ES2761652A1 - Anchorage Systems (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding) - Google Patents

Anchorage Systems (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding) Download PDF

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Publication number
ES2761652A1
ES2761652A1 ES201831117A ES201831117A ES2761652A1 ES 2761652 A1 ES2761652 A1 ES 2761652A1 ES 201831117 A ES201831117 A ES 201831117A ES 201831117 A ES201831117 A ES 201831117A ES 2761652 A1 ES2761652 A1 ES 2761652A1
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ES
Spain
Prior art keywords
industrialized
screw
unit
bushings
holes
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
ES201831117A
Other languages
Spanish (es)
Inventor
Buldain Pedro Rebollar
Original Assignee
Buldain Pedro Rebollar
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Buldain Pedro Rebollar filed Critical Buldain Pedro Rebollar
Priority to ES201831117A priority Critical patent/ES2761652A1/en
Publication of ES2761652A1 publication Critical patent/ES2761652A1/en
Granted legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/348Structures composed of units comprising at least considerable parts of two sides of a room, e.g. box-like or cell-like units closed or in skeleton form
    • E04B1/34807Elements integrated in a skeleton
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/74Means for anchoring structural elements or bulkheads
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts

Abstract

Anchorage system (100) of an industrialized unit to a foundation of a dwelling, the system comprises a lower anchorage plate (105) leveled in height with respect to the foundation of the dwelling by means of a set of nuts and threaded rods (110) and an upper anchor plate (115) that includes holes (112) for the passage of the threaded rods, and where the holes (112) comprise an excess that allows the displacement of the upper anchor plate (115) with respect to the lower plate anchor (105). Joining system (200) between two industrialized units of a house, the system comprises a pair of upper bushings (205) welded to a first surface of an anchor plate (210) and a pair of lower bushings (215) welded to a second surface of the anchor plate (210). (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

