GB1579977A - Mammometer - Google Patents

Mammometer Download PDF

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Publication number
GB1579977A
GB1579977A GB2760877A GB2760877A GB1579977A GB 1579977 A GB1579977 A GB 1579977A GB 2760877 A GB2760877 A GB 2760877A GB 2760877 A GB2760877 A GB 2760877A GB 1579977 A GB1579977 A GB 1579977A
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GB
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Prior art keywords
apertures
series
marks
lines
equilateral triangle
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB2760877A
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Dow Silicones Corp
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Dow Silicones Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/43Detecting, measuring or recording for evaluating the reproductive systems
    • A61B5/4306Detecting, measuring or recording for evaluating the reproductive systems for evaluating the female reproductive systems, e.g. gynaecological evaluations
    • A61B5/4312Breast evaluation or disorder diagnosis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41HAPPLIANCES OR METHODS FOR MAKING CLOTHES, e.g. FOR DRESS-MAKING, FOR TAILORING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A41H1/00Measuring aids or methods
    • A41H1/02Devices for taking measurements on the human body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/103Detecting, measuring or recording devices for testing the shape, pattern, colour, size or movement of the body or parts thereof, for diagnostic purposes
    • A61B5/107Measuring physical dimensions, e.g. size of the entire body or parts thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/06Measuring instruments not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/12Mammary prostheses and implants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/50Prostheses not implantable in the body
    • A61F2/5044Designing or manufacturing processes
    • A61F2/5046Designing or manufacturing processes for designing or making customized prostheses, e.g. using templates, finite-element analysis or CAD-CAM techniques
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/50Prostheses not implantable in the body
    • A61F2/52Mammary prostheses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/50Prostheses not implantable in the body
    • A61F2/76Means for assembling, fitting or testing prostheses, e.g. for measuring or balancing, e.g. alignment means
    • A61F2002/7615Measuring means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2250/00Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2250/0058Additional features; Implant or prostheses properties not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2250/0091Additional features; Implant or prostheses properties not otherwise provided for transparent or translucent

Description

(54) MAMMOMETER (71) We, Dow CORNING CORPORATION, of Midland, Michigan, United States of America, a corporation organised under the laws of the State of Michigan, United States of America, do hereby declare the invention for which we pray that a patent may be granted to us, and the method by which it is to be performed, to be particularly described in and by the following statement: This invention relates to an article for making measurements of and relative to the mammary gland or breast.

Heretofore in the various kinds of breast surgeries, ranging from reconstruction, to augmentation, correction of asymmetry, reduction mammoplasty and mastoplexy, the surgeon has primarily relied on his visual skills in making measuremental decisions with regard to the surgery to be performed.

We have sought to provide an article which is useful for making measurements of and relative to the mammary gland or breast and which is useful in the selection of the appropriate sized mammary prosthetic devices.

We have further sought to provide an article which is useful to surgeons in the location and placement of guideline marks for breast surgery and which will be useful to surgeons in various surgical procedures to provide patients with virtually indentical and symmetrically located breasts.

In addition we have attempted to provide an article which a fitter of external prostheses and foundation garments would find useful when fitting women who have undergone unilaterial or bilateral mastectomies.

The present invention provides an article of manufacture useful for making measurements of and relative to mammary glands, said article comprising a planar substrate of a transparent, substantially inelastic material, said planar substrate comprising distinct scales adapted to fulfil different measuring or locating functions and including: (A) means for measuring distances with respect to a line running from the sternal notch to the umbilicus; (B) means for measuring the distance from the sternal notch and/or the umbilicus to the nipple; (C) means for measuring the size of mamary glands relative to standard brassiere cup sizes; (D) means for measuring the distance from the nipple to the inframammary fold relative to mammary glands of typical sizes; (E) means for measuring distances con centrically from the nipple, which means is also useful for measuring and selecting the appropriate size mammary prosthesis; and (F) means for locating and assisting in placing guideline marks preparatory to surgery on a mammary gland.

