GB1253581A - Improvements in processes and apparatus for making steel - Google Patents

Improvements in processes and apparatus for making steel

Info

Publication number
GB1253581A
GB1253581A GB906969A GB906969A GB1253581A GB 1253581 A GB1253581 A GB 1253581A GB 906969 A GB906969 A GB 906969A GB 906969 A GB906969 A GB 906969A GB 1253581 A GB1253581 A GB 1253581A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
converter
nozzles
bottom
oxygen
feb
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB906969A
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Eisenwerke Gesellschaft Maximilianshutte mbH
Original Assignee
Eisenwerke Gesellschaft Maximilianshutte mbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE1583968 priority Critical
Priority to DE1758816 priority
Priority to DE19691901563 priority patent/DE1901563A1/en
Priority to DE19691904383 priority patent/DE1904383C3/de
Priority to DE19691904382 priority patent/DE1904382A1/en
Application filed by Eisenwerke Gesellschaft Maximilianshutte mbH filed Critical Eisenwerke Gesellschaft Maximilianshutte mbH
Publication of GB1253581A publication Critical patent/GB1253581A/en
Application status is Expired legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C21METALLURGY OF IRON
    • C21CPROCESSING OF PIG-IRON, e.g. REFINING, MANUFACTURE OF WROUGHT-IRON OR STEEL; TREATMENT IN MOLTEN STATE OF FERROUS ALLOYS
    • C21C5/00Manufacture of carbon-steel, e.g. plain mild steel, medium carbon steel or cast steel or stainless steel
    • C21C5/28Manufacture of steel in the converter
    • C21C5/30Regulating or controlling the blowing
    • C21C5/34Blowing through the bath
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C21METALLURGY OF IRON
    • C21CPROCESSING OF PIG-IRON, e.g. REFINING, MANUFACTURE OF WROUGHT-IRON OR STEEL; TREATMENT IN MOLTEN STATE OF FERROUS ALLOYS
    • C21C5/00Manufacture of carbon-steel, e.g. plain mild steel, medium carbon steel or cast steel or stainless steel
    • C21C5/28Manufacture of steel in the converter
    • C21C5/42Constructional features of converters
    • C21C5/46Details or accessories
    • C21C5/48Bottoms or tuyéres of converters

Abstract

1,253,581. Metallurgical converters. EISENWERK - GESELLSCHAFT MAXIMILIANSHUTTE m.b.H. 19 Feb., 1969 [24 Feb., 1968; 13 Aug., 1968; 14 Jan., 1969; 30 Jan., 1969 (2)], No. 9069/69. Heading F4B. [Also in Division C7] A steelmaking converter is provided with a removable bottom having blowing nozzles each of which is constructed to blow in a jet of oxygen surrounded by a sheath of shielding gas, a part of the converter bottom being free of nozzles. The latter may all be located in one half of the bottom, may be arranged in groups, or may, in a converter of circular cross-section be all located on a diameter, preferably parallel to the tilting axis. One or more of the nozzles may be inclined at an angle to the longitudinal axis of the converter and may be used to assist in discharging slag. Each nozzle may consist of an oxygen pipe surrounded by a pipe for sheath gas, the two pipes being separated by spacers such as a wire helix, spacer ribs, or sintered metal or refractory. The diameter of each oxygen pipe is preferably not more than 1/35 of the depth of metal in the converter, while the total nozzle cross-sectional area in sq. cm. should substantially equal the capacity of the converter in metric tonnes.
GB906969A 1968-02-24 1969-02-19 Improvements in processes and apparatus for making steel Expired GB1253581A (en)

Priority Applications (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1583968 1968-02-24
DE1758816 1968-08-13
DE19691901563 DE1901563A1 (en) 1968-08-13 1969-01-14 A method of refining of pig iron into steel
DE19691904383 DE1904383C3 (en) 1968-02-24 1969-01-30
DE19691904382 DE1904382A1 (en) 1968-02-24 1969-01-30 Process and converter for refining pig iron

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB1253581A true GB1253581A (en) 1971-11-17

Family

ID=27509900

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB906969A Expired GB1253581A (en) 1968-02-24 1969-02-19 Improvements in processes and apparatus for making steel

Country Status (10)

Country Link
US (1) US3706549A (en)
AT (1) AT315216B (en)
BE (1) BE728859A (en)
CA (1) CA934165A (en)
DD (2) DD122105A5 (en)
FR (1) FR2002577B1 (en)
GB (1) GB1253581A (en)
LU (1) LU58073A1 (en)
NL (1) NL155051B (en)
SE (1) SE355197B (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4225341A (en) * 1978-03-29 1980-09-30 Centre De Recherches Metallurgiques-Centrum Voor Research In De Metallurgie Refining iron in a converter
EP0045658A1 (en) * 1980-08-06 1982-02-10 British Steel Corporation Gas inlet orifice monitoring
GB2277142A (en) * 1993-04-13 1994-10-19 Sanderson Kayser Limited Treating molten metals with gases

