FR2772504A1 - Wind musical instrument - Google Patents

Wind musical instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
FR2772504A1
FR2772504A1 FR9716212A FR9716212A FR2772504A1 FR 2772504 A1 FR2772504 A1 FR 2772504A1 FR 9716212 A FR9716212 A FR 9716212A FR 9716212 A FR9716212 A FR 9716212A FR 2772504 A1 FR2772504 A1 FR 2772504A1
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France
Prior art keywords
hole
different
plug
ring
instrument
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
FR9716212A
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French (fr)
Inventor
Laurent Francois Blum
Original Assignee
Laurent Francois Blum
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Laurent Francois Blum filed Critical Laurent Francois Blum
Priority to FR9716212A priority Critical patent/FR2772504A1/en
Publication of FR2772504A1 publication Critical patent/FR2772504A1/en
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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/01Tuning devices

Abstract

Musical device consisting of three interchangeable pieces of musical instruments, allowing by combination to build different wind instruments. The three pieces (a, b, c), convertible and transformable, adapt alternately so that the useful length of the instrument, the shape and the spacing of the clearance holes vary to determine different height scales sound and use different timbres. Its malleability and convertibility give this module educational and musical qualities: lightness and ease of sound emission, adaptable ergonomics, freedom of play. It is intended for teaching secondary school classes. Depending on the model and the degree of "finish" chosen, it can be adapted to primary school classes or special education schools (conservatories and music schools).