The accompanying drawing illustrates, in a plan view, one embodiment of a mammometer according to the invention. The illustration is drawn to approximately one-half scale. The mammometer 50 is basically a flat or planar substrate preferably made of a clear or transparent, substantially inelastic material such as glass or a plastic, and while the mammometer shown in the drawing is circular in shape, it can also be square, rectangular, triangular, eliptical or some other geometrical configuration so long as sufficient and proper area is provided for the various measuring means which are described, in the following. While not shown in the drawing, it is contemplated that the article of this invention may be equipped with handles or other means to facilitate holding the device. In addition to or in lieu of such holding means, means may be provided for placing and holding the device in some sort of frame.

The measuring means can best be defined from and include an equilateral triangle (shown in part) which is defined in the drawing by vertex angle 51, aperture F and aperture 12.

The equilateral triangle, if drawn to full scale. would be twelve inches long on each side. It is noted that the sides of the equi lateral triangle are not fully drawn in on the drawing, and that the drawing is representative of how and to what extent the various measuring means will be scribed upon the article made in accordance with this invention.

Various references will be made herein with respect to measuring means being "scribed" upon the substrate. By the term "scribed" it is meant that the measuring means is scratched, grooved, etched, silk-screened, printed, painted, moulded, or simply fixed upon the substrate in the manner and relationships indicated to facilitate the measurements to be made.

There is a linear line or mark 52 scribed upon the substrate which runs from the vertex angle 51 of the equilateral triangle in a direction perpendicular to the base (not shown) of the triangle. The linear mark 52 which is shown in the drawing extends or passes through the base of the triangle to the edge of the mammometer and would be thirty-six centimeters long if drawn to full scale. It is not essential that this linear mark 52 extend to or pass through the base of the triangle, but it is preferable.

Also upon the substrate there is a series of short linear marks 53 which are scribed perpendicular to the linear mark 52. The linear marks 53 extend about equal distance (for appearance's sake) on either side of linear mark 52 and would be spaced one centimetre apart if the drawing were full scale.

It is perhaps worth noting at this point that while measuring units of inches and centimetres are employed in describing the article of this invention, and in the drawing illustrating this invention, it should be obvious to those skilled in the art that other units of measure can be employed. It is believed, however, that the units chosen for purposes of illustration are those which the medical profession would prefer to use.

In use, by placing vertex angle 51 at the sternal notch of the patient with linear mark 52 running from that point towards the umbilicus, that is, with linear mark 52 coinciding with the sternal line, it is possible to make measurements, particularly with regard to symmetry, of the mammary glands with respect to these reference points.

Along the right side 54 of the equilateral triangle a series of apertures are placed which enable the doctor to measure the distance from the sternal notch and/or the umbilicus to the nipple of the breast, depending upon whether the vertex angle 51 is placed at the sternal notch or umbilicus when making the measurement. In the drawing a series of seven such apertures are shown for purposes of illustration being numbered 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 respectively. If the drawing werer full scale, these apertures would begin with number 6 located at the midpoint of right side 54 at a distance of six inches from vertex angle 51 and be spaced one inch apart with aperture 12 being the last of the series located at the right base angle of the equilateral triangle.

Also along the right side 54 of the equilateral triangle is another series of apertures 55 which are shown in the drawing to be located between vertex angle 51 and aperture 6. For the purposes of illustration thirteen such apertures are shown which are smaller in size than apertures 6 through 12.

This is advantageous in distinguishing between the two sets of apertures along side 54, but it is possible to make all the apertures of the same or different size if so desired. Likewise, while the apertures in the drawing are shown to be round or circular, a preferred embodiment from a manufacturing consideration, the apertures can be made in other configurations or shapes. Furthermore, it should be obvious that the numbers of the various apertures illustrated in the drawing can be increased or decreased to meet individual preferences or needs. In the drawing, on a full scale basis, the first apertures 55 is located one centimetre from the midpoint of right side 54 and then the remaining apertures of the series 55 are placed or located at one-half centimetre intervals towards the vertex angle 51.

