GB2030714A - Automatic Camera Lens Cover - Google Patents

Automatic Camera Lens Cover Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2030714A
GB2030714A GB7900387A GB7900387A GB2030714A GB 2030714 A GB2030714 A GB 2030714A GB 7900387 A GB7900387 A GB 7900387A GB 7900387 A GB7900387 A GB 7900387A GB 2030714 A GB2030714 A GB 2030714A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
camera
shutter
cover
reciprocable
gear
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB7900387A
Other versions
GB2030714B (en
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Agfa Gevaert AG
Original Assignee
Agfa Gevaert AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE2841606A priority Critical patent/DE2841606B1/en
Application filed by Agfa Gevaert AG filed Critical Agfa Gevaert AG
Publication of GB2030714A publication Critical patent/GB2030714A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of GB2030714B publication Critical patent/GB2030714B/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03BAPPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR TAKING PHOTOGRAPHS OR FOR PROJECTING OR VIEWING THEM; APPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS EMPLOYING ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • G03B17/00Details of cameras or camera bodies; Accessories therefor
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03BAPPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR TAKING PHOTOGRAPHS OR FOR PROJECTING OR VIEWING THEM; APPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS EMPLOYING ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • G03B1/00Film strip handling
    • G03B1/02Moving film strip by pull on end thereof
    • G03B1/14Special arrangements to ensure constant length of movement of film
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03BAPPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR TAKING PHOTOGRAPHS OR FOR PROJECTING OR VIEWING THEM; APPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS EMPLOYING ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • G03B11/00Filters or other obturators specially adapted for photographic purposes
    • G03B11/04Hoods or caps for eliminating unwanted light from lenses, viewfinders or focusing aids
    • G03B11/043Protective lens closures or lens caps built into cameras
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03BAPPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR TAKING PHOTOGRAPHS OR FOR PROJECTING OR VIEWING THEM; APPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS EMPLOYING ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • G03B17/00Details of cameras or camera bodies; Accessories therefor
    • G03B17/42Interlocking between shutter operation and advance of film or change of plate or cut-film
    • G03B17/425Interlocking between shutter operation and advance of film or change of plate or cut-film motor drive cameras

Abstract

A motorised camera includes shutter 24, shutter release member 2, and a photographing lens located in front of shutter 24. Electric motor 16 is operable to wind on film 7 and control means including reciprocable member 40 is operable to sequentially control release of shutter 24 and operation of motor 16. Cover 60 is mounted for automatic movement relative to the lens so that, in a closed position, the cover 60 is located in front of the lens to protect it when not in use. Spring 41 is operable, on actuation of shutter release member 2, to move cover 60 into an open position to expose the lens to incident light, and motor driven means 63 and 64 are provided to return cover 60 to its closed position after shutter 24 has been released. The drive from motor 16 to components 63 and 64 is transmitted by reciprocable member 40 which is arranged so as to have a constant stroke. <IMAGE>

