FR2804933A1 - Landing craft for use on non-docking shores is of catamaran type with movable platform between hulls and ramps at each end - Google Patents

Landing craft for use on non-docking shores is of catamaran type with movable platform between hulls and ramps at each end Download PDF

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Publication number
FR2804933A1
FR2804933A1 FR0001689A FR0001689A FR2804933A1 FR 2804933 A1 FR2804933 A1 FR 2804933A1 FR 0001689 A FR0001689 A FR 0001689A FR 0001689 A FR0001689 A FR 0001689A FR 2804933 A1 FR2804933 A1 FR 2804933A1
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France
Prior art keywords
hulls
mobile platform
platform
locking
low
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
FR0001689A
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French (fr)
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FR2804933B1 (en
Inventor
Yves Martin
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
D2M Consultants SA
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D2M Consultants SA
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by D2M Consultants SA filed Critical D2M Consultants SA
Priority to FR0001689A priority Critical patent/FR2804933B1/en
Priority claimed from ES00403647T external-priority patent/ES2216843T3/en
Publication of FR2804933A1 publication Critical patent/FR2804933A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of FR2804933B1 publication Critical patent/FR2804933B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B1/00Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils
    • B63B1/02Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils deriving lift mainly from water displacement
    • B63B1/10Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils deriving lift mainly from water displacement with multiple hulls
    • B63B1/12Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils deriving lift mainly from water displacement with multiple hulls the hulls being interconnected rigidly
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/54Ferries

Abstract

The landing craft is of the catamaran type with a movable platform (15) between its two hulls. The platform in the form of a caisson supports loads on its upper part. A deployable ramp (18,19) is provided at each end of the platform.

