GB1140757A - Improvements in gas turbine engines - Google Patents

Improvements in gas turbine engines

Info

Publication number
GB1140757A
GB1140757A GB4543166A GB4543166A GB1140757A GB 1140757 A GB1140757 A GB 1140757A GB 4543166 A GB4543166 A GB 4543166A GB 4543166 A GB4543166 A GB 4543166A GB 1140757 A GB1140757 A GB 1140757A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
jacket
zone
boiler
fuel
air
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB4543166A
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Co
Original Assignee
ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US505606A priority Critical patent/US3359723A/en
Application filed by ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Co filed Critical ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Co
Publication of GB1140757A publication Critical patent/GB1140757A/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01KSTEAM ENGINE PLANTS; STEAM ACCUMULATORS; ENGINE PLANTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; ENGINES USING SPECIAL WORKING FLUIDS OR CYCLES
    • F01K21/00Steam engine plants not otherwise provided for
    • F01K21/04Steam engine plants not otherwise provided for using mixtures of steam and gas; Plants generating or heating steam by bringing water or steam into direct contact with hot gas
    • F01K21/047Steam engine plants not otherwise provided for using mixtures of steam and gas; Plants generating or heating steam by bringing water or steam into direct contact with hot gas having at least one combustion gas turbine
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02CGAS-TURBINE PLANTS; AIR INTAKES FOR JET-PROPULSION PLANTS; CONTROLLING FUEL SUPPLY IN AIR-BREATHING JET-PROPULSION PLANTS
    • F02C3/00Gas-turbine plants characterised by the use of combustion products as the working fluid
    • F02C3/20Gas-turbine plants characterised by the use of combustion products as the working fluid using a special fuel, oxidant, or dilution fluid to generate the combustion products
    • F02C3/30Adding water, steam or other fluids for influencing combustion, e.g. to obtain cleaner exhaust gases
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02CGAS-TURBINE PLANTS; AIR INTAKES FOR JET-PROPULSION PLANTS; CONTROLLING FUEL SUPPLY IN AIR-BREATHING JET-PROPULSION PLANTS
    • F02C7/00Features, components parts, details or accessories, not provided for in, or of interest apart form groups F02C1/00 - F02C6/00; Air intakes for jet-propulsion plants
    • F02C7/12Cooling of plants
    • F02C7/16Cooling of plants characterised by cooling medium
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05DINDEXING SCHEME FOR ASPECTS RELATING TO NON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, GAS-TURBINES OR JET-PROPULSION PLANTS
    • F05D2260/00Function
    • F05D2260/20Heat transfer, e.g. cooling
    • F05D2260/232Heat transfer, e.g. cooling characterized by the cooling medium
    • F05D2260/2322Heat transfer, e.g. cooling characterized by the cooling medium steam

Abstract

1,140,757. Preventing corrosion. ESSO RESEARCH & ENG. CO. 11 Oct., 1966 [29 Oct., 1965], No. 45431/66. Heading F4B. [Also in Division F1] To enable a residual petroleum fuel containing a high concentration of sulphur and ash-forming constituents to be used in a gas turbine engine without excessive corrosion and fouling, the fuel is burnt at a high temperature in the primary zone I of the flame tube 40 of the combustion chamber with an amount of primary air which is within the range 0 to 3% excess air. Steam is introduced from a pipe 4 into the space 32 between the flame tube 40 and an inner jacket 50 and, after cooling the walls of the primary zone I, flows through slots or louvres 5 into a secondary zone II to mix with the combustion gases and cool them. Further cooling is provided by secondary air which passes through the space 31 between the inner jacket 50 and an outer jacket 30 and enters a tertiary zone III through apertures or slots 6. The exhaust gases from the turbine 80 are passed through a waste heat boiler 70 to generate the steam. In addition, auxiliary fuel may be burnt for this purpose in a boiler which may be separate from, or a part of, the boiler 70.
GB4543166A 1965-10-29 1966-10-11 Improvements in gas turbine engines Expired GB1140757A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US505606A US3359723A (en) 1965-10-29 1965-10-29 Method of combusting a residual fuel utilizing a two-stage air injection technique and an intermediate steam injection step

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB1140757A true GB1140757A (en) 1969-01-22

Family

ID=24011045

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB4543166A Expired GB1140757A (en) 1965-10-29 1966-10-11 Improvements in gas turbine engines

