FI123901B - Energy-efficient wall or ceiling construction with panel construction and use of elastic sealing material - Google Patents

Energy-efficient wall or ceiling construction with panel construction and use of elastic sealing material Download PDF

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Publication number
FI123901B
FI123901B FI20125602A FI20125602A FI123901B FI 123901 B FI123901 B FI 123901B FI 20125602 A FI20125602 A FI 20125602A FI 20125602 A FI20125602 A FI 20125602A FI 123901 B FI123901 B FI 123901B
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FI
Finland
Prior art keywords
panel
side edge
building
characterized
building panel
Prior art date
Application number
FI20125602A
Other languages
Finnish (fi)
Swedish (sv)
Other versions
FI20125602A (en
Inventor
Pasi Turpeenniemi
Risto Sipilae
Original Assignee
Rautaruukki Oyj
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Priority to FI20125602 priority Critical
Priority to FI20125602A priority patent/FI123901B/en
Publication of FI20125602A publication Critical patent/FI20125602A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of FI123901B publication Critical patent/FI123901B/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H5/00Buildings or groups of buildings for industrial or agricultural purposes
    • E04H5/10Buildings forming part of cooling plants
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/66Sealings
    • E04B1/68Sealings of joints, e.g. expansion joints
    • E04B1/6812Compressable seals of solid form
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/292Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and sheet metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/35Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation
    • E04D3/351Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation at least one of the layers being composed of insulating material, e.g. fibre or foam material
    • E04D3/352Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation at least one of the layers being composed of insulating material, e.g. fibre or foam material at least one insulating layer being located between non-insulating layers, e.g. double skin slabs or sheets
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/36Connecting; Fastening
    • E04D3/366Connecting; Fastening by closing the space between the slabs or sheets by gutters, bulges, or bridging elements, e.g. strips
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/38Devices for sealing spaces or joints between roof-covering elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/66Sealings
    • E04B1/68Sealings of joints, e.g. expansion joints
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/78Heat insulating elements
    • E04B1/80Heat insulating elements slab-shaped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2481Details of wall panels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B2001/7691Heat reflecting layers or coatings

Abstract

The present invention relates to a wall or roof structure and building panels (2). The wall structure comprises support pillars (10) and building panels (2) comprising a first surface sheet (4) and a second surface sheet (6) and an insulation material layer (8) between surface sheets (4, 6). The building panels (2) are secured to the support pillars (10) such that the second surface sheet (4) is arranged against a support pillar (10) for providing a support joint. The support joint is provided with an elastic support joint sealing (16) arranged between the support pillar (10) and the second surface sheet (4) for providing airtight sealing, and that at least one of the first and second surface sheets (4, 6) is provided with restricted thermal expansion for maintaining the airtight sealing by decreasing mechanical stress subjected to the elastic support joint sealing (16) due to thermal expansion.

Description

Energy efficient wall or roof structure and building panel and

USE OF ELASTIC SEALING MATERIAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to wall or roof structure and more par-5 ticularly to a substantially airtight wall or roof structure according to the preamble of claim 1. The present invention further relates to a building panel and more particularly to an energy efficient building panel according to the preamble of claim 13. The present invention also relates to use of elastic sealing material according to claims 21 and 22.

10 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Insulated building panels, having two oppositely positioned thin metal sheets forming the side faces of the panel and a central core insulating material provided between the metal sheets, are commonly used for constructing wall and roof structures. These kind of insulated panels are usually joined 15 together from side edges with interlock, tongue-and-groove or butment joints. These joints have usually one, two or possibly more respectively interlocking female and male connector elements. Accordingly the male connector elements extend along the first side edge of the panel, preferably along the entire length of the first side edge, and female side edge connector elements extend 20 along the second side edge of panel, preferably along the entire length of the second side edge. Each panel is therefore configured to be joined with a like adjacent second panel along the side edges such that the male connector elements on the first side edge of a panel interlock with the female connector elements on the second side edge of a like adjacent second panel.

” 25 The wall or roof structure further comprises pillars or the like to o ™ which the building panels are secured. Usually the building panels are secured Y to the pillars such that the building panel extends substantially between two pillars and is secured to the pillars in the vicinity of the end edges. Two hori-^ zontally adjacent building panels, having end edges arranged opposite to each

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30 other, are secured to a common pillar such that a gap is provided between the C\l § building panels. One of the surface sheets of the building panels is placed m c\j against the pillar for providing a support joint between the pillar and the build- ° ing panel. The gap between the horizontally adjacent building panels is filled with polyurethane foam or mineral wool or some other sealing material for 35 sealing the gap between the building panels.

2

Prior art building panels and wall or roof structures are disclosed for example in documents US 2009260311 A1, US 3530633 A, EP 1426518 A1, GB 2376963 A, US 2002184830 A1 and US 2008184632 A1.

