FR2957405A1 - Device for installing metal frame integrated solar panel utilized on roofs of metal vats, has first section forming base on metal frame edge, and second section forming cap, where sections are assembled by fixing unit - Google Patents

Device for installing metal frame integrated solar panel utilized on roofs of metal vats, has first section forming base on metal frame edge, and second section forming cap, where sections are assembled by fixing unit Download PDF

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Publication number
FR2957405A1
FR2957405A1 FR1051733A FR1051733A FR2957405A1 FR 2957405 A1 FR2957405 A1 FR 2957405A1 FR 1051733 A FR1051733 A FR 1051733A FR 1051733 A FR1051733 A FR 1051733A FR 2957405 A1 FR2957405 A1 FR 2957405A1
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France
Prior art keywords
forming
vertical extension
vertical
base
cap
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Granted
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FR1051733A
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French (fr)
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FR2957405B1 (en
Inventor
Mathieu Debonnet
Sebastien Moll
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ALTUS ENERGY
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ALTUS ENERGY
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/20Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object
    • H02S20/22Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings
    • H02S20/23Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings specially adapted for roof structures
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/30Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors
    • F24S25/33Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors forming substantially planar assemblies, e.g. of coplanar or stacked profiles
    • F24S25/35Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors forming substantially planar assemblies, e.g. of coplanar or stacked profiles by means of profiles with a cross-section defining separate supporting portions for adjacent modules
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/63Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for fixing modules or their peripheral frames to supporting elements
    • F24S25/634Clamps; Clips
    • F24S25/636Clamps; Clips clamping by screw-threaded elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/65Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for coupling adjacent supporting elements, e.g. for connecting profiles together
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2025/01Special support components; Methods of use
    • F24S2025/022Sealing means between support elements, e.g. overlapping arrangements; Gap closing arrangements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2025/80Special profiles
    • F24S2025/806Special profiles having curved portions
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The device has a first section (1) forming base on an edge of a metal frame of a solar panel (3), and provided with a vertical extension. A second section (2) is arranged to form a cap carried by another vertical extension (19) ready to cooperate with the former vertical extension of the first section by a socket, where the cap is in a form of a cover. The sections are assembled by a fixing unit (21) i.e. screw, that co-operates with the vertical extensions of the sections.

Description

i L'invention concerne la pose de panneaux solaires sur des toitures formées de bacs métalliques. Les panneaux solaires sont généralement montés dans un cadre métallique livré brut par les fabricants aux installateurs. Ces derniers doivent faire leur affaire des moyens de leur fixation sur les supports qui doivent les accueillir, le plus souvent des toitures. Selon un procédé connu, pour l'installation de panneaux solaires sur des toitures, on procède à un dégarnissage de la couverture existante, puis on pose sur les liteaux de la charpente des bacs métalliques, sur lesquels on vient fixer des profilés agencés pour accueillir par pincement les chants des cadres métalliques de chaque panneau. Il faut disposer d'un profilé spécifique pour chaque type de panneau en raison du fait que l'épaisseur de ceux-ci est très variable d'un constructeur à l'autre, voire à l'intérieur de la gamme offerte par chaque constructeur. Dans le cas où l'on dispose d'un profilé dont la largeur est supérieure à l'épaisseur des cadres des panneaux à poser on utilise des cales pour assurer le coincement du cadre dans la gorge du profilé Il en résulte que la pose est relativement complexe et longue donc coûteuse. De plus les panneaux sont très faciles à démonter à l'aide d'outils du 20 commerce, ce qui rend les facilement volables. La présente invention à pour but de proposer un dispositif d'installation de panneaux solaires qui évite au moins certains des inconvénients précités, notamment quant à la simplification de sa mise en oeuvre et à son adaptabilité aux variations d'épaisseur des panneaux offerts sur le marché. 