FR2746059A1 - Opening mechanism for side door of vehicle - Google Patents

Opening mechanism for side door of vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
FR2746059A1
FR2746059A1 FR9603349A FR9603349A FR2746059A1 FR 2746059 A1 FR2746059 A1 FR 2746059A1 FR 9603349 A FR9603349 A FR 9603349A FR 9603349 A FR9603349 A FR 9603349A FR 2746059 A1 FR2746059 A1 FR 2746059A1
Authority
FR
France
Prior art keywords
door
link
vehicle
closed
links
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
FR9603349A
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
FR2746059B1 (en
Inventor
Gerard Beugnet
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Renault SAS
Original Assignee
Renault SAS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Renault SAS filed Critical Renault SAS
Priority to FR9603349A priority Critical patent/FR2746059B1/en
Publication of FR2746059A1 publication Critical patent/FR2746059A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of FR2746059B1 publication Critical patent/FR2746059B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60JWINDOWS, WINDSCREENS, NON-FIXED ROOFS, DOORS, OR SIMILAR DEVICES FOR VEHICLES; REMOVABLE EXTERNAL PROTECTIVE COVERINGS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES
    • B60J5/00Doors
    • B60J5/04Doors arranged at the vehicle sides
    • B60J5/047Doors arranged at the vehicle sides characterised by the opening or closing movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D15/00Suspension arrangements for wings
    • E05D15/06Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane
    • E05D15/10Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane
    • E05D15/1005Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane the wing being supported on arms movable in horizontal planes
    • E05D15/101Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane the wing being supported on arms movable in horizontal planes specially adapted for vehicles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D3/00Hinges with pins
    • E05D3/06Hinges with pins with two or more pins
    • E05D3/14Hinges with pins with two or more pins with four parallel pins and two arms
    • E05D3/145Hinges with pins with two or more pins with four parallel pins and two arms specially adapted for vehicles
    • E05D3/147Hinges with pins with two or more pins with four parallel pins and two arms specially adapted for vehicles for vehicle doors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/50Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles
    • E05Y2900/53Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/531Doors

Abstract

<P> The invention relates to a side door of a motor vehicle, which closes access to an opening in the passenger compartment of the vehicle, characterized in that the door (16) is connected to the body (30) by two links ( 22, 24) whose front and rear longitudinal ends are articulated around substantially vertical parallel axes, respectively on the internal face of the door (16) and on a panel (30) of the body arranged behind the door (16 ), and in that in the closed position of the door (16), the two links extend substantially parallel to the general plane of the door. </P>

Description

 The invention relates to a side door of a motor vehicle with improved opening kinematics.

 The invention relates more particularly to a side door of a motor vehicle, which closes access to an opening of the passenger compartment of the vehicle.

 It is known to use sliding side doors, in particular for the rear doors of certain passenger vehicles or for the loading doors of commercial vehicles.

 Sliding doors allow the opening of the passenger compartment to be completely cleared, unlike hinged doors, the opening angle of which often does not exceed 80, which hinders access to the interior of the vehicle and sometimes forces you to bypass the door open to access the opening.

 In addition, hinged doors require the vehicle to be far enough from any obstacle to allow the door to open. This is all the more important as the opening, and therefore the door which condemns it, is of large dimensions.

 Known sliding doors are generally mounted on two rails, one of which, upper, is arranged at the level of the roof, above the opening, the other being arranged at the waistline, ie below the lower level of the vehicle windows, on a body panel which adjacent to the opening.

 The upper rail therefore requires that the roof structure be reinforced, which leads to a significant increase in the mass of this structure and which tends to enhance the center of gravity of the vehicle.

Furthermore, this rail and the reinforcements that it requires encroach on the passenger compartment by reducing on the one hand the height of
The opening, and on the other hand the interior volume available either for the passengers, or for a possible cargo.

 As for the lower rail, if it is arranged at the waistline, it is necessarily visible outside the vehicle, which poses the problem of its aesthetic integration.

 In addition, the handling of conventional sliding doors is often difficult, especially in the closing phase of the door.