Description

SPECIFICATION Photographic Camera This invention relates to a photographic camera of the kind including a cover for protecting a photographing lens of the camera when not in use. An object of the present invention is to provide such a camera in an advantageous form.
In one aspect, the invention resides in a still photographic camera including a shutter, a camera release member, a photographing lens located in front of the shutter, a movable cover for protecting the photographing lens when not in use, and means operable, on actuation of the camera release member, to move the cover into an open position in which the photographing lens is exposed to incident light, and further operable, after release of the shutter or during a film transport operation, to move the cover into a closed position covering the photographing lens.
In a further aspect, the invention resides in a photographic camera including a shutter, a camera release member, a photographing lens located in front of the shutter, an electric motor operable to wind on a film-which is loaded in the camera in use, means for sequentially controlling release of the shutter and operation of the motor, a movable cover which, in a closed position, is located in front of the photographing lens to protect the lens when not in use, resilient means operable, on actuation of the camera release member, to move the cover into an open position to expose the photographing lens to incident light, and means driven by the motor for returning the cover to its closed position.
In yet a further aspect, the invention resides in a still photographic camera for use with a film of the kind having perforations therein corresponding to the positions of respective exposure frames, the camera comprising a shutter, a photographing lens located in front of the shutter, a reciprocable member which is arranged to prime the shutter when moved in one direction and to release the shutter when moved in the opposite direction, means biasing the reciprocal member in said opposite direction, latch means arranged to hold the reciprocable member in a starting position against the action of the biasing means and operable to release said member upon actuation of a camera release member, an electric motor operable to wind on a film of the kind specified loaded in the camera in use, the motor having a power supply circuit including switch means operable to short circuit the motor, means for detecting perforations in a film of the kind specified loaded in the camera in use, the detecting means being operable upon detection of a perforation to actuate said switch means to short circuit the motor, a first gear drivable by the motor, a second gear coupled to the reciprocable member and engageable with the first gear so that the reciprocable member can be returned to its starting position by operation of the motor, the second gear being arranged to 'become operatively disengaged from the first gear when the reciprocable member reaches its starting position, and a movable cover which in a closed position covers the photographing lens to protect the lens when not in use, the cover being connected to the reciprocable member so as to be movable with said member between said closed position and an open position in which the lens is exposed to incident light.
The accompanying drawing is an exploded perspective view, not to scale, of a camera according to one example of the present invention.
Referring to the drawing, the camera shown is adapted to receive a film cassette 8 having a storage compartment from which a film 7 can be progressively transported across an exposure window and into a winding compartment where the film is wound onto a take-up spool. Formed in the film are a plurality of longitudinally spaced perforations 7a (only one shown), one perforation being provided for each exposure to be made on the film.
The camera includes a housing 1, only part of which is shown for the sake of simplicity, and a camera release button 2 which is mounted in one wall of the housing. The button 2 is movable into the housing in the direction of the arrow 3 to pivot a two-armed release lever 6 in an anti-clockwise direction about an axis 4 and against the action of a spring 5, the lever 6 extending parallel with the transport direction of the film 7. One arm of the lever 6 defines a shoulder 6a, while the other arm Sb of the lever defines the operating member of an electrical switch 1 8 which is arranged to be closed by the lever arm 6b when the button 2 is moved in the direction of the arrow 3.
Located within the housing 1 between a stop la and a control cam 1 b is a detector lever 9 which, in the position shown, engages in one of the perforations 7a in the film 7. The lever 9 is biased towards the film 7 by a spring 10 and towards the stop 1 a by a further spring 1 i. In the position shown the lever 9 is held in engagement with the control cam 1 b against the action of the spring 1 The lever 9 is formed with a longitudinally extending slot 9a and with an arm 9b which extends perpendicular to the operating direction of the springs 10, 11 into the path of movement of one arm 1 2a of a three-armed control lever 12.The lever 12 is pivotable about an axis 13 and has a second, short arm 1 2b formed with a peg 1 2c which engages in a slot 1 4a formed in one arm of a two-armed lever 14.
The lever 14 is movable angularly about an axis 1 5 and defines a control edge 1 4b at the free end of its other arm. The third, relatively long arm 1 2b of the control lever is generally L-shaped and is formed with a bore 12g in one limb, a peg 1 2f at the junction between the limbs and a peg 1 2e at the free end of its other limb. The lever 12 is arranged so that the major dimension defined by the arms 1 2a, 1 2b extends parallel with the transport direction of the film 7.