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US3359723A (en)
DE (1) DE1476765A1 (en)
GB (1) GB1140757A (en)
LU (1) LU52258A1 (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2187273A (en) * 1985-10-31 1987-09-03 Bernard George Ediss A gas turbine binary cycle
EP0278609A2 (en) * 1987-01-30 1988-08-17 Imatran Voima Oy Gas turbine power plant fired by a water-bearing fuel
WO1990000223A1 (en) * 1988-06-30 1990-01-11 Imatran Voima Oy Drying method in a power-plant process and dryer used in the method
GB2228295A (en) * 1988-12-14 1990-08-22 Gen Electric Cooling a turbine engine
US5253432A (en) * 1988-06-30 1993-10-19 Imatran Voima Oy Drying method in a power-plant process and dryer used in the method
EP0851104A1 (en) * 1996-12-27 1998-07-01 Asea Brown Boveri AG Gas turbine with heat recovery steam generator for cooling the combustion chamber, then injecting downstream of the combustion zone
US8813473B2 (en) 2011-09-01 2014-08-26 Rolls-Royce Plc Steam injected gas turbine engine

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US3657879A (en) * 1970-01-26 1972-04-25 Walter J Ewbank Gas-steam engine
CH527360A (en) * 1970-08-12 1972-08-31 Sulzer Ag The method of the method for operating a gas-turbine plant and gas turbine plant for exercising
US3747336A (en) * 1972-03-29 1973-07-24 Gen Electric Steam injection system for a gas turbine
US3785146A (en) * 1972-05-01 1974-01-15 Gen Electric Self compensating flow divider for a gas turbine steam injection system
US3921389A (en) * 1972-10-09 1975-11-25 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Method and apparatus for combustion with the addition of water
JPS59225207A (en) * 1983-06-02 1984-12-18 Akio Tanaka Combustion method and device therefor
US4823546A (en) * 1984-02-07 1989-04-25 International Power Technology Steam-injected free-turbine-type gas turbine
US4899537A (en) * 1984-02-07 1990-02-13 International Power Technology, Inc. Steam-injected free-turbine-type gas turbine
US4569195A (en) * 1984-04-27 1986-02-11 General Electric Company Fluid injection gas turbine engine and method for operating
US4631914A (en) * 1985-02-25 1986-12-30 General Electric Company Gas turbine engine of improved thermal efficiency
US4893467A (en) * 1988-07-13 1990-01-16 Gas Research Institute Control system for use with steam injected gas turbine
US4969324A (en) * 1988-07-13 1990-11-13 Gas Research Institute Control method for use with steam injected gas turbine
US4958488A (en) * 1989-04-17 1990-09-25 General Motors Corporation Combustion system
US5285628A (en) * 1990-01-18 1994-02-15 Donlee Technologies, Inc. Method of combustion and combustion apparatus to minimize Nox and CO emissions from a gas turbine
JP2954972B2 (en) * 1990-04-18 1999-09-27 三菱重工業株式会社 Gasification gas combustion gas turbine power plant
USRE43252E1 (en) 1992-10-27 2012-03-20 Vast Power Portfolio, Llc High efficiency low pollution hybrid Brayton cycle combustor
US5461854A (en) * 1993-07-07 1995-10-31 Griffin, Jr.; Arthur T. Combustor cooling for gas turbine engines
US6176075B1 (en) 1993-07-07 2001-01-23 Arthur T. Griffin, Jr. Combustor cooling for gas turbine engines
US6170264B1 (en) 1997-09-22 2001-01-09 Clean Energy Systems, Inc. Hydrocarbon combustion power generation system with CO2 sequestration
DE19609912A1 (en) * 1996-03-14 1997-09-18 Asea Brown Boveri Process for operating a power plant
JP3276289B2 (en) * 1996-05-13 2002-04-22 三菱重工業株式会社 Gas turbine combustor
DE19751299C2 (en) * 1997-11-19 1999-09-09 Siemens Ag Combustion chamber and method for steam cooling a combustion chamber
US6247316B1 (en) 2000-03-22 2001-06-19 Clean Energy Systems, Inc. Clean air engines for transportation and other power applications
WO2001090548A1 (en) 2000-05-12 2001-11-29 Clean Energy Systems, Inc. Semi-closed brayton cycle gas turbine power systems
US6715294B2 (en) * 2001-01-24 2004-04-06 Drs Power Technology, Inc. Combined open cycle system for thermal energy conversion
US6868677B2 (en) 2001-05-24 2005-03-22 Clean Energy Systems, Inc. Combined fuel cell and fuel combustion power generation systems
US6568187B1 (en) * 2001-12-10 2003-05-27 Power Systems Mfg, Llc Effusion cooled transition duct
US6945029B2 (en) 2002-11-15 2005-09-20 Clean Energy Systems, Inc. Low pollution power generation system with ion transfer membrane air separation
US7021063B2 (en) 2003-03-10 2006-04-04 Clean Energy Systems, Inc. Reheat heat exchanger power generation systems
WO2005100754A2 (en) 2004-04-16 2005-10-27 Clean Energy Systems, Inc. Zero emissions closed rankine cycle power system
US20100154430A1 (en) * 2008-12-22 2010-06-24 Krishan Lal Luthra System and method for operating a gas turbine using vanadium-containing fuels
US9410409B1 (en) * 2009-08-11 2016-08-09 EOR Technology LLC Thermal vapor stream apparatus and method
EP2809905A1 (en) * 2012-01-30 2014-12-10 PowerPHASE LLC Gas turbine energy storage and energy supplementing systems and methods of making and using the same
US9803548B2 (en) 2012-04-02 2017-10-31 Powerphase Llc Gas turbine efficiency and regulation speed improvements using supplementary air system continuous and storage systems and methods of using the same
MX358183B (en) 2012-04-02 2018-08-08 Powerphase Llc Compressed air injection system method and apparatus for gas turbine engines.
WO2014055717A1 (en) 2012-10-04 2014-04-10 Kraft Robert J Aero boost - gas turbine energy supplementing systems and efficient inlet cooling and heating, and methods of making and using the same
US9388737B2 (en) 2012-10-04 2016-07-12 Powerphase Llc Aero boost—gas turbine energy supplementing systems and efficient inlet cooling and heating, and methods of making and using the same
US10480418B2 (en) 2012-10-26 2019-11-19 Powerphase Llc Gas turbine energy supplementing systems and heating systems, and methods of making and using the same
WO2014066276A2 (en) * 2012-10-26 2014-05-01 Kraft Robert J Gas turbine energy supplementing systems and heating systems, and methods of making and using the same
US10215060B2 (en) 2014-11-06 2019-02-26 Powerphase Llc Gas turbine efficiency and power augmentation improvements utilizing heated compressed air
US9777630B2 (en) 2014-11-06 2017-10-03 Powerphase Llc Gas turbine fast regulation and power augmentation using stored air
US10526966B2 (en) 2014-11-06 2020-01-07 Powerphase Llc Gas turbine efficiency and power augmentation improvements utilizing heated compressed air and steam injection