Description

La présente invention concerne un dispositif mobile solidaire d'un navire permettant de faire varier le tirant d'eau d'un navire par déplacement mécanique d'éléments rigides et qui apportent un complément de flottabilité, le long de sa ou ses coques. The present invention relates to a mobile device secured to a ship making it possible to vary the draft of a ship by mechanical displacement of rigid elements and which provide additional buoyancy, along its hull or hulls.
Elle s'applique tout particulièrement à un navire de type transbordeur rapide pour embarquement et débarquement de véhicules et personnes depuis ou vers des rives ou rivages amenagés ou non, ou depuis ou vers des navires d'accueil aménagés ou non tels que pontons, radiers, docks, transports de chalands. It applies particularly to a fast ferry type ship for embarkation and disembarkation of vehicles and people from or to shores or shores, whether or not equipped, or from or to host ships, whether or not equipped such as pontoons, rafts, docks, barge transport.
Usuellement, les navires de type transbordeur rapide, par exemple les catamarans hydrofoils, ont un tirant d'eau élevé, ce qui ne rend pas aisé le transfert depuis ces navires des véhicules ou des personnes, que ce transfert se fasse de ou vers des rives, des rivages, des docks, navires d'accueil, et d'une manière générale en tout endroit qui ne dispose pas d'une profondeur d'eau suffisante au lieu de transfert. En particulier, ils ne peuvent pas transférer leur cargaison sur des rivages dont la pente est très faible ou sur des transports de chalands dont le radier d'accueil ne peut s'immerger suffisamment pour recevoir le transbordeur. Usually, fast ferry type ships, for example hydrofoil catamarans, have a high draft, which does not make it easy to transfer vehicles or people from these ships, whether this transfer is from or to the banks. , shores, docks, host ships, and in general in any place which does not have a sufficient depth of water at the place of transfer. In particular, they cannot transfer their cargo to shorelines with a very slight slope or on barge transports whose receiving raft cannot be submerged enough to receive the ferry.
Le dispositif transbordeur selon l'invention permet de remédier à ces inconvénients permets # Une approche du rivage, de la rive, ou d'un autre navire avec un très faible tirant d'eau. The ferry device according to the invention overcomes these drawbacks allows # An approach to shore, shore, or another ship with a very shallow draft.
# Une croisière à haute vitesse.  # A high speed cruise.
# Une capacité de manceuvre aisée à faible vitesse. # Une capacité d'emport élevée.  # Easy maneuverability at low speed. # A high carrying capacity.
Ceci est réalisé grâce à une configuration à modification de foi-me à deux modes décrite ci après Un mode de transit ou navigation, et un mode d'approche. This is achieved by means of a faith-me modification configuration with two modes described below. A transit or navigation mode, and an approach mode.
En mode de transit, le transbordeur présente une configuration de navigation sur une ou deux coques élancées permettant une vitesse élevée même en mer formée. La charge à transporter est portée sur une plate forme localisée en haut de la ou des coques. In transit mode, the ferry has a navigation configuration on one or two slender hulls allowing high speed even in heavy seas. The load to be transported is carried on a platform located at the top of the hull (s).
En mode d'approche, à proximité de la rive ou de haut fonds. ou du navire d'accueil, la plate forme est abaissée au niveau du bas de la ou des coques et apporte un complément de flottabilité permettant la réduction du tirant d'eau. In approach mode, close to the shore or deep sea. or of the host ship, the platform is lowered to the bottom of the hull (s) and provides additional buoyancy allowing the reduction of the draft.
Ce procédé permet alors de débarquer du transbordeur ou d'embarquer sur le transbordeur les véhicules et les personnes par une rampe mobile conventionnelle. This process then makes it possible to disembark from the ferry or to embark on vehicles and people on the ferry by a conventional mobile ramp.
La plate forme peut être équipée d'une rampe avant et d'une rampe arrière qu'elle peut déployer lorsqu'elle est en position basse au lieu de chargement ou débarquement. The platform can be equipped with a front ramp and a rear ramp that it can deploy when it is in the low position instead of loading or unloading.
La plate forme munie de sa ou ses rampes déployées constitue ainsi un couloir de chargement et est bien adaptée à une configuration de chargement en file des véhicules, pour leur embarquement et débarquement. The platform fitted with its deployed ramp or ramps thus constitutes a loading lane and is well suited to a configuration for loading vehicles in a row, for loading and unloading.
Le dispositif transbordeur selon l'invention peut être utilisé pour tout transport rapide (de personnes, de matériels, de véhicules) par voie maritime ou fluviale tels que par exemple # Transport de matériel de protection de l'environnement permettant d'apporter en tout point du littoral ou des berges fluviales des engins de protection civile. The ferry device according to the invention can be used for any rapid transport (of people, materials, vehicles) by sea or river such as for example # Transport of environmental protection material making it possible to bring to any point from the coast or from the riverbanks of civil protection equipment.