25 A cet effet, l'invention a pour objet un dispositif d'installation de panneaux solaires, munis d'un cadre métallique, caractérisé en ce qu'il comporte deux profilés emboitables l'un dans l'autre, le premier profilé formant un socle sur lequel vient reposer un chant du cadre d'un panneau solaire ledit profilé étant en outre muni d'un extension verticale, le second profilé formant une coiffe portée par une extension verticale apte à coopérer par emboitement avec l'extension verticale du premier profilé, les hauteurs respectives des dites extensions verticales du premier et du second profilé leur permettant d'être engagés l'une sur l'autre selon une course variable, et en ce que l'assemblage des deux profilés est assuré par des moyens de fixation coopérant avec lesdites extensions. Grâce à cette combinaison de moyens, l'installation des panneaux est très grandement simplifiée puisqu'il n'est plus nécessaire de les engager à force dans les gorges des profilés de l'art antérieur, mais simplement de les déposer sur le socle formé par le premier profilé, ajuster le capot par emboitement sur le premier profilé jusqu'à ce qu'il vienne en butée contre le chant du panneau et de mettre en oeuvre le moyen de fixation. De plus la course de réglage procurée par les extensions verticales des deux profilés procure une adaptabilité du dispositif à toutes les hauteurs de cadre des différents fournisseurs de panneaux photovoltaïques. Selon un mode de réalisation particulièrement avantageux, les moyens de fixation coopérant aves les extensions verticales du socle et du capot sont des vis dites de sécurité ou inviolables, dont la tête est agencée de manière à ne donner aucune prise aux outils conventionnels. Cette disposition rend les panneaux beaucoup moins facilement démontables donc moins sujets au vol. Selon d'autres caractéristiques avantageuses : - l'extension verticale du second profilé formant coiffe est en forme de chape et s'emboite sur l'extension verticale du premier profilé formant socle, - que l'extension verticale du premier profilé formant socle est en forme de 5 chape et s'emboite sur l'extension verticale du second profilé formant coiffe, - le premier profilé formant socle comporte une partie d'appui horizontale délimitée par deux ailes divergentes vers l'extérieur, l'une se raccordant à l'extension verticale, l'autre portant une console de réception qui s'étend io vers l'intérieur parallèlement à la partie d'appui, - la console présente, au moins dans les zones d'extrémité du profilé, une gorge destiné à recevoir une tige de liaison entre de profilés adjacents, - l'extension verticale forme une rainure de réception pour la tige d'une vis de fixation, 15 - le premier profilé comporte deux parties d'appui symétriques de part et d'autre d'une extension verticale médiane, - la partie d'appui du premier profilé formant socle comporte des ouvertures oblongues, - le second profilé formant capot est muni de deux ailes sensiblement 20 horizontales se raccordant à une extension verticale constituée par deux pattes verticales formant une rainure d'emboitement par l'intermédiaire d'une âme tubulaire, - l'une des ailes du second profilé formant capot se prolonge jusqu'au dessous de l'extension verticale, - les moyens de fixation coopérant avec les extensions verticales des premier et second profilés sont des vis auto taraudeuses. D'autres caractéristiques et avantages de l'invention ressortiront de la 5 description qui suit d'un exemple non limitatif de réalisation d'un dispositif conforme à l'invention, en référence aux dessins annexés dans lesquels : la Figure 1 est une vue en section du premier profilé formant socle selon l'invention avec représentation partielle d'un chant de panneau solaire reposant sur une console de réception dudit profilé, 10 la Figure 2 est une vue similaire à la Figure 1 illustrant l'emboitement du second profilé formant capot, la Figure 3 est une vue similaire à la figure 2 montrant la fixation d'un panneau solaire entre les premier et second profilé au moyen d'une vis coopérant avec les extensions verticales desdits profilés, 15 la Figure 4 est une vue en perspective illustrant le montage représenté sur la Figure 3, la Figure 5 est une vue en perspective partielle du raccordement de deux profilés formant socle avec mise en place de tiges de liaison, la Figure 6 est une vue partielle schématique en plan d'un profilé formant 20 socle avec ses ouvertures oblongues, et la Figure 7 est une vue en