GB2082932A - Pleated filter element with integral shield - Google Patents

Pleated filter element with integral shield Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2082932A
GB2082932A GB8124606A GB8124606A GB2082932A GB 2082932 A GB2082932 A GB 2082932A GB 8124606 A GB8124606 A GB 8124606A GB 8124606 A GB8124606 A GB 8124606A GB 2082932 A GB2082932 A GB 2082932A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
shield
folds
sheet
plastic
filter element
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB8124606A
Other versions
GB2082932B (en
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fram Corp
Original Assignee
Fram Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US18290980A priority Critical
Application filed by Fram Corp filed Critical Fram Corp
Publication of GB2082932A publication Critical patent/GB2082932A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of GB2082932B publication Critical patent/GB2082932B/en
Application status is Expired legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/52Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filters embodying folded corrugated or wound sheet material
    • B01D46/521Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filters embodying folded corrugated or wound sheet material using folded, pleated material
    • B01D46/523Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filters embodying folded corrugated or wound sheet material using folded, pleated material with means for maintaining spacing between the pleats or folds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D27/00Cartridge filters of the throw-away type
    • B01D27/005Making filter elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D27/00Cartridge filters of the throw-away type
    • B01D27/04Cartridge filters of the throw-away type with cartridges made of a piece of unitary material, e.g. filter paper
    • B01D27/06Cartridge filters of the throw-away type with cartridges made of a piece of unitary material, e.g. filter paper with corrugated, folded or wound material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/24Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using rigid hollow filter bodies
    • B01D46/2403Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using rigid hollow filter bodies characterised by the physical shape or structure of the filtering element
    • B01D46/2411Filter cartridges
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2201/00Details relating to filtering apparatus
    • B01D2201/04Supports for the filtering elements
    • B01D2201/0407Perforated supports on both sides of the filtering element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2265/00Casings, housings or mounting for filters specially adapted for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D2265/06Details of supporting structures for filtering material, e.g. cores

Abstract

A generally flat or tubular pleated paper filter element (12) has a fluid- permeable foamed-plastic shield (16) formed on one side to firmly and accurately position the adjacent folds of filter paper. The shield (16) is formed in situ and bonds to the paper without the use of an intermediate adhesive so as to form a unitary structure. The paper insert is placed in a rotary tubular mould where the plastics is foamed until it contacts and bonds to the peat fold lines. Projections in the mould form holes through the closed cell plastics, or the plastics may be open cell and projections are not then required. <IMAGE>

Description

SPECIFICATION Pleated filter element with integral shield and method for making same The invention relates to a pleated paper filter element having an integral fluid-permeable shield formed on at least one of its faces.

Fluid filters which employ pleated paper filter media are known in the filtering art. A persistent problem in this art is the provision of support to the filter media. Without such support, the filter media is easily displaced from its pleated, uniformly spaced configuration by the pressure differential established across the media incident to the flow of fluid therethrough. Movement of the filter element pleats can result in one or more pleats collapsing upon their neighboring pleats.

Collapse of filter element pleats upon neighboring pleats reduces the area available for fluid flow through the filter element. A reduction in the area available for fluid flow through the filter element increases the pressure differential across the filter element. The effect of the collapse of filter element pleats is cumulative. Increased pressure difference across the filter element leads to further collapse and to a further increased pressure differential.

Filter elements are known in accordance with the United States patents 3,189,179 and 3,392,843 to McMichael and to Mumby, respectively, in which strips or beads of adhesive are applied to the filter element transversely to the direction of the pleat folds to support and space apart the pleats.

With filter elements of the type illustrated in the McMichael and Mumby patents, the paper filter media receives only localized support and the adhesive renders a portion of the filter media impervious to fluid so that the area available for fluid filtering is reduced.

The ' The invention as claimed is intended to remedy the drawbacks of prior filter elements by providing a pleated paper filter element in which the pleats are maintained in their uniformly spaced relationship and resist collapse due to the fluid pressure difference created across the filter media incident to the flow of fluid therethrough. A fluidpermeable shield is bonded on one face of the filter element. The folds of the filter media are embedded into the shield. Because the shield is formed of shape-retaining plastic, the shield supports and spaces apart the folds of the filter media. The shield extends longitudinally along the folds of the filter media to provide substantially continuous support to the filter media folds.

