FR3079921A1 - Device for decomping and dispensing a bulk product likely to combine - Google Patents

Device for decomping and dispensing a bulk product likely to combine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
FR3079921A1
FR3079921A1 FR1853061A FR1853061A FR3079921A1 FR 3079921 A1 FR3079921 A1 FR 3079921A1 FR 1853061 A FR1853061 A FR 1853061A FR 1853061 A FR1853061 A FR 1853061A FR 3079921 A1 FR3079921 A1 FR 3079921A1
Authority
FR
France
Prior art keywords
device
mixing
worm
bulk product
storage tank
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
FR1853061A
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Jean-Pierre Masset
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LES PRESSOIRS COQUARD
Original Assignee
LES PRESSOIRS COQUARD
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by LES PRESSOIRS COQUARD filed Critical LES PRESSOIRS COQUARD
Priority to FR1853061A priority Critical patent/FR3079921A1/en
Publication of FR3079921A1 publication Critical patent/FR3079921A1/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25CPRODUCING, WORKING OR HANDLING ICE
    • F25C5/00Working or handling ice
    • F25C5/20Distributing ice
    • F25C5/24Distributing ice for storing bins
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G65/00Loading or unloading
    • B65G65/30Methods or devices for filling or emptying bunkers, hoppers, tanks, or like containers, of interest apart from their use in particular chemical or physical processes or their application in particular machines, e.g. not covered by a single other subclass
    • B65G65/34Emptying devices
    • B65G65/40Devices for emptying otherwise than from the top
    • B65G65/46Devices for emptying otherwise than from the top using screw conveyors
    • B65G65/463Devices for emptying otherwise than from the top using screw conveyors arranged vertically or substantially vertically within the container
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25CPRODUCING, WORKING OR HANDLING ICE
    • F25C2500/00Problems to be solved
    • F25C2500/08Sticking or clogging of ice

Description

The present invention relates to the general field of devices for treating a bulk product likely to agglomerate. The invention more particularly relates to a device for unpacking and dispensing flake ice, in particular intended to be used for the ice feed of stalls, in particular fishmongers, in order to maintain said stalls at a relatively low temperature, conducive to the preservation of food products.

Traditionally, the operation of filling a stall with ice, the latter being generally presented in the form of flakes or particles, is performed manually by one or two persons.

However, such an operation is often considered as painful by the operators who are responsible for it.

To avoid this difficult manual operation, systems have been developed in the state of the art for storage and distribution of ice, particles, chips, or flakes.

For example, patent document FR 2 966 242 discloses a chip ice weighing device comprising a weighing cell for measuring the weight of the chip mass.

In this device, said ice is disintegrated into chips by means of one or two drummers (s) constituted (s) of a barrel body traversed by a plurality of drummer bars. Said mixer is rotated over a conveyor screw in a storage container with a lid, said mixer and said transport screw being positioned in horizontal planes.

The conveyor screw then drops the ice on a conveyor, in the form of a conveyor belt, which conveys the ice chips to a transport container, through which the ice is brought to the place where it will actually be used, to keep the temperature low in the vicinity of butchery or bakery food products, for example.

However, such a system has several disadvantages. On the one hand, although it is expected that the weighing device is placed directly on the place of implementation of the ice, and the conveyor belt, horizontal and rigid, thus directly serving a container, the distribution of the ice cream on a stall, for example fishmongers or bakeries, having a length often reaching several meters, as well as a large width, is not planned nor optimized. Thus, the intervention of operators may still be necessary, with the disadvantages that have already been mentioned above. Indeed, in practice, this system is rather designed for filling a transport container, such as an ice bucket, positioned at one end of the conveyor belt. On the other hand, the conformation of the drummers does not allow optimal scraping of the walls of the storage container, where ice can agglomerate and bulk.

Document US 2003/0042267 also discloses an apparatus for storing the ice in a container and distributing it in the form of particles, comprising stirring means, positioned in horizontal planes inside the container, so that the particles do not adhere to each other and ice distribution means, agitation and distribution being managed by separate drive means.

The stirring means comprise first stirring means comprising right and left helical coils, so as to bring the ice towards the center of the apparatus when said means are set in motion, as well as rods for breaking the ice.

The stirring means also comprise second stirring means comprising, in a plane lower than the first stirring means, helicoidal right and left turns which, like the first stirring means, are intended to bring the ice into a central area.

