FR2659432A1 - Telescopic cartridge and breech-block loading system - Google Patents

Telescopic cartridge and breech-block loading system Download PDF

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Publication number
FR2659432A1
FR2659432A1 FR9015335A FR9015335A FR2659432A1 FR 2659432 A1 FR2659432 A1 FR 2659432A1 FR 9015335 A FR9015335 A FR 9015335A FR 9015335 A FR9015335 A FR 9015335A FR 2659432 A1 FR2659432 A1 FR 2659432A1
Authority
FR
France
Prior art keywords
shutter
cartridge
projectile
weapon
tube
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
FR9015335A
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
FR2659432B1 (en
Inventor
Koine Richard
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Rheinmetall Industrie AG
Original Assignee
Rheinmetall GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE19904007544 priority Critical patent/DE4007544C2/en
Application filed by Rheinmetall GmbH filed Critical Rheinmetall GmbH
Publication of FR2659432A1 publication Critical patent/FR2659432A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of FR2659432B1 publication Critical patent/FR2659432B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B39/00Packaging or storage of ammunition or explosive charges; Safety features thereof; Cartridge belts or bags
    • F42B39/08Cartridge belts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A3/00Breech mechanisms, e.g. locks
    • F41A3/12Bolt action, i.e. the main breech opening movement being parallel to the barrel axis
    • F41A3/14Rigid bolt locks, i.e. having locking elements rigidly mounted on the bolt or bolt handle and on the barrel or breech-housing respectively
    • F41A3/16Rigid bolt locks, i.e. having locking elements rigidly mounted on the bolt or bolt handle and on the barrel or breech-housing respectively the locking elements effecting a rotary movement about the barrel axis, e.g. rotating cylinder bolt locks
    • F41A3/26Rigid bolt locks, i.e. having locking elements rigidly mounted on the bolt or bolt handle and on the barrel or breech-housing respectively the locking elements effecting a rotary movement about the barrel axis, e.g. rotating cylinder bolt locks semi-automatically or automatically operated, e.g. having a slidable bolt-carrier and a rotatable bolt
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/01Feeding of unbelted ammunition
    • F41A9/24Feeding of unbelted ammunition using a movable magazine or clip as feeding element
    • F41A9/25Feeding of unbelted ammunition using a movable magazine or clip as feeding element using a sliding clip
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B5/00Cartridge ammunition, e.g. separately-loaded propellant charges
    • F42B5/02Cartridges, i.e. cases with charge and missile
    • F42B5/045Cartridges, i.e. cases with charge and missile of telescopic type

Abstract

<P> The invention relates to a cartridge (10.1, respectively 10.2), improved compared to the telescopic cartridges known to date and comprising a projectile (16) surrounded by a propellant charge (12) of substantially tubular shape, in view of '' a shot by automatic weapons. Associated with the cartridge (10.1) is a loading and sealing system configured according to the invention, which consists of a slider loader (116) and a straight stroke shutter (106). At the start of a firing cycle, the cartridge (10.1) is placed in the firing position behind a weapon tube (104). During the closing of the shutter with rectilinear stroke (106), the projectile (16) is pushed out of the propellant charge (12), by means of a mandrel (110) situated on the shutter side, to pass into the weapon tube (104), before ignition of an ignition charge housed at the rear in the projectile (16). </P>

Description

Telescopic cartridge and system
shutter / loading for an automatic tube weapon
The invention relates to a telescopic cartridge comprising a socket for an automatic tube weapon, the cartridge containing a propellant charge with an axial hollow space which receives a projectile and relates to a closure and loading system for loading this telescopic cartridge.

 A telescopic cartridge of the preamble type is known for example from DE-C-29 14 049. The functions, the mode of operation and the advantages of such a telescopic cartridge compared to the cartridges known to date for tube weapons automatic are described in detail in DE-C-29 14 049.

 As with the other known telescopic cartridges, in the case of a cartridge according to DE-C-39 14 049, a projectile body is provided with an ignition charge mounted behind the tail of the projectile, in a propellant charge. At the start of a firing cycle, this ignition charge is ignited and ignites what is called an auxiliary propellant charge, which in turn displaces a piston, which produces the placement of the projectile in the tube of the weapon. Despite costly measures, the first firing of the projectile in the tear tube almost takes place in a free flight process and this is problematic.

This is why the present invention aims to create a telescopic cartridge and a sealing and loading system for a tube weapon.
automatic, which allows a secure installation of the projectile in the barrel of the weapon, without having to implement beforehand an ignition charge.

