GB2094443A - Improvements in or relating to fluid flow control valves - Google Patents

Improvements in or relating to fluid flow control valves Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2094443A
GB2094443A GB8203570A GB8203570A GB2094443A GB 2094443 A GB2094443 A GB 2094443A GB 8203570 A GB8203570 A GB 8203570A GB 8203570 A GB8203570 A GB 8203570A GB 2094443 A GB2094443 A GB 2094443A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
tube
sleeve
control valve
valve
housing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB8203570A
Other versions
GB2094443B (en
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Black and Decker Corp
Original Assignee
Black and Decker Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB8104284 priority Critical
Application filed by Black and Decker Corp filed Critical Black and Decker Corp
Priority to GB8203570A priority patent/GB2094443B/en
Publication of GB2094443A publication Critical patent/GB2094443A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of GB2094443B publication Critical patent/GB2094443B/en
Application status is Expired legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K15/00Check valves
    • F16K15/14Check valves with flexible valve members
    • F16K15/144Check valves with flexible valve members the closure elements being fixed along all or a part of their periphery
    • F16K15/147Check valves with flexible valve members the closure elements being fixed along all or a part of their periphery the closure elements having specially formed slits or being of an elongated easily collapsible form
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K15/00Check valves
    • F16K15/18Check valves with actuating mechanism; Combined check valves and actuated valves
    • F16K15/185Check valves with actuating mechanism; Combined check valves and actuated valves for check valves with flexible valve members

Abstract

A duck bill check valve is openable by the application of radial pressure to the walls of the tube (1) parallel to the slit (6) to permit fluid flow in the reverse flow direction. Various methods of location of the correct spots for the application of pressure and for the actuation are disclosed. <IMAGE>

Description

SPECIFICATION Improvements in or relating to fluid flow control valves This invention relates to fluid flow control valves and has particular but not exclusive reference to the flow control of gases and liquids in which back pressure develops when the flow control valve is closed.

According to the present invention a fluid flow control valve comprises a resilient tube and a nonreturn valve mounted within the tube and in which the arrangement is such that an external pressure applied to the tube in the vicinity of the valve distorts the tube and actuates the valve to an open position to permit fluid flow.

In one embodiment the flexible tube has internal flexible flaps arranged to form a "duck bill" non-return valve and in this case opening pressure is applied radially to the tube in a direction parallel to the free ends of the flaps and slightly downstream of the free ends.

To identify the correct point of application of the pressure, the outer surface of the tube may be marked appropriately or be formed with a small excrescence.

Alternatively, the tube may be mounted in a housing which also accommodates an arrangement for applying pressure to the tube at the correct point and in the required direction.

In one embodiment of the invention, the flexible tube is located within a rigid sleeve apertured to permit the application of said force to the tube.

Preferably, the flexible tube is formed or provided with locating means which ensure correct orientation of the tube when positioned in the sleeve.

The means for applying the force may comprise a button contoured to engage and be retained in position by a locating pocket formed externally on the sleeve.

The sleeve and flexible tube may be mounted in a housing which forms a handle by which the assembly is held by a user, the housing being apertured to provide access to the aperture in the sleeve. The housing may also have locating surfaces for ensuring the correct orientation of the sleeve within the housing.

By way of example, an embodiment of the invention will now be described in greater detail with reference to the accompanying drawings of which: Fig. 1 is an end eievation of a component, Fig. 2 is a section on the line Il-Il of Fig. 1, Fig. 3 is a section on the line Il-Il of Fig. 2, Fig. 4 is an end view of the component of Fig. 1 mounted in a sleeve support, Fig. 5 is a section on the line V-V of Fig. 4, Fig. 6 is a section of a flow control valve assembly, Fig. 7 is a scrap view of a detail of the assembly of Fig. 6, and, Fig. 8 is an underneath view of a component of the assembly of Fig. 6.

Figs. 1-3 show the flow control valve itself. A generally tubular one-piece component includes a tubular body 1 flanged at one end as at 2 and at the other with a larger flange 3 and formed internally with inclined flaps 4, 5. The flaps 4, 5 are integral with the body 1 being joined thereto at the roots and along the sides of the flaps. The ends of the flaps are separable along the line 6.