 Indeed, a sliding door must first be released transversely relative to the vehicle before it can be released longitudinally, for example towards the rear.

 However, this movement of the door, in a direction perpendicular to the general plane thereof, is not natural for a user accustomed to a conventional hinged door.

 In addition, the transverse movement of the sliding door coincides with the direction of tightening that the door must exert on the seal, and the door therefore comes into reach simultaneously over the entire length of the seal. This results in a sudden increase in the effort required to close. Often, and especially when the sliding door has been handled many times, it is necessary to recover from it several times before closing such a door correctly.

 The invention therefore aims to propose a design of the kinematics of opening a side door which allows total clearance of the opening for better accessibility, which allows to open the side door even if the vehicle is stopped near an obstacle, for example another parked car, the use of which is simple, ergonomic and reliable.

 To this end, the invention provides a door of the type seen above, characterized in that the door is connected to the body by two rods, the front and rear longitudinal ends of which are articulated around substantially vertical parallel axes, respectively on the face internal of the door and on a body panel arranged behind the door, and in that in the closed position of the door, the two rods extend longitudinally substantially parallel to the plane of the door.

According to other features of the invention
- one of the links, front, is articulated substantially at the front of the door, the other link, rear, is articulated substantially at the rear of the door, the length of the rear link is variable, and the link rear lengthens from a short state to a long state when the door moves from its closed position to its open position
- when the door is in the closed position, the front end of the door has at least one pivot which is received in a housing secured to the vehicle body
- The front end of the door has two vertical pivots, upper and lower, which are each received in a slide arranged at the front of the opening;
each slide comprises two vertical rails, internal and external, which are perpendicular to the axes of rotation of the rods and which extend parallel to one another in a direction slightly oblique with respect to the longitudinal direction of the vehicle so that the rear end of the rails forming the entrance to the slide is offset transversely towards the outside of the vehicle, and the rear end of the internal rail extends rearwards beyond the rear end of the external rail
- between its closed position and an intermediate position, the door is driven in a rotational movement, around its front pivots, combined with a translational movement, towards the rear, of small amplitude
- when the door is in the intermediate position, each pivot is located outside the corresponding slide, opposite an entry thereof
- when the door passes from its intermediate position to its open position, the rear link retains a constant length
- when the rear link is in its long state, the two links are of substantially equal length
- the distance separating the articulation axes of the two links on the door is of the same order of magnitude as the distance separating the articulation axes of the two links on the body
- the proportional elongation of the rear link between its short and long states is less than one fifth of its length in the short state
- the front link is produced in the form of a plate which is arranged in the plane of the articulation axes of the link on the door and on the body
- the rear link is telescopic and it exerts a force on the door which tends to move it from its closed position to urge it towards its open position
- the door is provided with a locking device in the closed position which cooperates with the vehicle body and which is arranged at the rear of the door
- It is a rear door arranged behind a door which is articulated by its front end around a substantially vertical axis
- the two doors close access to a single opening devoid of a central upright at the junction of the two doors.

Other characteristics and advantages of the invention will appear on reading the following detailed description for the understanding of which reference will be made to the accompanying drawings in which
- Figure 1 is a side view of a motor vehicle having three side doors and whose door is rear is designed in accordance with the teachings of the invention;
- Figure 2 is an enlarged view of Figure 1, partially broken away, illustrating the hinge means of the door according to the invention;
- Figure 3 is a partial sectional view along a horizontal plane of the door according to the invention, shown in the closed position
- Figures 4 and 5 are views similar to those of Figure 3, in which the door according to the invention is shown respectively in the intermediate position and in the open position
- Figure 6 is a detailed perspective view illustrating a vertical pivot and the corresponding slide which guide the front end of the door according to the invention in the closed position; and
- Figure 7 is a partial perspective view illustrating the arrangement of the rear link produced in the form of a jack.

 FIG. 1 shows a motor vehicle 10 of the unibody type which has three side doors, front 12, median 14 and rear 16.

 The front door 12 is for example of the pivoting type and of conventional design.

