FR2653042A1 - Low [extra-low] mobile sorter with agitator table and screw brush for sorting field peas and cereals - Google Patents

Low [extra-low] mobile sorter with agitator table and screw brush for sorting field peas and cereals Download PDF

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Publication number
FR2653042A1
FR2653042A1 FR8913727A FR8913727A FR2653042A1 FR 2653042 A1 FR2653042 A1 FR 2653042A1 FR 8913727 A FR8913727 A FR 8913727A FR 8913727 A FR8913727 A FR 8913727A FR 2653042 A1 FR2653042 A1 FR 2653042A1
Authority
FR
France
Prior art keywords
low
grain
grid
grating
screw brush
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
FR8913727A
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Corberon Rene
Original Assignee
Corberon Rene
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Corberon Rene filed Critical Corberon Rene
Priority to FR8913727A priority Critical patent/FR2653042A1/en
Priority claimed from FR9010803A external-priority patent/FR2666252A2/en
Publication of FR2653042A1 publication Critical patent/FR2653042A1/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPERATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, OR SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; OTHER SEPARATING BY DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • B07B1/4609Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens constructional details of screening surfaces or meshes
    • B07B1/469Perforated sheet-like material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPERATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, OR SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; OTHER SEPARATING BY DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/18Drum screens
    • B07B1/20Stationary drums with moving interior agitators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPERATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, OR SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; OTHER SEPARATING BY DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B9/00Combinations of apparatus for screening or sifting or for separating solids from solids using gas currents; General arrangement of plant, e.g. flow sheets

Abstract

The invention relates to a low [extra-low] mobile sorter provided with a laterally agitated grating whose purpose is firstly to eliminate foreign bodies, the grain then falling through a fixed grating in the form of a semi-circular trough (which is interchangeable). In the interior, an approximately 250-mm screw brush rotating at approximately 60 rpm forcibly moves the grain across the whole surface of the grating until it emerges, thus effecting a soft sorting. It consists of a first laterally agitated large-holed grating (1) with baffles (2), driven by the rod (3) and pulley (4) from the screw brush (7) whose reinforced nylon bristles are arranged in a helix inside the semicircular trough grating 6 which ensures that earth and broken grain are removed.

Description

La présente invention concerne un trieur mobile conçu principalement pour calibrer les semences de pois fourragers à la ferme, en éliminant les corps étrangers ( cailloux, etc... ) d'une part et la terre et les pois cassés d'autre part. The present invention relates to a mobile sorter designed mainly for calibrating the seeds of fodder peas on the farm, by removing foreign bodies (stones, etc.) on the one hand and the earth and split peas on the other hand.

Dans les trieurs classiques, la trémie de réception étant situé à plus de 2 mètres du sol, on devrait utiliser un élévateur à godets pour élever le grain. In conventional sorters, the receiving hopper being located more than 2 meters from the ground, a bucket elevator should be used to raise the grain.

Dans l'invention, l'objectif recherché étant de concevoir un matériel simple et relativement économique, dont la trémie de réception soit à la hauteur d'une goulotte arrière de benne1 le problème a pu être résolu par l'utilisation d'une simple table de secouage et d'une brosse vis. In the invention, the objective sought being to design a simple and relatively economical material, the receiving hopper of which is at the height of a rear hopper chute1 the problem could be resolved by the use of a simple table shaking and screw brush.

Les pois fourragers tombent dans une trémie avec grille à secouage latéral permettant d'éliminer les fanes et surtout les cailloux qui sortent en façade à l'extérieur. Cette table de secouage est munie de chicannes pour ralentir la descente du grain. The feed peas fall into a hopper with side-shaking grid which eliminates the tops and especially the pebbles which come out on the outside. This shaking table is fitted with chicannes to slow down the descent of the grain.

Les grains ou les pois tombent alors dans une grille auget semi circulaire fixe, caractérisée par le fait qu'une brosse vis d'un diamètre de 250 mm environ tourne à l'intérieur à 60 tours minute environ. La brosse vis contraint en douceur le grain à monter, les pois cassés tombent alors à travers la grille, le parcours de 2 mètres étant suffisant pour éliminer la totalité des grains cassés. The grains or peas then fall into a fixed semi-circular trough grid, characterized in that a screw brush with a diameter of approximately 250 mm rotates inside at approximately 60 revolutions per minute. The screw brush gently constrains the grain to go up, the split peas then fall through the grid, the 2-meter path being sufficient to remove all of the broken grains.

L'invention sera mieux comprise à la lecture de la description suivante qui représente schématiquement un exemple de réaIisation. The invention will be better understood on reading the following description which schematically represents an example of realization.

La figure lrep:nésente en perspective cavalière le dispositif selon l'invention. Figure lrep: shows in perspective the device according to the invention.

La figure 2 représente une vue schématique latérale. Figure 2 shows a schematic side view.