A particular conformation of the bottom wall of the container is also provided, in the form of sloped or curved walls, in order to facilitate the movement of the ice towards the central zone.

An ice distribution means is also provided, in the form of a rigid tube having an inclination and plunging into the container, the ice flakes then entering through one of the ends of said rigid tube. At the other end of the tube, the ice can escape, under the action of a worm disposed inside the tube and capable of bringing the ice particles from the inlet of the distributor tube, to a output of said tube.

The driving motor in rotation of the worm of the distributor tube and that driving the rotating means inside the apparatus are completely independent.

However, this device is of complicated design, and still provides, in addition to the presence of four separate turns in addition to a worm, including the presence of a rigid discharge chute and vertical guiding ice flakes brought through the means of distribution, under the action of the worm, which fall vertically under the effect of gravity by the output of said dispenser, to a bag placed on a lower support, or towards a carriage, after removal of said support.

In addition, this device does not optimally treat all the product loaded in the container, which is likely to cause agglomeration of the ice in some parts of said container.

In addition, it should also be noted that the devices existing in the state of the art for storing and dispensing ice flakes are capable, through the mixing means implemented, of not only breaking down the ice but also breaking up the ice. the flakes of ice so that the product finally distributed on the stall does not present an optimal quality. The invention offers the possibility of mitigating, at least in part, the various disadvantages of the state of the art by proposing a device for unpacking and dispensing a bulk product likely to agglomerate, in particular ice in flakes.

The device of the invention makes it possible first and foremost to treat all of the product charged to it, making it almost impossible to agglomerate the product, thereby reducing both product losses and maintenance operations. necessary maintenance on the device. To this end, the present invention relates to a device for unpacking and dispensing a bulk product that can agglomerate, in particular flake ice, said device comprising, mounted on transport wheels, a storage bin for receiving the product in bulk, the upper part of said storage tank being designed for loading said bulk product, said storage tank comprising a mixing coil driven by motor means, said storage tank being connected in its lower part to a tube for dispensing the bulk product at an inlet of the product, and in which tube acts a worm driven by motor means and bringing said product to an outlet, said tube and said auger being oblique axis so that said outlet is positioned at a level higher than that at which said inlet is positioned, said device being characterized in that said spire melts The auger is of oblique axis parallel to the axis of said worm, a wall of the storage tank in which said mixing coil is shaped to envelop the lower part of said mixing coil, and in that said distribution tube has a longitudinal opening of communication between said dispensing tube and said storage tank, all along its length in the storage bin.

The technical features of the present device make it possible, in a particularly original way, to mix the entire bulk product in the entire volume of the storage tank, thus avoiding any possibility of agglomeration of said product at a location in the storage tank. . In addition, the feeding of the distribution tube is effected both by the application of the phenomenon of gravity to the bulk product, in particular because of the conformation of the device, and by the movement of the mixing coil, and this on the entire length of said tube in the storage bin.

Advantageously, said device for mixing and unloading a bulk product according to the invention comprises means for applying a differential speed of rotation between the mixing coil and the worm, the speed of rotation of the mixing coil being less than the speed of rotation of the worm.

Preferably, the axis of said mixing coil and the axis of said worm are inclined at an angle substantially equal to or equal to 45 ° with respect to the vertical.

Advantageously, the dispensing tube is connected at said outlet of the product to a flexible distribution hose of said product. Note also that, interestingly, the device for mixing and unloading a bulk product according to the invention is equipped with a retractable step and / or a control panel.

According to another feature of the invention, the mixing coil and the worm are driven by common motor means. Other characteristics and advantages of the invention will emerge from the following detailed description of non-limiting embodiments of the invention, with reference to the appended figures in which:

Figure 1 illustrates, schematically, a longitudinal sectional view of a particular embodiment of the device of the invention, with an operator operating it;

Figure 2 schematically shows a perspective view of an embodiment similar to that of Figure 1, a part of the device having been erased to reveal the interior of said device;

FIG. 3 schematically illustrates a view from above of a particular embodiment of the device similar to that of FIGS. 1 and 2.

As shown in Figures 1 to 3 attached, the present invention relates to a device 1 for unpacking and dispensing a bulk product, likely to agglomerate, the latter preferably consisting of ice flakes, also called ice looted, ice particles, chips, etc.

This flake ice is advantageously intended for use in the food industry, for the presentation and preservation of fresh products, for example on the stalls of fishmongers or butchers, especially in supermarkets where stalls having a substantial size must be fed daily, in a homogeneous manner, by a flake ice of good quality, to ensure an attractive presentation of the products to be preserved before their marketing to the consumer.