 The middle door 14 is also a pivoting door, which is articulated by its front end around a vertical axis arranged in the vicinity of its front edge, but which is associated with the rear door 16 to give access to a single opening, devoid of central upright at the junction of the two doors 14, 16, which significantly improves accessibility to the vehicle.

 The opening which is closed by the rear 16 and middle 14 doors having no central upright, the locking means of the middle door 14 must be arranged at the rear end of the latter and designed to cooperate with the floor 18 and the roof 20 of the vehicle.

 In accordance with the teachings of the invention, the rear door 16 is a door which is mounted on the vehicle body by means of two links, front 22 and rear 24.

 The front link 22 is intended to support most of the weight of the door 16 and the forces applied to it.

 Thus, it is produced in the form of a plate, arranged in a substantially vertical plane, and articulated by its end edges, front 26 and rear 28, respectively on the door 16 and on a fixed rear panel 30 of the vehicle, around axes Al and A2.

 The axes A1 and A2 of articulation of the front link 22 are parallel, and they are arranged in a vertical longitudinal plane when the door 16 is in the closed position.

 The axes A1 and A2 are inclined rearward relative to the vertical, that is to say that their lower end extends in front of their upper end.

The rear link 24 is articulated in the same way, around two axes A3, A4 substantially parallel to the axes
A1, A2, respectively on the door 16 and on the fixed panel 30.

 As can be seen more particularly in FIGS. 3 to 5, the front link 22 is articulated by its rear end 28 to the front end 32 of the panel 30, on a fitting 34 which extends forwards the internal face 36 of the panel 30.

 The front link 22 is also mounted articulated on the door 16, in the vicinity of the front end 38 thereof. More particularly, in the embodiment shown in the figures, the front end 26 of the front link 22 is articulated substantially at the level of the front third of the door 16, on an internal face 39 of the latter.

 The front link 22, which is produced in the form of a plate, is arranged in height below the level of the window 40 of the rear door 16.

 When the rear door 16 is closed, as shown in FIG. 3, the front 22 and rear 24 links each extend parallel in a substantially longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

 In accordance with the teachings of the invention, the rear link 24 is of variable length and, in the embodiment shown, it is produced in the form of a telescopic jack comprising a jack body 42 whose front end 44 is articulated on a rear end edge 46 of the door 16.

 The jack 24 also includes a piston, the rod 48 of which extends rearward and the rear end 50 of which is articulated on the rear body panel 30.

 When the door 16 is in the closed position, the rear link 24 is received in a housing which extends substantially longitudinally rearwards from the front edge of the panel 30, the housing 52 being open in the external face 54 of the rear panel 30 .

 A cover 53, which is carried by the actuator body 42 so as to disengage with it when the door is opened, closes the housing 52 by flush with the vehicle body surface when the door 16 is closed.

 As can be seen more particularly in FIG. 2, the door 16 is provided, at its front end 38, with guide means 55 which make it possible to keep the door 16 in the closed position.

 Since the opening which is closed by the middle 14 and rear 16 doors has no central upright, these guide means 55 are arranged at the level of the floor 18 and of the roof 20.

 FIG. 6 shows the guide means 55 which are intended to be arranged at the level of the pavilion 20.

They comprise a pivot 56 which is integral with the front end 38 of the door 16 and which extends vertically upwards from an upper edge of the door. The pivot 56 is intended to be received in a guide slide 58 which is integral with the pavilion 20.

 The guide slide 58 comprises two parallel rails, internal 60 and external 62, which are offset transversely and which delimit between them a housing 64 intended to receive the pivot 56.

 The two rails 60, 62 extend parallel vertically downwards from a base 61 for attachment to the roof 20, and they extend in a substantially horizontal direction which is slightly oblique with respect to the longitudinal direction of the vehicle, such so that the rear end of the two rails 60, 62 is offset transversely towards the outside of the vehicle relative to the front end. as can be seen more particularly in FIG. 5.

 In the exemplary embodiment which is shown in the figures, the front end of the two rails 60, 62 is constituted by a junction portion in an arc of a circle 66 which delimits the bottom of the housing 64 of the slide 58 longitudinally.

