FR3050627A1 - Installation for the interior fitting of a cellar - Google Patents

Installation for the interior fitting of a cellar Download PDF

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Publication number
FR3050627A1
FR3050627A1 FR1653816A FR1653816A FR3050627A1 FR 3050627 A1 FR3050627 A1 FR 3050627A1 FR 1653816 A FR1653816 A FR 1653816A FR 1653816 A FR1653816 A FR 1653816A FR 3050627 A1 FR3050627 A1 FR 3050627A1
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FR
France
Prior art keywords
wall
plate
floor
suspension hook
side walls
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
FR1653816A
Other languages
French (fr)
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FR3050627B1 (en
Inventor
Daniel Sinnesal
Original Assignee
Daniel Sinnesal
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Daniel Sinnesal filed Critical Daniel Sinnesal
Priority to FR1653816A priority Critical patent/FR3050627B1/en
Publication of FR3050627A1 publication Critical patent/FR3050627A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of FR3050627B1 publication Critical patent/FR3050627B1/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/024Sectional false floors, e.g. computer floors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B57/00Cabinets, racks or shelf units, characterised by features for adjusting shelves or partitions
    • A47B57/30Cabinets, racks or shelf units, characterised by features for adjusting shelves or partitions with means for adjusting the height of detachable shelf supports
    • A47B57/40Cabinets, racks or shelf units, characterised by features for adjusting shelves or partitions with means for adjusting the height of detachable shelf supports consisting of hooks coacting with openings
    • A47B57/42Cabinets, racks or shelf units, characterised by features for adjusting shelves or partitions with means for adjusting the height of detachable shelf supports consisting of hooks coacting with openings the shelf supports being cantilever brackets
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B95/00Fittings for furniture
    • A47B95/008Suspension fittings for cabinets to be hung on walls
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B96/00Details of cabinets, racks or shelf units not covered by a single one of groups A47B43/00 - A47B95/00; General details of furniture
    • A47B96/02Shelves
    • A47B96/027Cantilever shelves
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B96/00Details of cabinets, racks or shelf units not covered by a single one of groups A47B43/00 - A47B95/00; General details of furniture
    • A47B96/06Brackets or similar supporting means for cabinets, racks or shelves
    • A47B96/067Horizontal rails as suspension means in a cantilever arrangement
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B96/00Details of cabinets, racks or shelf units not covered by a single one of groups A47B43/00 - A47B95/00; General details of furniture
    • A47B96/14Bars, uprights, struts, or like supports, for cabinets, brackets, or the like
    • A47B96/1408Bars, uprights, struts, or like supports, for cabinets, brackets, or the like regularly perforated
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47FSPECIAL FURNITURE, FITTINGS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR SHOPS, STOREHOUSES, BARS, RESTAURANTS OR THE LIKE; PAYING COUNTERS
    • A47F5/00Show stands, hangers, or shelves characterised by their constructional features
    • A47F5/10Adjustable or foldable or dismountable display stands
    • A47F5/101Display racks with slotted uprights
    • A47F5/103Display shelving racks with the uprights aligned in only one plane
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0801Separate fastening elements
    • E04F13/0803Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements

Abstract

Interior installation installation of an enclosure, in particular a cellar, which comprises: - a floor (101) including at least one plate (103) based on oriented wood strips of length greater than 20 millimeters, resting on a plurality of feet (105) of adjustable heights, the floor (101) being distant from the base of the feet (105), - rails (3) received on the floor (101) and extending along at least a portion of the perimeter of the floor (101), - a plurality of side walls (107) each being formed of at least one plate based on wood-oriented lamellae of lengths greater than 20 millimeters, and being housed in at least one rail (3) , the side walls (107) supporting at least one profiled beam (5) comprising a suspension hook (61), - a bracket (200) comprising a plate (201) and two lateral uprights (203) fixed to the plate (201) , and at least one suspension hook arranged to cooperate with the hook suspending the beam (5) so as to retain the bracket (200).

Description

Installation for the interior of a cellar

The present invention relates to the interior design of a room such as a cellar.

In a context where densely populated areas suffer from a lack of space, the rehabilitation of certain volumes such as cellars in urban areas is of growing interest. The conditions of health and especially of humidity of such places make them unusable as dwelling. This is even prohibited by certain laws or standards. The cellars are usually places of storage. However, their general characteristics limit their use to a storage that is either of short duration or of resistant material.

Work to make these places healthy and suitable for the storage of fragile material usually involves significant costs: stripping, supply of new material, patching of the soil, installation of insulation, installation of ventilation, aeration and dehumidification systems, etc. The invention improves the situation.

An installation for interior installation of an enclosure, in particular a cellar, is proposed, comprising: a floor including at least one plate based on wood oriented slats longer than 20 millimeters, resting on a plurality of feet of adjustable heights , the floor being remote from the base of the feet, - rails received on the floor and extending along at least a portion of the perimeter of the floor, - a plurality of side walls each being formed of at least one plate based on oriented wooden strips of length greater than 20 millimeters, and being housed in at least one rail, the side walls supporting at least one profiled rail comprising a suspension hook. - A console comprising a plate and two lateral uprights fixed to the plate, and at least one suspension hook, arranged to cooperate with the suspension hook of the rail so as to retain the console.