Description

 The present invention relates to a musical device consisting of three interchangeable parts of musical instruments, allowing by combination to build different wind instruments.
 Current technology implies that orchestral instruments are built according to a predefined model and that the instrumentalist is not able to intervene in his invoice.
 Certain skillful luthiers bring improvements in comfort, such as holding straps for heavy instruments or transformations in the bore of the tube causing an easier emission of sound. It is however particularly difficult to propose a radically new improvement in this type of instrument, since each transformation of an element disturbs the balance of the whole.
 Also, the device offers a set of new configurations for each part of instruments but above all a new concept of musical instrument.
 All wind instruments consist of a proximal part called a mouthpiece, an intermediate part called a body on which are inserted clearance holes or pistons and a terminal part called a foot or horn. The device is a modular instrument as much by the interchangeability of these three pieces as by the possibility of shaping them according to the desire of the instrumentalist. It provides the possibility of playing instruments with side holes using, depending on the combination chosen, the two main acoustic principles of wind instruments: that of open pipes (flutes, oboe, cornets ...) or that of closed pipes (clarinets, cromornes, salpinx ...).
 Its malleability and convertibility give this module educational and musical qualities. Different embodiments are possible: in particular the size of the parts of the device directly influences the complexity of the key mechanism. An instrument of modest size allows a reduction in the latter, while on the contrary, a large size, if it allows bass sounds to be offered, may require the addition of keys implying special care in the choice of material and in the invoice of the hole.
 The realization presented here concerns an instrument of modest size. On the pedagogical level, the module only requires the instrumentalist to learn two configurations of playing holes - called fingering tablatures - whatever the mouthpiece chosen. These tabs are similar to that of the current alto recorder. Its lightness and modest size allow an easy emission of sound and an outfit adapted to the youngest apprentices.
 The fact of being able to intervene on the principle of sound production (lippal reed (that is to say the lips of the instrumentalist), in reed or air flow), on the sound parameters that are the timbre, the pitch sound and dynamics allows the apprentice to acquire real autonomy. On the musical level, the use of different musical scales western temperate scale, pentatonic scale but also the use of micro-intervals - opens the different styles of world music (baroque, classical, contemporary, extra-western) to the module player.
 An orchestra made up of these modules will use a very varied palette of timbres.
The accompanying drawings illustrate the invention:
Figure 1 shows the entire module with its five types of mouths (a), its two bodies (b) and its three flags (c).
 With reference to this drawing, the device comprises five types of mouthpieces: single spouts and reeds (1), double reeds (2) with or without capsules (6), lateral or front orifices (3), air flow spouts (4), basins (5). Each mouthpiece fits on the external or internal part of one end of the frustoconical (7) or cylindrical (8) pipe. Each of the pavilions, whether flared (9), curved (10) or piriform (] 1) fits on the outer wall of the distal end of the bodies.
 In FIG. 2, the detail of a clearance hole (24) makes it possible to distinguish the variability of its shape. The mobility of the hole (29) of the ring and the hole (28) of the segment wall creates the clearance hole (24). The same arrangement of the ring relative to the hole is presented in section, seen from above (FIG. 3): a small internal promontory (30) of the same shape as the hole (28) makes it possible to close it hermetically. Thus, the instrumentalist can vary the dimension and the shape of the clearance hole, making it possible to produce a specific pitch according to the position of the ring.
 The rings can be replaced by plugs; in Figures 5, 7 and 4, 6 the plugs (32) are respectively shown in section and from above. They adapt to the holes (28) in the wall of the segments and can be solid (FIG. 5 and 7) or drilled (FIG. 4 and 6): the two orifices (31) of the plug facilitate the obtaining of altered sounds (sharps or flats).
Another variant is to use a hollow plug (called chimney) in the middle, height and thickness of the wall of the chimney can be of different dimensions, and to push all or part into the pipe depending on the height of its and the desired stamp.
 The cylindrical pipe (8) consists of segments (20) and (21) of two different diameters: these segments drilled in different places (Figure 8) are able to vary the total length of the tube, the spacing and the shape clearance holes. The variation of the clearance hole is carried out in the same manner as in FIGS. 2 and 3, where the ring (27) is replaced by the wall of the segment of larger diameter (21).
 In Figure 6, each segment (12, 13, 14, 15 ...) of the frusto-conical pipe (7) is fitted like tubes of a telescope. The number and the depth of the nested segments determine the total length of the pipe (7). The pipe (7) is in the form of a divergent or convergent truncated cone: the two ends each have the possibility of fulfilling the function of the proximal or distal end. This possibility is not trivial: for example, a baroque recorder has a divergent truncated cone while the contemporary recorder has a convergent truncated cone. Two different combinations correspond to two different musical worlds. In FIG. 9, the thickness of the walls of the cylindrical segments (12, 13, 14, etc.) determines the slope (or degree of taper) of the instrument. Their useful length is variable since they slide between them.
 FIG. 10 shows another possibility of making a taper. The frustoconical tubes (16, 17 ...) are jammed and the variability of the clearance holes is ensured by the rings (27).
 The ends of the bodies have on their internal and external surface a smooth and rigid wall which allows the mouths and the pavilions by means of the joints (22) of different shapes to fit together in a sealed manner.
 A cylindrical-conical body, which is particularly useful for producing sounds from the setting of the lippal vibration, can be produced from the segments (20, 21) of the cylindrical pipe (8) and the segments (12, 13, 14. ..) of the frustoconical pipe (7).
 The keys are of two types (see Figure 1, parts 23 and 26): at the proximal end (mouth), they are central (23). The keys intended for annulars (26) are provided with two branches (25) arranged on either side of the central axis. Thus, the two types of keys can be adapted to right and left-handed users.
 Figures 11, 12, 13 show, on the ventral side near the proximal end (where one of the player's thumbs is located), a mobile device of the body (7 or 8) of the instrument. The key (33) for playing or playing the twelfth of the fundamental sound is called the register key. FIG. 11 represents the ventral part of the pipe with its orifice (34) and FIG. 12 a ring (36) with its orifice (35). The ring (36) surrounding the body segment (39) at the orifice (34), the superposition of the two orifices (34) and (35) makes it possible to create a movable register hole along the longitudinal axis of the orifice (34). Figure 13 shows a key (33) mounted on a ring (37). By placing the key (33) and the ring (37) on the segment (39) just below the ring (36), the plate (38) thanks to its oblong shape, can close the movable damper hole whatever its position along the longitudinal axis of the orifice (34). The oblong plate (38) can be replaced by a small circular plate screwed onto the branch of the key (33). The length of the screw thread then allows the circular plate to hermetically close the movable clearance hole regardless of its position.
 Depending on the size and dimension of the body, the mouthpieces (a) and the pavilions (c) can be made by the instrumentalist from raw reed barrel materials for the manufacture of reeds, raw or preformed wood cubes , balls of heat-deformable material, shapes of spouts and mouthpieces, pavilions to be finished.
 Thus, the manufacture of the ends of the instrument is carried out by the apprentice instrumentalist: in the case of a thermo-deformable material, a mold makes it possible to guide the modeling of the part on its internal wall (bore) while its external surface can be roughly modeled. In the case of a compact material such as wood, the internal bore can be made through the use of wood scissors with rounded shapes.
 According to another embodiment, an instrument of larger size can be constructed. The production of bent parts, for example at a right angle, which can fit into the frustoconical or cylindrical segments, makes it possible to lengthen the pipe: the curved shape in S, in U or in open angle avoids clutter.
 Ultimately, the multiplicity of possibilities of the module allows you to create from several of its combinations a wind orchestra of great richness.
 It is therefore particularly intended for teaching secondary school classes. Depending on the model and the degree of finish chosen, it can be adapted to primary school classes or special education schools (conservatories and music schools).