 Furthermore, the internal rail 60 extends longitudinally rearwards beyond the external rail 62.

 The kinematics of the opening of the door 16 according to the invention will now be described with reference to FIGS. 3 to 5.

 When the door 16 is in the closed position, the two front 22 and rear 24 links are arranged in substantially longitudinal parallel planes, and the pivots 56 of the guide devices are received substantially at the bottom of the slides 58.

 A locking device 68, of any known type, is arranged between the rear edge 46 of the door 16 and the front edge 32 of the rear panel 30.

 In the closed position of the door, the jack 24 which forms the rear link is compressed, that is to say that its length is minimum.

 When the user unlocks the locking device 68, he is able to initiate the opening of the door 16 by pushing it slightly transversely outward. The jack 24, of the gas or spring jack type, relaxes and makes it possible to assist the opening movement by reducing the effort which the user must provide.

Optionally, it is possible to be satisfied with a simple sliding link.

 The door 16 is then driven in a mainly rotational movement around the axis formed by the pivots 56 of the locking devices 55 which can pivot in the corresponding slides 58.

 The start of the opening of the door 16 is therefore effected substantially like the opening of a conventional hinged door. This is allowed by the particular arrangement of the invention according to which the rear link 24 is capable of elongating between a compressed state in which its length is the shortest, shown in FIG. 3, and a relaxed state in which its length is the largest, shown in Figure 4.

 During this first phase of opening, the movement of the door is not a pure movement of rotation.

 Indeed, when the door pivots around the pivots 56, it carries with it in its movement the front link 22 which, for its part, is of fixed length.

 In this way, the front link 22 is moved away from its initial position and pivots about the axis A2 relative to the body of the vehicle.

 The ratio between the angle of rotation 0 of the link 22 around the axis A2 and the angle of rotation of the door 16 around the pivots 56 is all the smaller the more the front end 26 of the front link 22 is articulated on the door 16 near the front end 38 of the door 16. This ratio also decreases with the increase in the length of the front link 22.

 However, in the exemplary embodiment which is shown in the figures, it has been seen that the front end 26 of the link 22 is hooked on the door 16 to approximately one third of the total length of this door 16 relative to the pivot axis formed by the pivots 56.

 In this way, when the door is in an intermediate position, which represented in FIG. 4 and which corresponds to the arrival of the rear cylinder 24 in the relaxed state, the front link 22 has pivoted by an angle 0 relative to its initial position when the door 16 is closed.

 It follows that the front end 26 of the front link 22 imposes on the assembly of the door 16 a longitudinal displacement "d" towards the rear which is added to the rotational movement.

 However, and as can be seen in FIG. 4, the longitudinal displacement "d" is of very small amplitude thanks to a judicious choice of the length of the front link 22 which makes it possible to obtain a low angle of rotation 0. Thus, the displacement "d", the amplitude of which is equal to the distance separating the two axes of articulation A1, A2 of the front link 22 multiplied by the sine of the angle 0, is very small.

 The displacement "d" is nevertheless sufficient for the pivot 56 to move longitudinally rearward in the housing 64 of the slide 58 by a sufficient distance to be released from the external rail 62.

 Preferably, the pivot 56 remains opposite the rear end of the internal rail 60 when the longitudinal end has door 16 is in the intermediate position.

 Furthermore, in this position, the door stops crushing a seal 69 which is arranged around the opening released by the door 16.

 Thus, when the door 16 is released from the guide of the slides 58 and it is capable of being moved towards the rear so as to release the opening of the passenger compartment by following a movement which is assimilated to that of one side. an articulated parallelogram.

 In fact, during this phase of the movement, the length of the rear link 24 remains constant and, in the embodiment shown in the figures, it has been chosen to be substantially equal to that of the front link 22. In addition, the distance which separates the axes of articulation A1, A3 from the front 22 and rear 24 links on the door 16 is substantially equal to that which separates their axes A2, A4 from articulation on the panel 30.

 As can be seen in Figure 5, when the door 16 is in the open position, its front end 38 is substantially at the same level as the front end of the rear panel 30 so that the opening is completely clear.