perspective illustrant le montage d'un capot de rive sur un dispositif selon l'invention. En se reportant aux figures, on voit que le dispositif d'installation de panneaux solaires selon l'invention est constitué essentiellement d'un 25 premier profilé formant socle 1 coopérant à emboitement avec un second profilé 2 formant capot pour enserrer un panneau solaire 3 par un chant de son cadre. Le premier profilé formant socle 1 représenté à titre d'exemple sur les figures comporte deux parties horizontales d'appui 4, chaque partie d'appui 4 étant délimitée par deux ailes divergentes vers l'extérieur, l'une 5 se raccordant à une extension verticale 7, l'autre 6 portant une console 8 de réception qui s'étend vers l'intérieur parallèlement à la partie d'appui 4. Dans cet exemple, l'extension verticale 7 est constituée par deux parois 9 et 10 prolongeant respectivement vers le haut les ailes adjacentes 6 des deux io parties d'appui 4. Les deux parois 9 et 10 définissent avec l'entretoise 11 une rainure de réception 12. Au dessous de l'entretoise 11, les deux ailes 6 sont reliées entre elles par seconde entretoise 13. Les deux ailes 6 portent également deux nervures 14 et 15. Le second profilé formant capot 2 est constitué par une partie supérieure 15 sensiblement horizontale et légèrement arquée définissant deux ailes opposées 16 et 17. Les ailes 16 et 17 se raccordent à une extension verticale constituée par deux pattes 19 et 20 dirigées vers le bas par l'intermédiaire d'une âme tubulaire 18. L'écartement entre les pattes 19 et 20 est tel qu'il permette leur ajustement coulissant avec les parois 9 et 10 de l'extension 20 verticale 7 du premier profilé 1 lors de l'emboitement du second profilé 2. La longueur respective des parois 9, 10 et des pattes 19, 20 procure à cet emboitement une course variable qui assure l'adaptabilité du dispositif aux différentes épaisseurs des cadres de panneaux solaires usuellement proposés sur le marché. Cette épaisseur varie en pratique de 35 à 50mm. 25 Les nervures 14 et 15 accueillent les extrémités des pattes 19 et 20 dans la position la plus basse possible du second profilé 2. The invention relates to the installation of solar panels on roofs formed of metal bins. Solar panels are usually mounted in a raw metal frame supplied by manufacturers to installers. The latter must do their business means of their attachment to the supports that must accommodate them, usually roofs. According to a known method, for the installation of solar panels on roofs, it is proceeded to a stripping of the existing cover, then we put on the battens of the metal frame trusses, on which we just fix profiles arranged to accommodate by pinching the edges of the metal frames of each panel. It is necessary to have a specific profile for each type of panel due to the fact that the thickness of these is very variable from one manufacturer to another, or even within the range offered by each manufacturer. In the case where there is a profile whose width is greater than the thickness of the frames of the panels to be installed wedges are used to secure the frame in the groove of the profile It follows that the pose is relatively complex and long so expensive. In addition the panels are very easy to disassemble with the help of commercial tools, which makes them easily stolen. The purpose of the present invention is to propose a device for installing solar panels which avoids at least some of the aforementioned drawbacks, in particular as regards the simplification of its implementation and its adaptability to the thickness variations of the panels offered on the market. . To this end, the invention relates to a device for installing solar panels, provided with a metal frame, characterized in that it comprises two profiles nestable one in the other, the first section forming a base on which comes to rest a song of the frame of a solar panel said profile being further provided with a vertical extension, the second section forming a cap carried by a vertical extension adapted to cooperate by interlocking with the vertical extension of the first section , the respective heights of said vertical extensions of the first and second section allowing them to be engaged one on the other in a variable stroke, and in that the assembly of the two sections is provided by cooperating fastening means with said extensions. With this combination of means, the installation of the panels is greatly simplified because it is no longer necessary to force them into the grooves of the profiles of the prior art, but simply to deposit them on the base formed by the first section, adjust the cover by interlocking on the first section until it abuts against the edge of the panel and implement the fixing means. In addition the adjustment stroke