One of the problems with the prior art wall and roof structures is that 5 prior art wall and roof structures as well as building panels are unable to provide an airtight wall or roof structure or building panel and especially an airtight wall or roof structure or joint between building panels which remains substantially airtight long times in varying conditions. The prior art wall or roof structures and also building panels and joints between building panels are not 10 formed airtight and especially they are exposed to deterioration which will further weaken the sealing properties. Sealing of the wall or roof structures and the joints between the adjacent building panels is important for providing energy efficient buildings and also safe structures which may prevent hazardous gases from spreading in a case of fire.

15 The sealing of the prior art wall and roof structures as well joints be tween adjacent building panels may be deteriorated due to thermal expansion of the surface sheets of the building panels as the temperature conditions and thermal radiation varies during seasons and day times. The building panels tend to bend due to thermal expansion as they are secured to the support pil-20 lars and the joints between the building panels deform. The bending and deformation causes the joints between the building panels and the support open, spread or break and form flaws such that gases may freely flow through the wall or roof structures or joint between the adjacent building panels. Therefore the energy efficiency is deteriorated.

25 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION ^ An object of the present invention to provide a wall or roof structure ™ and building panel so as to overcome or at least alleviate the above disad- V vantages. The objects of the invention are achieved with a wall or roof struc- ^ ture according to the characterizing portion of claim 1. The objects of the in- | 30 vention are further achieved with a building panel according to the characteriz- ing portion of claim 13.

§ The preferred embodiments of the invention are disclosed in the de- pendent claims, o ^ The invention is based on the idea of providing a wall or roof struc- 35 ture comprising support pillars and two or more building panels comprising a first surface sheet and a second surface sheet and an insulation material layer 3 between the first and second surface sheets, the building panels further comprising first and second end edges, and first and second side edges provided with connection means for joining building panels together along the first and second side edges. The building panels are secured to the support pillars such 5 that the second surface sheet is arranged against a support pillar for providing a support joint between the building panel and the second surface sheet extending along the support pillar. According to the present invention the support joint is provided with an elastic support joint sealing arranged between the support pillar and the second surface sheet for providing substantially airtight 10 sealing. In the present invention the at least one of the first and second surface sheets is further provided with restricted thermal expansion for maintaining the airtight sealing by decreasing mechanical stress subjected to the elastic support joint sealing due to thermal expansion.

The invention is further based on the idea of providing an energy ef-15 ficient building panel comprising a first surface sheet and a second surface sheet forming first and second side surfaces, an insulation material layer between the first and second surface sheets, first and second end edges and first and second side edges. The first and second side edges are provided with first and second male side edge connectors extending longitudinally on the first 20 side edge and first and second female side edge connectors extending longitudinally on the second side edge, the male side edge connectors and female side edge connectors being arranged to be respectively joined with female and male side edge connectors of a like adjacently positioned other building panel for interlocking the building panels together. According to the present invention 25 the building panel further comprises elastic panel seals arranged into and ex-tending along both the first and second female side edge connectors for 5 providing substantially airtight sealing between the building panels along the

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joined side edges. In the present invention the at least one of the first and sec- T ond surface sheets is provided with restricted thermal expansion for retaining 30 the panel seals in the first and second female side edge connectors by de- | creasing deformations of the female and male side edge connectors due to c\j thermal expansion, o

The present invention provides a substantially airtight wall or roof ^ structure which may maintain the substantially airtight sealing in long-term irre- 00 35 spective of the temperature and thermal radiation variations. The elastic seal ing material in the support joint and also in the female side edge connectors 4 stands deformations and it also itself has airtight properties such that the sealing material may be substantially gas impermeable. The airtight sealing of the wall or roof structure is further provided by providing at least one of the first and second surface sheets of the building panel with restricted thermal expan-5 sion. This means that the thermal expansion of the surface sheet is decreased or restricted such that the bending of the building element is diminished and also the deformations of the male and side edge connectors are diminished. Accordingly the present invention is based on the cooperation of the elastic sealing material and the restricted thermal expansion of the surface sheet. The 10 decreased thermal expansion of the building panel reduces the opening, spreading or breaking and forming of flaws in the support joints and the panel joints. Because the thermal expansion and deformation is reduced, the elastic sealing material may stand the mechanical stresses subjected to it due to thermal expansion as the elastic sealing material may stretch and adapt to re-15 duced thermal expansion without opening, breaking or forming flaws. Therefore, the wall or roof structure and building panel of the present invention enables long-term substantially airtight sealing.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the following the invention will be described in greater detail by 20 means of preferred embodiments with reference to the attached [accompanying] drawings, in which

Figures 1A and 1B show schematic views of a building panel;

Figure 2 shows schematically a prior art wall structure;