Transport of the film 7 is effected by an electric motor 1 6 which is located directly in front of the region of the camera which, in use, receives the winding compartment of the cassette 8. To power the motor 16 are two torch batteries 1 7 which are located adjacent the region of the camera which in use receive the storage compartment of the cassette 8 and which extend generally parallel with the optical axis of the camera shutter 24.
Electrically connected in series between the batteries 17 and one terminal of the motor 1 6 are the switch 18 and a second switch 19, with a third switch 20 being connected in parallel with the switches 18, 1 9. Connected between the batteries 1 7 and the other terminal of the motor 16 is a fourth switch 21,22, having its movable contact 22 common with a fifth switch 22, 23 operable to short circuit the motor 16. The contact 22 is resiliently urged to close the switch 21,22 but is movable by the peg 1 2e in a direction to open the switch 21, 22 and close the switch 22, 23.
The contacts of the switch 1 9 are arranged so as to lie in the path of a peg 24a movable with the camera shutter 24 such that the switch 19 is closed at or near one end of the shutter operation.
Priming of the shutter 24 is effected by a pinion 24b which is in meshing engagement with a rack 40e defined by a connecting rod 40 and which operates by way of a one-way coupling (not shown) so as to be rotatable in a clockwise direction to prime the shutter and to be freely rotatable in the opposite direction. Release of the shutter is controlled in the manner described below by a peg 24c provided on the shutter 24 and an arm 40dprojecting from the connecting rod 40.
The motor 16 drives a pinion 16a under the control of a brake lever 25. The brake lever 25 includes a peg 25a which engages in the bore 1 2g of the control lever 12 such that, according to the position of the control lever 12, the brake lever 25 is engageable with the pinion 16a to lock the pinion. Drivingly coupled with the pinion 16a is a reduction gear 26 including a gear wheel 26a which meshes with a further gear wheel 27. The gear wheel 27 in turn meshes with a gear wheel 28 of a centrifugal switch 29 including an operating peg 29a which maintains the switch 20 closed while the motor 1 6 is running. It is to be appreciated that, in order to more clearly explain the operation of the camera, the gear wheel 28 is shown twice in the drawing.
Rigidly connected to the gear wheel 27 is a gear wheel 30 which meshes with a large diameter gear wheel 31 which in turn has a further gear wheel 32 rigidly connected thereto.
The gear wheel 32 meshes with a gear wheel 33 which is coupled by way of a gear wheel 34 to a further gear wheel 35 which is drivingly connected to the take-up spool of the film cassette. All the gear wheels consist of thin metal or plastic, generally planar toothed wheels so that the entire gear wheel drive measures only a few millimetres in height.
Engageable with the gear wheel 27 is a gear segment 37 which is rigidly mounted on a rotatable shaft 36 together with a cam disc 38 such that, depending on the angular position of the cam disc 38, the gear segment 37 can mesh with the gear wheel 27 to be driven by the gear wheel 27. Pivotally connected to the cam disc 38 by a pin 39 is a connecting rod 40 which is shaped to define a control peg 40a, first and second shoulders 40b,40c respectively, and a further rack portion 40m as well as the arm 40d, and the rack 40e.The connecting rod 40 extends parallel with the transport direction of the film 7 and a spring 41, acting on a further gear segment 43 in meshing engagement with the rack portion 40m, biases the connecting rod 40 to the left, as viewed in the drawing, i.e. in the opposite direction to that required for priming the shutter.
The peg 12f of the lever 12 is slidably received in a slot 42a formed in one arm of a further 3armed lever 42 having a curved second arm 42b located in the path of movement of the peg 40a.
The third arm of the lever 42 defines a retaining edge 42c and is urged against a stop 1 C by a spring 43 which also urges a locking edge 44a of a further lever 44 towards the third arm of the lever 42. The lever 44 is pivotable about a shaft 45 and the free end 44b of the lever 44 is urged by the spring 43 against one end of the connecting rod 40. A further lever 46 is pivotally mounted on a shaft 47 and is urged by a spring 48 towards the lever 14 and the connecting rod 40 so as to be engageable with either the control edge 1 4b or the shoulder 40b. The levers 12, 44, 46, 42 are arranged so that together they extend mainly parallel with the film transport direction.
Moreover, the control means defined by the levers 12, 9, 42, 44 and the rod 40 is of overall height less than or equal to the overail height of the gear wheel drive defined by the pinion 1 spa and the gear wheels 26 to 38.
in order to understand operation of the camera described above, it is to be appreciated that the camera is shown in the drawing with the shutter 24 primed and film 7 at the end of its movement necessary to allow a new exposure to be taken. In this position, the switches 18, 19, 20 and 21 are all open and the movable contact 22 is urged by the peg 1 2e to close the switch 22, 23 so that the motor 16 is short circuited. In addition, the shoulder 6a of the release lever 6 is located in front of the second shoulder 40c of the connecting rod 40 so as to retain the connecting rod in its primed position. the lever 46 is at this time held by the control edge 1 4b of the lever 14, out of the path of the shoulder 40b of the connecting rod 40.