The advantages offered by the invention are mainly that the filter media receives support entirely along the length of the pleat folds; the fluid-permeable shield is formed integrally with the filter element without the use of adhesives; the shield does not significantly reduce the area of filter media available for fluid filtering; and the media and shield form a unitary structure with good resistance to abrasion and damage during manufacture and use.

Two ways of carrying out the invention are described in detail below with reference to drawings which illustrate only these two specific embodiments, in which: Figure 1 is a perspective view of a filter element according to my invention with a portion thereof broken away for purposes of illustration.

Figure 2 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along the line 2-2 of Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a diagrammatic representation of my method for making filter elements according to my invention.

Figure 4 is a longitudinal sectional view of the mold taken along line 4-4 of Figure 3.

Figure 5 is an enlarged sectional view of an encircled portion of Figure 4 and is illustrated with a pleated filter media sheet in the mold preparatory to the formation of a shield on the sheet.

Figure 6 is a fragmentary perspective view of a mold and pleated sheet of paper filter media for use in making another embodiment of my invention.

Turning now to the drawings, Figure 1 illustrates a filter element 10 according to my invention. Filter element 10 includes a sheet of filter paper 12 having a multiplicity of spaced apart parallel folds 14 therein. The folds 14 in filter paper 12 are successively disposed in opposite directions so that the sheet of filter paper 12 is pleated. Between the folds 14, the filter paper 12 is substantially straight so that the pleats are V-shaped. The pleated sheet of filter paper 12 is rolled to form a hollow cylinder with the folds 14 parallel to the axis of the cylinder. A fluid permeable shield 16 circumscribes the cylinder of filter paper. Shield 16 extends longitudinally from one end of the cylinder of filter paper to the other end of the cylinder. A multiplicity of perforations 18 are defined by shield 16 so that fluid may flow through the perforations 18.

As is best illustrated by Figure 2, the outer folds 14 of the filter paper 12 are embedded into the shield 16. The shield 16 is formed of shaperetaining cellular polyurethane plastic so that the shield 16 is structurally self-supporting. Because the polyurethane plastic-of shield 16 bonds to the outer folds 14 of the filter paper 12, the filter paper is supported by the shield 16. As will be hereinafter explained, the shield 16 is bonded to the filter paper 12 without the use of an adhesive or bonding agent to hold the shield and the filter paper together.

Figures 3, 4 and 5 illustrate one method by which shield 16 is formed in situ upon the cylinder of filter paper 12.

Figure 3 illustrates a pleated and rolled sheet of filter paper 12 preparatory to its insertion into the cavity 20 of a mold 22. Mold 22 is carried by a machine (not shown) which provides for the rotation of the mold 22 about its cylindrical axis, as is illustrated by arrow A, viewing Figure 3.

Turning now to Figure 4, it will be seen that the mold 22 includes an elongated cylindrical wall 24.

At the ends of the mold are circumferentially continuous annular flanges or dikes 26 extending radially inward from the wall 24. The wall 24 and the dikes 26 co-operate to define a circumferentially-extending basin, or receptacle 28, within the mold 22. The basin 28 is capable of receiving and retaining a liquid therein. A multiplicity of projections 30 extend radially inward from the wall 24 into the cavity 20 of the mold 22. The projections terminate in free ends 32. It will be understood that when the mold 22 is rotated about its cylindrical axis, a liquid may be introduced into the basin 28 defined therein. The liquid will distribute itself evenly about the circumference and along the length of the basin 28 because of the gravitational and centrifugal forces acting upon the liquid as the liquid spins with the rotating mold 22.

