FR2619147A1 - Spherical earthquake-resistant shelter - Google Patents

Spherical earthquake-resistant shelter Download PDF

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Publication number
FR2619147A1
FR2619147A1 FR8711341A FR8711341A FR2619147A1 FR 2619147 A1 FR2619147 A1 FR 2619147A1 FR 8711341 A FR8711341 A FR 8711341A FR 8711341 A FR8711341 A FR 8711341A FR 2619147 A1 FR2619147 A1 FR 2619147A1
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FR
France
Prior art keywords
shelter
earthquake
building
concrete
spherical
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
FR8711341A
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French (fr)
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FR2619147B1 (en
Original Assignee
Thiery Gerard
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Thiery Gerard filed Critical Thiery Gerard
Priority to FR8711341A priority Critical patent/FR2619147B1/en
Priority claimed from FR8714077A external-priority patent/FR2621636B2/en
Publication of FR2619147A1 publication Critical patent/FR2619147A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of FR2619147B1 publication Critical patent/FR2619147B1/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground

Abstract

Comprising a reinforced-concrete sphere 10 to 20 cm thick of a diameter from 1.50 m to 1.80 m provided with an access door (manhole) and several observation portholes. The shelter is intended to hold 4 or 5 adults occupying the apartment in which it is installed.

Description

La présente invention concerne un abri de forme sphérique destiné à protéger les occupants des appartements et des bureaux d'un immeuble en cas de séisme. The present invention relates to a spherical shelter intended to protect the occupants of apartments and offices of a building in the event of an earthquake.
Cette sphère, dont le diamètre intérieur sera approximativement de 1 m 50 à 1 m 80, comprendra une armature de cercles en acier, les uns verticaux, les autres horizontaux à la façon des méridiens et des parallèles du globe terrestre. This sphere, whose internal diameter will be approximately 1.50 to 1.80 m, will include a frame of steel circles, some vertical, others horizontal like the meridians and parallels of the terrestrial globe.
Cette armature formera, en sorte, deux sphères l'une dans l'autre leur différence de diamètre représentant un peu moins que ltépaisseur de la sphère, constituée en béton coulé. This reinforcement will form, in a way, two spheres one inside the other their difference in diameter representing a little less than the thickness of the sphere, made of poured concrete.
Les cercles d'acier seront assemblés dans l'appartement de l'immeuble, lieu de destination de celle-ci, de même que chaque pièce servant à constituer les coffrages destinés à recevoir le béton coule. The steel circles will be assembled in the apartment of the building, its destination, as well as each part used to form the formwork intended to receive the poured concrete.
Ces coffrages, installés sur place, seront remplis avec du béton coulé depuis la base de l'immeuble et insufflé par conduit, sous air comprimé, jusqu a eux. These forms, installed on site, will be filled with concrete poured from the base of the building and blown by conduit, under compressed air, to them.
I1 est très important d'éviter un transport quelconque de cette sphère ; donc nécessité de la construire sur son lieu d'utilisation. It is very important to avoid any transport of this sphere; therefore need to build it at its place of use.
Les coffrages, constitués au préalable, seront faits de telle façon que la porte d'accès (ou trou dthomme) et deux ou trois hublots soient prévus à l'avance. The forms, previously formed, will be made in such a way that the access door (or manhole) and two or three portholes are provided in advance.
Celle-ci et ceux-là seront des cônes tronqués à chaque extrémité, également en béton ou en un matériau moins lourd, et résistant. These and these will be truncated cones at each end, also made of concrete or a lighter, resistant material.
Cette forme en cône tronqué permet de supprimer les charnières et, dans cet usage a l'avantage de se coincer sous une pression extérieure à la sphère (il est entendu que le gros bout du cône se trouve à l'extérieur et permet d'être évacué sous une pression intérieure à celle-ci. This truncated cone shape eliminates the hinges and, in this use has the advantage of being trapped under pressure outside the sphere (it is understood that the large end of the cone is outside and allows to be evacuated under internal pressure thereto.
Porte et hublots seront munis à l'extérieur d'un anneau ou poignée qui servira, éventuellement, à ouvrir de l'extérieur par les sauveteurs en cas de coinçage qui rend impossible l'ouverture de l'intérieur. Door and portholes will be provided on the outside with a ring or handle which will be used, if necessary, to open from the outside by the rescuers in case of wedging which makes it impossible to open from the inside.
L'épaisseur dè la sphère sera variable et dépendra d'études ultérieures sur la résistance de celle-ci aux pressions qu'elle devra subir. The thickness of the sphere will be variable and will depend on further studies on its resistance to the pressures it will have to undergo.
Dans celle-ci se trouvera un banc muni d'un dossier, repose-pied et appui-tête, un équipement de ceintures de sécurité et de ballons gonflables au moment de l'utilisation pour protéger les occupants contre l'éventualité d'un choc. In it will be a bench with a backrest, footrest and headrest, an equipment of seat belts and inflatable balloons at the time of use to protect the occupants against the possibility of an impact .
Cette sphère, même se trouvant au dixième étage d'un immeuble, descendra jusqu'au niveau des décombres de l'immeuble écroulé sans secousses importantes et devra résister aux poids des décombres, lequel poids est généralement très réparti. Une étude à ce sujet sera faite ultérieurement,
L'équipement intérieur comprendra un appareil de radio-émetteur (pour la signaler aux sauveteurs dépêchés sur les lieux). Les sauveteurs pourront intervenir avec moins de précautions qui retardent le sauvetage, les occupants étant protégés contre les engins de déblaiement.
This sphere, even on the tenth floor of a building, will descend to the level of the rubble of the collapsed building without significant shaking and will have to resist the weight of the rubble, which weight is generally very distributed. A study on this subject will be made later,
The interior equipment will include a radio transmitter (to notify the rescuers dispatched to the scene). Rescuers will be able to intervene with less precautions which delay the rescue, the occupants being protected against the excavation machines.
L'équipement comprendra des masques à oxygène nécessaires éventuellement à une respiration artificielle d'une heure par personnes. The equipment will include oxygen masks, possibly necessary for one hour of artificial respiration per person.
Cette sphère pourra abriter quatre ou cinq personnes adultes. This sphere can house four or five adults.
Le nom de cette invention sera "Wille-abriS antisismique".  The name of this invention will be "Earthquake Safe Shelters".

