GB1063252A - Improvements relating to textile materials - Google Patents

Improvements relating to textile materials

Info

Publication number
GB1063252A
GB1063252A GB2682063A GB2682063A GB1063252A GB 1063252 A GB1063252 A GB 1063252A GB 2682063 A GB2682063 A GB 2682063A GB 2682063 A GB2682063 A GB 2682063A GB 1063252 A GB1063252 A GB 1063252A
Authority
GB
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
batt
fibres
lines
fluid
filaments
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB2682063A
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
E I du Pont de Nemours and Co
Original Assignee
E I du Pont de Nemours and Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/40Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties
    • D04H1/42Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties characterised by the use of certain kinds of fibres insofar as this use has no preponderant influence on the consolidation of the fleece
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/40Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties
    • D04H1/44Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties the fleeces or layers being consolidated by mechanical means, e.g. by rolling
    • D04H1/46Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties the fleeces or layers being consolidated by mechanical means, e.g. by rolling by needling or like operations to cause entanglement of fibres
    • D04H1/492Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties the fleeces or layers being consolidated by mechanical means, e.g. by rolling by needling or like operations to cause entanglement of fibres by fluid jet
    • D04H1/495Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties the fleeces or layers being consolidated by mechanical means, e.g. by rolling by needling or like operations to cause entanglement of fibres by fluid jet for formation of patterns, e.g. drilling or rearrangement

Abstract

1,063,252. Seaming non-metallic sheet material; laminates and laminating. E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS & CO. July 6, 1963 [July 6, 1962], No. 26820/63. Headings B5K and B5N. [Also in Division D1] Sheet material composed of textile fibres or filaments is treated by projecting one or more continuous or intermittent fine, columnar streams of a con-compressible fluid against the surface of the sheet material with sufficient force to drive portions of individual surface fibres or filaments a substantial distance into the sheet to cause three-dimensional interentanglement of the fibres or filaments in the path of each stream. A fibrous, random-laid batt 14 to be treated is placed on a sheet of Kraft paper on a rectangular wire screen carrier 15 freely positioned on a metal plate 16 situated below a vertically disposed nozzle 20 through which water under pressure is delivered. A vent hole 18 is provided in the plate 16 and is aligned with the nozzle axis to allow treating fluid to pass therethrough. The height of the plate 16 is adjusted by a jack 17 so that the upper face of the batt 14 is about one inch below the tip of the nozzle 20. The batt is then exposed to a high-velocity stream of water while it is passed horizontally across the plate 16. The batt may be treated in successive passes along lines parallel to the first pass. Successive passes may also be made at right angles to the first passes. The lines of fluid treatment form lines on consolidation and cause the fibres to become interentangled and intertwined. The nozzle 20 may comprise a body 21, Fig. 2a, having an axial bore 22 with a pair of coplanar orifices 23, 24 inclined towards each other at an angle A of about 20- 25 degrees. The batt 14 is placed either above or at the point of intersection of the two streams from the orifices 23, 24. In a modification, Fig. 2b (not shown), the orifices 23, 24 are parallel to each other and in a further modification, Fig. 2c (not shown), a single central orifice 24 coaxial with the bore 22 is provided. In another modification, Fig. 3, the conical tip 31 of a plunger 30 which is urged downwardly by a spring 36 forms a fluid-tight seal against a seat 32 in the bore 22. The plunger 30 is forced, upwardly when the pressure of the spring 36 is exceeded by that of fluid supplied through a passage 35 so that fluid passes into a passage 33 and through orifices 24, 25, 26 in an interchangeable tip 37. A nozzle tip 37 having six orifices equally spaced on a cone of angle 50 degrees around a central orifice may be provided. A number of orifices may be provided in a manifold, Fig. 4 (not shown), or a plurality of nozzles may be arranged in a row. The fluid may be supplied continuously by the system shown in full lines in Fig. 1 or intermittently by the system shown in chain lines in Fig. 1 or in Fig. 4 (not shown). In the latter case the lines of consolidation consist of lines of points. The batt may be treated at least once on each side thereof. Apparatus for continuously producing a non- woven fabric, Fig. 5, comprises stationary nozzles 51 spaced across an endless screen conveyer 50 to form consolidation lines 52 and one or more nozzles 53 arranged to be reciprocated transversely of the batt to form consolidation lines 54 perpendicular to the lines 52. The treated batt may pass through a tank 56 of liquid to effect shrinkage, dyeing or bleaching. A roller 55d may press, wring, heat treat, dry or emboss the batt. Apparatus for forming continuous chenilletype yarns, Fig. 6, comprises spaced nozzles 61 which treat a fibrous batt 28 to form a number of closely spaced consolidation lines. Driven circular knives 62 cut the batt into discrete yarns along these lines. A yarn in which fibres or filaments protrude at an angle with respect to the yarn axis is produced by angling the fluid streams in the direction of movement of the batt. Non-woven batts of polyethylene terephthalate staple fibres or continuous filaments, cotton fibres, polyacrylic staple fibres or polypropylene continuous filaments are specified and fine metal fibres may be converted to yarns by high velocity fluid treatment. A batt of dolyethylene terephthalate staple fibres or continuous filaments is attached to a nylon fabric by high velocity fluid streams to form laminate. Non-woven webs of staple fibres and/or continuous filaments may be attached to paper, sponge, cellular structures, wire screens or soft woods. The reverse or untreated side of a batt fabric laminate made by this method has a pile or furlike effect and by controlling the process a uniform pile-like surface may be obtained and the protruding fibres sheared to any desired pile height. Fluid streams may act on the fibrous material to produce any desired pattern and/or at different velocities to produce different effects. Natural and/or synthetic fibres having a variety of lengths, crimp, colour and texture may be used. In one example, continuous filament polyethylene terephthalate yarn is wound around a metal frame to form two sets of yarns crossing each other at 90 degrees and these sets are sprayed with polyvinyl alcohol to hold them in place. The yarns are slit at the edges of the frame to form two sheets. A batt of staple fibres or continuous filaments is laminated to one side of one of these sheets by high-velocity fluid streams and a second batt is laminated to the other side thereof. The bat may consist of polyethylene terephthalate staple fibres or two component continuous, crimpable filaments prepared from polyhexamethylene adipamide and a copolymer of polyhexamethylene adipamide and polyhexamethylene sebacamide. In the latter case, the crimp is developed after lamination. The " cross-warp " fabric may comprise elastic yarn. High velocity fluid streams may be used to treat a woven or knitted fabric to produce a fulling or napping effect. Examples given are woven fabrics of wool and synthetic fibres, e.g. polyethylene terephthalate or polyacrylonitrile fibres, knitted polyacrylic fabrics and a shirting fabric of a blend of cotton and polyethylene terephthalate fibres.
GB2682063A 1962-07-06 1963-07-06 Improvements relating to textile materials Expired GB1063252A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US20813662 true 1962-07-06 1962-07-06