Figure 3 shows schematically one embodiment of a wall structure 25 according to the present invention; ^ Figure 4 shows schematically another embodiment of a wall struc- ^ ture according to the present invention; V Figure 5 shows schematically one embodiment of a support joint of ^ a wall structure according to the present invention; and ir 30 Figure 6 shows schematically one embodiment of a side edge of a building panel according to the present invention, o

K DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

S Figures 1A and 1B show schematically side and end views, respec tively, of a building panel or sandwich element 2. The building panel 2 com-35 prise first and second oppositely positioned first and second surface sheets 4, 5 6 forming first and second side faces of the building panel. The surface sheets 4, 6 may be formed made of relatively thin metal sheets. The first surface sheet forms the inner surface of the building panel 2 and the second surface sheet 6 forms the outer surface of the building panel 2. Between the first and 5 second surface sheets 4, 6 is provided a central core insulating material 8, or an insulation material layer 8, that may be attached to the surface sheets 4, 8 for example by gluing or some other way. The insulating material 8 may be any possible material that provides sufficient insulation and structural rigidity for the building panel 2. The building panel 2 comprises also first and second side 10 edges 9, 11, which are provided with male and female side edge connectors, respectively, for joining or interlocking adjacent building panels 2 together along the side edges 9, 11. The building panel 2 further comprises first and second end edge 3, 5. The end edges are normally cut edges having substantially planar end surface. However, in some embodiments the end edges may 15 also be provided with male and female side edge connectors of the same type as the first and second side edges, if desired. Usually the side edges 9,11 are longer than the end edges 3, 5. In this context building panels 2 joined together along the side edges 9, 11 are generally said to be vertically adjacent building panels 2, even if that is not the case in all roof structures or some wall 20 structure. Likewise building panels joined together along the end edges is said to be horizontally adjacent.

Figure 2 shows schematically a prior art wall structure comprising support pillars 10 and two or more building panels 2 secured to the support pillars 10 for forming the wall structure. The support pillars 10 may be any kind 25 of longitudinal supports. For example the support pillars 10 may be steel pillars having closed profile, C-profile or l-profile or some other kind of profile. Alterna-5 tive the support pillars 10 may be made of some other material such as wood.

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^ In a wall structure the support pillars 10 may extend substantially vertically.

t However, in some embodiments the support pillars may also extend in an an- ^ 30 gle to the vertical direction and in roof structure the support pillars 10 may ex- | tends even horizontally. It should be noted that the wall or roof structure may c\j also comprise some other support elements (not shown), o

The building panels 2 are secured to the support pillars 10 such that £ the building panels 2 extend between two support pillars 10. The building pan- 00 35 els 2 are secured to the support pillars 10 from the end edges 3, 5 or in the vicinity of the end edges 3, 5. As shown in figure 2, the horizontally adjacent 6 building panels 2 may be secured to a common, or same, support pillar 10 such that the first end face of one building panel 2 is substantially opposite to the second end edge 5 of another building panel 2. The building panels 2 may further be secured to the support pillars 10 such that the first surface sheet 4 is 5 arranged against a support pillar 10 for providing a support joint between the support pillar 10 and the first surface sheet 4 extending along the support pillar 10. There is gap 15 formed between the end edges 3, 5 of the horizontally adjacent building panels 2. This gap 15 is usually filled with conventional sealing material 12 such as mineral wool or polyurethane.

10 Figure 2 shows a normal situation what happens when the tempera ture variations are high due to thermal radiation for example from the sun. The sun heats the outer second surface sheet 6 causing thermal expansion of the second surface sheet 6. As the building panel 6 is secured to the support pillars 10 the building panel 2 is not allowed to expand freely. Therefore the 15 thermal expansion causes the building panel 2 to bend as shown with the dot ted line 7. The temperature variations of the surface sheets 4, 6 may be significant and thus the thermal expansion causes deformations and displacements to the support joint between the support pillars 10 and the building panels 2 and also to the gap 15 and further to the panel joint of vertically adjacent build-20 ing panels joined along the side edges 9, 11 with the connector elements. The deformations and the displacements cause mechanical stress due to thermal expansion to the support joint, gap 15 and the panel joints to open, spread and break such that the flaws or cracks are formed to the joints and sealing materials through which gasses may flow through the wall or roof structure from one 25 side to the other. The building panel 2 may have a width X for example 6 me ters and the bending of the building panel 2 in Y direction, perpendicularly to

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0 the width direction, may be as much as 6 cm or even more due to thermal ex-

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^ pansion of the outer surface sheet 6.