If the camera release button 2 is now depressed, the lever 6 is pivoted in an anti clockwise direction so that the switch 1 8 is closed by the arm 6b and then remains closed until the button is released. At the same time, the shoulder 6a is moved clear of the shoulder 40c so that the connecting rod is released and starts moving under the action of the spring 41 in the opposite direction to the film transport direction whereby the cam disc 38 and the gear segment 37 begin to rotate. As the connecting rod 40 reaches the end of its stroke the arm 40d operates the shutter release peg 24c so as to release the shutter 24 and effect a photographic exposure.At the end of the shutter cycle, the peg 24a closes the switch 1 9 so that now both the switches 18, 1 9 are closed.
During movement of the connecting rod 40 to release the shutter 24, the gear segment 37 is rotated by an amount such that its first tooth meshes with the gear wheel 32, while the peg 40a of the connecting rod 40 pivots the lever 42 anti-clockwise so that the locking edge 44a of the lever 44 can move under the action of the spring 43 into engagement with the holding edge 42c so as to hold the lever 42 in this pivoted position.
The pivotal movement imparted to the lever 42 in turn drives the lever 12 clockwise so that the lever arm 1 2a disengages from the lever 9, and the lever 14 is pivoted anti-clockwise out of engagement with the lever 46, so that the latter bears against the connecting rod 40 under the action of its biasing spring 48. At the same time the brake lever 25 is lifted away from the motor pinion 16a and the peg 12e is moved away from the movable contact 22 whereby the switch 22, 23 is opened and the switch 21,22 is now closed. Thus, since the switches 18, 19 and 21, 22 are now all closed, the motor 16 is energised so that the pinion 16a rotates and the centrifugal switch 29a closes the switch 20.It will be appreciated that the motor 16 will now remain energised through the switch 20 until the switch 20 is re-opened and hence the button 2 can now be released and the shutter 24 reprimed, whereby the switches 1 8, 19 are again opened.
As the motor 1 6 rotates the pinion 16a, the gear segment 37 is driven by way of the reduction gear 26 and the gear wheels 27, 30, 31 and 32 to rotate the cam disc 38 in an anti-clockwise direction. The connecting rod 40 is thereby moved in the film transport direction against the action of the spring 41 so that the rack 40e causes the pinion 24b to re-set the shutter 24.
The peg 24a is thereby moved back into the position shown in the drawing so as to re-open the switch 19, although the motor 16 remains energised by means of the switches 20 and 21, 22.
Furthermore, as the pinion 16a rotates, it operates by way of the reduction gear 26 and the gear wheels 27 and 30 to 35 to rotate the takeup spool of the film cassette so as to transport the film 7. During the initial phase of the film transport, the lever 9 is lifted out of the perforation 7a by means of the control cam 1 b and is then urged back against the stop 1 a by the spring 11. The lever 9 is thus unable to move back into the same perforation 7a, although is urged by the spring 10 to bear against the film 7.
In this position of the lever 9, the arm 9a engages the arm 1 2a of the lever 12.
The connecting rod 40 continues to move against the action of the spring 41 until, after one rotation of the cam disc 38 the rod 40 again resumes the position shown in the drawing. In this position, said one end of the connecting rod 40 pivots the lever 44 against the action of the spring 43 to disengage the edge 44a from the lever 42, while the gear segment 37 becomes disengaged from the gear wheel 32. At this stage, the film transport is not complete so that the lever 9 still bears against an imperforate region of the film 7 and the arm 9b engages the arm 1 2a to prevent the levers 12, 14 and 42 returning to their rest positions. Thus the switches 20 and 21, 22 remain closed so that the motor 16 continues film transport.Moreover, since the control edge 14b is held clear of the lever 46, the lever 46 is urged by the spring 48 behind the shoulder 40b to prevent the connecting rod 40 being returned by the spring 41 to its rest position before film transport is complete.
When the next perforation 7a on the film 7 moves into alignment with the lever 9, the latter is urged by the spring 10 into the perforation so that the arm 9b releases the arm 12a. The lever 12 can then rotate anti-clockwise to impart clockwise rotation to the lever 42 to cause the peg 1 2e to open the switch 21,22 and close the switch 22, 23. The motor 16 is thereby shortcircuited and rapidly comes to rest to terminate film transport the centrifugal switch 29 then opening the switch 20. Moreover, during anticlockwise rotation of the lever 12, the brake lever 25 is re-engaged with the pinion 16a and the control edge 14b of the lever 14 pivots the lever 46 away from the shoulder 40b so that all the camera components are again in the position shown in the drawing.
From the above, it will be manifest that the gear segment 37 will become operatively disengaged from the gear wheel 32 as soon as the connecting rod 40 has been returned to its starting position shown in the drawing.
Thereafter, the motor 16 will continue to operate until the film 7 has been wound on by the correct amount. In each winding-on operation, the same length of film is wound onto the take-up spool of the cassette. However, due to the progressively increasing diameter of the film roll on this spool, the amount by which the gear wheel 35 rotates during each winding-on operation will vary. By virtue of the gear segment 37 becoming disengaged from the gear wheel 32, the amount of movement of the connecting rod 40 is independent of the amount of movement of the gear wheel 35.