In one embodiment, the console further comprises: - a pair of profiled racks, each rack comprising a main wall and two edge walls substantially perpendicular to the main wall, the main wall being provided with elongate rectangular openings arranged in a or several parallel rows in the longitudinal direction of the rack, the rack comprising a main part integral with the suspension hook of the console, the rack being suspended from the rail by the suspension hook and fixed substantially vertically against the side wall, and a plurality of tabs integral with the plate and / or the uprights and co-operating with the rack, the tabs and the openings being mutually arranged so that each tab fits into an opening and the plate and / or the uprights are hanging from the racks through the legs and openings.

In one embodiment, the console further comprises a pair of brackets, each of the brackets comprising a plate carrying said tabs and supporting the plate, two bosses that can be formed in said wing in opposite directions in the direction of the thickness of the bracket. said wing, the bosses being in contact with the main wall.

In one embodiment, the console comprises a plate provided with at least one tab, the tab being inserted into one of the openings, the plate being fixed by screwing to one of the lateral uprights.

In one embodiment, the racks are mounted equidistant from each other and at the same height.

In one embodiment, the bracket further comprises at least one bracket, the bracket including a first wall screwed to a side post, a second wall attached to the tray, and a suspension hook wall extending from an edge of the bracket. the second wall perpendicular to each of the first wall and the second wall substantially opposite the first wall, the free end of the suspension hook wall being folded so as to cooperate with the suspension hook of the smooth .

In one embodiment, the installation comprises a ceiling including at least one plate based on oriented wood slats longer than millimeters, the ceiling having a thickness less than the floor.

In one embodiment, the installation further comprises at least one bar disposed between two parallel side walls between them, the bar being disposed substantially perpendicular to the side walls, the side wall rails including supports of said bar.

In one embodiment, at least one support comprises a first support notch of said bar, formed in a first wall of the rail and a second insertion notch of said rail formed in a second wall of the rail, the second wall being disposed above the first wall, the second notch having a trapezoidal shape with a small base forming the top of the first notch. The invention also proposes a kit for installing such an arrangement. This kit comprises: - at least one plate based on wooden strips of length greater than 20 millimeters to form the floor, - a plurality of adjustable height feet arranged to support the floor, - rails arranged to be arranged on the floor. along at least a portion of the perimeter of the floor, - a plurality of slab-based boards of length greater than 20 millimeters, to form side walls and arranged to be housed in the rails and supported by the floor - At least one profiled rail comprising a suspension hook and arranged to be fixed and supported by the side walls. at least one plate, two lateral uprights and a suspension hook, to form a console, the suspension hook being arranged to cooperate with the suspension hook of the arm so that the console is suspended from the arm by the hooks suspension.

Thanks to the invention, the content of a dirty and / or wet room can be isolated from existing walls and soil. The installation forms an inner envelope in an existing room. The installation isolates the contents of the installation from the room that hosts it. Space for storing equipment is better organized and has improved effective storage capacity. Fragile material is safe. The installation is adaptable on a case-by-case basis to different types of rooms or rooms. The value of a property comprising such a fitted room is increased.

The humidity level can be significantly reduced in a few days. The elements of the installation are light and can be precut at the factory while an operator equipped with a screwdriver is able to assemble the installation in a few hours. The OSB used in the fabrication of the facility is significantly less expensive than plywood panels used in other areas. OSB is also environmentally friendly and resists moisture well. The layout requires little or no modification of the existing space.

The present invention will be better understood on studying the detailed description of some embodiments taken as non-limiting examples and illustrated by the appended drawings, in which: FIG. 1 is a partial and perspective view of a room provided with the installation according to the invention, - Figure 2 is a perspective view of a part of the installation of Figure 1, - Figure 3 is a side view of the part of Figure 2 FIG. 4 is a top view of the part of FIG. 2, FIG. 5 is a side view of the part of FIG. 2, FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a part of FIG. Figure 7 is a side view of the part of Figure 6; Figure 8 is a side view of the part of Figure 6; Figure 9 is a perspective view. of a part of the installation of Figure 1, - Figure 10 is a side view of the part of Figure 9, - Figure 11 e Fig. 12 is a perspective view of one embodiment of the part of Fig. 9; Fig. 13 is a side view of an embodiment of the part of Fig. 9; FIG. 14 is a view on another side of the part of FIG. 12, FIG. 15 is a side view of a part of the installation of FIG. FIG. 16 is a detail view of FIG. 15, FIG. 17 is a perspective view of a part of the installation of FIG. 1, FIG. 18 is a side view of the part of the FIG. FIG. 19 is a perspective view of a pair of parts of the installation of FIG. 1; FIG. 20 is a side view of one of the parts of FIG. 19; FIG. a view from another side of the part of FIG. 20, and FIG. 22 is a perspective view of a part of the installation of FIG.

In the following, the terms "inside", "outside", "upper" and "lower" will be used with reference to the arrangement in assembled state of the parts of the installation in a pre-existing enclosure or room. In some of the figures, a three-dimensional mark is shown. The x-axis is horizontal and oriented from the outside to the inside of the installation. The y axis represents a direction substantially parallel to one of the walls of the installation. The z axis is vertical and is oriented from the bottom to the top of the installation.

The attached drawings are essentially of a certain character, and may not only serve to complete the invention, but also contribute to its definition if necessary. It is noted that elements such as the geometry of the parts constituting the installation are difficult to completely define, other than by drawing.

Figure 1 shows schematically in perspective and partially in section, an installation 100 according to the invention. The installation 100 here comprises a floor 101, feet 105, rails 3, side walls 107, rails 5, brackets 200 and reinforcement bars 130 and spacers 130.

