodiment, the displacement imparted to the cables 4 is greater than the displacement of the drive member 8, so that a magnification effect occurs, sufficient to cause the slats 3 forming the collection platform 2 to move around one of the pulleys 5.At one stroke limit position of the actuator 9 the slats form a horizontal platform 2 at the upper end of the machine, as illustrated in Figure 1 , while at the other stroke limit position of the actuator 9 the slats 3 lie in a substantially vertical plane on one side of the machine, as illustrated by the broken line in Figure 1.
A vertically movable elevator 10 is arranged directly below the horizontal article collection platform 2. The elevator 10 comprises a fiat support plate which is movable vertically by a pneumatic actuator 11 between a retracted position shown in full lines in Figure 1, and an extended position, shown in broken outline, in which the elevator plate is approximately 3 inches below the level of the horizontal article collection platform 2.
A continuously moving conveyor comprising two parallel endless V-belts 12 driven around respective vertical pulleys 1 3 is arranged so that the upper conveying surface of the conveyor belts 12 is slightly higher than the surface of the elevator plate 10 when the latter is in its lowered or retracted position, shown in Figure 1.
A magazine 14 for empty trays 15 to be filled with articles is arranged above the continuously moving conveyor belts 12, but spaced horizontally from the elevator 10, as shown in Figure 2, the magazine 14 being lower than the article collection platform 2. The magazine 14 includes two pairs of pneumatic actuators 16, 17 arranged on opposite sides of the magazine, one pair 16, being higher than the other pair 17, the actuators of each pair acting in unison with each other by connection to a common air line. The actuators 1 6, 17 are double acting, the upper pair of actuators being always in the opposite stroke limit position to the lower pair of actuators. Thus when the upper actuators 1 6 are extended the lower actuators 17 are retraced and vice versa.The arrangement, and the vertical spacing of the two pairs of actuators 1 6, 17, are such that the lowermost tray 1 5 of a stack of trays in the magazine 14 is supported on the upper actuators 1 6 while a tray 1 5 is deposited upon the conveyor belts 12 by retraction of the lower actuators 17.
Successive operation of the actuators 16, 1 7 in alternation will result in the depositing of single trays 1 5 in succession on the continuously moving conveyor belts 12 from the magazine 14.
To ensure that the stacked trays 15, which would normally be nested within one another, are separated from each other as they descend through the magazine 14, the vertical guides of the magazine 14 on the shorter sides thereof are equipped with vertically extending brush elements 1 8 which make contact with and exert a frictional force on the shorter sides of the stacked trays 1 5 as the latter descend through the magazine.
Associated with the vertically movable elevator plate 10 is a pneumatic trip valve 1 9 (Figure 2) at the end of the elevator plate remote from the magazine 14. The trip valve 1 9 is arranged to be engaged by a tray 1 5 as it passes over the elevator plate 10 on the conveyor belt 12, tripping of the valve 1 9 causing extension of the actuator 11 to effect rapid lifting of the elevator plate 10, raising the tray 1 5 from the conveyor belt 12 to a loading position, shown in broken outline in Figure 1, a short distance below the horizontal article collection platform 2.A further trip valve (not shown) is operated when the tray 1 5 reaches the loading position to cause operation of the actuator 9 in a sense to displace the slatted collection platform 2 in the direction of the arrow A into its vertical position, shown in broken outline in Figure 1. Horizontal movement of the articles 1 is prevented by a fixed stop 2A at one end of the platform 2. The rapid removal of the platform 2 causes the collected articles 1 to drop into the elevator tray 1 5.
To assist in the positive location of the collected articles 1 in the tray 1 5 a pneumatically actuated vertically movable pusher element 20 is arranged above the article collection platform 2 and is controlled by a pneumatic circuit so that it is actuated to descend and push the articles 1 downwards immediately after the article collection platform 2 has been retracted by the actuator 9. The pusher element 20 may have a vertical stroke such that it follows the entire descent of the loaded tray 1 5 as the platform 2 descends.
The assembly of articles 1 on the collection platform 3 is effected by any convenient collating means. For example, the articles 1 may be fed to the machine singly at a time on a moving conveyor 21 from which the articles are displaced in rows by a horizontal pusher actuator 12 (Figure 2) which displaces each successive row of articles 1 onto the platform 2. When the platform 2 is full, that is, when the first row of articles 1 pushed onto the platform 2 has reached the opposite end of the platform 2 from the pusher actuator 22, a pneumatic valve 23 incorporated in a lateral stop 24 may be actuated by the articles themselves to initiate the packing sequence described above.
Once the assembled articles 1 have been pushed into the elevated tray 1 5 the latter is allowed to descend by retraction of the actuator 11, if necessary accompanied by extension of the actuator of the pusher 20, until the loaded tray 1 5 rests on the continuously moving conveyor belts 12, which will then automatically convey the loaded tray to a delivery or collection station or a wrapping machine.