^ Figure 3 shows one embodiment of a wall or roof structure of the 30 present invention. In this embodiment at least one of the surface sheets 4, 6 of 1 the building panel 2 is provided with restricted or reduced thermal expansion.

oj In this case the outer second surface sheet 6 provided with a reflective outer o <g surface or outer surface coating 14 for reflecting thermal radiation. In other ^ words the second surface sheet 6 is manufactured such that it reflects thermal o 00 35 radiation or it is coated with a reflective coating for reflecting thermal radiation.

The outer surface sheet may be polished or manufactured from a highly reflec- 7 tive material. The reflective coating 14 may be a painting provided with reflective pigments reflecting thermal radiation. In one embodiment the second surface sheet 6 or the reflective coating is arranged to reflect thermal radiation in the infrared region. The reflective coating 14 may be coating having Solar Re-5 flective Index (SRI, ΑΤΜΕ E 1980-1) considerably higher than a conventional coating or surface sheet colour. Thermal radiation in the infrared region or near infrared red region (NIR) at wave lengths 700 - 2500 nm is most significant for reflecting thermal radiation of the sun. In a reflective painting the thermal radiation is implemented by replacing colour pigments and/or filler pigments with 10 reflective pigments, infrared reflective pigments or other reflective constituents. The reflective or infrared reflective pigments comprise for example cadmium stannate (Cd2 Sn04), Ti02, Cr203, Fe203, ZnS, Sb203, Zr02 and ZnO.

The reflective surface or reflective coating 14 of the building panel 2 reflects the thermal radiation and thus the surface temperature of the second 15 surface sheet 6 does not absorb as much heat. Therefore the temperature of the second surface sheet 6 does not rise as much as in the conventional building panels 2 having no reflective surface or reflective coating. As the temperature of the second surface sheet 6 is lower due to the reflective surface or coating 14, the building element does not undergo such a great thermal ex-20 pansion. Thus the bending and deformation of the building panel 2, support joint, panel joint and gap 15 due to thermal expansion is decreased. However, it should be noted that the thermal expansion of the building panel 2 may not be totally prevented, but some thermal expansion still occurs. In addition it should be noted that the reflective surface or reflective coating 14 may also be 25 provided to the inner first surface sheet 4 or to both the first and second sur-face sheets 4, 6. Furthermore, the reflective coating 14 or reflective surface 5 layer is provided to the outer surface of the building panel 2 on the surface C\l ^ sheets 4, 6.

^ As shown in figure 3, the support joint, between a building panel 2 30 and a support pillar 10, is further provided with an elastic support joint sealing I 16 arranged between the support pillar 10 and the first surface sheet 4 for cm providing substantially airtight sealing. The elastic sealing 16 is arranged be-

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g tween the inner first surface sheet 4 such that it seals the building panel 2 and the support pillar 10 together in substantially airtight manner. The elastic seal-00 35 ing 16 extends along longitudinally the support pillar 10 for sealing the whole support joint between the support pillar 10 and the building panel 2, and espe- 8 dally between the support pillar 10 and the first surface sheet 4. As shown in figure 3, the adjacent building panels 2 are secured to a common support pillar 10 with support joints such that the first end edge 3 of one building panel 2 is opposite to the second end edge 5 of another adjacent building panel 2. In this 5 embodiment the elastic support joint sealing 16 is provided between the common support pillar 10 and both the adjacent building panels 2. Alternatively there could be a separate elastic support joint sealing 16 between the horizontally adjacent building panels 2 secured to a common support pillar 10. In the embodiment of figure 3, the elastic support joint sealing 16 is further provided 10 to extend between the end edges 3, 5 of the horizontally adjacent building panels 2 secured to a common support pillar 10. In other words the elastic support joint sealing 16 extends to the gap 15 between the horizontally adjacent building panels 2. Alternative the gap 15 may be provided with a separate elastic or non-elastic gap sealing or in an elastic support joint sealing 16 of on-15 ly one building panel 2 may extend to the gap 15.

The term elastic in connection with the sealing 16 refers in this context to characteristics of the sealing material meaning sealing material having physical property which allows the sealing material to stretch and deform without breaking or cracking or forming flaws. The term elastic also means that the 20 sealing material of sealing 16 may substantially or at least partly return to its original shape after the stress cause by the deformation due to thermal expansion is no longer applied to the sealing 16. The elastic support joint sealing 16 may be made from expanding sealing material, elastic polyurethane foam, or other elastic sealing material capable of providing substantially airtight sealing. 25 The elastic support joint sealing 16 may itself be substantially gas impermea-ble such that airtight sealing is provided. The material of the elastic sealing 16 5 is chosen such that it may stand, preferably repeatedly, the restricted or re-

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duced thermal expansion and deformations of the building panel 2. Thus at v least one of the first and second surface sheets 4, 6 is provided with restricted 30 thermal expansion for maintaining the airtight sealing by decreasing mechani- | cal stress subjected to the elastic support joint sealing 16 due to thermal ex- c\j pansion. Accordingly in the present invention a long term airtight wall or roof o structure is achieved with the combination of the elastic sealing 16 and the ™ building panel 2 with restricted or reduced thermal expansion.