The mammometer 50 further comprises a series of apertures 56 lying in a line to the right of and perpendicular to the midpoint of right side 54 of the equilateral triangle.

Twelve of these apertures are illustrated in the drawing, the first of which on a full scale basis is located one and one-half centimetre from the midpoint of right side 54, the remainder of apertures 56 being placed at one-half centimetre intervals.

The mammometer 50 further contains a series of apertures 57 lying in a line to the left of and perpendicular to the midpoint of right side 54 of the equilateral triangle.

Six of these apertures are illustrated in the drawing, the first of which on a full scale basis is located one and one-half centimetres from the midpoint of right side 54, the remainder of apertures 57 being placed at one centimetre intervals.

Employing the midpoint of the right side 54 of the equilateral triangle as the centre, a series arcs 58 are scribed between apertures 55 and apertures 56. On an alternating basis, in the drawing, extensions 59 of these arcs are scribed into quadrants to the left and right of the quadrant defined by the lines of apertures 55 and 56.

In the quadrant opposite the quadrant defined by the lines of apertures 55 and 56, mammometer 50 contains a series of apertures 60 in the shape of trapazoidal arcs.

Six such apertures 60 are illustrated in the drawing, and on a full scale basis the apertures 60 would be one-half centimetre in width and spaced one-half centimeter apart.

It can be seen from the drawing that in the preferred embodiment of the invention apertures 60 increase in length as one moves along a line (not shown) from the midpoint of right side 54 of equilateral triangle running perpendicularly and outwardly through the midpoints of the trapazoidal arcs.

In the drawing there is illustrated a series of lines 61 which are parallel to right side 54 of the equilateral triangle, said lines 61 being one centimetre apart on a full scale basis. It is noted that if parallel lines 61 were extended they would intersect with the numbers placed at the points between apertures 57.

In one illustrative use the mammometer 50 is placed over the breast with aperture 6 centred over the nipple. Then with the aid of apertures 55, 56, and/or 57; and with the aid of arcs 58 and/or 59; and with the use of the numbers between apertures 57; and with the use of parallel lines 61; one can measure not only the size of the existing breast, but also can make measurements useful in selecting internal or external prosthetic mammary devices. It is noted that in the article illustrated that the numbers (scale) between apertures 57 and the scale for parallel lines 61 are twice the actual measurement made thus giving the doctor an instant reading of the diameter of the breast. Obviously, the true measurement scale (or some other scale) could be used if so desired.

The apertures 55, 56, 57 and 60 also provide the doctor or surgeon with ready means for accurately placing reference marks and lines on the patient's breast. These marks and lines are useful, for example, in various aspects of surgical procedures such as deciding where to make the incisions, the size of the incisions, and how large a surgical pocket to create for the prosthetic device in the case of implants.

Along side 62 of the equilateral triangle a series of apertures are placed. In the drawing seven such apertures are shown which are labeled AA, A, B, C, D, E, and F. Of these apertures, AA is located at the midpoint of left side 62 and aperture F is located at the left base angle of the equilateral triangle. If the drawing were full scale, aperture AA would be six inches from vertex angle 51 and each succeeding aperture would be one inch apart. This series of apertures is labeled aliphabetically in the manner indicated to conform to standard brassiere cup sizes for reasons which will be more fully explained later.

Using apertures AA, A, B, C, D, E, and F as focal points, there is scribed upon mammometer 50 a series of eliptical-like marks 63 which in use define the parameters of a typical mammary gland or breast which corresponds to the aperture scale serving as the focal point. In the drawing, just to the right of the eliptical-like marks 63 is a width scale which sets forth in inches and centimeters the typical width of a mammary gland of each size heretofore noted as measured by a line only partially shown) running parallel to the base of the equilateral triangle and through the apertures AA through F along the left side 62 of the triangle. This particular scale, while optional, illustrates the fact that a multiscale system can be used if one so desires.