provided by the vertical extensions of the two profiles provides adaptability of the device to all the frame heights of different suppliers of photovoltaic panels. According to a particularly advantageous embodiment, the fastening means cooperating with the vertical extensions of the base and the cover are so-called security screws or tamper-proof, whose head is arranged to give no grip to conventional tools. This arrangement makes the panels much less easily removable so less subject to theft. According to other advantageous characteristics: the vertical extension of the second section forming a cap is in the form of a clevis and fits on the vertical extension of the first section forming a base; the vertical extension of the first section forming a base is in clevis shape and fits on the vertical extension of the second profile forming a cap, - the first section forming a base comprises a horizontal bearing portion defined by two diverging wings outwardly, one connecting to the vertical extension, the other carrying a reception console which extends inward parallel to the support portion, - the console has, at least in the end zones of the profile, a groove for receiving a connecting rod between adjacent sections, - the vertical extension forms a receiving groove for the rod of a fixing screw, - the first section comprises two symmetrical bearing parts on either side of an exte median vertical nsion, - the bearing portion of the first base section comprises oblong openings, - the second bonnet section is provided with two substantially horizontal wings connected to a vertical extension formed by two vertical legs forming a groove d. interlocking via a tubular core, - one of the wings of the second bonnet section extends to below the vertical extension, - the fastening means cooperating with the vertical extensions of the first and second profiles are self-tapping screws. Other features and advantages of the invention will emerge from the following description of a nonlimiting embodiment of a device according to the invention, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which: FIG. section of the first base section according to the invention with partial representation of a solar panel edge resting on a receiving bracket of said profile, Figure 2 is a view similar to Figure 1 illustrating the interlocking of the second section forming a hood 3 is a view similar to FIG. 2 showing the attachment of a solar panel between the first and second profiles by means of a screw cooperating with the vertical extensions of said profiles. FIG. 4 is a perspective view illustrating 5 is a partial perspective view of the connection of two base profiles with the installation of connecting rods, FIG. a schematic partial view in plan of a section forming a base with its oblong openings, and FIG. 7 is a perspective view illustrating the mounting of an edge cap on a device according to the invention. Referring to the figures, it can be seen that the installation device for solar panels according to the invention consists essentially of a first section forming a base 1 cooperating with a second section 2 forming a cover for gripping a solar panel 3 by a song from his frame. The first base section 1 represented by way of example in the figures comprises two horizontal bearing portions 4, each bearing portion 4 being delimited by two diverging wings towards the outside, one 5 being connected to an extension vertical 7, the other 6 carrying a reception console 8 which extends inward parallel to the bearing portion 4. In this example, the vertical extension 7 is constituted by two walls 9 and 10 respectively extending to the upper adjacent wings 6 of the two support portions 4. The two walls 9 and 10 define with the spacer 11 a receiving groove 12. Below the spacer 11, the two wings 6 are interconnected by second strut 13. The two wings 6 also carry two ribs 14 and 15. The second cover section 2 is constituted by a substantially horizontal and slightly arcuate upper portion 15 defining two opposite wings 16 and 17. The wings 16 and 17 are connected to a vertical extension constituted by two lugs 19 and 20 directed downwards by means of a tubular core 18. The spacing between the lugs 19 and 20 is such that it allows their sliding fit with the walls 9 and 10 of the vertical extension 7 of the first profile 1 when the second profile 2 is engaged. The respective length of the walls 9, 10 and lugs 19, 20 provides this fitting with a variable stroke which ensures the adaptability the device to different thicknesses of solar panel frames usually available on the market. This thickness varies in practice from 35 to 50mm. The ribs 14 and 15 receive the ends of the tabs 19 and 20 in the lowest possible position of the second section 2.