Together, the flaps 4, 5 constitute the well-known "duck-bill" type non-return valve.

The body 1 also has an external key 7 formed as an extension of the flange 2 and positioned to identify the circumferential location of the line 6, the end face 7a being radially in line with the line 6.

Conveniently, the valve is moulded from rubber although other resilient materials inert with respect to the liquid or gas whose flow is to be controlled may be used.

As shown in Figs. 1-3, the free edges of the flaps are normally in contact, fluid pressure in the direction of arrow A in Fig. 3 tending to hold the edges together and the valve closed whilst fluid pressure in the direction of arrow B in Fig. 3 opens the edges to permit flow.

When used as a flow control valve, the body 1 is inserted in a fluid flow line, leakage at the ends of the body being prevented by the flanges 2, 3 as will be described in more detail below.

Alternatively, the flanges may be omitted and fluid flow conduits inserted in both ends of the body 1 as indicated in Fig. 3.

By applying pressure to the body 1 in a radial direction parallel to the junction line 6 and slightly downstream of the latter (with respect to fluid flow in the direction of arrow A) the free ends of the flaps 4, 5 can be parted so permitting fluid flow in the direction of arrow A. On release of the pressure, the free edges move into contact so stopping fluid flow, this action being assisted by the fluid pressure acting in the direction of arrow A.

To part the edges and so open the valve, the external pressure must be applied at the correct location and this may be indicated on the external surface of the body 1 by, for example, a suitably shaped excrescence.

In one embodiment of the invention, the valve is mounted in a sleeve 8 shown in Figs. 4 and 5.

The sleeve is also of tubular form, the body 1 of the valve being a relatively close fit in the sleeve 8 the bore of which is enlarged at one end as at 9.

The enlarged portion 9 has a longitudinal keyway 10 in which key 7 on the valve locates. The keyway 10 extends axially of the sleeve 8 beyond the enlarged portion 9 to provide a pocket 11 whose function will be described below. The outer wall of the keyway 10 is cutaway as at 12 whilst the wall of the sleeve is itself cutaway at 1 3.

As can be seen from Fig. 5, the overall length of the sleeve 8 is such that it locates between the fianges 2 and 3 at the ends of the body 1 of the valve and is thereby retained in position on the body 1.

The sleeve 8 is moulded from a plastics material and is comparatively rigid.

Fig. 6 is a section of a housing of generally cylindrical form with the assembly shown in Figs.

4 and 5 mounted in a through bore located along the longitudinal axis of the housing.

The housing is in two parts 14, 1 5 screwed together by means of co-operating screw threads 16.

Part 14 has an internal chamber 1 7 sized to accommodate the assembly shown in Figs. 1 and 5 and having an outlet tube 1 8 leading from chamber 1 7. The end of the outlet tube 1 8 is fitted with a rounded nozzle 18a. Surrounding the outlet tube 18 is a tubular extension 19 of the part 14, the extension forming, with the outlet tube 1 8, a coupling by means of which the housing can be attached to another component.

The wall of the part 14 is apertured at 20 about midway of the axial length of the chamber 17, the aperture being of rectangular form when viewed in the direction of arrow C and shown in Fig. 7. The longer sides 20a of the rectangle lying at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the housing. That side of the rectangle closer to the outlet tube 1 8 has a small rectangular recess 20b in it.

The chamber 1 7 is extended, in the vicinity of aperture 20, to accommodate the keyway 10 on the sleeve 8. In that way, the sleeve 8 and hence the valve is correctly orientated within the part 14 of the housing.

The aperture 20 is bounded by a continuous wall 21 which, when viewed in the direction of arrow C forms a square each side of which is parallel to one side of the rectangular aperture 20.

Positioned inside wall 21 is the square head 22 of a control button whose stem 23, of rectangular transverse cross section, terminates in a circular bearing extension 24 positioned at one end of the stem 23 as can be seen from Figs. 6 and 8. The upper surface of the head 22 of the control button is curved to conform to the tubular shape of the part 14 and the upper surface of the transverse parts of the wall 21 are similarly curved.