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB1063252A true true GB1063252A (en) 1967-03-30

Family

ID=22773321

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB4433666A Expired GB1063253A (en) 1962-07-06 1963-07-06 Improvements relating to textile materials
GB2682063A Expired GB1063252A (en) 1962-07-06 1963-07-06 Improvements relating to textile materials

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB4433666A Expired GB1063253A (en) 1962-07-06 1963-07-06 Improvements relating to textile materials

Country Status (6)

Country Link
JP (1) JPS4813749B1 (en)
DE (1) DE1710989A1 (en)
FR (1) FR1460513A (en)
GB (2) GB1063253A (en)
LU (1) LU47555A1 (en)
NL (1) NL6505849A (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2197732A1 (en) * 1972-08-29 1974-03-29 Monsanto Co
US4190695A (en) * 1978-11-30 1980-02-26 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Hydraulically needling fabric of continuous filament textile and staple fibers
US4471514A (en) * 1981-07-10 1984-09-18 Milliken Research Corporation Apparatus for imparting visual surface effects to relatively moving materials
US4499637A (en) * 1979-12-14 1985-02-19 Milliken Research Corporation Method for the production of materials having visual surface effects
US4514455A (en) * 1984-07-26 1985-04-30 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Nonwoven fabric for apparel insulating interliner
US5066535A (en) * 1987-05-01 1991-11-19 Milliken Research Corporation Fabric patterning process and product
US5080952A (en) * 1984-09-28 1992-01-14 Milliken Research Corporation Hydraulic napping process and product
US5235733A (en) * 1984-09-28 1993-08-17 Milliken Research Corporation Method and apparatus for patterning fabrics and products
US5632072A (en) 1988-04-14 1997-05-27 International Paper Company Method for hydropatterning napped fabric
US5657520A (en) * 1995-01-26 1997-08-19 International Paper Company Method for tentering hydroenhanced fabric
US5737813A (en) 1988-04-14 1998-04-14 International Paper Company Method and apparatus for striped patterning of dyed fabric by hydrojet treatment
EP1409242A1 (en) * 2000-06-15 2004-04-21 Polymer Group, Inc. Hydraulic seaming together of layers of nonwoven fabric
WO2013057018A1 (en) * 2011-10-21 2013-04-25 Chemische Fabrik Gmbh Screen cloth