Figure 5 illustrates the encircled portion of Figure 4 to an enlarged scale. A foamable liquid plastic material 34 is evenly distributed in the basin 28 of mold 22. The plastic material 34 is one of a number of types of foamable liquid plastics which are well known to those skilled in the art. For example, the plastic material 34 may be polyester resin plus aromatic diisocyanate, which together form a resin prepolymer. The resin prepolymerreacts with water to form a urethane polymer which is cellular. The reaction of the resin prepolymer with water produces bubbles of carbon dioxide gas in the urethane polymer so that the volume of the urethane polymer is increased by the gas bubbles. Additionally, the reaction of the resin prepolymer with water polymerizes the prepolymer so that the expanded cellular polymer is a shape-retaining solid.Figure 5 further illustrates a pleated and rolled sheet of filter paper 12 inserted into the cavity 20 of the mold 22. The outer folds 14 of the filter paper 12 rest upon the free ends 32 of the projections 30 so that the filter - - paper is spaced from the liquid plastic 34.

Because the chemical reaction between the resin prepolymer and the water does not start immediately when the resin prepolymer and water are mixed, the mixture is introduced into the basin of mold 22 as a liquid and the liquid plastic is distributed as the mold spins. The pleated and rolled sheet of filter paper 12 is inserted into the cavity 20 of the mold 22 before the liquid plastic 34 begins to foam. When the liquid plastic foams, it expands in volume and contacts the outer folds 14 of filter paper 12. While foaming, the plastic 34 is effective to bond to the filter paper 12. The volume of liquid plastic material which is introduced into the basin 28 of the mold 22 is selected so that the expanded plastic touches the outer folds 14 of the filter paper 12. Consequently, the outer folds 14 of the filter media 12 embed themselves into the foaming plastic material.

Upon solidification, the foamed plastic material forms the shield 16 on the filter element 10. The projections 30 cause the shield 16 to be formed with perforations 18 therein.

Those skilled in the manufacturing arts will recognize that mold 22 is provided with means (not shown) which provide for the release of the finished filter element 10 from the cavity 20 of the mold 22. Means for releasing a part from a mold cavity are well known to those skilled in the art.

For example, the mold may be segmented to allow separation of the component parts of the mold along radial planes which are parallel to the cylindrical axis of the mold.

Figure 6 illustrates a mold 122 and a pleated sheet of filter paper 112 for use in making another embodiment of my invention. The filter element is to be flat rather than cylindrical. Consequently, the mold 122 is of a planar design. The mold 122 includes a bottom wall 124 and peripheral dikes 126. The wall 124 and the dikes 126 cooperate to define a basin 128. Projections 30 extend upward from the wall 124 and terminate in free ends 132..

A foamable liquid plastic is introduced into the basin 128 of the mold 122. The sheet of pleated filter paper 112 is placed upon the free ends 132 of the projections 130. When the liquid plastic foams and solidifies, a shield is formed on the pleated sheet of filter paper 112, as has been explained with regard to the embodiment of the invention illustrated by Figures 1-5.

Those skilled in the art will recognize that a planar filter element made with the mold illustrated by Figure 6 may be rolled with the shield 16 innermost. Another shield may then be formed on the outside of the filter paper by the use of the mold illustrated by Figure 3. The finished filter element combines the advantages of both inner and outer support to the filter paper.

The use of a filter element according to my invention corresponds to the use of filter elements now in the art. The filter element may be incorporated into a disposable cartridge or it may be employed in a cannister. It will be further understood that the foamed plastic material used to form the shield on the filter element may be of an open-celled character. Open-celled foamed plastics are inherently fluid-permeable so that perforations in the shield are not necessary to allow fluid flow through the shield.

Claims (10)