Comme on le voit sur les figures 3 et 4, après mise en place du profilé 2, l'ensemble est fixé au moyen d'une vis auto taraudeuse 21 engagée dans le capot du profilé 2 et dans l'entretoise 11 du profilé 1. De préférence, la vis 21 est du type inviolable, c'est-à-dire que sa tête est agencée de manière à ne donner aucune prise aux outils conventionnels. Des vis de ce type sont par exemple connues sur le marché sous la dénomination commerciale STAR. On voit sur la figure 6 que les parties horizontales d'appui 4 du premier profilé 1 présentent à intervalles réguliers des ouvertures oblongues 22. De io préférence ces ouvertures 22 sont disposées le long d'un profilé 1 avec un pas de 500mm. La forme oblongue de ces trous est avantageuse car elle crée une dépression d'air qui assure l'évacuation des gouttelettes d'eau susceptibles de s'accumuler sur le profilé 1. En pratique les profilés 1 et 2 auront une longueur unitaire d'environ 6 15 mètres. La figure 5 illustre le raccordement entre eux de deux profilés 1 adjacents au moyen de tiges de liaison 23 engagées dans les gorges 24 portées par les consoles 8. De préférence, les tiges 23 sont en acier inoxydable et munies d'un joint de dilatation 25. Pour la pose de panneaux solaires avec le dispositif selon l'invention, on 20 procède de manière connue en soi au dégarnissage partiel de la couverture existant sur le toit à équiper, on installe dans la partie dégarnie une couverture de bacs métalliques ondulés fixés par vissage sur les liteaux de la charpente et l'on pose une bande d'étanchéité aux raccordements entre la partie restante de la couverture préexistante et les bacs métalliques. On fixe 25 ensuite les profilés 1 formant socle selon l'invention sur les sommets d'onde des bacs avec l'espacement requis pour former la structure de réception des panneaux à poser. Ensuite, comme on le voit schématiquement sur les figures 2, 3 et 4 les panneaux solaires 3 sont déposés sur les consoles 8 des premiers profilés 1, puis les seconds profilés 2 sont emboités sur l'extension verticale des premiers profilés 1 jusqu'à ce que leurs ailes 16 et/ou 17 viennent en contact avec les chants des panneaux 3 et l'on fixe l'ensemble s avec les vis 21. A cet égard, la rainure médiane 26 de la partie supérieure du second profilé 2 fait fonction de guide d'alignement et de perçage. Pour les rives hautes et basses de la structure d'accueil des panneaux 3, sur lesquelles seul un coté du premier profilé 1 reçoit des panneaux, on utilise un second profilé 2 visible sur la figure 7, dont l'une des ailes 27 se 10 prolonge vers le bas au-dessous de l'extension 19-20 jusqu'à venir au contact de l'aile 6 du premier profilé 1 de manière à fermer l'espace libre qui ne reçoit pas de panneau. De préférence, une entretoise 28 relie le bord de l'aile prolongée 27 à la patte adjacente 20 de l'extension verticale du second profilé 2.As can be seen in FIGS. 3 and 4, after placing the profile 2, the assembly is fixed by means of a self-tapping screw 21 engaged in the bonnet of the profile 2 and in the spacer 11 of the profile 1. Preferably, the screw 21 is of the inviolable type, that is to say that its head is arranged to give no grip to conventional tools. Screws of this type are for example known on the market under the trade name STAR. It can be seen in FIG. 6 that the horizontal bearing portions 4 of the first profile 1 have at regular intervals oblong openings 22. Preferably these openings 22 are arranged along a profile 1 with a pitch of 500 mm. The oblong shape of these holes is advantageous because it creates an air depression which ensures the evacuation of the water droplets that can accumulate on the profile 1. In practice the profiles 1 and 2 will have a unit length of about 6 meters. FIG. 5 illustrates the connection between them of two adjacent sections 1 by means of connecting rods 23 engaged in the grooves 24 carried by the brackets 8. Preferably, the rods 23 are made of stainless steel and provided with an expansion joint 25 For the installation of solar panels with the device according to the invention, the partial removal of the roof covering to be equipped is carried out in a manner known per se, a blanket of corrugated metal bins fixed in the recessed part is installed in the receding part. screwing on the battens of the framework and a sealing strip is applied to the connections between the