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1988456A (en) * 1930-03-24 1935-01-22 Milo Ab Gas turbine system
FR963507A (en) * 1947-03-21 1950-07-17
US2660032A (en) * 1947-10-04 1953-11-24 Rosenthal Henry Gas turbine cycle employing secondary fuel as a coolant
US2678531A (en) * 1951-02-21 1954-05-18 Chemical Foundation Inc Gas turbine process with addition of steam
US2781635A (en) * 1952-04-26 1957-02-19 Freeport Sulphur Co Process and heating system for providing hot water and power for sulfur mining
US3038308A (en) * 1956-07-16 1962-06-12 Nancy W N Fuller Gas turbine combustion chamber and method
US3238719A (en) * 1963-03-19 1966-03-08 Eric W Harslem Liquid cooled gas turbine engine

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2187273A (en) * 1985-10-31 1987-09-03 Bernard George Ediss A gas turbine binary cycle
GB2187273B (en) * 1985-10-31 1990-01-24 Bernard George Ediss A gas turbine binary cycle
EP0278609A2 (en) * 1987-01-30 1988-08-17 Imatran Voima Oy Gas turbine power plant fired by a water-bearing fuel
EP0278609A3 (en) * 1987-01-30 1989-04-12 Imatran Voima Oy Gas turbine power plant fired by a water-bearing fuel
WO1990000223A1 (en) * 1988-06-30 1990-01-11 Imatran Voima Oy Drying method in a power-plant process and dryer used in the method
AU619572B2 (en) * 1988-06-30 1992-01-30 Imatran Voima Oy Drying method in a power plant process and dryer used in the method
US5253432A (en) * 1988-06-30 1993-10-19 Imatran Voima Oy Drying method in a power-plant process and dryer used in the method
GB2228295A (en) * 1988-12-14 1990-08-22 Gen Electric Cooling a turbine engine
US4982564A (en) * 1988-12-14 1991-01-08 General Electric Company Turbine engine with air and steam cooling
GB2228295B (en) * 1988-12-14 1992-12-16 Gen Electric Cooling a turbine engine
EP0851104A1 (en) * 1996-12-27 1998-07-01 Asea Brown Boveri AG Gas turbine with heat recovery steam generator for cooling the combustion chamber, then injecting downstream of the combustion zone
US8813473B2 (en) 2011-09-01 2014-08-26 Rolls-Royce Plc Steam injected gas turbine engine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE1476765A1 (en) 1969-10-23
LU52258A1 (en) 1966-12-28
US3359723A (en) 1967-12-26

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