ES2672636A1 - SOURCE OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY IN THE MEDIUM OF MOTORWAYS AND HIGHWAYS (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding) - Google Patents

SOURCE OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY IN THE MEDIUM OF MOTORWAYS AND HIGHWAYS (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding) Download PDF

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Publication number
ES2672636A1
ES2672636A1 ES201631589A ES201631589A ES2672636A1 ES 2672636 A1 ES2672636 A1 ES 2672636A1 ES 201631589 A ES201631589 A ES 201631589A ES 201631589 A ES201631589 A ES 201631589A ES 2672636 A1 ES2672636 A1 ES 2672636A1
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Prior art keywords
vertical
highways
median
source
motorways
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Granted
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ES201631589A
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Spanish (es)
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ES2672636B1 (en
Inventor
Atilano Fernandez Matos
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Promociones Y Construcciones Onalita S L
PROMOCIONES Y CONSTRUCCIONES ONALITA SL
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Promociones Y Construcciones Onalita S L
PROMOCIONES Y CONSTRUCCIONES ONALITA SL
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F15/00Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction

Abstract

Source of electric power in the median of highways and highways. Starting from the conventional structuring of a median for highways, of the type that incorporate vertical elements distributed linearly to generate a barrier that prevents the passage of light from vehicles on a road that could dazzle those traveling in the opposite direction, source of electric power in the median of highways and motorways of the invention centers its characteristics on the fact that said vertical elements are materialized in vertical axis wind turbines, in which the generator itself is integrated into the base or body of the own medium, causing the passage of vehicles the corresponding air currents that rotate the vertical elements so that they generate electricity that is stored in the generators for later use according to the required needs. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

Description

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FUENTE DE ENERGIA ELECTRICA EN LA MEDIANA DE AUTOVÍAS Y AUTOPISTASSOURCE OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY IN THE MEDIUM OF HIGHWAYS AND HIGHWAYS

D E S C R I P C I Ó ND E S C R I P C I Ó N

OBJETO DE LA INVENCIÓNOBJECT OF THE INVENTION

La presente invención se refiere a una fuente de energía eléctrica en la mediana de autovías y autopistas, que incorpora un sistema generador de energía, basado en que sobre la citada mediana se disponen una pluralidad de aerogeneradores de eje vertical, de manera que se consiga obtener energía eléctrica generada por la corriente de aire ocasionada por el paso o circulación de los vehículos en dicha autovía o autopista.The present invention relates to a source of electrical energy in the median of highways and motorways, which incorporates an energy generating system, based on the above-mentioned median a plurality of vertical axis wind turbines are arranged, so as to obtain electrical energy generated by the air flow caused by the passage or circulation of vehicles on said highway or highway.

ANTECEDENTES DE LA INVENCIÓNBACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Como es sabido, en determinadas ocasiones las medianas que separan las dos vías o sentidos de circulación de autovías o autopistas incluyen en su parte superior unos elementos prominentes, ya sean cilíndricos o planos, en orden a generar una barrera que impida el paso de la luz de los vehículos que circulan en dirección contraria a fin de que los conductores de un carril no deslumbren a los conductores del carril de circulación contraria y viceversa.As is known, on certain occasions the medians that separate the two roads or senses of motorway or motorway traffic include prominent elements, either cylindrical or flat, in order to generate a barrier that prevents the passage of light of vehicles traveling in the opposite direction so that the drivers of a lane do not dazzle the drivers of the opposite lane and vice versa.

Obviamente estos dispositivos presentan un carácter totalmente inmóvil, no aprovechándose hasta la fecha para ningún otro objetivo, como puede ser la generación de energía eléctrica, lo que viene a solucionar la invención preconizada.Obviously, these devices have a totally immobile character, not taking advantage to date for any other purpose, such as the generation of electrical energy, which comes to solve the recommended invention.

DESCRIPCIÓN DE LA INVENCIÓNDESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

La fuente de energía eléctrica en la mediana que se preconiza, se basa en la incorporación sobre su parte superior de una pluralidad de elementos verticales a modo de barrera para impedir el paso de las luces de los vehículos que circulan en una y otra dirección, formandoThe source of electrical energy in the medium that is recommended, is based on the incorporation on its upper part of a plurality of vertical elements as a barrier to prevent the passage of the lights of the vehicles that circulate in either direction, forming

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una alineación a todo lo largo de la mediana, presentando la particularidad de que cada uno de esos elementos va montado de forma giratoria, con una configuración aerodinámica, para configurar una especie de aerogenerador de eje vertical, cuyo giro es provocado por el efecto aerodinámico que provoca el paso de los vehículos en ambas direcciones en proximidad a la mediana.an alignment throughout the median, presenting the particularity that each of these elements is rotatably mounted, with an aerodynamic configuration, to configure a kind of vertical axis wind turbine, whose rotation is caused by the aerodynamic effect that it causes vehicles to pass in both directions in proximity to the median.