 The door 16 is then offset transversely outward with respect to the vehicle by a value much lower than that required by a conventional hinged door.

 The closing of the door 16 takes place in reverse of the opening.

 A first phase of the movement leads the door 16 from its open position to its intermediate position by pivoting the two links 22, 24 about their axis of articulation A2, A4 on the vehicle. The jack 24 then remains in the relaxed state.

 When the door 16 arrives in the intermediate position, the pivot 56 comes to bear against the rear end of the internal rail 60 of the slide 58, opposite the entry of the housing 64 delimited by the slide 58.

 The rest of the closing movement is then carried out in a similar manner to the closing of a conventional hinged door by a rotational movement around the pivots 56, the translational movement in the longitudinal direction then being hardly perceptible to the user.

 The invention has just been described in the context of a vehicle with three side doors but it can also be implemented in the context of a vehicle with two side doors only, or even in the case of an autonomous door. .

 Indeed, the presence of an upright at the front end of the opening released by this door does not prevent its operation, and the door retains all its interest, especially in terms of ergonomics and safety.

Claims (16)

 1. Side door of a motor vehicle, which closes the access to an opening of the passenger compartment of the vehicle, characterized in that the door (16) is connected to the body (30) by two links (22, 24), the front (26, 44) and rear (28, 50) longitudinal ends are articulated around substantially vertical parallel axes, respectively on the internal face (39) of the door (16) and on a panel (30) of the body arranged behind the door (16), and in that in the closed position of the door (16), the two rods extend substantially parallel to the general plane of the door.
 2. Door according to claim 1, characterized in that one of the links, front (22), is articulated substantially at the front (38) of the door (16), in that the other link, rear ( 24), is articulated substantially at the rear (46) of the door (16), in that the length of the rear link (24) is variable, and in that the rear link (24) elongates in passing from a short state to a long state when the door (16) moves from its closed position to its open position.
 3. Door according to one of claims 1 or 2, characterized in that, when the door (16) is in the closed position, the front end (38) of the door (16) comprises at least one pivot (56) which is received in a housing (64) integral with the vehicle body.
 4. Door according to claim 3, characterized in that the front end (38) of the door (16) comprises two vertical pivots (56), upper and lower, which are each received in a slide (58) arranged at the 'before work.
 5. Door according to claim 4, characterized in that each slide (58) comprises two vertical rails, internal (60) and external (62), which are perpendicular to the axes of rotation of the rods and which extend parallel one to each other in a direction slightly oblique to the longitudinal direction of the vehicle so that the rear end of the rails (60, 62) forming the entry of the slide (58) is offset transversely towards the outside of the vehicle , and in that the rear end of the internal rail (60) extends rearwards beyond the rear end of the external rail (62).
 6. Door according to one of claims 4 or 5 taken in combination with claim 2, characterized in that between its closed position and an intermediate position, the door (16) is rotated, around its front pivots (56), combined with a translational movement, towards the rear, of small amplitude.
 7. Door according to claim 6, characterized in that when the door (16) is in the intermediate position, each pivot (56) is located outside the corresponding slide (58), opposite an entry thereof .
 8. Door according to one of claims 6 or 7, characterized in that when the door (16) passes from its intermediate position to its open position, the rear link (24) maintains a constant length.
 9. Door according to any one of claims 2 to 8, characterized in that when the rear link (24) is in its long state, the two links (22, 24) are of substantially equal length.
 10. Door according to any one of claims 2 to 9, characterized in that the distance separating the articulation axes of the two links (22, 24) on the door (16) is of the same order of magnitude as the distance separating the axes of articulation of the two links (22, 24) on the body (30).
 11. Door according to any one of claims 2 to 10, characterized in that the proportional elongation of the rear link (24) between its short and long states is less than one fifth of its length in the short state.
 12. Door according to any one of claims 2 to 12, characterized in that the front link (22) is produced in the form of a plate which is arranged in the plane of the axes of articulation (A1, A2) of the link (22) on the door (16) and on the body (30).
 13. Door according to any one of claims 2 to 12, characterized in that the rear link (24) is telescopic and in that it exerts on the door (16) a force which tends to move it from its position closed to urge it towards its open position.
 14. Door according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it is provided with a locking device (68) in the closed position which cooperates with the body (30) of the vehicle and which is arranged at the rear. (38) of the door (16).
 15 Door according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it is a rear door (16) arranged behind a door (14) which is articulated by its front end about an axis substantially vertical.
 16. Door according to claim 15, characterized in that the two doors (14, 16) close access to a single opening devoid of central upright at the junction of the two doors (14, 16).
FR9603349A 1996-03-18 1996-03-18 Side door of a motor vehicle with improved opening kinematics Expired - Lifetime FR2746059B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR9603349A FR2746059B1 (en) 1996-03-18 1996-03-18 Side door of a motor vehicle with improved opening kinematics