remaining part of the pre-existing cover and the metal trays. The base profiles 1 according to the invention are then fixed on the wave-tops of the tanks with the spacing required to form the receiving structure of the panels to be laid. Then, as can be seen schematically in FIGS. 2, 3 and 4, the solar panels 3 are deposited on the brackets 8 of the first profiles 1, then the second sections 2 are fitted on the vertical extension of the first sections 1 until that their wings 16 and / or 17 come into contact with the edges of the panels 3 and the assembly s is fixed with the screws 21. In this respect, the middle groove 26 of the upper part of the second profile 2 acts as Alignment and drilling guide. For the high and low banks of the reception structure of the panels 3, on which only one side of the first profile 1 receives panels, a second section 2 is used, which can be seen in FIG. extends downward below the extension 19-20 until it comes into contact with the flange 6 of the first section 1 so as to close the free space which does not receive a panel. Preferably, a spacer 28 connects the edge of the extended wing 27 to the adjacent tab 20 of the vertical extension of the second section 2.
15 Bien que l'invention ait été décrite en relation avec un mode de réalisation préférentiel, il est bien évident qu'elle n'est nullement limitée à ce mode particulier de réalisation et qu'elle comprend tous les équivalents techniques des moyens décrits ainsi que leurs combinaisons si celles-ci 20 entrent dans le cadre de l'invention. Although the invention has been described in connection with a preferred embodiment, it is obvious that it is not limited to this particular embodiment and that it comprises all the technical equivalents of the means described as well as their combinations if they fall within the scope of the invention.

Claims (12)

  1. REVENDICATIONS1. Dispositif d'installation de panneaux solaires, munis d'un cadre métallique, caractérisé en ce qu'il comporte deux profilés emboitables l'un dans l'autre, le premier profilé (1) formant un socle sur lequel vient reposer un chant du cadre d'un panneau solaire (3) ledit profilé étant en outre muni d'une extension verticale (7) , le second profilé (2) formant une coiffe portée par une extension verticale (19-20) apte à coopérer par emboitement avec l'extension verticale (7) du premier profilé (1), les hauteurs respectives io des dites extensions verticales (7, 19-20) du premier et du second profilé leur permettant d'être engagés l'une sur l'autre selon une course variable, et en ce que l'assemblage des deux profilés (1, REVENDICATIONS1. Device for installing solar panels, provided with a metal frame, characterized in that it comprises two profiles nestable one inside the other, the first section (1) forming a base on which comes to rest a frame song a solar panel (3) said profile being further provided with a vertical extension (7), the second section (2) forming a cap carried by a vertical extension (19-20) adapted to cooperate by interlocking with the vertical extension (7) of the first profile (1), the respective heights io of said vertical extensions (7, 19-20) of the first and second section allowing them to be engaged one on the other in a variable stroke , and in that the assembly of the two sections (1,
  2. 2) est assuré par des moyens de fixation (21) coopérant avec lesdites extensions. 2. Dispositif selon la revendication 1 caractérisé en ce que l'extension 15 verticale (19-20) du second profilé (2) formant coiffe est en forme de chape et s'emboite sur l'extension verticale (7) du premier profilé (1) formant socle. 2) is provided by fastening means (21) cooperating with said extensions. 2. Device according to claim 1 characterized in that the vertical extension (19-20) of the second section (2) forming a cap is shaped screed and fits on the vertical extension (7) of the first section ( 1) forming a base.
  3. 3. Dispositif selon la revendication 1 caractérisé en ce que l'extension verticale (7) du premier profilé (1) formant socle est en forme de chape et 20 s'emboite sur l'extension verticale (19-20) du second profilé (2) formant coiffe. 3. Device according to claim 1 characterized in that the vertical extension (7) of the first section (1) forming a base is clevis-shaped and 20 fits on the vertical extension (19-20) of the second section ( 2) forming a cap.