This problem is solved by a cartridge
telescopic, comprising a socket for an automatic tube weapon, the cartridge containing a propellant charge with an axial hollow space which receives a projectile, characterized by the following characteristics
a) the projectile is provided with a rear recess which contains an ignition charge to ignite the propellant charge;
b) the projectile is fixed in the propellant charge by means of a filling mass containing the powder of the propellant charge,
c) the projectile is adjacent to the propellant charge,
as well as by a shutter and loading system of an automatic tube weapon, for loading a telescopic cartridge according to the invention, characterized by the following characteristics
a) the shutter and loading system has a mobile cartridge magazine, guided on guide ribs, comprising at least two chambers and a straight stroke shutter, or when the stroke is triggered, the straight stroke shutter and the magazine chamber which is aligned with the weapon tube together form a cartridge magazine and the weapon tube partially accommodating this cartridge magazine.

 b) the obturator with rectilinear stroke contains an axial mandrel which is used for the extraction out of the propellant charge of the projectile of the telescopic cartridge, to pass in the weapon tube.

 According to an advantageous embodiment of the telescopic cartridge, in conjunction with the use of a special cartridge magazine and a straight-line shutter in a sealing and loading system according to the invention, the invention allows advantageously to ensure a safe introduction of the projectile contained in the telescopic cartridge according to the invention into a weapon tube of a weapon with an automatic tube. Thanks to the configuration according to the invention of the shutter and loading system, it is also possible to obtain great speed for the firing cycle.

 According to another advantageous embodiment of the invention, the telescopic cartridge according to the invention is surrounded by a sleeve, which encloses and protects it during storage and transport and which can however be released from the telescopic cartridge by sliding during loading process. Since this socket remains intact from any damage during the charging process, it can be reused. Thanks to the integration of an ignition charge in the rear of the projectile, the cartridge according to the invention is significantly shorter than the anterior telescopic cartridges having corresponding dimensions.

Other advantageous embodiments of the cartridge according to the invention are characterized in that:
the holding force of the filling mass holding the projectile in the propellant charge is chosen such that on the one hand the projectile is capable of being pushed out of the propellant charge, by a shutter with locking of the weapon at b tube, to pass in a weapon tube, that on the other hand the projectile is fixed in the propellant charge during transport and storage of the telescopic cartridge.

 - At the bottom of the projectile is provided at least one ignition hole, which starts from the recess, diagonally backwards.

- According to another advantageous embodiment of the filling and loading system according to the invention
a) the chambers are made substantially tubular and interconnected by a connecting rib;
b) when the shutter is locked, the mandrel of the straight stroke shutter plunges fully into the magazine chamber which is in the firing position;
c) a sleeve-shaped outer body of the shutter with a straight stroke partially covers the chamber, being in the firing position, of the magazine when the shutter is locked.

 - in the mandrel of the obturator with a straight stroke is provided a central bore in which is disposed an axially movable ignition needle.

 - An erosion insert ensuring axial / radial sealing is provided in a recess located on the bottom side of the weapon tube.

 - the weapon tube is mounted axially movable in a weapon casing and performs a tube stroke at the start of the firing cycle and covers the chamber, being in the firing position, of the magazine, up to the connecting rib.

 - the shutter with rectilinear stroke is a shutter with a rotary head.

 - the charger is a cursor charger.

The invention is described and explained in detail below, using a preferred embodiment, with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which
Figure 1 is a sectional representation of a telescopic cartridge according to the invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional representation of a closure and loading system according to the invention, for a telescopic cartridge according to the invention, according to FIG. 1, when the shutter is locked, and
Figure 3 is a sectional view of the sealing and loading system according to Figure 2, along a section line resigned by III-III, at the start of a firing cycle.

 In FIG. 1, a telescopic cartridge according to the invention is designated by 10.1. It essentially consists of a propellant charge 12 with a hollow space 14 which receives a projectile 16. At the rear of the projectile is provided a greed, which is not shown in detail here, in which a charge of ignition 18, preferably a percussion ignition charge. This ignition charge 18 can however be electrically controlled without limiting the idea of the invention.

 In the region of its tip and in its rear region, the projectile 16 is fixed in the axial hollow space 14 of the propellant charge 12 by means of a filling mass 20 which preferably contains powder of propellant charge. The filling mass 20 can be placed in the rear zone of the projectile 16, as clearly shown in FIG. 1, in the intermediate space between the rear of the projectile and the propellant charge; in the projectile point zone, there is advantageously provided for this purpose in the propellant charge 12 a through radial recess, which is not shown in detail here, in which can be accommodated a kind of filling plug 20 as shown in Figure 1.