Mammometer 50 also has a series of lines or marks 64 which run in a direction perpendicular to the base of the equilateral triangle. Lines or marks 64 begin at the apertures AA through F and, so far as physically possible, terminate at the corresponding eliptical-like mark 63. In the drawing, these lines 64 are dotted in nature and have the corresponding aperture letter(s) placed beside them. These lines 64 define typical distances from the centre of the nipple of the breast to the inframammary fold.

During use of mammometer 50, apertures AA through F, eliptical-like marks 63 and lines 64 are employed by the doctor, surgeon or foundation garment fitter not only to make the appropriate measurements of the existing breasts but also in the selection of the appropriate internal or external prosthetic devices where that is indicated, and in making the necessary measurements relevant to breast surgery, or matching for fitting of an external breast prosthesis.

WHAT WE CLAIM IS:- 1. An article of manufacture useful for making measurements of and relative to mammary glands, said article comprising a planar substrate of a transparent substantially inelastic material, said planar substrate comprising distinct scales adapted to fulfil different measuring or locating functions and including: (A) means for measuring distances with respect to a line running from the sternal notch to the umbilicus; (B) means for measuring the distance from the sternal notch and/or the umbilicus to the nipple; (C) means for measuring the size of mamary glands relative to standard brassiere cup sizes; (D) means for measuring the distance from the nipple to the inframammary fold relative to mammary glands of typical sizes; (E) means for measuring distances con centrically from the nipple, which means is also useful for measuring and selecting the appropriate size mammary prosthesis; and

**WARNING** end of DESC field may overlap start of CLMS **.

Claims (4)