The bulk product is not shown in the accompanying figures.

Essentially, the device 1 of the invention comprises a storage bin 2, receiving the flake ice for example, mounted on a plurality of transport rollers 3 intended to allow easy movement of said device 1 from one place to another. other.

Said storage tank 2 may advantageously consist of an insulating container, in the optics for example to keep the flake ice at a suitable temperature to prevent it melting.

In order to allow the loading of the flake ice, the upper part of the storage tank 2 is preferably in the form of a perforated protective grid 21.

Advantageously, once the loading is carried out, said perforated protective grid 21 may optionally be covered by an insulating cover, not illustrated in the accompanying figures.

However, such an exemplary embodiment is not limiting, and it is also conceivable that, to enable loading, the upper part of the storage tank 2 is in the form of an insulating cover having a recess suitable for the passage of the produced in said bin 2.

The device 1 for unpacking and dispensing according to the invention is preferably filled with flake ice produced by a suitable production machine and discharged by simple gravity through, for example, of said perforated protective grid 21.

Such a machine for producing flake ice is known in the state of the art, and is not the subject of the present invention.

Said perforated protection grid 21 is preferably removable through a handle 22, in particular to facilitate the cleaning and maintenance operations of the various elements of the device 1 which will be described in more detail below.

Thus, in the present device 1, the storage bin 2 comprises a mixing coil 4, driven by motor means 5 shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, through a driving shaft 41 to which the turn is connected through a plurality of rigid rods 42.

The rotation of the mixing coil 4 is made in the upward direction of the upper part of the storage tank 2, and this in order to avoid the phenomenon of compaction in the lower part of said storage bin 2.

In its lower part, the storage tank 2 of the device 1 of the invention is connected to a distribution tube 6, in which a worm 7, shown schematically in FIG. 1 attached hereto, is used. the flake ice out of said storage bin 2 and its delivery for distribution to the ice-fed stall.

The connection between the storage tank 2 and the distribution tube 6 is through an inlet of the product, the latter being in a particularly original manner, in the form of a slot or a longitudinal opening of communication 61 between said storage tank 2 and said distribution tube 6.

Most preferably, said opening extends over almost all, and even more preferably over all, the length of said distribution tube 6 which is in contact with the storage tank 2.

After the passage of the bulk product from the storage tank 2 to the distribution tube 6, it is then conveyed, under the action of said worm 7 positioned inside said distribution tube 6 to an outlet 62.

Said distribution tube 6 and said worm 7 are oblique axes, so that said outlet 62, through which the product is discharged, is positioned at a higher level, in terms of height, at which level is positioned the product inlet 61 where the product is brought into the tube 6 in contact with the worm 7. The worm 7 is also driven by motor means 5, the latter preferably also the rotational drive of the mixing coil 4 acting in the storage tank 10.

Preferably, the motor means 5 driving the worm 7 and the mixing coil are constituted by an electric motor.

In a particularly original way to the device 1 of the invention, the mixing coil 4 is also of oblique axis, such that the oblique axis of said mixing coil 4 is parallel to the oblique axis of said worm 7 acting in the tube 6, while a wall 21 of the storage tank 2 is shaped to envelop the lower part of the mixing coil 4.

In other words, the storage tank 2 of the device of the invention is rounded at its lower part, so as to match the rounded shape of the mixing coil 4.

Regarding the inclination of the axis of the mixing coil 4 and the axis of the worm 7, it is preferably of the order of 45 °, and more preferably still equal to 45 ° , with respect to a vertical axis. The inclination can thus be, for example, between 40 and 50 °.

Thus, the device 1 for unpacking and dispensing a bulk product according to the invention makes it possible, in a particularly optimized manner, to avoid any agglomeration of product, in particular ice, at the level of the storage tank 2.

The mixing coil 4 wrapped by the bottom wall 21 of the storage tank 2 allows the entire product loaded in the device 1 to be unpacked at the level of the storage tank 2. The longitudinal opening 61 of communication between said storage tank 2 and the distribution tube 6, as well as the mixing coil 4 and the worm screw 7 oblique and parallel axes, allow an optimized spill of the entire product treated, both by gravity and by the movement of said turn 4, from said storage tank 2 to the tube 6.