Los elementos verticales por su parte inferior van acoplados a otros tantos generadores para que el giro de aquellos lleve a cabo la producción de energía eléctrica para utilizar de cualquier forma, bien para alimentar el alumbrado de la propia vía, bien para alimentar sistemas de señalización, tales como paneles luminosos o similares, o cualquier otra aplicación que se estime conveniente. Así, por ejemplo, una aplicación posible sería el obtener una fuente de energía adicional conectando los generadores con las gasolineras dispuestas a ambos lados de las autovías y autopistas, posibilitando que los coches eléctricos pudieran cargar las baterías en las citadas gasolineras, a partir de la energía proporcionada por los aerogeneradores situados en la mediana. Así, la invención que se propone supone un proyecto muy versátil con múltiples aplicaciones.The vertical elements at the bottom are coupled to many other generators so that the rotation of those carries out the production of electrical energy to use in any way, either to feed the lighting of the road itself, or to power signaling systems, such as luminous panels or the like, or any other application deemed convenient. Thus, for example, a possible application would be to obtain an additional energy source by connecting the generators with the gas stations arranged on both sides of the motorways and highways, enabling electric cars to charge the batteries at the aforementioned gas stations, from the energy provided by wind turbines located in the median. Thus, the proposed invention involves a very versatile project with multiple applications.

El acoplamiento entre cada uno de los elementos verticales aerodinámicos y el correspondiente generador, se realizará por cualquier medio apropiado, por ejemplo mediante elementos macho-hembra, en donde el macho emerge del eje vertical del generador, y la hembra forma parte del elemento vertical aerodinámico. De esta manera se conseguiría una combinación que posibilitaría obtener la energía deseada, aprovechando el viento generado por el paso de los vehículos en ambas direcciones. La instalación se puede ampliar según las necesidades de suministro o las aplicaciones que se requieran, puesto que el montaje de los elementos es rápido y el mantenimiento de dichos elementos es sencillo.The coupling between each of the aerodynamic vertical elements and the corresponding generator will be carried out by any appropriate means, for example by means of male-female elements, where the male emerges from the vertical axis of the generator, and the female is part of the vertical aerodynamic element . In this way a combination would be achieved that would make it possible to obtain the desired energy, taking advantage of the wind generated by the passage of the vehicles in both directions. The installation can be extended according to the needs of supply or the applications that are required, since the assembly of the elements is fast and the maintenance of said elements is simple.

En cuanto a la configuración de dichos elementos verticales aerodinámicos, presentarán una configuración tal que se consiga una incidencia del viento con un ángulo de ataque óptimo y con ello conseguir un máximo aprovechamiento de las corrientes generadas por el paso de los vehículos.As for the configuration of said aerodynamic vertical elements, they will have a configuration such that an incidence of the wind is achieved with an optimum angle of attack and thus achieve maximum use of the currents generated by the passage of the vehicles.

Por último decir que cada generador está acoplado al respectivo elemento vertical aerodinámico, complementándose con una carcasa de cobertura y estanqueización delFinally, say that each generator is coupled to the respective aerodynamic vertical element, complemented by a cover and sealing housing of the

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propio generador.own generator.

De esta forma, se puede conseguir conjuntamente con el efecto anti-deslumbramiento que presentan este tipo de medianas, unos medios para la generación de energía en base a una instalación sencilla y consecuentemente económica.In this way, it can be achieved together with the anti-glare effect presented by this type of medium, a means for generating energy based on a simple and consequently economical installation.

DESCRIPCIÓN DE LOS DIBUJOSDESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Para complementar la descripción que seguidamente se va a realizar y con objeto de ayudar a una mejor comprensión de las características del invento, de acuerdo con un ejemplo preferente de realización práctica del mismo, se acompaña como parte integrante de dicha descripción, un juego de planos en donde con carácter ilustrativo y no limitativo, se ha representado lo siguiente:To complement the description that will then be made and in order to help a better understanding of the characteristics of the invention, according to a preferred example of practical implementation thereof, a set of drawings is attached as an integral part of said description. where, for illustrative and non-limiting purposes, the following has been represented:

La figura 1.- Muestra una vista en perspectiva de la fuente de energía eléctrica dispuesta en una mediana para autovías y autopistas realizada de acuerdo con el objeto de la presente invención.Figure 1 shows a perspective view of the source of electrical energy arranged in a median for highways and motorways made in accordance with the object of the present invention.