**WARNING** start of CLMS field may overlap end of DESC **. drawing, and on a full scale basis the apertures 60 would be one-half centimetre in width and spaced one-half centimeter apart. It can be seen from the drawing that in the preferred embodiment of the invention apertures 60 increase in length as one moves along a line (not shown) from the midpoint of right side 54 of equilateral triangle running perpendicularly and outwardly through the midpoints of the trapazoidal arcs. In the drawing there is illustrated a series of lines 61 which are parallel to right side 54 of the equilateral triangle, said lines 61 being one centimetre apart on a full scale basis. It is noted that if parallel lines 61 were extended they would intersect with the numbers placed at the points between apertures 57. In one illustrative use the mammometer 50 is placed over the breast with aperture 6 centred over the nipple. Then with the aid of apertures 55, 56, and/or 57; and with the aid of arcs 58 and/or 59; and with the use of the numbers between apertures 57; and with the use of parallel lines 61; one can measure not only the size of the existing breast, but also can make measurements useful in selecting internal or external prosthetic mammary devices. It is noted that in the article illustrated that the numbers (scale) between apertures 57 and the scale for parallel lines 61 are twice the actual measurement made thus giving the doctor an instant reading of the diameter of the breast. Obviously, the true measurement scale (or some other scale) could be used if so desired. The apertures 55, 56, 57 and 60 also provide the doctor or surgeon with ready means for accurately placing reference marks and lines on the patient's breast. These marks and lines are useful, for example, in various aspects of surgical procedures such as deciding where to make the incisions, the size of the incisions, and how large a surgical pocket to create for the prosthetic device in the case of implants. Along side 62 of the equilateral triangle a series of apertures are placed. In the drawing seven such apertures are shown which are labeled AA, A, B, C, D, E, and F. Of these apertures, AA is located at the midpoint of left side 62 and aperture F is located at the left base angle of the equilateral triangle. If the drawing were full scale, aperture AA would be six inches from vertex angle 51 and each succeeding aperture would be one inch apart. This series of apertures is labeled aliphabetically in the manner indicated to conform to standard brassiere cup sizes for reasons which will be more fully explained later. Using apertures AA, A, B, C, D, E, and F as focal points, there is scribed upon mammometer 50 a series of eliptical-like marks 63 which in use define the parameters of a typical mammary gland or breast which corresponds to the aperture scale serving as the focal point. In the drawing, just to the right of the eliptical-like marks 63 is a width scale which sets forth in inches and centimeters the typical width of a mammary gland of each size heretofore noted as measured by a line only partially shown) running parallel to the base of the equilateral triangle and through the apertures AA through F along the left side 62 of the triangle. This particular scale, while optional, illustrates the fact that a multiscale system can be used if one so desires. Mammometer 50 also has a series of lines or marks 64 which run in a direction perpendicular to the base of the equilateral triangle. Lines or marks 64 begin at the apertures AA through F and, so far as physically possible, terminate at the corresponding eliptical-like mark 63. In the drawing, these lines 64 are dotted in nature and have the corresponding aperture letter(s) placed beside them. These lines 64 define typical distances from the centre of the nipple of the breast to the inframammary fold. During use of mammometer 50, apertures AA through F, eliptical-like marks 63 and lines 64 are employed by the doctor, surgeon or foundation garment fitter not only to make the appropriate measurements of the existing breasts but also in the selection of the appropriate internal or external prosthetic devices where that is indicated, and in making the necessary measurements relevant to breast surgery, or matching for fitting of an external breast prosthesis. WHAT WE CLAIM IS:-
1. An article of manufacture useful for making measurements of and relative to mammary glands, said article comprising a planar substrate of a transparent substantially inelastic material, said planar substrate comprising distinct scales adapted to fulfil different measuring or locating functions and including: (A) means for measuring distances with respect to a line running from the sternal notch to the umbilicus; (B) means for measuring the distance from the sternal notch and/or the umbilicus to the nipple; (C) means for measuring the size of mamary glands relative to standard brassiere cup sizes; (D) means for measuring the distance from the nipple to the inframammary fold relative to mammary glands of typical sizes; (E) means for measuring distances con centrically from the nipple, which means is also useful for measuring and selecting the appropriate size mammary prosthesis; and
(F) means for locating and assisting in placing guideline marks preparatory to surgery on a mammary gland.
2. An article as claimed in claim 1, wherein (A) consists essentially of a series of linear marks; (B) consists essentially of a linear series of apertures; (C) consists essentially of a linear series of apertures; each of these apertures serving as the centre for an eliptical like mark; (D) consists essentially of a series of parallel linear marks originating at apertures (C); (E) consists essentially of a series of con centric marks; and (F) consists essentially of two linear series of apertures which series are perpen dicular to one another, and a series of apertures in the shape of trapa zoidal arcs, and all marks referred to hereinabove being scratched, grooved, etched, or moulded into or upon the planar substrate.
3. An article of manufacture useful for making measurements of and relative to mammary glands, which article comprises a planar substrate of a transparent, substantially inelastic material, there being located on the substrate distinct scales adapted to fulfil different measuring or locating functions, said scales being placed on said substrate with reference to the sides of an equilateral triangle whose sides are each twelve inches in length, and the scales including: (A) a linear mark scribed rfom the vertex angle of the equilateral triangle, per pendicular to the base of the triangle, and passing through the base of the triangle, this linear mark being about thirty-six centimeters long; (B) short linear marks scribed perpendi cular to mark (A) and which extend approximately equal distances on either side of (A), these short linear marks being spaced one centimetre apart beginning from the vertex angle of the equilaterial triangle; (C) a series of seven apertures spaced one inch apart along the right and left sides of the equilateral triangle, begin ning at the midpoint of these sides and terminating at the base angles of the triangle; (D) eliptical-like marks scribed around said focal points which define the parameters of typical mammary glands, with the apertures (C) along the left side of the equilateral triangle serving as the focal points at the centre of the nipple of the mammary gland, and beginning with the aper ture at the midpoint of the left side of the triangle serving as the focal point for an AA size mammary gland and then proceeding towards the base angle allowing the succeeding aper tures to serve as the focal points of A, B, C, D, E and F size mammary glands respectively; (E) scribed lines to one side of the eliptical-like marks (D) defining the width of a typical mammary gland of each size heretofore noted, the lines running parallel to the base of the equilateral triangle and through the centre of apertures (C) along the left side of the triangle, and terminat ing on each end where the lines inter sect eliptical-like marks (D); (F) scribed lines from the apertures (C) along the left side of the equilateral triangle to the bottom of the cor responding eliptical-like marks (D), these lines running in a direction perpendicular to the base of the triangle and being a measure of the distance from the centre of the nipple to the inframammary fold for typical mammary glands of the heretofore indicated sizes; (G) a series of thirteen apertures arranged along the right side of the equilateral triangle, beginning one centimetre from the midpoint of the side and running towards the vertex angle at intervals of one-half centimetre; (H) a series of twelve apertures in a line to the right of and perpendicular to the midpoint of the right side of the equilateral triangle, these apertures beginning one and one-half centi metres from the midpoint of the right side and being spaced one-half centi metre apart; (I) a series of six apertures in a line to the left of and perpendicular to the midpoint of the right side of the equilateral triangle, these apertures beginning one and one-half centi metres from the midpoint of the right side and being spaced one centimetre apart; (J) scribed arcs arranged such that the midpoint of the right side of the equilateral triangle is the centre of a series of concentric circles, the arcs being scribed between each aperture of (G) and (H) and being extended with respect to alternate sets of aper tures into the quadrants to the left and right of the quadrant defined by apertures (G) and (H); (K) a series of six apertures arranged in the quadrant opposite to the quadrant defined by apertures (G) and (H), the apertures being in the shape of trapa zoidal arcs which are one-half centi metre apart and all being one-half centimetre in width but of increasing length as one moves along a line from the midpoint of the right side of the equilateral triangle running perpendi- cularly and outwardly through the midpoints of the trapazoidal arcs; and (L) a series of lines one centimetre apart scribed parallel to the right side of the equilateral triangle.
4. An article substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying drawing.
GB2760877A 1976-07-06 1977-07-01 Mammometer Expired GB1579977A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US70265776 true 1976-07-06 1976-07-06