Claims (3)

  1. Revendications Claims
    1 - Abri destiné à protéger ses occupants dans chaque appartement ou bureau d'un immeuble détruit par un tremblement de terre, caractérisé en ce que de forme sphérique, composé de deux sphères, l'une dans l'autre, entre lesquelles est coulé le béton FIG. 4. 1 - Shelter intended to protect its occupants in each apartment or office of a building destroyed by an earthquake, characterized in that of spherical shape, composed of two spheres, one inside the other, between which the concrete FIG. 4.
  2. 2 - Abri selon la revendication 1 caractérisé en ce que son exécution est réalisée, sur place, le béton étant coulé et insufflé par conduit à air comprimé depuis la base de l'immeuble, évitant tout transport.2 - Shelter according to claim 1 characterized in that its execution is carried out on site, the concrete being poured and blown by compressed air duct from the base of the building, avoiding any transport.
  3. 3 - Abri selon la revendication i ou 2 caractérisé en ce que la porte et les hublots FIG. 2 (3-4) ont une forme de tronc de cône, évitant des charnières ou système de fermeture. La surface supérieure de ces troncs de cône étant à l'extérieur de l'abri FIG 2 (3-4). I1 en résulte qu'une pression exercée de l'extérieur provoque le coinçage. L'évacuation se produisant par une pression intérieure. 3 - Shelter according to claim i or 2 characterized in that the door and portholes FIG. 2 (3-4) have a truncated cone shape, avoiding hinges or closing system. The upper surface of these truncated cones being outside the shelter FIG 2 (3-4). As a result, pressure exerted from the outside causes jamming. Evacuation occurs by internal pressure.
FR8711341A 1987-08-07 1987-08-07 Spherical shield Expired FR2619147B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR8711341A FR2619147B1 (en) 1987-08-07 1987-08-07 Spherical shield

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR8711341A FR2619147B1 (en) 1987-08-07 1987-08-07 Spherical shield
FR8714077A FR2621636B2 (en) 1987-08-07 1987-10-07 Spherical shield

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
FR2619147A1 true FR2619147A1 (en) 1989-10-06
FR2619147B1 FR2619147B1 (en) 1989-12-22

Family

ID=9354050

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
FR8711341A Expired FR2619147B1 (en) 1987-08-07 1987-08-07 Spherical shield

Country Status (1)

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FR (1) FR2619147B1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2001053632A1 (en) * 2000-01-21 2001-07-26 Mohe Ramesh Rescue capsule for free standing installation inside a building
CN110093992A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-08-06 杨瑜东 A kind of building structure and its construction method with function of seismic resistance

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2166577A (en) * 1937-10-06 1939-07-18 Beckius Antoine Building suitable for countries liable to earthquakes
US3916578A (en) * 1971-05-24 1975-11-04 Iradj Forootan Earthquake-proof building structure
FR2382562A1 (en) * 1977-03-04 1978-09-29 Cazet Bernard Reinforced earthquake resistant building - consists of one piece shell independent of supports, framework evenly distributing stresses
US4660334A (en) * 1985-10-02 1987-04-28 Mccarthy Walton W Theta blast cell

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2166577A (en) * 1937-10-06 1939-07-18 Beckius Antoine Building suitable for countries liable to earthquakes
US3916578A (en) * 1971-05-24 1975-11-04 Iradj Forootan Earthquake-proof building structure
FR2382562A1 (en) * 1977-03-04 1978-09-29 Cazet Bernard Reinforced earthquake resistant building - consists of one piece shell independent of supports, framework evenly distributing stresses
US4660334A (en) * 1985-10-02 1987-04-28 Mccarthy Walton W Theta blast cell

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2001053632A1 (en) * 2000-01-21 2001-07-26 Mohe Ramesh Rescue capsule for free standing installation inside a building
CN110093992A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-08-06 杨瑜东 A kind of building structure and its construction method with function of seismic resistance

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR2619147B1 (en) 1989-12-22

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