La figure 3 nous montre une vue en coupe de la brosse vis et de son support. Figure 3 shows a sectional view of the screw brush and its support.

La figure 4 montre une vue en plan de la grille de secouage avec ses chicanes. Celle ci permet d'éliminer les corps étrangers : cailloux,épis... Figure 4 shows a plan view of the shaking grid with its baffles. This allows to remove foreign bodies: stones, ears of corn ...

Se reportant à la figure 2,en suivant le cheminement du grain, on remarquera la grille 1 et ses chicanes 2. Cette grille, suspendue latéralement par des bandes caoutchoutées est animée d'un mouvement de va et vient par la bielle 3, l'élément moteur étant obtenu par surmultiplication de la vites de rotation de la brosse vis transmis par la poulie à gorge 4. Les cailloux et corps étrangers sont éliminés et passent par le conduit 5 et tombent à l'extérieur en façade dans un éventuel récipient.  Referring to Figure 2, following the path of the grain, we will notice the grid 1 and its baffles 2. This grid, suspended laterally by rubber bands is moved back and forth by the connecting rod 3, the motor element being obtained by overdrive of the speed of rotation of the screw brush transmitted by the grooved pulley 4. Pebbles and foreign bodies are eliminated and pass through conduit 5 and fall outside on the front in a possible container.

Le bon grain et le cassé tombent alors dans la grille à auget semi circulaire 6,la brosse vis 7 à poils de nylon résistants alignés sur plusieurs rangées en spires autour du tube central permet au grain de parcourir en montant toute la surface utile de la grille auget semi sirculaire éliminant ainsi le grain cassé. La brosse vis, d'un diamétre de 250mm environ est entrainée à 60 tours minute environ par l'électro réducteur 8. Le petit grain et le cassé tombent alors dans la goulotte 9 et sont déversés par terre ou mieux dans un récipient. A noter que la vis est soutenue par un chassis, les 2 longerons 10 sont suspendus par des pieds réglables en hauteur 11 et 12 selon le besoin. Le trieur est mobile, donc pourvu de 2 roues, surbaissable pour son approvisionnement à partir d'une trappe arrière de benne agraire. The good grain and the broken one then fall into the semi-circular trough grid 6, the screw brush 7 with resistant nylon bristles aligned in several rows in turns around the central tube allows the grain to travel up the entire useful surface of the grid semi-circular trough thus eliminating the broken grain. The screw brush, with a diameter of approximately 250mm, is driven at approximately 60 revolutions per minute by the electro-reducer 8. The small grain and the broken part then fall into the chute 9 and are poured on the ground or better in a container. Note that the screw is supported by a frame, the 2 side members 10 are suspended by feet adjustable in height 11 and 12 as required. The sorter is mobile, therefore provided with 2 wheels, can be lowered for its supply from a rear hatch of an agricultural bucket.

La figure 3 nous permet de remarquer des détails intéressants, principalement la position de la grille 6. En tournant dans le sens de la flèche, la brosse vis oblige le grain à monter du coté droit, pour obtenir un rendement optimum, il est indispensable que la brosse prolonge son action jusqutau Eou.  Figure 3 allows us to notice interesting details, mainly the position of the grid 6. By turning in the direction of the arrow, the screw brush forces the grain to go up on the right side, to obtain an optimum yield, it is essential that the brush extends its action until Eou.

Cette grille est amovible, elle peut se séparer de ses supports 10 en vue de son interchangabilité permettant de trier également des céréales ou autres graines. Le léger frottement de la brosse sur les parois de la grille permettra d'éviter le coincement des grains dans les trous oblongs ou ronds. This grid is removable, it can separate from its supports 10 for its interchangeability to also sort cereals or other seeds. The slight friction of the brush on the walls of the grid will prevent the grains from jamming in the oblong or round holes.


2
La figure 4 nous montre les chicanes qui permettent de ralentir la des- cente du grain à trier et de parfaire le triage. Les corps etzngers étant évacués par le conduit 5*
A noter que ce trieur peut être équipé en option d'un ventilateur adatable qui sera positionné à l'arrière de la trémie de réception, permettant ainsi un nettoyage supplémentairewpendant que le grain change de niveau.

2
Figure 4 shows us the baffles which make it possible to slow down the descent of the grain to be sorted and to perfect the sorting. The etzngers bodies being evacuated by the 5 * conduit
Note that this sorter can optionally be fitted with an adatable fan which will be positioned at the rear of the receiving hopper, thus allowing additional cleaning while the grain changes level.