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR9603349A FR2746059B1 (en) 1996-03-18 1996-03-18 Side door of a motor vehicle with improved opening kinematics

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
FR2746059A1 true FR2746059A1 (en) 1997-09-19
FR2746059B1 FR2746059B1 (en) 1998-04-24

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FR9603349A Expired - Lifetime FR2746059B1 (en) 1996-03-18 1996-03-18 Side door of a motor vehicle with improved opening kinematics

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FR (1) FR2746059B1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1561891A3 (en) * 2004-02-06 2009-03-18 EDAG GmbH & Co. KGaA Swinging mechanism for opening and closing a door with a door leaf and a door frame, especially for a vehicle door
US9440519B2 (en) * 2014-04-09 2016-09-13 Hyundai Motor Company Sliding door supporting device of vehicle and sliding door device using the same
GB2552814A (en) * 2016-08-10 2018-02-14 Ford Global Tech Llc Improvements in or relating to city cars

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3075803A (en) * 1958-03-15 1963-01-29 Daimler Benz Ag Slidable door in motor vehicles
EP0012511A1 (en) * 1978-11-15 1980-06-25 Ford Motor Company Limited Track for sliding closure and mechanism comprising such a track
FR2455523A1 (en) * 1979-05-04 1980-11-28 Opel Adam Ag Articulated and sliding door, particularly for a motor vehicle
EP0047619A1 (en) * 1980-09-04 1982-03-17 Westinghouse Brake And Signal Company Limited Swinging plug door
DE3611641A1 (en) * 1986-04-07 1987-10-08 Hermann Dipl Ing Koch Device for opening and closing vehicle doors
GB2252780A (en) * 1991-01-12 1992-08-19 Kbd Automotive Limited Vehicle sliding door mounting arrangement

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3075803A (en) * 1958-03-15 1963-01-29 Daimler Benz Ag Slidable door in motor vehicles
EP0012511A1 (en) * 1978-11-15 1980-06-25 Ford Motor Company Limited Track for sliding closure and mechanism comprising such a track
FR2455523A1 (en) * 1979-05-04 1980-11-28 Opel Adam Ag Articulated and sliding door, particularly for a motor vehicle
EP0047619A1 (en) * 1980-09-04 1982-03-17 Westinghouse Brake And Signal Company Limited Swinging plug door
DE3611641A1 (en) * 1986-04-07 1987-10-08 Hermann Dipl Ing Koch Device for opening and closing vehicle doors
GB2252780A (en) * 1991-01-12 1992-08-19 Kbd Automotive Limited Vehicle sliding door mounting arrangement

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1561891A3 (en) * 2004-02-06 2009-03-18 EDAG GmbH & Co. KGaA Swinging mechanism for opening and closing a door with a door leaf and a door frame, especially for a vehicle door
US9440519B2 (en) * 2014-04-09 2016-09-13 Hyundai Motor Company Sliding door supporting device of vehicle and sliding door device using the same
GB2552814A (en) * 2016-08-10 2018-02-14 Ford Global Tech Llc Improvements in or relating to city cars
US10233683B2 (en) 2016-08-10 2019-03-19 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Vehicle having door rear edge opening mechanism

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR2746059B1 (en) 1998-04-24

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