In the example described here, the floor 101 comprises several plates 103 assembled edge to edge. The plates 103 are essentially made of strips of wood. The plates 103 are panels of dimensions and composition chosen for their mechanical properties and for their resistance to moisture. The plates 103 are, here, panels oriented large particles or oriented lamella panels. This type of sign is generally referred to by the acronym OSB for "Oriented Strand Board". Commercially known OSB3 panels or plywood panels can be used. The oriented wooden lamellae of the plates 103 here have lengths greater than 20 mm, preferably greater than 50 mm. The plates 103 have good wet strength properties.

The plates 103 are rectangular and have a thickness of between 5 and 30 millimeters, preferably between 9 and 20 millimeters. The plates 103 are assembled for example by means of screwed brackets connecting their lower surface, not visible in FIG. 1. In the example described here, the surfaces of the slices of the plates 103 have complementary shapes, for example grooves and tongues. . The plates 103 are held together to form the floor 101.

Preferably, the floor 101 includes joists. The plates 103 are mounted on joists arranged perpendicularly to said plates 103, the joists resting on the feet 105.

The feet 105 rest on the pre-existing ground by their base. The floor 101 is supported by the feet 105 away from their base. 105 feet are adjustable height. The irregularities of the pre-existing soil can be compensated by the adjustment of the feet 105. The floor 101 can be mounted horizontally or on the contrary sloping towards an opening of the room to facilitate cleaning. The presence of the feet 105 makes it possible to fix and maintain a gap between the floor 101 and the pre-existing floor. The feet 105 protect the floor 101 from moisture. This makes it possible to limit the propagation of the moisture of the pre-existing soil towards the interior of the installation 100 by creating a barrier against humidity. Even slight air circulation limits humidity.

The floor 101 here supports the rails 3. By the term "rail" is meant here the substantially longitudinal parts arranged along at least a portion of the perimeter of the floor 101.

Figures 2 to 5 illustrate an embodiment of the rails 3. In this embodiment, the rail 3 is profiled. As can be seen in FIG. 5, the profile has a generally asymmetric "U" shape. The rail 3 comprises a bottom 31, a large branch 33 and a small branch 35. The large branch 33 and the small branch 35 are parallel. The large branch 33 and the small branch 35 extend substantially perpendicularly from the bottom wall 31. The bottom wall 31 comprises holes 37. The holes 37 facilitate mounting by screwing the rail 3 against the upper surface of the floor 101. In the mounted state, the rails 3 are received on the floor 101 and disposed along the edges of said floor 101. The rails 3 are installed over the entire perimeter of the floor 101 along which it is desired to install walls 107. In the example of Figure 1, a portion of the floor 101 is devoid of rail 3 and accommodates a door. The bottom wall 31 bears against the upper surface of the floor 101. The large branch 33 and the small branch 35 extend substantially vertically from the floor 101. With respect to the bottom wall 31, the large branch 33 is disposed on the outer side of the floor 101 while the small branch 35 is disposed on the inner side. This arrangement then facilitates the insertion of the side walls 107 in the rail 3. The bottom wall 31 is fixed to the floor 101 for example by screwing or nailing. The thickness of the bottom wall 31 and its composition may be chosen to facilitate drilling, simultaneously with screwing or nailing. The rails 3 serve as fixing base for the side walls 107. The rails 3 form baseboards for the side walls 107.

The rails 3 have a length Y3, in the example described here, about 2.5 meters. The rails 3 can be cut into sections and / or put end to end to adjust to the dimensions of the spaces to be equipped. The internal spacing X3 between the large branch 33 and the small branch 35 is chosen to be greater than, and preferably adjusted to, the thickness of the side walls 107. In the example described here, the internal distance Xs is about 16 millimeters . The height Z3 of the large branch 33 is here about 35 millimeters. The height Z3 'of the small branch 35 is here about 25 millimeters.

In the example described here, the rails 3 are obtained by folding a metal plate, for example based on galvanized steel. The metal plate has a thickness E3, here about 1.5 millimeters.

Alternatively, the profile of the rails 3 may have a bottom and a single branch. In this case, the rails 3 take the form of profile with hexagon or "L" or "T" angle turned.

The side walls 107 are formed by the assembly of several plates. The plates here are similar to the plates 103 of the floor 101. In a variant, the plates of the side walls 107 are different, for example of different thickness. The side walls 107 fit between the large branch 33 and the small branch 35 and abut against the bottom wall 31. The rail 3 then forms a base for the side wall 107. The large branch 33 and the small branch 35 serve as stop in the x direction for the side walls 107. The side walls 107 rest indirectly on the floor 101. The side walls 107 are wedged against the rails 3. To summarize, the rails 3 can block the side walls 107 in the internal-external direction (X direction), to form a barrier against the transfer of moisture between the side walls 107 and the floor 101, and to facilitate the mounting of the side walls 107 on the floor 101.

In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 2 to 5 with rails with two branches 33, 35, the fixing of the side walls 107 to the rails 3 can be carried out from inside the installation 100. In one embodiment in FIG. wherein the rails 3 comprise only one branch, the outer surface of the side wall 107 is preferably disposed against the branch so that the application of a force from the inside to the outside on the side wall 107 is transmitted by thrust to the rail 3 to avoid deterioration of the installation 100.

In the example described here, the side walls 107 disposed in the rail 3 are held there by their own weight. In addition, the side walls 107 and the rails 3 can be fixed to each other, for example by screwing or nailing. Their assembly can be facilitated by the presence of holes in the branch (s) 33, 35 of the rails 3.