In order to make a series of exposures consecutively, the release button 2 is maintained in its actuated condition for the duration of the exposures. The sequence of each exposure and each subsequent film transport then occurs in the manner defined above, with the switch 1 8 remaining closed and the shoulder 6a remaining free of the shoulder 40c for the duration of the exposures. In the period between one complete rotation of the cam disc 38 and the termination of the film transport required to advance the film for the next exposure, the gear segment 37 is disengaged from the gear wheel 32 and the lever 46 is located in front of the shoulder 40b to prevent movement of the connecting rod 40.As will be appreciated from the foregoing comments, the connecting rod 40 is released when the lever 9 engages the next perforation 7a in the film, that is when the required film transport is completed.
The film 7 has a title section at its trailing end and, in order to prevent this being drawn into the winding compartment of the cassettte 8, a lock is provided on the casette. When the lock is effective to prevent movement of the film 7 into the winding compartment, the lever 12 takes up its film transport position because this region of the film is arranged to have no'perforations 7a in which the lever can be received. However, the winding lock prevents the film being driven so that the motor 16 comes to rest, whereby the centrifugal switch 29a opens the switch 20 to deenergise the motor. When the cassette 8 is changed all the components return to the position shown in the drawing.
When there is no cassette 8 in the camera, the lever 9 is urged by the spring 11 against the stop 1 a but, since it is not held by a film 7, the lever 9 is urged by the spring 10 into the cassettereceiving recess of the camera by an amount depending on the length of the slot 9a. On actuating the shutter release button 2 for demonstration purposes, the camera operates as described above except that the position of the lever 9 remains unaltered, and consequently the levers 12 and 42 can return to their starting positions as soon as the lever 42 is released by the lever 44 at the end of rightward movement of the connecting rod 40.
The camera described above achieves the advantage of incorporating a motorised film transport arrangement while at the same time enabling the external dimensions of the camera to be substantially the same as, or even less than, those of an equivalent camera without a motorised transport arrangement.
In the camera described above, a photographing lens (not shown) is located in front of the shutter 24 in the direction of an object to be photographed and along the optical axis of the shutter indicated at 61. Moreover, to prevent the -lens being damaged in the event of the camera being used without a carrying case, a cover 60 is slidably mounted in front of the photographing lens to protect the lens when the camera is not being used to take a photograph. Clearly, however, the cover 60 must be moved out of the path of the lens when it is required to take a photograph. Thus, as described in detail below, means is provided for automatically moving the cover 60, on actuation of the camera release member 2, into a position in which the lens is exposed and for subsequently returning the cover 60 to its closed position covering the lens.
The cover 60 is defined by a plate formed with an aperture 60b through which the photographing lens is exposed when the centre of the aperture 60b lies on the optical axis 61. The cover 60 is mounted for linear movement parallel with the film transport direction on a fixed rod 62 which is slidably mounted in spaced openings 60a formed in the cover.
It will be appreciated that the cover 60 is required to have a constant stroke in alternately exposing and masking the lens whereas, as previously stated, the amount of movement needed in the film transport mechanism to wind on the film by a predetermined amount will vary according to the diameter of the film take-up spool. Thus, to ensure the required constant stroke, the cover 60 is coupled with the connecting rod 40. This coupling is defined partly by the meshing engagement between the gear segment 63 and the rack portion 40m and partly by an arm 64 which is integral with the segment 63 and which is formed with a pin 64a slidably mounted in a slot 60c in the cover 60.Thus, as the connecting rod 40 is moved in opposite directions to alternately prime and release the shutter, the cover 60 is moved with the connecting rod by means of the segment 63 and the arm 64. In this way it is possible to ensure with the minimum of expense that the cover is moved to expose the lens through the aperture 60b before the shutter 24 is released, and is then returned to its rest position masking the lens after release of the shutter.
Connected to the gear segment 63 is a speed limiting mechanism defined by a gear wheel 65, a gear wheel 66 and a ratchet pawl 67 meshing with the gear wheel 66. The gear wheel 65 is in meshing engagement with the segment 63 and is mounted on a shaft which is slidably received in an arcuate slot 68 defined in a fixed component of the camera. By virtue of the slot 68, the gear wheel 65 is movable into and out of meshing engagement with the gear wheel 66, with a spring 69 biasing the gear wheel 65 towards the gear wheel 66. The arrangement of the speed limiting mechanism is such that, when the segment 63, the connecting rod 40 and the cover 60 are moved under the action of the spring 41, the gear wheel 65 is held by the spring 69 in meshing engagement with the gear wheel 66 whereby the pawl 67 is effective to reduce the speed of this movement. When however, the connecting rod 40 is driven by the motor 16 against the action of the spring 41 to the posititon shown in the drawing, the segment 63 moves the gear wheel 65 out of meshing engagement with the gear wheel 66 so that movement of the segment 63 is not affected by the speed limiting mechanism.
As an alternative to the example described above, an angularly movable cover could be used instead of the linearly slidable cover 60.
Moreover, the required automatic movement of the cover could be achieved by the use of a linearly movable slider connected by a rack with the toothed segment 37, instead of by the connecting rod 40.