 The holding forces exerted by the filling mass 20 on the projectile 16 and on the propellant charge 12t are then dimensioned in such a way that the projectile 16 is on the one hand fixed for transport and storage, but on the other hand apart from that it can be extracted in the longitudinal direction by mechanical action of a locking shutter according to the invention (described below), outside of the propellant charge 12.

 To improve the ignition of the propellant charge 12 thanks to an ignition charge 1.8 already fired, ignition holes 22 are provided starting from the rear recess, receiving the ignition charge 18, of the projectile 16 oriented towards the outside.

 To ensure safe handling during storage and transport of the telescopic cartridge 10.1, the propellant charge 12 is surrounded by a socket 24, preferably made of metal.

 In Figures 2 and 3 is shown a sealing and loading system 100 for the telescopic cartridge 10.1 according to the invention which is shown in Figure 1. For the sake of simplicity, Figures 2 and 3 are explained together.

 In a weapon housing designated by 102, which can be any weapon housing of an automatic weapon, there is provided an axial recess, not shown in detail, in which is disposed, behind a weapon tube 104 movable longitudinally inside thereof, a shutter with a straight stroke, preferably, as shown here, a rotary head shutter 106. In a manner known per se, the rotary head shutter 106 is guided movably in a polygonal profile 103 located in the weapon housing.

 The rotary head shutter 106 has a casing-like outer body 108 open towards the weapon tube 104, and a central mandrel 110, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3. The mandrel 110 of the rotary head obturator 106 is provided with a central bore 112 which, as shown in FIG. 2, can also have stages of different diameters and in which is housed an ignition needle 114, for the initiation of the ignition charge 18 located on the rear side of the projectile (see also Figure 1 for this purpose).

 As shown in FIG. 3, at the start of a firing cycle, two telescopic cartridges 10.1 and 10.2 are each placed at the disposal outside the weapon casing 102, parallel to the weapon tube 104.

Alternatively, thanks to an ejector known per se, the propellant charge 12 containing the projectile is each time pushed out of its casing 24, against the firing direction, in a cartridge magazine, preferably a cursor magazine 116. In the situation which is shown in Figure 3, this is already done with the propellant charge 16 of the cartridge 10.1.

 The slider magazine 116 is movably mounted in the weapon casing 102, transverse to the weapon tube 104, and consists of two chambers 118.1 and 118.2, which each serve to receive a propellant charge 12 with a projectile 16 at the interior. Alternatively, each time a chamber (in FIG. 3 it is the chamber 118; 1) is placed in the external position to receive a propellant charge 12, so that the other chamber (the chamber 118.2 in FIG. 3) is oriented in position of installation behind the weapon tube 10 and aligned with respect thereto and to the rotary head shutter 106.

 The two chambers 118; 1 and 118; 2 of the slide magazine 116 are interconnected by means of a connecting rib 120. To allow guidance in the weapon housing 102, the slide magazine 116 is provided with ribs guide 122 (see also FIG. 2), which are guided in corresponding internal grooves in the weapon casing 102.

A firing mechanism for the slide magazine 116, by means of which the latter can be moved forwards and backwards transversely with respect to the weapon tube 104, is known per se and is not represented for this reason, by simplicity concerns.

 In the tube, a recess 124 has been provided in the zone of the weapon tube 104 which extends to the zone of the weapon tube 104 at which a groove profile begins, in the embodiment example according to invention which is shown.

 In this recess 124 is inserted an erosion insert 126, preferably made of a metallic material, which thanks to its particular configuration shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 ensures a radial and axial seal during firing, when the shutter 106 is Locked. This erosion insert is advantageously interchangeable.

 In addition, there is shown at 129 in FIGS. 2 and 3 a shutter stroke (oriented towards the weapon barrel), which the shutter with rotary head 106 performs to lock to unlock the loading and loading system. shutter 100 and by 128 a tube stroke of the weapon tube 104, which is carried out in the opposite direction to the shutter stroke 129. The drives of these longitudinal strokes 128,219 are known in themselves and for this reason will not be described in detail, for the sake of simplicity.

 The triggering of the propellant charge 18 (see also FIG. 1) in the projectile 16 of the telescopic cartridge 10.1 takes place after the rotary head shutter 106 has been completely locked thanks to a longitudinal displacement of the needle. ignition 114 in the bore 112 cleaning in the mandrel 110 of the shutter 106. The ignition mechanism 130 necessary for this purpose is also known per se and has been shown here only for the sake of being complete.