00 35 The elastic sealing material may be a sealing material having elastic performance up to 35 % movement accommodation or even up to 45 % 9 movement accommodation ensuring integrity of the seal in event of movement. Thus the term elastic in connection with the sealing means that the sealing or sealing material may tolerate movements without breaking or otherwise compromising the tightness of the seal due to movements in the joint. Thus the 5 elastic performance of the sealing material enhances to maintain the airtight sealing. Furthermore, the airtight formulation of the elastic sealing material may fulfil EN 1026 0.1m3/h @10 Pa, for example in a case of elastic polyurethane foam or expandable sealing band. Thermal conductivity of expandable elastic sealing material may be less than 0,08 W/m K, or less than 0,05 10 W/m-K, for example 0,048 W/m-K. Furthermore, the thermal conductivity of elastic polyurethane foam may be less 50 mW/m-K, or less than 40 mW/m-K, for example 36 mW/m-K. The elastic sealing may be for example elastic polyurethane foam, such as sold under trade name FM330 by Tremco lllbruck. The elastic expandable sealing material may be elastic sealing band, such as sold 15 under trade name Compriband Trio by Tremco lllbruck. These sealing materials may be used in support joint sealing 16, or in other sealings of the building panels, such as between the panels.

Figure 4 shows an alternative embodiment of a roof or wall structure according to the present invention. In this embodiment the thermal expansion 20 of the building panel 2 is restricted or reduced by profiling at least one of the surface sheets 4, 6. Thus at least one of the first and second surface sheets 4, 6 may be a profiled thin sheet comprising one or more longitudinal grooves and/or protrusions 18, as shown in figure 4. In the embodiment of figure 4 the one or more longitudinal grooves and/or protrusions 18 extend substantially 25 parallel to the first and second end edges 3, 5 of the building panel 2 for divid- ing the building panel 2 to successive bending zones in the direction of the first 0 and second side edges 9, 11. In this embodiment the successive longitudinal

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^ grooves and/or protrusions 18 from bending lines such that the bending of the ^ building panel 2 due to thermal expansion occurs substantially as local bend- 30 ing in the mentioned bending zones which reduces the overall bending of the 1 whole building panel 2 and therefore reduces or restricts the thermal expan- c\j sion along the building panel 2. Thus the reduced overall thermal expansion o and deformation reduces the mechanical stress subjected to the elastic sup-^ port joint sealing 6. In an alternative embodiment the one or more longitudinal ^ 35 grooves and/or protrusions 18 extend substantially parallel, or in angle, to the first and second side edges 9, 11 of the building panel 2 for stiffening the build- 10 ing panel 2 in the direction of the first and second side edges 9, 11. In this embodiment grooves and/or protrusions 18 form stiffeners which prevent the building panel 2 from bending in the manner shown in figure 2.

Figure 5 shows a detailed view of one support joint according to the 5 present invention. Two building panels 2 are secured to a common support pillar 10 with bolt 26, screws or the like in the vicinity of the end edges 3, 5. The horizontally adjacent building panels 2 are arranged such that the first end edge 3 of one building panel 2 is opposite the second end edge 5 of another building panel 2 and a gap 15 is provided between them. The elastic support 10 joint sealing 16 is arranged between the first surface sheet 4 of the building panels 2 and the support pillar 10 such that the elastic support joint sealing 16 extends partly into the gap 15. The gap 15 is covered with a cover plate 24 extending along the gap 15 in the direction of the support pillar 10. The cover plate 24 forms a washer for the securing bolts 26. The gap 15 is also provided 15 with a gap sealing 20 arranged between the cover plate 24 and the elastic support joint sealing 16. The gap sealing 16 fills the gap 15 and provides additional sealing to the support joint. The gap sealing 20 may be made of any conventional sealing material such as polyurethane foam or mineral wool. One or more additional separate support seals 22 provided between the support 20 pillar 10 and the first surface sheet 4. The additional support seals 22 may be made from expandable sealing material or sealing strip or the like and they are separate to each building panel 2. The additional support seals 22 ensure airtight sealing of the support joint

Figure 6 shows a detailed view of the second side edge a building 25 panel 2 according to one embodiment of the present invention. The present invention therefore also relates to an energy efficient building panel 2 compris-5 ing a first surface sheet 4 and a second surface sheet 6 forming first and sec-