1. A filter element comprising a sheet of paper filtering media, said filtering media sheet having a multiplicity of substantially parallel elongated folds therein, said folds being successively disposed in opposite directions to provide a plurality of elongated V-shaped pleats in said filtering media sheet, said pleats defining likedisposed folds, a fluid-permeable shield bonding to the like-disposed folds of said filtering media sheet, said shield being formed of shape-retaining cellular plastic and extending from one likedisposed fold to the next adjacent like-disposed fold so as to space apart said folds, said shield further extending longitudinally along said likedisposed folds and providing a substantially continuous longitudinal bond between said shield and said like-disposed folds, whereby said likedisposed folds are restrained from movement relative to said shield.
2. The invention of claim 1 wherein said cellular plastic shield is of a closed-cell character, said shield including a multiplicity of perforations therethrough.
3. The invention of claim 1 wherein said cellular plastic is a polyurethane compound.
4. A filter element consisting essentially of a sheet of folded paper filter media, said sheet being folded to provide a multiplicity of V-shaped pleats in said sheet, a fluid permeable plastic shield extending between folds of said sheet so that said folds are restrained from motion by said shield, said filter media sheet and said shield being bonded one to another by fusion between the surfaces of said filter media folds and said shield while said shield is in a transitory phase between foamable liquid and expanded cellular solid, whereby said sheet and said shield form a unitary structure.
5. The method of making a filter element characterized by the steps of: providing a receptacle; placing liquid plastic material of a foamable character in said receptacle; suspending a pleated paper filter media a selected distance from said liquid plastic material; foaming said plastic material and expanding its volume so that said plastic material contacts said filter media and bonds thereto; and solidifying said plastic material to a shaperetaining solid whereby said filter media and said plastic form a unitary structure.
6. The invention of claim 5 including the step of forming multiple perforations through the plastic material.
7. The invention of claim 5 wherein said receptacle includes a multiplicity of projections for spacing said filter media away from said foamable liquid plastic, said projections forming perforations in the solidified plastic so that the solidified plastic is fluid-permeable.
8. The invention of claim 5 wherein said receptacle is cylindrical and including the further step of rotating the receptacle about its axis so as to distribute the liquid plastic material about said receptacle.
9. A filter element substantially as described and as shown in the accompanying drawings.
10. A method of making a filter element substantially as described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
GB8124606A 1980-09-02 1981-08-12 Pleated filter element with integral shield Expired GB2082932B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US18290980A true 1980-09-02 1980-09-02

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB2082932A true GB2082932A (en) 1982-03-17
GB2082932B GB2082932B (en) 1984-09-05

Family

ID=22670580

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB8124606A Expired GB2082932B (en) 1980-09-02 1981-08-12 Pleated filter element with integral shield

Country Status (5)

Country Link
AR (1) AR225099A1 (en)
AU (1) AU539954B2 (en)
BR (1) BR8105524A (en)
GB (1) GB2082932B (en)
NZ (1) NZ198233A (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2197802A (en) * 1986-11-26 1988-06-02 Locker Air Maze Limited Filter
WO1990011116A1 (en) * 1989-03-17 1990-10-04 Hartwig Straub Filter element with a star-shaped filter for a solid filter
EP0676229A1 (en) * 1994-04-11 1995-10-11 TECNOCAR S.r.l. Air filter with polyurethane support, particularly for motor vehicle passenger compartment
WO1996033001A1 (en) * 1995-04-21 1996-10-24 Donaldson Company, Inc. Pleated filter and a method for making the same
WO2005123214A1 (en) * 2004-06-08 2005-12-29 Donaldson Company, Inc. Z-filter media pack arrangements; and, methods
US8034145B2 (en) 2004-06-14 2011-10-11 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement; assembly; and, methods
US8062399B2 (en) 2006-05-10 2011-11-22 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement; assembly; and, methods
US8277532B2 (en) 2004-08-06 2012-10-02 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement; assembly; and methods
US8292983B2 (en) 2005-01-13 2012-10-23 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter cartridge and air cleaner assembly
US8496723B2 (en) 2005-01-13 2013-07-30 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement
US9320997B2 (en) 2013-06-28 2016-04-26 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter cartridges; air cleaner assemblies; housings; features; components; and, methods
US9555370B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2017-01-31 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter assembly; components thereof; and, methods
US9623351B2 (en) 2009-04-09 2017-04-18 Cummins Filtration Ip, Inc. Filtration sealing system
US10434454B2 (en) 2011-06-30 2019-10-08 Donaldson Company, Inc. Filter cartridge