# Transport pour actions humanitaires sur un rivage non aménagé. # Transport et débarquement de matériel et personnel militaire.  # Transport for humanitarian actions on an undeveloped shore. # Transport and disembarkation of military equipment and personnel.
# Transport fluvial ou maritime sans installation portuaire ou avec installations limitees, ou à très faible tirant d'eau.  # River or maritime transport without port facility or with limited facilities, or with very low draft.
# Transport maritime de produits depuis un navire de haute mer vers une rive ou un littoral non équipé d'installations portuaires ou à très faible tirant d'eau.  # Sea transport of products from an ocean-going vessel to a shore or coastline not equipped with port facilities or with very low draft.
La figure 1 présente une application de l'invention pour un navire à deux coques. Figure 1 shows an application of the invention for a ship with two hulls.
Selon ce mode de réalisation selon l'invention, le transbordeur rapide est caractérisé en ce comprend des coques latérales (1) et (2), une plate forme mobile (3) située entre les coques supportant la charge à transporter (4), un dispositif assurant la liaison des flotteurs, un système de levage (5) de la plate forme mobile (3). Le dispositif de levage (5) est associé à un système de guidage (6), à un dispositif de verrouillage en position haute (7) ou basse (8), à une commande bidirectionnelle positive de puissance (9). La mise en #uvre du système de levage (5) peut être avantageusement effectuée pendant une phase de transit à basse moyenne. La figure montre une rampe d'accès (13). According to this embodiment according to the invention, the fast ferry is characterized in that it comprises lateral hulls (1) and (2), a mobile platform (3) located between the hulls supporting the load to be transported (4), a device ensuring the connection of the floats, a lifting system (5) of the mobile platform (3). The lifting device (5) is associated with a guide system (6), with a locking device in the high (7) or low (8) position, with a positive bidirectional power control (9). The implementation of the lifting system (5) can advantageously be carried out during a low-medium transit phase. The figure shows an access ramp (13).
Selon l'invention la plate forme mobile (3) est un caisson étanche. According to the invention, the mobile platform (3) is a sealed box.
Selon l'invention le dispositif de liaison des coques (1) et (2) est constituée d'une structure résistante réalisée par exemple par des poutres fixes en partie supérieure (10) liées aux coques (1) et (2) par soudage ou assemblage mécanique. L'ensemble constitue un catamaran. According to the invention the device for connecting the shells (1) and (2) consists of a resistant structure produced for example by fixed beams in the upper part (10) linked to the shells (1) and (2) by welding or mechanical assembly. The whole constitutes a catamaran.
Selon un autre mode de réalisation selon l'invention, la liaison des coques est assurée par des poutres _xes en partie supérieure (10) associées à des poutres profilées en forme d'ailes (11) reliant !,es coques (1) et (2) en leur partie inférieure. Ces poutres profilées (11) forment avec les coques ( 1 ) et (2) et les poutres supérieures (10) des cadres permettant d'assurer la rigidité de l'ensemble. Les poutres profilées (11) peuvent être construites de manière à procurer un effet portance et à améliorer ainsi la comportement à la mer au delà d'une certaine vitesse. Des volets mobiles ( i 2) pourront éventuellement être disposés dans les poutres profilées inférieures de façon à ajuste- '.@assiette de navigation en fonction du centrage des masses et des conditions de mer. pourraie^ 1 éventuellement être utilisés comme dispositifs de stabilisation pour des transits rapides en mer mitées. According to another embodiment according to the invention, the hulls are connected by _xed beams in the upper part (10) associated with profiled beams in the form of wings (11) connecting!, Hulls (1) and ( 2) in their lower part. These profiled beams (11) form with the shells (1) and (2) and the upper beams (10) of the frames making it possible to ensure the rigidity of the assembly. The profiled beams (11) can be constructed so as to provide a lift effect and thus improve the behavior at sea beyond a certain speed. Movable flaps (i 2) may possibly be arranged in the lower profiled beams so as to adjust the navigation attitude according to the balance of the masses and the sea conditions. May optionally be used as stabilization devices for rapid transits at sea mites.
Le système de guidage (6) de la plate forme mobile (5) peut-être constitué par un guidage mécanique sur rails, par des bras articulés, des chaînes, ou tout autre dispositif approprié. The guide system (6) of the mobile platform (5) may be constituted by mechanical guidance on rails, by articulated arms, chains, or any other suitable device.
Selon l'i-1vention le dispositif de verrouillage en position haute (7) ou basse (8) de la plate forme est avantageusement constitué de broches ou de consoles escamotables ou non, ou de verrous mécaniques ou de tout autre système approprié. According to the i-1vention, the locking device in the high (7) or low (8) position of the platform advantageously consists of pins or of retractable or non-retractable brackets, or mechanical locks or any other suitable system.
Selon l'invention la commande bidirectionnelle positive de puissance (9) peut être constituée par des vérins double effet agissant directement sur plate forme mobile ou par l'intermédiaire des bras articulés mentionnés ci-dessus ou de crémaillères, ou par des treuils actionnant des câbles, ou par moto réducteurs entraînant des chaînes, ou toute combinaison des éléments précédents, ou tout autre système de commande bidirectionnelle de puissance.According to the invention the positive bidirectional power control (9) can be constituted by double-acting cylinders acting directly on a mobile platform or by means of the articulated arms mentioned above or of racks, or by winches actuating cables. , or by geared motors driving chains, or any combination of the above, or any other bidirectional power control system.