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ond side surfaces, an insulation material layer 8 between the first and second v surface sheets 4, 6 and first and second end edges 3, 5. The first and second 30 side edges 9, 11 are provided with first and second male side edge connectors I extending longitudinally on the first side edge 9 and first and second female c\j side edge connectors 30, 32 extending longitudinally on the second side edge o 11. The male side edge connectors and female side edge connectors 30, 32 ™ are arranged to be respectively joined with female 30, 32 and male side edge 00 35 connectors of a like adjacently positioned other building panel 2 for interlocking the building panels 2 together. The female connector elements may be formed 11 as grooves 30 and 32 and the male side edge connectors as tongues. In the embodiment of figure 6 the first surface sheet 4 is arranged to form the first female side edge connector 30 to the second side edge 11 and the first male side edge connector to the first side edge 9. Correspondingly, the second sur-5 face sheet 6 is arranged to form the second female side edge connector 32 to the second side edge 11 and the second male side edge connector to the first side edge 9. According to the present invention the building panel 2 further comprises elastic panel seals 34, 36 arranged into and extending along both the first and second female side edge connectors 30, 32 for providing substan-10 tially airtight sealing between the building panels 2 along the joined side edges 9, 11. Furthermore, the building panel 2 is implemented such that at least one of the first and second surface sheets 4, 6 is provided with restricted thermal expansion for retaining the panel seals 30, 32 in the first and second female side edge connectors 30, 32 by decreasing deformations of the female 30, 32 15 and male side edge connectors due to thermal expansion. The restricted or reduced thermal expansion may be carried out as described above. Accordingly the building panels 2 may form a wall or roof structure in which the connection means of the building panel 2 comprise first and second tongues provided to the first side edge 9 of the building panel 2 and first and second grooves 30, 20 32 provided to the second side edge 11 of the building panel 2 for joining build ing panels 2 together along the first and second side edges 9, 11 with a tongue and groove joint, and that both of the grooves 30, 32 are provided with panel seals 34, 36 extending along the bottom of the groove 30, 32 for providing airtight sealing between the building panels 2 along the side edges 9, 11.

25 The elastic panel seal 34, 36 is provided to both of the two female side edge connectors 30, 32 or to at least female side edge connectors in a

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0 case where the second side edge 11 comprises more than two side female

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^ side edge connectors 30, 32. The elastic panel seals 34, 36 may be arranged T to the bottom of the female side edge connector 30, 32 such that they extend 30 along the whole side second edge 11 of the building element. At least one of 1 the elastic panel seals 34, 36 may be made from expanding sealing material or c\j other elastic sealing material capable of providing substantially airtight sealing.

o

The restricted or reduced thermal expansion of the building panel 2 together ^ with the elastic panel seals 34, 36 in at least two female side edge connectors 00 35 enables maintaining the substantially airtight sealing between the building panels 2 joined along the side edges irrespective of the temperature variations.

12

The restricted thermal expansion reduces the deformations of the male and female connector elements and elastic properties of the panel seals 34, 36 stand the reduced deformations without breaking or slipping away from the female side edge connectors. Thus a long term airtight sealing between the 5 building panels 2 may be achieved. The panel seals 34, 36 may be provided from the same material as the elastic sealing material of the support joint sealing 16.

The present invention also relates to use of elastic sealing material 16 together with a surface sheet 4, 6 having restricted thermal expansion for 10 forming a substantially airtight wall or roof structure in which two or more building panels 2, comprising a first surface sheet 4 and a second surface sheet 6 and an insulation material layer 8 between the first and second surface sheets 4, 6, are joined together and secured to support pillars 10 such that the airtight sealing is maintained with the elastic sealing material 16 arranged between the 15 building panels 2 and the pillars 10 and by reducing the mechanical stress subjected to the elastic sealing material 16 due to thermal expansion with the restricted thermal expansion of the surface sheet 4, 6.

The present invention additionally relates to use of elastic sealing material 34, 36 together with a surface sheet 4, 6 having restricted thermal ex-20 pansion for forming a building panel 2 enabling long-term substantially airtight joint between the adjacent building panels 2 comprising a first surface sheet 4 and a second surface sheet 6, an insulation material layer 8 between the first and second surface sheets 4, 6, first and second end edges 3, 5, first and second side edges 9, 11 provided with first and second male side edge connect-25 ors extending longitudinally on the first side edge 9 and first and second fe-male side edge connectors 30, 32 extending longitudinally on the second side 5 edge 11, the male side edge connectors and female side edge connectors 30, c\j ^ 32 being arranged to be respectively joined with female 30, 32 and male side v edge connectors of a like adjacently positioned other building panel 2 for inter- ^ 30 locking the building panels 2 together, in which building panel 2 the long-term £ substantially airtight sealing is enabled with the elastic sealing material 34, 36 c\j provided into and along the first and second female side edge connectors 30, o 32 and by decreasing deformations of the female 30, 32 and male side edge £· connectors due to thermal expansion with the restricted thermal expansion of ^ 35 the surface sheet 4, 6.