Claims (11)

Claims
1. A still photographic camera including a shutter, a camera release member, a photographing lens located in front of the shutter, a movable cover for protecting the photographing lens when not in use, and means operable, on actuation of the shutter release member, to move the cover into an open position in which the photographing lens is exposed to incident light, and further operable, after release of the camera or during a film transport operation, to move the cover into a closed position covering the photographing lens.
2. A photographic camera including a shutter, a camera release member, a photographing lens located in front of the shutter, an electric motor operable to wind on a film which is loaded in the camera in use, means for sequentially controlling release of the shutter and operation of the motor, a movable cover which, in a closed position, is located in front of the photographing lens to protect the lens when not in use, resilient means operable, on actuation of the camera release member, to move the cover into an open position to expose the photographing lens to incident light, and means driven by the motor for returning the cover to its closed position.
3. A still photographic camera for use with a film of the kind having perforations therein corresponding to the positions of respective exposure frames, the camera comprising a shutter, a photographing lens located in front of the shutter, a reciprocabie member which is arranged to prime the shutter when moved in one direction and to release the shutter when moved in the opposite direction, means biasing the reciprocal member in said opposite direction, latch means arranged to hold the reciprocal member in a starting position against the action of the biasing means and operable to release said member upon actuation of a camera release member, an electric motor operable to wind on a film of the kind specified loaded in the camera in use, the motor having a power supply circuit including switch means operable to short circuit the motor, means for detecting perforations in a film of the kind specified loaded in the camera in use, the detecting means being operable upon detection of a perforation to actuate said switch means to short circuit the motor, a first gear drivable by the motor, a second gear coupled to the reciprocable member and engageable with the first gear so that-the reciprocable member can be returned to its starting position by operation of the motor, the second gear being arranged to become operatively disengaged from the first gear when the reciprocable member reaches its starting position, and a movable cover which in a closed position covers the photographing lens to protect the lens when not in use, the cover being connected to the reciprocable member so as to be movable with said member between said closed position and an open position in which the lens is exposed to incident light.
4. A camera as claimed in Claim 3, wherein the reciprocable member and the cover move parallel with the film transport direction.
5. A camera as claimed in Claim 3 or Claim 4, and including means for reducing the speed of movement of the reciprocable member.
6. A camera as claimed in Claim 5, wherein said speed-reducing means is only operative during movement of the reciprocable member in said opposite direction under the action of said Diasing means.
7. A camera as claimed in Claim 5 or Claim 6, wherein the speed reducing means is coupled to the reciprocable member by a rack portion of the reciprocable member in meshing engagement with a gear segment, said biasing means acting on the gear segment.
8. A camera as claimed in Claim 7, wherein the speed reducing means includes a gear wheel which, during movement of the reciprocable member in said opposite direction, is resilientiy urged into meshing engagement with the gear segment or a further gear wheel of the speed reducing means, the first mentioned gear wheel being urged out of meshing engagement with said gear segment or said further gear wheel during movement of the reciprocable member in said one direction by the electric motor.
9. A camera as claimed in Claim 8, wherein said further gear wheel meshes with a ratchet pawl which limits the speed of rotation of the further gear wheel.
10. A camera as claimed in any one of Claims 7 to 9 wherein the gear segment has secured thereto an arm which engages in a slot in the cover so that the cover is drivingly coupled by the arm and the gear segment to the reciprocable member.
11. A still photographic camera comprising the combination and arrangement of parts substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to, and as shown in, the accompanying drawings.
GB7900387A 1978-09-25 1979-01-05 Automatic camera lens cover Expired GB2030714B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE2841606A DE2841606B1 (en) 1978-09-25 1978-09-25 Still camera with a cover element to protect the lens