When assembled as shown in Fig. 6, the extension 24 locates in the pocket 11 referred to above and this retains the control button in position. Additionally, the small rectangular recess 20b keys the button in its correct orientation.

Located between the mating ends of the parts 14, 15 is the flanged end 25 of a tubular coupler 26 located in an inlet 27 of part 15, the wall of the coupler being spaced somewhat from the surface of the inlet 27 to permit the end of an inlet tube 28 to be connected to the coupler 26 as shown.

The tube 28 passes through part 1 5 which, as can be seen from Fig. 6 is mainly in the form of a tube.

When the parts 14 and 1 5 are screwed together the flanges 2 and 3 are compressed between the end surfaces of the rigid sleeve 8 and the adjacent end of part 14 via the flanged end 25 of coupler 26 the adjacent end of part 1 5. In that way, leakage of fluid is prevented. If necessary, to increase the fluid-tightness, stress rings or similar surfaces may be formed on the end face of the flanges.

The extension 24 is so positioned relatively to the flaps 4, 5 that when the control button is depressed, a radially inwardly acting force is applied parallel to line 6 but spaced slightly therefrom towards the roots of the flaps. That force distorts the ends of the flaps remote from the roots and causes these ends to separate.

The valve is used to control flow of fluid in the direction of arrow D, Fig. 6, the pressure of such fluid acting on the inclined flaps 4, 5 to keep the ends thereof lying on line 6 closed so preventing flow from inlet 27 to outlet tube 1 8.

When the control button 22 is depressed the ends of the flaps open and fluid flow from inlet 27 to outlet 1 8 can take place. As soon as the button is released, fluid pressure in the inlet 27 acts to close the flap ends and the inherent resiliency of the flaps 4, 5 and tube 1 restores the control button to the position shown in Fig. 6.

It may be found desirable, under some conditions of use, to provide pressure points or areas that act on the flaps 4, 5 in such manner as to urge the free ends together more firmly. Such pressure points or areas may be provided by an external thickening of the wall of the tubular body 1 in the vicinity of the flaps 4, 5 but over areas diametrically opposed to one another and lying on each side of the line 6. Such thickened parts are shown in Fig. 3 by the dotted line 29.

When the flow control valve is inserted into the sleeve 8 inwardly-directed forces are created which act on the flaps 4, 5 to close them more firmiy.

It will be appreciated that a similar result could be achieved by forming inwardly-extending projections on the inner surface of the sleeve 8 itself.

The housing shown in Fig. 6 is suitable for use with a pressurised paint supply system that feeds paint from a container (not shown) via tube 28 to an appiicator (also not shown) that is connected to outlet 18 of part 14 of the housing.

It will be appreciated from the foregoing description that paint flows to the applicator only when the control button 22 is depressed and that otherwise the paint pressure in tube 28 keeps the ends of the flaps 4, 5 tightly closed so preventing leakage.

It will also be appreciated that the relatively simple structure of the valve formed byflaps 4,5 facilitates cleaning after use. If water soluble paints are used, paint remaining in the control valve assembly can readily be flushed out merely by connecting outlet tube 1 8 to a water tap, the water pressure forcing apart the ends of the flaps to allow water to flow freely from outlet tube 1 8 to inlet 27 and along the pipe 28 without the need to operate the button 22.

The flow control valve can be used to control the flow of fluids other than paints. It could, for example, be used to control the flow of air from a hydraulic brake system during a so-called "bleeding" operation.

It will also be understood that other means than the control button described above of applying opening pressure to the ends of the flaps may be used. The means must, of course, allow the application of sufficient pressure to open the flap ends against the closing pressure they may experience from fluid acting on them. Additionally, the flaps must be sufficiently rigid to allow them to open against such fluid pressure. If the flaps are insufficiently rigid, opening pressure tends to distort the entire valve without opening the flap ends.