The side walls 107 are arranged along the perimeter of the floor 101. In general, a side wall 107 is mounted perpendicularly to another side wall 107 adjacent to an angle of the installation 100. The two side walls 107 are mutually intertwined with each other. over their full height or at least over a large part of their height. Preferably, the plates forming the side walls 107 are monobloc over the entire height of a given side wall 107. With the exception of the holes 37, the rails 3 of FIGS. 2 to 5 have a constant cross section along their longitudinal direction. Such a configuration allows a low manufacturing cost. The rails 3 can be manufactured in a standard, fast and automated manner. Lengths of lengths adjusted to the final dimensions of the installation 100 can be pre-cut and prepared at the factory.

At least one rail 5 is fixed against at least one inner surface of the side walls 107. Two parallel rails may be attached to two parallel inner surfaces of the side walls 107.

Figures 6 to 8 show an embodiment of a rail 5. The rail 5 is a profiled piece. The rail 5 comprises an upper wing 51, an upper shoulder 53, an inner wall 55, a lower shoulder 57, a lower wing 59 and a hooking wing 61 forming a hook. The parts forming the rail 5 here are substantially connected at right angles to each other with the exception of the lower wing 59 and the hooking wing which form an angle A, here about 45 °. The bonds between these parts are preferably slightly rounded so as to limit the stress concentrations. The upper wing 51 and the lower wing 59 are substantially coplanar. In the installed state, the upper wing 51 and the lower wing 59 are fixed against a side wall 107. The inner wall 55 is substantially parallel to the upper wing 51 and the lower wing 59. The inner wall 55 is substantially perpendicular to the upper shoulder 53 and to the lower shoulder 57. The upper shoulder 53, the inner wall 55, the lower shoulder 57 and the inner surface of the side wall 107 to which the heald 5 is attached define then a parallelepipedic space. The upper shoulder 53 and the lower shoulder 57 are arranged substantially horizontally while the inner wall 55 is arranged substantially vertically, parallel and at a distance from the wall 107. The hooking hook wing 61 extends from the wall lateral 107, substantially inward and upward.

The inner wall 55 has through holes 63. The holes 63 are arranged regularly along the rail 5. The holes 63 support bars 130. The rail 5 is provided with holes 65 similar to the holes 37 of the rail 3, to facilitate its attachment to the other parts of the installation 100. With the exception of the holes 63 and the holes 65, the rails 5 of FIGS. 6 to 8 have a constant section in their longitudinal direction.

In the example shown in Figures 6 to 8, the rails 5 have a length Y5, in the example described here of about 2.5 meters. The heddles 5 can be cut and / or placed end to end to be adjusted to the dimensions of the installation 100. The upper wing 51 and the lower wing 59 respectively have a height Y51 and a height Y59, here about 20 and 34 millimeters respectively. The inner wall 55 has a height Y55, here about 40 millimeters. The upper shoulder 53 and the lower shoulder 57 have a width X53 and X57 respectively of about 20 millimeters each. The wing forming the hook 61 extends over a distance Dei, here about 13 millimeters.

In the example described here, the rails 5 are obtained by folding a metal plate, for example based on galvanized steel. The metal plate has a thickness E5, here about 2 millimeters. Stretches of length adjusted to the final dimensions of the installation 100 can be pre-cut and prepared at the factory.

In the configuration described, the section of the rail 5 is made by five bends. In an economic variant, the rail 5 is a profile comprising a substantially horizontal shoulder, a substantially vertical wing intended to be fixed against a side wall 107 and a hooking hook wing 61. In this configuration, the rail 5 is made by two folds, which further reduces its manufacturing cost.

As can be seen in FIG. 1, the rails 5 are fixed close to the upper end of the side walls 107 and on the inner surface of said side walls 107. The rails 5 are arranged substantially horizontally against the side walls 107. The rails 5 may be arranged along the perimeter of the space to be developed if necessary. Fixing the rails 5 to the side walls 107 contributes to maintaining the plates of said side walls 107 between them and to their stiffening. The healds 5 then form an inner belt of the side walls 107.

Preferably, a ceiling 110 is added. The ceiling 110 then comprises plates of the same nature as the floor plates 101 and / or side walls 107. The ceiling plates may be thinner than the floor plates 101 and / or the side walls 107. The ceiling plates may have a thickness of 40 to 60% of the thickness of the plates of the floor 101 and / or the side walls 107. For example 8 mm plates are implemented for the ceiling 110. The ceiling builds on an upper part, for example the upper edge of the side walls 107. The ceiling can also be applied on "L" or "T" angles fixed in the upper part of the side walls 107 or on the upper shoulders 53 of the 5. The smooth 5 then serve as a mechanical intermediate to support the weight of the ceiling by the side walls 107 and indirectly by the floor 101.

Alternatively, additional rails are installed at various heights of the side walls 107.

The profile and dimensions of the rails and rails described above correspond to some embodiments. The dimensions can each be selected within a range of plus or minus 20% from the previous values. The choice of a profile made by folding the rail 3 and / or the rail 5 reduces manufacturing costs. Preferably, the profile of the rail 5 has a dimension, in the direction of the thickness of the side wall 107 to which said rail 5 is fixed, greater than 10 mm so as to stiffen said side walls 107. The buckling and the veiling of the side walls 107 are reduced. In the example of FIGS. 6 to 8, this dimension corresponds substantially to the width X53. The width X53 is preferably greater than 15 mm.

The hook 61 of the stringer 5 as described above makes it possible to hang objects against the side walls 107. The arrangement and storage of the interior space is thus facilitated. With the particular arrangement described later, the interior design of the room allows even more efficient organization of the space.