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB2030714A true GB2030714A (en) 1980-04-10
GB2030714B GB2030714B (en) 1982-02-10

Family

ID=6050341

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB7900387A Expired GB2030714B (en) 1978-09-25 1979-01-05 Automatic camera lens cover

Country Status (4)

Country Link
JP (1) JPS5545090A (en)
DE (1) DE2841606B1 (en)
FR (1) FR2437010A1 (en)
GB (1) GB2030714B (en)

Cited By (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2744240A1 (en) * 1996-01-26 1997-08-01 Asahi Optical Co Ltd Zoom lens photographic camera
US5999748A (en) * 1996-01-26 1999-12-07 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Camera with lens barrier apparatus

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3028452C2 (en) * 1980-07-26 1982-07-22 Agfa-Gevaert Ag, 5090 Leverkusen, De
US4411506A (en) * 1980-11-20 1983-10-25 Hallmark Camera Mfg. Pte. Ltd. Photographic camera
US4410253A (en) * 1981-05-28 1983-10-18 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Camera having lens protection cover
DE3250099C2 (en) * 1981-05-28 2001-11-15 Canon Kk Camera with integral lens cover
JPS59173046U (en) * 1983-05-09 1984-11-19
DE3520459A1 (en) * 1985-06-07 1986-12-11 Deutsche AG für Unterhaltungselectronic oHG, 7730 Villingen-Schwenningen VIDEO CAMERA

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DE1150867B (en) * 1962-04-19 1963-06-27 Minox Gmbh Photographic camera
JPS5725207Y2 (en) * 1972-06-19 1982-06-01
JPS6039211B2 (en) * 1976-03-09 1985-09-05 Konishiroku Photo Ind
DE2642548A1 (en) * 1976-09-22 1978-03-23 Kodak Ag Photographic camera with light protector flap - opening just before shutter opening and returning after exposure by transmission member linked to shutter release
DE2704892A1 (en) * 1977-02-05 1978-08-10 Agfa Gevaert Ag PHOTOGRAPHIC OR KINEMATOGRAPHIC CAMERA WITH A RECORDING LENS

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2744240A1 (en) * 1996-01-26 1997-08-01 Asahi Optical Co Ltd Zoom lens photographic camera
US5842057A (en) * 1996-01-26 1998-11-24 Asahi Kogaki Kogo Kabushiki Kaisha Camera with lens barrier apparatus
US5971630A (en) * 1996-01-26 1999-10-26 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Camera with lens barrier apparatus
US5999748A (en) * 1996-01-26 1999-12-07 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Camera with lens barrier apparatus
US6036377A (en) * 1996-01-26 2000-03-14 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Camera with lens barrier apparatus
US6160962A (en) * 1996-01-26 2000-12-12 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kaisha Camera with lens barrier apparatus

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE2841606B1 (en) 1979-08-30
JPS5545090A (en) 1980-03-29
FR2437010A1 (en) 1980-04-18
GB2030714B (en) 1982-02-10

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