Claims (10)

  1. I) Device for using the different acoustic principles of wind instruments characterized in that it is in the form of a module of three pieces (a, b, c) convertible and transformable, adapting alternately to each other such so that the length of the instrument, the shape and the spacing of the playing holes vary to determine different scales of pitch and timbre.
  2. 2) Device according to claim 1) characterized in that it comprises a cylindrical body (8) consisting of two types of segment (20) and (21) of slightly different diameters sliding between them causing the possibility for the instrumentalist to make vary the length of the instrument.
  3. 3) Device according to claims 1) and 2) characterized in that the segments (20, 2]) are drilled with clearance holes (24) allowing the variation of the shape of a clearance hole and the spacing between these.
  4. 4) Device according to claim 1) characterized in that it comprises a frustoconical body (7) consisting of cylindrical segments (12, 13, 14 ...) of different lengths fitting into each other in the manner of '' a telescopic tube.
  5. 5) Device according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that clearance holes (29) are created by the superposition of a hole (28) in the wall of a cylindrical segment (20, 21 ... or 12, 13, 14 ...) or frustoconical (16, 17, 18 ...) and a hole (29) of a ring (27) rotating around the longitudinal axis of the segment of the pipe and provided with d 'an inner promontory (30) identical in shape to the hole (28).
  6. 6). Device according to claim 5), characterized in that the ring is replaced by a solid plug (32) or by a plug comprising orifices (31).
  7. 7) Device according to claims 5) and 6), characterized in that it comprises a plug hollowed out in the middle, the height and the thickness of the wall of the plug being able to be of different dimensions, said plug being able to be inserted all or part in the pipe depending on the desired pitch and timbre.
  8. 8) Device according to claim 1) characterized in that the ends (a or c) of the bodies (b, 7 or 8) consist of a smooth and rigid wall on their internal and external surface so that the mouths ( a) and the pavilions (c) fit inside or outside of the bodies (a or c) by means of the seals (22).
  9. 9) Device according to one of the preceding claims characterized in that certain cylindrical or conical segments are interconnected by curved segments or forming an angle allowing to lengthen the pipe and to maintain the workability of the instrument.
  10. 10) Device according to one of the preceding claims characterized by the mobility of the register hole thanks to the concomitant placement of an oblong pipe hole (34), a ring (36) pierced diagonally with a hole (35) and a register key (33), surmounted by a ring (37), the plate (38) of the key (33) being able to be oblong or screwed, according to a thread of screw making it possible to fix the branch of the key (33) at different points on the longitudinal axis.
FR9716212A 1997-12-16 1997-12-16 Wind musical instrument Withdrawn FR2772504A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR9716212A FR2772504A1 (en) 1997-12-16 1997-12-16 Wind musical instrument

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR9716212A FR2772504A1 (en) 1997-12-16 1997-12-16 Wind musical instrument

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
FR2772504A1 true FR2772504A1 (en) 1999-06-18

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
FR9716212A Withdrawn FR2772504A1 (en) 1997-12-16 1997-12-16 Wind musical instrument

Country Status (1)

Country Link
FR (1) FR2772504A1 (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE61419C (en) *
GB191416039A (en) * 1914-07-04 1915-01-21 Nicholas Alberti Improvements in Wood Wind Musical Instruments.
US1713012A (en) * 1927-10-11 1929-05-14 Turner Frank Musical instrument
US2806399A (en) * 1951-01-05 1957-09-17 Bantar Inc Wind musical instrument with helical frequency determining means
US4539888A (en) * 1984-02-24 1985-09-10 Maurice Whelan Extended range musical pipe instrument
US5027685A (en) * 1989-12-04 1991-07-02 Lenz Frederick C Woodwind instrument

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE61419C (en) *
GB191416039A (en) * 1914-07-04 1915-01-21 Nicholas Alberti Improvements in Wood Wind Musical Instruments.
US1713012A (en) * 1927-10-11 1929-05-14 Turner Frank Musical instrument
US2806399A (en) * 1951-01-05 1957-09-17 Bantar Inc Wind musical instrument with helical frequency determining means
US4539888A (en) * 1984-02-24 1985-09-10 Maurice Whelan Extended range musical pipe instrument
US5027685A (en) * 1989-12-04 1991-07-02 Lenz Frederick C Woodwind instrument

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