Claims (9)

REVENDICATIONS
1) Dispositif mobile solidaire d'un navire catamaran, caractérisé en ce qu'il comporte une plate forme mobile constituée d'un caisson étanche (3), portant la charge à transporter (4), un dispositif de levage et descente (5) de la plate forme mobile (3) entre les parties hautes basses des coques (1) et (2) du navire, un système de guidage (6) de la plate forme mobile, un système verrouillage en position haute (7) et de verrouillage en position basse (8) de plate forme mobile, une ou deux rampes d'accès (13) solidaires de la plate forme mobile.1) Mobile device secured to a catamaran ship, characterized in that it comprises a mobile platform consisting of a watertight box (3), carrying the load to be transported (4), a lifting and lowering device (5) of the mobile platform (3) between the upper low parts of the hulls (1) and (2) of the ship, a guidance system (6) of the mobile platform, a locking system in the high position (7) and locking in the low position (8) of the mobile platform, one or two access ramps (13) secured to the mobile platform.
2) Dispositif selon la revendication 1 caractérisé en ce que le dispositif de levage et descente de la plate forme mobile permet d'abaisser cette dernière au niveau bas des coques, et de l'élever en partie haute des coques.2) Device according to claim 1 characterized in that the lifting and lowering device of the mobile platform makes it possible to lower the latter to the low level of the hulls, and to raise it in the upper part of the hulls.
3) Dispositif selon les revendications 1 et 2 caractérisé en ce que un système de commande bidirectionnelle de puissance (9) actionne le dispositif de levage.3) Device according to claims 1 and 2 characterized in that a bidirectional power control system (9) actuates the lifting device.
4) Dispositif selon la revendication 1 caractérisé en ce que la liaison des coques est assurée des poutres fixes (10) les reliant en leur partie haute.4) Device according to claim 1 characterized in that the connection of the shells is ensured by fixed beams (10) connecting them in their upper part.
5) Dispositif selon les revendication 1 et 4 caractérisé en ce que la liaison des coques est assurée par des poutres profilées (11) en partie basse.5) Device according to claims 1 and 4 characterized in that the connection of the shells is provided by profiled beams (11) in the lower part.
6) Dispositif selon la revendication 5 caractérisé en ce que les poutres profilées (11) sont munies de volets mobiles (12).6) Device according to claim 5 characterized in that the profiled beams (11) are provided with movable flaps (12).
7) Dispositif selon la revendication 1 caractérisé en ce que le système de guidage (6) est constitue par un guidage mécanique sur des rails ou par des bras articulés ou par des chaînes.7) Device according to claim 1 characterized in that the guide system (6) is constituted by mechanical guidance on rails or by articulated arms or by chains.
8) Dispositif selon la revendications 1 caractérisé en ce que le verrouillage en position haute (7) et le verrouillage en position basse (8) de la plate forme sont des broches ou des consoles escamotables ou des verrous mécaniques.8) Device according to claim 1 characterized in that the locking in the high position (7) and the locking in the low position (8) of the platform are pins or retractable brackets or mechanical locks.
9) Dispositif selon la revendication 3 caractérisé en ce que le système de commande bidirectionnel de puissance est un vérin à double effet agissant sur des câbles ou sur des bras articulés ou des treuils actionnant des câbles ou des systèmes d'entraînement agissant sur des chaînes.9) Device according to claim 3 characterized in that the bidirectional power control system is a double-acting cylinder acting on cables or on articulated arms or winches actuating cables or drive systems acting on chains.
FR0001689A 2000-02-11 2000-02-11 Solidarity mobile device of a catamaran vessel which variates the draft of this vessel by moving by mechanical means, rigid elements that provide it with addition to buoyancy Expired - Lifetime FR2804933B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR0001689A FR2804933B1 (en) 2000-02-11 2000-02-11 Solidarity mobile device of a catamaran vessel which variates the draft of this vessel by moving by mechanical means, rigid elements that provide it with addition to buoyancy