Claims (10)

1. A machine for packing articles into trays comprising elevating means for lifting a tray to a loading position below a horizontal article collection platform, means for displacing the article collection platform horizontally to allow the articles to fall into the tray at the loading position, and a conveyor onto which the loaded tray is deposited by subsequent descent of the elevating means from the loading position.
2. A machine according to Claim 1, in which the article collection platform comprises an assembly of support slats forming a conveyor which passes around pulleys or guide rollers the conveyor being movable to effect horizontal displacement of the collection platform.
3. A machine according to Claim 1 or Claim 2, including a powered pusher element for pushing the collected articles downwardly into the tray at the loading position when the collecting platform has been displaced horizontally to release the articles.
4. A machine according to any one of Claims 1 to 3, in which the conveyor is a continuously moving conveyor which, as well as receiving the loaded trays from the elevator means, also delivers empty trays in succession to the elevating means.
5. A machine according to Claim 2, in which the support slats forming the article collection platform are interconnected by belts, chains or cables passing around guide pulleys, displacement of the platform being effected by a linear actuator connected to one of the belts, chains or cables, or to one of the guide pulleys.
6. A machine according to any one of the preceding claims including a magazine in which empty trays may be stacked vertically, and means for releasing trays one at a time from the magazine to fall onto the conveyor which conveys the empty tray to a position below the loading position.
7. A machine according to Claim 6, in which one or more brush elements are provided on one or more sides of the magazine to make contact with the stacked trays as the latter descend in the magazine, to ensure separation of the trays.
8. A machine according to Claim 6 or Claim 7, in which a retractable stop or stops at the bottom of the magazine controls the release of the lowermost tray from the magazine onto the conveyor, retraction of the stop or stops to release a tray being initiated by means responsive to the assembly of a full complement of articles on the collection platform.
9. A machine according to any one of the preceding claims, in which the articles are displaced in successive rows onto the article collection platform, in a horizontal direction transverse the direction of displacement of the platform, the first row of articles loaded onto the platform engaging a trip element to initiate a trayloading sequence when a full complement of articles has been assembled on the collection platform.
10. A machine for packing articles into trays substantially as herein described with reference to and as shown in the accompanying drawings.
GB08314550A 1982-05-26 1983-05-26 Machine for packing articles in trays Withdrawn GB2123785A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB8215435 1982-05-26
GB08314550A GB2123785A (en) 1982-05-26 1983-05-26 Machine for packing articles in trays

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB08314550A GB2123785A (en) 1982-05-26 1983-05-26 Machine for packing articles in trays

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB8314550D0 GB8314550D0 (en) 1983-06-29
GB2123785A true GB2123785A (en) 1984-02-08

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB08314550A Withdrawn GB2123785A (en) 1982-05-26 1983-05-26 Machine for packing articles in trays

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (1) GB2123785A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0295872A2 (en) * 1987-06-15 1988-12-21 ADVANCED PULVER SYSTEMS Inc. System for loading patterns of articles into containers

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB829795A (en) * 1956-05-14 1960-03-09 Clarence Henry Stevenson O Apparatus for handling cases
GB881283A (en) * 1958-04-18 1961-11-01 William Noel Bolt Improvements in pallet loading mechanisms
GB993352A (en) * 1960-07-08 1965-05-26 Fmc Corp Article handling machine, particularly for loading articles on a pallet
GB1068718A (en) * 1965-04-09 1967-05-10 Douglas Rownson Ltd Improvements relating to pallet loading apparatus
GB1316133A (en) * 1969-10-14 1973-05-09 Unilever Ltd Method and apparatus for loading containers with articles
GB1404426A (en) * 1972-08-29 1975-08-28 Leenards A J Palletising apparatus
GB1472664A (en) * 1974-07-19 1977-05-04 Okura Yusoki Co Ltd Apparatus for loading goods on a pallet
GB2051722A (en) * 1979-06-15 1981-01-21 Staalkat Bv Apparatus for stacking trays or boxes filled with articles, such as eggs
EP0042199A1 (en) * 1980-06-13 1981-12-23 Henricus Antonius Jacobus Maria Derckx Packing machine
GB2079710A (en) * 1980-07-07 1982-01-27 Simplimatic Eng Co Case packer

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB829795A (en) * 1956-05-14 1960-03-09 Clarence Henry Stevenson O Apparatus for handling cases
GB881283A (en) * 1958-04-18 1961-11-01 William Noel Bolt Improvements in pallet loading mechanisms
GB993352A (en) * 1960-07-08 1965-05-26 Fmc Corp Article handling machine, particularly for loading articles on a pallet
GB1068718A (en) * 1965-04-09 1967-05-10 Douglas Rownson Ltd Improvements relating to pallet loading apparatus
GB1316133A (en) * 1969-10-14 1973-05-09 Unilever Ltd Method and apparatus for loading containers with articles
GB1404426A (en) * 1972-08-29 1975-08-28 Leenards A J Palletising apparatus
GB1472664A (en) * 1974-07-19 1977-05-04 Okura Yusoki Co Ltd Apparatus for loading goods on a pallet
GB2051722A (en) * 1979-06-15 1981-01-21 Staalkat Bv Apparatus for stacking trays or boxes filled with articles, such as eggs
EP0042199A1 (en) * 1980-06-13 1981-12-23 Henricus Antonius Jacobus Maria Derckx Packing machine
GB2079710A (en) * 1980-07-07 1982-01-27 Simplimatic Eng Co Case packer

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0295872A2 (en) * 1987-06-15 1988-12-21 ADVANCED PULVER SYSTEMS Inc. System for loading patterns of articles into containers
EP0295872A3 (en) * 1987-06-15 1989-03-15 Advanced Pulver Systems Inc. System for loading patterns of articles into containers

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB8314550D0 (en) 1983-06-29

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WAP Application withdrawn, taken to be withdrawn or refused ** after publication under section 16(1)