 At the start of a firing cycle, a propellant charge 12 is extracted from the casing 24 with the projectile 16 of a cartridge 10.1 according to the invention, to pass into a chamber 118.1 of the cursor charger 116. This situation is shown in FIG. 3. After actuation of an extraction device, known per se and not shown, the slide magazine 116 is moved in the weapon casing 102, transverse to the weapon tube 104, until the chamber 118.1 is aligned with the weapon tube 104. The second chamber 118.2 of the slider magazine 116 is then in an external position and is ready to receive the propellant charge 12, with the projectile 16 contained inside, 'a second telescopic cartridge 10.2.

 Now, the weapon tube 104 is brought, by the value of the longitudinal travel designated by 128, in the direction of the magazine of the cursor 118.1 which is aligned with respect to the weapon tube 104, so that a part of the recess located at the bottom of the tube 124 covers the slide magazine 118.15 up to the connecting rib 120. Simultaneously, but only with a speed noticeably higher than for the weapon tube 104, the rotary head shutter 106 is extracted from its open position shown in FIG. 3 and brought to the weapon tube 104, the mandrel 110 engaging on the rear of the projectile 16 and thus placing the projectile 16 in its position firing in the weapon tube 104. Simultaneously with the penetration of the mandrel 110 into 1 (the axial hollow space 14 of the propellant charge 16 of the telescopic cartridge 10.1, the magazine with cursor magazine 118.1 having a tubular shape is increasingly no longer covered by the ex body sleeve-shaped inner 108 of the shutter 106. After the rotary head shutter 106 has completed its full stroke 129, the sleeve-shaped outer horn 108 of the shutter 106 also touches the connecting rib 120 , respectively on the guide ribs 122 of the slider magazine 116. The slider magazine chamber 118.1 is thus entirely hermetically closed, namely on the one hand by the weapon tube 104 and on the other hand by the shutter a rotary head 106, so that a loading space is formed.

 During the continuation of the process, the ignition needle 114 which is released by the ignition mechanism 130 and which moves forward towards the weapon tube 104, will prick the ignition charge 18 located in the projectile 16 and ignite it. Due to the ignition holes 22 provided in the rear of the projectile, a regular ignition of the propellant charge 12 of the telescopic cartridge 10.1 is obtained, by means of which the fire is triggered and the projectile 16 of the cartridge 10.1 is accelerated in the weapon tube 104. Immediately5 the weapon tube 104 and the rotary head shutter 106 each perform their longitudinal travel 128 and 128 in opposite directions5 the shutter 106 is open and the slide magazine 116 is released.

 In the case where a new shot is desired, the propellant charge 12, meanwhile placed in the cursor magazine chamber 118.2, with the projectile contained inside 16 of the new telescopic cartridge 10.1, or of another cartridge, is placed in the firing position behind the weapon tube 104 by a new movement of the slide magazine 116, so that, thanks to a new locking of the shutter 106 and to a weapon tube stroke 128 effected simultaneously, a new shot can be started.

 It is appropriate that, during the firing trigger (s), new telescopic cartridges are placed next to the weapon casing 102, in the manner shown in FIG. 3, to be received in the chambers of the cursor magazine.

In the case of a new triggering of a shot, the movement of the movement of the cursor magazine 116, of the weapon tube 104 and of the shutter with rotary head 106 occur in the manner corresponding to that described above.

Claims (11)