La figura 2.- Muestra un detalle en perspectiva del elemento generador de sombra que participa en la mediana de la figura anterior, y que actúa de forma simultánea como elemento accionador del eje de giro del correspondiente generador de forma análoga a un aerogenerador de eje vertical.Figure 2.- Shows a detail in perspective of the shadow generating element that participates in the median of the previous figure, and which acts simultaneously as the actuator element of the rotation axis of the corresponding generator in a manner analogous to a vertical axis wind turbine. .

La figura 3.- Muestra finalmente, una representación esquemática de la forma de acoplamiento y montaje entre el generador inferior y el elemento accionador del mismo y generador de sombras.Figure 3.- Finally shows a schematic representation of the form of coupling and assembly between the lower generator and the actuator element thereof and shadow generator.

REALIZACIÓN PREFERENTE DE LA INVENCIÓNPREFERRED EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION

A la vista de las figuras reseñadas, puede observarse como la fuente de energía eléctrica dispuesta en la mediana que se preconiza, referenciada en general con (1), y que separa las dos calzadas (2) de sentidos contrarios de circulación de vehículos (6), incluye unaIn view of the figures outlined, it can be seen as the source of electrical energy arranged in the median that is recommended, generally referenced with (1), and that separates the two roads (2) from opposite directions of vehicle circulation (6 ), includes a

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pluralidad de elementos verticales aerodinámicos (3), convenientemente distanciados para impedir el paso de las luces de los vehículos que circulan por una calzada hacia la otra calzada y viceversa, pero con la particularidad de que dichos elementos verticales aerodinámicos (3) presentan un carácter rotatorio, en orden a aprovechar las corrientes de aire generadas por el desplazamiento de los vehículos (6), de manera que el giro de dichos elementos verticales aerodinámicos (3) sea utilizado para el accionamiento de respectivos generadores (4) de eje vertical, anclado al suelo, y debidamente protegidos mediante una carcasa cobertora (5), tal y como se representa en las figuras 2 y 3.plurality of aerodynamic vertical elements (3), conveniently spaced apart to prevent the passage of the lights of the vehicles that circulate along a road towards the other roadway and vice versa, but with the particularity that said aerodynamic vertical elements (3) have a rotational character , in order to take advantage of the air currents generated by the displacement of the vehicles (6), so that the rotation of said aerodynamic vertical elements (3) is used to drive respective vertical axis generators (4), anchored to the floor, and duly protected by a cover shell (5), as shown in figures 2 and 3.

De esta forma, la circulación de los vehículos (6) que se muestran en la figura 1, originan unos flujos de viento en su desplazamiento de la misma dirección y de sentidos contrarios, presionando tangencialmente sobre los elementos verticales aerodinámicos (3) y generando un par de giro que, al estar acoplados a los correspondientes generadores (4) generarán una corriente eléctrica que podrá ser aprovechada para el fin que sea necesario, como puede ser por ejemplo el alumbrado de la vía pública, y otros fines apropiados tales como por ejemplo, generación de energía para vehículos eléctricos, paneles informativos, etc.In this way, the circulation of the vehicles (6) shown in Figure 1, originate wind flows in their displacement from the same direction and in opposite directions, pressing tangentially on the aerodynamic vertical elements (3) and generating a torque which, when coupled to the corresponding generators (4) will generate an electric current that can be used for the necessary purpose, such as for example street lighting, and other appropriate purposes such as for example , power generation for electric vehicles, information panels, etc.

El acoplamiento (7) que se deja ver en la figura 3 entre el elemento vertical aerodinámico (3) y el generador (4) puede realizarse por un sistema convencional, como puede ser elementos macho-hembra, donde el elemento macho pertenece al eje vertical del propio generador (4) y el elemento hembra pertenece al elemento vertical aerodinámico (3). Se disponen unos pasadores de fijación, de cabeza plana, para que la pieza vertical quede bien anclada y no tenga holgura, posibilitando el giro de la citada pieza por la corriente de aire generada por el paso de los vehículos.The coupling (7) shown in Figure 3 between the aerodynamic vertical element (3) and the generator (4) can be carried out by a conventional system, such as male-female elements, where the male element belongs to the vertical axis of the generator itself (4) and the female element belongs to the aerodynamic vertical element (3). Fixing pins are arranged, with a flat head, so that the vertical piece is well anchored and has no slack, allowing the rotation of the said piece by the air flow generated by the passage of the vehicles.