Families Citing this family (98)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1277083A (en) * 1968-06-25 1972-06-07 Columbia Gas Syst Improvements in method for refining solid ferrous metal to steel
LU60723A1 (en) * 1969-04-16 1970-06-15
BE752893A (en) * 1969-07-08 1970-12-16 Forges De La Loire St Chamond Method and device for cooling a refining converter tuyere
US3779534A (en) * 1969-07-08 1973-12-18 Creusot Loire Device for cooling a tuyere of a refining converter
BE735889A (en) * 1969-07-09 1970-01-09
BE741203A (en) * 1969-11-03 1970-05-04
DE1965057B1 (en) * 1969-12-27 1972-05-04 Maximilianshuette Eisenwerk Converter for refining pig iron
US3865579A (en) * 1970-01-05 1975-02-11 Koppers Co Inc Method and apparatus for the production of steel
DE2007373B2 (en) * 1970-02-18 1973-05-03 Method and convertor ferritic for the manufacture chromstaehle
BE747966A (en) * 1970-03-25 1970-09-25 Centre Rech Metallurgique Improvements to processes and refining of the iron devices.
LU62356A1 (en) * 1971-01-04 1972-08-23
DE2117714B2 (en) * 1971-04-10 1976-10-14 for cooling injection lances procedure of oxygen in industrial
BE781241A (en) * 1971-05-28 1972-07-17 Creusot Loire Method for refining alloy steel containing chromium and more specially stainless steels
FR2182633B2 (en) * 1971-07-29 1974-11-08 Creusot Loire
US3804393A (en) * 1971-08-09 1974-04-16 Pennsylvania Engineering Corp Steel conversion apparatus
BE788512A (en) * 1971-09-21 1973-01-02 Creusot Loire Method for protection of a refining converter tuyere
US4047707A (en) * 1972-10-03 1977-09-13 Eisenwerk-Gesellschaft Maximilianshutte Mbh Process and converter for refining liquid metals
BE789083A (en) * 1971-10-06 1973-01-15 Uddeholms Ab A method of reducing the carbon content in metallurgical products
BE774886A (en) * 1971-11-03 1972-05-03 Centre Rech Metallurgique Method for steel melting conversion.
DE2161000C3 (en) * 1971-12-09 1975-04-17 Eisenwerk-Gesellschaft Maximilianshuette Mbh, 8458 Sulzbach-Rosenberg
US3851866A (en) * 1971-12-09 1974-12-03 H Knuppel Process and a device for even distribution and alternating supply of liquid and gaseous protective media for the refining gas tuyeres of a converter
US3908969A (en) * 1971-12-20 1975-09-30 Pennsylvania Engineering Corp Method and apparatus for air pollution control combined with safe recovery and control of gases from a bottom-blown steel converter vessel
US3839017A (en) * 1972-01-04 1974-10-01 Pennsylvania Engineering Corp Apparatus and method for converting impure ferrous metal to steel
DE2200413B2 (en) * 1972-01-05 1977-03-17 Frischgefaess
US4165980A (en) * 1972-01-13 1979-08-28 Gfe Gesellschaft Fur Elektrometallurgie Mit Beschrankter Haftung Method of rapidly decarburizing ferro- alloys with oxygen
US3791814A (en) * 1972-02-22 1974-02-12 Centre Rech Metallurgique Process for oxygen refining of pig iron
US3920447A (en) * 1972-02-28 1975-11-18 Pennsylvania Engineering Corp Steel production method
US3905589A (en) * 1972-03-27 1975-09-16 Pennsylvania Engineering Corp Steel production method and apparatus
US3796420A (en) * 1972-03-30 1974-03-12 Pennsylvania Engineering Corp Steel conversion apparatus
BE782186A (en) * 1972-04-14 1972-04-28 Centre Rech Metallurgique Method for smelting refining.
US3990890A (en) * 1972-05-17 1976-11-09 Creusot-Loire Process for refining molten copper matte with an enriched oxygen blow
US3895785A (en) * 1972-08-01 1975-07-22 United States Steel Corp Method and apparatus for controlling the operation of a steel refining converter
US3841617A (en) * 1972-08-18 1974-10-15 Pennsylvania Engineering Corp Adjustable tuyere for metallurgical vessels
US3907549A (en) * 1972-08-29 1975-09-23 United States Steel Corp Method of refining in improved Q-BOP vessel
US3802684A (en) * 1972-08-29 1974-04-09 Steel Corp Tuyere construction