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2197802A (en) * 1986-11-26 1988-06-02 Locker Air Maze Limited Filter
WO1990011116A1 (en) * 1989-03-17 1990-10-04 Hartwig Straub Filter element with a star-shaped filter for a solid filter
EP0676229A1 (en) * 1994-04-11 1995-10-11 TECNOCAR S.r.l. Air filter with polyurethane support, particularly for motor vehicle passenger compartment
US5814219A (en) * 1995-04-21 1998-09-29 Donaldson Company, Inc. Pleated filter having a planar sheet of randomly arranged filaments to maintain pleat spacing
AU715109B2 (en) * 1995-04-21 2000-01-20 Donaldson Company Inc. Pleated filter and a method for making the same
WO1996033001A1 (en) * 1995-04-21 1996-10-24 Donaldson Company, Inc. Pleated filter and a method for making the same
USRE46700E1 (en) 2004-06-08 2018-02-06 Donaldson Company, Inc. Z-filter media pack arrangement; and, methods
WO2005123214A1 (en) * 2004-06-08 2005-12-29 Donaldson Company, Inc. Z-filter media pack arrangements; and, methods
US7967886B2 (en) 2004-06-08 2011-06-28 Donaldson Company, Inc. Z-filter media pack arrangement; and, methods
US8518141B2 (en) 2004-06-08 2013-08-27 Donaldson Company, Inc. Z-filter media pack arrangement; and, methods
US8241383B2 (en) 2004-06-08 2012-08-14 Donaldson Company, Inc. Z-filter media pack arrangement; and, methods
US9114346B2 (en) 2004-06-08 2015-08-25 Donaldson Company, Inc. Z-filter media pack arrangement; and, methods
US8480779B2 (en) 2004-06-14 2013-07-09 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement; assembly; and, methods
US9120047B2 (en) 2004-06-14 2015-09-01 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement; assembly; and, methods
US8034145B2 (en) 2004-06-14 2011-10-11 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement; assembly; and, methods
US9937455B2 (en) 2004-06-14 2018-04-10 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement; assembly; and, methods
US8277532B2 (en) 2004-08-06 2012-10-02 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement; assembly; and methods
US9795911B2 (en) 2004-08-06 2017-10-24 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement; assembly; and, methods
US8906128B2 (en) 2004-08-06 2014-12-09 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement; assembly; and, methods
US8292983B2 (en) 2005-01-13 2012-10-23 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter cartridge and air cleaner assembly
US8636820B2 (en) 2005-01-13 2014-01-28 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement
US8496723B2 (en) 2005-01-13 2013-07-30 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement
US9180399B2 (en) 2005-01-13 2015-11-10 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement
US10421034B2 (en) 2005-01-13 2019-09-24 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement; assembly; and, methods
US9527023B2 (en) 2005-01-13 2016-12-27 Donaldson Comapny, Inc. Air filter arrangement; assembly; and, methods
US10315144B2 (en) 2005-01-13 2019-06-11 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement; assembly; and, methods
US10065145B2 (en) 2005-01-13 2018-09-04 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement; assembly; and, methods
US8709119B2 (en) 2005-01-13 2014-04-29 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter cartridge and air cleaner assembly
US8062399B2 (en) 2006-05-10 2011-11-22 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter arrangement; assembly; and, methods
US8328897B2 (en) 2006-05-10 2012-12-11 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air cleaner arrangement; assembly; and, methods
US10422306B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2019-09-24 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter assembly; components thereof; and, methods
US9555370B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2017-01-31 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter assembly; components thereof; and, methods
US9623351B2 (en) 2009-04-09 2017-04-18 Cummins Filtration Ip, Inc. Filtration sealing system
US10112138B2 (en) 2009-04-09 2018-10-30 Cummins Filtration Ip, Inc. Filtration sealing system
US9782708B2 (en) 2009-04-09 2017-10-10 Cummins Filtration Ip, Inc. Filtration sealing system
US10434454B2 (en) 2011-06-30 2019-10-08 Donaldson Company, Inc. Filter cartridge
US9320997B2 (en) 2013-06-28 2016-04-26 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter cartridges; air cleaner assemblies; housings; features; components; and, methods
US10046260B2 (en) 2013-06-28 2018-08-14 Donaldson Company, Inc. Air filter cartridges; air cleaner assemblies; housings; features; components; and, methods

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
NZ198233A (en) 1985-02-28
BR8105524A (en) 1982-05-18
AR225099A1 (en) 1982-02-15
GB2082932B (en) 1984-09-05
AU539954B2 (en) 1984-10-25
AU7407881A (en) 1982-03-11

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