The present invention relates to an installation intended for
identification and management of mobile elements. It is understood by mobile element, any type of vehicle likely to move and occupy a location for an indefinite period.
Thus, it may be a car on a parking space, a boat in a port, a plane in an airport etc. The present invention applies in particular to the management and identification of boats and boaters in a port. Currently, when a boat arrives at a port, a place must be assigned to it depending on its size and the available locations in the port. Management systems such as that described in the French patent FR-A-2,855,894 in the name of the company OPOSYS consists of a detection system of the boat once in its place. Thus, the number and location of the 15 places available are quickly assessable and therefore the allocation is faster and more efficient. However, many disadvantages persist in this type of system. In particular, the boat is detected once positioned at its location. Thus, there are as many detectors as there are slots, which increases the cost and complexity of the system. In addition, the communications between the different elements are done by infrared wave or electromagnetic transmission or by radio wave only. This system experiences frequent electromagnetic disturbances in a harbor environment because of the interference present. 25 Moreover, there is no management of the boater. Indeed, when the boater arrives in a port, he must fill a card with the data concerning him and those of his boat. This form is then entered by the captain's staff who prints the contracts and carries out the various formalities. This seizure process is critical to harbor management and is considered by boaters and port staff as a constraint. This double entry causes a loss of time and a problem of reliability in the data entered. As a result, boating data are not reusable by ports and tourism organizations, for example, for information and communication campaigns. There is therefore the need to provide a mobile element identification and management facility to solve all or part of the disadvantages of systems of the state of the art. For this purpose, the present invention relates to an installation for the identification and management of mobile elements comprising at least one transponder disposed on a mobile element and at least one transponder management unit able to receive data transmitted by the at least one transponder characterized in that it comprises: at least one portable data carrier identification module of a carrier and an identifier of at least one mobile element and at least one means for reading said data; a central base capable of receiving and associating the identification data transmitted by at least one reading means and the data transmitted by at least one transponder management unit. This facility has the advantage of detecting and identifying all mobile elements entering a zone, and then rapidly collecting data from the carrier and the mobile element via a portable data carrier module. Thus, the installation according to the invention allows a fast management of the mobile elements in the port and allows the optimized allocation of the available places. Moreover, thanks to the portable data support module, data on the mobile element and on the carrier are quickly collected, which limits waiting times at the harbor master's office and makes the entry of these data more reliable. The transponder is disposed on the mobile element and its advantage is that it transmits signal only when it is stimulated by at least one transponder management unit. This fundamental principle saves the transponder battery disposed on the movable element.
Advantageously, the transponder communicates with at least one transponder management unit by the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology and advantageously by the Radio Frequency Token (RF TOKEN) standard.
According to one possibility, the transponder management unit consists of an antenna, a radio link transceiver with a transponder and a management element which makes it possible to manage and control the transmission times and frequencies. and feedback. Advantageously, the transponder management unit is installed at the entrance to an area, for example a port infrastructure either at each location, or according to another possibility in mobile boats. This last possibility allows the search at sea of lost or stolen boats. The transponder management unit may be provided with different antennas depending on the desired uses. Indeed, their range may range from 50 meters to several kilometers. An advantageous arrangement is to be able to group several transponder management units that can be linked together to allow geolocation by triangulation. The combination of TOKEN RF technology with other Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) technologies provides a solution for identifying moving parts and determining the direction of movement and location of the device. mobile element. Advantageously, the portable data storage module comprises a storage chip card advantageously from 4 to 16 kilobytes that can store 4000 to 8000 characters. The reading means of said portable data carrier module is advantageously a contactless encoder reader. The means for reading said data is connected to a central base. According to the main characteristic of the invention, the central base is able to receive and associate the data transmitted by the reading means and the data transmitted by the transponder management unit.
Thus the central base associates the data of the boater to those of the movable element. Advantageously, compared with the state of the art, the installation according to the invention is based on a wired communication network consisting of existing electrical networks. This network allows secure communication in real time between the transponder management units, the central base, the reading means and the various elements that can be added to the installation such as the PLCs of the port following a protocol compatible with the standard: MODTA marina open data transfer io file. In addition, technical services such as presence detectors or transponder management units or reading means can be housed in the electrical terminals and directly supplied with electricity, which solves the battery problem and its maintenance. It is therefore a more robust architecture and easier to maintain. Other objects and advantages will become apparent from the description which follows a preferred embodiment of the invention which is not however limiting. According to preferred but nonlimiting embodiments, the installation according to the invention is such that: the data is transmitted by radio frequency, the transponder transmits the data when the transponder management unit sends it a signal, the transponder comprises a compass for indicating the movement of the movable element; - the transponder comprises a satellite positioning module. The present invention also relates to a method for mobile element identification management in which: at least one transponder disposed on a mobile element is detected for at least one transponder management unit, an identifier of the mobile element is transmitted by the transponder to at least one transponder management unit and then to a central base characterized in that: • identification data of a carrier and an identifier of a mobile element are encoded on a portable module for supporting the data, • said identification data of a mobile element is transmitted to a central base via reading means, • the central base receives and associates the identifier of the mobile element and the data of the mobile data element. identification of the carrier.