Description

DESCRIPTION
Anchorage Systems.
Object of the invention
The present invention belongs to the field of building, and more specifically to industrialized modular building construction systems.
The object of the present invention is an improved anchorage system for modular construction systems that include industrialized units, which, among other advantages, facilitates the connection between industrialized units and allows access to the connection between industrialized units from one face of the connection and always from inside the house.
Background of the Invention
Currently, in the existing foundation anchorage systems on the market for industrialized units with more than four pillars, the central pillars lack a set of pillars, and therefore their positioning may cause misalignment between the unit facades. adjacent industrialized buildings, which may force additional work to correct said misalignment.
The joints between pillars usually comprise bolt and pin joints. To access this type of unions, two accesses per anchor are required to complete the union of said anchor. This forces the anchorages between interior industrialized units to leave part of the slab unfinished to be able to access it from the two sides of the joint between pillars.
The anchoring systems comprise bushings welded to the anchor plate that lack means that can facilitate positioning tasks. This makes such positioning tasks complex especially when there are more than four pillars for each industrialized unit, having to use auxiliary means such as levers, nails, etc. for the pillars to enter the bushings of the anchor plates, with the consequent increased risk for workers and risks, as well as causing damage to the industrialized unit.
The anchoring systems between conventional units existing on the market usually include bolted joints, which require access from two sides of the joint, which prevents the facade closures of industrialized units from being completely placed at the factory, since it must be left open the area of the unions, causing work to close the facade on site and allowing the entry of water by rain in the open areas of the facade.
In addition, these systems usually lack mechanisms in the joints that allow an adjustment movement between industrialized units to align their facades, causing subsequent work and work to resolve misalignments between units.
As it also lacks the means that can facilitate positioning, it is complicated, having to resort to levers, nails, etc. to carry out the operation, with the consequent increase in the irrigation of the workers, loss of time and potential damage to force the positioning.
For this reason, improved anchoring systems are necessary to overcome at least the aforementioned disadvantages. The present invention is related among other things to the satisfaction of these demands.
Description of the Invention
The present invention refers to a first anchoring system of an industrialized unit to a foundation of a dwelling and a second anchorage system between two industrialized units of a dwelling.
In a first aspect, the present invention refers to an anchoring system of an industrialized unit to a foundation of a dwelling comprising a lower anchor plate leveled in height with respect to the foundation of the dwelling by means of a set of threaded rods and nuts. The anchoring system also comprises an upper anchoring plate with holes that allow the passage of the pink rods making said anchor plates integral. The diameter of the holes in the top anchor plate includes a number that allows the top anchor plate to move with respect to the bottom plate and where said plates are joined by means of the threaded rods. The upper anchor plate comprises two connecting sleeves welded to said upper anchor plate. Each of the union bushings comprises a screw system for fixing and adjusting pillars of the industrialized unit to said bushings. In addition, each bushing comprises a pyramid trunk surface as a "canopy" to promote the coupling between the pillar of the industrialized unit and the union bushing.
Thus, the anchorage system of the industrialized unit according to the present invention comprises two plates, the lower one being larger than the upper plate to enable the upper plate to move relative to the lower plate when positioning the units. industrialized, remain fully in contact with the bottom plate. The bottom plate can be adjusted at the height level in relation to the foundation by means of nuts and threaded rods that are passed through the bottom plate and the top plate and which, once the height of the bottom plate is adjusted, are embedded in the foundation. In a preferred embodiment, the through holes in the top plate are 1 cm in diameter from those in the bottom plate. The excess allows that when the industrialized unit is positioned the plate-bush assembly can be moved to a position that allows the alignment between the facades of adjacent units. In addition, with the system of screwing the union in the bushings of the anchor plates, the most precise adjustment can be made if necessary.
As the union is fixed in the bushings of the anchor plates by means of screws, only access to one face of said union is required to be able to fix the pillars of the industrialized unit to the anchor system, facilitating the finishing of the forged, underfloor heating and floor finishing of the industrialized unit to a greater extent than with the pin-bolt fixing as in systems already commercialized in the market.
In this way, a pyramid trunk surface or "roof" with 4 waters is incorporated into the union bushings so that in the positioning of the industrialized units the pillars easily find the top or tips of the caps for the definitive positioning of the pillars. without the need for auxiliary elements or risky operations for workers, etc.
In a second aspect, the present invention refers to an anchoring system between two industrialized units of a dwelling, the system comprises a pair of upper bushings welded to a first surface of an anchor plate and a pair of lower bushings welded to a second surface of the anchor plate. The pair of bushings The upper parts comprise a first screw system for fixing the pillars of an industrialized upper unit to the pair of upper bushings and a pyramid trunk surface for receiving the pillars of the industrialized upper unit. The pair of lower bushings comprises a second screw system for fixing abutments of an industrialized lower unit to the pair of lower bushings.