US3802685A (en) * 1972-08-29 1974-04-09 Steel Corp Q-bop vessel construction
DE2349196A1 (en) * 1972-10-06 1974-04-18 Uddeholms Ab A method of decarburizing chromium rich steel
US3867136A (en) * 1972-10-06 1975-02-18 Uddeholms Ab Decarburisation of chromium containing iron, cobalt or nickel based alloys
CA978366A (en) * 1972-10-13 1975-11-25 Sydney Steel Corporation Operation of a blast furnace
CA978352A (en) * 1972-10-25 1975-11-25 William Wells Tapping of a blast furnace
US3859078A (en) * 1972-10-30 1975-01-07 Sydney Steel Corp Method of operating a basic open hearth furnace
US3902889A (en) * 1972-11-30 1975-09-02 United States Steel Corp Electric arc melting furnace
US3819165A (en) * 1972-12-08 1974-06-25 Maximilianshuette Eisenwerk Device for blowing-in oxygen through the refractory lining of a metallurgical converter
FR2216362B1 (en) * 1973-02-07 1975-10-31 Creusot Loire
AT337736B (en) * 1973-02-12 1977-07-11 Voest Ag Method for fresh of pig iron
US3951643A (en) * 1973-02-26 1976-04-20 Pennsylvania Engineering Corporation Steel production method
DE2310776B2 (en) * 1973-03-03 1975-10-16 Eisenwerk-Gesellschaft Maximilianshuette Mbh, 8458 Sulzbach-Rosenberg
US4196159A (en) * 1973-03-07 1980-04-01 Eisenwerk-Gesellschaft Maximilianshutte Mbh. Process for increasing the life of the refractory masonry of metallurgical vessels
US3873074A (en) * 1973-03-26 1975-03-25 Berry Metal Co Converter-bottom for bottom-blow steel making process
US3898078A (en) * 1973-03-29 1975-08-05 Youngstown Sheet And Tube Co Method and apparatus for injecting refining oxygen in steelmaking processes
DE2316110A1 (en) * 1973-03-30 1974-04-11
DE2316768B2 (en) * 1973-04-04 1977-03-03 A method of refining of metals, particularly cast iron, and apparatus for carrying out the method
US3912243A (en) * 1973-04-04 1975-10-14 Berry Metal Co Apparatus and process for refining hot metal to steel
DE2326754C3 (en) * 1973-05-25 1978-04-20 Eisenwerk-Gesellschaft Maximilianshuette Mbh, 8458 Sulzbach-Rosenberg
US3891429A (en) * 1973-06-07 1975-06-24 Koppers Co Inc Method for selective decarburization of alloy steels
US3897048A (en) * 1973-06-15 1975-07-29 Pennsylvania Engineering Corp Metallurgical vessel and method of operating same
US3868096A (en) * 1973-06-21 1975-02-25 Pennsylvania Engineering Corp Tuyere support means for metallurgical vessels
US3873073A (en) * 1973-06-25 1975-03-25 Pennsylvania Engineering Corp Apparatus for processing molten metal
US3861888A (en) * 1973-06-28 1975-01-21 Union Carbide Corp Use of CO{HD 2 {B in argon-oxygen refining of molten metal
BE802163A (en) * 1973-07-10 1973-11-05 Centre Rech Metallurgique Improvements to pneumatic refining processes of melting the bottom of a CONVERTER.
US4045215A (en) * 1973-07-16 1977-08-30 Creusot-Loire Method of refining mattes containing nickel
DE2404288A1 (en) * 1974-01-30 1975-07-31 Baum Verfahrenstechnik A process for the recovery of oxygen by means of reactive gas gasoline from pure ground and blown with hydrocarbons cooled steel converters and apparatus
FR2267376B1 (en) * 1974-04-11 1977-06-24 Creusot Loire
DE2438142B2 (en) * 1974-08-08 1976-12-23 for introducing nozzle from the reaction gas
US3930843A (en) * 1974-08-30 1976-01-06 United States Steel Corporation Method for increasing metallic yield in bottom blown processes
DE2538159C2 (en) * 1974-08-30 1984-08-09 Uss Engineers And Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, Pa., Us
FR2291287B2 (en) * 1974-11-13 1978-12-01 Creusot Loire
US4138098A (en) * 1975-08-14 1979-02-06 Creusot-Loire Method of blowing smelting shaft furnaces and tuyeres used for said blowing
US3985550A (en) * 1975-01-23 1976-10-12 United States Steel Corporation Method of producing low sulfur steel