Families Citing this family (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1069351B (en) *
US4146663A (en) * 1976-08-23 1979-03-27 Asahi Kasei Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Composite fabric combining entangled fabric of microfibers and knitted or woven fabric and process for producing same
JPS5739268A (en) * 1980-08-20 1982-03-04 Uni Charm Corp Production of nonwoven fabric
DE3630392C1 (en) * 1986-09-06 1988-02-11 Rhodia Ag A process for producing consolidated webs
US4960630A (en) * 1988-04-14 1990-10-02 International Paper Company Apparatus for producing symmetrical fluid entangled non-woven fabrics and related method
US5288536A (en) * 1993-05-28 1994-02-22 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Hydraulic-jet-treated stitchbonded fabric
DE19504929C2 (en) * 1995-02-15 2000-03-09 Bernd Muerdter Method and apparatus for calibration of edge tiles for tiling
FR2795099B1 (en) * 1999-06-17 2001-07-13 Icbt Perfojet Sa Apparatus for processing sheet material by means of pressurized water jets
EP1270778A1 (en) * 2001-06-29 2003-01-02 Maschinenfabrik Rieter Ag Process and apparatus for producing staple-yarns which contain synthetic fibres
US8688874B2 (en) 2007-05-15 2014-04-01 Chronologic Pty. Ltd. Method and system for reducing triggering latency in universal serial bus data acquisition
ES2660688T3 (en) 2008-09-11 2018-03-23 Albany International Corp. pervious web for making tissue, towel or nonwoven
ES2564182T3 (en) 2008-09-11 2016-03-18 Albany International Corp. industrial fabric, and method for making same
US8764943B2 (en) 2008-12-12 2014-07-01 Albany International Corp. Industrial fabric including spirally wound material strips with reinforcement
US8388812B2 (en) 2008-12-12 2013-03-05 Albany International Corp. Industrial fabric including spirally wound material strips
US8728280B2 (en) 2008-12-12 2014-05-20 Albany International Corp. Industrial fabric including spirally wound material strips with reinforcement
EP2391768A1 (en) 2009-01-28 2011-12-07 Albany International Corp. Papermaking fabric for producing tissue and towel products, and method of making thereof

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2197732A1 (en) * 1972-08-29 1974-03-29 Monsanto Co
US4190695A (en) * 1978-11-30 1980-02-26 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Hydraulically needling fabric of continuous filament textile and staple fibers
US4499637A (en) * 1979-12-14 1985-02-19 Milliken Research Corporation Method for the production of materials having visual surface effects
US4471514A (en) * 1981-07-10 1984-09-18 Milliken Research Corporation Apparatus for imparting visual surface effects to relatively moving materials
US4514455A (en) * 1984-07-26 1985-04-30 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Nonwoven fabric for apparel insulating interliner
US5080952A (en) * 1984-09-28 1992-01-14 Milliken Research Corporation Hydraulic napping process and product
US5235733A (en) * 1984-09-28 1993-08-17 Milliken Research Corporation Method and apparatus for patterning fabrics and products
US5066535A (en) * 1987-05-01 1991-11-19 Milliken Research Corporation Fabric patterning process and product
US5632072A (en) 1988-04-14 1997-05-27 International Paper Company Method for hydropatterning napped fabric
US5737813A (en) 1988-04-14 1998-04-14 International Paper Company Method and apparatus for striped patterning of dyed fabric by hydrojet treatment
US5657520A (en) * 1995-01-26 1997-08-19 International Paper Company Method for tentering hydroenhanced fabric
EP1409242A1 (en) * 2000-06-15 2004-04-21 Polymer Group, Inc. Hydraulic seaming together of layers of nonwoven fabric
EP1409242A4 (en) * 2000-06-15 2007-12-26 Polymer Group Inc Hydraulic seaming together of layers of nonwoven fabric
WO2013057018A1 (en) * 2011-10-21 2013-04-25 Chemische Fabrik Gmbh Screen cloth

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FR1460513A (en) 1966-01-07 grant
LU47555A1 (en) 1966-06-10 application
DE1710989A1 (en) 1970-02-05 application
GB1063253A (en) 1967-03-30 application
LU47555A (en) application
JPS4813749B1 (en) 1973-04-28 grant
NL6505849A (en) 1966-11-08 application

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