In general, the consoles 200 designate storage units arranged to be suspended from the rails 5. As can be seen in FIG. 1, the brackets 200 may have different configurations. In a first example, a console 200 comprises a horizontal plate 201, a pair of racks 9 and a pair of brackets 11. The console 200 then takes the form of a shelf.

Figures 9 to 11 show an embodiment of a rack 9. The rack 9 has a main portion made in the form of a profile having a section "U". The rack 9 comprises a main wall 91 and two edge walls 93, which form the flanks of the rack 9. The edge walls 93 are substantially symmetrical with respect to one another along a median plane perpendicular to the main wall 91 and parallel to the longitudinal direction of the rack 9. In a sectional view of the profile, the edge walls 93 extend substantially perpendicularly from each edge of the main wall 91.

An upper end portion of the rack 9 extends the main portion. The upper end portion is formed by an extension of the main wall 91 beyond the end of the edge walls 93. This extension is folded into a hooking wing forming a hook 95. The hook 95 is arranged to cooperate with the hook 61 of the rails 5. In this configuration, the end portion and the main portion are monobloc. Alternatively, the hook 95 is an insert and attached to the main part.

The main wall 91 includes apertures 99 through. The openings 99 are, here, notches of elongated rectangular shape. The openings 99 are arranged in two parallel rows and oriented in the longitudinal direction of the rack 9. The openings 99 each extend over a length Y99, here about 25 millimeters. The openings 99 of each row are mutually spaced a distance Y'99, here about 25 millimeters. The openings 99 may have a width of between 2 and 3 mm, for example 2.4 mm. The longitudinal distance between two openings 99 may be substantially equal to their length. The lateral distance between two openings 99 of two rows may be substantially equal to twice the lateral distance between an opening 99 and the adjacent edge of the rack 9. Said lateral distance may be between 20 and 40 mm, for example 30 mm. In addition to the openings 99, the rack 9 comprises fixing holes 97 arranged between two openings 99.

In the example shown in Figures 9 to 11, the rack 9 has a length of about 1.8 meters. The rack 9 can be cut to be adjusted to the dimensions of the spaces to be developed. The width Xg of the edge walls 93 is about 16 millimeters. The width Yg of the main wall 91 is about 65 millimeters. The upper end portion projects from edge walls 93 along a length Z'g of about 22 millimeters. The hooking wing forming the hook 95 forms an angle γ with the main wall 91, here about 45 °. The wing attachment extends over a distance Vg, about 14 millimeters. In the direction of the thickness of the rack 9 (in the X direction), the gripping wing extends over a thickness X'g, about 13 millimeters, chosen smaller than the width X g of the edge walls. 93.

In the example described here, the rack 9 is obtained by folding a metal plate, for example based on galvanized steel. The metal plate has a thickness Eg, of about 1.5 millimeters. In the installed state, the rack 9 is suspended from the rail 5 by means of its hook 95. The free edge of each of the edge walls 93 of the rack 9 bears against the inner surface of a side wall 107. Thus, a space between the main wall 91 and the side wall 107 is maintained. The gap between the main wall 91 and the side wall 107 substantially corresponds to the width X'g of the edge walls 93. The weight of the rack 9 is essentially supported by the rail 5 to which said rack 9 is hooked. In the example described here, the rack 9 is also fixed substantially in vertical position against the side wall 107 by screwing. This additional attachment improves the immobilization of the rack 9 relative to the side wall 107. In particular, the accidental stall of the rack 9 of the bar 5 is prevented.

Figures 12 to 14 show another embodiment of a rack 9. Similar parts are designated by the same references as for Figures 9 to II. The rack 9 of Figures 12 to 14 here has a single row of openings 99 centered on the width of the main wall 91. The width Yg of the main wall 91 is between 30 and 40 millimeters.

Figure 15 shows a pair of brackets 11 arranged to cooperate with a pair of racks 9. The brackets 11 are symmetrical to each other. The bracket 11 has a generally triangular shape. The bracket 11 comprises a plate 111. The plate 111 has a general shape of a right triangle. The plate 111 is obtained by cutting a blank sheet. The edge forming the hypotenuse of the right triangle is substantially curved towards the center of the plate 111. The edge forming the long side of the right triangle supports the plate 201. The bracket 11 comprises a free end opposite the rack 9 provided with an upward bulge forming a retaining hook of a plate 201 laid on the long side. The hook may have a height of 4 mm. The plate 111 may have a width of 350 mm. The plate 111 may have a height of 81 mm. The bracket 11 may have a thickness of 2 mm.

Optionally, a sheet ply is made on said long side to provide increased bearing surface and improved stiffness.

The short side edge of the right triangle has two tabs 115. The period of the tabs 115 may be 50 mm. The width of the tabs 115 may be 10 mm.

Optionally, at least two bosses are formed in said plate III. The bosses may be arranged between the lugs 115 or interposed between the lugs 115. The bosses are in opposite directions in the direction of the thickness of the plate 111. The bosses are in contact with the main wall 91 of the rack 9 between two apertures 99. The bosses stabilize the plate 111. A pivoting of the bracket about an axis passing through the edge forming small side is avoided.

The legs 115 protrude from the short side. The legs 115 and the wing 111 are substantially coplanar. The two tabs 115 are substantially identical in shape. The two tabs 115 are substantially aligned and similarly oriented and spaced a multiple of the distance Y'9 separating the openings 99. A notch 119 is formed between each of the tabs 115 and the short side. The notches 119 have a thickness chosen to correspond to the thickness Eg of the main wall 91 of the rack 9. In general, the shapes and dimensions of the brackets 11, racks 9 and notches 99 are chosen in view of their thickness. cooperation.