 1. Telescopic cartridge (10.1), comprising a socket (24) for an automatic tube weapon, the cartridge (10.1) containing a propellant charge (12) with an axial hollow space (14) which receives a projectile, characterized by the characteristics following
 a) the projectile (16) is provided with a rear recess which contains an ignition charge (18) for igniting the propellant charge (12);
 b) the projectile (16) is fixed in the propellant charge by means of a filling mass (20) containing the powder of the propellant charge;
 c) the projectile (16) is adjacent to the propellant charge (12).
 2. Telescopic cartridge according to claim 1, characterized in that the force for holding the filling mass (20) holding the projectile (16) in the propellant charge (12) is chosen such that on the one hand the projectile (16 ) is likely to be pushed out of the propellant charge (12), by a locking shutter (106) of the tube weapon, to pass into a weapon tube (104), than on the other hand the projectile ( 16) is fixed in the propellant charge (12) during transport and storage of the telescopic cartridge (10.1).
 3. Telescopic cartridge according to claim 2, characterized in that, during storage and transport, the cartridge (10.1) is surrounded by its sleeve (24) and that during the loading process, the latter can be released from the cartridge telescopic (10.1) by sliding.
 4. Telescopic cartridge according to claim 1, characterized in that at the bottom of the projectile (16) is provided at least one ignition bore (22), which starts from the recess, at an angle towards the rear.
 5. shutter and loading system (100) of an automatic tube weapon, for loading a telescopic cartridge (10.1) according to claim 1, characterized by the following characteristics
 a) the closure and loading system (100) has a movable cartridge magazine (116), guided on guide ribs (122), comprising at least two chambers (118,1 and 118; 2) as well as a shutter with a straight stroke (106), or when the shot is triggered, the shutter with a straight stroke (106) and the chamber (118.1) of the magazine (116) which is aligned with respect to the weapon tube (104) form together a cartridge magazine and the weapon tube (104) partially housing this cartridge magazine.
 b) the shutter with rectilinear stroke (106) contains an axial mandrel (110) which is used for the extraction out of the propellant charge (12) of the projectile (16) of the telescopic cartridge (10.155 to pass in the tube of weapon (104).
 6. sealing and loading system (100) according to claim 5, characterized by the following characteristics
 a) the chambers (118.1 and 118; 2) are made substantially tubular and interconnected by means of a connecting rib (120);
 b) when the shutter (106) is locked, the mandrel (110) of the straight-stroke shutter (106) plunges entirely into the chamber (118.1) of the magazine (116) which is in the firing position;
 c) a sleeve-shaped outer body (108) of the rectilinear stroke shutter (106) partially covers the chamber (118.1), being in the firing position, of the magazine (116) when the shutter is locked (106 ).
 7. shutter and loading system (100) according to claim 6, characterized in that in the mandrel (110) of the straight stroke shutter (106) is provided a central bore (112) in which is disposed a axially movable ignition needle (114).
 8. sealing and loading system (100) according to claim 5, characterized in that an erosion insert (126) ensuring an axial / radial seal is provided in a recess (124) located on the bottom of the tube d weapon (104).
 9. obturation and loading system (100) according to claim 5, characterized in that the weapon tube (104) is mounted axially movable in a weapon casing (102) and performs a tube stroke (128 ) at the start of the firing cycle and covers the chamber (118.1), being in the firing position, from the magazine (116), up to the connecting rib (120).
 10. Sealing and loading system (100) according to any of claims 5 to 9, characterized in that the shutter with rectilinear stroke (106) is a shutter with a rotary head.
 11. sealing and loading system (100) according to any one of claims 5 to 10, characterized in that the charger (116) is a cursor charger.
FR9015335A 1990-03-09 1990-12-07 Telescopic cartridge and shutter / loading system for an automatic tube weapon. Expired - Fee Related FR2659432B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19904007544 DE4007544C2 (en) 1990-03-09 1990-03-09 Telescopic cartridge

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
FR2659432A1 true FR2659432A1 (en) 1991-09-13
FR2659432B1 FR2659432B1 (en) 1994-12-09

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
FR9015335A Expired - Fee Related FR2659432B1 (en) 1990-03-09 1990-12-07 Telescopic cartridge and shutter / loading system for an automatic tube weapon.

Country Status (2)

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DE (1) DE4042565C2 (en)
FR (1) FR2659432B1 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102009024710A1 (en) * 2009-06-12 2010-12-23 Rheinmetall Waffe Munition Gmbh Shellless ammunition

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3439635A (en) * 1967-12-28 1969-04-22 Hercules Inc Caseless ammunition with the primer operatively supported to the aft end of the projectile
US3575112A (en) * 1968-09-30 1971-04-13 Hercules Inc Segmented propellant charge for telescoped caseless ammunition
US3718089A (en) * 1970-03-23 1973-02-27 Us Army Caseless,linkless,telescoped ammunition
USH61H (en) * 1985-05-31 1986-05-06 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Self supporting cartridge and weapon system therefor

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3680242A (en) * 1970-07-24 1972-08-01 Us Army Rammer and extractor assembly for telescopic rounds
DE2555104A1 (en) * 1975-12-08 1977-06-16 Odenberg Friedrich W Caseless ammunition for automatic firearms - has compacted propellant charge with embedded bullet held in magazine

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3439635A (en) * 1967-12-28 1969-04-22 Hercules Inc Caseless ammunition with the primer operatively supported to the aft end of the projectile
US3575112A (en) * 1968-09-30 1971-04-13 Hercules Inc Segmented propellant charge for telescoped caseless ammunition
US3718089A (en) * 1970-03-23 1973-02-27 Us Army Caseless,linkless,telescoped ammunition
USH61H (en) * 1985-05-31 1986-05-06 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Self supporting cartridge and weapon system therefor

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE4042565C2 (en) 1996-02-08
FR2659432B1 (en) 1994-12-09

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