FR2711099A1 - Sliding door for motor vehicles - Google Patents

Sliding door for motor vehicles Download PDF

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Publication number
FR2711099A1
FR2711099A1 FR9312264A FR9312264A FR2711099A1 FR 2711099 A1 FR2711099 A1 FR 2711099A1 FR 9312264 A FR9312264 A FR 9312264A FR 9312264 A FR9312264 A FR 9312264A FR 2711099 A1 FR2711099 A1 FR 2711099A1
Authority
FR
France
Prior art keywords
door
support
guide
slide
rigidly
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
FR9312264A
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
FR2711099B1 (en
Inventor
Gergen Stefan
Pastourel Dominique
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Renault SAS
Regie Nationale des Usines Renault
Original Assignee
Renault SAS
Regie Nationale des Usines Renault
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Renault SAS, Regie Nationale des Usines Renault filed Critical Renault SAS
Priority to FR9312264A priority Critical patent/FR2711099B1/en
Publication of FR2711099A1 publication Critical patent/FR2711099A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of FR2711099B1 publication Critical patent/FR2711099B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60JWINDOWS, WINDSCREENS, NON-FIXED ROOFS, DOORS, OR SIMILAR DEVICES FOR VEHICLES; REMOVABLE EXTERNAL PROTECTIVE COVERINGS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES
    • B60J5/00Doors
    • B60J5/04Doors arranged at the vehicle sides
    • B60J5/06Doors arranged at the vehicle sides slidable; foldable
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D15/00Suspension arrangements for wings
    • E05D15/06Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane
    • E05D15/10Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane
    • E05D15/1005Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane the wing being supported on arms movable in horizontal planes
    • E05D15/101Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane the wing being supported on arms movable in horizontal planes specially adapted for vehicles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D15/00Suspension arrangements for wings
    • E05D15/06Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane
    • E05D15/10Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane
    • E05D15/1021Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane involving movement in a third direction, e.g. vertically
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D15/00Suspension arrangements for wings
    • E05D15/06Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane
    • E05D15/10Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane
    • E05D2015/1028Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane with only the wing moving transversely
    • E05D2015/1031Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane with only the wing moving transversely the wing supported on arms extending from the carriage
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/50Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles
    • E05Y2900/53Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/531Doors

Abstract

<P> Sliding door for motor vehicles which has locking means in its open and closed positions, transverse movement control means which separate the door from the body and the guide rails (12, 13) from the door along the body arranged at a certain vertical distance from each other, characterized in that guide heads (34, 35, 44) secured to the door are mounted in translation on said slides (12, 13) among which two guide heads (34, 35) are rigidly connected to each other along a lower slide (12) by a movable support (33) while a control lever (22) carried by said support (33) is rigidly connected to a support rod (24) of the door mounted for rotation about a transversely inclined axis (30) whose inclination angle (â) has sides perpendicular to the orientation angle of said support rod at (24) so that a rotation of the axis (30) communicated by the control lever (22) modifies the longitudinal and transverse position of the support rod (24). </P>

Description

SLIDING DOOR FOR MOTOR VEHICLES
The invention relates to a sliding door for motor vehicles which has locking means in its open and closed positions, transverse displacement means which separate the door from the bodywork and means for guiding the door along the body.

Such a door has many advantages because it notably facilitates the storage of the vehicle and the ascent and descent of the passengers.

Publication FR-A-1202722 describes a door mounted at the end of transverse guide bars intended in a first phase to extract the door from its frame under the action of a thrust force.

This construction nevertheless has the drawback of loading the support bearings for the guide bars and of requiring a periodic review of the door guide system.

The publication FR-A-1577398 describes an articulated sliding door held in a vertical position during its sliding by means of mobile arms rigidly connected to each other, the ends of which move in rails embedded in the door.

Publication DE-A-1780577 describes a sliding door mounted on a slide fixed to the end of a pivoting arm.

The subject of the invention is a sliding door with increased stability which implements a set of fixed slides, guide heads secured to the door mounted in translation on said slides and a mechanism for unlocking and locking the door at contact of his supervisor.

Another object of the invention is a control mechanism for unlocking the door which gives the door a transverse degree of freedom and which facilitates placing it in the closed position in contact with its frame, under the action of the weight of said door.

The invention also relates to a vehicle door supported by fixed slides arranged substantially in the plane of the door, guide heads rigidly connected to each other by a movable support driven by the door and a lever. control articulated around a fixed axis carried by said support on which the unlocking and locking control mechanism of the door acts.

According to the invention guide heads integral with the door are mounted in translation on said slides, among which two guide heads are rigidly connected to each other along a lower slide by a mobile support driven by the door. while a control lever carried by said support is rigidly connected to a connecting rod for supporting the door, mounted for rotation about a transversely inclined axis whose angle of inclination has sides perpendicular to the angle of orientation of said support rod so that a rotation of the axis communicated by the control lever modifies the longitudinal and transverse position of the support rod, in order to communicate to the door the movements compatible with closing movements or opening hours.