The tabs 115 and the openings 99 are mutually arranged so that the tabs 115 fit into at least some of the openings 99. This allows the brackets 11 to be suspended from the racks 9 by means of the tabs 115 and the openings 99. During assembly, the brackets 11 are fixed to the racks 9 by the insertion of the tabs 115 in the notches 99.

In the installation 100 according to FIG. 1, two racks 9 are fixed, one at a distance from the other. The racks 9 are parallel to each other. The racks 9 are affixed to the inner surface of one of the side walls 107. Each rack 9 respectively supports a bracket 11. The brackets 11 are arranged substantially at the same height. In such a configuration, the long side edges of each of the brackets 11 are substantially coplanar. The edges forming the long side serve as support for the horizontal plate 201, like a shelf. In the case where a wall accommodates more than two racks 9, said racks 9 are mounted at equal intervals. The racks 9 are mounted at the same height. The openings 99 of the same rank of the racks 9 are mounted at the same height. Modularity is assured.

In what has just been described, the assembly comprising the horizontal plate 201, the pair of brackets 11 and the pair of racks 9 form an example of console 200.

In another example, the console 200 comprises the horizontal plate 201 and two lateral uprights 203 mounted under the horizontal plate 201. Each lateral upright 203 is fixed to the plate 201. The lateral uprights 203 are each substantially perpendicular to the plate 201. In a variant, the console 200 comprises a lower plate mounted under the lateral uprights 203.

In other examples, the plate 201 and / or the lateral uprights 203 can serve as a basis for forming more complex storage cupboards type, drawers, wardrobes, wine racks, etc..

In the examples described here, the term "console" is to be understood in the general sense of storage module. Indeed, many combinations are possible in the manufacture of the consoles 200. Each console 200 is provided with suspension means, for example the hooks 95 of the racks 9. The suspension means are arranged to allow to suspend the brackets 200 to the rails 5 .

The positions of the consoles 200 are interchangeable along the rails 5 as well as between the different rails 5. In one embodiment where the racks 9 are further fixed to the side walls 107 by screwing, the withdrawal and the hooking remain nevertheless easy and fast.

Consoles 200 fixed by means of racks 9 may be superimposed. In this case, a pair of racks 9 completed by N pairs of brackets 11 is sufficient to suspend N consoles 200 to a smooth 5, N being a strictly positive integer In other words, the pair of racks 9 is common to several consoles 200.

Consoles 200 fixed by means of racks 9 can be hung side by side. In this case, a rack 9 with double rows of openings 99 as shown in Figures 9 to 11 is disposed between two rack 9 single row of openings 99 as shown in Figures 12 to 14. The rack 9 central double rows of openings is common to two sets of consoles 200 side-by-side.

In other embodiments, the consoles 200 comprise plates 7. An example of plate 7 is shown in FIGS. 17 and 18. The plate 7 is a substantially rectangular plate, one side of which is provided with two tabs 75. The tab 75 of the plate 7 are similar in shape and dimensions to the tabs 115 described above. A notch 79 formed between the tab 75 and the side of the plate 7 has a thickness chosen to correspond to the thickness Eg of the main wall 91 of the rack 9. In general, the shapes and dimensions of the plates 7, their tab 75, and racks 9 and their notches 99 are arranged to be selected for their cooperation. A plate 7 may have a width of 50 mm, a thickness of 2 mm and a height of 80 mm. The period of the legs can be 50 mm. The width of the legs can be 10 mm.

During assembly, the plates 7 are fixed to the racks 9 by the insertion of the tabs 75 in the notches 99. The tabs 75 and the openings 99 are mutually arranged so that the tabs 75 fit into at least some of the openings 99. This allows the plates 7 to be suspended from the racks 9 by means of the tabs 75 and the openings 99.

The plates 7 are fixed to the other elements of the console 200 to which said plates 7 belong, for example through the mounting holes 77 provided to facilitate screwing or nailing. For example, the plates 7 are fixed against the lateral uprights 203 so that the tabs 75 project from the rear edge of the lateral uprights 203. The plates 7 are fixed on an inner face of the lateral uprights 203, the lateral uprights 203 providing an outer surface smooth for the furniture thus formed. Two pieces of furniture can be installed edge to edge, avoiding creating a difficult area to clean.

The two-legged configuration 115 vertically aligned squares 11 gives them good stability once installed in a rack 9. A console 200 is well supported by brackets 11 or platens 7 which are fixed in a lower part, under the center of gravity, console 200.

The bi-tab configuration 75 and without fold of the plates 7 gives them a low manufacturing cost, a small footprint and great adaptability. A console 200 is well suspended by plates 7 which are fixed in an upper part, above the center of gravity, of the console 200.

In each of the aforementioned embodiments, a plurality of lugs 75, 115 are mutually arranged in correspondence of the openings 99 of the racks 9 so that the lugs 75, 115 fit into at least some of the openings 99 and that the console 200 is suspended from the racks 9 via the tabs 75, 115 and openings 99.

In another embodiment shown in Figures 19-21, the brackets 200 comprise at least one pair of angles 13G and 13D shown in Figure 19 and symmetrical to each other. The angle 13G comprises: a first wall 131, a second wall 132 and a suspension hook wall 133. The angle 13G is obtained by bending at right angles to an elongated plate, for example galvanized steel. The folding forms the first wall 131 and second wall 132 perpendicular.