Claims (1)

55 1010 15fifteen 20twenty 2525 R E I V I N D I C A C I O N E SR E I V I N D I C A C I O N E S 1a.- Fuente de energía eléctrica en la mediana de autovías y autopistas, que estando obtenida a partir de un cuerpo separador entre las calzadas que definen los dos sentidos de circulación para los vehículos, y comprendiendo sobre su zona superior una alineación de elementos verticales (3) en funciones de medios generadores de sombras que impidan el paso de la luz de los vehículos que circulan por una calzada hacia la calzada contraria y viceversa, se caracteriza porque dichos elementos verticales se materializan en aerogeneradores de eje vertical, cuyo generador (4) propiamente dicho está integrado en el seno del cuerpo o base de la propia mediana.1a.- Source of electrical energy in the median of highways and motorways, which being obtained from a separating body between the roads that define the two directions of movement for vehicles, and comprising on its upper area an alignment of vertical elements ( 3) in functions of shadow generating means that prevent the passage of light from vehicles that circulate along a road towards the opposite road and vice versa, it is characterized in that said vertical elements materialize in vertical axis wind turbines, whose generator (4) itself is integrated into the body or base of the median itself. 2a.- Fuente de energía eléctrica en la mediana de autovías y autopistas, según2a.- Source of electrical energy in the median of highways and motorways, according to reivindicación 1a, caracterizada porque cada generador (4) está montado bajo una carcasa de protección (5).claim 1, characterized in that each generator (4) is mounted under a protective housing (5). 3a.- Fuente de energía eléctrica en la mediana de autovías y autopistas, según3a.- Source of electrical energy in the median of highways and motorways, according to reivindicación 1a, caracterizada porque el acoplamiento (7) entre el generador (4) y elclaim 1, characterized in that the coupling (7) between the generator (4) and the elemento vertical (3) se realiza mediante un sistema macho/hembra en el que el elemento macho emerge del eje vertical del generador (4) y la hembra forma parte del elemento vertical (3), asegurando la fijación macho-hembra por medio de unos pasadores de cabeza plana que atraviesan los respectivos ejes y fijan la pieza vertical de manera que es susceptible de girar impulsada por las corrientes de aire ocasionadas por el paso de los vehículos, aprovechando dichas corrientes de aire para generar electricidad.Vertical element (3) is carried out by means of a male / female system in which the male element emerges from the vertical axis of the generator (4) and the female is part of the vertical element (3), ensuring the male-female fixing by means of flat head pins that pass through the respective axes and fix the vertical part so that it is capable of rotating driven by the air currents caused by the passage of the vehicles, taking advantage of said air currents to generate electricity.
ES201631589A 2016-12-14 2016-12-14 SOURCE OF ELECTRIC POWER IN THE MEDIUM OF AUTOVIAS AND HIGHWAYS Active ES2672636B1 (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201810486U (en) * 2010-09-10 2011-04-27 黑龙江省风云环境科技咨询有限公司 Vertical-shaft light-blocking wind power generating set for expressway
CN201873958U (en) * 2010-11-18 2011-06-22 哈尔滨工程大学 Highway median strip with power generating function
KR20110128381A (en) * 2010-05-22 2011-11-30 윤혜영 The showing the way median strip which uses wind force and solar sell
BR102014007300A2 (en) * 2014-03-26 2015-02-10 Petronunes Transp Revendedor E Retalhista De Derivados De Petroleo Ltda ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION SYSTEM FROM AIR FLOW FROM ROAD VEHICLES AND CONSTRUCTIVE WIND TURBINE CONFIGURATION FOR SYSTEM OPERATION

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20110128381A (en) * 2010-05-22 2011-11-30 윤혜영 The showing the way median strip which uses wind force and solar sell
CN201810486U (en) * 2010-09-10 2011-04-27 黑龙江省风云环境科技咨询有限公司 Vertical-shaft light-blocking wind power generating set for expressway
CN201873958U (en) * 2010-11-18 2011-06-22 哈尔滨工程大学 Highway median strip with power generating function
BR102014007300A2 (en) * 2014-03-26 2015-02-10 Petronunes Transp Revendedor E Retalhista De Derivados De Petroleo Ltda ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION SYSTEM FROM AIR FLOW FROM ROAD VEHICLES AND CONSTRUCTIVE WIND TURBINE CONFIGURATION FOR SYSTEM OPERATION

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