Claims (4)

iREVENDICATIONSiREVENDICATIONS
1 - Trieur mobile pour le calibrage des pois fourragers et céréales caractérisé en ce qu'il comporte une brosse vis (7) tourant dans une grille fixe semi circulaire interchangeable à trous ronds ou oblongs (6), cette brosse vis ayant pour action d'éliminer les grains cassés par déplacement forcé du grain sur tout le parcours de la grille auget.1 - Mobile sorter for the calibration of feed peas and cereals characterized in that it comprises a screw brush (7) rotating in a fixed semi-circular interchangeable grid with round or oblong holes (6), this screw brush having the action of remove broken grains by forced displacement of the grain along the entire length of the scoop.
2 - Dispositif selon revendication 1 caractérisé en ce que le grain, avant de tomber sur la grille semi circulaire qui élimine le cassé, subit un premier nettoyage ayant pour but de trier les corps étrangers plus gros. La surmultiplication de la vitesse de est transmise par la poulie (4) en bout d'arbre de vis, le mouvement de va et vient latéral étant assuré par la bielle (3), un seul motoréducteur assumant les 2 fonctions. A noter que la grille supérieure est munie de chicanes(2).2 - Device according to claim 1 characterized in that the grain, before falling on the semi-circular grid which eliminates the broken, undergoes a first cleaning with the aim of sorting the larger foreign bodies. The overdrive of the speed is transmitted by the pulley (4) at the end of the screw shaft, the back and forth movement being ensured by the connecting rod (3), a single geared motor assuming the 2 functions. Note that the upper grid is provided with baffles (2).
3 - Dispositif selon revendications 1 et 2 caractérisé en ce que le cassé est recueilli par la goulotte (9). 3 - Device according to claims 1 and 2 characterized in that the broken is collected by the chute (9).
4 - Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que l'appareil est réglable en hauteur, et peut être surbaissé pour son approvisionnement à partir de la trappe arrière d'une benne agraire basculante. Le déplacement étant assuré par 2 roues sous le support central. 4 - Device according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the device is adjustable in height, and can be lowered for its supply from the rear hatch of a tipping agricultural bucket. The movement is ensured by 2 wheels under the central support.
FR8913727A 1989-10-18 1989-10-18 Low [extra-low] mobile sorter with agitator table and screw brush for sorting field peas and cereals Pending FR2653042A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR8913727A FR2653042A1 (en) 1989-10-18 1989-10-18 Low [extra-low] mobile sorter with agitator table and screw brush for sorting field peas and cereals

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR8913727A FR2653042A1 (en) 1989-10-18 1989-10-18 Low [extra-low] mobile sorter with agitator table and screw brush for sorting field peas and cereals
FR9010803A FR2666252A2 (en) 1989-10-18 1990-08-28 Low mobile grain-cleaning machine with a vibrating table and screw brush for sizing (sorting) fodder peas and cereals

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
FR2653042A1 true FR2653042A1 (en) 1991-04-19

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FR8913727A Pending FR2653042A1 (en) 1989-10-18 1989-10-18 Low [extra-low] mobile sorter with agitator table and screw brush for sorting field peas and cereals

Country Status (1)

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FR (1) FR2653042A1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0815957A1 (en) * 1996-06-25 1998-01-07 Rudolf Schinke Sieving device for sieving powdery material
CN107790384A (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-03-13 刘城 A kind of road construction sand screening plant
CN108672254A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-10-19 和县金城米业有限责任公司 A kind of rice processing conveying device with good mobile flexibility

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE258837C (en) *
FR426199A (en) * 1910-09-20 1911-06-29 Samuel Brassington Bamford bluterie
US3394808A (en) * 1966-01-03 1968-07-30 Andy L. Thompson Apparatus for separating granular materials
US3823819A (en) * 1972-10-17 1974-07-16 E Bakke Combined harvester, grain auger and cleaner
FR2527946A1 (en) * 1982-06-02 1983-12-09 Commissariat Energie Atomique Solids separation apparatus esp. for nuclear fuel pellets - employs archimedean screw in perforated barrel to separate granules by size
US4839035A (en) * 1988-02-25 1989-06-13 Iafrate John A Cylindrical screen separator with spirally arranged clearing and conveying blades

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE258837C (en) *
FR426199A (en) * 1910-09-20 1911-06-29 Samuel Brassington Bamford bluterie
US3394808A (en) * 1966-01-03 1968-07-30 Andy L. Thompson Apparatus for separating granular materials
US3823819A (en) * 1972-10-17 1974-07-16 E Bakke Combined harvester, grain auger and cleaner
FR2527946A1 (en) * 1982-06-02 1983-12-09 Commissariat Energie Atomique Solids separation apparatus esp. for nuclear fuel pellets - employs archimedean screw in perforated barrel to separate granules by size
US4839035A (en) * 1988-02-25 1989-06-13 Iafrate John A Cylindrical screen separator with spirally arranged clearing and conveying blades

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0815957A1 (en) * 1996-06-25 1998-01-07 Rudolf Schinke Sieving device for sieving powdery material
CN107790384A (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-03-13 刘城 A kind of road construction sand screening plant
CN108672254A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-10-19 和县金城米业有限责任公司 A kind of rice processing conveying device with good mobile flexibility

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