  4. 4. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3 caractérisé en ce que le premier profilé (1) formant socle comporte une partie d'appui horizontale (4) délimitée par deux ailes (5, 6) divergentes vers l'extérieur, 25 l'une (6) se raccordant à l'extension verticale (7), l'autre (5) portant uneconsole (8) de réception qui s'étend vers l'intérieur parallèlement à la partie d'appui (4). 4. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 3 characterized in that the first section (1) forming a base comprises a horizontal bearing portion (4) defined by two wings (5, 6) diverging outwardly, One (6) connecting to the vertical extension (7), the other (5) carrying a receiving section (8) which extends inward parallel to the support portion (4).
  5. 5. Dispositif selon la revendication 4 caractérisé en ce que la console (8) présente, au moins dans les zones d'extrémité du profilé, une gorge (24) 5 destinée à recevoir une tige de liaison (23) entre de profilés adjacents. 5. Device according to claim 4 characterized in that the bracket (8) has, at least in the end regions of the profile, a groove (24) for receiving a connecting rod (23) between adjacent sections.
  6. 6. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5 caractérisé en ce que l'extension verticale (7) forme une rainure de réception (12) pour la tige d'une vis de fixation (21). 6. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 5 characterized in that the vertical extension (7) forms a receiving groove (12) for the rod of a fixing screw (21).
  7. 7. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 à 6 caractérisé en io ce que le premier profilé (1) comporte deux parties d'appui (4) symétriques de part et d'autre d'une extension verticale médiane (7). 7. Device according to any one of claims 4 to 6 characterized in that the first section (1) comprises two bearing portions (4) symmetrical on either side of a median vertical extension (7).
  8. 8. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 à 7 caractérisé en ce que la partie d'appui (4) du premier profilé (1) formant socle comporte des ouvertures oblongues (22). 15 8. Device according to any one of claims 4 to 7 characterized in that the support portion (4) of the first section (1) forming a base comprises oblong openings (22). 15
  9. 9. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8 caractérisé en ce que le second profilé (2) formant capot est muni de deux ailes sensiblement horizontales (16, 17) se raccordant à une extension verticale constituée par deux pattes verticales (19, 20) formant une rainure d'emboitement par l'intermédiaire d'une âme tubulaire (18). 20 9. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 8 characterized in that the second section (2) forming a cap is provided with two substantially horizontal wings (16, 17) connecting to a vertical extension consisting of two vertical legs (19). 20) forming a nesting groove through a tubular core (18). 20
  10. 10. Dispositif selon la revendication 9 caractérisé en ce que l'une des ailes (27) du second profilé (2) formant capot se prolonge jusqu'au dessous de l'extension verticale (19-20). 10. Device according to claim 9 characterized in that one of the wings (27) of the second section (2) forming a hood extends to below the vertical extension (19-20).
  11. 11. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10 caractérisé en ce que les moyens de fixation coopérant avec les extensions verticales 25 des premiers et second profilés sont des vis (21) dont la tête est agencée de manière à ne donner aucune prise aux outils conventionnels. 2957405 io 11. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 10 characterized in that the fastening means cooperating with the vertical extensions 25 of the first and second profiles are screws (21) whose head is arranged to give no hold conventional tools. 2957405 io
  12. 12. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11 caractérisé en ce que les moyens de fixation coopérant avec les extensions verticales des premier et second profilés sont des vis (21) auto-taraudeuses. 12. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 11 characterized in that the fastening means cooperating with the vertical extensions of the first and second profiles are screws (21) self-tapping.