Claims (10)

1. A fluid flow control valve comprising a resilient tube and a non-return valve mounted within the tube and operable to an open position by an external pressure applied to the tube in the vicinity of the valve to distort the tube and thereby open the valve.
2. A control valve as claimed in claim 1 in which the non-return valve is a duck-bill valve.
3. A control valve as claimed in claim 2 and in which the resilient tube is located within a rigid sleeve apertured to permit the application to the tube of the external pressure.
4. A control valve as claimed in claim 3 in which the tube has locating means, mating locating means being provided on the sleeve for co-operation with the locating means on the tube to orientate the tube within the sleeve.
5. A control valve as claimed in claim 4 in which the sleeve is formed with means for receiving and locating an operating member for applying pressure to the tube.
6. A control valve as claimed in claim 4 in which the sleeve has a pocket adapted to receive a stem portion of the operating member and to locate that portion in a position in which pressure applied to the tube by the member opens the valve.
7. A control valve as claimed in any one of claims 3-6 in which the resilient tube has flanges at each end for retaining the sleeve in axial position between the flanges.
8. A control valve as claimed in claims 6 and 7 and further comprising a housing with a through bore adapted to accommodate the sleeve, the housing having an aperture positioned adjacent to the pocket in the sleeve, the operating member extending through the aperture.
9. A control valve as claimed in claim 8 in which the flange at one end of the tube is adapted to seal against a mating face in the housing, and in which the housing is of two part construction, the flange at the other end of the tube forming a seal between the two parts of the housing.
10. A control valve as claimed in claim 9 in which the aperture in the housing has a recess to enabie the stem of the operating member to be orientated in a position permitting the stem to engage the pocket in the sleeve.
GB8203570A 1981-02-11 1982-02-08 Improvements in or relating to fluid flow control valves Expired GB2094443B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB8104284 1981-02-11
GB8203570A GB2094443B (en) 1981-02-11 1982-02-08 Improvements in or relating to fluid flow control valves

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB8203570A GB2094443B (en) 1981-02-11 1982-02-08 Improvements in or relating to fluid flow control valves

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB2094443A true GB2094443A (en) 1982-09-15
GB2094443B GB2094443B (en) 1984-12-19

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB8203570A Expired GB2094443B (en) 1981-02-11 1982-02-08 Improvements in or relating to fluid flow control valves

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GB (1) GB2094443B (en)

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0168156A1 (en) * 1984-06-04 1986-01-15 Vernay Laboratories,Inc. Valve assembly
US4742593A (en) * 1985-09-12 1988-05-10 Coxwold (Proprietary) Ltd. Valve member for water interruption pool cleaner
US4780063A (en) * 1987-10-09 1988-10-25 Walbro Corporation Vehicle fuel pump having a noise-reduction jacket
US4795320A (en) * 1987-05-14 1989-01-03 Walbro Corporation Quick disconnect pulse modulation sleeve
US4810123A (en) * 1987-05-13 1989-03-07 Power Flo Products Corp. Fountain applicator handle with specific check valve
US4946448A (en) * 1989-10-23 1990-08-07 Kendall Mcgaw Laboratories, Inc. Check valve for use with intravenous pump
US5010925A (en) * 1990-04-09 1991-04-30 Vernay Laboratories, Inc. Normally closed duckbill valve assembly
US5066393A (en) * 1989-08-28 1991-11-19 Culligan International Company Slotted flow collector/distributor for water treatment tank with one-way valves
GB2247327A (en) * 1988-02-04 1992-02-26 Euro Iseki Ltd Liquid level control system
US5261459A (en) * 1992-12-07 1993-11-16 Vernay Laboratories, Inc. Miniature duckbill valve having a low cracking pressure and high flow rate
GB2279130A (en) * 1993-06-03 1994-12-21 Duckhouse Geoffrey Charles Valve for delivering fluids
US6024729A (en) * 1998-03-10 2000-02-15 Vernay Laboratories, Inc. Hemostasis valve assembly including guide wire seal
EP1089029A2 (en) * 1999-09-28 2001-04-04 Tokai Rubber Industries, Ltd. Coupling sleeve for connecting a metal pipe and a resin hose
WO2003053271A2 (en) 2001-12-20 2003-07-03 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Control valve
WO2004083697A1 (en) * 2003-03-17 2004-09-30 Global Valve Technology Pty Ltd A sports ball valve
GB2404965A (en) * 2003-08-13 2005-02-16 Haldex Brake Products Ltd Flow control device and valve assembly
US7028981B2 (en) 1999-06-15 2006-04-18 Ip.One Pty Ltd Non-return valve
US8033486B2 (en) * 2005-12-16 2011-10-11 Emerson Electric Co. Waste line connector assembly
US8083237B2 (en) 2006-06-14 2011-12-27 Freudenberg-Nok General Partnership Tube seal components
US9266139B2 (en) 2012-07-10 2016-02-23 Diversified Dynamics Corp. Paint/stain stick pad with roller/pad applicator