Publications (1)

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GB1579977A true true GB1579977A (en) 1980-11-26

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ID=24822119

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB2760877A Expired GB1579977A (en) 1976-07-06 1977-07-01 Mammometer

Country Status (4)

Country Link
JP (1) JPS576931B2 (en)
DE (1) DE2729853C3 (en)
FR (1) FR2357227B1 (en)
GB (1) GB1579977A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2164447A (en) * 1984-09-12 1986-03-19 Mary Francis Stapleton Medical measuring gauge
WO2014188044A1 (en) * 2013-05-24 2014-11-27 Servicio Andaluz De Salud Device for measuring breast movement
GB2497475B (en) * 2010-10-01 2017-04-19 Cook Biotech Incorporated Kits for tissue reconstruction

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3417609A1 (en) * 1984-05-11 1985-11-14 Link Waldemar Gmbh Co An arrangement for producing an anatomically appropriate endoprosthesis

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2164447A (en) * 1984-09-12 1986-03-19 Mary Francis Stapleton Medical measuring gauge
GB2497475B (en) * 2010-10-01 2017-04-19 Cook Biotech Incorporated Kits for tissue reconstruction
WO2014188044A1 (en) * 2013-05-24 2014-11-27 Servicio Andaluz De Salud Device for measuring breast movement

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JPS576931B2 (en) 1982-02-08 grant
DE2729853C3 (en) 1980-06-12 grant
FR2357227B1 (en) 1981-08-07 grant
FR2357227A1 (en) 1978-02-03 application
JPS535887A (en) 1978-01-19 application
DE2729853A1 (en) 1978-01-12 application
DE2729853B2 (en) 1979-10-04 application

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