DE2504946C2 (en) * 1975-02-06 1980-04-30 Kloeckner-Werke Ag, 4100 Duisburg
DE2507961C3 (en) * 1975-02-25 1978-07-20 Eisenwerk-Gesellschaft Maximilianshuette Mbh, 8458 Sulzbach-Rosenberg
US4004920A (en) * 1975-05-05 1977-01-25 United States Steel Corporation Method of producing low nitrogen steel
FR2349655B1 (en) * 1976-04-28 1978-08-25 Creusot Loire
ZA7705918B (en) * 1977-01-11 1978-05-30 Nat Steel Corp The use of orgon to prepare low-carbon,low-nitrogen steels in the basic oxygen process
US4208206A (en) * 1977-03-31 1980-06-17 Union Carbide Corporation Method for producing improved metal castings by pneumatically refining the melt
NO157606C (en) * 1977-03-31 1988-04-20 Union Carbide Corp A process for preparing sluttproduktstoepegods chromium-nick-el-steel.
US4198230A (en) * 1977-05-04 1980-04-15 Eisenwerk-Gesellschaft Maximilianshutte Mbh Steelmaking process
US4123259A (en) * 1977-05-20 1978-10-31 Eisenwerk-Gesellschaft Maximilianshutte Mbh Method for supplying thermal energy to steel melts
DE2737832C3 (en) * 1977-08-22 1980-05-22 Fried. Krupp Huettenwerke Ag, 4630 Bochum
US4139368A (en) * 1977-10-11 1979-02-13 Pennsylvania Engineering Corporation Metallurgical method
FR2414559B1 (en) * 1978-01-17 1980-08-22 Creusot Loire
US4174212A (en) * 1978-03-10 1979-11-13 A. Finkl & Sons Co. Method for the refining of steel
DE2825851C2 (en) * 1978-06-13 1980-08-21 Maximilianshuette Eisenwerk
DE2845004C2 (en) * 1978-10-16 1980-12-11 Mannesmann Demag Ag, 4100 Duisburg
DE2924761A1 (en) * 1979-06-20 1981-01-22 Kloeckner Humboldt Deutz Ag A method and apparatus for generating a convective system reaction between a reaction medium and a molten
FR2473064B1 (en) * 1980-01-02 1983-11-10 Siderurgie Fse Inst Rech
JPS5873732A (en) * 1981-10-26 1983-05-04 Nippon Steel Corp Refining method of metal
JPS6156288B2 (en) * 1982-02-26 1986-12-02 Kawasaki Steel Co
US4436287A (en) * 1982-07-12 1984-03-13 Kawasaki Steel Corporation Method for protecting tuyeres for refining a molten iron
US4780133A (en) * 1986-11-10 1988-10-25 Lazcano Navarro Arturo Process to improve the refining of liquid metals by natural gas injection
AT153245T (en) * 1991-07-29 1997-06-15 Molten Metal Tech Inc A process for the oxidation in a molten bath
AU653294B2 (en) * 1992-08-26 1994-09-22 Nippon Steel Corporation Process for vacuum degassing molten steel
CA2159806C (en) * 1993-04-06 2005-07-05 John Millice Floyd Smelting of carbon-containing material
ES2134871T3 (en) * 1993-05-17 1999-10-16 Danieli Off Mecc Electric arc furnace and method of operation.
US5431709A (en) * 1993-09-21 1995-07-11 Gas Research Institute Accretion controlling tuyere
US5615626A (en) * 1994-10-05 1997-04-01 Ausmelt Limited Processing of municipal and other wastes
CA2273393A1 (en) * 1999-05-31 2000-11-30 Mcmaster University Ladle for enhanced steel vacuum decarburization
US6923843B1 (en) 2001-11-13 2005-08-02 Nupro Corporation Method for oxygen injection in metallurgical process requiring variable oxygen feed rate

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4225341A (en) * 1978-03-29 1980-09-30 Centre De Recherches Metallurgiques-Centrum Voor Research In De Metallurgie Refining iron in a converter
EP0045658A1 (en) * 1980-08-06 1982-02-10 British Steel Corporation Gas inlet orifice monitoring
GB2277142A (en) * 1993-04-13 1994-10-19 Sanderson Kayser Limited Treating molten metals with gases

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DD160233A8 (en) 1983-05-18
NL155051B (en) 1977-11-15
FR2002577A1 (en) 1969-10-17
AT315216B (en) 1974-05-10
US3706549A (en) 1972-12-19
DD122105A5 (en) 1976-09-12
NL6902839A (en) 1969-08-26
FR2002577B1 (en) 1973-11-16
LU58073A1 (en) 1969-06-03
BE728859A (en) 1969-08-01
CA934165A (en) 1973-09-25
SE355197B (en) 1973-04-09
CA934165A1 (en)

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