Applications Claiming Priority (16)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR0001689A FR2804933B1 (en) 2000-02-11 2000-02-11 Solidarity mobile device of a catamaran vessel which variates the draft of this vessel by moving by mechanical means, rigid elements that provide it with addition to buoyancy
ES00403647T ES2216843T3 (en) 2000-02-11 2000-12-21 INGENIO FOR SHIPS / UNLOADINGS IN UNABLED COSTS.
DK00403647T DK1123862T3 (en) 2000-02-11 2000-12-21 Vessel for embarkation / unloading on open stretches of coast
EP00403647A EP1123862B1 (en) 2000-02-11 2000-12-21 Coastal boarding and unloading vehicle
PT00403647T PT1123862E (en) 2000-02-11 2000-12-21 BOARDING FOR LANDING / LANDING IN UNPLUGGED MARGINS
AT00403647T AT268291T (en) 2000-02-11 2000-12-21 LANDING VEHICLE FOR COASTAL
TR2004/01527T TR200401527T4 (en) 2000-02-11 2000-12-21 Loading / unloading equipment for unregulated shores
DE60011218T DE60011218T2 (en) 2000-02-11 2000-12-21 Landing vehicle for coasts
SG200100293A SG91329A1 (en) 2000-02-11 2001-01-19 Craft for embarking/landing on unequipped shorelines
JP2001014816A JP4937454B2 (en) 2000-02-11 2001-01-23 Landing / shipping ship on coastline without berthing equipment
AU18251/01A AU768325B2 (en) 2000-02-11 2001-02-05 Craft for embarking/landing on unequipped shorelines
TW090102793A TW508330B (en) 2000-02-11 2001-02-08 Craft for embarking/landing on unequipped shorelines
BRPI0100467-0A BR0100467B1 (en) 2000-02-11 2001-02-08 ferry for loading / unloading cargo.
KR1020010006088A KR100662224B1 (en) 2000-02-11 2001-02-08 Craft for embarking/landing on unequipped shoreline
CNB011034289A CN1174894C (en) 2000-02-11 2001-02-09 Ship for landing in no-equipment shore
US09/780,363 US20020164231A1 (en) 2000-02-11 2001-02-12 Craft for embarking/landing on unequipped shorelines

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
FR2804933A1 true FR2804933A1 (en) 2001-08-17
FR2804933B1 FR2804933B1 (en) 2002-05-10

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FR0001689A Expired - Lifetime FR2804933B1 (en) 2000-02-11 2000-02-11 Solidarity mobile device of a catamaran vessel which variates the draft of this vessel by moving by mechanical means, rigid elements that provide it with addition to buoyancy

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FR (1) FR2804933B1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2012131178A1 (en) * 2011-03-31 2012-10-04 Constructions Industrielles De La Mediterranee - Cnim Ship for loading/off-loading loads, of the hybrid propulsion catamaran type

Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3537413A (en) * 1969-10-02 1970-11-03 Thomas Rankine Farrell Sea-going cargo transportation facilities
FR2258303A1 (en) * 1974-01-21 1975-08-18 Stradco Inventions & Res Co
US4297964A (en) * 1979-04-18 1981-11-03 Navire Cargo Gear International Ab Mobile caisson structure
US5787828A (en) * 1996-11-27 1998-08-04 Service Marine Industries, Inc. Swath cargo ship
US5809923A (en) * 1996-12-23 1998-09-22 Yilmaz; G. George Apparatus for controlling the buoyancy and draft of a vessel

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3537413A (en) * 1969-10-02 1970-11-03 Thomas Rankine Farrell Sea-going cargo transportation facilities
FR2258303A1 (en) * 1974-01-21 1975-08-18 Stradco Inventions & Res Co
US4297964A (en) * 1979-04-18 1981-11-03 Navire Cargo Gear International Ab Mobile caisson structure
US5787828A (en) * 1996-11-27 1998-08-04 Service Marine Industries, Inc. Swath cargo ship
US5809923A (en) * 1996-12-23 1998-09-22 Yilmaz; G. George Apparatus for controlling the buoyancy and draft of a vessel

Non-Patent Citations (1)

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Title
None

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2012131178A1 (en) * 2011-03-31 2012-10-04 Constructions Industrielles De La Mediterranee - Cnim Ship for loading/off-loading loads, of the hybrid propulsion catamaran type
FR2973330A1 (en) * 2011-03-31 2012-10-05 Mediterranee Const Ind VESSEL FOR LOADING-LOADING LOADS, TYPE CATAMARAN HYBRID PROPULSION
US8915762B2 (en) 2011-03-31 2014-12-23 Constructions Industrielles de la Mediterranee—CNIM Catamaran vessel with hybrid propulsion for embarking and disembarking loads

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