FR1051733A 2010-03-10 2010-03-10 INSTALLATION DEVICE FOR SOLAR PANELS Active FR2957405B1 (en)

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FR2957405B1 FR2957405B1 (en) 2012-06-15

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2999362A1 (en) * 2012-12-07 2014-06-13 Saint Gobain Sealing and attachment system for solar roof used in commercial building for production of hot water, has longitudinal sections each supporting edges of solar collectors, where collectors are arranged on plane parallel to slope of roof
FR2999205A1 (en) * 2012-12-07 2014-06-13 Saint Gobain System for fastening and sealing e.g. veranda roof, has longitudinal section provided with central and lateral grooves, and supporting edge of two adjacent electrochromic glazings that are arranged in same plane and parallel to roof slope
EP3076103A1 (en) * 2015-04-02 2016-10-05 Solibro Hi-Tech GmbH Assembly of parts and assembly for fastening at least one photovoltaic module and method for producing an assembly of parts
US10505492B2 (en) 2016-02-12 2019-12-10 Solarcity Corporation Building integrated photovoltaic roofing assemblies and associated systems and methods

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DE102005039495A1 (en) * 2005-08-18 2007-03-15 Hermann Gutmann Werke Ag Metal profile unit for mounting system for photo voltaic unit, has receiving channel linked with units outer side over passage that is smaller than channel in cross section, and screw channel linked at front surface of receiving channel
EP1767793A2 (en) * 2005-09-23 2007-03-28 HILTI Aktiengesellschaft Mounting device for the attachment of solar panels with an assembly rail
DE202007016861U1 (en) * 2007-11-30 2008-05-08 Solarpower Gmbh Clamping connection for flat components
DE102007036206A1 (en) * 2007-08-02 2009-02-05 Niemetz Metall Gmbh Solar energy element e.g. plate shaped photovoltaic element, and building surface element e.g. sheet group, fastening device for building, has clamping device for solar energy element fastened to profile strip
US20090282755A1 (en) * 2008-05-19 2009-11-19 Powermount Systems, Inc. Photovoltaic mounting system with locking connectors, adjustable rail height and hinge lock
DE202009005309U1 (en) * 2009-04-07 2009-12-10 Klemt, Michael Hybrid multifunction terminal carrier

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102005039495A1 (en) * 2005-08-18 2007-03-15 Hermann Gutmann Werke Ag Metal profile unit for mounting system for photo voltaic unit, has receiving channel linked with units outer side over passage that is smaller than channel in cross section, and screw channel linked at front surface of receiving channel
EP1767793A2 (en) * 2005-09-23 2007-03-28 HILTI Aktiengesellschaft Mounting device for the attachment of solar panels with an assembly rail
DE102007036206A1 (en) * 2007-08-02 2009-02-05 Niemetz Metall Gmbh Solar energy element e.g. plate shaped photovoltaic element, and building surface element e.g. sheet group, fastening device for building, has clamping device for solar energy element fastened to profile strip
DE202007016861U1 (en) * 2007-11-30 2008-05-08 Solarpower Gmbh Clamping connection for flat components
US20090282755A1 (en) * 2008-05-19 2009-11-19 Powermount Systems, Inc. Photovoltaic mounting system with locking connectors, adjustable rail height and hinge lock
DE202009005309U1 (en) * 2009-04-07 2009-12-10 Klemt, Michael Hybrid multifunction terminal carrier

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2999362A1 (en) * 2012-12-07 2014-06-13 Saint Gobain Sealing and attachment system for solar roof used in commercial building for production of hot water, has longitudinal sections each supporting edges of solar collectors, where collectors are arranged on plane parallel to slope of roof
FR2999205A1 (en) * 2012-12-07 2014-06-13 Saint Gobain System for fastening and sealing e.g. veranda roof, has longitudinal section provided with central and lateral grooves, and supporting edge of two adjacent electrochromic glazings that are arranged in same plane and parallel to roof slope
EP3076103A1 (en) * 2015-04-02 2016-10-05 Solibro Hi-Tech GmbH Assembly of parts and assembly for fastening at least one photovoltaic module and method for producing an assembly of parts
US10505492B2 (en) 2016-02-12 2019-12-10 Solarcity Corporation Building integrated photovoltaic roofing assemblies and associated systems and methods

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