The accompanying drawings are given by way of example and are not limiting of the invention. They represent only one embodiment of the invention and will make it easy to understand. Figure 1: schematic diagram of the invention. Conventionally, a transponder is arranged on a mobile element 1. The transponder advantageously comprises an Ultra High Frequency (UHF) frequency band receiver, an extended memory microcontroller, a secure remote transmission and on-board management software of the module. a battery or battery allowing a range of about 5 years. When the mobile element 1 arrives close to at least one transponder management unit 2, the latter activates the transponder by signals which sends back to it a specific radiofrequency signal from the mobile element 1. The transmitted information the transponder is then sent to a central base 3. The transmission between the transponder management unit 2 and the central base 3 as well as the power supply of the transponder management unit 2 is advantageously effected by the electrical and / or computer architecture of the existing port. This device allows the detection of the mobile element 1 and its management. Furthermore, once the mobile element 1 has been identified and positioned, a portable data carrier module 4 for identifying a carrier and for identifying at least one mobile element 1 can be read by a reading means 5. The data collected by the reading means 5 is transmitted to said central base 3.
Advantageously, the central base 3 associates the identification data transmitted by the transponder management unit 2 and by the reading means 5. In the rest of the description, the mobile element 1 will be called a boat and the carrier a pleasure boat without that this does not limit the invention. In his home port the boater encodes his personal data in his portable data storage module 4. The data can be of the type surname, first name, main address, telephone number, e-mail, nationality, language, there can have home port data, data on the boater's favorite ports of call, technical data on the type of coding as well as data on the boat. A transponder is positioned on the boat, the transponder transmits a specific radiofrequency signal of the mobile element 1 when it is stimulated by a transponder management unit 2. 15 Thus, when the boat arrives at a port, at least one unit transponder management 2 is located at the entrance of the port. The transponder management unit 2 transmits a signal which is received by the transponder 2 which responds to this signal by sending its radiofrequency identifier. The transponder management unit 2 then transmits this information to a central base 3 for example located in the harbor master's office. The transponder can then advantageously comprise a compass or a GPS allowing its positioning or according to another possibility several transponder management units 2 can be positioned to allow geolocation by triangulation. Once the boat is docked the boater may present his portable data storage module 4 to a reading means 5 for example a contactless encoder reader present at each location or in the harbor master's office. The data carried by the portable data storage module 4 is transmitted to the central base 3. The central base 3 can then associate the identification data transmitted by the reading means 5 with the radiofrequency identifier of the mobile element. 1 transmitted by the transponder management unit 2.
In a quick and easy way the captaincy can then have access to information about the boat and the boater. The portable data support module 4 can then allow the management of fluids in the port such as water, gasoline ... or access to certain areas reserved for boaters such as showers. The portable data carrier module 4 is advantageously resistant to maritime conditions. It is advantageously of the type of a badge. When the boat leaves the port, it is automatically detected by the transponder management unit 2 located at the entrance of the port and so its place is immediately released and can immediately be reassigned. The management of the port is thus improved. During a subsequent visit, as soon as the mobile element 1 enters the port, its transponder will transmit a radiofrequency identifier to at least one transponder management unit 2 which will transmit it to the central base 3. The central base 3 will already be in possession of the identification data of the mobile element 1 and the carrier, the mobile element 1 can then very quickly be informed of the allocation of its location. Furthermore, the installation according to the invention will give the opportunity to the boater to enter the identification data on an internet server 20 for online reservation and transmission of these identification data to the reserved port. The portable data support module 4 advantageously provides a basic element necessary for the management of the navigation basins: identification of the boater, certificate of release of space, management of the 25 packages valid for the navigation basin (purchase of a package of 5 nights in his home port and use of these nights in the ports of call or purchase of a package of fluid or shower tokens usable in all ports of the region) etc. This module can be managed 24 hours a day by reading means such as an encoder reader available on the pontoons for cruise departure functions, service purchase, release and seating, arrival declaration, payment. automatic tax of stay.