Advantageously, in the anchoring system between two industrialized units according to the present invention, the connection is screwed in such a way that access to the connection between units is carried out from one side and always from inside the house, making it possible to complete the façade enclosure in the factory and therefore preventing the entry of rainwater into the home in the assembly phase of the units on site.
In addition, by means of the screw systems that include sets of screws and nuts with which the joints are made, the precise alignment adjustment between industrialized units is made possible, thus avoiding work to solve misalignments between units.
Additionally, a trunk surface of a pyramid or "roof" with 4 waters is incorporated in the upper bushings of the joints so that in the positioning of the industrialized units, the pillars easily find the tips or upper part of the bushings for their positioning definitive without the need for auxiliary elements, operations with risk for workers, etc.
Description of the drawings
To complement the description that is being made and in order to help a better understanding of the characteristics of the invention, according to a preferred example of practical embodiment thereof, a set of drawings is included as an integral part of said description where illustrative and not limiting, the following has been represented:
Figure 1 shows a system for anchoring an industrialized unit to a foundation of a house.
Figure 2 shows an anchoring system between two industrialized units of a dwelling.
PREFERRED EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION
Figure 1 shows an anchoring system 100 of an industrialized unit to a foundation of a house.
In the anchoring system (100) of an industrialized unit to a foundation of a dwelling, a lower anchorage plate (105) can be seen, which is leveled in height with respect to the foundation of the dwelling (not shown in the figure) by means of a set of nuts and threaded rods (110).
The anchoring system (100) also comprises an upper anchoring plate (115) that is integral with the lower anchoring plate (105) thanks to the set of threaded rods (110). Once the anchor plates are leveled in height, the grout will be cast, joining the bottom plate to the foundation and the top plate to the bottom using oversized nuts and washers.
In the detail of figure 1, the joint connection between the lower anchor plate (105) and the upper anchor plate (115) can be seen by means of the threaded rods (110). The system of nuts and threaded rods (110) that allow regulating the lower anchor plate (105) at the height level is also observed. The upper anchor plate (115) comprises holes (112) with a diameter excess of 1 cm with respect to the holes in the lower anchor plate (105) and which allows the bushing plate assembly to be moved to a position that allows alignment between the facades of adjoining units. The upper anchor plate (115) is integral with the lower anchor plate (105) and is fixed to it by a set of a set of nuts (114) and oversized washers (116).
It can be seen how the upper anchor plate (115) comprises two connection sleeves (120) welded to said upper anchor plate (115). Each one of the union bushings (120) comprises a screw system (125), (130) that allows the fixing of pillars (135) belonging to the industrialized unit with the bushings as well as the approach and removal of the plate-bushings assembly .
It can be seen in figure 1 how the connection bushings (120) comprise trunk pyramid surfaces (140) for receiving the pillars (135) of the industrialized unit. Thus, during the positioning of the industrialized units, the pillars can be establish on the caps for their definitive positioning without the need for auxiliary elements, operations with risk for workers, etc.
Additionally, the screwing system 125, 130 comprises holes and a threading screw 125 and a push threading screw 130. The bushings also include an inner plate (145) with a threaded hole for screwing in the threading screw (125).
The pillars (135) of the industrialized unit comprise holes (150) for receiving the screw system (125), (130) and a nut (155) welded to one of the holes (150) for a threaded connection with the thrust tapping screw (130).
Advantageously, the screwing system 125, (130) can be accessed from inside the industrialized unit, making it possible to complete the facade cladding at the factory and therefore preventing rainwater from entering the home during the assembly phase. of units on site.
Figure 2 shows a connection system (200) between two industrialized units of a dwelling. The joint system (200) comprises a pair of upper bushings (205) that are welded to a first surface of an anchor plate (210) and a pair of lower bushings (215). The lower bushings (215) are welded to a second surface of the anchor plate (210).
The pair of upper bushings (205) comprises a first screw system (220), (225) that allows the pillars (230) of an industrialized upper unit to be attached to the pair of upper bushings (205) and a trunk pyramid surface ( 235) as a "roof" to promote and improve the coupling between the pillar of the industrialized unit and said bushing and for receiving the pillars (230) of the upper industrialized unit. The pair of lower bushings (215) comprise a second screw system 222, 227 for fixing pillars 250 of an industrialized lower unit to the pair of lower bushings 215.
The first and second screwdriving systems comprise holes and a through threading screw (220) (222) and a push threading screw (225) (227). In addition, each of the pillars (230) of the industrialized upper unit comprise holes (240) for the reception of the first screw system (220), (225) and a nut (245) welded to one of the holes for a threading connection with the push threading screw (225).
Similarly, it can be seen in figure 2 how the pair of lower bushings (215) comprise holes (255) and how the pillars (250) of the industrialized lower unit comprise holes (257) for receiving the second screw system (222). ), (227). Like the anchoring system (100), the pair of upper bushings (205) contain an inner plate (260) with a threaded hole for screwing in the threading screw (220). By means of the screw systems 220, 225 and 222, 227 that include screws and sets of nuts with which the joints between industrialized units are made, fine adjustment of alignment between units is possible, avoiding rework to solve the misalignments between these units. Advantageously, the first and second bolting systems (220), (225) and (222), (227) can be accessed from inside the upper and lower industrialized unit, respectively, making it possible to complete the facade cladding at the factory and preventing therefore, the entry of rainwater into the home in the assembly phase of the units on site.