The suspension hook wall 133 extends from an edge of the second wall 132, the edge being perpendicular to the main plane of the first wall 131. The suspension hook wall 133 extends perpendicularly to the main plane of each of the first wall 131 and the second wall 132 and opposite the first wall 131. The free end of the suspension hook wall 133 is folded outwardly of the angle iron 13G so as to form a suspension hook 133 similar to the hook 95 of the rack 9. The suspension hook 133 is arranged to cooperate with the hook 61 of the rail 5. In the installed state, the first wall 131 is fixed by screwing to a lateral upright 203 of the console 200. The second wall 132 is screwed to the plate 201 of the console 200. In a variant, the pair of angles 13G and 13D is replaced by a single piece and monoblock similar to the pair of angles 13G and 13D but extending across the width of the console 200.

The console 200 is repositionable.

A console 200 may be provided with suspension means comprising for example: - a pair of racks 9 and a pair of brackets 11, - a pair of racks 9 and a pair of plates 7, - a pair of racks 9, a pair of brackets 11 and a pair of plates 7, - a pair of angles 13G and 13D. a combination of the preceding sets.

In variants of the previous embodiments, some of the consoles 200 further include spacers 300. An example of spacers 300 is shown in Figure 22. The spacer 300 is a part fixed on the one hand to the rest of the console 200 and resting against one of the side walls 107. In the embodiments described above, the presence of the suspension hooks 61, 95, 113 shows a gap between a rear part of the brackets 200 and the side walls 107. corresponding. The spacers 300 maintain said gap at the rear of the console 200. In particular, spacers 300 fixed at the rear and in a lower part of a console 200 oppose the tendency of a console 200 to lean forward towards the interior of the installation 100 under the effect of its weight. The spacers 300 make it possible to improve and fix the orientation of the consoles 200 in the space provided.

In the example shown in FIG. 22, the spacer 300 comprises a large wing 301 arranged to be fixed against a rear portion of a lateral upright 203. The spacer 300 comprises a small wing 303 arranged to bear against a wall 107. The large wing 301 and the small wing 303 are connected perpendicularly.

In the case of storage cabinet, drawer, wardrobe, etc., the side walls 107 form a vertical bottom for the brackets 200.

Such storage, closet type, drawer, wardrobe, etc. are repositionable.

As can be seen in FIG. 1, reinforcing and spacing bars 130 are fixed between two parallel side walls 107 and facing each other. The bars 130 are disposed substantially perpendicularly to the side walls 107. The bars 130 are here supported by the holes 63 of the rails 5. The bars 130 may be tubular. The bars 130 are here made of galvanized steel. The holes 63 form supports of the bars 130. The holes 63 are formed at regular intervals.

A hole 63 is formed by cutting in a rail 5, more precisely by a U-shaped notch 63a in the inner wall 55 and by a trapezoidal notch 63b in the upper shoulder 53. The U-shaped notch 63a is adapted to support a tubular round bar 130. The trapezoidal notch 63b provides a passage for inserting the bar 130 into the U63a-shaped notch. The trapezoidal notch 63b is narrow near the U-shaped notch 63a and wide near the upper flange 51. Thus, a bar 130 having a defect of perpendicularity with respect to the heald 5 may nevertheless fit in the hole 63. The trapezoidal notch 63b offers a game in the assembly. The bar 130 has a length equal to or slightly less than the distance between the upper wings 51 of two rails 5 and greater than the distance between an upper wing 51 of a first rail 5 and the inner wall 55 of a second rail 5 glance of the first smooth 5. The bars 130 are thus removable. The bars 130 can be disengaged from the top. The bars 130 are repositionable.

The bars 130 further improve the rigidity and strength of the installation 100. The bars 130 are preferably installed at a height greater than the standard size of a man to facilitate the circulation in the installation 100. The bars 130 can be used to hang objects such as hangers. The presence of several bars 130, as shown in Figure 1, allows to store high objects long and bulky such as skis or a ladder.

Most of the parts constituting the installation 100 are supported, directly or indirectly, by the floor 101 and the feet 105. The contact between the installation 100 and the pre-existing enclosure that accommodates it can be minimized. This promotes the thermal insulation, the water repellency of the installation 100 and generally the health of the interior space. The installation 100 has been described by substantially following a chronology of assembly steps. The invention also relates to an installation kit comprising at least some of the parts described above and for carrying out the installation by following the mounting method that follows from the previous description. The invention proposes an installation adaptable to spaces, enclosures or rooms of various sizes and shapes. The space to be developed can be attic, vaulted, crossed by obstacles such as beams, pipes, etc. The installation proposed here includes low cost manufacturing parts and low installation cost. In general, parts can be manufactured and cut beforehand at the factory, then assembled on site by a single operator and using basic tools. The interior space newly created by such an installation allows an optimization of the space adapted especially for storage, with conditions of health and humidity better controlled. The invention is not limited to the examples of installation, kit and mounting methods described above, only as examples, but it encompasses all the variants that may be considered by those skilled in the art in the the scope of the claims below.