13

It will be obvious to a person skilled in the art that, as the technology advances, the inventive concept can be implemented in various ways. The invention and its embodiments are not limited to the examples described above but may vary within the scope of the claims.

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Claims (22)

  1. An energy efficient wall or ceiling structure comprising: - pillars (10); and - two or more building panels (2) comprising en-5 between a first surface panel (4) and a second surface panel (6) and a first and second surface panel (4, 6) of the insulating material layer (8) further comprising a first panel and a second end edge (3, 5) and a first and second side edge (9, 11) provided with engaging means for interconnecting building panels (2) along the first and second side edges (9, 10 11), wherein the wall or ceiling structure includes 2) is fixed to the support pillars (10) such that the first surface plate (4) is arranged against the support pillar (10) to provide a support connection between the building panel (2) and the support pillar (10) provided with an elastic support joint seal (16) to provide a substantially airtight connection between the support column (10) and the first surface plate (4), characterized in that at least one first the barrier and the second surface plate (4, 6) are provided with a limited thermal expansion to maintain the airtight seal by reducing the mechanical stress on the elastic support joint seal (16) due to the thermal expansion.
  2. Wall or ceiling structure according to claim 1, characterized in that at least one of the first and second surface panels (4, 6) is provided with a reflective outer surface or an outer surface coating (14) for reflecting the thermal radiation.
  3. Wall or ceiling structure according to Claim 2, characterized in that the reflective heat coating (14) is a painting provided with reflective pigments reflecting heat radiation in the ultraviolet region.
  4. A wall or ceiling structure according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that at least one of the first and second surface x 30 panels (4, 6) is a profiled thin sheet comprising one of a plurality of holding boards. conical groove and / or protuberance (18).
  5. Wall or ceiling structure according to Claim 4, characterized in that the one or more elongated grooves and / or protrusions (18) extend substantially parallel to the first and second lateral edges (9, 11) of the building panel (2). with the construction panel (2) in the direction of the first and second side edges (9, 11). 20
  6. Wall or ceiling structure according to Claim 4 or 5, characterized in that one or more elongated grooves and / or protrusions (18) extend substantially parallel to the first and second end edges (3, 5) of the building panel (2) for partitioning the building panel (2). successive bending zones in the direction of the first and second lateral edges (9, 11).
  7. Wall or ceiling structure according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the adjacent building panels (2) are attached to a common support pillar (10) with support joints such that the first end edge (3) of one building panel 10 (2) is 2) opposite one end edge (5).
  8. Wall or ceiling structure according to claim 7, characterized in that an elastic support joint seal (16) is provided between the common support pillar (10) and the two adjacent building panels (2).
  9. Wall or ceiling structure according to Claim 7 or 8, characterized in that the elastic support joint seal (16) is provided between the end edges (3, 5) of adjacent building panels (2).
  10. Wall or ceiling structure according to any one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that the elastic support joint seal (16) is made of expandable sealing material, elastic polyurethane foam, or other elastic sealing material capable of providing a substantially airtight seal.
  11. Wall or ceiling structure according to any one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that one or more support seals (22) are provided between the support column (10) and the first surface plate (4).
  12. Wall or roof structure according to any one of claims 1 to 11, characterized in that the coupling means also comprise a second tongue provided at the first lateral edge (9) of the building panel (2) and the first and second grooves. (30, 32) provided on the second side edge (11) of the building panel 30 (2) for connecting the building panels to one of the joint joints | along the first and second side edges (9, 11), and that both grooves c, j (30, 32) are provided with panel seals (34, 36) extending along the bottom of the groove (30, 32) to provide airtight sealing of the building panels (2). ) along the side edges (9, 11) ° 35 21
  13. An energy-efficient building panel (2) comprising: - a first surface plate (4) and a second surface plate (6) forming the first and second side surfaces; - an insulating material layer (8) between the first and second surface plates (4, 5 6); - first and second end edges (3, 5); - first and second side edges (9, 11) provided with first and second male side edge connectors extending longitudinally with the first side edge (9) and first and second female side edge connectors (30, 32) extending longitudinally with a second side edge (11); the male side edge connectors and the female side edge connectors (30, 32) being arranged to be connected to the female (30, 32) and male side edge connectors of the respective adjacent second construction panel (2) to lock the construction panels (2) together; and 15. in addition, elastic panel seals (34, 36) disposed inside and extending along both first and second female side edge connectors (30, 32) to provide a substantially airtight seal along the side edges (9, 11) connected between the building panels (2). , characterized in that at least one of the first and second surface 20 plates (4, 6) is provided with a limited thermal expansion to hold the panel seals (34, 36) on the first and second female side edge connectors (30, 32) by reducing deformation of the female (30, 32) and male side edge connectors due to thermal expansion.