Other characteristics and advantages of the invention will appear on reading the description of an embodiment of the door with reference to the appended drawing in which: - Figure 1 is a schematic representation of a side wall seen
of the passenger compartment, in the door closed position
sliding, - Figure 2 is a schematic representation of the side wall, view
of the passenger compartment in the door open position, - Figure 3 is a perspective view of the lower part of the door and
of its guidance system, - Figure 4 is a vertical sectional view of the guidance system according
the line IV-IV of Figure 1, - Figure 5 is a schematic representation of a guide head
fitted with retaining means in contact with the rear end of a
lower slide, - Figure 6 is a schematic representation of the electrical circuit of
door control.

As shown in Figure 1 and 2 a door 10 is slidably mounted between a closed position shown in Figure 1 and an open position shown in Figure 2, on guide rails 12, 13 along of the rear wing 11 of the body.

The slides 12, 13 are arranged at a certain vertical distance from each other and are respectively secured to structural elements of the vehicle. The lower slide 12 is constituted by two parallel tubes supported by a plate 14 attached to the flap 15.

The upper slide 13 is also supported by a plate attached to the rear lateral superstructure which contributes to stiffening the assembly of said superstructure.

The plate 14 also carries a support 16 of an electrically actuated cylinder 17, the housing 18 of which contains limit switch contacts S1 - S2 (FIG. 6) controlled by the rod 19 of the cylinder when the latter occupies an extended position such as shown in Figure 3 or a retracted position.

The end of the rod 19 of the jack is coupled to a lifter 20 articulated around a fixed axis 21. A branch of the lifter 20 is in contact with a movable control lever 22 with the door 10 when the latter 10 occupies a position longitudinal close to its closed position shown in Figure 1 or 3.

To this end, the control lever 22 is extended laterally by an actuating stud 23 and is rigidly fixed to a control pin 30.

The axis 30 of the control lever 22 also carries a support rod 24 of the door 10 and said lever 22 and rod 24 are rigidly mounted on the axis 30 in order to control the movements of the control lever 22 to those of the connecting rod 24.

The slide 12 and the aforementioned mechanism are masked by interior 60 and exterior 61 trim parts shown in FIG. 4.

The door 10 is supported by a set of connecting rods 24, 25, 26 respectively articulated around the axes 30, 31, 40 longitudinally distributed along the slides 12 and 13. For this purpose the axes 30, 31 of the connecting rods 24, 25 are in correspondence with the base of the door. The apex of the rear lateral edge of the door is extended towards the rear by a coupling nose 41 which supports the connecting rod 26 articulated on a guide head 44 supported by the upper slide 13.

The axes 30, 31 are longitudinally spaced along a mobile carriage 32 slidably mounted on the lower slide 12 and produced by a connection support 33 supported by guide heads 34, 35.

The axis 40 of the connecting rod 26 is fixed on a guide head 44 slidably mounted on the upper slide 12.

In order to allow as shown in Figure 4 a longitudinal and vertical transverse movement of the door, the axes 30, 31, 40 are transversely inclined and have an angle of inclination with sides perpendicular to the angle of orientation of the respective support rods 24, 25, 26.

It follows from this constructive characteristic that the longitudinal and transverse position of a support rod such as 24 is modified as a result of the rotation of the axis 30. Consequently, all of the rods 24, 25, 26 cooperate to the transverse movement of the door 10 out of its frame under the action of the single control lever 22.

As shown in FIG. 1, the support rods 25, 26 are substantially arranged in correspondence with the vertical distance between the slides 12, 13 and are articulated in the vicinity of the base and the top of the rear lateral edge of the door.

In order to allow the longitudinal maintenance of the door in the open position, the rear end of the lower slide 12 has a notch 121 for receiving a mechanical locking finger 122 from the guide head 35. A mechanism for actuation 123 provides the unlocking control of the head 35 for example from the interior panel of the door.

The door 10 is advantageously hidden in the open position by the rear wing 11 of the body. To this end, the guide rails 12, 13 are transversely offset in the direction of the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle with respect to the outer surface of the wing 11.

FIG. 6 schematically represents the electrical circuit for controlling the door.

An electronic unit 50 receives the control signals delivered by a push button 51 of the dashboard or by a contactor 52 placed on the front upright of the bodywork and capable of being actuated by the carriage 32 during its movement towards the front on lower slide 12.

The housing 50, supplied by the battery 53, delivers the control voltage to the jack 17 contained in its protective housing 18 together with the limit switches S1, S2.

For a better understanding of the invention, the operation of the door will now be described with reference to the drawing.