In other words, once the product is loaded into said storage bin 2, it is driven, at least in part, by gravity towards the lowest point of said bin 2, from where it is reassembled under the action of the mixing coil 4 to supply the worm 7 in the distribution tube 6, via the longitudinal communication opening 61 formed over the entire length of said tube 6 in the storage tank 2. Another part of the product to be treated can directly pass through said opening 61 to the tube 6 to be routed to the outlet 62. The action of the mixing coil 4, and in particular that the positioning thereof with respect to the worm 7, allows a continuous supply of said worm 7 acting in the tube 6, without agglomeration or loss of product.

It has already been mentioned, previously in the description, that said worm 7 and said mixing coil 4 are rotated under the effect of common motor means 5.

In a preferred embodiment, the device 1 for unpacking and dispensing ice according to the invention is also equipped with means for applying a differential speed of rotation between the mixing coil 4 and the worm 7.

Indeed, it is particularly interesting that said mixing coil 4 acts, in the storage tank 2, at a speed of rotation which is lower than the speed of rotation of the worm 7 acting in the tube 6, to allow a decompression, including flake ice, but without breaking said straws under the action of a mixing coil that would print too much force to the treated product.

Thus, in a particularly advantageous embodiment, the speed of rotation of the worm 7 acting in the distribution tube 6 is of the order of, or equal to, 75 rpm, while the speed of rotation of the mixing coil 4 acting in the storage tank 2 is of the order of, or equal to, 25 rpm.

The speed differential, in particular, as well as other parameters of the device 1 can preferably be tracked and adjusted by an operator O by means of a console or a control box 8 located on one of the external faces. said device 1 according to the invention.

Thus, in the example where the mixing coil 4 and the worm 7 are driven by common motor means 5, they are equipped with a differential.

A step 9, height adjustable, and retractable, can also equip the device 1 of the invention, in order to allow the operator O to see the state of the storage bin 2 and easily proceed, if necessary, to cleaning and / or maintenance operations of the elements of the device 1. It should also be noted that, particularly advantageously, the distribution tube 6 can be connected, at the outlet 62 of the product, to a flexible pipe 10, shown in Figures 1 and 2 attached.

This flexible pipe 10 allows the operator O to easily distribute the treated product in the device 1, in a homogeneous manner, where the product is finally to be stored.

Thus, in the preferred example in which the product consists of flake ice, the flexible pipe 10 allows easy unloading and distribution over the entire length and width of the stall to be stocked, directly and securely. freeing from the use of bags or other containers that should be filled and transported to the stall to garnish the latter manually.

The device 1 of the invention has above all been described, in the foregoing, in connection with the storage of flake ice and the transport of these flakes of ice to a food exposure site to be maintained at costs for an optimized storage for marketing, for example the stall of a fishmonger or butcher's shop.

However, the present device is not limited to such an application, and is intended to be used for any other type of product, other than flake ice, which must be mixed to prevent agglutination, before to be routed and distributed at a given location.

Claims (7)

1. Device (1) for unpacking and dispensing a bulk product likely to agglomerate, in particular flake ice, said device (1) comprising, mounted on transport wheels (3), a container of storage (2) for receiving the bulk product, the upper part (21) of said storage tank (2) being designed for loading said bulk product, said storage tank (2) comprising a mixing coil (4) driven by motor means (5), said storage tank (2) being connected in its lower part to a dispensing tube (6) of the bulk product at an inlet (61) of the product, and in which tube (6) acts a worm (7) driven by motor means (5) and bringing said product to an outlet (62), said tube (6) and said worm (7) being oblique axis such that said outlet (62) is positioned at a level higher than that at which said inlet (61) is positioned, said device (1) is characterized in that said mixing coil (4) is of oblique axis parallel to the axis of said worm (7), a wall (21) of the storage tank (2) in which said mixing coil (4) ) being shaped to envelop the lower part of said mixing coil (4), and in that said dispensing tube has a longitudinal opening (61) for communication between said dispensing tube (6) and said storage tank (2), along its length in the storage bin (2).
2. Device (1) for mixing and unloading a bulk product according to the preceding claim, characterized in that it comprises means for applying a differential speed of rotation between the mixing coil (4) and the worm (7). ), the speed of rotation of the mixing coil (4) being less than the speed of rotation of the worm (7).
3. Device (1) for mixing and unloading a bulk product according to the preceding claim characterized in that the axis of said mixing coil (4) and the axis of said worm (7) are inclined d an angle substantially equal to or equal to 45 ° with respect to the vertical.
4. Device (1) for mixing and unloading a bulk product according to any preceding claim characterized in that the distribution tube (6) is connected at said outlet (62) of the product, a flexible hose (10) for dispensing said product.
5. Device (1) for mixing and unloading a bulk product according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it is equipped with a retractable step (9).
6. Device (1) for mixing and unloading a bulk product according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it is equipped with a control panel (8).
7. Device (1) for mixing and unloading a bulk product according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the mixing coil (4) and the worm (7) are driven by motor means ( 5) common.
FR1853061A 2018-04-09 2018-04-09 Device for decomping and dispensing a bulk product likely to combine Pending FR3079921A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR1853061A FR3079921A1 (en) 2018-04-09 2018-04-09 Device for decomping and dispensing a bulk product likely to combine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR1853061A FR3079921A1 (en) 2018-04-09 2018-04-09 Device for decomping and dispensing a bulk product likely to combine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
FR3079921A1 true FR3079921A1 (en) 2019-10-11