Claims (13)

1. Anchorage system (100) of an industrialized unit to a foundation of a dwelling, the system includes:
a lower anchor plate (105) leveled in height with respect to the foundation of the house by means of a set of nuts and threaded rods (110); and
an upper anchor plate (115) comprising holes (112) for the passage of the threaded rods, and where the holes (112) comprise a recess that allows the upper anchor plate (115) to move relative to the lower plate anchor (105),
where the upper anchor plate (115) is fixed to the lower anchor plate (105) by means of a set of nuts (114) and oversized washers (116),
wherein the upper anchor plate (115) comprises two union sleeves (120) welded to said upper anchor plate (115),
where each of the union bushes (120) comprises:
- a screw system 125, 130 for fixing a pillar 135 of the industrialized unit to the socket; and
- a pyramid trunk surface (140) for receiving the pillar (135) of the industrialized unit.
2. Anchorage system (100) of an industrialized unit to a foundation according to claim 1, where the excess comprises 1 cm in diameter.
3. Anchoring system (100) of an industrialized unit to a foundation according to claim 1, wherein the lower anchor plate (105) is larger than the upper anchor plate (115).
4. Anchorage system (100) of an industrialized unit to a foundation of a house according to claim 1, where the screw system (125), (130) comprises holes and a through threading screw (125) and a push threading screw (130).
5. Anchorage system (100) of an industrialized unit to a foundation of a dwelling according to claim 4, where the bushings contain an inner plate (145) that includes a threaded hole for screwing in the through-threading screw (125) .
6. Anchorage system (100) of an industrialized unit to a foundation of a dwelling according to claim 1, where the pillars (135) of the industrialized unit comprise holes (150) for receiving the screw system (125), (130) and a nut (155) welded to one of the holes (150) for a threading connection with the push threading screw (130).
7. Anchorage system (100) of an industrialized unit to a foundation of a dwelling according to claim 1, where the screw system (125), (130) is accessed from inside the industrialized unit.
8. Union system (200) between two industrialized units of a dwelling, the system includes:
a pair of top bushings (205) welded to a first surface of an anchor plate (210); and
a pair of lower bushings (215) welded to a second surface of the anchor plate (210),
where each of the upper bushings (205) comprises:
- a first screw system (220), (225) for fixing a pillar (230) of an upper industrialized upper cap unit (205);
- a pyramid trunk surface (235) for receiving the pillar (230) of the industrialized upper unit.
where each of the lower bushings (215) comprises:
- a second screw system (222), (227) for fixing a pillar (250) of an industrialized lower unit to the lower bush (215).
9. Union system (200) between two industrialized units of a dwelling according to claim 8, wherein the first and second screw systems comprise holes and a through thread screw (220) (222) and a thread screw of push (225) (227).
10. Union system (200) between two industrialized units of a dwelling according to claim 8, where each of the pillars (230) of the industrialized upper unit comprises holes (240) for receiving the first screw system ( 220), (225) and a nut (245) welded to one of the holes for a threading connection with the push threading screw (225).
11. Joining system (200) between two industrialized units of a house according to claim 8, wherein the pair of lower bushings (215) comprise holes (255) and the pillars (250) of the industrialized lower unit comprise holes ( 257) for receiving the second screw system 222, 227.
12. Union system (200) between two industrialized units of a dwelling according to claim 11, wherein the pair of upper bushings (205) contain an inner plate (260) comprising a threaded hole for screwing in the threaded screw. intern (220).
13. Union system (200) between two industrialized units of a house according to claim 8, where the first and second screw systems (220), (225) and (222), (227) are accessed from the inside of the upper and lower industrialized unit, respectively.
ES201831117A 2018-11-19 2018-11-19 Anchorage Systems (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding) Granted ES2761652A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ES201831117A ES2761652A1 (en) 2018-11-19 2018-11-19 Anchorage Systems (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ES201831117A ES2761652A1 (en) 2018-11-19 2018-11-19 Anchorage Systems (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

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ES2761652A1 true ES2761652A1 (en) 2020-05-20

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2929969A1 (en) * 2008-04-15 2009-10-16 Fumez Andre Metallic structure and resistant monobloc mounting device for constructing bearing wall in ground floor building, has base bearing panel elements fixed in head on metallic or wood profile, and expansion plugs screwed in bearing plate
ES2375562T3 (en) * 2003-03-11 2012-03-02 Roland Johansson ADJUSTMENT DEVICE FOR A BASE.
CN102400445A (en) * 2010-09-08 2012-04-04 韩国建设技术研究院 Sliding base structure provided with clamping device
KR20130141093A (en) * 2012-06-15 2013-12-26 주식회사 포스코에이앤씨건축사사무소 Modular unit joint and modular structure using the same
ES2670471A1 (en) * 2016-11-30 2018-05-30 Sustainable Energy&Housing, S.L. Anchoring and joining assembly for modular constructions (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
US20180251996A1 (en) * 2017-03-06 2018-09-06 Commscope Technologies Llc Alignment plate for mounting a structure to a foundation

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2375562T3 (en) * 2003-03-11 2012-03-02 Roland Johansson ADJUSTMENT DEVICE FOR A BASE.
FR2929969A1 (en) * 2008-04-15 2009-10-16 Fumez Andre Metallic structure and resistant monobloc mounting device for constructing bearing wall in ground floor building, has base bearing panel elements fixed in head on metallic or wood profile, and expansion plugs screwed in bearing plate
CN102400445A (en) * 2010-09-08 2012-04-04 韩国建设技术研究院 Sliding base structure provided with clamping device
KR20130141093A (en) * 2012-06-15 2013-12-26 주식회사 포스코에이앤씨건축사사무소 Modular unit joint and modular structure using the same
ES2670471A1 (en) * 2016-11-30 2018-05-30 Sustainable Energy&Housing, S.L. Anchoring and joining assembly for modular constructions (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
US20180251996A1 (en) * 2017-03-06 2018-09-06 Commscope Technologies Llc Alignment plate for mounting a structure to a foundation

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