  14. A building panel (2) according to claim 13, characterized in that the first surface plate (4) is arranged to form a first female side edge connector (30) and a first male side edge connector 5, and that the second surface plate (6) is arranged. to form one female C-side sidewall connector (32) and another male side-edge connector.
  15. Building panel (2) according to claim 13 or 14, characterized in that at least one of the first and second surface panels (4, 6) is provided with a reflective outer surface or an outer surface coating (14) for reflecting heat radiation,
  16. Building panel (2) according to Claim 15, characterized in that the reflective heat coating (14) is a painting provided with 00 35 reflective pigments which reflect thermal radiation in the ultraviolet region. 22
  17. Building panel (2) according to any one of claims 13 to 16, characterized in that at least one of the first and second surface panels (4, 6) is a profiled thin sheet comprising one of a plurality of elongated grooves and / or elevations (18). .
  18. Building panel (2) according to claim 17, characterized in that one or more elongated grooves and / or protrusions (18) extend substantially parallel to the first and second side edges (9, 11) of the building panel (2) to stiffen the first panel. and in the direction of the second side edge (9, 11).
  19. Building panel (2) according to claim 17 or 18, characterized in that one or more elongated grooves and / or protrusions (18) extend substantially parallel to the first and second end edges (3, 5) of the building panel (2) to divide the building panel (2). successive bending zones in the direction of the first and second lateral edges (9, 11).
  20. Building panel (2) according to any one of claims 13 to 19, characterized in that the at least one elastic panel seal (34, 36) is made of an expandable sealing material or other elastic sealing material capable of providing a substantially airtight joint.
  21. Use of an elastic sealing material (16) in combination with a surface plate (4, 6) having limited thermal expansion to form a substantially airtight wall or ceiling structure comprising two or more building panels (2) comprising a first surface plate (4) and a second surface plate (4). 6) and between the first and second surface plates (4, 6) of the insulating material layer (8), are joined together and secured to the support pillars (10) such that the airtight seal is maintained by an elastic sealing material (16) between the columns (2) and the columns (10), and by reducing the mechanical stress on the elastic sealing material (16) by the limited thermal expansion of the surface plate (4, 6).
  22. Use of an elastic sealing material (34, 36) together with a surface plate | (4, 6) with a limited thermal expansion to form a building panel (2) which allows long-lasting substantially airtight connection between adjacent building panels (2) comprising a first ™ surface panel (4) and a second panel (6) ), between the first and second end edges (3, 5), the first and second lateral edges (9, 11) of the insulating material layer (8) between the first and second end plates (4, 6) provided with the first and second a male side edge connector extending longitudinally on a first side edge (9) and a first and second female side edge connector (30, 32) extending longitudinally on a second side edge (11), the male side edge connectors and the female side edge connector (30, 32) being respectively female (32) adjacent to the second building panel (2) adjacent to each other and male side edge connectors with the building panel a (2) long-term substantially airtight sealing is enabled by an elastic sealing material (34, 36) provided inside and along the first and second female side edge connectors (30, 32), and by lowering the female (30, 32) and male side deformations due to thermal expansion with limited thermal expansion of the surface plate (4, 6). CO δ C \ J X CC CL C \ l O CD LO CM O CM
FI20125602A 2012-06-01 2012-06-01 Energy-efficient wall or ceiling construction with panel construction and use of elastic sealing material FI123901B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FI20125602 2012-06-01
FI20125602A FI123901B (en) 2012-06-01 2012-06-01 Energy-efficient wall or ceiling construction with panel construction and use of elastic sealing material

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FI20125602A FI123901B (en) 2012-06-01 2012-06-01 Energy-efficient wall or ceiling construction with panel construction and use of elastic sealing material
EP13169951.4A EP2669444A3 (en) 2012-06-01 2013-05-31 Wall or roof structure and building panel

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FI123901B true FI123901B (en) 2013-12-13

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CA2868866A1 (en) 2013-10-25 2015-04-25 Mark A. Mcmanus Tile and support structure
WO2015188229A1 (en) * 2014-06-10 2015-12-17 Superpod Pty. Ltd. Improvements in buildings
CA3002656A1 (en) * 2015-10-22 2017-04-27 Mbrico, Llc Tile and support structure

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3323778C2 (en) * 1983-07-01 1987-03-05 Hoesch Ag, 4600 Dortmund, De
GB8916262D0 (en) * 1989-07-15 1989-08-31 Allan Roofing Limited Roofing panel
DE19824597C1 (en) * 1998-06-02 2000-02-24 Thyssenkrupp Stahl Ag Sandwich elements for building of walls and roofs, wall and roof structure with at least two sandwich elements

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FI20125602A (en) 2013-12-02
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