Family

ID=62223024

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
FR1853061A Pending FR3079921A1 (en) 2018-04-09 2018-04-09 Device for decomping and dispensing a bulk product likely to combine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
FR (1) FR3079921A1 (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4129015A (en) * 1977-04-22 1978-12-12 Morris Jr William F Ice storage and dispensing bin
US6093312A (en) * 1998-01-22 2000-07-25 Entre Pure, Inc. Ice dispenser with an air-cooled bin
WO2014117864A1 (en) * 2013-02-01 2014-08-07 Ruf Gmbh & Co Kg Feeding device for feeding lumpy material into a briquetting press
US9797644B1 (en) * 2017-03-09 2017-10-24 Taylor Christopher Lowe Collapsible and expandable ice dispensing tubing apparatus and related devices and methods of use
CN206665551U (en) * 2017-03-27 2017-11-24 黑龙江贵龙食用菌设备有限公司 Edible fungi raw materials screen elevator

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4129015A (en) * 1977-04-22 1978-12-12 Morris Jr William F Ice storage and dispensing bin
US6093312A (en) * 1998-01-22 2000-07-25 Entre Pure, Inc. Ice dispenser with an air-cooled bin
WO2014117864A1 (en) * 2013-02-01 2014-08-07 Ruf Gmbh & Co Kg Feeding device for feeding lumpy material into a briquetting press
US9797644B1 (en) * 2017-03-09 2017-10-24 Taylor Christopher Lowe Collapsible and expandable ice dispensing tubing apparatus and related devices and methods of use
CN206665551U (en) * 2017-03-27 2017-11-24 黑龙江贵龙食用菌设备有限公司 Edible fungi raw materials screen elevator

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4815042A (en) Programmable apparatus and method for delivering microingredient feed additives to animals by weight
US5219224A (en) Programmable apparatus and method for delivering microingredient feed additives to animals by weight
US4432499A (en) Portable feed grinder-mixer
US3314557A (en) Tank type bulk blending plant
US6711884B1 (en) Mobile harvesting unit
US4733971A (en) Programmable weight sensitive microingredient feed additive delivery system and method
US4019547A (en) Can filling method and apparatus
FI57565C (en) Saett and the arrangement of the Foer toemning palleterade saeckar innehaollande massagods
JP2011509671A (en) Method for stirring a beverage in a cup
US7028448B2 (en) Dispensing apparatus and method of dispensing
US5775986A (en) Cooked meat pulling apparatus
US3386602A (en) De-packaging apparatus and method
US4503803A (en) Seed treater and conveying apparatus
US5377727A (en) Apparatus for measuring out and filling particulate or granular material
US3168291A (en) Blending auger
CA1320476C (en) Machine for breaking up food containers and for recovering food therefrom
US2953360A (en) Mixer
US3712019A (en) Apparatus and process for dispensing icy material
CA2613637A1 (en) Apparatus and method for coordinating automated package and bulk dispensing
US2731942A (en) Apparatus for breading shrimp
EP2344270B1 (en) Method and apparatus for metering, mixing and packaging solid particulate material
CA1247593A (en) Agricultural feed blending apparatus
CA1143371A (en) Bulk animal feedstuff mixing vehicle
US2791887A (en) Ice particles storage and dispensing device
US3459409A (en) Mixing and conveyor system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PLFP Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 2

PLSC Search report ready

Effective date: 20191011