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0168156A1 (en) * 1984-06-04 1986-01-15 Vernay Laboratories,Inc. Valve assembly
US4742593A (en) * 1985-09-12 1988-05-10 Coxwold (Proprietary) Ltd. Valve member for water interruption pool cleaner
US4810123A (en) * 1987-05-13 1989-03-07 Power Flo Products Corp. Fountain applicator handle with specific check valve
US4795320A (en) * 1987-05-14 1989-01-03 Walbro Corporation Quick disconnect pulse modulation sleeve
US4780063A (en) * 1987-10-09 1988-10-25 Walbro Corporation Vehicle fuel pump having a noise-reduction jacket
GB2247327A (en) * 1988-02-04 1992-02-26 Euro Iseki Ltd Liquid level control system
GB2247327B (en) * 1988-02-04 1992-09-30 Euro Iseki Ltd Valve control system
US5066393A (en) * 1989-08-28 1991-11-19 Culligan International Company Slotted flow collector/distributor for water treatment tank with one-way valves
US4946448A (en) * 1989-10-23 1990-08-07 Kendall Mcgaw Laboratories, Inc. Check valve for use with intravenous pump
US5010925A (en) * 1990-04-09 1991-04-30 Vernay Laboratories, Inc. Normally closed duckbill valve assembly
EP0452045A1 (en) * 1990-04-09 1991-10-16 Vernay Laboratories, Inc. Normally closed duckbill valve assembly
AU644629B2 (en) * 1990-04-09 1993-12-16 Vernay Laboratories, Inc. Normally closed duckbill valve assembly
US5261459A (en) * 1992-12-07 1993-11-16 Vernay Laboratories, Inc. Miniature duckbill valve having a low cracking pressure and high flow rate
WO1994013987A1 (en) * 1992-12-07 1994-06-23 Vernay Laboratories, Inc. Miniature duckbill valve
GB2279130A (en) * 1993-06-03 1994-12-21 Duckhouse Geoffrey Charles Valve for delivering fluids
US6024729A (en) * 1998-03-10 2000-02-15 Vernay Laboratories, Inc. Hemostasis valve assembly including guide wire seal
US7028981B2 (en) 1999-06-15 2006-04-18 Ip.One Pty Ltd Non-return valve
EP1089029A2 (en) * 1999-09-28 2001-04-04 Tokai Rubber Industries, Ltd. Coupling sleeve for connecting a metal pipe and a resin hose
EP1089029A3 (en) * 1999-09-28 2003-05-28 Tokai Rubber Industries, Ltd. Coupling sleeve for connecting a metal pipe and a resin hose
WO2003053271A2 (en) 2001-12-20 2003-07-03 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Control valve
WO2004083697A1 (en) * 2003-03-17 2004-09-30 Global Valve Technology Pty Ltd A sports ball valve
GB2404965A (en) * 2003-08-13 2005-02-16 Haldex Brake Products Ltd Flow control device and valve assembly
GB2404965B (en) * 2003-08-13 2007-05-09 Haldex Brake Products Ltd Valve assembly
US8033486B2 (en) * 2005-12-16 2011-10-11 Emerson Electric Co. Waste line connector assembly
US8083237B2 (en) 2006-06-14 2011-12-27 Freudenberg-Nok General Partnership Tube seal components
US8695988B2 (en) 2006-06-14 2014-04-15 Freudenberg-Nok General Partnership Tube seal components
US9266139B2 (en) 2012-07-10 2016-02-23 Diversified Dynamics Corp. Paint/stain stick pad with roller/pad applicator

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PCNP Patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 19970208