Claims (10)

  1. claims
    1. Interior installation installation of an enclosure, in particular a cellar, comprising: - a floor (101) including at least one plate (103) based on wood oriented strips of length greater than 20 millimeters, based on a plurality of feet (105) of adjustable heights, the floor (101) being distant from the base of the feet (105), - rails (3) received on the floor (101) and extending along at least a portion of the perimeter of the floor (101), - a plurality of side walls (107) each being formed of at least one plate based on oriented wood slats of lengths greater than 20 millimeters, and being housed in at least one rail (3). ), the side walls (107) supporting at least one shaped rail (5) comprising a suspension hook (61), - a bracket (200) comprising a plate (201) and two lateral uprights (203) fixed to the plate (201). ), and at least one suspension hook (95, 133) arranged to cooperate with the suspension hook (61) of the beam (5) so as to retain the bracket (200).
  2. 2. Installation according to claim 1 wherein the bracket (200) further comprises: - a pair of profiled racks (9), each rack (9) comprising a main wall (91) and two substantially perpendicular edge walls (93). to the main wall (91), the main wall (91) being provided with elongated rectangular openings (99) arranged in one or more parallel rows in the longitudinal direction of the rack (9), the rack (9) comprising a portion main one piece with the suspension hook (95) of the console (200), the rack (9) being suspended from the rail (5) by the suspension hook (95) and fixed substantially vertically against the side wall (107), and a plurality of tabs (75, 115) integral with the plate (201) and / or with the uprights (203) and cooperating in engagement with the rack (9), the tabs (75, 115) and the openings (99) being mutually arranged in such a way that aque tab (75,115) is inserted into an opening (99) and that the plate (201) and / or the uprights (203) are suspended from the racks (9) by means of the tabs (75, 115) and openings (99).
  3. 3. Installation according to claim 2 wherein the bracket (200) further comprises a pair of brackets (11), each of the brackets (11) comprising a plate (111) carrying said tabs (115) and supporting the plate (201). ), two bosses may be formed in said plate (111) in opposite directions in the direction of the thickness of said plate (111), the bosses being in contact with the main wall (91).
  4. 4. Installation according to one of claims 2 or 3 wherein the bracket (200) comprises a plate (7) provided with at least one tab (75), the tab (75) being inserted into one of the openings ( 99), the plate (7) being fixed by screwing to one of the lateral uprights (203).
  5. 5. Installation according to one of claims 2 to 4, wherein the racks (9) are mounted equidistant from each other and at the same height.
  6. 6. Installation according to one of the preceding claims wherein the bracket (200) further comprises at least one bracket (13), the bracket (13) comprising a first wall (131) screwed to a side jamb (203). a second wall (132) attached to the plate (201) and a suspension hook wall (133) extending from an edge of the second wall (132) perpendicular to each of the first wall (131) and the second wall (132). wall (132) substantially opposite the first wall (131), the free end of the suspension hook wall (133) being folded so as to cooperate with the suspension hook (61) of the arm (5); ).
  7. 7. Installation according to one of the preceding claims comprising a ceiling including at least one plate (103) based oriented oriented strips of wood length greater than 20 millimeters, the ceiling having a thickness less than the floor.
  8. 8. Installation according to one of the preceding claims further comprising at least one bar (130) disposed between two side walls (107) parallel to each other, the bar (130) being disposed substantially perpendicular to the side walls (107), the rails (5) side walls (107) comprising supports (63) of said bar (130).
  9. 9. Installation according to claim 8, wherein at least one support (63) comprises a first support notch of said bar (130), formed in a first wall of the rail (5) and a second insertion notch of said bar (130) formed in a second wall of the rail (5), the second wall being disposed above the first wall, the second notch having a trapezoidal shape with a small base forming the top of the first notch.
  10. 10. Installation kit for an installation according to one of the preceding claims comprising: - at least one plate (103) based on wood slats lengths greater than 20 millimeters to form the floor (101), - a plurality of feet (105) of adjustable heights arranged to support the floor (101), - rails (3) arranged to be arranged on the floor (101) along at least a portion of the perimeter of the floor (101), - a plurality of slab-based boards having lengths greater than 20 millimeters, to form sidewalls (107) and arranged to be accommodated in the rails (3) and supported by the floor (101), - at least one stringer (5) profile comprising a suspension hook (61) and arranged to be fixed and supported by the side walls (107), - at least one plate (201), two lateral uprights (203) and a suspension hook (95, 113) to form a bracket (200), the hook of sus pension (95, 113) being arranged to cooperate with the suspension hook (61) of the rail (5) so that the bracket (200) is suspended from the rail (5) by the suspension hooks (61, 95, 113).
FR1653816A 2016-04-28 2016-04-28 Installation for the interior fitting of a cellar Active FR3050627B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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FR1653816A FR3050627B1 (en) 2016-04-28 2016-04-28 Installation for the interior fitting of a cellar

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR1653816A FR3050627B1 (en) 2016-04-28 2016-04-28 Installation for the interior fitting of a cellar
EP17168629.8A EP3239433A1 (en) 2016-04-28 2017-04-28 Installation for arranging the inside of a cellar

Publications (2)

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FR3050627A1 true FR3050627A1 (en) 2017-11-03
FR3050627B1 FR3050627B1 (en) 2018-06-01

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EP (1) EP3239433A1 (en)
FR (1) FR3050627B1 (en)

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2449934A (en) * 2007-06-08 2008-12-10 Protrend Co Ltd A wall mounted rack assembly
US20130025220A1 (en) * 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Haworth, Inc. Reusable Architectural Wall

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2449934A (en) * 2007-06-08 2008-12-10 Protrend Co Ltd A wall mounted rack assembly
US20130025220A1 (en) * 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Haworth, Inc. Reusable Architectural Wall

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EP3239433A1 (en) 2017-11-01
FR3050627B1 (en) 2018-06-01

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