From the open position shown in Figure 2, the door is operated in the direction of its closure. The lower guide head 34 actuates the closing contact 52 carried for example by the front pillar of the door. This ensures the supply of the electronic unit 50 which delivers an electrical voltage to the release cylinder 17 of the control lever 22. The rod 19 of the cylinder retracts and the control lever 22 actuated by the lifter 20 pivots in the direction " F "shown in FIG. 3. A limit switch S2 integrated into the jack stops the movement of the rod 19 of the jack in its retracted position in which the control lever 22 has been lifted by the lifter 20 coupled to the rod 19 and rotatably mounted about a fixed axis 21. A branch of the lifter 20 lifts the control lever 22 and the latter drives the support rod 24 and the entire door in contact with the upright.

The upright also carries cells for receiving centering pins 54 mounted on the front edge of the door.

When the door is closed, the vehicle has the appearance of a conventional hinged door vehicle. The door opening operation is also very simple. The user actuates a push button 51 on the dashboard. The latter ensures the supply of the electronic unit 50 which delivers an electrical voltage to the release cylinder 17 of the control lever 22. The limit switch S1 integrated in the cylinder stops the movement of the rod 19 of the cylinder in its extended position. The control lever 22 can then pivot in the direction "O" shown in FIG. 3.

The door separates from the front upright of the bodywork and the rotation of the support rods 24, 25, 26 about the respective axes 30, 31, 40 is transformed into a transverse movement of the door towards the longitudinal median plane of the vehicle. This is then maneuvered and moves along the guide rails 12, 13 to occupy a hidden position behind the rear wing 11 of the body. In this position the locking finger 122 of the guide head 35 is engaged in the notch 121 of the slide 12 and makes it possible to drive the vehicle with the door open.

Claims (4)

 1) Sliding door for motor vehicles which has means
 locking in its open and closed positions,
 transverse displacement control means which separate the
 body door and guide rails (12, 13) of the
 door along the body arranged at a certain distance
 vertical to each other, characterized by the fact that
 guide (34, 35, 44) integral with the door are mounted in translation
 on said slides (12, 13) including two guide heads
 (34, 35) are rigidly connected to each other along a slide
 lower (12) by a movable support (33) while a lever
 control (22) carried by said support (33) is rigidly connected to a
 door support rod (24) mounted for rotation about an axis
 (30) transversely inclined, whose inclination angle (â) has
 sides perpendicular to the angle of orientation of said connecting rod
 support (24) so that a rotation of the axis (30) communicated by
 the control lever (22) changes the longitudinal position and
 transverse 'of the support rod (24).
2) Door according to claim 1, characterized in that two
 support rods (25, 26) substantially arranged in correspondence
 with the vertical distance between the guide rails (12,
 rear side of the door.
 13) are articulated near the base and the top of the edge
3) Door according to all of claims 1 and 2, characterized by
 causes the rear end of a slide (12) to have a notch
 (121) receiving a locking must (122) of a head
 guide (35) integral with the door.
4) Door according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized
 by the fact that the guide rails (12, 13) are
 transversely offset from the outer surface of the wing
 rear (11) of the body in the direction of the longitudinal plane
 center of the vehicle and are respectively carried by a flap (15)
 and by the rear lateral superstructure.
FR9312264A 1993-10-15 1993-10-15 Sliding door for motor vehicles. Expired - Fee Related FR2711099B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR9312264A FR2711099B1 (en) 1993-10-15 1993-10-15 Sliding door for motor vehicles.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR9312264A FR2711099B1 (en) 1993-10-15 1993-10-15 Sliding door for motor vehicles.

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
FR2711099A1 true FR2711099A1 (en) 1995-04-21
FR2711099B1 FR2711099B1 (en) 1995-12-01

Family

ID=9451850

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
FR9312264A Expired - Fee Related FR2711099B1 (en) 1993-10-15 1993-10-15 Sliding door for motor vehicles.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
FR (1) FR2711099B1 (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR1202722A (en) * 1957-10-09 1960-01-12 Tatra Np Door opening taking place in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the vehicle
FR1577398A (en) * 1967-04-21 1969-08-08
DE1780577A1 (en) * 1968-09-30 1972-01-13 Alfred Grossbach Sliding door, in particular for cars
WO1984004282A1 (en) * 1983-04-28 1984-11-08 Tammerneon Oy Sliding door for vehicles
GB2252780A (en) * 1991-01-12 1992-08-19 Kbd Automotive Limited Vehicle sliding door mounting arrangement

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR1202722A (en) * 1957-10-09 1960-01-12 Tatra Np Door opening taking place in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the vehicle
FR1577398A (en) * 1967-04-21 1969-08-08
DE1780577A1 (en) * 1968-09-30 1972-01-13 Alfred Grossbach Sliding door, in particular for cars
WO1984004282A1 (en) * 1983-04-28 1984-11-08 Tammerneon Oy Sliding door for vehicles
GB2252780A (en) * 1991-01-12 1992-08-19 Kbd Automotive Limited Vehicle sliding door mounting arrangement

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR2711099B1 (en) 1995-12-01

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Date Code Title Description
TP Transmission of property
ST Notification of lapse

Effective date: 20070629